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m m

60 kN

60 = 0

84.853

60 kN(T) .

4 0 kN

4 0=0

. 60 kN

40 kN(C )

60 = 0

60 kN(T) .

40 84.853sin 45 = 0

141.42 kN 141 kN .

160 kN (C ) .

4 0 kN

84.853 kN

8 0 kN, P2 = 0.

8 0=0

113.14 kN 113 kN . 80 kN

113.14

80 kN (T) .

80 kN

80 = 0

80 kN (T) .

113.14

113.14 113.14

160 kN (C) .

63.

if the members are in tension or compression. Set u = 0. 3 kN

1.5 m

A C u

SOLUTION

B

Support Reactions: Applying the equations of equilibrium to the free-body diagram 2m 2m

of the entire truss,Fig.a, we have

4 kN

a + MA = 0; NC (2 + 2) - 4(2) - 3(1.5) = 0

NC = 3.125 kN

+ F = 0; 3 - Ax = 0

: x

A x = 3 kN

+ c Fy = 0; A y + 3.125 - 4 = 0

A y = 0.875 kN

Method of Joints: We will use the above result to analyze the equilibrium of

joints C and A, and then proceed to analyze of joint B.

3

+ c Fy = 0; 3.125 - FCD a b = 0

5

FCD = 5.208 kN = 5.21 kN (C) Ans.

+ F = 0; 4

: x 5.208 a b - FCB = 0

5

FCB = 4.167 kN = 4.17 kN (T) Ans.

3

+ c Fy = 0; 0.875 - FAD a b = 0

5

FAD = 1.458 kN = 1.46 kN (C) Ans.

+ F = 0; 4

: x FAB - 3 - 1.458 a b = 0

5

FAB = 4.167 kN = 4.17 kN (T) Ans.

+ c Fy = 0; FBD - 4 = 0

FBD = 4 kN (T) Ans.

+ F = 0; 4.167 - 4.167 = 0

: x (check!)

Note: The equilibrium analysis of joint D can be used to check the accuracy of the

solution obtained above.

64.

if the members are in tension or compression. Set u = 30. 3 kN

1.5 m

A C u

SOLUTION

B

Support Reactions: From the free-body diagram of the truss, Fig. a, and applying 2m 2m

the equations of equilibrium, we have

4 kN

a + MA = 0; NC cos 30(2 + 2) - 3(1.5) - 4(2) = 0

NC = 3.608 kN

+ F = 0; 3 - 3.608 sin 30 - A x = 0

: x

A x = 1.196 kN

+ c Fy = 0; A y + 3.608 cos 30 - 4 = 0

A y = 0.875 kN

Method of Joints: We will use the above result to analyze the equilibrium of

joints C and A, and then proceed to analyze of joint B.

3

+ c Fy = 0; 3.608 cos 30 - FCD a b = 0

5

FCD = 5.208 kN = 5.21 kN (C) Ans.

+ F = 0; 4

: x 5.208 a b - 3.608 sin 30 - FCB = 0

5

FCB = 2.362 kN = 2.36 kN (T) Ans.

3

+ c Fy = 0; 0.875 - FAD a b = 0

5

FAD = 1.458 kN = 1.46 kN (C) Ans.

+ F = 0; 4

: x FAB - 1.458a b - 1.196 = 0

5

FAB = 2.362 kN = 2.36 kN (T) Ans.

+ c Fy = 0; FBD - 4 = 0

FBD = 4 kN (T) Ans.

+ F = 0; 2.362 - 2.362 = 0

: x (check!)

Note: The equilibrium analysis of joint D can be used to check the accuracy of the

solution obtained above.

65.

300 N

if the members are in tension or compression.

400 N D C

SOLUTION 2m

Method of Joints: Here, the support reactions A and C do not need to be determined.

We will first analyze the equilibrium of joints D and B, and then proceed to analyze 250 N

A

joint C. B

2m

Joint D: From the free-body diagram in Fig. a, we can write 200 N

+ F = 0; 400 - FDC = 0

: x

+ c Fy = 0; FDA - 300 = 0

FDA = 300 N (C) Ans.

+ F = 0; 250 - FBA = 0

: x

+ c Fy = 0; FBC - 200 = 0

FBC = 200 N (T) Ans.

