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ISBN: 978-1-60595-325-0

Rope Tension and Deformation from Velocity

and Acceleration

and SHENGLI ZHANG

ABSTRACT

rope, according to the differential equation of mine hoisting steel wire rope

tension and deformation in the lifting process, we establish the corresponding

dynamic simulation model using Matlab-Simulink, carry out simulation

experiments according to the ultra-deep mine simulated test parameters, change

the value of acceleration and velocity in the lifting process, get variation rule of

rope tension and deformation in the lifting process, study the influence to tension

and deformation and vibration frequency from acceleration and velocity, provide

the theoretical basis and data support for optimal hoisting system design.

INTRODUCTION

mine large hoisting equipment is the key equipment to develop deep resources

exploration, the hoisting system test platform is the earlier period

_______________________

Chengming Wang, Jisheng Wang, Bo Du. Citic heavy industry machinery co., LTD,

Luoyang, China.

Chengming Wang. School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, China University of

Mining &Technology, Xuzhou, China.

Chengming Wang, Litao Fang, Shengli Zhang. School of Mechanical Engineering,

Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China

296

research foundation of ultra-deep mine large hoisting equipment, hoisting rope

plays a very important role in the hoisting system. In this paper, we carried out

model creation and simulation analysis on the steel wire rope of the simulation

test station, studied the variation rule of the tension and deformation in the lifting

processes, provided the load data which is necessary for the design and

manufacture of ultra-deep mine hoisting equipment.

absolute value of the acceleration and deceleration phase is equal, and wire rope

simplified mechanical model is shown in figure 2.

Figure 1. The velocity diagram of steel Figure 2. The simplified mechanical model of steel

wire rope. wire rope.

Damping of hoisting system and the steel wire rope, relative slip between steel

wire rope and hoisting sheave, and rigidity of other parts are ignored. Under the

above assumptions, we establish differential equations of steel wire rope tension

and deformation in the lifting processes respectively[1-3].

Differential equation of steel wire rope tension in lifting process:

d 2F d 2L d 2L dL dF

ES

g ES / m L / 3 F 2 / L (1)

dt 2 dt 2 dt 2 dt dt

d 2U d 2L

g 2 ES U 0 U /m L / 3L (2)

dt 2 dt

297

In the formula

F tension of steel wire rope on the hoisting sheave, N.

E elastic modulus of steel wire rope, MPa.

S cross-sectional area of steel wire rope, mm2.

g gravity acceleration, m/s2.

m hoist load of steel wire rope, kg.

linear density of steel wire rope, kg/m.

L the suspension length of the steel wire rope from hoisting sheave side, m.

t lift time, s.

U 0 initial elongation of steel wire rope, m.

U the rope-end deformation in the place connected to the cage, m.

MODEL

Aimed at mine hoisting steel wire rope, senior scholars have carried out a lot

of research[4-7]. According to differential equations, we establish the tension and

deformation model which are shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, by

Matlab-Simulink simulation software. And in the model, the steel wire rope

tension F at the hoisting sheave, tension change rate F , tension change

acceleration F and the rope-end deformation U , deformation rate U ,

deformation acceleration U are shown respectively.

Figure 3. The simulation model of the steel wire rope tension in lifting process.

298

Figure 4. The simulation model of steel wire rope-end deformation in lifting process.

STEEL WIRE ROPE

Simulation Parameters

Combined with ultra-deep mine large lifting equipment test platform of CITIC

Heavy Industry, the base condition (condition 1) simulation parameters are:

Steel wire rope hoisting load is 1000kg, steel wire rope line density is

0.41kg/m, steel wire rope elastic modulus is 105MPa, cross-sectional area is 52.36

mm2, accelerated speed of both acceleration and deceleration in the lifting process

are 0.75 m/s2, acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2, the maximum speed is 1.8 m/s,

the initial rope length is 5 m, effective hoisting height is 30 m.

(Condition 1)

The tension and deformation variation rule of base condition (condition 1) are

shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6.

299

Figure 5. The tension curve of working Figure 6. The deformation curve of working

condition 1. condition 1.

4

10 N, occurring in the first vibration period of acceleration phase. The minimum

tension Fmin1=8318N, occurring in the first vibration period of deceleration phase.

The maximum and minimum tension cant be got by the calculation and analysis

of the dynamic formula.

For condition 1, the maximum deformation is Umax1=0.076m, occurring in the

first vibration period of acceleration phase. The minimum deformation is

Umin1=0.004m, occurring in the last vibration period of deceleration phase.

When the lifting container is at the lowest position, the calculated value of the

system's natural frequency is 1.947627475Hz, and the simulation value is

1.953697372Hz; when the lifting container is at the highest position, the

calculated value of the system's natural frequency is 5.152941042Hz, and the

simulation value is 4.79616307Hz.

TENSION AND DEFORMATION

In order to study the influence to mine hoisting steel wire rope tension and

deformation from accelerationon the basis of condition 1, increased the two

conditions: working condition 2 acceleration is set to 0.5 m/s2, working condition

3 acceleration is set to 1 m/s2, other parameters are same as working condition 1.

