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AANM E R I C ANNA T I O N ASLT A N D A R D

Metric Small Solid Rivets


~ ~~~

ANSI/ASME B18.1.3M - 1983 12 mm Nominal Diameter and Smaller

REAFFIRMED 1995 Government Key Words:


Rivet, Solid, Small - Metric
FOR CURRENT COMMllTEE PERSONNEL
PLEASE SEE ASME MANUAL AS-1 1

REAFFIRMED 2001
FOR CURRENT COMMITTEE PERSONNEL
PLEASE E-MAIL CS@asme.org

SPONSOREDANDPUBLISHED BY

T H EA M E R I C A NS O C I E T Y OF M E C H A N I C A LE N G I N E E R S
United
Engineering Center 345 East 47th Street New York, N.Y. 10017
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Date of Issuance: March 31, 1984

This Standard will be revised when the Society approves the issuance of a new edition. There will
be no addenda or written interpretations of the requirements of this Standard issued to this Edition.

Thiscode or standard was developedunderproceduresaccredited as meetingthecriteriafor


American National Standards. The Consensus Committee that approved the code or standard was
balanced t o assure that individuals from competent and concerned interests have had an opportunity
t o participate. The proposed code or standard was made available for public review and comment
which provides an opportunity for additional public input f r o m industry, academia, regulatory agen-
cies, and the public-at-large.
ASME does n o t "approve,''"rate," or "endorse" any item, construction, proprietan/ device, or
activity.
ASME does n o t take any position with respect t o the validity of any patent rights asserted in
connection with any items mentioned in this document, and does not undertake t o insure anyone
utilizing a standard against liability for infringement of any applicable Letters Patent, nor assume any
such liability. Users of a code or standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of
any such patent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, is entirely their own responsibility.
Participation by federal agency representative(s) or person(s) affiliated with industry is not to be
interpreted as government or in,dustry endorsemento f this code or standard.
ASME does not accept any responsibility f o r interpretations of this document made by individual
volunteers.

No partof this document may be reproducedin any form,


in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise
without the prior writtenpermission of the publisher.

Copyright @ 1984 by
THE AMERICAN SOCIETYOF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
A l l Rights Reserved
Printed in U.S.A.
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ERRATA
to
ANSI/ASME B18.1.3M-1983
METRIC SMALL SOLID RIVETS

Page 4, Table 3 - Under Main dimension 12.0 for


Ds Min, correct 12.80 to read 113 0

Page 5, Table 4 -
(1) Under Main dimension 12.0 for Ds Min, correct
12.80 to read 11.80
(2) Under Main dimension 4.0 for Head (DK) Basic (K)
Min, correct 2.35 to read 2.25

M0131E

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS


OCTOBER 1985 345 East 47th Street, New York, N.Y. 10017 M0131E
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FOREWORD

(This Foreword is not a part of ANSVASME 618.1.3M-1983, Metric Small Solid Rivets.)

American National Standards Committee B18 for the standardization of bolts, screws,
nuts, rivets, and similar fastenerswas organized in March 1922 as Sectional CommitteeB18
under the aegis of the American Engineering Standards Committee (later the American
Standards Association, then the United States of America Standards Institute and, as of
October 6, 1969, the American National Standards Institute, Inc.), with the Society of
AutomotiveEngineersandtheAmericanSociety of MechanicalEngineers as joint
sponsors. Subcommittee1 was subsequently established and charged with the responsibility
for technical content of standards covering solid rivets.
At its meetingon December 4,1974, CommitteeB18 authorized preparationof a series of
standards for metric fasteners. Subcommittee1 was assigned responsibility for developing
standards for metric solid rivets.
InFebruary 1978, Committee B18 establishedacooperativeprogramwiththe
Department of Defense to draftAmerican National Standards for metric fasteners in such a
way that they could be used directly by the Government for procurement purposes. The
Department of Defense requested that each productbe covered in separate standards, and
Subcommittee 1 accepted this approach.
This Standardwas approved by letter ballot of Committee B18 on February 4, 1983, and
wassubsequentlyapproved by thesponsorandsubmittedtotheAmericanNational
Standards Institute for designation as an American National Standard. This was on granted
September 8, 1983.

...
111
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ASME STANDARDS COMMITTEE B18
Standardization of Bolts, Nuts, Rivets, Screws, Washers, and Similar Fasteners

OFFICERS
J. B. Levy, Chairman
H. W. Ellison, Vice-chairman E. Schwartz. Vice-chairman
R. McGinnis, Secretary

COMMllTEE PERSONNEL

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERS


E. R . Friesth, Coal Valley, Illinois

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS, THE


K. E. McCullough, SPS Technologies, Jenkintown, Pennsylvania
A. R. Machell, Jr., Webster, New York
C. R . Adams, Alternate, Newport News Shipbuilding& Dry Dock Company, Newport News, Virginia

ENGINE MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION


G . A. Russ, Cummins Engine Company, Columbus, Indiana

FARM & INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT INSTITUTE


D. A. Clever, Deere & Company, Moline, Illinois

HAND TOOLS INSTITUTE


R . B. Wright, Wright Tool Company, Barberton, Ohio

INDUSTRIAL FASTENERS INSTITUTE


R. B. Belford, Industrial Fasteners Institute,Cleveland, Ohio
D. J. Broo,mfield, Illinois Tool Work, Shakeproof Division, Elgin, Illinois
D. A. Garrison, Russell, Burdsall & Ward Corp., Rock Falls, Illinois
R . M. Harris, Bethlehem Steel Corp., Lebanon, Pennsylvania
D. C. Littell, R. M. Formed Product Company, Modulus Division, Mt. Pleasant, Pennsylvania
J. S.Orlando, Bethlehem Steel Corp., Lebanon, Pennsylvania
E. H. Sterling, Paiker Kalon Fastener Division, Campbellsville, Kentucky
J. A. Trilling, Holo-Krome Company, West Hartford, Connecticut
S. W. Vass, Lake Erie Screw Corp., Lakewood, Ohio
D. D. Wheeler, Armco Steel Corp., Kansas City, Missouri
J. C . McMurray, Ahernate, Russell, Burdsall & Ward Corp., Cleveland, Ohio
E. D. Spengler, Alternate, Bethlehem Steel Corp., Lebanon, Pennsylvania

METAL CUTTING TOOL INSTITUTE


D. J. Emanuelli, Greenfield Tap & Die, Greenfield, Massachusetts

NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION


J. B. Levy. General Electric Company, Schenectady, New York
F. F. Weingruber, Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
W. R. Williford, Alternate, National Electrical Manufacturers Association, Washington, D.C.

SOCIETY OF AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERS


H. W . Ellison, General Motors Corp., Warren, Michigan
R. S. Piotrowski, Mack Trucks, Inc., Allentown, Pennsylvania

V
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C . F. Schaening, General Motors Engineering Standards Section, Warren, Michigan
D. VV. Vial, Chrysler Corp., Detroit, Michigan

TELEPIHONE GROUP
T. A . Preston, Western Electric Company, Chicago, Illinois

TUBULAR RIVET & MACHINE INSTITUTE


R . NI. Byrne, Tubular Rivet Machine Institute, Tarrytown, NewYork
J . G. Zeratsky. Nationh! Rivet & Manufacturing Company, Waupun, Wisconsin

U.S. DIEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY


M.E:. Taylor, US. Army ArmamentR & D Command, Dover, New Jersey
A. Herskovitz, ARernate, U.S. Army Armament R & D Command, Dover, New Jersey

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE


E. Schwartz, Defense Industrial SupplyCenter, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
L. Pieninck, Alternate, Defense Industrial Supply Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY


J. H.ass, Department of the Navy, Washington, D.C.
M. I;. Orysh, Ahernate, Department of the Navy, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS
A. R . Breed, Lakewood, Ohio
D. E,. Carroll, Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, Michigan
J. E . Eaton, Jr., IBM Corp., Boulder, Colorado
F. E . Graves, Fairfield, Connecticut
H. G . Muenchinger, Westerly, Rhode Island
J. J.. Naesset, Clark Equipment Company, Battle Creek, Michigan

PER!SONNEL OF SUBCOMMITTEE 1 O N SOLID RIVETS

0 . A. Garrison, Chairman, Russell, Burdsall & Ward, Corp., Rock Falls, Illinois
R. B. IBelford, Industrial Fasteners Institute, Cleveland, Ohio
D. A. Clever, Deere & Company, Moline, Illinois
E. R . Cossairt, Russell, Burdsall & Ward, Corp., Rock Falls, Illinois
G. W. Crawford, Stelco-Brantford Works, Brantford, Ontario, Canada
J. A. Diemer, Champion Commercial Industries, Inc., East Chicago, Indiana
E. S. Ifckles, Brainard Rivet Company, Girard, Ohio
R. M. Harris, Bethlehem Steel Corp., Lebanon, Pennsylvania
A. R . Machell, Jr.. Webster, New York
W. E. Plankey, General Electric Company, Burlington, Vermont
C. F. Schaening, General Motors Corp., Warren, Michigan
C . J. ISchim, Ford Motor Company, Dearborn. Michigan
A. Slowik, Defense Industrial SupplyCenter, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
F. F. Weingruber, Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
J. G. Zeratsky, National Rivet & Manufacturing Company, Waupun, Wisconsin

vi
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CONTENTS

Foreword ................................................................................. ...


111

Standards Committee Roster ................................................................. V

1 Introductory Notes ...................................................................


1.1 Scope ............................................................................
1.2 Comparison with I S 0 Standards .....................................................
1.3
Rivet Diameters ....................................................................
1.4 Rivet Head
Styles ..................................................................
1.5 Dimensions .......................................................................
1.6 Terminology .......................................................................
1.7 Related
Standards ..................................................................
1.8
Referenced Standards ...............................................................
1.9 Designation .......................................................................
1.10 PartNumberingSystem .............................................................
2 General Data .......................................................................... 2
2.1 HeadInformation .................................................................. 2
2.2 Underhead Fillets .................................................................. 2
Length
2.3 ............................................................................ 2
2.4 Straightness ....................................................................... 3
2.5 Points ............................................................................ 3
2.6 MaterialsandMechanicalProperties .................................................. 3
2.7 Finish ............................................................................ 3
2.8 Workmanship ..................................................................... 3
2.9 Marking
Practice ................................................................... 3
2.10 HoleSizes ......................................................................... 3

Tables
1 Rivet Diameters ...................................................................
Toleranceon
2 Length ................................................................
3 DimensionsofFlatHead Rivets ......................................................
4 Dimensions of RoundHead Rivets ...................................................
5 Dimensions of FlatCountersunkHeadRivets ..........................................
6Dimensions of StandardHeaderPoints for MetricSmallSolid Rivets .....................
Recommended
7 Rivet Lengths ........................................................