FCA = 282.84 N = 283 N (C) Ans.

+ F = 0; 400 + 282.84 cos 45 - NC = 0

: x

NC = 600 N

Note: The equilibrium analysis of joint A can be used to determine the components

of support reaction at A.

66.

Determine the force in each member of the truss, and state D 600 N

if the members are in tension or compression.

4m

SOLUTION E 900 N

C

Method of Joints: We will begin by analyzing the equilibrium of joint D, and then

proceed to analyze joints C and E. 4m

+ F = 0; 3

: x FDE a b - 600 = 0 6m

5

FDE = 1000 N = 1.00 kN (C) Ans.

4

+ c Fy = 0; 1000 a b - FDC = 0

5

FDC = 800 N (T) Ans.

+ F = 0; FCE - 900 = 0

: x

+ c Fy = 0; 800 - FCB = 0

FCB = 800 N (T) Ans.

FEB = 750 N (T) Ans.

67.

state if the members are in tension or compression.

2m

K I

2m

L H

SOLUTION 2m

A

G

Joint A: B C D E F

2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m

+ c Fy = 0; 20 - FAL sin 45 = 0

10 kN 10 kN

FAL = 28.28 kN (C) 20 kN

: x

FAB = 20 kN (T)

Joint B:

+ F = 0; FBC - 20 = 0

: x

FBC = 20 kN (T)

+ c Fy = 0; FBL = 0

Joint L:

R+ Fx = 0; FLC = 0

+QFy = 0; 28.28 - FLK = 0

FLK = 28.28 kN (C)

Joint C:

+ F = 0; FCD - 20 = 0

: x

FCD = 20 kN (T)

+ c Fy = 0; FCK - 10 = 0

FCK = 10 kN (T)

Joint K:

FKD = 7.454 kN (L)

FKJ = 23.57 kN (C)

Joint J:

+ F = 0; 23.57 sin 45 - FJI sin 45 = 0

: x

+ c Fy = 0; 2 (23.57 cos 45) - FJD = 0

FJD = 33.3 kN (T) Ans.

Due to Symmetry

FAB = FGF = FBC = FFE = FCD = FED = 20 kN (T) Ans.

FBL = FFH = FLC = FHE = 0 Ans.

FCK = FEI = 10 kN (T) Ans.

FKJ = FIJ = 23.6 kN (C) Ans.

FKD = FID = 7.45 kN (C) Ans.

.

Determine the force in each member of the truss and state if the members are in tension or

compression. Hint: The horizontal force component at A must be zero. Why?

8QLWV8VHG

3

N1 10 1

*LYHQ

) 600N1

) 800N1

D 4P

E 3P

T 60GHJ

6ROXWLRQ

Initial Guesses

)%$ 1N1 )%' 1N1 )&% 1N1 )&' 1N1

*LYHQ

E D

Joint B )&% )%' = 0 )%$ )%' ) = 0

2 2 2 2

D E D E

)%$ )%$

1133

)%' )%' 667 N1

Positive means Tension

)LQG )%$ )%' )&% )&' 400

Negative means Ans.

)&% )&%

Compression

) ) 693

&' &'

69.

the members are in tension or compression. Hint: The

vertical component of force at C must equal zero. Why?

2m

D

SOLUTION

A

E

Joint A: 1.5 m 2m

4 6 kN

+ c Fy = 0; FAB - 6 = 0 8 kN

5

+ F = 0; 3

: x -FAE + 7.5 a b = 0

5

Joint E:

+ F = 0;

: FED = 4.5 kN(C) Ans.

x

Joint B:

1 4

+ c Fy = 0; (FBD) - 8 - (7.5) = 0

22 5

+ F = 0; 3 1

: x FBC - (7.5) - (19.8) = 0

5 22

FBC = 18.5 kN (T) Ans.

610.

8 kg>m. Remove the external loads of 6 kN and 8 kN and

determine the approximate force in each member due to

the weight of the truss. State if the members are in tension

or compression. Solve the problem by assuming the weight

of each member can be represented as a vertical force, half 2m

of which is applied at each end of the member.

