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# A car is equipped with a flexible four cylinder SI engine running in a mixture of methanol and

gasoline at an equivalence ratio of 0.95. How must the air-fuel ratio change as the fuel flow to the
engine shifts from 10% methanol to 85% methanol?

SOLUTION:

## FUEL MASS(kg) M(kg/mol) MOLS(m/M) MOLE FRACTION

CH3OH 0.10 32 0.003125 .278
C8H15 0.9 111 0.008108 .722
1 .011233 1.00

## For 1 kg fuel reacting with stoichiometric air:

0.278 CH3OH + 0.722 C8H15 + 8.9005 O2 + 8.9005(3.76) N2 6.054 CO2 + 5.971 H2O + 8.9005(3.76) N2

## For 1kg mol fuel reacting with an equivalence ratio of 0.95:

8.9005 8.9005 8.9005
0.278 CH3OH + 0.722 C8H15 + O2 + (3.76) N2 6.054 CO2 + 5.971 H2O + (3.76) N2 +
0.95 0.95 0.95

0.4680 O2
8.9005
(4.76)(28.97)
0.95
raf = ; raf = 14.53
.278(32)+ .722(111)

@ 85 % methanol ; 1 kg fuel

## FUEL MASS(kg) M(kg/mol) MOLS(m/M) MOLE FRACTION

CH3OH 0.85 32 0.0265625 .952
C8H15 0.15 111 0.0013513 .048
1 0.0279138 1.00

## For 1 kg fuel reacting with stoichiometric air:

.952 CH3OH + .048 C8H15 + 1.992 O2 + 1.992(3.76) N2 1.336 CO2 + 2.264H2O + 1.992(3.76) N2

## For 1kg mol fuel reacting with an equivalence ratio of 0.95:

1.992 1.992 1.992
0.952 CH3OH + 0.048 C8H15 + O2 + (3.76) N2 1.336 CO2 + 2.264 H2o + (3.76) N2 +
0.95 0.95 0.95

0.1048 O2
1.992
(4.76)(28.97)
0.95
raf = .278(32)+ .722(111)
; raf = 8.09