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Chemistry_Chemical Equilibrium Test_2012

PEMERINTAH PROVINSI BALI


DINAS PENDIDIKAN PEMUDA DAN OLAH RAGA
SMA NEGERI BALI MANDARA (SAMPOERNA ACADEMY)
Jl. Air Sanih, Desa Kubutambahan, Kec. Kubutambahan, Kab. Buleleng 81172 Bali Telp.(0362) 3435051 Fax. (0362) 3435052

CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM TEST

Subject : Chemistry
Class : XI
Date : Friday, 17 November 2017
Time : 09.00-10.30
Questions : 20 Multiple Choice, 3 Essay

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST


1. Write your identity before hand on the answer sheet provided.
2. Write in soft ballpoint.
3. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
4. Write your name, class and candidate number on the Answer Sheet in the
spaces provided unless this has been done for you.
5. Check and read the questions before you answer.
6. Please report to the supervisor if there are posts that are less obvious, is damaged
or the amount of matter less.
7. Answer question that you think is easy first.
8. Check your answers before being turned over to the Supervisor.
9. There are twenty three questions on this paper. Answer all questions. The
questions are consist twenty multiple choice and three essay questions. For
multiple choice questions, each question there are four possible answers A, B, C,
D or E.
10. Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in Ballpoint on the
separate Answer Sheet.
11. Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefully.

Good Luck!!! By I Wayan Madiya, M.Pd |1


Chemistry_Chemical Equilibrium Test_2012

A. Multiple Choice 6. Between factors that shift equilibrium


1. A reaction is in equilibrium if . PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) PCl5(g) to the PCl5
A. reaction to the left and to the right is is.
stop A. decrease system temperature
B. mole of reactant equal to the mol B. adding catalyze to the system
of the product C. decrease system volume
C. rate to the left equal to the right D. decrease PCl3 concentration
D. volume of reactant equal to the E. adding PCl5 concentration
volume of product
E. reactant concentration equal to 7. Formation sulfuric acid by contact
product concentration process is exothermic. To obtain optimal
result, is should be done by .
2. In equilibrium system A. low temperature, high pressure, and
PCl5(s) PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) adding catalyze
If in the constant temperature and the B. high temperature, Low pressure,
volume is decrease, the most possible and adding catalyze
expression is. C. low temperature, Low pressure, and
A. equilibrium shift to the left adding catalyze
B. amount of PCl3 decrease D. low temperature, Low pressure,
C. amount of Cl2 decrease dont add catalyze
D. amount of PCl5 doesnt change E. high temperature, Low pressure,
E. amount of PCl5 increase dont add catalyze Commented [A1]: MENURUT AZAS LE CHATELIER BILA
VOLUME SISTEM DAKL KESETIMBANGAN DIERBESAR MAKA
3. Equilibrium system which doesnt shift if 8. Reaction equation in formation H2SO4 PERGESERAN AKAN BERGERAK KE KOEFISIEN YG LEBIH
the volume is increased is. by contact process BESAR JUGA SEBALIKNYA

A. N2(g) + 3H2(g ) 2NH3(g) SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g) H = -782 kJ


B. PCl5(g) PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) Factors that can be arranged to obtain
optimum H2SO4 is.
C. CO(g) + H2O(g) CO2(g) + H2(g)
A. increasing pressure
D. N2O4(g) 2NO2(g) B. increasing Volume
E. 2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g) C. increasing temperature
D. adding catalyze
4. Known in equilibrium system E. increasing Volume SO3
2A2B3(g) + B2(g) 4AB2(g) H = +x kJ
For the shifting undergo to the right, we 9. In formation of commercial sulfuric acid
can. in oxidation process
A. add catalyze SO2(g) + O2(g) SO3(g)
B. increasing system temperature Catalyze that can be used.
C. increasing pressure A. NO3
D. decreasing Volume B. NO2
E. decreasing B2 concentration C. NO Commented [A2]: JIKA DELTA H + = ENDOTERM
D. N2O DI RUAS KANAN REAKSI ENDOTERM DI RUAS KIRI
5. In equilibrium E. V2O5
EKSOTERM MAKA SAAT PENINGKATAN SUHU REAKSI AKAN
2SO3(g) 2SO2(g)+O2(g) H=+380 kJ/mol BERGESER KE REAKSI ENDO DI KANAN
PADA DELTA h =- EKSOTERM TERJADI SEBALIKNYA
To shift reaction to the left, beside by 10. In equilibrium system
decreasing temperature, CO + H2O CO2 + H2 K = 0,80 Reaksi endoterm adalah reaksi yang memerlukan
concentration. To form 4 mole of H2 per liter from 6 energi atau menyerap energi dari lingkungan
A. SO3 constant mole H2O per liter, amount of CO gas
ketikareaksi terjadi. Umumnya reaksi ini menghasilkan
suhu dingin
B. SO3 increase which added.
C. SO2 and O2 constant A. 20 mol/L D. 12 mol/L
D. SO2 constant B. 16 mol/L E. 10 mol/L Commented [A3]: JIKA DLM SISTEM konsentrasi
E. O2 increase C. 14 mol/L diperbesar maka akan bergeser ke arah komponen yg
konsertrasinya diperbesar jika konsentrasi diperkecil maka
bergeser ke arah komponen yg konsentrasinya diperkecil