D

SOLUTION

A

E

1.5 m 2m

Joint A:

6 kN

4

+ c Fy = 0; F - 157.0 = 0 8 kN

5 AB

+ F = 0; 3

: y - FAE + 196.2 a b = 0

5

Joint E:

+ F = 0;

: FED = 117.7 = 118 N (C) Ans.

x

Joint B:

1 4

+ c Fy = 0; (FBD) - 366.0 - 215.8 - (196.2) = 0

22 5

+ F = 0; 3 1

: x FBC - (196.2) - (1045) = 0

5 22

FBC = 857 N (T) Ans.

611.

if the members are in tension or compression. 3m 3m 3m

B C

D

3m

A 5m

F

SOLUTION

E

Support Reactions:

5 kN

a + MD = 0; 4162 + 5192 - Ey 132 = 0 Ey = 23.0 kN

+ c Fy = 0; 23.0 - 4 - 5 - Dy = 0 Dy = 14.0 kN

+ F = 0

: Dx = 0

x

Method of Joints:

Joint D:

5

+ c Fy = 0; FDE - 14.0 = 0

234

FDE = 16.33 kN 1C2 = 16.3 kN 1C2 Ans.

+ F = 0; 3

: x 16.33 - FDC = 0

234

FDC = 8.40 kN 1T2 Ans.

Joint E:

+ F = 0; 3 3

: x FEA - 16.33 = 0

210 234

FEA = 8.854 kN 1C2 = 8.85 kN 1C2 Ans.

5 1

+ c Fy = 0; 23.0 - 16.33 - 8.854 - FEC = 0

234 210

FEC = 6.20 kN 1C2 Ans.

Joint C:

+ F = 0;

: 8.40 - 8.768 cos 45 - FCB = 0

x

611. (continued)

Joint B:

+ F = 0;

: 2.20 - FBA cos 45 = 0

x

Joint F:

+ F = 0;

: 8.768 cos 45 - FFA = 0

x

612.

the members are in tension or compression. Set P1 = 10 kN,

P2 = 15 kN.

4m

A F E D

SOLUTION

2m 4m 2m

a + MA = 0; Gx (4) - 10(2) - 15(6) = 0

P1 P2

Gx = 27.5 kN

+ F = 0;

: Ax - 27.5 = 0

x

Ax = 27.5 kN

+ c Fy = 0; Ay - 10 - 15 = 0

Ay = 25 kN

Joint G:

+ F = 0;

: FGB - 27.5 = 0

x

Joint A:

+ F = 0; 1

: x 27.5 - FAF - (FAB) = 0

25

2

+ c Fy = 0; 25 - FAB a b = 0

25

FAF = 15.0 kN (C) Ans.

FAB = 27.95 = 28.0 kN (C) Ans.

Joint B:

+ F = 0; 1

: x 27.95 a b + FBC - 27.5 = 0

25

2

+ c Fy = 0; 27.95 a b - FBF = 0

25

FBF = 25.0 kN (T) Ans.

FBC = 15.0 kN (T) Ans.

Joint F:

+ F = 0; 1

: x 15 + FFE - (FFC) = 0

22

1

+ c Fy = 0; 25 - 10 - FFC a b = 0

22

FFC = 21.21 = 21.2 kN (C) Ans.

FFE = 0 Ans.

Joint E:

+ F = 0;

: FED = 0 Ans.

x

+ c Fy = 0; FEC - 15 = 0

FEC = 15.0 kN (T) Ans.

Joint D:

+ F = 0;

: FDC = 0 Ans.

x

613.

if the members are in tension or compression. Set P1 = 0,

P2 = 20 kN.

4m

A F E D

SOLUTION

2m 4m 2m

a + MA = 0; -FGB (4) + 20(6) = 0

P1 P2

FGB = 30 kN (T) Ans.

+ F = 0;

: Ax - 30 = 0

x

Ax = 30 kN

+ c Fy = 0; Ay - 20 = 0

Ay = 20 kN

Joint A:

+ F = 0; 1

: x 30 - FAF - (FAB) = 0

25

2

+ c Fy = 0; 20 - FAB a b = 0

25

FAF = 20 kN (C) Ans.

FAB = 22.36 = 22.4 kN (C) Ans.

Joint B:

+ F = 0; 1

: x 22.36 a b + FBC - 30 = 0

25

2

+ c Fy = 0; 22.36 a b - FBF = 0

25

FBF = 20 kN (T) Ans.

