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# 1.Which of the following statements about the property entropy is not true?

## It measures the amount of heat of a substance.

2. Consider a Rankine power plant that has uses no reheat with water as the working
fluid. The steam generator operates at 100 bar and the condenser operates at 10 bar
gauge. The water enters the turbine at a temperature of 775 degrees Celsius. Assume no
losses in the system. What is the specific enthalpy and the specific entropy of the water as it
enters the turbine?
enthalpy- 4053 kJ/kg, entropy- 7.35 kJ/(kg*K)
3. Assume the turbine is ideal and adiabatic. What is the specific entropy of the steam as
it exits the turbine and enters the condenser? Hint: you need to use the results from the
previous problem.
specific entropy = 7.35 kJ/(kg*K)
4. What is the specific enthalpy at the exit state of the condenser? Assume the steam
leaves the condenser as a saturated liquid at 10 bar gauge.
763 kJ/kg
5. What is the specific entropy of the water as it exits the condenser?
2.1 kJ/(kg*K)
6. As you move from the inlet state to the exit state of the pump, which of the following is
true?
The pump is isentropic.
7. If the specific enthalpy at the exit of the turbine is 2700 kJ/kg, what is the heat rejected
from this Rankine Cycle in units of kJ/kg?
1940 kJ/kg
8. Using the heat output in the previous problem and the heat input is 3630, what is the
efficiency?
46.6 %
9. Which of the following statements about cycle efficiency is false?
Superheaters do not affect cycle efficiency.
10. Determine the q_h and q_l of a Rankine cycle using steam as the working fluid in
which the condenser pressure is 10 kPa. The boiler pressure is 2000 kPa and the steam
leaving the boiler is a saturated vapor.
Given: State 1 is the state of the fluid entering the pump, state 2 is state of the fluid entering
the boiler, state 3 is state of the fluid entering the turbine and state 4 is the state entering
the condenser, and h1 = 191.8 kJ/kg, h2 = 193.8 kJ/kg, h3 = 2799.5 kJ/kg, h4 = 2007.5
kJ/kg
q_h=2605.7 kJ/kg, q_l=1815.7 kJ/kg
11. Calculate the efficiency of Rankine cycle for previous problem.
30.3%
12. Consider a heat engine with the heat input of 900 kJ at a temperature of 500 C. The
heat engines rejects heat to the the surroundings at a temperature of 25 C. The engine
produces 375 kJ of work. How much heat is rejected to the surroundings?
525 kJ
13. Consider a heat engine with heat input of 900 kJ at a temperature of 500 C. The
heat engines rejects heat to the the surroundings at a temperature of 25 C, and produces
375 kJ of work. What is the engine efficiency?
42%
14. Consider a heat engine with the heat input of 900 kJ at a temperature of 500 C. The
heat engines rejects heat to the the surroundings at a temperature of 25 C, and produces
375 kJ of work. What is the Carnot efficiency?
61%