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International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056

Volume: 03 Issue: 06 | June-2016 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

PERFORMANCE, EMISSION AND COMBUSTION TEST ON CI ENGINE BY USING


SIMAROUBA BIODIESEL AND DIESEL BLENDS

SIDDESH .N. BEVINAHALLI [1], MANJUNATH .B. SASI[2], AVINASH.A.H[3], JISHAN .D.S[4]
[1]Assistant Proff , Department of Mechanical Engg Rural Engineering College Hulkoti. sid.bevinahalli@gmail.com
[2,3,4](Students Department of Mechanical Engg ,Rural Engineering College Hulkoti. manjunath01.bs@gmail.)

Abstract :The depletion of world petroleum reserves produced from the products of conventional food crops
and increased environmental concern has stimulated such as the starch, sugar and oil feed stocks from crops
the search of alternative fuel which is to be environment that include wheat, maize, sugar cane, palm oil and oilseed
friendly. Bio-fuels have the potential to become rape. Some researchers fear that a major switch to biofuels
alternative fuel for fossil fuels. Biodiesel is renewable, from such crops would create a direct competition with
reliable, biodegradable and regarded as a clean their use for food and animal feed, and claim that in some
alternative fuel to reduce exhaust emissions. In recent parts of the world the economic consequences are already
years, much research has been carried to find suitable visible, other researchers look at the land available and the
alternative fuel to petroleum products. In the present enormous areas of idle and abandoned land and claim that
investigation experimental work has been carried out to there is room for a large proportion of biofuel also from
analyze the performance and emissions characteristics conventional crops.
of a single cylinder compression ignition DI engine
fuelled with the blends of mineral diesel and biodiesel. Biofuels are considered among the most promising and
The simarouba biodiesel is considered as alternative economically viable alternative option, as they can be
fuel to diesel. A large amount of tree borne oils and fats produced locally, within the country, and can be
are available for biodiesel production in developing and substituted for diesel and petrol to meet the
under develop countries. Simarouba glauca oil is one of transportation sectors requirements. Then there wouldnt
these oils. be dependency on foreign oils, helping boost the countrys
overall economy.[1,8]
KeyWords: Diesel, Biodiesel ,Simarouba biodiesel(SOME),
transesterification, Performance, Emission Characteristics. India is a diesel-deficit nation and demand has far out
striped supply. India's diesel production will not be able to
keep pace with the rapidly growing demand. Government's
1. INTRODUCTION pricing policy now allows oil companies to decide prices.
Diesel is not much cheaper than petrol any more. Diesel
Befouls are a serious option to compete with oil in the demand in the country is growing at an annual rate of 8%.
transport system compared to other technologies such as At this rate India will need a brand new 9 Million Tons per
hydrogen, because biofuel technologies are already well year refinery every year. The automobiles industry has
developed and available in many countries. Bioethanol and estimated that the share of diesel vehicles, in overall
biodiesel can be mixed with the petroleum products vehicle sales has crossed the 40% mark. The price of fuels
(gasoline and diesel) they are substituting for and can be is now going to be in line with price of crude oil. Hence the
burned in traditional combustion engines with blends Petrol and Diesel prices are now in line with international
containing up to 10 per cent biofuels without the need for price levels, which makes befoul economically attractive.
engine modifications.
2. Material and Methodology.
Biofuel development and use is a complex issue because
there are many biofuel options which are available. Common Process of Biodiesel Production:
Biofuels, such as ethanol and biodiesel, are currently

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International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056
Volume: 03 Issue: 06 | June-2016 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

Biodiesel derived from biological resources is a renewable


fuel, which has drawn more and more attention recently. A
fatty acid methyl ester is the chemical composition of
biodiesel. Transesterification is widely used for the
1transformation of triglyceride into fatty acid methyl ester.
The manufacturing process is based on the
transesterification of triglycerides by alcohols to fatty acid
methyl esters, with glycerol as a byproduct. The base
catalyzed production of biodiesel generally has the
following processes.
Transesterification: This is most commonly used process
in production of biodiesel. It is most commonly used and
important method to reduce the viscosity of vegetable oils.
In this process triglyceride reacts with three molecules of
alcohol in the presence of a catalyst producing a mixture of
fatty acids, alkyl ester and glycerol. The process of removal
of all the glycerol and the fatty acids from the vegetable oil
in the presence of a catalyst is called esterification.
Fig 2.Engine setup

Engine Specification

Product VCR Engine test setup 1


cylinder, 4 stroke, Diesel
(Comp.)
Engine Make Kirloskar, Type 1 cyl.
4 stroke Diesel, water
cooled, power 3.5kW at
1500rpm, stroke 110mm,
and bore 87.5mm. 661cc,
CR17.5, Modified to VCR
Fig1 .Transesterification Process engine CR 12 to 18. with
electric start arrangement,
Table 1 Simarouba biodiesel blends compare with diesel battery and charger
Dynamometer Type eddy current, water
properties diese Some Some Some Som
cooled,
l B10 B20 B30 e
B10 Load sensor Load cell, type strain gauge,
0 range 050 Kg
Flash 57 61 60 64 154
Compression ratio 17.5:1
point(0c)
Fire point(0c) 63 66 64 66 173
Density(Kg/ 830 833. 837. 841.1 867
m 3) 7 4
Viscosity 2.9 3.09 3.28 3.47 4.8
(Cst)
CV(KJ/Kg) 4250 4223 4196 41690 398
0 0 0 00