FBC = 20 kN (T) Ans.

Joint F:

+ F = 0; 1

: x 20 + FFE - (FFC) = 0

22

1

+ c Fy = 0; 20 - FFC a b = 0

22

FFC = 28.28 = 28.3 kN (C) Ans.

FFE = 0 Ans.

Joint E:

+ F = 0;

: FED - 0 = 0

x

+ c Fy = 0; FEC - 20 = 0

FED = 0 Ans.

FEC = 20.0 kN (T) Ans.

Joint D:

+ F = 0; 1

: x (FDC) - 0 = 0

25

FDC = 0 Ans.

.

.

.

.

616.

whether the members are in tension or compression. Set B C

P = 8 kN.

60 E 60

A D

SOLUTION

4m 4m

Method of Joints: In this case, the support reactions are not required for P

determining the member forces.

Joint D:

+ c Fy = 0; FDC sin 60 - 8 = 0

+ F = 0;

: FDE - 9.238 cos 60 = 0

x

Joint C:

+ F = 0;

: 219.238 cos 602 - FCB = 0

x

Joint B:

FBE = FBA = F

+ F = 0;

: 9.238 - 2F cos 60 = 0

x

F = 9.238 kN

Thus,

Joint E:

+ F = 0;

: FEA + 9.238 cos 60 - 9.238 cos 60 - 4.619 = 0

x

using the results obtained above.

617.

in tension and 6 kN in compression, determine the B C

maximum force P that can be supported at joint D.

60 E 60

A D

SOLUTION

4m 4m

Method of Joints: In this case, the support reactions are not required for P

determining the member forces.

Joint D:

+ F = 0;

: FDE - 1.1547P cos 60 = 0 FDE = 0.57735P 1C2

x

Joint C:

+ F = 0;

: 211.1547P cos 602 - FCB = 0 FCB = 1.1547P 1T2

x

Joint B:

+ F = 0;

: 1.1547P - 2F cos 60 = 0 F = 1.1547P

x

Thus,

Joint E:

+ F = 0;

: FEA + 1.1547P cos 60 - 1.1547P cos 60

x

- 0.57735P = 0

From the above analysis, the maximum compression and tension in the truss

member is 1.1547P. For this case, compression controls which requires

1.1547P = 6

P = 5.20 kN Ans.

618.

the members are in tension or compression. Hint: The 3m 3m

resultant force at the pin E acts along member ED. Why? A B C

4m

D

SOLUTION

Joint C:

E

2

+ c Fy = 0; FCD - 2 = 0

213

FCD = 3.606 = 3.61 kN (C) Ans.

+ F = 0; 3

: x -FCD + 3.606a b = 0

213

FCB = 3 kN (T) Ans.

Joint B:

+ F = 0;

: FBA = 3 kN (T) Ans.

x

Joint D:

+ F = 0; 3 3 3

: x FDE - (3.606) + FDA = 0

213 213 213

2 2 2

+ c Fy = 0; (FDE) - (FDA) - (3.606) - 3 = 0

213 213 213

FDA = 2.70 kN (T) Ans.

619.

8 kg>m. Remove the external loads of 3 kN and 2 kN and 3m 3m

determine the approximate force in each member due to A B C

the weight of the truss. State if the members are in tension

or compression. Solve the problem by assuming the weight

of each member can be represented as a vertical force, half

of which is applied at each end of the member.

4m

D

SOLUTION

Joint C:

E

2

+ c Fy = 0; FCD - 259.2 = 0

213

FCD = 467.3 = 467 N (C) Ans.

+ F = 0; 3

: x - FCB + 467.3 a b = 0

213

FCB = 388.8 = 389 N (T) Ans.

Joint B:

+ F = 0;

: FBA = 388.8 = 389 N (T) Ans.

x

Joint D:

+ F = 0; 3 3 3

: x FDE - (467.3) - FDA = 0

213 213 213

2 2 2

+ c Fy = 0; (FDE) + (FDA) - (467.3) - 313.9 - 502.9 = 0

213 213 213

620.

the load P, and indicate whether the members are in tension

or compression.

d

A C

F D

d

SOLUTION

Support Reactions:

E

3 4

a + ME = 0; P(2d) - Ay a d b = 0 Ay = P d d/2 d/2 d

2 3

4 4

+ c Fy = 0; P - Ey = 0 Ey = P

3 3

+ F = 0;

: Ex - P = 0 Ex = P

x

members. Hence

FCB = FCD = 0 Ans.

