You are on page 1of 11

1

Indices and standard form


1. Indices
Index


Base
2. First law
= (*)
3. Second law

= = (-)

Exercise 2E
2

4. Zero law
=
Exercise 2F

5. Third law
(Am)n = AmxAm.n times =Amn
Exercise 2G
3

Exercise 2H

6. Fourth law
(a x b)n = an x bn

Exercise 2I
4

7. Fifth law

( ) =

Exercise 2J

8. Negative indices

a-n = ;

Exercise 2K
5

9. Fractional indices



= ; a and n 0
Example


= = 3
Note

x =a

= a


= ; a, m and n (n 0)

Exercise 2L
6

10. Solving Equations involving indices


Ex.
b4 = 81 , find the value of b 9u = 34, find the value of u

6
2m = 32, find the value of m 7 =3, find the value of a

8
4n = , find the value of n a-2 = 4, find the value of a
9

Exercise 2M
7

Exercise 2M (continuous)
8

11. Standard form and power of 10


Express the following number in standard from
25600 65000 7500000

36.2 10000 7.35

0.008 0.0000045 0.0000034

Express the following number which are in standard from as an integer or a decimal.
6.34 x 105 5.34 x 104 3.45 x 102

Ex 2N
9

Chapter 3
Pythagoras Theorem and Trigonometry

1 Pythagorass Theorem

c
a

Exercise 3A
10

Exercise 3A (Continues)
11

2. Applications of Pythagorass Theorem


Exercise 3B