You are on page 1of 13

Professional Literature Description and Template

Exploring the Literature


Article #1

Bib. Information (APA Vigdor , J. L., Ladd, H. F., & Martinez, E. (July 2014). SCALING THE DIGITAL DIVIDE: HOME COMPUTER
Formatting): TECHNOLOGYAND STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT. Economic Inquiry, 52(3), 1003-1019. Retrieved September 13, 2017,
from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ecin.12089/epdf
Author(s) Affiliation: The authors are researchers via Economic Inquiry, an online journal.

Type of Resource: This work is a scholarly journal article from Economic Inquiry.
(Scholarly /Trade/Other)
Summary of essential This article discusses the benefits of technology, specifically affecting math and reading achievement levels of students
information: given that technology is universally accessible.
Way in which this The article mentions some great statistics related to the accessibility and benefits of technology:
source influences the This access rate differs by race and socioeconomic status. Almost 90% of White students have a computer at home,
field related to your compared to75% of Black students. (1006)
inquiry (ex. Math It is also conceivable that universal access to computer technology might facilitate the introduction of new curriculum
teaching/learning or pedagogical techniques within schools that could improve student performance and narrow disparities. (1117)
elementary)
Potential relevance to The article expresses the impact technology can have on student achievement given that there is universal access. The
your research topic and affect would most likely be seen on math and reading achievement scores.
study:
Stage of action research List all stages of the action research process where this source will be used and briefly describe how it has informed
where the source will your work.
be used: Background- I will use this article to help with background data on the topic.
Design-The information will help me develop my pre-survey questions and observation log.
Data Collection/Analysis Methodology- This article supports my data collection mentioning how technology can only
be beneficial when it is accessible.
Article #2

Bib. Appling, T. (2015). THE EFFECT OF 1:1 TECHNOLOGY ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT (Doctoral dissertation, University
Information of Central Missouri) [Abstract]. Retrieved September 14, 2017, from
(APA http://centralspace.ucmo.edu/bitstream/handle/123456789/396/Appling_LIBRARY.pdf;jsessionid=CE8BD8CE7828CAEF1F9C
Formatting): 9616C8D6D193?sequence=1

Author(s) Tanya Appling presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Library and
Affiliation: Informational Services in the Department of Educational Leadership and Human Development University of Central Missouri

Type of This is a scholarly research report.


Resource:
(Scholarly
/Trade/Other)
Summary of In summary, This is a literature review that supports the notion that 1:1 technology initiatives do raise the achievement scores
essential of students.
information: *1:1 technology initiatives in national school districts could help students build 21st century skills: collaboration, critical
thinking, and the ability to analyze information. (1)
* Athletes, those with learning disabilities, students with medical problems, gifted and talented students, and a myriad of other
types of pupils seem to thrive in the virtual environment. (8)
* Kelly Walsh (2012) explains that, With 1:1 technology, content delivery can be differentiated, particularly through video.
Videos can be paused and viewed multiple times by students for whom the traditional lecture moves too quickly. Far better still,
however, the entire model of content delivery through lecture-based learning can be replaced by student research or even
project-based learning (para. 3). (11)
* Technology is a tool that must be utilized regularly in the classroom if students are going to be successful in the 21st century
(Educators, Technology, and 21st Century Skills, 2010), and 1:1 technology enables teachers and students to have easy
access to this tool on a daily basis (12)
* Looking at several research studies, evidence indicates that incorporating technology into the classroom raises student
motivation and consequent learning. (12)
* Digital natives respond well to technology infused activities because of their familiarity with technology (p. 3), and
teachers who regularly use technology in their lessons see an increase in
student motivation to develop knowledge of a particular subject, work on computer skills, and
consequently, writing skills (SRI International, n.d) (13)
* The results showed an increase in student engagement
during lessons, thus creating the conclusion that utilizing a variety of media has a positive impact
on motivation depending on how often it was used and what elements the students and teachers
interacted with (Gardner, 2011). (14)
* Using at-risk high school students as subjects in her study, she concluded, that students are
positively motivated to learn when technology is used as a vehicle to deliver instructional content
at [the] school (2011, p. 68) (15)
* These skills are collaboration, critical thinking, creativity, and communication (NEA, n.d). When teachers construct lessons
with the four cs in mind, using technology as a tool, learning and student motivation increase. Todays learners are ready for
collaboration, communication, creativity, and critical thinking. (16)
* Because of technology, communication has become more open and fluid. (25)
* Connecting with one another from across the country and the globe,
teachers are no longer limited to the building in which they work to find resources for their
1:1 Technology on Student Achievement 26
classrooms; teachers now have the capabilities to collaborate with other professionals who are
outside the traditional boundaries of communication. Skype, Twitter, blogs, videos, and other
forms of media have allowed teachers expand their knowledge of the teaching professions in
ways previously not possible. (26)
Way in which This article contains very valuable information and research that will be used to support my research question pertaining to the
this source benefits of technology on student achievement,
influences the
field related
to your
inquiry (ex.
Math
teaching/lear
ning
elementary)
Potential
relevance to
your research
topic and
study:
Stage of List all stages of the action research process where this source will be used and briefly describe how it has informed your
action work.
research Data Collection/Analysis Methodology-This article will assist me in collecting data in regards to 1:1 technology. I believe it is
where the one of the few articles I retrieved related to this topic.
source will be Findings/Conclusions- This article will aid in my conclusion, being that it provides some good statistics and quotes that will
used: be used to explain the role/benefit of technology.
Implications/Action Planning- This article aims to support my prediction about the effects of technology.