Joint A:

1 4

+ c Fy = 0; FAB - P = 0

23.25 3

FAB = 2.40P (C) = 2.40P (C) Ans.

+ F = 0; 1.5

: x FAF - 2.404P = 0

23.25

FAF = 2.00P (T) Ans.

Joint B:

: x 2.404P - P - FBF - FBD = 0

23.25 21.25 21.25

1.00P - 0.4472FBF - 0.4472FBD = 0 (1)

1 1 1

+ c Fy = 0; 2.404P + FBD - FBF = 0

23.25 21.25 21.25

1.333P + 0.8944FBD - 0.8944FBF = 0 (2)

Solving Eqs. (1) and (2) yield,

FBF = 1.863P (T) = 1.86P (T) Ans.

FBD = 0.3727P (C) = 0.373P (C) Ans.

Joint F:

1 1

+ c Fy = 0; 1.863P - FFE = 0

21.25 21.25

FFE = 1.863P (T) = 1.86P (T) Ans.

+ F = 0; 0.5

: x FFD + 2 B 1.863P R - 2.00P = 0

21.25

FFD = 0.3333P (T) = 0.333P (T) Ans.

Joint D:

1 1

+ c Fy = 0; FDE - 0.3727P = 0

21.25 21.25

FDE = 0.3727P (C) = 0.373P (C) Ans.

+ F = 0; 0.5

: y 2 B 0.3727P R - 0.3333P = 0 (Check!)

21.25

621.

in tension and 3 kN in compression, determine the maximum

force P that can be applied at joint B. Take d = 1 m.

d

SOLUTION

A C

Support Reactions: D

F

3 4

a + ME = 0; P(2d) - Ay a d b = 0 Ay = P d

2 3

4 4

+ c Fy = 0; P - Ey = 0 Ey = P E

3 3

+ F = 0; d d/2 d/2 d

: x Ex - P = 0 Ex = P

Method of Joints: By inspection of joint C, members CB and CD are zero force

members. Hence

FCB = FCD = 0

Joint A:

1 4

+ c Fy = 0; FAB - P = 0 FAB = 2.404P (C)

23.25 3

+ F = 0; 1.5

: x FAF - 2.404P = 0 FAF = 2.00P (T)

23.25

Joint B:

: x 2.404P - P - FBF - FBD = 0

23.25 21.25 21.25

1.00P - 0.4472FBF - 0.4472FBD = 0 (1)

1 1 1

+ c Fy = 0; 2.404P + FBD - FBF = 0

23.25 21.25 21.25

1.333P + 0.8944FBD - 0.8944FBF = 0 (2)

FBF = 1.863P (T) FBD = 0.3727P (C)

Joint F:

1 1

+ c Fy = 0; 1.863P - FFE = 0

21.25 21.25

FFE = 1.863P (T)

+ F = 0; 0.5

: x FFD + 2 B 1.863P R - 2.00P = 0

21.25

FFD = 0.3333P (T)

Joint D:

1 1

+ c Fy = 0; FDE - 0.3727P = 0

21.25 21.25

FDE = 0.3727P (C)

+ F = 0; 0.5

: y 2 B 0.3727P R - 0.3333P = 0 (Check!)

21.25

From the above analysis, the maximum compression and tension in the truss members

are 2.404P and 2.00P, respectively. For this case, compression controls which requires

2.404P = 3

P = 1.25 kN

622.

truss in terms of the load P and state if the members are in

tension or compression.

