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Malvino Chapter 23 MCQ With Answers d.

Wheatstone bridge
Malvino Chapter 23

10. To vary the frequency of a Wien bridge, you can vary

1 . An oscillator always needs an amplifier with a. One resistor
a. Positive feedback b. Two resistors
b. Negative feedback c. Three resistors
c. Both types of feedback d. One capacitor
d. An LC tank circuit

2. The voltage that starts an oscillator is caused by 11. The phase-shift oscillator usually has
a. Ripple from the power supply a. Two lead or lag circuits
b. Noise voltage in resistors b. Three lead or fag circuits
c. The input signal from a generator c. A lead-lag circuit
d. Positive feedback d. A twin-T filter

3. The Wien-bridge oscillator is useful

a. At low frequencies 12. For oscillations to start in a circuit, the loop gain must be
b. At high frequencies greater than 1 when the phase shift around the loop is
c. With LC tank circuits a. 90 degrees
d. At small input signals b. 180 degrees
c. 270 degrees
4. A lag circuit has a phase angle that is d. 360 degrees
a. Between 0 and +90 degrees
b. Greater than 90 degrees
c. Between 0 and -90 degrees 13. The most widely used LC oscillator is the
d. The same as the input voltage a. Armstrong
b. Clapp
5. A coupling circuit is a C. Colpitts
a. Lag circuit d. Hartley
b. Lead circuit
c. Lead-lag circuit
d. Resonant circuit 14. Heavy feedback in an LC oscillator
a. Prevents the circuit from starting
6. A lead circuit has a phase angle that is b. Causes saturation and cutoff
a. Between 0 and +90 degrees c. Produces maximum output voltage
b. Greater than 90 degrees d. Means B is small
c. Between 0 and -90 degrees
d. The same as the input voltage
15. When Q decreases in a Colpitts oscillator, the frequency of
7. A Wien-bridge oscillator uses oscillation
a. Positive feedback a. Decreases
b. Negative feedback b. Remains the same
c. Both types of feedback c. Increases
d. An LC tank circuit d. Becomes erratic

16. Link coupling refers to

8. Initially, the loop gain of a Wien-bridge oscillator is a. Capacitive coupling
b. Transformer coupling
a. 0 c. Resistive coupling
b. 1 d. Power coupling
c. Low
d. High
17. The Hartley oscillator uses
9. A Wien bridge is sometimes called a a. Negative feedback
a. Notch filter b. Two inductors
b. Twin-T oscillator c. A tungsten lamp
c. Phase shifter d. A tickler coil
a. Supply voltage increases
18. To vary the frequency of an LC oscillator, you can vary b. Timing resistor decreases
a. One resistor c. UTP decreases
b. Two resistors d. Timing capacitance increases
c. Three resistors
d. One capacitor 27. The output waveform of a 555 timer is
a. sinusoidal
b. triangular
c. rectangular
19. Of the following, the one with the most stable frequency is d. elliptical
a. Armstrong 28. The quantity that remains constant in a pulse-width
b. Clapp modulator is
c. Colpitts a. Pulse width
d. Hartley b. Period
c. Duty cycle
20. The material with the piezoelectric effect is d. Space
a. Quartz
b. Rochelle salts 29. The quantity that remains constant in a pulse-position
c. Tourmaline modulator is
d. All the above a. Pulse width
b. Period
21. Crystals have a very c. Duty cycle
a. Low Q d. Space
b. High Q
c. Small inductance 30. When a PLL is locked on the input frequency, the VCO
d. Large resistance frequency

22. The series and parallel resonant frequencies of a crystal are a. Is less than f0
a. Very close together b. Is greater than f0
b. Very far apart c. Equals f0
c. Equal d. Equals fin
d. Low frequencies
31. The bandwidth of the low-pass filter in a PLL determines
23. The kind of oscillator found in an electronic wristwatch is the
the a. Capture range
a. Armstrong b. Lock range
b. Clapp c. Free-running frequency
c. Colpitts d. Phase difference
d. Quartz crystal