Simulation experiment was carried out on the condition 2, 3, tension and

deformation test results are shown in figure 7 and figure 8.

300

(a)condition 2 (b) condition 1 (c) condition 3

Working Condition 2,1,3

in table I, table II and table III.

Working condition Accelerationm/s2 Max tensionN Min tension(N)

Condition 2 0.5 10747 8866.6

301

In the working condition 2, 1, 3, the simulation result shows that the change of

the acceleration in the lifting process has significant effect on the steel wire rope

tension values. With the increase of the acceleration, the maximum tension

increases, but the minimum tension decreases, the variation range of dynamic

tension increases in each period.

Working condition Accelerationm/s2 Max deformation(m) Min deformation m

Condition 2 0.5 0.0728 0.0071015

Condition 1 0.75 0.076 0.004

and the minimum deformation decreases, the variation range of wire rope

deformation increases in each period.

ACCELERATION.

Working Acceleration Frequency in the Frequency in the

2

condition m/s top(Hz) bottom(Hz)

Condition 2 0.5 4.98504487 1.94137061

frequency at the highest position increase after decreases first, the system

simulation frequency at the lowest position decreases after increases first, both of

them are irregular.

302

SIMULATION ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECTS OF VELOCITY ON

TENSION AND DEFORMATION

hoisting velocity in the lifting process, on the basis of working condition 1,

increased the two conditions: working condition 4 maximum hoisting velocity is

set to 1 m/s, working condition 5 maximum hoisting velocity is set to 2.6 m/s,

other parameters are same as working condition1.

Make simulation experiment according to working condition 4, 5. Tension and

deformation test results are shown in figure 9 and figure 10.

303

The Wire Rope Tension and Deformation Rule Comparative Analysis of

Working Condition 4,1,5

table IV, table V and table VI.

Working condition velocitym/s Max tensionN Min tension(N)

Condition 4 1 11196 8325.9

In the working condition 4, 1, 5, the simulation result shows that, with the

increase of maximum hoisting velocity, the maximum tension of wire rope has no

change, minimum tension increase after the decreases, but decrease and increase

amplitude are very small, dynamic tension change in acceleration and

deceleration is small, almost no change, but dynamic tension variation amplitude

in the uniform speed phase decreases gradually.

Working condition velocitym/s Max deformationm Min deformation(m)

Condition 4 1 0.076 0.0027

wire rope has no change, the minimum deformation increases gradually;

Deformation amplitude in the acceleration period has little change, uniform

motion and deceleration period deformation amplitude decrease.

304

TABLE VI. THE NATURAL FREQUENCY OF SYSTEM UNDER DIFFERENT VELOCITY.

Working Frequency in the Frequency in the

Velocity m/s

condition top(Hz) bottom(Hz)

5.00751127 1.93087469

Condition 4 1

4.79616307 1.953697372

Condition 1 1.8

5.05050505 1.93050193

Condition 5 2.6

simulation frequency at the highest position increase after decreases first, the

system simulation frequency at the lowest position decreases after increases first,

both of them are irregular.

SUMMARY

In the design process of mine hoist, special attention should be paid to the

acceleration value in the process of acceleration and deceleration phase, to ensure

that the wire rope strength meet the maximum dynamic tension. The simulation

experiment results are helpful to know wire rope tension and deformation rules,

they can make the stress analysis of lifting machine and its bearing become

more accurate, urge lifting machine weight and its bearing configuration

reduction, promote technology innovation of machine design, and certain

economic and social benefits are obtained.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

2014CB049402).

REFERENCES

1. Y.X. Peng, Z.C. Zhu, G.A. Chen. 2009. Theoretical analysis of thermoviscoelastic contact

between friction lining and wire rope in mine friction hoists, Mining Science and

Technology, (19):0518-0521.

2. H.X. Chen, S. Liu, Q.T. Tang. 2008. Dynamic simulation and analysis of mine hoisting

cable based on SIMULINK, Mining Processing Equipment, (9):44-47.

305

3. S.R. Yan, B.C.Wen.1998. The computer simulation of hoisting rope tension, Coal Mine

Machinery, (3):4-6.

4. J.H. Bao, P. Zhang, C.M. Zhu, W. Sun. 2014. Transverse vibration of flexible hoisting rope

with time-varying length, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology.28 (2) :457-466.

5. P. Peterka, J. Kreak, S. Kropuch, G. Fedorko, V. Molnar, M. Vojtko. 2014. Failure analysis

of hoisting steel wire rope, Engineering Failure Analysis, (45): 96-105.

6. Kaczmarczyka S, Ostachowicz W. 2003. Transient vibration phenomena in deep mine

hoisting cables. Part 2: Numerical simulation of the dynamic response, Journal of Sound and

Vibration (262):245-289.

7. Etsujiro I, Takao N, Takahiro K. 2009. Dynamic simulation of wire rope with contact,

Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology (23):1083-1088.

306

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