Appendices
I TablesandFormulasforRivetDimensions ............................................ 9
I1 GovernmentStandardItemsandPartNumberingSystem ................................ 12

vii
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ANSI/ASME B18.1.3M-1983

AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

METRIC SMALL SOLID RIVETS


12 mm Nominal Diameter and Smaller

1 INTRODUCTORYNOTES 1.4 RivetHead Styles


This Standard covers specifications for flat head
1 .I Scope rivets as given in Table 3, round head rivets as given in
1 .I .I This Standard covers complete general and Table 4, and flat90" countersunk head rivets as shown
dimensional data for those types of metric small solid in Table 5.
rivetsrecognizedasAmericanNationalStandard. The proportions for headsof rivets indicated in the
Included is an appendix covering formulas on which respective tables shall be standard; other proportions
dimensional data are based. It shouldbe understood, shall beconsidered special. Wherenonstandard diame-
however, that
where
questions
arise
concerning terrivetsarerequiredforspecialapplications,the
acceptance of a product, the dimensions in the tables proportions of heads and points, if pointed, should
shall govern over recalculation by formula. preferablybebasedontheformulationsgivenin
Appendix I.
1 .I .2The inclusion of dimensional data in this
Standard is notintended
to
imply
that all of the .5 Dimensions
products described are stock production sizes. Consu-
All dimensions in this Standard are given in millime-
mers should consult with manufacturers concerning ters (mm) unless otherwise stated. Symbols specifying
the Of products. For geometric
characteristics are in accordance
Amer-
with
diameter-length combinations, refer to Table 7.
ican National Standard, Dimensioning - and Toleranc-
ing, ANSI Y 14.5.
1 .I.3 Metricsmallsolidrivetspurchasedfor
Government use shall conform to this Standard and
additionally
to
the
requirements
of
Appendix 11. 1.6 Terminology
Fordefinitions of termsrelatingtofastenersor
componentfeaturesthereofusedinthisStandard,
1.2 Comparison With I S 0 Standards
refer toAmericanNationalStandard,Glossaryof
Except for the inclusion of the 9 mm and 1 1 m m
Terms for Mechanical Fasteners, ANSI B18.12.
diameters as nonpreferred sizes and the relegating of
the 1 mm and 1.2 mm to the secondary series, the basic
rivet diameters shown in this Standard are in confor- 1.7 RelatedStandards
mance with the I S 0 Recommendation, Rivet Shank It should be noted that Standards for large rivets,
Diameters, I S 0 R1051-1969Eforsizesuptoand tubular and split rivets, and other related fasteners are
including 12 mm.Atpresent,thereareno IS0 published under separate cover.
Standards for commercial small solid rivets nor are
any contemplated at this time. 1.8 ReferencedStandards
Copies of referencedASTMStandardsmaybe
1.3 RivetDiameters obtained from the American Society for Testing and
The nominal sizes of metric small rivets from1 m m Materials, 19 16 Race Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylva-
through 12 mmare giveninTable 1 andshall be nia 19103.
considered American National Standard. This, how- Copies of referenced SAEStandardsmaybe
ever,doesnotprecludethemanufactureoruse of obtained from the Society of Automotive Engineers,
rivets having other diameters which shall be consid- Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, Pennsyl-
ered special. vania 15096.
I
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,
AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD
METRIC SMALL SOLID RIVETS ANSVASME E18.1.3M-1983

Copies of referenced ANSIStandards may be TABLE 1 RIVETDIAMETERS, mrn


obtainedfromtheAmericanNationalStandards
Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, New York Nominal Diameter

10018, or from The American Society of Mechanical Main Secondary


Engineers, United Engineering Center, 345 East 47th Series Series
Street, New York,, New York 10017.
Copies of referenced IS0 Standards may be
obtainedfromtheAmericanNationalStandards
Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, New York (1-4)
10018.

2.0
I .9 Designatioln
Metric small solid rivets shall be designated by the 2.5 I
following data in the sequence shown: nominal size;
nominal length; product name, including head style;
3.0 I
pointed(whereotherthanplainpoint is desired);
material; and protective finish,if required. See exam-
ples below:

( a ) 6 X 50 Plated Metric Flat Head Rivet,Solid,


Steel, Zinc
( b ) 8 X 25 Pointed, Brass MetricRoundHead
Rivet, Solid

1 .IO Part Numbering System


The Government Part Numbering System for met-
10.0 I
(11 .O)
ric smallsolidrivets is given in Appendix 11. This
system may be wed by any user needing a definitive 12.0
part numbering system. GENERAL NOTE:
Slzes in parentheses ( ) are nonpreferred

2 GENERALDATA

2.1 Head Information 2.1.3Bearing Surface. The bearing surface on


round and flathead rivets shallbe perpendicular to the
2.1.I Head Dlimensions. The headdimensions
axis of the rivet shank within 2".
tabulatedinthe respectivedimensionaltablesare
applicable to rivets produced by thenormal cold
heading process. Tolerances applicable to rivets made 2.2 Underhead Fillets
by thehotheadingorforging processshall be as Rivets shall be furnished with a definite fillet (R)
agreed upon betweenthe manufacturerandpur- under the head. Except for 1,1.2, and I .4 mm sizes, the
chaser. On countersunk heads, the junction of the radius of the fillet shallnot exceed 10% of the
conical bearing surface with the nominalrivet diame- maximum shank diameter or 0.80 mm, whichever is
ter may notbe the same as the actual junction of head smaller.Filletlimitsareshown on product dimen-
with shank, sothe: head height delineating the conical sional tables.
bearing surface is a reference dimension.
2.3 Length
2.1.2Head True Position. The axis of the head
shall be located at true position relative to the axisof 2.3.1 Measurement. The length of rivet shall be
the rivet shank withinatolerancezonehavinga measured, parallel to the axis of the rivet, from the
diameter equivalent to 6% of the specified maximum extreme end to the plane of the bearing surface for
head diameter. rivets having flat bearing surface type heads, and to
2
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AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD
METRIC SMALL SOLID RIVETS ANSI/ASME B18.1.3M-1983

TABLE 2 TOLERANCE ON LENGTH, mm aluminum, or othermaterialshavingpropertiesas

I
agreed
upon
between
the
manufacturer
and
Nominal Nominal Tolerance purchaser.
Rivet Rivet on Length

1
Diameter Diameter Plus
2 . 6 . 3 HardnessTesting. When hardness tests are
1 to3 to 25 incl.
over 25 I 0.50
0.75
required for rivets larger than 4 mm nominal diameter,
they shall be made at the midradiusof a cross section
of the rivet body, one diameter from the end of the
t o 25 incl.
3.5 to 5 from 25 to 5 0 incl. rivet.
over 5 0 Whenhardnesstestsarerequiredforrivetswith
to 25 incl. 0.70 nominal diametersof 4 mm orless, they shall be tested
160t o 75 to 25
from incl. 0.80 in the core at a distance of one diameter from the end
over 75 of the rivet and using an appropriate hardness test
to 75 incl. 0.80
method with hardness readings which will convert to
11 to 12 from 7 5 to 1 5 0 incl. 1.oo the equivalent hardness scale or reading of the refer-
over 1 5 0 1.20 ence standard.
-. -

the top of the head for rivets having countersunk type 2 . 7 Finish
heads. Unless otherwise specified, rivets shall be supplied
with a natural (as annealed processed) finish, unplated
2.3.2 Tolerance on Length. The tolerance on the or uncoated.
length of rivets shall be as shown in Table 2.
2.8 Workmanship
2.3.3 Standard Lengths. Thestandardrivet
Thefinishedrivetsshallbefreefromdefects
diameter-length combinations shall be as depicted in
affecting their serviceability. Bursts or shear bursts at
Table 7.
the periphery of the head shall be acceptable, pro-
vided that if two or more bursts are present, then only
2 . 4 Straightness one may have a width greater than 0.040D, and this
Straightness: the shank of the rivet shall be straight one burst shall not have a width exceeding 0.080D,
within a maximum camber of 0.006 mm/ mmof rivet where D is the actual part diameter. A definition of
length. bursts and shear bursts may be found in SAE Recom-
mended Practice J-1061a (or latest issue).
2 . 5 Points
Unless otherwise specified, rivets shall have plain 2.9 Marking Practice
sheared ends. The end shall be perpendicular within 2" Unless specified on the inquiry or order, the heads
to the axis of the rivet and reasonably flat, sufficient of rivets produced to this Standard are not required to
forthepurposes of drivingthatendsatisfactorily. be identified as being metric series product. Manufac-
Where so specified by the user, rivets having standard turer'sidentificationsymbolandlocationareat
header points as shown in Table 6 shall be furnished. producer'soption.Markingsmay be raised or de-
pressed and shall not be considered part of the head
height.
2.6 Materials and Mechanical
Properties
2 . 1 0 Hole Sizes
2.6.1 Steel. Suitable material for solid steel rivets
Due to the many variables in the application of
is covered by the American Society for Testing and
rivets, such as materials, grip length, sandwich ele-
Materials, ASTM Standard A 3 1, Grade A; or SAE
ments, etc., this Standard does not offer a table of
RecommendedPractice,MechanicalandChemical
recommended hole sizes and tolerances. However, as a
Requirements for Nonthreaded Fasteners, SAE 5430,
guide, the hole size should be from 105% to 108% of
Grade 0.
the nominal rivet diameter, using the lower end of the
2 . 6 . 2 Other Materials.Where so specified, rivets range for short grip lengths and the upper end of the
may alsobe made from corrosion resistant steel, brass, range for long grip lengths.
3
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ANSI/ASME 818.1.3M-1983

a?;
a??

