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2016 International Conference on Manufacturing Science and Information Engineering (ICMSIE 2016)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-325-0

The Influence to Mine Hoisting Steel Wire


Rope Tension and Deformation from Velocity
and Acceleration

CHENMING WANG, JISHENG WANG, BO DU, LITAO FANG


and SHENGLI ZHANG

ABSTRACT

For studying dynamic characteristics of ultra-deep mine hoisting steel wire


rope, according to the differential equation of mine hoisting steel wire rope
tension and deformation in the lifting process, we establish the corresponding
dynamic simulation model using Matlab-Simulink, carry out simulation
experiments according to the ultra-deep mine simulated test parameters, change
the value of acceleration and velocity in the lifting process, get variation rule of
rope tension and deformation in the lifting process, study the influence to tension
and deformation and vibration frequency from acceleration and velocity, provide
the theoretical basis and data support for optimal hoisting system design.

INTRODUCTION

Deep resource exploration is the national development strategy, the ultra-deep


mine large hoisting equipment is the key equipment to develop deep resources
exploration, the hoisting system test platform is the earlier period
_______________________
Chengming Wang, Jisheng Wang, Bo Du. Citic heavy industry machinery co., LTD,
Luoyang, China.
Chengming Wang. School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, China University of
Mining &Technology, Xuzhou, China.
Chengming Wang, Litao Fang, Shengli Zhang. School of Mechanical Engineering,
Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China

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research foundation of ultra-deep mine large hoisting equipment, hoisting rope
plays a very important role in the hoisting system. In this paper, we carried out
model creation and simulation analysis on the steel wire rope of the simulation
test station, studied the variation rule of the tension and deformation in the lifting
processes, provided the load data which is necessary for the design and
manufacture of ultra-deep mine hoisting equipment.

MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF MINE HOSTING STEEL WIRE ROPE

The hoisting velocity which is shown in figure 1, is a three-stage process,


absolute value of the acceleration and deceleration phase is equal, and wire rope
simplified mechanical model is shown in figure 2.

Figure 1. The velocity diagram of steel Figure 2. The simplified mechanical model of steel
wire rope. wire rope.

Damping of hoisting system and the steel wire rope, relative slip between steel
wire rope and hoisting sheave, and rigidity of other parts are ignored. Under the
above assumptions, we establish differential equations of steel wire rope tension
and deformation in the lifting processes respectively[1-3].
Differential equation of steel wire rope tension in lifting process:

d 2F d 2L d 2L dL dF
ES
g ES / m L / 3 F 2 / L (1)
dt 2 dt 2 dt 2 dt dt

Differential equation of steel wire rope deformation in lifting process:

d 2U d 2L
g 2 ES U 0 U /m L / 3L (2)
dt 2 dt

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In the formula
F tension of steel wire rope on the hoisting sheave, N.
E elastic modulus of steel wire rope, MPa.
S cross-sectional area of steel wire rope, mm2.
g gravity acceleration, m/s2.
m hoist load of steel wire rope, kg.
linear density of steel wire rope, kg/m.
L the suspension length of the steel wire rope from hoisting sheave side, m.
t lift time, s.
U 0 initial elongation of steel wire rope, m.
U the rope-end deformation in the place connected to the cage, m.

THE CREATION OF STEEL WIRE ROPE DYNAMIC SIMUTION


MODEL

Aimed at mine hoisting steel wire rope, senior scholars have carried out a lot
of research[4-7]. According to differential equations, we establish the tension and
deformation model which are shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, by
Matlab-Simulink simulation software. And in the model, the steel wire rope
tension F at the hoisting sheave, tension change rate F , tension change
acceleration F and the rope-end deformation U , deformation rate U ,
deformation acceleration U are shown respectively.

Figure 3. The simulation model of the steel wire rope tension in lifting process.

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Figure 4. The simulation model of steel wire rope-end deformation in lifting process.

SIMULATION PARAMETERS AND RESULTS ANALYSIS OF THE


STEEL WIRE ROPE

Simulation Parameters

Combined with ultra-deep mine large lifting equipment test platform of CITIC
Heavy Industry, the base condition (condition 1) simulation parameters are:
Steel wire rope hoisting load is 1000kg, steel wire rope line density is
0.41kg/m, steel wire rope elastic modulus is 105MPa, cross-sectional area is 52.36
mm2, accelerated speed of both acceleration and deceleration in the lifting process
are 0.75 m/s2, acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2, the maximum speed is 1.8 m/s,
the initial rope length is 5 m, effective hoisting height is 30 m.

Simulation Results and analysis of Lifting Process of the Base Condition


(Condition 1)

The tension and deformation variation rule of base condition (condition 1) are
shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6.

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Figure 5. The tension curve of working Figure 6. The deformation curve of working
condition 1. condition 1.

Through simulation experiments, the maximum tension is Fmax1=1.1196


4
10 N, occurring in the first vibration period of acceleration phase. The minimum
tension Fmin1=8318N, occurring in the first vibration period of deceleration phase.
The maximum and minimum tension cant be got by the calculation and analysis
of the dynamic formula.
For condition 1, the maximum deformation is Umax1=0.076m, occurring in the
first vibration period of acceleration phase. The minimum deformation is
Umin1=0.004m, occurring in the last vibration period of deceleration phase.
When the lifting container is at the lowest position, the calculated value of the
system's natural frequency is 1.947627475Hz, and the simulation value is
1.953697372Hz; when the lifting container is at the highest position, the
calculated value of the system's natural frequency is 5.152941042Hz, and the
simulation value is 4.79616307Hz.

