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Content Standards: The learner demonstrates understanding of: Philippine literature in the Period of Emergence as a tool to assert ones identity;
strategies in listening to and viewing of informative and short narrative texts; word relationships and associations; informative speech forms; and
use of direct/reported speech, passive/ active voice, simple past and past perfect tenses, and sentence connectors.

Performance Standards: The learner transfers learning by: showing ways of asserting ones identity; comprehending informative and short
narrative texts using schema and appropriate listening and viewing strategies; expressing ideas, opinions, and feelings through various formats; and
enriching written and spoken communication using direct/reported speech, active/passive voice, simple past and past perfect tenses and
connectors correctly and appropriately.

Day 2
EN7G-III-c-2: Use the passive and active voice meaningfully in varied contexts
a. Differentiate active and passive voice;
b. Identify the voice of the verb in each sentence;
c. Rewrite the sentence changing the voice from active to passive voice;
d. Appreciate the lesson by showing active participation of the students towards the lesson.
Active and Passive Voice
A. References: English 7 Curriculum Guide
Moving Ahead in English p 197-199
B. Materials: slide presentation, jigsaw puzzle, chalk and show me board

IV. PROCEDURES (Constructivism, Integrative, and Inquiry-based)

Teachers Activity Students Activity

A. Reviewing Previous Review of Subject + Verb + Object
Lesson or Presenting sentence structure.
the New-Lesson - Last time, we already discussed - Yes, sir!
the subject + verb + object
sentence structure. (The students will give their
- Once again, what is subject? understanding about subject, verb,
- What is verb? and object.)
- How about the object?
- Now, lets have example. Youre - Sir, I know the answer, Xander
going to construct a sentence Ford likes English.
following S-V-O structure out of
these pictures:

- Nice sentence! Good!

- Take a look at the sentence given
by your classmate:
Xander Ford likes English.
- What is the subject in the - Xander is the subject.
sentence? Verb? Object? - Likes is the verb.
- Excellent! - English is the object.
- So that sentence follows S-V-O - Yes, sir!

- Now, read through the sentences - Ok, sir!

and choose the correct subject +
verb + object sentence structure.
Write the letter of your answer on
your show me board.
A. Do you every day listen to music?
B. Do you music listen to every day? - A
C. Do you listen to music every day?

A. Left everyone the party early.

B. Everyone left the party early.
C. The party everyone left early. - B

A. Home she drives after work.

B. She home drives after work
C. She drives home after work. - C

- So, is there any question

regarding our past lesson? - None, sir!

B. Establishing a Jigsaw Puzzle

Purpose for the - Each group will be given puzzle - (The students will solve the jigsaw
lesson pieces and they will be given five puzzle.)
minutes to put together the
pieces correctly.

- Let the students see the puzzle

pictures & then ask them the
following questions:

- What is the girl doing? (Instruct the students to write their

- What is the man doing? answers on their show me board.)
- What happened to the fish?
- What happened to the wood?

C. Presenting - Let us read the sentences that you

Examples/Instances constructed.
of the Lesson The girl reads a book.
The man delivers the food.
The fish was caught by the boy.
The wood was axed by the man.

- Analyze the first sentence. What - Sir, the elements that compose
are the elements that compose the the sentence are subject, verb,
sentence? and object.
- Which is the subject? - The subject is girl.
- Which is the verb? - Reads is the verb.
- How about the object? What does - Sir, book!
the girl read?

(The teacher will repeat the process

up to the last sentence.)
- Using your examples, let us dig
deeper on how it relates to the
topic for today.

D. Discussing New Discuss the following points:

Concepts and Voice is the quality of the verb
Practicing New Skills that tells whether the subject is
#1 the doer or the receiver of the
Two Voices of Verb:
1. Active Voice
2. Passive Voice

- So if we will classify these - The first sentence is an active

sentences if in active or passive voice sentence.
voice, the first sentence falls
under what voice?

