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Original Title: MA Calculus of Variations Integral Equations

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Mathematics

Calculus of Variations & Integral Equations

Information contained in this book has been obtained by authors, from sources believes to be reliable. However,

neither Nodia nor its authors guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information herein, and Nodia nor its

authors shall be responsible for any error, omissions, or damages arising out of use of this information. This book

is published with the understanding that Nodia and its authors are supplying information but are not attempting

to render engineering or other professional services.

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email : enquiry@nodia.co.in

GATE SOLVED PAPER - MA

CALCULUS OF VARIATIONS & INTEGRAL EQUATIONS

2

Q. 1 The eigenvalues of the integral equation y ^x h = # sin ^x + t h^t hdt are

0

(A) 1 , 1 (B) 1 , 1

2 2

(C) , (D) 2, 2

Y

N

Q. 2 The extremum of the functional

A

1

<c dx m + 12xyF dx

dy 2

I = #

0

P

M

satisfying the conditions y ^0 h = 0 and y ^1 h = 1 is attained on the curve

(A) y = sin2 x (B) y = sin x

2 2

O

(C) y = x3

C (D) y = 1 <x3 + sin x F

2 2

&

IA#

x

y ^x h = x ^x t h y ^ t h dt

D

0

O

is solved by the method of successive approximations. Starting with initial

approximation y 0 ^x h = x , the second aproximation y2 ^x h is given by

N

(A) y2 ^x h = x + x + x (B) y2 ^x h = x + x

3 5 3

3! 5! 3!

(C) y2 ^x h = x x (D) y2 ^x h = x x + x

3 3 5

3! 3! 5!

2

0

Then the integral equation

2

0

(C) Unique solution for = (D) No solution for =

GATE SOLVED PAPER - MA CALCULUSOFVARIATIONS&INTEGRALEQUATIONS

0

(A) ^3 1h^2 + h 2 = 0 (B) ^3 1h^2 + h + 2 = 0

(C) ^3 1h^2 + h 4 = 0

2

(D) ^3 1h^2 + h + 3 = 0

x1

v 6y ^x h@ = # ^xyl + yl2hdx

x0

(A) y = c1 + c2 x + b 4 l (B) y = 1 + c1 x + c2 b 4 l

Y

x2 x2

N

PA

(C) y = c1 + x + c2 b 4 l (D) y = c1 + c2 x b 4 l

x2 x2

YEAR 2003

M ONE MARK

O

C

1

Q. 7 Extremals y = y ^x h for the variational problem v 6y ^x h@ = # ^y + y'h2 dx satisfy the

differential equation

&

0

(A) y m + y = 0 (B) y m y = 0

IA

(C) y m + yl = 0 (D) yl + y = 0

D

x+t 0 # t # x

Q. 8 Let k ^x, t h = *

O

0 otherwise

Then, the integral equation

N

1

y ^x h = 1 + # y ^ t h k ^x, t h dt , has

(B) No solution for any value of

(C) A unique solution for finitely many values of only

(D) Infinitely many solutions for finitely many values of

Q. 9 The functional

2

2 3

0

can be extremized on the curve

(A) y = xo (B) 2y = x3

(C) y = x3 6x (D) 2y = x3 2x

x 1

0 0

is equivalent to

GATE SOLVED PAPER - MA CALCULUSOFVARIATIONS&INTEGRALEQUATIONS

(C) y m + y = 0, y ^0 h = 0, y ^1 h = 0 (D) y m + y = 0, y ^0 h = 0, yl^0 h = 0

2

0

has

(A) No solution for any value of

(B) Unique solution for every value of

(C) Infinitely many solutions for only one value of

(D) Infinitely many solutions for two values of

Y

YEAR 2002 TWO MARKS

N

Q. 12 An extremal of the functional

A

b

I 6y ^x h@ = # cx, y, dx m dx ; y ^a h = y , y ^b h = y ,

dy

P

1 2

a

M

satisfies Eulers equation, which in general

O

(A) Is a second order linear ordinary differential equation (ODE)

C

(B) Is a non-linear ODE of order greater than two

(C) Admits a unique solution satisfying the conditions y ^a h = y1 , y ^b h = y2

&

(D) May not admits a solution satisfying the conditions y ^a h = y1 , y ^b h = y2

YEAR 2001

IA ONE MARK

D

The initial value problem corresponding to the integral equation

O

Q. 13

x

y ^x h = 1 + # y^t hdt is

N 0

(A) yl y = 0, y ^0 h = 1 (B) yl + y = 0, y ^0 h = 0

(C) yl y = 0, y ^0 h = 0 (D) yl + y = 0, y ^0 h = 1

t

Q. 14 If y ^ t h = 1 + # y^v he ^t + v h

dv then y ^ t h at t = 1 equals

0

(A) 0 (B) 1

(C) 2 (D) 3

1

2

(A) g ^ t h = 3t (B) g ^ t h = 4t

4 3

GATE SOLVED PAPER - MA CALCULUSOFVARIATIONS&INTEGRALEQUATIONS

(C) g ^ t h = 2t (D) g ^ t h = 3t

3 2

**********

Y

N

PA

M

O

C

&

IA

D

O

N

GATE SOLVED PAPER - MA CALCULUSOFVARIATIONS&INTEGRALEQUATIONS

ANSWER KEY

CALCULUS OF VARIATIONS & INTEGRAL EQUATIONS

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

(B) (C) (D) (D) (A) (B) (B) (A) (D) (B)

11 12 13 14 15

(C) (A) (A) (C) (B)

Y

N

PA

M

O

C

&

IA

D

O

N

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