SIMULATION ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECTS OF ACCELERATION ON


TENSION AND DEFORMATION

The Simulation Parameters Set

In order to study the influence to mine hoisting steel wire rope tension and
deformation from accelerationon the basis of condition 1, increased the two
conditions: working condition 2 acceleration is set to 0.5 m/s2, working condition
3 acceleration is set to 1 m/s2, other parameters are same as working condition 1.
Simulation experiment was carried out on the condition 2, 3, tension and
deformation test results are shown in figure 7 and figure 8.

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(a)condition 2 (b) condition 1 (c) condition 3

Figure 7. Tension curve of condition 2, 1, 3.

(a)condition 2 (b) condition 1 (c) condition 3

Figure 8. Deformation curve of condition 2, 1, 3.

The Wire Rope Tension And Deformation Rule Comparative Analysis Of


Working Condition 2,1,3

Tension and deformation and frequency under different acceleration, as shown


in table I, table II and table III.

TABLE I. THE WIRE ROPE TENSION UNDER DIFFERENT ACCELERATION.


Working condition Accelerationm/s2 Max tensionN Min tension(N)
Condition 2 0.5 10747 8866.6

Condition 1 0.75 11196 8318

Condition 3 1 11722 7657.1

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In the working condition 2, 1, 3, the simulation result shows that the change of
the acceleration in the lifting process has significant effect on the steel wire rope
tension values. With the increase of the acceleration, the maximum tension
increases, but the minimum tension decreases, the variation range of dynamic
tension increases in each period.

TABLE II. THE WIRE ROPE DEFORMATION UNDER DIFFERENT ACCELERATION.


Working condition Accelerationm/s2 Max deformation(m) Min deformation m
Condition 2 0.5 0.0728 0.0071015
Condition 1 0.75 0.076 0.004

Condition 3 1 0.0789 -0.00067

With the increase of the accelerationthe maximum deformation increases,


and the minimum deformation decreases, the variation range of wire rope
deformation increases in each period.

TABLE III. THE NATURAL FREQUENCY OF SYSTEM UNDER DIFFERENT


ACCELERATION.
Working Acceleration Frequency in the Frequency in the
2
condition m/s top(Hz) bottom(Hz)
Condition 2 0.5 4.98504487 1.94137061

Condition 1 0.75 4.79616307 1.953697372

Condition 3 1 5.04286435 1.94099379

Frequency: with the increase of the acceleration, the system simulation


frequency at the highest position increase after decreases first, the system
simulation frequency at the lowest position decreases after increases first, both of
them are irregular.

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SIMULATION ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECTS OF VELOCITY ON
TENSION AND DEFORMATION

The Simulation Parameters Set

In order to study the influence to tension and deformation from maximum


hoisting velocity in the lifting process, on the basis of working condition 1,
increased the two conditions: working condition 4 maximum hoisting velocity is
set to 1 m/s, working condition 5 maximum hoisting velocity is set to 2.6 m/s,
other parameters are same as working condition1.
Make simulation experiment according to working condition 4, 5. Tension and
deformation test results are shown in figure 9 and figure 10.

(a)condition 4 (b) condition 1 (c) condition 5

Figure 9. Tension curve of working condition 4, 1, 5.

(a) condition 4 (b) condition 1 (c) condition 5

Figure 10. Deformation curve of working condition 4, 1, 5.

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The Wire Rope Tension and Deformation Rule Comparative Analysis of
Working Condition 4,1,5

Tensiondeformation and frequency under different velocity, are shown in


table IV, table V and table VI.

TABLE IV. THE WIRE ROPE TENSION UNDER DIFFERENT VELOCITY.


Working condition velocitym/s Max tensionN Min tension(N)
Condition 4 1 11196 8325.9

Condition 1 1.8 11196 8318

Condition 5 2.6 11196 8367.4

In the working condition 4, 1, 5, the simulation result shows that, with the
increase of maximum hoisting velocity, the maximum tension of wire rope has no
change, minimum tension increase after the decreases, but decrease and increase
amplitude are very small, dynamic tension change in acceleration and
deceleration is small, almost no change, but dynamic tension variation amplitude
in the uniform speed phase decreases gradually.

TABLE V. THE WIRE ROPE DEFORMATION UNDER DIFFERENT VELOCITY.


Working condition velocitym/s Max deformationm Min deformation(m)
Condition 4 1 0.076 0.0027

Condition 1 1.8 0.076 0.004

Condition 5 2.6 0.076 0.006

With the increase of maximum hoisting velocity, the maximum deformation of


wire rope has no change, the minimum deformation increases gradually;
Deformation amplitude in the acceleration period has little change, uniform
motion and deceleration period deformation amplitude decrease.

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TABLE VI. THE NATURAL FREQUENCY OF SYSTEM UNDER DIFFERENT VELOCITY.
Working Frequency in the Frequency in the
Velocity m/s
condition top(Hz) bottom(Hz)
5.00751127 1.93087469
Condition 4 1

4.79616307 1.953697372
Condition 1 1.8

5.05050505 1.93050193
Condition 5 2.6

Frequency: with the increase of maximum hoisting velocity, the system


simulation frequency at the highest position increase after decreases first, the
system simulation frequency at the lowest position decreases after increases first,
both of them are irregular.

SUMMARY

In the design process of mine hoist, special attention should be paid to the
acceleration value in the process of acceleration and deceleration phase, to ensure
that the wire rope strength meet the maximum dynamic tension. The simulation
experiment results are helpful to know wire rope tension and deformation rules,
they can make the stress analysis of lifting machine and its bearing become
more accurate, urge lifting machine weight and its bearing configuration
reduction, promote technology innovation of machine design, and certain
economic and social benefits are obtained.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Fund Project: National 973 project funding (ID: 2014CB049401,


2014CB049402).

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