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A Research Documentation of

NARON ANCESTRAL HOUSE


Municipality of Baclayon, Bohol

College of Engineering and Architecture


BOHOL ISLAND STATE UNIVERSITY
Main Campus, Tagbilaran City, Bohol

Raya, Lloyd Christian


Cadenas, Fatima
Gualde, Kate
Adolfo, Edin Bernice
Llorente, Lord Shem
Ligason, Stephanie
Cabusao, Ailene Nikol
Salceda, Maria Phecca
Castro, Kyle Johann
Mendoza, Joel Cui
Regalado, Raven
Aguaviva, Philip Joseph

October 2017

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NARON ANCESTRAL HOUSE
______________________

A RESEARCH PROJECT PRESENTED TO AR. HIGE ALVINOR INGKING, UAP of


the
College of Engineering and Architecture
BOHOL ISLAND STATE UNIVERSITY
Main Campus, Tagbilaran City
______________________

In Partial Fulfillment of the subject ARCH 421 - Cultural Heritage 1

______________________
Raya, Lloyd Christian
Cadenas, Fatima
Gualde, Kate
Adolfo, Edin Bernice
Llorente, Lord Shem
Ligason, Stephanie
Cabusao, Ailene Nikol
Salceda, Maria Phecca
Castro, Kyle Johann
Mendoza, Joel Cui
Regalado, Raven
Aguaviva, Philip Joseph

October 2017

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ACKNOWLEDGMENT

Some people have given us the great contributions through their

invaluable expertise for the given opportunity of this research project. The

researchers would like to extend their sincerest gratitude to those people

who helped in the study.

First and above all, to Our Genuine God, for giving us strength, courage,

motivation and all the reasons to go on in any course life may bring in

making this project a success. To Yours be all the Glory!;

To the Naron Family, for consenting the conduct of the study;

To Ar. Hige Alvinor Ingking, for giving us the opportunity to conduct

such study and enhance our skills to document and search about these

heritage houses and be a primary background in the future researches;

To our classmate, Fatima Cadenas and family, for allowing us to use

their facility in making this project possible;

To Engr. Mark Vincent Lumamba, for referring us to the said owner

of the house;

To the researchers, classmates and friends, who always helped and

contribute efforts to each other for the projects and at the time of needs;

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To our beloved family, who always give their utmost support for us to

be able to take up this course, and guide us whenever we may be

walking in the wrong path of the road;

Lastly, to all the people who in one way or another, contributed to the

success of this study, who helped us lessen our burden in any means. We

could not have accomplished this project without your way of support.

Thank You Very Much!

God Bless Us All.

The Researchers

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ABSTRACT

Naron Ancestral House is a research documentation which has been


discovered as an important tool to those personalities with special interest
in heritage and arts. Bohol, Baclayon in specific, reigns as one of the most
culturally preserved sites of the countrys four-century Spanish and forty-
year American colonial eras. It conforms to the old town layout marking by
Baclayon Church and Ancestral Houses as its cultural identities. Baclayon
Ancestral Houses is a fine example of a sustainable, responsible and ethical
promotion of cultural tourism in the Province of Bohol, and in the Philippines,
as a whole.

This study is made to assess the existing conditions of a heritage house


all over Baclayon, Dauis and Tagbilaran City, and have decided to choose
Naron Ancestral House in the Municipality of Baclayon.

The main objective of this study is to preserve the value of the


ancestral house and produce a documentation of the specific information
about the Naron Ancestral House located at Poblacion, Baclayon, Bohol
to further determine the best strategy in preserving, conserving,
safeguarding, and restoring the other Ancestral Houses, and will serve as
referral for future researches.

The chosen ancestral house was visually inspected and analyzed.


Due to natural calamities experienced, the existence of the house was
tested but the owner still chose to restore it. The researchers believe that
the outcome of this study would be beneficial to them, to the owner and
to the future referrals.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE .. i

APPROVAL SHEET ........................ ii

ACKNOWLEDGMENT iii

ABSTRACT ... v

TABLE OF CONTENTS .... vi

Chapter 1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Rationale .. 1

1.2 History .. 3

1.3 Statement of the Problem .. 6

1.4 Objectives of the Study . 7

1.5 Definition of Terms 7

Chapter 2

RESULT AND DISCUSSIONS . 9

Chapter 3

TECHNICAL PLANS 10

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Chapter 4

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

4.1 Conclusion . 19

4.2 Recommendation ... 19

REFERENCE A - REFERENCE 20

APPENDIX B - DOCUMENTATION . 21

BIODATA 24

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CHAPTER 1

THE PROBLEM AND ITS SCOPE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 RATIONALE