Article #3

Bib. Information (APA Restuccia, D. (n.d.). The Results Are In: How Technology Affects Student Learning. Retrieved September 14, 2017, from
Formatting): http://www.teacherinformation.org/the-results-are-in-how-technology-affects-student-learning/
Author(s) Affiliation: N/A

Type of Resource: This article represents a website, TeacherInformation.org.


(Scholarly /Trade/Other)
Summary of essential The article highlights the key advantages provided by technology for 21st century learners including:
information: *increased motivation and engagement
*More willingness to participate
*Closing the learning gap
*Individualized learning
*Increasing self-esteem in learners
Way in which this This article ties into my field of research by stating some key pros of technology on student achievement in a basic way.
source influences the
field related to your
inquiry (ex. Math
teaching/learning
elementary)
Potential relevance to This article relates to my research topic, highlighting key benefits of technology on student learners.
your research topic and
study:
Stage of action research List all stages of the action research process where this source will be used and briefly describe how it has informed your
where the source will work.
be used: Data Collection/Analysis Methodology- This article will assist me with the particular questions used for my study, aimed at
analyzing the key advantages described above.
Findings/Conclusions- This article will aid with providing key points in support of my research findings.
Implications/Action Planning- This article aims to support my prediction about the effects of technology.
Article #4

Bib. Information (APA Friedman, S. (2014). Technology that Supports Early Learning Three Examples. NAEYC. Retrieved September 14,
Formatting): 2017, from http://www.naeyc.org/blog/technology-support-early-learning

Author(s) Affiliation: The author is a blogger as part of NAEYC journal.

Type of Resource: This is a scholarly resource from NAEYC journal.


(Scholarly /Trade/Other)
Summary of essential This article overviews the role of technology and provides three examples of technology that supports early learning
information: including:
*digital stories help dual language learners
*Virtual tours help build social connections
*Supports family involvement and readiness for migrant children

Way in which this The article provides 3 good examples of ways in which technology affects children in early childhood settings.
source influences the
field related to your
inquiry (ex. Math
teaching/learning
elementary)
Potential relevance to This article relates to my research by providing key information and data related to technology and its impact on
your research topic and educational outcomes of students.
study:
Stage of action research List all stages of the action research process where this source will be used and briefly describe how it has informed
where the source will your work.
be used: Background- It provides background knowledge of technology and ways in which it would support certain populations in
ECE.
Data Collection/Analysis Methodology- This article assists with my data collection since I can specifically look at how
virtual tours affect preschool aged children.
Implications/Action Planning- This article aims to support my prediction about the effects of technology.
Article #5

Bib. Information Andrade, D. (2012, January 17). The How's, Why's and Value of Educational Technology. Retrieved September 26, 2017,
(APA Formatting): from http://educationaltechnologyguy.blogspot.com/2012/01/hows-whys-and-value-of-educational.html
Author(s) Affiliation: David Andrade: Educator, Educational Technology Specialist, Educational Administrator, Educational Leadership,
Project Management, IT Management, Pedagogy and Curriculum Development.

