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SECTION 15070

MECHANICAL SOUND, VIBRATION, AND SEISMIC CONTROL

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.01 DESCRIPTION

A. General:
1. Furnish all labour, materials, tools, equipment, and services for all mechanical sound,
vibration & seismic control as indicated, in accord with provisions of Contract
Documents.
2. Completely coordinate with work of all other trades.
3. Although such work is not specifically indicated, furnish and install all supplementary
or miscellaneous items, appurtenances and devices incidental to or necessary for a
sound secure and complete installation.
4. See Division 1, for General Requirements.

B. Description of systems:
1. Vibration isolators and hangers.
2. Bases and rails.
3. Flexible pipe connectors.
4. Isolation pads.

C. Related sections:
1. Section 15050, Mechanical Requirements.
2. Section 15060, ,Hangers and Supports.
3. Section 15300, Fire Protection piping.
4. Section 15130, Pumps.
5. Section 15810, Duct.
6. Section 15820, Duct Accessories.
7. Section 15830, Fans.
8. Section 15720, Air Handling Units.

1.02 QUALITY ASSURANCE

Comply with ASHRAE, ASTM and AASHO standards.

1.03 SUBMITTALS (See Section 01330)

A. Shop drawings:
1. Equipment items specified.
2. Spring isolators:
a. Spring diameter.
b. Deflection.
c. Compressed spring height.

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d. Solid spring height.
e. Point location of each isolator.
f. Calculated load at each point.
g. Field static deflection.
h. Calculated horizontal loading and bolt requirements.
i. Indicate bases and rail clearance of 25 mm.

B. Contract closeout information:


1. Operating and maintenance data.
2. Guarantees.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2.01 GENERAL

A. Provide piping and equipment isolation systems as specified and as indicated on drawings.
B. Select vibration isolators in accordance with weight distribution to produce reasonably
uniform deflection.

C. Provide vibration isolation equipment including mountings, hangers, structural steel bases,
welded concrete pouring forms and flexible pipe connectors from a single manufacturer of
vibration isolation equipment.

D. Coat vibration isolation systems exposed to moisture and an outdoor environment as


follows:
1. Steel parts to be hot dipped galvanized.
2. Bolts to be cadmium plated.
3. Springs to be cadmium plated and neoprene coated.

2.02 VIBRATION ISOLATORS AND HANGERS

A. Equipment mounting isolators:


1. Type 1 isolators: Double deflection neoprene mountings.
a. Minimum static deflection 9 mm.
b. Steel top plate and base plate completely embedded in colour coded
neoprene stock.
c. Friction pads both top and bottom to eliminate need for bolting.
d. Where bolting is required, provide bolt holes in base plate and tapped holes
in top plate.
2. Type 2 isolators: Spring type.
a. Freestanding and laterally stable without housings, snubbers or guides.
b. Provide 6 mm neoprene acoustical friction pads between baseplate and
support.
c. Provide mounting with levelling bolts that must be rigidly bolted to
equipment.
d. Spring diameter: Not less than 0.8 of compressed height of spring at rated
load.

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e. Spring to have minimum additional travel to solid equal to 50 percent of
rated deflection.
3. Type 3 isolators: Spring type with vertical limit stop.
a. Equal to type 2 isolator except that mountings shall incorporate a resilient
vertical limit stop to prevent spring extension during weight changes.
b. Installed and operating heights to be same.
c. Maintain a minimum clearance of 15 mm around restraining bolts and
between housing and spring soasnottointerfere with spring action.
d. Limit stops to be out of contact during normal operations.
4. Type 4 isolators: Neoprene wafer pads.
a. Durometer or hardness to suit application.
b. Square waffle pattern on 15mm centers.
c. Standard pads thickness 8 mm provide optional pad thickness to suit
application.
d. Provide natural rubber, hycar, butyl, silicone or other elastomers as prior
approved material.
e. Provide type "W" adhesive, both sides, for non- bolted applications.