Bohol is now one of the most visited provinces in the Philippines. This

oval-shaped province is located in the central part of the Visayas lying

between Cebu in the northwest and Leyte in the northeast. To the south is

Mindanao which is separated from Bohol by the wide Mindanao Sea. It is

getting to be popular not only among foreign tourists but local visitors as

well. The Department of Tourism and the government of Bohol are

promoting the province as "a land of history and natural beauty."

Bohol Ancestral Houses are numerous in the province. Some are

dilapidated and have been abandoned yet others were lovingly preserved

by the descendants of the prominent homeowners. Dating back to the 20th

century of the Spanish Regime, said to be the 'golden age' of Bohol, these

vintage houses were huge and largely made up of coral stone and

hardwood. Design is simple, square or rectangular in shape, with thatched

roofing, wide windows all around and usually with two floors.

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Living quarter (sala) were on the upper floor while the ground floor

was usually used as bodegas or stock rooms. These houses are replete with

the homeowners memorabilia, furniture, kitchen (cocina) utensils and

other collections that illustrate the glorious past of our predecessors and

need to be preserved. Interiors are characterized by wide and thick

wooden floor planks, wide stairways with wooden balusters, wooden sofa

sets, cabinets, rocking chairs, with walls often graced by portraits and other

collections. Rooms (cuarto) are airy and cool because of the wide windows

and often furnished with wide wooden carved beds with wooden holders

for the mosquito nets.

The Municipality of Baclayon

Baclayon, in the eastern part of Bohol, is the first municipality

established by the Spaniards where one can find the historic Baclayon

Church, as well as many ancestral houses. Originally called Bacayan

because travelers used to detour (bacay) around a rocky cliff along the

shore to avoid going over the top of the cliff the town was founded in

1595 by two Jesuit priests, Fr. Juan de Torres and Fr. Gabriel Sanchez, who

also built a stone church, which is considered the oldest stone church in the

country.

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In preserving these cultural heritages of the town, various

government and non-government organizations became the backbone

upon safeguarding the treasures.

BAHANDI is a neighborhood organization known as the Baclayon

Ancestral Homes Association. The association is composed of home-

owners of Spanish colonial houses in Baclayon who banded together to

spare their homes from demolition in a province-wide road-widening

project sometime in 2002. For one of BAHANDIs member, the house

provides the opportunity not just to look back on the good old days, but

also to get to know ones roots. With a fast-paced life, there will come a

time that you would have to slow down. What is your story? This is my story.

The ancestral homes are our stories., they say.

To summarize, this study aims to come up with a proper

documentation of the heritage house for future referrals in case of damage

through time.

1.2 HISTORY

Naron Ancestral House was onwed by Mr. Serapio Naron, a

prominent person in Baclayon during his time. The house started its

construction on 1838 and was fully erected on 1839, and is considered the

oldest ancestral house, approximately 178 years of existence, of the town

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today. The house has been passed down by generation to generations of

the Naron family; from Mr. Serapio Naron (first owner), passed down to Mr.

Quirino Naron (son of Serapio), then inherited to Mr. Fellix Naron (son of

Quirino), given to Mrs. Myrna Naron (daughter of Felix) who was the last

owner before it was enherited to the current owner, Mr. Ryan Naron (son of

Myrna).

The 2-storey house was composed of the following spaces:

GROUND FLOOR LEVEL is entirely a Storage Area (silong); and,

SECOND FLOOR LEVEL such as: Living Area (sala), Dining (comedor),

Kitchen (cocina), Terrace/s (balconahe), Bedrooms (cuarto), Toilet and

Bath (bao) and a Straircase (hagdanan).

The structurally-sound house withstood numerous natural

phenomena not until on 1984 when typhoon Nitang hit the province of

Bohol which had affected the town of Baclayon where the Naron Ancestral

House has been partly damaged on its envelope and form. Authentic parts

of the structure were completely devastated and were replaced with

alternative materials as a means of preservation:

Original Part/Material Alternative

Nipa Roofing - G.I. Sheet Roofing

Amakan (Native) Ceiling - Plywood Ceiling

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(contained renaissance painting

detail by the artisan who

also painted the ceiling of

Baclayon Church)

Woodplanks Walling on Ground - Concrete Wall

Floor Level

(using the Joint Method)

However, the other parts of the structure remained intact, thus an extension

on the 2nd floor level was intervened.