Google Apps Certified Administrator


Google Apps Certified Deployment Specialist
Google Apps Certified Trainer
Google Certified Educator
Microsoft Certified Innovative Educator
Type of Resource: This is a trade article, informing about the benefits of educational technology.
(Scholarly /Trade/Other)
Summary of essential There are many types of technology that exist.
information: Students can visualize more difficult concepts better.
It is a great communication tool; blogs, websites, messaging.
Technology can also be used to differentiate teaching and learning.
Technology can save money on paper, textbooks and other resources.
Way in which this This article relates to my topic since I am analyzing the benefits of technology in relation to preschool aged and high school
source influences the aged children. It briefly outlines the key advantages to teachers and students.
field related to your
inquiry (ex. Math
teaching/learning
elementary)
Potential relevance to It stresses the importance of educational technology in the classroom.
your research topic
and study:
Stage of action List all stages of the action research process where this source will be used and briefly describe how it has informed your
research where the work.
source will be used: Background- This article could be used to explain some background on the topic of technology and the types of edtech
available- using this for Context/Background section of the Weebly
Design- This article helps build questions about technology for my surveys and focus group questions.
Article #6

Bib. Information (APA Donahue, C. (winter 2012-2013). Technology can benefit young children when used appropriately, says Donohue. Erikson
Formatting): on Children. Retrieved September 26, 2017, from https://www.erikson.edu/news/technology-can-benefit-young-children-
when-used-appropriately-says-donohue/
Author(s) Affiliation: Chip Donohue, dean of distance learning and continuing education, for his insights. In March, Donohue launched
Eriksons TEC Center, which stands for Technology in Early Childhood, with the support of The Boeing Company.
Type of Resource: This is a scholarly article in conjunction with Erikson.
(Scholarly /Trade/Other)
Summary of essential The article discusses the specific ways in which technology can be beneficial to children, as long as it is used
information: appropriately.
We cannot assume that children have technology access at home.
Donahue persuades teachers and caregivers to trust their instincts when too much technology is utilized.
It is the job of the parent/caregiver to bridge technology to real-life experiences by asking questions and assisting
with learning.
Way in which this This is related to technology and outlines the best ways to use technology for benefit.
source influences the
field related to your
inquiry (ex. Math
teaching/learning
elementary)
Potential relevance to This relates to my research topic in that it discusses ways in which teachers and caregivers should be adopting technology
your research topic and (habits, questioning, etc.)
study:
Stage of action research List all stages of the action research process where this source will be used and briefly describe how it has informed
where the source will your work.
be used: Findings/Conclusions-This article discusses the parameters of using the technology for the right purposes in the
classroom and will be used in my findings and conclusion.
Implications/Action Planning- This article aims to support my prediction about the effects of technology.
Article #7

Bib. Information (APA 5 Reasons to Incorporate Technology into Your Classroom [update]. (23, May 2017). Retrieved October 12, 2017, from
Formatting): https://www.capella.edu/blogs/cublog/benefits-of-technology-in-the-classroom/
Author(s) Affiliation: This article originated from Capella university. Author is unknown.

Type of Resource: This is a scholarly research article.