L/3

SOLUTION

E F D

A

L 2L

c + MA = 0; Pa b + P a b - (Dy)(L) = 0

3 3 L/3 L/3 L/3

Dy = P

P P

+ c Fy = 0; Ay = P

Joint F:

+ F = 0; 1 (1)

: x FFD - FFE - FFB a b = 0

22

FFD - FFE = P

+ F = 0; 1

: y FFB a b -P = 0

22

Similarly,

FEC = 22P

Joint C:

+ F = 0; 2 1 1

: x FCA a b - 22P a b - FCD a b = 0

25 22 22

2 1

FCA - FCD = P

25 22

1 1 1

+c Fy = 0; FCA - 22P + FCD =0

25 22 22

2 25

FCA = P = 1.4907P = 1.49P (C)

3

22

FCD = P = 0.4714P = 0.471P (C)

3

Joint A:

+ F = 0; 22 1 2 25 2

: x FAE - Pa b - Pa b = 0

3 22 3 25

5

FAE = P = 1.67 P (T)

3

Similarly,

FFD=1.67 P (T)

FFE = 0.667 P (T) Ans.

FFD = 1.67 P (T) Ans.

FAB = 0.471 P (C) Ans.

FAE = 1.67 P (T) Ans.

FAC = 1.49 P (C) Ans.

FBF = 1.41 P (T) Ans.

FBD = 1.49 P (C) Ans.

FEC = 1.41 P (T) Ans.

FCD = 0.471 P (C) Ans.

623.

L

C

the load P and state if the members are in tension or

compression.

L L L L

A D

E

SOLUTION L L

Entire truss: P

a + MA = 0; - P(L) + Dy (2 L) = 0

P

Dy =

2

P

+ c Fy = 0; - P + Ay = 0

2

P

Ay =

2

+ F = 0;

: Ax = 0

x

Joint D:

P

+ c Fy = 0; -FCD sin 60 + = 0

2

+ F = 0;

; FDB - 0.577P cos 60 = 0

x

Joint C:

+ F = 0;

: FBC - 0.577 P cos 60 - 0.577P cos 60 = 0

x

Due to symmetry:

624.

L

C

Remove the external force P and determine the approximate

force in each member due to the weight of the truss. State if

the members are in tension or compression. Solve the

problem by assuming the weight of each member can be L L L L

represented as a vertical force, half of which is applied at

each end of the member.

A D

E

SOLUTION L L

Entire truss: P

3 L 3 3

a + MA = 0; - W a b - 2 W(L) - W a L b - W(2 L) + Dy (2 L) = 0

2 2 2 2

7

Dy = W

2

Joint D:

7

+ c Fy = 0; W - W - FCD sin 60 = 0

2

+ F = 0;

: 2.887W cos 60 - FDE = 0

x

Joint C:

3

+ c Fy = 0; 2.887W sin 60 - W - FCE sin 60 = 0

2

+ F = 0;

: FBC - 1.1547W cos 60 - 2.887W cos 60 = 0

x

Due to symmetry:

625.

the external loading and state if the members are in tension

or compression. B L C

P

L L

SOLUTION

Joint B: A D

L

+ c Fy = 0; FBA sin 2u - P = 0

+ F = 0;

: P csc 2u(cos 2u) - FBC = 0

x

Joint C:

+ F = 0;

: P cot 2 u + P + FCD cos 2 u - FCA cos u = 0

x

cot 2 u + 1

FCA = P

cos u - sin u cot 2 u

Joint D:

+ F = 0;

: FDA - (cot 2 u + 1)(cos 2 u) P = 0

x

626.

truss is 1Ft2max = 2 kN, and the maximum allowable

compressive force is 1Fc2max = 1.2 kN. Determine the B L C

maximum magnitude P of the two loads that can be applied P

to the truss. Take L = 2 m and u = 30.

u

L L

SOLUTION

(Tt)max = 2 kN A D

L

(FC)max = 1.2 kN

Joint B:

+ c Fy = 0; FBA cos 30 - P = 0

P

FBA = = 1.1547 P (C)

cos 30

+ F = 0;

: FAB sin 30 - FBC = 0

x

Joint C:

sin 60

FCA = FCD a b = 1.732 FCD

sin 30

+ F = 0;

: P tan 30 + P + FCD cos 60 - FCA cos 30 = 0

x

tan 30 + 1

FCD = a b P = 1.577 P (C)

23 cos 30 - cos 60

FCA = 2.732 P (T)

Joint D:

+ F = 0;

: FDA - 1.577 P sin 30 = 0

x

P = 732.05 N

.

.

.

.

6 29.

The Pratt bridge truss is subjected to the loading shown. Determine the force in members LD,

LK, CD, and KD, and state if the members are in tension or compression.