B. Vibration hangers:
1. Type 5 isolators: Steel spring type hanger.
a. Steel spring and 8 mm deflection neoprene element in series.
b. Neoprene element to be moulded with a rod isolation bushing that passes
through hanger box.
c. Springs to have a minimum additional travel to solid equal to 50 percent of
rated deflection.
d. Spring diameters and hanger box lower hole sizes shall be large enough to
permit hanger rod to swing thru a 30 ree arc before contacting hole and
short circuiting spring.
2. Type 6 isolators: Precompressed steel spring type hanger.
a. Equal to type 5 except spring is precompressed to rated deflection so piping
or equipment are main- tained at a fixed elevation during installation.
b. Provide a release mechanism to free spring after installation is completed
and hanger is subjected to its full load.
3. Type 7 isolators: Steel spring in neoprene cup type hanger.
a. Steel spring located in a neoprene cup manufactured with a grommet to
prevent short circuiting of hanger rod.
b. Provide steel washer in cup to properly distribute load on neoprene and
prevent its extrusion.
c. Spring diameters and hanger box lower hole sizes shall be large enough to
permit hanger rod to swing through a 30 ree arc before contacting hole and
short circuiting spring.
d. Spring to have a minimum additional travel to solid equal to 50 percent of
rated deflection.
e. Provide an eye bolt on spring end and provision to attach housing to flat iron
duct straps.
4. Type 8 isolators: Double deflection neoprene type hanger.
a. Minimum static deflection 10 mm.

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b. Elements to be colour coded neoprene stock for easy identification of rated
load capacity.
c. Provide hanger for direct attachment to flat iron duct straps.

2.03 BASES AND RAILS

A. Type A: Integral structural steel base.


1. Rectangle in shape except for equipment which may require "T" or "L" shaped.
2. Pump bases for split case pumps: Provide supports for suction and discharge base
ells.
3. Perimeter members: Beams with a minimum depth equal to 1/10 of longest
dimension of base.
4. Beam depth need not exceed 350 mm provided that deflection and misalignment is
kept within acceptable limits as determined by manufacturer.
5.. Provide height saving brackets in mounting locations to provide a base clearance of
25 mm.

B. Type B: Steel rail.


1. Provide steel members welded to height saving brackets to cradle equipment having
legs or bases that do not require a complete supplementary base.
2. Members must be sufficiently rigid to prevent strains in equipment.

C. Type C: Structural steel and concrete base.


1. Rectangular structural beam or channel concrete forms for floating foundations.
2. Minimum base depth: 1/12 of longest dimension of base, but not less than 150 mm.
3. Base depth need not exceed 300 mm unless specially recommended by base
manufacturer for mass or rigidity.
4. Bases for split case pumps: Large enough to provide support for suction and
discharge base ells.
5. Provide minimum concrete reinforcement consisting of 15 mm bars or angles welded
in place on 150 mm centers running both ways in a layer 40 mm above bottom, or
additional steel as required by structural conditions.
6. Provide steel members to hold anchor-bolt sleeves when anchor bolts fall in
concrete locations.
7. Provide height saving brackets in mounting locations to maintain a 25 mm clearance
below base.

D. Type D: Curb mounted base.


1. Factory assembled isolation base that fits over roof curb and under isolated
equipment.
2. Provide extruded aluminum top member to overlap bottom member to provide
water run off independent of seal.
3. Provide cadmium plated spring with a 25 mm minimum deflection with 50 percent
additional travel to solid.
4. Spring diameter: Not less than 0.8 of spring height at rated load.
5. Provide resilient snubbers in corners with minimum clearance of 6 mm for wind
resistance.

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6. Provide a weather seal of continuous closed cell sponge material both above and
below base and a waterproof flexible duct connection joining outside perimeter of
aluminum members.
7. Foam or other contact seals are not acceptable at spring cavity closure.

2.04 ISOLATION PADS

A. Isolation pads: Type IP1, field assembled for equipment mounting.


1. Construction: 100 mm thick, 21000 KPa concrete pad poured over a 100 mm thick
precompressed glass fiber isolation pad.
2. Glass fiber pads:
a. Inorganic inert material with loading capacity up to 3500 KPa.
b. Covered with an elastomeric coating to increase vibration dampening and to
protect media.
3. Concrete caps:
a. 1 SQ.M in area or le ss: Reinforced with 150 mm x 150 mm x 150 mm x
150 mm mesh.
b. Larger than 1 SQ.M in area: Reinforced with No.4 reban 300 mm OC each
way.
4. Provide concrete caps with bevelled edges.

B. Isolation pads: Type IP2, field assembled equipment isolation bases.


1. Isolation bases: Field assembled concrete pads provided by general contractor. See
Division 3 and structural drawings.
2. Provide isolation bases with an isolation joint to isolate pad from floor slab. See
Division 3.
3. Make isolation bases larger each way than equipment mounting base or skid, and
size in accordance with approved equipment shop drawings.
4. Make isolation bases minimum 350 mm thick with top of pad 100 mm above
finished floor slab.
5. Reinforce isolation bases as indicated in specifications and drawings.
6. Type IP2 isolation pads provided by General Contractor and Coordinated by
Mechanical work.