"c'!
?"1

Tc'!
""1
""1

00

00
00
00
00

00
00
00

m m

m m

m m
00
00
00

r
oo

oo
00

o m
00

o m
00

u
m-

-9
m-

4
-
I

4
I
I
I

I
I
n
AN AMERICAN NATIIONAL STANDARD
METRIC SMALL SOLID RIVETS
TABLE 4 DIMENSIONS OF ROUND HEAD RIVETS, mm
Main 1.6 2.0 2.5 3.0 I 1. 4.0 I 5.0 I 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0
-
Secondary (1.4) (1 .O)
1

VI Ds

Max 1.05 1.25 1.45 1.65 2.05 2.55 3.06 3.56 4.06 5.08 6.08 7.19 8.10 9.10 10.12 11.12 12.12
Min 0.95 1.15 1.35 1.55 1.92 2.42 3.40 3.90
2.90 4.88 5.88 6.85 7.85 8.85 9.80 10.80 12.80

Head (DK)
Basic 1.75 2.10 2.45 2.80 3.50 4.38 5.25 6.1 3 7.00 8.75 10.50 12.25 14.00 15.75 17.50 19.25 21 .OO
Max 1.95 2.30 3.05 2.65
3.75 4.63 5.50 6.38 9.03 7.28
10.80 12.55 14.40 16.15 17.95 19.70 21.50
Min 1.55 1.90 2.25 2.55 3.25 4.13 5.00 5.88 8.47 6.72
10.20 11.95 13.60 15.35 17.05 18.80 20.50

Basic (K) 0.60 0.72 0.84 0.96 1.20 1.50 1.80 2.10 2.40 3.00 3.60 4.20 4.80 5.40 6.00 6.60 7.20
Max 0.72 0.84 0.96 1.08 1.32 1.62 1.92 2.25 3.15 3.75
2.55 4.38 4.98 5.58 6.20 6.80 7.40
Min 0.48 0.60 0.72 0.84 1.08 1.38 1.68 1.95 2.35 3.45 4.02
2.85 4.62 5.22 5.80 6.40 7.00 4
E?
RK Approx. 0.94 1.13 1.31 1.50 1.88 2.35 2.81 3.29 3.75 4.69 5.63 6.57 7.50 8.44 9.38 10.32 11.26
2
v)

5
Fillet (R)
Max 0.1 5 0.1 5 0.15 0.20 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.35 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.80
I I
Min 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.10 0.10 , 0.15 0.15 0.1 5 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.40 0.40 0.40
-
(D
GENERAL NOTES: 03
(a) Sizes in parentheses( ) are nonpreferred. w
(b) For additional requirements referto Section 2, General Data

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AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD
METRIC SMALL SOLID RIVETS ANWASME B I 8.1. ~ M -983
I

900

f
TABLE 5 DIMENSIONS OF FLAT COUNTERSUNK HEAD RIVETS, mm
D Ds DK K R

Body Diameter Shank Head Head Underhead


Diameter Diameter Height Fillet Radius
Main Secondary -
Series Seriies Max Min Max (2) M i n (3) Ref (1) Max Min

1.05 0.95 1.93 1.68 0.43 0.15 0.05


1.25 1.15 2.31 2.03 0.51 0.15 0.05
1.45 1.35 2.68 2.38 0.60 0.15 0.05
1.6 1.65 1.52 3.06 2.72 0.68 0.15 0.05
2.0 2.05 1.92 3.81 3.38 0.85 0.20 0.10
2.5 2.55 2.42 4.75 4.25 1.06 0.25 0.15
3.0 3.06 2.90 5.70 5.09 1.28 0.30 0.15
3.56 3.40 6.64 5.96 1.49 0.35 0.15
4.0 4.06 3.90 7.58 6.82 1.70 0.40 0.20
5.0 5.08 4.88 9.48 8.53 2.13 0.50 0.25
6.0 6.08 5.88 11.36 10.27 2.55 0.60 0.30
7.10 6.85 13.26 11.97 2.98 0.70 0.40
8.0 8.10 7.85 15.14 13.70 3.40 0.80 0.50
9.10 8.85 17.02 15.43 3.83 0.80 0.50
10.0 10.12 9.80 18.92 17.11 4.25 0.80 0.50
11.12 10.80 20.80 18.84 4.68 0.80 0.50
12.0 12.12 1 1.80 22.68 20.57 5.10 0.80 0.50

GENERAL NOTES:
(a) Sizes in parentheses ( ) are nonpreferred.
2, General Data
(b) For additional requirements refer to Section
NOTES:
(1) Head height(K)is givenfor reference purposes only. Variations
in this dimension are controlled
by the head and shank diameters
and the included angle
of the head.
(2) Sharp edged head. Tabulated maximum values calculatedon nominal head height, maximum shank diameter, and
92O included
angle extended to a sharpedge.
(3) Rounded or flat edged irregularlyshaped head. Tabulated valuescalculatedfrom nominal head height, minimum shank diameter,
and 88O included angle.

6
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AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD
METRIC SMALL SOLID RIVETS ANSIIASME B18.1.3M-1983

400 approx.

TABLE 6 DIMENSIONS OF STANDARD HEADER POINTS FOR


METRIC SMALL SOLID RIVETS, mm
D Pt. Length Pt. Dia Nom. Rivet
Nominal z Approx. D p Approx. Length (1)

( 1 .O) 0.25 0.80 6


(1 .2) 0.30 1.oo 7
(1.4) 0.35 1.15 9
1.6 0.40 1.30 10
2.0 0.50 1.65 10
2.5 0.65 2.05 15
3.0 0.75 2.45 20
(3.5) 0.90 2.85 20
4.0 1.o 3.25 25
5.0 1.25 4.10 30
6.0 1.50 4.90 40
(7.0) 1.75 5.70 40
8.0 2.oo 6.55 40
(9.0) 2.25 7.35 50
10.0 2.50 8.20 50
.O)
(1 1 2.75 9.00 60
12.0 3.00 9.80 75

GENERAL NOTES:
(a) Sizes in parentheses ( ) are nonpreferred.
(b) No standard tolerances for point dimensions are contemplated
NOTE:
(1) Header points normallyapply to these nominal shank lengths
or shorter. The pointingof longer
shank lengths may require machining to the dimensions
specified.
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AN AMERICAN NATIIONAL STANDARD
METRIC SMALL SOLID RIVETS ANSI/ASME B18.1.3M-1983

t
TABLE 7 RECOMMENDED RIVET LENGTHS, mm
Nominal Nominal Rivet Size
Rivet
Length (1.0)
(1.2)
(1.4) 1.6 2.0 2.5
3.0
(3.5) 4.0 5.0 6.0 (7.0) 8.0 (9.0) 10.0
(11.0)
12.0

3 A I A FR FR FRI

A4 A ] AA A FR FRI

A A A A A A F R F R

A A A A A A A A F R

A A A A A A A A A A F R F R

10 A A A A A A A A A A A A F R F R
~

I A A A A A A A A A A A A A F R F R

I
~~

15 I A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

I I A A A A A A A A A A A A A
20 I I A A A A A A A A AA A A A
A A A A A A A A A AA A

A A A A A A A A A AA A

A A A A A A A A AA A

I A. A A A A A A A AA A

32 I IA A A A AA A A A A
35 I IA A A A AA A A A A

38 I A I A A AA A A A A
A A A A A A AA A
-
A A A A A AA A

I A A AA A AA A

55 I IA A A A A A A
A A A A AA A

A A A AA A

A 70 IA A A I A A

A75 I A A ] A A
A80 I A A I A A
A AA A
-
A AA A

1 AA A

110 I I A A

GENERAL NOTE:
Lengths betweenheavy lines are recommended for the applicable rivet
size and head style where Adenotes
all head styles, Fdenotes
flat head style, and IR denotes round head style.
8
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APPENDIX I
TABLES A N D FORMULAS FOR RIVET DIMENSIONS

SHANK DIAMETER, m m
D = nominal diameter of rivet shank

Nominal Diameter ( D ) Shank Diameter (Ds)


Tolerances Diameter
Main Secondary
Series Series Plus Minus Max. Min.

(1 .O) 0.05 0.05 1.05 0.95

(1 .2) 0.05 0.05 1.25 1.15

(1.4) 0.05 0.05 1.35 1.45

1.6 0.05 0.08 1.52 1.65

2.0 0.05 0.08 2.05 1.92

GENERAL NOTE:
Sizes in parentheses ( ) are nonpreferred.

9
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FLAT HEAD RIVET, m m
D = nominal diameter of rivet shank
Head Diameter (DK) Head Height (K)
Nominal Tolerance Tolerance
Rivet
Size Basic Plus Minus Plus Minus

(1.O) DK == 2.00D 0.20 0.20 K = 0.33D 0.1 2 0.12


(1.2) 0.20 0.20 0.1 2 0.12
(1.4) 0.20 0.20 0.1 2 0.1 2
1.6 0.20 0.20 0.1 5 0.1 5
2.0 0.20 0.20 0.1 5 0.1 5
2.5 0.20 0.20 0.1 5 0.15
3.0 0.25 0.25 0.15 0.1 5
(3.5) 0.25 0.25 0.1 5 0.15
4.0 0.25 0.25 0.18 0.18
5.0 0.25 0.25 0.18 0.1 8
6.0 0.35 0.35 0.20 0.20
(7.0) 0.35 0.35 0.20 0.20
8.0 0.40 0.40 0.25 0.25
(9.0) 0.40 0.40 0.25 0.25
10.0 0.40 0.40 0.25 0.25
(11.O) 0.45 0.45 0.25 0.25
12.0 t 0.45 0.45 r 0.28 0.28

GENERAL NOTE:
Sizes in parentheses I( ) are nonpreferred.