Units Used:

3

kN 10 N

Given:

F1 50 kN

F2 50 kN

F3 50 kN

a 4m

b 3m

Solution:

Ax 0

3F 3 4F2 5F 1

Ay

6

Guesses

F LD 1 kN F LK 1 kN

F CD 1 kN F KD 1 kN

Given

F CD a F1 b Ay( 2b) 0

Ay F1 F2 a

2 2 FLD 0

a b

F 3 F KD 0

FLD FLD

0

FLK FLK 112.5 kN

Find F LD FLK F CD F KD 112.5

Positive (T)

Ans.

FCD FCD

Negative (C)

F F 50

KD KD

630.

The Pratt bridge truss is subjected to the loading shown. Determine the force in members JI,

JE, and DE, and state if the members are in tension or compression.

Units Used:

3

kN 10 N

Given:

F1 50 kN

F2 50 kN

F3 50 kN

a 4m

b 3m

Solution:

Initial Guesses

Gy 1 kN F JI 1 kN

F JE 1 kN F DE 1 kN

Given

Entire Truss

Section

F DE F JI 0 F JE Gy 0

Gy( 2b) F DE a 0

Gy

FJI

FJI 75

50 kN

Find Gy F JI FJE FDE Gy 50 kN FJE

Ans.

FJE F 75

F DE

DE

Positive means Tension,

Negative means Compression

6 31.

Determine the force in members BE, EF, and CB, and state if the members are in tension or

compression.

Units Used:

3

kN 10 N

Given:

F1 5 kN F4 10 kN

F2 10 kN a 4m

F3 5 kN b 4m

atan

a

Solution: T

b

Inital Guesses

F CB 1 kN F BE 1 kN F EF 1 kN

Given

F 1 F 2 F BE cos T 0

F 1 a F CB b 0

FCB

FBE

Find FCB F BE F EF

F

EF

FCB 5

21.2 kN

FBE

Positive (T) Ans.

F 25

Negative (C)

EF

632.

Determine the force in members BF, BG, and AB, and state if the members are in tension or

compression.

Units Used:

3

kN 10 N

Given:

F1 5 kN F4 10 kN

F2 10 kN a 4m

F3 5 kN b 4m

a

Solution: T atan

b

Inital Guesses

F AB 1 kN F BG 1 kN F BF 1 kN

Given

F 1 F 2 F 4 F BG cos T 0

F 1 3a F 22a F 4 a FAB b 0

F BF 0

FAB

FBG

Find F AB F BG F BF

F

BF

FAB 45

35.4 kN Positive (T)

FBG

Ans.

F 0

Negative (C)

BF

633.

Determine the force developed in members BC and CH of the roof truss and state if the

members are in tension or compression.

Units Used:

3

kN 10 N

Given:

F1 1.5 kN

F2 2 kN

a 1.5 m

b 1m

c 2m

d 0.8 m

Solution:

a

atan

a

T I atan

c c b

Initial Guesses:

Ey 1 kN F BC 1 kN F CH 1 kN

Given

Ey

FBC 3.25

FBC

Find Ey F BC F CH Ey 1.15 kN

FCH kN

1.923

Positive (T)

Negative (C)

Ans.

F

CH

634.

and GF of the truss and state if the

members are in tension or

compression. Also indicate all

zero-force members.

Units Used:

3

kN 10 N

Given:

F1 1.5 kN

F2 2 kN

a 1.5 m

b 1m

c 2m

d 0.8 m

Solution:

a

atan atan

a

T I

c c b

Initial Guesses:

Ey 1 kN F CD 1 kN F GF 1 kN

Given

E y( b) F CD sin T ( b) 0

E y( c) FGF( a) 0

Ey

FCD 1.917

FCD

Find E y FCD FGF Ey 1.15 kN

FGF

1.533

Positive (T)

kN Negative (C) Ans.

F

GF

DF and CF are zero force members.

635.

the truss is sectioned use a single equation of equilibrium 4 kN 4 kN

3 kN

for the calculation of each force. State if these members are 2 kN

in tension or compression.