2.05 FLEXIBLE PIPE CONNECTORS

A. Flexible pipe connectors: Type FPC, neoprene type.


1. Multiple plys of nylon tire cord fabric and neoprene.
2. Do not use steel wire or rings as pressure reinforcement.
3. Connectors 50 mm diameter or less: Threaded or flanged ends.
4. Connectors 65 mm diamter or larger: Floating galvanized steel flanges.
5. Minimum pressure rating 1050 KPa at 104 DEGC

B. Flexible pipe hoses: Type FPH, stainless steel type.


1. Stainless steel braid and carbon steel fittings.
2. Sizes 75 mm larger: Flanged.

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3. Sizes 65 mm and less: Male nipples.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.01 VIBRATION CONTROL

A. Install vibration control equipment in accordance with manufacturers installation instructions


and as specified.
B. Vibration control equipment shall be selected as specified and sized in accordance with
weight distribution, pull or torque imposed by shop drawing approved equipment being
isolated. Minimum static deflections may be revised subject to prior approval.

C. Provide revised vibration control equipment to match revised or substituted equipment.

3.02 VIBRATION ISOLATORS

A. Use type 1 isolators for equipment mounted on floors other than grade supported floor
slabs. Utility fans, 5 HP or less.

B. Use type 2 isolators for equipment mounted on every floor.


1. Utility fans, 7-1/2 HP and larger.
2. SWSI and DWDI blowers.
3. Vane axial type fans.
4. Minimum static deflections 20 mm.

C. Use type 2 isolators for equipment mounted on floors other than grade supported floor
slabs.
1. Pumps, 30 HP and larger.
2. Minimum static deflections 40 mm.

D. Use type 4 isolation pads for equipment mounted on grade supported floor slabs.
1. Utility fans, 5 HP or less.
2. Minimum static deflections 8 mm.

E. Use type 5 vibration hangers for suspended equipment.


1. Individual runs of piping 75 mm and smaller.
2. Inline fans, 3 HP and smaller.
3. Inline pumps, 2 HP and smaller.
4. Minimum static deflection 20 mm

F. Use type 6 vibration hangers for suspended equipment.


1. Trapeze type pipe hangers.

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2. Individual runs of piping 100 mm through 150 mm
3. Inline fans, 5 HP through 7 - HP.
4. Inline pumps, 7- HP and larger.
5. Minimum static deflection 65 mm.

G. Use type 6 or type 7 vibration hangers for suspended equipment.


1. Trapeze type pipe hangers.
2. Individual runs or piping 200 mm and larger.
3. Inline fans, 10 HP and larger.
4. Inline pumps, 7-1/2 HP and larger.
5. Minimum static deflections 65 mm.

H. Use type 8 vibration hangers for suspended equipment.


1. Inline fans 1/2 HP or smaller.
2. Fan coil units 1/2 HP or smaller.
3. Utility fans 1/2 HP or smaller.
4. Minimum static deflection 10 mm

3.03 ISOLATION PADS

A. Use type IP1 isolation pads for equipment mounted on floors other than grade supported
floor slabs. Base mounted pumps, 25 HP and less.

3.04 FLEXIBLE PIPE CONNECTIONS

A. Use type FPC flexible connectors in piping systems.


1. Pump suction and discharge. Exception: When 2 or more mechanical grooved pipe
couplings are used at each pump suction or discharge side.
2. Building expansion joints.

B. Use type FPH flexible hose in piping system. Fuel oil pump suction and discharge piping.

C. Install flexible pipe connections and flexible hoses on equipment side of equipment isolation
valves.

D. Provide flexible connectors and flexible hose to suit application. Indicate specific
applications on shop drawings.

3.05 HORIZONTAL PIPE ISOLATION

A. First 3 pipe hangers in main lines near mechanical equipment shall be type 8 isolators.

B. Horizontal runs in other locations throughout building shall be isolated by type 7 isolators.

C. Floor supported piping shall rest on type 3 isolators.

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D. Type 7 isolators or first 3 type 8 mounts as noted above will have same static deflection as
specified for mountings under connected equipment.

E. If piping is connected to equipment located in basements and hangs from ceiling under
occupied spaces, first 3 hangers shall have 20 mm deflection for pipe sizes up to and
including 75 mm and 65 mm deflection for pipe sizes up to and including 150 mm.

F. Other hangers and mounts will have a minimum steel spring deflection of 20 mm.

G. Locate hangers as close to overhead supports as practical.

END OF SECTION

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