(Scholarly /Trade/Other)
Summary of essential The article outlines the basic 5 ways in which technology can be beneficial.
information: 1. Engages students and creates active learners- interactive lessons can make learning more fun
2. Encourages individual learning and growth- provides accommodations for all types of learners
3. Facilitates peer collaboration
4. Prepares students for the real world- teaches students how to collaborate effectively with technology.
5. Creates more engaged and successful teachers- better time management, virtual lesson plans, etc.
Way in which this This article directly relates to the field of study by providing proof and reasons for the benefits of technology in the
source influences the classroom.
field related to your
inquiry (ex. Math
teaching/learning
elementary)
Potential relevance to This article relates to the topic since it covers the ways in which technology can be beneficial.
your research topic and
study:
Stage of action research List all stages of the action research process where this source will be used and briefly describe how it has informed
where the source will your work.
be used: Background- This article could be used as in the background section of my Weebly for a brief summary of educational
technology.
Findings/Conclusions This article will be used to support my findings on the effect of technology since it outlines the
top 5 reasons technology could assist with student learning.
Implications/Action Planning- This article aims to support my prediction about the effects of technology.
Article #8

Bib. Information (APA Young, G., & MacCormack, J. (2014, June). Assistive Technology for Students with Learning Disabilities.
Formatting): Retrieved September 4, 2017, from https://www.ldatschool.ca/assistive-technology/
Author(s) Affiliation: Prepared by Gabrielle Young, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Memorial University of Newfoundland and Jeffrey
MacCormack, M.Ed., Doctoral Student, Queens University
Type of Resource: Scholarly article that presents a research study
(Scholarly /Trade/Other)
Summary of essential The article outlines the importance of technology via:
information: 1. Low and high-tech devices
2. Its assistance in either supporting learning or bypassing a challenging task
3. Incorporating with the use of quality instruction techniques
Way in which this This article influences the field of technology and assistive technology in which my research analysis will be
source influences the evaluating the effectiveness of in an early childhood setting.
field related to your
inquiry (ex. Math
teaching/learning
elementary)
Potential relevance to Discusses how assistive technology contributes to the effectiveness of an inclusive classroom.
your research topic and
study:
Stage of action research List all stages of the action research process where this source will be used and briefly describe how it has
where the source will informed your work.
be used: Background-to build researcher understanding of the topic/presence in the field.- How does technology
support children in inclusive ECE settings? This article was being used for my original topic regarding
assistive technology.

Article #9

Bib. Information (APA Burg , J., Berman-Bieler, R., Khasnabis, C., Mitra, G., Myhill, W. N., & Samant Raja, D. (2015). Assistive
Formatting): Technology for Children with Disabilities: Creating Opportunities for Education, Inclusion and
Participation (Working paper). Retrieved September 4, 2017, from https://www.unicef.org/disabilities/files/Assistive-
Tech-Web.pdf
Author(s) Affiliation: Researchers at the World Health Organization
Type of Resource: Government report by the World Health Organization intended for educator use
(Scholarly /Trade/Other)
Summary of essential *The article describes they Who, What, Where, When and Why of Assistive technology use
information: Mentions the benefits of usage, types, and barriers associated with assistive technology

Way in which this This article influences the field of technology and assistive technology in which my research analysis will be
source influences the evaluating the effectiveness of in an early childhood setting.
field related to your
inquiry (ex. Math
teaching/learning
elementary)
Potential relevance to Discusses how assistive technology contributes to the effectiveness of an inclusive classroom.
your research topic and
study:
Stage of action research List all stages of the action research process where this source will be used and briefly describe how it has
where the source will informed your work.
be used: Background-to build researcher understanding of the topic/presence in the field. -How does technology support
children in inclusive ECE settings? This article was being used for my original topic regarding assistive technology.

Article #10

Bib. Information (APA Ahmad, F. K. (2015). Use of Assistive Technology in Inclusive Education: Making Room for Diverse Learning Needs.
Formatting): Transcience , 6(2), 62-77. Retrieved September 5, 2017, from https://www2.hu-
berlin.de/transcience/Vol6_No2_62_77.pdf.

Author(s) Affiliation: Researcher

Type of Resource: Scholarly article that presents a research study


(Scholarly /Trade/Other)
Summary of essential The article discusses in detail the meaning behind adversity in inclusive education
information: Lists the use and application of assistive technology
Touches upon availability and accessibility of technology
Way in which this Overall, the article describes the ways in which technology can be used in the inclusive classroom along with the
source influences the implications.
field related to your
inquiry (ex. Math
teaching/learning
elementary)
Potential relevance to Discusses how assistive technology contributes to the effectiveness of an inclusive classroom.
your research topic and
study:
Stage of action research List all stages of the action research process where this source will be used and briefly describe how it has
where the source will informed your work.
be used: Background-to build researcher understanding of the topic/presence in the field- How does technology support
children in inclusive ECE settings? This article was being used for my original topic regarding assistive technology.

