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Michaella Claire P. Layug


Topic: Friendship: Surprising benefits of friendship

1. Intro
1.1 attention step: Everybody in this room surely has their friends and best friend friends right?
1.2 involvement step: We all think that having a friend is having a shoulder to cry on, someone to
shop with or someone you can call when you need to attend a party. But what we do not know is
that having friends has its surprising benefits.
1.3 indication step: The surprising effects of friendship are: Risks of death from diseases diminish,
Handling stress becomes manageable and overcoming obstacles become easier.
2. Body
2.1 Major point 1: Risks of death from diseases diminish
2.1.1 supporting detail: Studies in Australia were found that 22 percent of older people with a
a number of friends were less likely to die than those with few within the study period of the
2.1.2 supporting detail: Harvard research has shown that breast cancer patients with no
friendship network are four times more likely to die from the disease than those with ten or
more close friends.
2.2 Major point 2: Handling stress becomes manageable
2.2.1 supporting detail: When women are stressed, their brains releases a hormone called
oxytocin, which encourages them to bond.
2.2.2 supporting detail: The physical effects of oxytocin include increased sensitivity of nerve
endings, stimulated muscle contractions, increased heart rate plus an urge to touch and cuddle.
The emotional feelings it produces are associated with affection, bonding and caring
2.3 Major point 3: overcoming obstacles become easier.
2.3.1 supporting detail: In a study published in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology,
researchers asked participants to stand at the base of a steep hill and estimate how tough it
would be to climb. Those standing with a friend gauged the ascent to be less steep compared
with those who were alone.
2.3.2 supporting detail: According to Mayo Clinic, having good friends for support help you
get through bad times and this is a huge health benefit as well.
3. Conclusion
I would like to quote what Linda Grayson once said There is nothing better than a friend, unless it
is a friend with chocolate.

Topic: Unlikely advantages of negative traits

1. Intro
1.1 attention step: What you thought were your worst qualities may have some unlikely upsides.
1.2 involvement step: In nature there is always a yin and yang to achieve harmony, we discover that
the things weve always considered as harmfullike germs or UV rays, may also sometimes be
quite good for us.
1.3 indication step: We may not be aware that somehow, Anger, Negativity and Cursing
has their own benefits.
2. Body
2.1 Major point 1 Benefits of Anger
2.1.1 supporting detail: Director of the Harvard Decision Science Laboratory, Jennifer Lerner,
PhD, said that outrage stems from feeling wronged. Reacting with controlled anger rather than
runaway anxiety releases less of the body's stress hormone cortisol.
2.1.1 supporting detail: Too much cortisol has been linked to bone loss, depression, and
2.2 Major point 2: Advantages of Negativity
2.2.1 supporting detail: According to Julie K. Norem, PhD, professor of psychology at
Wellesley College and also the author of The Power of Negative Thinking Defensive
pessimismthinking specifically about what might go wrongcan turn anxiety into action,"
2.2.2 supporting detail: Thinking of the worst scenarios are one of the things that pessimists
do but in doing so they are more likely to foresee and therefore overcome potential future
2.3 Major point 3:
2.3.1 supporting detail: Researchers think that cursing activates the stress response therefore
boosting the body's pain threshold to deal with crisis.
2.3.2 supporting detail: A recent study conducted and published in NeuroReport found that
participants who immersed their hands in icy water and were allowed to shout expletives
experienced significantly less prickly, numbing pain than when they repeated neutral words.
3. Conclusion: Despite of everything said, I hope no one gets out of this room yelling at someone, or
thinking theyre going to fail this class hoping to turn anxiety into action or for the next speaker,
cursing to activate the stress response.

Topic: The Science of Falling in Love

1. Intro
1.1 attention step: I think Im in love Have you ever been in love?
1.2 involvement step: Most people would say that falling in love is the best feeling, some say its
magic, some would say its the most invigorating of all human emotion but what we do not know is
that love does not involve our hearts but our brains.
1.3 indication step: Love has 3 stages and they are: Lust, Attraction and Attachment

2. Body
2.1 Major point 1: Love in its first stage involves Lust
2.1.1 supporting detail: Lust is driven by the sex hormones testosterone and oestrogen. Both in
men and women.
2.1.2 supporting detail: Helen Fisher ,PhD Biological Anthropologist said that these hormones
will "get you out looking for anything
2.2 Major point 2: Attraction
2.2.1 supporting detail: When we fall in love some tend to loose their appetite, sleep less and
think of nothing else.
2.2.2 supporting detail: Scientists think that three main neurotransmitters are involved in this
stage; adrenaline, dopamine and serotonin.
2.3 Major point 3: Attachment
2.3.1 supporting detail: Attachment is a lasting commitment and is the bond that keeps couples
together such as married couples who stay together as they raise a family.
2.3.2 supporting detail: There are two hormones involved in this stage. These are: Oxytocin
and Vasopressin which are released by the nervous system. They are thought to play a role in
social attachments.
3. Conclusion: Lets all hope that no one leaves this room and breaks up with their girlfriend or
boyfriend and blames the chemicals because after all Dr. Seuss once said and I quote You know
youre in love when you dont want to fall asleep because reality is finally better than your dreams.