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International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056
Volume: 03 Issue: 06 | June-2016 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

3.RESULTS AND DISCUSIONS

3.1 PERFORMANCE CHARECTERSTICS (SOME)

3.11 LOAD VS BREAK THERMAL EFFICIENCY

Engine Speed :1500, IT:23 deg


bTDC,CR:17.5, IOP:210bar ,Fuel Used: Simarouba
Biodiesel
35
30
25
DIESEL
20
BTE,%

SOME B10
15
SOME B20
10
SOME B30
5 SOME B100
0
0 2.4 4.8 7.2 9.6 12
load,(kg)

Fig 3. LOAD VS BTE

3.12 LOAD VS SFC

3.13 LOAD VS VOLUMETRIC EFFICIENCY


Engine Speed :1500, IT:23 deg
bTDC,CR:17.5, IOP:210bar ,Fuel Used: Simarouba
Biodiesel Engine Speed :1500, IT:23 deg
bTDC,CR:17.5, IOP:210bar ,Fuel Used: Simarouba
Biodiesel
0.8
0.7
75
0.6
DIESEL
Volumetric Efficiency,%
SFC,kg/kw.hr

74.5
0.5
74 DIESEL
0.4 SOME B10
0.3 73.5
SOME B10
0.2 SOME B20 73
72.5 SOME B20
0.1
SOME B30
0 72 SOME B30
0 2.4 4.8 7.2 9.6 12 71.5
Load ,(kg) 0 2.4 4.8 7.2 9.6 12

Fig 4.LOAD VS SFC load,(kg)

Fig 5 .LOAD VS VOL EFF

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International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056
Volume: 03 Issue: 06 | June-2016 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

3.14 LOAD VS EGT


3.22 LOAD VS CO

Engine Speed :1500, IT:23 deg


bTDC,CR:17.5, IOP:210bar ,Fuel Used: Simarouba Engine Speed :1500, IT:23 deg
Biodiesel bTDC,CR:17.5, IOP:210bar ,Fuel Used: Simarouba
Biodiesel
0.12
350
300 DIESEL 0.1

250 SOME 0.08 SOME B10


EGT(0C)

200 B10

CO,%
SOME B20
SOME 0.06
150 SOME B30
B20
100 SOME 0.04
B30 SOME B100
50 SOME 0.02 DIESEL
0 B100
0 2.4 4.8 7.2 9.6 12 0
0 2.4 4.8 7.2 9.6 12
Load(Kg) load,(kg)

Fig 6.LOAD VS EGT Fig 8.LOAD VS CO

3.2 EMISSIONS CHARECTERSTIC (SOME) 3.23 LOAD VS NOX

3.21 LOAD VS HC Engine Speed :1500, IT:23 deg


bTDC,CR:17.5, IOP:210bar ,Fuel Used: Simarouba
Biodiesel
Engine Speed :1500, IT:23 deg
bTDC,CR:17.5, IOP:210bar ,Fuel Used: Simarouba
Biodiesel 1400

30 1200

1000 SOME
25
B10
Nox,ppm

20 SOME B10 800 SOME


HC,ppm

15 SOME B20 600 B20


10 SOME B30 SOME
400 B30
5 SOME B100
200 SOME
0 DIESEL B100
0
0 2.4 4.8 7.2 9.6 12 DIESEL
0 2.4 4.8 7.2 9.6 12
load,(kg)
Load,(kg)

Fig 7.LOAD VS HC Fig 9.LOAD VS NOX

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International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056
Volume: 03 Issue: 06 | June-2016 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

3.24 LOAD VS CO2

3.3 COMBUSTION PARAMETERS (SOME)


Engine Speed :1500, IT:23 deg
bTDC,CR:17.5, IOP:210bar ,Fuel Used: Simarouba
3.31 CRANK ANGNLE VS CYLINDER PRESSURE
Biodiesel
3.5 Speed:1500 rpm,Inj.Timing:23 Deg.bTDC,CR:17.5,
60
IOP:210, Fuel Used:SOME
3
50 Diesel
2.5 SOME B30 SOME-B10

Cylinder Pressure (bar)


SOME-B20
CO2,%

2 SOME B20 40
SOME-B30
SOME-B100
1.5 SOME B10 30

1 SOME B100 20
0.5
DIESEL
10
0
0 2.4 4.8 7.2 9.6 12 0
load,(kg)
280 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 440 460
Crank Angle (Deg.)
Fig 10. LOAD VS CO2

Fig 12.CRANK ANGLE VS CYLINDER PRESSURE

3.25 LOAD VS O2 3.32 CRANK ANGLE VS NET HEAT REALEASE

Engine Speed :1500, IT:23 deg Speed:1500 rpm,Inj.Timing:23 Deg.bTDC,CR:17.5,


bTDC,CR:17.5, IOP:210bar ,Fuel Used: Simarouba IOP:210 bar ,Fuel Used:SOME
Biodiesel 50
Net Heat Release Rate (J/Deg.CA)

Diesel
18.5 40 SOME-B10
SOME-B20
SOME-B30
30 SOME-B100
18
20
DIESEL
17.5
O2,%

SOME B20 10

17 SOME B30 0

SOME B100 -10


16.5 320 340 360 380 400 420

SOME B10 Crank Angle (Deg.)

16 Fig 13.CRANK ANGLE VS NET HEAT RELEASE


0 2.4 4.8 7.2 9.6 12
Load,(kg)

Fig 11.LOAD VS O2

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International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056
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CONCLUSION REFERENCES

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