Good Luck!!! By I Wayan Madiya, M.Pd |2


Chemistry_Chemical Equilibrium Test_2012

11. Look at the reaction 16. In a vassal N2O4 gas is dissociated 50%
CO + H2O CO2 + H2 into NO2 gas, so mixture of gases
If the initial [CO] = 0.1 mol/L and [H2O] become total pressure 6 atm. Value of
= 0.1 mol/L and Kc = 9.0 so CO which Kp is.
react is. A. 1 D. 16
A. 0.0075 mol/L B. 2 E. 20
B. 0.0175 mol/L C. 8
C. 0.0275 mol/L
D. 0.0350 mol/L 17. In 5 liter of vassel, is entered 3 mol HI
E. 0.0750 mol/L gas and the gas reach its equilibrium in
certain temperature. If in the
12. In close system, ammonium chloride temperature there is 1 mol of I2, so the
heated in 2000C and dissociated value of equilibrium constant is .
NH4Cl(s) NH3(g) + HCl (g) A. 0.1 D. 0.3
If in the temperature Kp = a (pressure in B. 1.0 E. 0.2
atm), so the total pressure in the system C. 2.0
is (in atm) .
A. 2a D. a 18. Consider the reaction:
B. a E. 2 a 2N2O(g) + N2H4(g) 3N2(g) + 2H2O(g). If
C. a2 0.1 mol N2H4 and 0.1 mol N2O mixed in
a volume of 10 liters and allowed to
13. If sodium bicarbonate is heated base
reach equilibrium, it turns out that x
on the following reaction
moles of N2O has reacted. So the
2NaHCO3(g) Na2CO3(g) + H2O(g)
+ CO2(g) concentration of N2 in equilibrium is ....
The total pressure in the equilibrium is 5 A. 0.10 x mol/L
atm. Kp is. B. 0.15 x mol/L
A. 5 D. 12.5 C. 10 x mol/L
B. 6.25 E. 25 D. x mol/L
C. 10 E. 0.67 x mol/L

14. Look at the equilibrium 19. On heating 1 mol SO3 gas in a space
N2O4(g) 2NO2(g) whose volume is 10 liters of O2 gas
If N2O4 reach equilibrium in certain gained 0.25 mol. In such circumstances
temperature, and in this state the the equilibrium constant Kc is ....
amount of mol N2O4 equal to mol NO2
dissociation constant N2O4 is. A. 0.01 D. 10.00
1 2 B. 0.05 E. 20.00
A. D. C. 0.025
4 3
1 3
B. E. 20. Five moles of ammonia gas is put into
3 4
1 container 3 L and left dissociate based
C.
2 on the reaction:
2NH3(g) N2(g) + 3H2(g). After
15. Equilibrium system
equilibrium is reached, 40% of the
2HI (g) H2(g) + I 2(g)
ammoniais dissociated and causes the
If 0.1 mol HI gas is entered to the 1 L of
vassal and heated in 1000C form 0.02 total pressure as 3.5 atm. The value of
mol I2 gas. In equilibrium dissociation Kp of the reaction is ....
constant is . A. 0.50 atm D. 1.50 atm
A. 0.1 D. 0.4 B. 0.75 atm E. 2.00 atm
B. 0.2 E. 0.5 C. 1.00 atm
C. 0.3

Good Luck!!! By I Wayan Madiya, M.Pd |3


Chemistry_Chemical Equilibrium Test_2012

A. Essay

1. Hydrogen can be made by reacting


steam with coke at hig temperature:
C(s) + H2O(g) CO(g) + H2(g)
3. Please you make the examples
H=+131kJmol-1(AS/A Level)
(three examples) and reactions of:
a) The reaction was allowed to reach
(i) processes in human body which
equilibrium at a temperature T and
involve chemical equilibrium (6
at a pressure of 1.2 atm. It was found
that 10% of the steam was marks)?
converted into carbon monoxide (ii) processes in industries which
and hydrogen. involve chemical equilibrium (6
(i) Write the expretion for Kp? (1 marks)?
mark) (Total : 18 marks)
(ii) Calculate the value of Kp at this
temperature (to two significant
figures). Include the units in your
answer? (6 marks)
b) State and explain the effect on the
equilibrium constant, Kp, and hence
on the equilibrium yield of hydrogen
of:
(i) Increasing the pressure to 2.4 atm
(4 marks)
(ii) Increasing the temperature (3
marks)
c) Suggest why a temperature of
20000C is not used (2 mark)

(Total : 16 marks)

2. CO2(g) + H2(g) CO(g) + H2O(g)


H =41,2 kJ
What is the direction of the equilibrium
shift if:
a)T and P are constant, H2 gas is
increased, and what is the influence
to CO2 gas? (4 marks)
b) T and P are constant, water vapor
H2O(g) is decreased, and what is the
influence to CO gas? (4 marks)
c) If T is constant, pressure is increased,
what is the influence to CO gas? (4
marks)
d) If V is constant, temperature is
increased, what is the influence to H2
gas? (4 marks)
(Total : 16 marks)

Good Luck!!! By I Wayan Madiya, M.Pd |4


Chemistry_Chemical Equilibrium Test_2012

PEMERINTAH PROVINSI BALI


DINAS PENDIDIKAN PEMUDA DAN OLAH RAGA
SMA NEGERI BALI MANDARA (SAMPOERNA ACADEMY)
Jl. Air Sanih, Desa Kubutambahan, Kec. Kubutambahan, Kab. Buleleng 81172 Bali Telp.(0362) 3435051 Fax. .(0362) 3435052

ANSWER SHEET

Name :
Class :
No :
No Option No Option
1. A B C D E 11 A B C D E
2. A B C D E 12 A B C D E
3. A B C D E 13 A B C D E
4. A B C D E 14 A B C D E
5. A B C D E 15 A B C D E
6. A B C D E 16 A B C D E
7. A B C D E 17 A B C D E
8. A B C D E 18 A B C D E
9. A B C D E 19 A B C D E
10. A B C D E 20 A B C D E

Essay:

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Chemistry_Chemical Equilibrium Test_2012

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Chemistry_Chemical Equilibrium Test_2012

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