ROUND HEAD RIVET,mm


D = nominal diameter of rivet shank

Head Diameter (DK) Head Height (K)

Nominal Tolerance Tolerance Head Radius (Rk)


Rivet Basic
Size Ba.sic Plus Minus Plus Minus Approx.

(1.O) DK = 1.75D 0.20


0.20 K = 0.60 D 0.1 2 0.1 2 RK = 0.938 D
(1 .2) 0.20 0.20 0.1 2 0.1 2
(1.4) 0.20 0.20 0.12 0.12
1.6 0.25 0.25 0.1 2 0.12
2.0 0.25 0.25 0.1 2 0.12
2.5 0.25 0.25 0.12 0.12
3.0 0.25 0.25 0.1 2 0.12
(3.5) 0.25 0.25 0.1 5 0.1 5
4.0 0.28 0.28 0.1 5 0.1 5
5.0 0.28 0.28 0.1 5 0.15
6.0 0.30 0.30 0.15 0.1 5
(7.0) 0.30 0.30 0.18 0.1 8
8.0 0.40 0.40 0.1 8 0.1 8
(9.0) 0.40 0.40 0.1 8 0.1 8
-10.0 0.45 0.45 0.20 0.20
(11.O) 0.45 0.45 0.20 0.20
12.0 i 0.50 0.50 T 0.20 0.20
GENERAL NOTE:
Sizes in parentheses ( ) are nonpreferred.

10
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FLAT COUNTERSUNK HEAD RIVET, m m
D = nominal diameter of rivet shank
Head Diameter (DK)
Nominal Tolerance
Rivet Head Height (K)
Size Basic Plus Minus Basic (Ref)

(1.O) DK = 1.85D 0.08 0.1 7 K = 0.4250


(1.2) 0.09 0.1 9
(1.4) 0.09 0.21
1.6 0.10 0.24
2.0 0.1 1 0.32
2.5 0.1 2 0.38
3.0 0.15 0.46
(3.5) 0.16 0.52
4.0 0.18 0.58
5.0 0.23 0.72
6.0 0.26 0.83
(7.0) 0.31 0.98
8.0 1.10 0.34
(9.0) 0.37 1.22
10.0 0.48 1.51
(11.O) 1.63 0.58
12.0

GENERAL NOTE:
Sizes in parentheses ( ) are nonpreferred.

STANDARD HEADER POINTS


D = nominal diameter of rivet
Point Diameter Point Length
Nominal
Rivet Basic Basic
Size (Approx.) (Approx.)

All
Sizes Dp = 0.818D 2 = 0.250D

11
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APPENDIX II
GOVEIRNMENT STANDARD ITEMS AND PART NUMBERING SYSTEM

NOTE: The Government encourages the generalofuse Thepartnumbershallconsist of thefollowing


this Appendix to achieve maximum parts standard- element codes in the order shown:
ization. ( a ) Document Identifier - ANSI Standard Num-
ber less decimal points.
( b ) Material and Finish
This Appendix establishes the standard items for
(c) Head type
Governmentapplication,selectedfromthepossible
( d ) Nominal size
variations of items within the scopeof the Standard,
( e ) Nominal length
and provides a part numbering system for identifica-
tion and application in engineering documents. NOTE: The Part Numbering System may also used be
The following variations are standard: for nonstandard size and length combinations.
( a ) NominalSizeandLengthCombinations-as
Quality Assurance Provisions: Quality assurance pro-
specified on the last page of this Appendix.
visions shall be in accordance with FF-R-556, Rivet,
(6) HeadType - ascodedinPartNumbering
Solid,Small;Rivet,Tubular,Small;FlatWasher
System.
(Burr); Cap, Rivet; General Purpose.
(c) Material - Carbon Steel ~ as coded in Part
Numbering System. Packaging:Packagingshallbeinaccordancewith
( d ) Finish - PlainFinishorTinCoated - as P P P - H - 158 1, Hardware(FastenersandRelated
coded in Part Numbering System. Items), Packaging of.

12
PART NUMBERING SYSTEM COVERING STANDARD ITEMSFOR GOVERNMENT USE
NOTE: THE GOVERNMENT ENCOURAGES THE GENERAL USE OF THIS SYSTEM TO ACHIEVE MAXIMUM PARTS
STANDARDIZATION.

81813 A 035 C 060


lOths ofmm
mm

MATERIAL AND FINISH CODE HEAD TYPE CODE

A-Steel.CompositionC1006thruC1012 F - Flat Head


(UNS G10060 thru G10120) R - Round Head
C - Flat, Countersunk Head
8 - Steel, Composition C1006thru C1012
(UNS G10060 thru G10120) and tin
plated per ASTM 8545, Tin, Electro-
deposited Coatings of, SC3, 1 5 p m
minimum average thickness

EXAMPLE: B1813AC060035 indicates a Rivet, Solid, Small - Metric made of steel, Composition C1006 through C1012, flat,
countersunk head, 6 mm nominal size and 35 mm inlength.

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METRIC SMALL SOLID RIVETS - STANDARD SIZES FOR GOVERNMENT USE

Table 7 in this Standard is to be used for selection of


standard sizes for Government use.Nominalrivet sizes
in parentheses are not to be considered as standard
sizes f o r Government use.

14
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AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDSFOR BOLTS. NUTS RIVETS SCREWS . . .
WASHERS. AND SIMILAR FASTENERS

Small Solid Rivets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 618.1.1-1972 (R1983)


LargeRivets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 618.1.2-1972 (R1983)
MetricSrnallSolidRivets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 818.1.3M-1983
Square And Hex Bolts and Screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 618.2.1-1981
Square And Hex Nuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 618.2.2-1983
Metric Hex Cap Screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 818.2.3.1M-1979
MetricForrned HexScrews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 818.2.3.2M-1979

Applications. - Metric Fasteners .. 61 8.1 8.4M-1982

MOO131

M00131
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A AN M E R I C A N A T I O N A SL T A N D A R D

Metric Heavy Hex


Flange Screws
Government Key Words:
Screw, Heavy Hex Flange Head -
Metric

FOR CURRENT COMMITTEE PERSONNEL


PLEASE SEE ASME MANUAL AS-11

S P O N S O R E DA N DP U B L I S H E DB Y

T H EA M E R I C A NS O C I E T Y OF M E C H A N I C A LE N G I N E E R S

United
Engineering
Center
345
East
47th
Street
New
York, N. Y. 1 001 7
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Date of Issuance: December 31, 1984

This Standard will be revised when the Society approves the issuance of a new edition. There will
be no addenda or written interpretations of the requirements of this Standard issued t o this Edition.

. . .

This code or standard was developed under proceduresaccredited as meeting the criteria forAmeri-
cant National Standards. The Consensus Committee that approved the code or standard was balanced
t o ,assure that individuals from competent and concerned interests have had anopportunity t o partici-
pate. The proposed code or standard wasmade available for public review and comment which pro-
videsan opportunity for additional public input from industry, academia, regulatory agencies, and
the public-at-large.
ASME does not "approve,""rate," or "endorse"any item, construction, proprietary device, or
activity.
ASME does not take any position with respect t o the validity of any patent rights asserted in con-
nec:tion with any items mentioned in this document, and does not undertake to insure anyone utilizing
a standard against liability for infringement of any applicable Letters Patent, nor assume any such lia-
bility. Users of a code or standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such
patent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, is entirely their ownresponsibility.
Participation by federal agency representativek) or personk) affiliated'with industryis not t o be in-
terpreted as government or industry endorsement of this code or standard.
ASME does not accept any responsibility for interpretations of this document made by individual
volunteers.

No part of this document may be reproduced in any form,


in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of the publisher.
. .

Copyright 0 1984 by
THEAMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
All Rights Resewed
Printed in U.S.A.
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FOREWORD

(This Foreword is not part of ANSI/ASME B18.2.3.9M-1984.)

American National Standards Committee B18 for the standardization of bolts, screws, nuts,
rivets, and similar fasteners was organized in March 1922 as Sectional Committee B18 under the
aegis of the American Engineering Standards Committee(later the American Standards Associa-
tion, then the United States of America Standards Institute and, as of October 6, 1969, the
American National Standards Institute, Inc.), with the Society of Automotive Engineers and
the American Society of Mechanical Engineers as joint sponsors. Subcommittee 2 was subse-
quently established and charged withthe responsibility for technical contentofstandards
covering wrench head bolts and nuts.
At its meeting on December 4, 1974, Committee B18 authorized preparation of a series of
standards for metric fasteners. Subcommittee 2 was assigned responsibility for developing stan-
dards for metric hex bolts,screws, and nuts.
Following issuance of ANSI B18.2.3.4M-1979, interest developed in the farm equipment,
heavy truck, and off-road vehicles industries for a second series of metric hex flange screws
having a head widths across flats series equal to those of metric hex capscrews. During the ana-
lytical research study to optimize head proportions of hex flange screws (refer to Foreword of
ANSI/ASME B18.2.3.4M-1984), this larger head series was also investigated, and appropriate
values for the various head characteristics were established for screw sizes M10 through M20.
This new-design of metric heavy hex flange screws was submitted by the United States of
AmericalCanada to ISO/TC2 at its May 1982 meetings. TC2 accepted the proposal and autho-
rized development of IS0 standards.
Following these IS0 decisions, Subcommittee 2 drafted this Standard.
This Standard was approved by letter ballot of the ASME Standards CommitteeB18 on April
18, 1983, and was subsequently approved by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers
and submitted to the American National Standards Institute for designation as an American
National Standard. This was granted on March 23, 1984.

iii
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ASME STANDARDS COMMITTEE B18
Standardization of Bolts, Nuts, Rivets, Screws, Washers, and Similar Fasteners

(The following i s the roster of the Committee att h e time of approval of this Standard.)