Article #11

Bib. Information (APA Technology and Interactive Media as Tools in Early Childhood Programs Serving Children from Birth through Age
Formatting): 8 (Publication). (2012). Retrieved October 4, 2017, from The National Association for the Education of Young
Children and the Fred Rogers Center for Early Learning website:
http://www.naeyc.org/files/naeyc/file/positions/PS_technology_WEB2.pdf
Author(s) Affiliation: This is a position statement published by NAEYC in conjunction with the Fred Rogers Center for Early Learning

Type of Resource: Scholarly article that presents a research study


(Scholarly /Trade/Other)
Summary of essential This article elaborates on the ways in which technology can be both advantageous and disadvantageous for
information: young children.
The article begins with the issues currently faced while using technology including the fact that not all
screens are created equal, the lack of evidence to back up the benefits of technology, inappropriate use of
technology, and issues of equity and access.
The article aims to resolve these issues and recommends some key factors that would aid with the use of
technology consisting of: using DAP to guide technology experiences, utilizing professional judgement for
appropriateness and benefit, adapting technology needs to age, culture, and other diversity factors,
incorporating play and creativity with technology, utilizing technology as an excellent form of
communication, and ensuring that all users are digitally literate and capable before use.
Way in which this Overall, the article describes the ways in which technology issues can be resolved in early childhood education
source influences the settings and steps caregivers, parents and teachers can take to ensure proper use of technology.
field related to your
inquiry (ex. Math
teaching/learning
elementary)
Potential relevance to Excellent article and highly relevant to my topic, highlighting the pros and cons of technology and true appropriate
your research topic and use.
study:
Stage of action research List all stages of the action research process where this source will be used and briefly describe how it has
where the source will informed your work.
be used: Background- This article helps build researcher information about the role of technology in ECE.
Findings/Conclusions- This article will assist in providing information about the appropriate ways in which to use
technology for optimal results for young children.
Implications/Action Planning- This article was being used for my original topic regarding assistive technology.

Article #12

Bib. Information (APA Aziz, H. (2010, September 16). The 5 Keys to Educational Technology. Retrieved October 25, 2017, from
Formatting): https://thejournal.com/articles/2010/09/16/the-5-keys-to-educational-technology.aspx
Author(s) Affiliation: Hap Aziz is the director of the School of Technology and Design at Rasmussen College

Type of Resource: This is a scholarly article that presents a research study.


(Scholarly /Trade/Other)
Summary of essential This article elaborates on the way in which edtech can be a valuable resource.
information: 1. Considered implementation: The strong leader in education will provide the guidance necessary to ensure
the best use of resources.
2. Appropriate tools, techniques, or processes: In using technology with the appropriate tools, techniques and
processes, students can learn better and obtain more positive results in this way.
3. Facilitate the application of senses, memory, and cognition: by using different formats of technology, for
example, videos, learners can boost their senses, memory and cognition.
4. Enhance teaching practices: Demonstrations, illustrations, instruction across learning styles--all of these
are areas in which technology may provide those teaching with more leverage over learner gaps in
knowledge and understanding.
5. Improve learning outcomes: Use technology only if learning outcomes are bolstered in some way and if
evidence can be shared in how technology has improved the learning process.
Way in which this Overall, the article describes the parameters in which educational technology can be beneficial.
source influences the
field related to your
inquiry (ex. Math
teaching/learning
elementary)
Potential relevance to Excellent article and highly relevant to my topic, highlighting the advantages of educational technology and true
your research topic and appropriate use.
study:
Stage of action research List all stages of the action research process where this source will be used and briefly describe how it has
where the source will informed your work.
be used: Findings/Conclusions- This article will mainly be used to enhance my data findings by providing appropriate
quotes and ways in which technology will be most impactful.
Implications/Action Planning- This article was being used for my original topic regarding assistive technology.