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Manila Review Institute, Inc.

Chemical Engineering Review

FILTRATION
Dr. Servillano Olano, Jr

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FILTRATION EQUIPMENT

Plate and Frame Filter Press

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FILTRATION EQUIPMENT

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FILTRATION EQUIPMENT

With washing plate

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FILTRATION EQUIPMENT

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FILTRATION EQUIPMENT

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FILTRATION EQUIPMENT

Leaf Filter

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FILTRATION EQUIPMENT

Leaf Filter

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FILTRATION EQUIPMENT

Leaf Filter

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FILTRATION EQUIPMENT

Rotary Vacuum or Drum Filter


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FILTRATION EQUIPMENT

Single compartment drum filter

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FILTRATION EQUIPMENT

Rotary Vacuum Filter

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Theory of Filtration

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Theory of Filtration

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Theory of Filtration

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Theory of Filtration

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Theory of Filtration

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Theory of Filtration

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Theory of Filtration

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Theory of Filtration

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Theory of Filtration

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Theory of Filtration

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Decision Pattern

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REVIEW QUESTIONS AND
PROBLEMS

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8
Problem 8.
Given: Rotary vacuum filter
% submerged = 35%
N = 0.5 rpm
Capacity = 0.61 ft3/min-m2
Production rate = 20.4 m3/hr
Required: Area of filter cloth
Solution:

20.4 × 1 / 60
Asubmerged = = 0.557 m 2
0.61
0.557
Total Area = = 1.5925 m 2
0.35

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9

Problem 9.
Given: Refer to Prob. 8
Drum diameter = 1.0 m
Required: Width of Drum
Solution:
A = πDL
1.5925
D= = 0.5069 m
π (1)

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Problem 12.
Given: Plate and Frame
No. of frames = 24
Thickness = 1 inch
Inside dimension = 2 ft x 2 ft
θf = 2 hrs
Vw = 0.1 Vf
Cake volume = 0.05 ft3/ft3 filtrate
θc = 30 min
Required: y, capacity of press
Solution:
Vol of cake = 24 x 2 x ½ = 8 ft3
8
Vf = = 160 ft 3
8.05
θ w = 0.8θ f = 0.8(0.2) = 1.6 hr
Vf 160
y= = = 936 ft 3 /cycle
θT 2 + 1.6 + 0.5

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13

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14

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15

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16

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17

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18

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19

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20
Problem 20.
Given: Standard Leaf filter
Vf = 20 cu ft
θf = 2 hr
θw = 30 min
θdrain = 20 min
θfill = 25 min
θc = 35 min
Required:
Capacity in cu ft/hr
Solution:

θ T = θ f + θ drain + θ fill + θ w + θ drain + θ c + θ fill

θ T = 120 + 20 + 25 + 30 + 20 + 35 + 25 = 275min

20
y= × 60 = 4.36 ft 3 / hr
275

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Problem 24.
Given: Rotary vacuum filter
Increase in submerged area = 20%
N and P the same
Required: change in capacity
Solution:
V f kθ k
y= = =
θ θ θ
but k = k ' A 2 = k ' FAT2
k' F
thus, y = = k ' FN
F
N
with k’ and N constant,
y2 F2
= = 1.2
y1 F1

y 2 = 1.095 y1

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