OFFICERS

J. B. Levy, Chairman
H. W. Ellison, Vice Chairman
E. Schwartz, Vice Chairman
R. McGinnis, Secretary

COMMITTEE PERSONNEL

AMERICANSOCIETY OF AGRICULTURALENGINEERS
E. R. Friesth, Don E. Williams Co., Rock Island, Illinois

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS, T H E


A. R. Machell. Webster, New York
K. E. McCullough, SPS Technologies Inc., Newtown, Pennsylvania

ENGINE MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION


G. A. Rurs, Cummins Engine Co.. Columbus, Indiana

FARM AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT INSTITUTE


D. A. Clever, Deere 81Co.. Moline, Illinois

HAND TOOL INSTITUTE


R. B. Wright, Wright Tool Co., Barberton, Ohio

- INDUSTRIAL
FASTENERS INSTITUTE
R. B. Belford, Industrial Fasteners Institute, Cleveland, Ohio
D. J. Broomfield, Illinois Tool Works Inc., Elgin, Illinois
D. A. Garrison, Russell, Burdsall 81Ward Corp., Rock Falls, Illinois
R. M. Harris, Bethlehem St& Corp., Lebanon, Pennsylvania
D. Littel, Greensburg, Pennsylvania
J. C. McMurray, Alternate, Russell, Burdsall & Ward Corp., Cleveland Ohio
J. S.Orlando, Bethlehem Steel Corp., Lebanon, Pennsylvania
E. Sterling, Emhart Corp., Cambellsville, Kentucky
J. A. Trilling, Holo-Krorne Co., West .Hartford, Connecticut
S.Vas, Lake Erie Screw Corp., Cleveland, Ohio

METAL CUTTING TOOL INSTITUTE


D. Ernanuelli, TRW-Greenfield Tap 81 Die, Greenfield, Massachusetts

-NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION


J. B. Levy, General Electric Co., Schenectady, New York
F. F. Weingruber, Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
W. F. Montavon, Alternate, National Electric Manufacturers Association, Washington, D.C.

NATIONAL FASTENERS DISTRIBUTORS ASSOCIATION


J. F. Sullivan, Accurate Fasteners Inc., South Boston, Massachusetts

V
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SOCIETY OF AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERS
H. W. Ellison, General Motors Corp., Warren, Michigan
R. S. Piotrowski, Mack Trucks Inc., Allentown, Pennsylvania

TUBlJLAR AND MACHINE INSTITUTE


R. M. Byrne, Trade Association. -Management Inc., Tarrytown, New York
J. G. Zeratsky. National Rivet si Manufacturer Co., Waupun, Wisconsin
. - . -.. . . . .I

U.S. DEPARTMENT O F THE ARMY


M. E. Taylor, U.S. Army Armament, Munitions & Chemical Command, Dover, New Jersey
A. Herskovitz,A/rernare, ? I S . Army Armament, Munitions & Chemical Command, Dover, New Jersey
J. E. Long, Alrernare, U.S. Tank Command, Warren, Michigan

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE


E. !hhwartz, Defense Industrial Supply Centei, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
L. Pieninck, Alternate, Defense Industrial Supply Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY


J. ti. Has, Department of the Navy,Washington, D.C; .
M. S. Orysh,Alternate, Department of the Navy, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS
A. R. Breed, Lakewood, Ohio
R. .A. Flor, Chrysler Corp., Detroit, Michigan
G. .A.Gobb, Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, Michigan
F. IE. Graves, F. E. Graves Associates, Fairfield, Connecticut
J. JI. Naesset, Clark Equipment Co., Battle Creek, Michigan
J. 1:. Nagy, Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, Michigan

PER!iONNEL OF SUBCOMMITTEE 2 - SQUARE AND HEX BOLTS AND NUTS

J. F. Nagy, Chairman, Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, Michigan


D. C. Faulkner, Secrerary, Modulus Corp., Gary, Indiana
S. C. Adamek, Pheoll Manufacturer Co.,Chicago, Illinois
R. 6. Belford, Industrial Fasteners Institute, Cleveland, Ohio
A. R. Breed, Mechanical Fasteners & Assembly, Lakewood, Ohio
R. M. Byrne, Trade Association Management Inc., Tarrytown, New York
D. A. Clever, Deere & Co., Moline, Illinois
W. J. ,Darner, FMC Corp., Indianapolis, Indiana
D. A. Garrison, Russell, Burdsall & Ward Corp., Rock Falls, Illinois
F. E. (Graves, F. E. Graves Associates, Fairfield, Connecticut
R. M. Harris, Bethlehem Steel Corp., Lebanon, Pennsylvania
J. 6.Levy, General Electric Co., Schenectady, New York
A. R. Machell, Webster, New York
. .
K. E. McCullough, SPS Technologies Inc., Newtown, Pennsylvania
J. C. IJlcMurray, Russell, Burdsall & Ward Corp., Cleveland, Ohio
I. M. Park, The Steel Co. of Canada Ltd., Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
M. E. Taylor, U.S. Army Armament, Munitions & Chemical Command, Dover, New Jersey
F. F. 'Weingruber, Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
A. Henkovitz,Alfernare, U.S. Army Armament, Munitions & Chemical Command, Dover, New Jersey
T. Nelbesny,Alfernare, FMC Corp., Indianapolis, Indiana
L. Pieninck,Alternate, Defense Industrial Supply Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

._.

vi
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CONTENTS

Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
StandardsCommitteeRoster ......................................... v

GeneralData ................................................... 1

Figures
1 ........................................................ 5
2 Gaging of Hex Flange Screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
3 Style A FilletDetail forShort Screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
4 Style A FilletDetail for Long Screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
5 Style Fillet
B Detail .......................................... 9
6 ......................................................... 10

Tables
1 Dimensions of Heavy Hex Flange Screws ............................. 5
2 Gaging of Heavy Hex Flange Heads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
3 Maximum Grip Gaging Lengths and Minimum BodyLengths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
4 Thread Lengths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
5 Tolerance Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
6 Dimensions of Style A UnderheadFillets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
7 Dimensions ofStyle B UnderheadFillets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
8 Length Tolerances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
9 Dimensions of Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
10 Dimensions of ReducedBodyDiameter .............................. 10

Appendices
I Thread Runout and Screw StraightnessReferee Gages and Gaging Procedure . . . . . . 11
I1 Recommended Clearance Holes for Screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
I11 Government StandardItemsandPart NumberingSystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Figures
I ........................................................ 11
I1 ........................................................ 12

Tables
I1 Clearance Holes for Screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
I11 Metric Heavy Hex Flange Head Screws . Standard Sizes for Government
Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Vii
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ANSllASME B18.2.3.9M-1984
AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

METRIC HEAVY HEX FLANGE SCREWS

GENERAL DATA 5 HeadHeight. The headheight is the distance,as


measured parallel to the axis of the screw, from the top
1 scope
of the head to the plane of the bearing circle diameter.
1.1 This Standard covers the complete general and
dimensional dataformetric heavy hex' flange screws 6 HexHeight. The hex height is the distance, mea-
recognized as American National Standard. sured at a corner of the hex, from the junction of hex
head with the flange to the topof the head.
1.2 The inclusion of dimensional data in this Stan-
dard is not intended to imply that all of the sizes in con- 7 Wrenching Height. The wrenching height is the dis-
junction with the various options describedherein are tance at a corner of the hex from the junction of hex
stock items.Consumersarerequested toconsultwith head withthe flange to the lastplane of full formed
manufacturers concerning lists of stock productionheavy hex, i.e., the plane closest to the top of head at which
hex flange screws. the width across corners of thehex is within its specified
limits.
1.3 Heavy hex flange screws purchased for govern-
ment use shall conform to this Standard and, additionally, 8 Corner Fill. The rounding due to lack of fill at the
to the requirements of Appendix 111. six corners of thehead shall be reasonably uniform.
9 Gaging of HeavyHexFlangeHead. (See Table 2.)
2 Comparison With I S 0 Standards
The head shall be gaged using two ring gages, A and B, to
2.1 Heavy hex flange screws as presentedinthis demonstrate the coincidentalacceptability of hex height,
Standard have been coordinated, to the extent possible, wrenching height, corner fill, and width across corners.
with a draft IS0 proposed standard. Gage A shall be placed over the head and shall seat on
2.2 Letter symbols designating dimensional charac- the flange. The gage shall not contact a flat surface when
teristics are in accord with those used in IS0 standards, seated. Gage B shall be placed on the t o p of the head
except capitals have been used fordata processing normal to the bolt axis. The two gages shall not be in
convenienceinstead of lower case letters used in IS0 contact.
standards. NOTE: W, min. equals theoretical width across corners. Wb
max. equals minimum width across corners minus 0.001 mm. T ,
3 Dimensions max. is equal to minimum wrenching height K , .

3.1 All dimensions in this Standard are in millime- 10 TruePosition of Head. The axis of the hex head
ters, unless stated otherwise. shall be located at true position with respect to the axis
of the screw (determined over a distance under the head
3.2 Symbols specifyinggeometriccharacteristics
equal to one screw diameter) within a tolerance zone of
areinaccord with ANSI Y14.5M,Dimensioning and
diameter specified in Table 5.
Tolerancing.
11 Flange. The top surface of the flange shall be coni-
4 Top of Head. The top of head shall be either full cal or slightly rounded (convex) and the periphery shall
form or indented, at manufacturer's option. The top of be round within the specified maximum flange diameter
head shall be chamfered or rounded. The diameterof the and a tolerance of -5%. The contour of edge at flange
chamfer circle or the start of rounding shall be equal to periphery shall be optional provided the minimum flange
the maximum width across flats withinatolerance of thickness is maintained at the minimum bearing circle
- 15%. diameter.