Q1. An oscillator converts

24. A monostable 555 timer has the following number of a. ac. power into d.c. power
stable states: b. dc. power into a.c. power
a. 0 c. mechanical power into a.c. power
b. 1 d. none of the above
c. 2
d. 3 Q2. In an LC transistor oscillator, the active device is
a. LC tank circuit
25. An astable 555 timer has the following number of stable b. Biasing circuit
states: c. Transistor
a. 0 d. None of the above
b. 1
c. 2 Q3. In an LC circuit, when the capacitor is maximum, the
d. 3 inductor energy is .
a. Minimum
26. The pulse width out of a one-shot multivibrator increases b. Maximum
when the
c. Half-way between maximum and minimum c. A change in frequency because of temperature
d. None of the above d. None of the above

Q4. In an LC oscillator, the frequency of oscillator is L Q13. If the crystal frequency changes with temperature, we
or C. say that crystal has .. temperature coefficient
a. Proportional to square of b. Zero
b. Directly proportional to c. Negative
c. Independent of the values of d. None of the above
d. Inversely proportional to square root of
Q14. The crystal oscillator frequency is very stable due to
Q5. An oscillator produces. oscillations . of the crystal
a. Damped a. Rigidity
b. Undamped b. Vibrations
c. Modulated c. Low Q
d. None of the above d. High Q

Q6. An oscillator employs feedback Q15. The application where one would most likely find a
a. Positive crystal oscillator is ..
b. Negative a. Radio receiver
c. Neither positive nor negative b. Radio transmitter
d. Data insufficient c. AF sweep generator
d. None of the above
Q7. An LC oscillator cannot be used to produce
.. frequencies Q16. An oscillator differs from an amplifier because it
a. High a. Has more gain
b. Audio b. Requires no input signal
c. Very low c. Requires no d.c. supply
d. Very high d. Always has the same input

Q8. Hartley oscillator is commonly used in Q17. One condition for oscillation is .
a. Radio receivers a. A phase shift around the feedback loop of 180o
b. Radio transmitters b. A gain around the feedback loop of one-third
c. TV receivers c. A phase shift around the feedback loop of 0o
d. None of the above d. A gain around the feedback loop of less than 1

Q9. In a phase shift oscillator, we use . RC sections Q18. A second condition for oscillations is .
a. Two a. A gain of 1 around the feedback loop
b. Three b. No gain around the feedback loop
c. Four c. The attention of the feedback circuit must be one-third
d. None of the above d. The feedback circuit must be capacitive

Q10. In a phase shift oscillator, the frequency determining Q19. In a certain oscillator Av = 50. The attention of the
elements are feedback circuit must be
a. L and C a. 1
b. R, L and C b. 01
c. R and C c, 10
d. None of the above d. 02

Q11. A Wien bridge oscillator uses . feedback Q20. For an oscillator to properly start, the gain around the
a. Only positive feedback loop must initially be
b. Only negative a. 1
c. Both positive and negative b. Greater than 1
d. None of the above c. Less than 1
d. Equal to attenuation of feedback circuit
Q12. The piezoelectric effect in a crystal is
a. A voltage developed because of mechanical stress Q21. In a Wien-bridge oscillator, if the resistances in the
b. A change in resistance because of temperature positive feedback circuit are decreased, the frequency.
a. Remains the same
b. Decreases
c. Increases
d. Insufficient data

Q22. In Colpitts oscillator, feedback is obtained .

a. By magnetic induction
b. By a tickler coil
c. From the centre of split capacitors
d. None of the above

Q23. The Q of the crystal is of the order of

a. 100
b. 1000
c. 50
d. More than 10,000

Q24. Quartz crystal is most commonly used in crystal

oscillators because .
a. It has superior electrical properties
b. It is easily available
c. It is quite inexpensive
d. None of the above

Q27. .. is a fixed frequency oscillator

a. Phase-shift oscillator
b. Hartely-oscillator
c. Colpitts oscillator
d. Crystal oscillator

Q28. In an LC oscillator, if the value of L is increased four

times, the frequency of oscillations is
a. Increased 2 times
b. Decreased 4 times
c. Increased 4 times
d. Decreased 2 times

Q29. An important limitation of a crystal oscillator is

a. Its low output

b. Its high Q
c. Less availability of quartz crystal
d. Its high output

Q30. The signal generator generally used in the laboratories is

.. oscillator
a. Wien-bridge
b. Hartely
c. Crystal
d. Phase shift