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Classification of Computers

Classification of Computers Working Principle Number of users


/Electronic Signal /physical size,
performance

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Classification of Computers Based on


Analog Computers
Working Principle
used the continuously-
changeable aspects of
physical phenomena such
as electrical, mechanical,
or hydraulic quantities
Analog Computer Digital Computer Hybrid Computer to model the problem being
solved
Mainly used for Scientific
Design
Constructed to do a specific
job
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Digital Computers Hybrid computers


Mathematical expressions are A combination of computers
represented as binary digits (0 and 1) those are capable of inputting
All operations are done using these and outputting in both digital and
digits at a very high rate analog signals
It operates on electrical inputs that
have only two states, ON and OFF
Operates by counting as well as
by measuring
widely used in commercial and
control systems
Now a days the word computer, we
mostly refer digital computer.

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Classification of Computers Based on Computer For Individual Users


Number of Users (Personal Computers PCs/ Micro Computers)
Small, Low cost Digital computer
Consist of microprocessor, a storage unit, an input channel
& an output channel
Smallest of computer family
TYPES:Desktop Computers
Workstations
Notebook computers
Tablet Computers
Hand Held computers
Smart Phones
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Desktop Computers Desktop Computers


(2 Common Designs)
Sits on the desk or floor
Used in Schools, Colleges, Homes &
Office
Main Component is System Unit
System unit has Processing unit and
Storage Devices
Performs a variety of tasks
Horizontal Oriented System Vertical Oriented System

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Notebook Computers
WorkStation
(Laptops Portable computers)
More powerful than a desktop Integrate display, keyboard, a
Powerful processor, additional pointing device, processor,
memory & enhanced memory and Hard drive all in a
capabilities Laptop
battery operated package
Optimized for 3D graphics, game Weighs between 3 and 8 pounds
development, advanced About 8 by 11 inches
architecture design, engineering Typically as powerful as a
design, modeling, animation desktop
and video editing Can include a docking station
Popular among scientists, Biggest advantage can be
engineers and animators used anywhere at anytime
Docking station
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Handheld PCs
Tablet PCs
(PDA Personal Digital Assistant)
Tablet-Sized computer Small enough to fit in hand(palm)
Small laptop computer Usually do not have keyboards but rely on
equipped with a rotatable touch screen
touch screens Have no disk drive, use small cards to store
Accept input through a programs and data
special pen Stylus Can be connected to a printer, disk drive
Have built in Microphone User can access internet through wireless
and Run specialized versions connection
of office products
Note taking or contact management
Some models can be
connected to a keyboard and Data can synchronize with a desktop
full sized monitor Has limited memory & less powerful compared
to desktop computers
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Smart Phones Computers for Organizations


High end mobile phones Handle needs of many
Offers more advanced people at same time
computing ability & Used by business
connectivity organizations , schools
Combine functions of PDA Each user interact with the
and Mobile phones computer through their own
Web, email access, special device
software, hardware, digital
cameras, music players
Wi-Fi and Mobile broadband
access

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Network Servers Mini Computers


Centralized computer
All other computers connect
Provides access to network
resources
These computers configured with
additional processing power,
memory and storage
PDP-11/40 with TU56
Multiple servers working together dual DECtape drive
are called server farms
Called midrange computers
It may be reduced to small units Power (speed, processing, storage capacity) between
called Blades mainframe and desktop
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Mini Computers Mainframe computers


Second largest
Generally used as desktop device connected to
mainframe Ultra high performance computer
made for high volume, processor
Meet the computing needs of several people
intensive computing
simultaneously (4 to 200)
Consist of a high-end computer
Serves as centralized storehouse for cluster of
processor with related peripheral
workstation (or) Network servers
devices, capable of supporting large
Used for real time controls, engineering design volumes of data processing, high
work, interactive applications, research organizations IBM's T-Rex mainframe performance online transaction
PDP11, IBM 8000 Series, VAX7500

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Mainframe computers Super Computers


Allow its users to maintain large information storage data
centralized location
Used for large scale computing that requires greater
availability and security
Used in large organizations
Handle thousands of users
Users access through a terminal
Dumb Terminal
Intelligent Terminal Has highest processing speed for solving scientific &
engineering problems
IBM ES000, VAX8000,CDC 6600
It has number of CPUs operate in parallel
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Super Computers
The most powerful, special purpose machines designed
to maximize the number of FLOPS(Floating Point
Operation per Second)
Processing speed 400 -10000 MFLOPS
Handle large and complex calculations in few hours
Process trillions of operations per second
Fastest, costliest & most powerful
Found in research organizations
Used by military strategist, cinematic specialist, scientist
to solve multi variant mathematical problems
CRAY-3, CYBER 205, PARAM
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