1
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ANSIIASME B18.2.3.9M-1984
AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD METRIC HEAVY HEX FLANGE SCREWS

12 Bearing Surface. The bearing surface shall be flat the screw may have a rounded point of radius Vas speci-
to concave to a maximumof 1.5 deg. fromthe planefiedinTable 9.
formed by the bearing circle diameter. The plane formed
17 Straightness. Shanks of screws shall be straight
by the bearing circle diameter shall be perpendicular to
within a maximum camber of 0.006 mm/mm of screw
the axis of the body within 1 deg. and is expressed in
length. The referee gage and gaging procedure for check-
termsof circular runout as specified in Table 1. The
ing screw straightness is given in Appendix I.
measurementof bearing face runout shall be made as
close to the specified bearing circle diameter as possible . 18 ihread Length
while the screw is held in a collet or othergripping device
18.1 The length of thread on screws shall be con-
at a distance equal to one nominal screw diameter from
trolled by the maximum grip gaging length L, and the
the plane formed by the bearing circle diameter.
minimumbodylength L , asset forthin paras. 18.2
13 Fillet. The 'fillet configurationatthejunctionofthrough 18.5.
the head and shantk shall conform to either Style A, as
18.2 Grip gaging length L, max. is the distance,
shown-in Figs. 3 and 4 with limits as specified in Table 6,
measured parallel to the axis of the screw, from theplane
or Style B, as shown in Fig.-5 and with limitsas specified
formed by the bearing circle diameter to the face of a
in Table 7, at the option of the manufacturer,unless the
noncounterbored or noncountersunk standard GO thread
fillet style is specified by the purchaser. The fillet shall
ring gage assembled by hand as far as the thread will
be a smooth and continuous curve fairing smoothly into
permit.Forstandard diameter-length combinationsof
the underhead bearing surface and the shank within the
screws, the values for L, max. are specified in Table 3.
limits specified. For' Style A, no radius in the fillet con-
For diameter-length combinations not listed in Table 3,
tour shall be less than R min. as specified in Table 6.
themaximum grip gaging length, as calculated and
14 Body Diameter. Thediameter of thebodyon rounded to one decimal place, shall be equal to the nom-
screws which are not threaded full length shall be within inal screw length L minus the basic thread length B as
the limits specified in Table 1, unless the purchaser spec- specified in Table 4 (L, max. = L - B ) . L, max. shall be
ifies screws with reduced diameterbody.For screws used as a criterion for inspection.
threaded full length,thediameteroftheunthreaded
18.3 Body length L , min. is the distance, measured
shank under the head shall neither exceed the specified
parallel to the axis of the.screw, from the plane formed
maximum,body diameter nor,be: less than the minimum
by the bearing circle diameter to thelast scratch of thread
body diameter given in Table 5.
or the top of the extrusion angle, whichever is closest to
Screws may be obtained with reduced diameter body
the head. For standard diameter-length combinations of
if so specified;however, screws withnominal lengths
screws, the values of L , min. are specified in Table 3.
shorter than four times their nominal size are not recom-
For diameter-length combinations not listed in Table 3,
mended. Where reduced diameter body is specified, the
the minimum body length, as calculated and rounded to
bodydiameter shall be withinthe limitsspecifiedin
one decimal place, shall be equal to the maximum grip
Table 10. The screw shall have a shoulder under the head.
gaging length (as computed) minus the maximumtransi-
The diameter and .length of the shoulder shall be as spec-
tion length as given in Table 4 (L, min. = L, max. - X
ified i n Table 10.
max.). L , min. shall be used as a criterion for inspection.
15 Length. The length of the screw shall be measured Screws of nominal lengths which have a calculatedL , min.
parallel to the axis of-the screw from .the plane formed value equal to or less than the length L , as specified in
by the underhead bearing circle diameter to the extreme Table 4 shall be threaded full length.For screws which are
end of the shank.. Tolerances for screw lengths are given threaded full length, the distance from the plane formed
in Table 8 . by the bearing circle diameter to the face of a noncoun-
terboredornoncountersunkstandard GO thread ring
16 Points. The end of the screw shall be chamfered
gage assembled by hand as far as the thread will permit
from a diameter equal. to or slightly-less than the thread
shall not exceed the lengthL , as specified in Table 4.
root diameter to produce a length. of chamfer or incom- . .
plete. thread within the limits for2 specified in Table 9. 18.4 Basic. thread length B as specified in Table 4 is
The end ofathe screw shall be reasonably square with the a reference dimension intended for calculation purposes
axis of the screw, and where pointed blanks are used,
I only, and is the distance,measured parallel to the axis of
the slight. rim or c:up resulting from roll threading shall the screw, from the extreme end of the screw to the last
be permissible. At the manufacturer's option, the end of complete (full form) thread.

2
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ANSIIASME 818.2.3.9M-1984
METRIC HEAVY HEX FLANGE SCREWS AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

18.5 Transition thread length X max. as specified in 22 Finish. Unless otherwise specified, screws shall be
Table 4 is a reference dimension intended for calculation supplied with a natural (as processed) finish, unplated or
purposes only.It includes thelengthofincomplete uncoated.
threads and tolerances on grip gaging length and body
23 Identification Symbols. Steel screws shall be
length.Thetransitionfrom full threadtoincomplete
markedwiththeproperty class symbolandwiththe
thread shall be smooth and uniform. The major diameter
manufacturers identification symbol. Minimum height
oftheincompletethreads shall not exceed theactual
of property class symbols shall be 2.3 mm for M10 and
major diameter of the complete (full form) threads. For
M12 screws, 3.2mmfor M14 and M16 screws, and
screws of property class 10.9 and higher strength mate-
4.0 mm for M20 screws. Markings shall be located on
rials (tensile strength 1040MPa and higher), the transition
the top of the head and may be raised or recessed unless
threads shall have a rounded root contour no radius of
otherwise ordered by the purchaser. When raised, mark-
which shall be less than the specified minimum radius at
ings shall project not less than0.1mmfor M14 and
the root of thefull form thread.
smaller screws, and 0.3 mm for M16 and M20 screws
19 Thread Runout. Therunoutofthethreadwith above the surface of the head;and total head height (head
respect to the axis of the screw shank shall be within the plus markings) shall not exceed the specified maximum
limits specified in Table 5 when measured at a distance of headheightplus 0.2 mm for M10 screws, 0.3 mm for
one screw diameter from the last complete thread. The M12 and M14 screws, and 0.4 mm for M16 and M20
referee gage and gaging procedurefor checking thread screws.
runout are given in Appendix I.
24 Options. Options, where specified, shall be at the
20 Threads discretion of the manufacturer unless otherwise agreed
20.1 Threads shall be metric coarse thread series upon by the manufacturer and the purchaser.
conforming to dimensions for general purpose external 25 Terminology. For definitions of terms relating to
threads given in ANSI B1.13M, Metric Screw Threads- fasteners orcomponentfeaturesthereof used inthis
M Profile, unless otherwise specified by the purchaser. Standard, refer to ASA B18.12, Glossary of Terms for
The class 6g tolerance shall apply to plain finish (unplated Mechanical Fasteners.
or uncoated) screws and to plated or-coatedscrews before
plating or coating. For screws with additive finish, the 6g 26 Workmanship. Screws shall not contain an excess
diameters may be exceeded by the amount of the allow- of surface imperfections which might affect their service-
ance, i.e., the basic diameters shall apply to screws after ability, such as burrs, seams, laps, loose scale, and other
plating or coating. irregularities.
20.2 Acceptability. Unless otherwise
specified, 27 Clearance Holes. The recommended sizes of clear-
screw thread acceptability shall be determined based on ance holes in material to be assembled using heavy hex
System 21 of ANSI B 1.3M, Screw Thread Gaging Systems flange screws are the normal series given in Appendix 11.
for Dimensional Acceptability (Metric Screw Threads M
and MJ). 28 Designation
28.1 Heavy hex flange screws shall be designated by
21 Material andMechanicalProperties. Unless other-
wise specified, steel screws shall conform to the require- the following data, preferablyin the sequence shown:
ments for property class 9.8 or property class 10.9 as product name, nominal diameter and thread pitch, nomi-
specified in SAE J 1199, Mechanical Properties, Exter- nal length, steel property class or material identification,
nally Threaded Steel Fasteners, or ASTM F 568, Speci- and protective coating,if required.
fication for Carbon and Alloy Steel Externally Threaded NOTE: It is common practice in I S 0 standards to omit thread
Metric Fasteners. Screws of other materials such as stain- pitch from the product size designation when screw threads are
less steel, brass, bronze, and aluminum alloys shall have the metric coarse thread series, e.g., M10 is M10 X 1.5.
properties as agreed upon by the manufacturer and the Examples:
purchaser. Properties of screws of several grades of non- Heavy hex flange screw, M10 X 1.5 X 50, class 9.8, zinc
ferrous materials are covered in ASTM F 468M,Specifi- plated
cation for Nonferrous Bolts, Hex Cap Screws, and Studs Heavy hex flange screw, M16 X 2 X 100, class 10.9
for General Use, and several stainless steel materials in
ASTM F 738, Specification for StainlessSteel Metric 28.2 The government part numberingsystem for
Bolts, Screws, and Studs. metric heavy hex flange screws is given in Appendix 111.

3
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ANSI/ASME 618.2.3.9M-1984
AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD METRIC HEAVY HEX FLANGE SCREWS

29 inspection and Quality Assurance. Unless otherwise


specified, acceptability shall be based on conformance
withtherequirements specifiedin ANSI B18.18.1M,
InspectionandQuality Assurance for General Pur-
pose
MetricFasteners, with inspection level B for
acceptability.
30 Referenced Standards. Copies of referenced ASTM
standards may be obtained from the American Society
for Testing and Materials, 1916 Race Street, Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania 19 103.
Copies of referenced SAE standards may be obtained
fromtheSocietyofAutomotive Engineers,Inc., 400
Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, Pennsylvania 15096.
Copies of referenced IS0 standards may be obtained
from the AmericanNational Standards Institute, 1430
Broadway, New York, New York 10018. .

4
Indentation and
c
% 1.5 deg. max.
(see para. 12)

Contour
optional

b
4

Dw D,

identification toappear on t o p of
head (see para. 23)
Detail X
(See Paras. 11 and 12)

FIG. 1

TABLE 1 DIMENSIONSOF HEAVY HEXFLANGE SCREWS


S E * DC
Circular C K R
DS Dk4
. Kl
~
Runout
of Flange
Nom. Width Width Bearing Bearing Flange Top Z
Screw Body Across Across Flange Circle Circle Edge Head Fillet D
Wrenching
Diam. and Diameter Flats Corners Diam. Diam. F IM Thickness Height Radius $i
Height
Thread n
Pitch Min. Max. Min. Max. Min. Max. Max. Min. Max. Min. Max.
Min. 1 Max.