- Are you sure? - Yes Sir.

- How about the second sentence? - The second sentence is also an

active voice sentence.
- You are correct! The first two
sentences are both in the active

- Base from the given examples, - Active voice is used to indicate

who would like to define an active that the subject of the sentence
voice? is the doer of the action.

- How about the passive voice? - Passive voice is used to indicate

that the subject is acted upon by
the verb.

(Show the students more examples

and ask them to analyze which
sentences are in the active voice and
which are in the passive voice.)
The mother carries the baby. - Active!
The baby is carried by the mother. - Passive!
Father repaired the old table.
The old table was repaired by - Active!
father. - Passive!
Jenny will explore the famous
underground river. - Active!
The famous underground river will
be explored by Jenny. - Passive!

- What have you observed in our - Sir! I think we can change or

sentences? transform active voice to
passive voice or vice versa.
- Okay, very well! How can we do
E. Discussing New - Based from the examples given, - How is that sir?
Concepts and how can we change sentence in
Practicing New Skills active voice to passive voice?
#2 The mother carries the baby.

Father repaired the old table.

Jenny will explore the famous underground


- To change the sentence from

active to passive, we just make
the direct object the subject of
the sentence and the subject or
the doer is placed with the by-
phrase. The verb is written in this
format: be verb + past participle
of the main verb.
Present is/are + past participle of the verb
Past was/were + past participle of the verb
Future will be/shall be + past participle of the verb

- Therefore, lets change the given

examples to passive voice.
- Ok, sir!
The baby is carried by the mother.
The old table was repaired by father.
The famous underground river will be explored by

F. Developing Mastery (The teacher will give more examples

of sentences in active voice.)
Rewrite each sentence in active voice
to passive voice on your show me
- Kara interviewed the school - The school president was
president. interviewed by Kara.
- The boss will make the decision. - The decision will be made by the
- The mailman delivered the boss.
package. - The package was delivered by the
- Many people admire Jose Rizal. mailman.
- Jose Rizal is admired by many
G. Finding Practical Play:
Applications and Read the Active : Pass the Passive
Concepts and Skills in Pass the Message
Daily Living - You will be grouped into three.
The members of each group
should line up and the first
member from each group will be
given 5 seconds to read and
memorize the sentence with verb
in action voice. As I say go, they
must pass the message to their
other members until the
message/sentence reached the
last member who will then
change the voice of verb into
passive and the first one who will
be able to write it on the show
me board and raise it will gain
one point.
- First to make three points will
win the game.
- Is that clear, class? - Yes, Sir!

H. Making - Have you learned something? - Sir, theres a lot of new thing
Generalizations and wed gained from todays lesson.
Abstractions about
the lesson - Can you cite the general idea of - Today, we had the voices of the
todays lesson? verb- active voice and passive
voice. In the active voice, the
subject performs the action
expressed and the focus is on the
agent that does the action. In the
passive voice the subject receives
the action expressed in the verb.
The object of the active sentence
becomes the subject of the
passive sentence. We use a
passive verb to say what happens
to the subject. The focus of the
sentence is on the subject that
receives the action.

- How will you change the passive - In changing a sentence from

from active to passive voice? active to passive, the direct
objects becomes the subjects or
doer in the by- phrase.
I. Evaluating Learning Rewrite each sentence in active voice
to passive voice.
1. Tricia collected the shells. 1. The shells were collected by
2. Aila shall coordinate a meeting. Tricia.
3. The doctor examined the patient. 2. A meeting shall be coordinated by
4. The children baked cookies. Aila.
5. Jobel prepared the refreshments. 3. The patient was examined by the
4. Cookies were baked by the
5. The refreshments were prepared
by Jobel.
J. Additional Activities Find examples of sentence in active
for Application or and passive voice from different
Remediation types of publications, such as
newspapers, magazines, web sites,
and text books.

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