On 2002, the interior walls were repainted with Angel Renaissance

patterns making the preservation of the Spanish Era house relive its origin.

On 2013, the recent 7.2 earthquake has tested anew the resiliency of the

Naron Ancestral House. Fortunately, only certain part of the faade was

damaged and has replaced with alternative wall conserving the identity of

the structure.

Relics and antique artifacts were still preserved on the vicinity such

as: Grand Piano, made out from hardwood Yakal used by Japanese

Soldiers during the Japanese Era to play music at the mercado and church

during their time; Altar, brought by Spanish priests and nuns from Spain to

Baclayon (original figurines of Saints could still be found); Old Sketches and

Documents, portrait sketches of the first, second, and third generation

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owners and their family, and legal documents such as diplomas and birth

certificates.

1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Ancestral houses can be treated as time booths since we can travel

back in time while remaining in the present. Ancestral houses give us notions

of what the past may look like, especially the tenants lifestyles.

Unfortunately, as time passes, these houses gain a lot of enemies and

predators including termites, natural calamities/phenomena i.e.

typhoons, earthquakes, etc., and weather uncertainties. But then again,

age will wear and tear down these houses.

The Naron Ancestral House long lived from circa 1839 up to the

present. This leads to the current situation where some parts were replaced

and the original materials used was not historically properly documented

for the benefit of the owner and the future questions to be resolved.

Vulnerabilities and threats among the unspoken opponents are the

greatest challenges this house might face. As well as its preservation and

conservation procedures towards sustainability which in turn will be the key

to tourism and cultural growth of the locality.

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1.4 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The focus of this study is to document the Naron Ancestral House to

further give a guiding reference as a tool towards an effective preservation,

conservation, safeguarding, and restoration of Ancestral Houses.

The study intents to:

1. Figure out the present condition of the ancestral house;

2. Provide an informative documentation of the specific

information of the house;

3. Produce a small scaled replica model; and,

4. Preserve the original value and the significance of the house.

1.5 DEFINITION OF TERMS

Ancestral Houses a house inherited or derived from the ancestors

which became part of a history of a place.

Antique refers to a cultural property found locally which is at least

fifty (50) years in age, more or less, the production of which has ceased.

BAHANDI name of the Association of Baclayon Ancestral Home

Owners (Baclayon Ancestral Home Association)

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Conservation refers to all processes and measures of maintaining

the cultural significance of a cultural property, including but not limited to,

preservation, restoration, reconstruction, protection, adaptive-reuse or any

combination thereof.

Preservation involves keeping an object from destruction and

seeing to it that the object is not irredeemably altered or changed.

Restoration refers to the action taken or the technical intervention

to correct deterioration and alterations.

Safeguarding refers to measures aimed at insuring the viability of

the intangible cultural heritage, including the identification,

documentation, research, preservation, protection, promotion,

enhancement, transmission, particularly through formal and non-formal

education, as well as the revitalization of the various aspects of such

heritage.

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CHAPTER 2

RESULT AND DISCUSSION

The objective of the study is to figure out the present condition of the
Naron Ancestral House as basis for our documentation. This chapter
discusses the analysis of all the data gathered.

Figure 2.1. The faade of Naron Ancestral House (actual photo).

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CHAPTER 3

TECHNICAL PLANS

3.1 PERSPECTIVE

PERSPECTIVE

Figure 3.1. Perspective View of Naron Ancestral House

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3.2 FLOOR PLANS

GROUND FLOOR PLAN


D N T S

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SECOND FLOOR PLAN
D N T S

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V

SECOND FLOOR PLAN (specifying the extension part)


D N T S

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3.3 ELEVATIONS

FRONT ELEVATION
D N T S

RIGHT SIDE ELEVATION


D N T S

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[

LEFT SIDE ELEVATION


D N T S

REAR ELEVATION
D N T S

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3.4 SECTIONS

CROSS SECTION
D N T S

LONGITUDINAL SECTION
D N T S

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CCC

3.5 DETAILS

ROOF FRAMING DETAIL


D N T S

ROOF FRAMING (extension part) DETAIL


D N T S

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TRUSS DETAIL
D N T S

FLOOR JOISTS DETAIL


D N T S

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CHAPTER 4

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

4.1 Conclusions

From the data gathered and analyzed, the researchers


concluded the following:

1. that restoration was the most effective strategy used in


preservation and conservation.