M10 X 1.5 10.00 9.78 15.00 14.57 17.32 16.32 22.3 19.6 0.43 1.5 8.6 3.70 0.6
M12 X 1.75 12.00 11.73 18.00 17.57 20.78 19.68 26.6 23.8 0.50 1.8 10.4 0.7 4.60
M14 X 2 13.7314.00 21.00 20.48 24.25 22.94 30.5 27.6 0.55 12.4 2.1 5.50 0.9
M16 X 2 16.00 15.73 24.00 23.16 27.71 25.94 35.0 31.9 0.61 2.4 14.1 6.20 1.o
M20 X 2.5 20.00 19.67 30.00 29.16 34.64 32.66 43.0 39.9 0.76 3.0 17.7 7.90 1.2

See para. 14 7,8.9 11,12 12 12 11 5 7.9 11


I I I I I I
1
I

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ANSllASME 818.2.3.9M-1984
AN AMERICAN NATIONAL.STANDARD METRIC HEAVY HEX FLANGE SCREWS

TABLE 2 GAGINGOFHEAVYHEXFLANGEHEADS

wb Tb

Gage B
Suew
Diann. and

t
lriside Diam. Thickness inside Diam. Thickness
Thread
- Pitch Max. Min. Max. Min. Max. Min. Min.

M10 X 1.5 17.32 17;33 3.69 3.70 16.30


16.3 1 5.0
M12 X 1.75 20.78 20.79 4.60 4.59
19.66 19.67 5.0
M14 X 2 24.25 24.26 5.50 5.49 22.92 22.93 6.0
M16 X 2 27.71 27.72 6.20 6.19 25.92
25.93 6.0
M20 X 2.5 34.65 34.64 7.90 32.64
7.89 32.65 6.0
-

, FIG. 2 GAGINGOFHEXFLANGE SCREWS


(See Para. 91

6
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ANSIIASME 818.2.3.9M-1984
METRI HEAVY HEX FLANGE SCREWS AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

TABLE 3 MAXIMUM GRIP GAGING.LENGTHS AND


MINIMUM BODY LENGTHS

;*:
Nom. Diam.
and Thread
Pitch M10 X 1.5 M20 X 2.5

L
Nominal Lg Ls
Length Max. Min.

14
16

20
25
30
35

40 14.0 6.5 I I I
45 19.0 11.5
50 24.0 16.5

(55) 29.0 21.521.016.225.0 11.0 7.0 17.0


60 34.0 26.5 30.0 26.0 21.2
16.0 22.0 12.0
(65) 39.0 31.5 35.0 26.2 31.0 27.0 21.0
17.0 19.0 6.5

70 44.0 36.5 40.0 31.2 36.0 26.0 22.0 32.0


24.0 11.5
(75) 49.0 41.5 45.0 36.2 31.0 41.0
37.0 27.0 29.0 16.5
80 54.0 46.5 50.0 41.2 36.0 46.0
42.0 32.0 21.5 34.0

(85) 59.0 51.5 55.0 46.2 51.0 41.0 47.0 37.0 39.0 26.5
90 64.0 56.5 60.0 51.2 56.0 46.0 52.0 42.0 44.0 31.5
100 74.0 66.5 61.2 70.066.0 56.0 52.0 62.0
54.0 41.5

110 80.0 71.2 76.0 66.0 72.0 62.0 64.0 51.5


120 90.0 81.2 86.0 76.0 82.0 72.0 74.0 61.5
130 - - - - - - . - - - - - - 90.0 80.0 76.0 86.0
78.0 65.5

140 100.0 90.0 96.0 86.0 88.0 75.5


150 - - - . - - ..- - - - - - 106.0 96.0 98.0 85.5

GENERAL NOTES:
(a) Lg is grip gaging length; 4; is body length
(b) Diameter-length combinations between the dashed lines are recommended. Lengths in parentheses
are not recommended.
(c) Screws with lengths above the solid line are threadedfull length.
(d) For screws with lengths longer than the lower dashed.iines, Lg a n d L, values shall be c o m p u t e d
from formulas as given in.para. 18 of General Data.
. .
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ANSI/ASME B18.2.3.9M-1984
AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD METRIC HEAVY HEX FLANGE SCREWS

TABLE 4 THREAD LENGTHS


-
----B-I- (Ref.) X (Ref.) L"

I
~~

Nominal Transition Unthreaded Length Underhead


Thread
Length
Basic
Screw Thread
Diam. and Screw Screw Length Screw Screw Lengths
Thread Lengths Lengths Lengths
Pitch > 125 and Q 200 >200 Max. Incl. Over
Max. To and To and Incl. Max.

M10 X 1.5 32 45 7.5 20 2.2 20 35 3.8


M12 X 1.75 36 49 24 8.8 24 2.6 40 4.4
M14 X 2 40 53 10.0 28 3.0 28 45 5.0
M16 X 2 44 57 10.0 32 3.0 32 50 5.0
M20 X 2.5 52 65 12.5 40 3.8 60 40 6.2

TABLE 5 TOLERANCE ZONE

Nolminal Screw Head TruePosition Minimum 6ody Diam. Circular Runout


Cliam. and Tolerance Zone for Product of Shank to .
Thread Pitch Diameter Threaded to Head Thread
- I I
I

NllO X 1.5 0.58


VI12 X 1.75 10.68 0.70
MI14 X 2 12.50 0.70
MI16 X 2 1.12 14.50 0.70
N120 X 2.5 1.40 18.16 0.84
-

FIG. 3 STYLE A FILLET DETAIL FORSHORT FIG. 4 STYLE A FILLET DETAIL FOR LONG
SCREWS SCREWS

8
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ANSI/ASME 818.2.3.9M-1984
METRIC HEAVY HEX FLANGE SCREWS AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

TABLE 6 DIMENSIONSOFSTYLE A UNDERHEAD FILLETS

D a1 D, F Fl R

Fillet
Transition Fillet Fillet
Diameter Length Radius

Nominal For Short For For For For Short


Screw Short and Long Long Short and Long
Diam. and Screws Screws Screws Screws Screws
Thread
Pitch Max. Min. Max. Max. Min.

MlO X 1.5 10.2 1.2 2.0 11.2 0.4


M12 X 1.75 1.3 3.0 13.7 0.6
12.2
M14 X 2 14.1 15.7 3.0 1.4 0.6
M16 X 2 16.5 17.7 3.0 1.6 0.6
M20 X 2.5 20.7 22.4 4.0 2.1 0.8

GENERAL NOTES:
(a) Short screws are screws which are threaded full length.
(b) Values of Dsi are given in Table 5.

FIG. 5 STYLE B FILLETDETAIL

TABLE 7 DIMENSIONSOFSTYLE B UNDERHEADFILLETS


I
Nominal
Style B
Screw ~ ~______

Diam. and Da U F RI
Thread
Pitch Max. Max. Min. Max. Max. Min.

M l O x 1.5 108 0.31 0.13 2.1 04 5 0.20


M12 x 1.75 128 037 0.54 2.1 02 4
0.16
M14 x 2 18.1 148 0 A3 0.19 2.1 '0.28 0.63
M 1 6 x 2 .. 17.2 0.51 0.23 32 0.72 0.32
M20 x 2.5 26.1 21 6 065 0.29 42 0.40 0.90

9
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ANSI/ASME 618.2.:3.9M-1984
AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD METRIC HEAVY HEX FLANGE SCREWS

TABLE 8 LENGTH TOLERANCES TABLE 9 DiMENSlONS OF POINTS


I Nominal Screw Diameter

~
Nominal Length
~ ~~
I M10 Through M16 1 M20 Nominal
Screw Diam.
Point
Radius
Point
Length
To 10 mm and Thread
Over 10 to 18 rnm Pitch Approx. Min.

1 ;::
Over 18 to 30 rnm
MlOX 1.5 14.0 2.25 0.75
Over 30 to 50 mrn 0.8 1.3 M12 X 1.75 2.62 16.8 0.88
Over 50 to 80 mm 1.o M.14 X 2 19.6 3.OO 1.oo
Over 80 to 120 mrn 1.1 M16 X 2 22.4 3.00 1.oo
M20 X 2.5 28.0 3.75 1.25
Over 120 to 180'rnm 1.3
Over 180 to 240 mm GENERAL NOTES:
Over 240 mrn (a) V equals 1.4 times thread major diameter.
(b) Z max. equals 1.5 times thread pitch.
GENERAL NOTE: ,411 tolerances are plus and minus. (c) Z min. equals 0.5 times thread pitch.

FIG. 6

TABLE 10DIMENSIONS OF REDUCEDBODY DIAMETER


Nominal
Lsh
Screw
Oiam. Shoulder
and Diameter Diameter
~.~ Length
Thread
Pitch Max. Min. Max. Min.
-
M10 x 1.5 10.oo 9 D8 886 61) 5.0
M12 x 1.75 1 .oo
2 1095 10.68 7 .O 6D
M14 x 2 14.OO 13.73 12.77 1250 81) 7 .O
M16 x 2 15.73 16.00 14.77 14.50 91) 8 .O
M20 x 2.519.67 20.00 18.49 18.16 111) 101)

GENERAL NOTE: Shoulder i s mandatory.

10
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APPENDIX I
THREADRUNOUTAND SCREW STRAIGHTNESSREFEREEGAGESAND
GAGINGPROCEDURE

(This Appendix is not an integral part of. ANSI/ASME 818.2.3.9M-1984 and i s


included for information purposes only.)

Referee gages for simultaneouslychecking thread runout and screw straightness are illus-
trated below.
Both constructions can accommodate different lengths of screws through the combination of
various lengths of sleeves to build up the required length L . When two or moresections are com-
bined, care must be exercised to assure accurate alignment of the internal hole.
In the lower construction, GO thread ring gage A is centered on the sleeve B by means of
positioning plug E and is secured in position by attachment screws C . The ring gage is set to
class 6H maximum pitch diameter byuse of the positioning plug E.
Diameter Dh of counterbore or hole in sleeve(s) equals the normal clearance hole diameter
specified for the screw diameter in Appendix 11. The .sleeve length L (either single sleeve or
combination of sleeve sections) shall be equal to the nominal screw length minus one nominal
screw diameter.
To ensure adequate service life, gages and sleeve sections should be suitably hardened.
Failure of the product to enter the threads of thegage by hand for a minimum of two com-
plete threads indicates excessive thread runout and/orout-of-straightness.

tO diarn. Dh

Class 6H rnax. PD thread

Optional Constructions

FIG. I

11
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APPENDIX II
RECOMMENDED CLEARANCE HOLES FOR SCREWS

(This Appendix is n o t an integral part of ANWASME B18.2.3.9M-1984and is


included for informationpurposes only.)