2. that an informative documentation is needed to restore the


value and all specific information about the house.

3. the more vulnerable it is to calamities and natural


phenomena.

4.2 Recommendations

This study showed the documentation conducted for the


Naron Ancestral House. The following are recommended for further
studies:

1. deterioration shall be considered;

2. the original materials must be restored as possible;

3. make use of the abandoned ground floor level; and,

4. preventive measures against the enemies (termites and


natural phenomena) shall be determined.

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APPENDIX A REFERENCE

www.bohol.ph

taga-baclayon.blogspot.com

www.bohol-philippines.com

www.boholtourismph.com

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APPENDIX B DOCUMENTATION

Figure 5.2. Perspective View


Figure 5.1. Faade

Figure 5.3. Right View Figure 5.4. Left View (near the Staircase)

Figure 5.5. Eaves Figure 5.6. Balconahe (Balcony)

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Figure 5.7. Verandila Figure 5.9. Floor Joist and Figure 5.10. Staircase Handrail
Girder Detail of Balconahe Detail

Figure 5.11. Silong (Ground Figure 5.12. Silong (Ground Figure 5.13. Staircase Handrail
Floor) showing Post and Girder Floor) showing Entrance Door Detail

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Figure 5.14. Silong (Ground Floor) showing
Girder and Column Intersection

Figure 5.15. Silong (Ground Floor) showing


Girder Intersection and Floor Joists

Figure 5.16. Silong (Ground Floor) showing


Girder, Floor Joists and Entrance Door

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BIODATA

Documentarists Data

Personal Background

Name: Lloyd Christian Raya

Nickname: Ondoy

Date of birth: April 10, 1998

Place of birth: Tagbilaran City

Civil Status: Single

Religion: Roman Catholic

Citizenship: Filipino

Fathers name: Ireneo C. Raya

Mothers name: Melodyna D. Raya

Educational background

Elementary: Tagbilaran City Central Elementary School, Tagbilaran City

Secondary: Holy Name University, Tagbilaran City

College: Bohol Island State University

Course: BS Architecture

Motto: Early bird gets the worm

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Documentarists Data

Personal Background

Name: Fatima Cadenas

Nickname: Tim

Date of birth: June 27, 1997

Place of birth: Tagbilaran City

Civil Status: Single

Religion: Roman Catholic

Citizenship: Filipino

Fathers name: Felix Jr. L. Cadenas

Mothers name: Quiliana B. Cadenas

Educational background

Elementary: Estaca Elementary School, Garcia Hernandez Bohol

Secondary: Tabuan National Highschool, Garcia Hernandez Bohol

College: Bohol Island State University

Course: BS Architecture

Motto: Logic will get you from A to Z, Imagination will get you
anywhere

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Documentarists Data

Personal Background

Name: Kate R. Gualde

Nickname: Kate

Date of birth: April 17, 1998

Place of birth: Tagbilaran City

Civil Status: Single

Religion: Roman Catholic

Citizenship: Filipino

Fathers name: Heracleo Gualde

Mothers name: Maria Lourdes Gualde

Educational background

Elementary: Sta. Cruz Elementary School

Secondary: Holy Name University

College: Bohol Island State University

Course: BS Architecture

Motto: You will if you can, You can if you will

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Documentarists Data

Personal Background

Name: Edin Bernice A. Adolfo

Nickname: Din-Din

Date of birth: April 17,1997

Place of birth: Tagbilaran City

Civil Status: Single

Religion: Roman Catholic

Citizenship: Filipino

Fathers name: Gerry Marcel D. Adolfo

Mothers name: Marcelita A. Adolfo

Educational background

Elementary: Holy Name University

Secondary: Holy Name University

College: Bohol Island State University

Course: BS Architecture

Motto: The greatest Pleasure in life is doing what other people say
you cannot do