FIG. I1

TABLE It CLEARANCE HOLES FOR SCREWS


Clearance Hole Diameter, Basic, Dh

Nominal !krmnr Normal


Diam. and Close Clearance Loose
Thread Pitch Clearance (Preferred) Clearance

M10 X 1.5 10.5 11.0 12.0


M12 X 1.75 13.0 13.5 14.5
M14 X 2 15.0 15.5 16.5
M16 X 2 17.0 17.5 18.5
'M20 X 2.5 21 .o 22.0 24 .O

GENERAL NOTES:
normal clearance - normal clearance hole sizes are preferred for general purpose applications and should
be specified unless special design considerations dictate the need for either aclose or loose clearance hole
close clearance - close clearance hole sizes should be specified only where conditions such as critical
alignment of assembled parts, wall thickness, or other limitations necessitate use of a minimal hole. When
close clearance holes are specified, special provision (e.9.. countersinking) must be provided at the screw
entry side to permitproper seating of the screw head.
loose clearance - loose clearance hole sizes should be specified only for applications where maximum
adjustment capability between components beingassembled i s necessary
recommended tolerances - the clearance hole diameters given i n t h e table are minimum sizes. Recom-
mended tolerances are plus 0.3 m m f o r screw diameters M10 through M16; and plus 0.4 m m f o r screw
diameter M20.

. .

12
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APPENDIX 111
GOVERNMENT STANDARD ITEMS AND PART NUMBERING SYSTEM

(This Appendix is not an integral part of A N W A S M E 618.2.3.9M-1984 and is


included for information purposes only.)

Note The part number shall consist of the following ele-


The governmentencourages the general use of this ment codes in the order shown:
(a) Document Identifier - ANSI Standard Number
Appendix to achieve maximum parts standardization.
less decimal points
ThisAppendixestablishes thestandarditemsfor (b) Material and Finish
government application selected from the possible varia- (c) Nominal Diameter
tions of items within the scope of the standard and pro- (d) Nominal Length
vides a part numberingsystem for identificationand (e) Special Features
application in engineering documents.
The following variations are standard: Note
(a) Diameter/Thread Pitchand Length Combina-
tions - as specified in Table I11 The Part Numbering System may also be used for non-
(b) Material - steel, property class 10.9 standard diameter and length combinations.
(c) Finish - cadmium plating o r zinc plating as coded
in Part Numbering System Packaging. Packaging shall be in accordance with PPP-H-
(d) Special Features - drilled head or self-locking as 1581, Hardware (Fasteners and Related' Items), Packag-
specified ing and Packing for Shipment and Storage of.

13
PART NUMBERING SYSTEM COVERING STANDARD ITEMS FOR GOVERNMENT USE

NOTE: THE GOVERNMENT ENCOURAGES THE GENERAL USE OF THIS SYSTEM TO ACHIEVE MAXIMUM PARTS STANDARIZATION.

2 8 B 1 9 4 1 0 0 5 0 N

~~ ~ ~~ ~~

Material and Finish Code Special Feature Code


A = Steel with cadmium plating per 00-P-416, N = None
Type II,,Class 3 (5.1 prn thick), property D = Drilled Head (Note 1)
class 10.9 L = Self-Locking (Note 1)
B = Steel with zinc plating per ASTM 8633. C = Drilled Head and Self-Locking (Note 1)
FelZn 5 (5 prn thick) Type II, property
class 10.9

EXAMPLE: 618239A10050N indicates a screw,heavyhexflangehead - metric, made of cadmium plated steel, property class 10.9,
10 mrn diam., 50 mm length, with no special feature.
NOTE:
(1) Details will be provided when available.

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TABLE 111 METRIC HEAVY HEX FLANGE HEAD SCREWS - STANDARD
SIZES FOR GOVERNMENT USE
Nominal Diameter and Thread Pitch

Nominal Length M10 X 1.5 M12 X 1.75 M14 X 2 X 2 M20 X 2.5 M16

--izl-
16 1001 6
20 12020
25
30 20030
35
40
45
50
60 Standard
70
80 Diameter and
90
100 10100 Length
110 I
120 Combination
130
140 14140
150 16150 , 120 50

15
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AMERICANNATIONALSTANDARDS FOR BOLTS. NUTS. RIVETS. SCREWS.
WASHERS. AND SIMILAR FASTENERS

Small Solid Rivets .................................................................... 818.1 .1.1972 (R1983)


Large Rivets ......................................................................... B18.1.2-1972 (R1983)
Metric Small SolidRivets ................................................................... B18.1.3M-1983
Square and Hex Bolts and Screws ............................................................. B18.2.1- 1981
Square and Hex Nuts ................................................................ B18.2.2-1972(R1983)
Metric Hex Cap Screws .................................................................. B18.2.3.lM-1979
Metric Formed Hex Screws ............................................................... B18.2.3.2M-1979
Metric HeavylHex Screws ................................................................ B18.2.3.3M-1979
Metric Hex Flange Screws ................................................................ B18.2.3.4M-1984
Metric Hex Bolts ......................................................................... B18.2.3.5M-1979
MetricHeavylHexBolts .................................................................. B18.2.3.6M-1979
Metric Heavy Idex Structural Bolts .......................................................... B18.2.3.7M-1979
Metric Hex Lag Screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B18.2.3.8M-1981
Metric Heavy Iiex Flange Screws ......................................................... B18.2.3.9M-1984
Metric Hex Nuts, Style 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B18.2.4.1M-1979
Metric Hex Nuts, Style 2 .................................................................. B18.2.4.2M-1979
Metric Slotted Hex Nuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B18.2.4.3M-1979
Metric Hex Flange Nuts .................................................................. B18.2.4.4M-1982
Metric Hex Jam Nuts .................................................................... B18.2.4.5M-1979
Metric Heavyliex Nuts ................................................................... B18.2.4.6M-1979
Socket Cap. Shoulder and Set Screws . Inch Series ............................................. B18.3-1982
Socket Head Cap Screws (Metric Series) .................................................... B18.3.1 M-1982
Metric Series HexagonKeys and Bits ........................................................ B18.3.2M-1979
Hexagon Socket Head Shoulder Screws: Metric Series ........................................ B18.3.3M-1979
HexagonSocketButton Head Cap Screws:Metric Series ..................................... B18.3.4M-1979
Hexagon Socket Flat Countersunk Head Cap Screws (Metric Series) ........................... B18.3.5M-1983
Metric Series Hexagon Socket Set Screws ................................................... B18.3.6M-1979
Round Head Bolts(Inch Series) ................................................................. 818.5-1 978
Metric Round Iiead Short Square Neck Bolts ............................................... B18.5.2.1 M-1981
Metric Round liead Square Neck Bolts ..................................................... B18.5.2.2M-1982
WoodScrews ............................................................................... i318.6.1-1981
Slotted Head Cap Screws, Square Head Set Screws, and Slotted Headless Set Screws .... 818.6.2-1972 (R1983)
Machine Screws and Machine Screw Nuts (M-4) ....................................... B1 8.6.3-1972 (R1983)
Thread Forming and Thread Cutting Tapping Screws and Metallic Drive Screws (Inch ...... E 8.6.4-1981
Series) 1 1
General Purpo:;e Semi-Tubular Rivets, Full Tubular Rivets, Split Rivets and Rivet Caps ....... 818.7-1972 (R1980).
Metric General Purpose Semi-Tubular Rivets ................................................. B18.7.1 M-1984
Clevis Pins and Cotter Pins ........................................................... B18.8.1-1972 (R1983)
Taper Pins, Dowel Pins, Straight Pins, Grooved Pins, and Spring Pins (Inch Series) ................ 818.8.2-1978
Plow Bolts ............................................................................ B18.9-1 958 (R1977)
Track Bolts an'd Nuts .......................................................................... B18.10-1982
Miniature Screws .................................................................... B18.1 1-1 961 (R1983)
Glossary of Terms for Mechanical Fasteners ........................................... B18.12-1962 (R1981)
Screwand Washer Assemblies - Sems ............................................... 818.13-1965 (R1983)
Forged Eyebolts .............................................................................. 818.15-1969
Mechanical anld Performance Requirements for Prevailing-Torque Type
Steel Metric Hex Nuts and Hex Flange Nuts ............................................... B18.16.1 M-1979
Torque-Tension Test Requirements for Prevailing-Torque Type
Steel Metric Hex Nuts and Hex Flange Nuts ...................... ........................ B18.16.2M-1979
Dimensional Requirements for Prevailing-Torque Type Steel Metric Hex Nuts
and Hex Flange Nuts .................................................................... B18.16.3M-1982
Wing Nuts, Thumb Screws, andWingScrews ......................................... 818.17-1968 (R1983)
Inspection and Quality Assurance for General Purpose Metric Fasteners ....................... B18.18.1 M-1982
Inspection and Quality Assurance for High-Volume Machine Assembly
Metric Fasteners ........................................................................ B18.18.2M-1982
Inspection and Quality Assurance for Special Purpose Metric Fasteners ....................... B18.18.3M-1982
Inspection and Quality Assurance for Specialized Engineered
Applications - Metric Fasteners ......................................................... B18.18.4M-1982
Lock Washers ..................................................................... 818.21.1-1972(R1983)
Metric Plain Washers ........................................................................ B18.22M- 1981
Plain Washers .................................................................... 818.22.1-1965(R1981)
Beveled Washers .................................................................. ~ ~ ~~
B18.23.1-1967 (R1 975)

MOO 133