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Documentarists Data

Personal Background

Name: Lord Shem Llorente

Nickname: Lord

Date of birth: January 7, 1998

Place of birth: Tagbilaran City

Civil Status: Single

Religion: Filipino

Citizenship: Single

Fathers name: Ireneo Llorete

Mothers name: Tody Cabil Llorente

Educational background

Elementary: Baang Elementary School, Catigbian Bohol

Secondary: Holy Infant Academy, Catigbian Bohol

College: Bohol Island State University, Tagbilaran City

Course: BS Architecture

Motto: Its not what you think, its what you can imagine

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Documentarists Data

Personal Background

Name: Stephanie Dora Ligason

Nickname: Steph

Date of birth: November 5, !996

Place of birth: Tagbilaran City

Civil Status: Single

Religion: Roman Catholic

Citizenship: Filipino

Fathers name: Reynaldo Ligason

Mothers name: Anecita Ligason

Educational background

Elementary: Vilarcayo Elementary School, Carmen Bohol

Secondary: St. Anthonys Academy, Carmen Bohol.

College: Bohol Island State University, Tagbilaran City

Course: BS Architecture

Motto: When you Do things, Do it best

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Documentarists Data

Personal Background

Name: Ailene Nikol D. Cabusao

Nickname: Coi-Coi

Date of birth: Aug 31, 1997

Place of birth: Poblacion Carmen Bohol

Civil Status: Single

Religion: Roman Catholic

Citizenship: Filipino

Fathers name: Nicolas Cabusao

Mothers name: Arlene Cabusao

Educational background

Elementary: Carmen East Central Elementary School

Secondary: Saint Anthons Academy

College: Bohol Island State University

Course: BS Architecture

Motto: If you think its impossible, God tells you everything is


possible

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Documentarists Data

Personal Background

Name: Maria Phecca Salceda

Nickname: Pika

Date of birth: April 22, 1997

Place of birth: Tagbilaran City

Civil Status: Single

Religion: Roman Catholic

Citizenship: Filipino

Fathers name: Jaime Salceda III

Mothers name: Faith Salceda

Educational background

Elementary: Danduao Elementary School

Secondary: Valencia Technical Vocation Highschool

College: Bohol Island State University

Course: BS Architecture

Motto: Live life to the fullest

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Documentarists Data

Personal Background

Name: Kyle Johann Castro

Nickname: Kyle

Date of birth: July 15, 1997

Place of birth: Tagbilaran City

Civil Status: Single

Religion: Roman Catholic

Citizenship: Filipino

Fathers name: Joselito Castro

Mothers name: Cathryn Castro

Educational background

Elementary: Bool Elementary School, Tagbilaran City

Secondary: Holy Name University, Tagbilaran City

College: Bohol Island State University, Tagbilaran City

Course: BS Architecture

Motto: Sleep big, Dream big

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Documentarists Data

Personal Background

Name: Joel Cui R. Mendoza

Nickname: Coyanz

Date of birth: January 27, 1997

Place of birth: Pagadian City

Civil Status: Single

Religion: Roman Catholic

Citizenship: Filipino

Fathers name: Hamlag Mendoza

Mothers name: Carol Ruelos Mendoza

Educational background

Elementary: Dimiao Central Elementary School

Secondary: Saint Nicholas Academy

College: Bohol Island State University

Course: BS Architecture

Motto: If you dont believe that Im handsome, then I dont care

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Documentarists Data

Personal Background

Name: Raven I. Regalado

Nickname: Ben

Date of birth: August 3, 1997

Place of birth: Bacolod City, Negros Occidental

Civil Status: Single

Religion: Roman Catholic

Citizenship: Filipino

Fathers name: Yasushi Imamura

Mothers name: Kristina R. Imamura

Educational background

Elementary: Jack and Jill Elementary School, Bacolod City

Secondary: Bohol Wisdom School, Tagbilaran City

College: Bohol Island State University, Tagbilaran City

Course: BS Architecture

Motto: Dont stop when youre tired. Stop when youre done

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Documentarists Data

Personal Background

Name: Philip Joseph T. Aguaviva

Nickname: Pj

Date of birth: June 21, 1998

Place of birth: Pagadian City, Zamboanga Del Sur

Civil Status: Single

Religion: Roman Catholic

Citizenship: Filipino

Fathers name: Blas M. Aguaviva

Mothers name: Gemma T. Aguaviva

Educational background

Elementary: San Pedro Central Elementary School

Secondary: Zamboanga Del Sur School of Arts and Trades

College: Bohol Island State University

Course: BS Architecture

Motto: I dont want to protect the world, I want to create the


world where the environment doesnt need protecting.

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