A B C D E

3m

H F 2m

SOLUTION G

5m 5m 5m 5m

a + ME = 0; - Ay (20) + 2(20) + 4(15) + 4(10) + 5(5) = 0

Ay = 8.25 kN

5

a + MC = 0; -8.25(10) + 2(10) + 4(5) + FHG(5) = 0

229

FHG = 9.1548 = 9.15 kN (T) Ans.

3

a + MO = 0; -2(2.5) + 8.25(2.5) - 4(7.5) + FHC(12.5) = 0

234

FHC = 2.24 kN (T) Ans.

636.

if these members are in tension or compression. 4 kN 4 kN

3 kN

2 kN

A B C D E

3m

H F 2m

SOLUTION G

5m 5m 5m 5m

+ F = 0;

: Ex = 0

x

Ey = 9.75 kN

5

a + MC = 0; -5(5) - 3(10) + 9.75(10) - FFG(5) = 0

229

FFG = 9.155 kN (T)

3

a + MO = 0; -9.75(2.5) + 5(7.5) + 3(2.5) - FCF(12.5) = 0

234

FCF = 3.21 kN (T) Ans.

Joint G:

+ F = 0;

: FGH = 9.155 kN (T)

x

2

+ c Fy = 0; (9.155)(2) - FCG = 0

229

FCG = 6.80 kN (C) Ans.

1.5 m

1.5 m

N

N N

2m 2m 2m 2m

2m 2m

kN

2 m 2 m 2 m m

kN kN

kN

kN kN .

kN kN .

2 m 2 m

kN kN

kN

kN

3 m

kN

kN 2 m 2 m

kN kN

. kN kN

1.5 m

1.5 m

N

N

N

2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m

(6) 1.50(4) 1.20(2) = 0

kN

1.60(4) (3) = 0

3 m

kN .

1.60(4) (3) = 0

kN .

4m

kN

639.

and state if these members are in tension or compression.

Also, indicate all zero-force members.

2m

I J

2m

SOLUTION

A E

By inspection of joints B, D, H and I, H G F

1.5 m 1.5 m 1.5 m 1.5 m

AB, BC, CD, DE, HI, and GI are all zero-force members. Ans.

3 6 kN 6 kN

a + MG = 0; -4.5(3) + FIC a b (4) = 0

5

Joint C:

+ F = 0;

: FCJ = 5.625 kN

x

4 4

+ c Fy = 0; (5.625) + (5.625) - FCG = 0

5 5

640.

and state if these members are in tension or compression.

Also, indicate all zero-force members.

2m

I J

2m

SOLUTION

A E

By inspection of joints B, D, H and I, H G F

1.5 m 1.5 m 1.5 m 1.5 m

AB, BC, CD, DE, HI, and GI are zero-force members. Ans.

6 kN 6 kN

Joint E:

4

+ c Fy = 0; 7.5 - F = 0

5 JE

+ F = 0; 3

: x (9.375) - FGF = 0

5

641.

Determine the force in members FG, GC and CB of the truss 1.5 m 1.5 m 1.5 m

E 900 N

used to support the sign, and state if the members are in

tension or compression.

3m

F 1800 N

D

SOLUTION 3m

Method of Sections: The forces in members FG, GC, and CB are exposed by cutting 900 N

G

the truss into two portions through section aa on the upper portion of the free-body

C

diagram, Fig. a. From this free-body diagram, FCB, FGC, and FFG can be obtained by

writing the moment equations of equilibrium about points G, E, and C, respectively. 3m

FCB = 3600 N = 3.60 kN (T) Ans.

FGC = 1800 N = 1.80 kN (C) Ans.

FFG = 4024.92 N = 4.02 kN (C) Ans.

642.

and ML of the roof truss and state if the

members are in tension or compression.

Units Used:

3

kN 10 N

Given:

F1 6 kN

F2 12 kN

F3 12 kN

F4 12 kN

a 4m

b 3m

c 6m

Solution:

c b

T atan

3a

b 2

( c b)

3

I atan

a

Initial Guesses:

Ay 1 kN F ML 1 kN F DL 1 kN F DE 1 kN

Given

F 2( a) F3( 2a) F4( 3a) F3( 4a) F2( 5a) F1( 6a) A y( 6a) 0

2

0

3

Ay

FML

FML 38.4

37.1 kN

Find Ay F ML F DE F DL Ay 36 kN FDE Ans.

FDE F 3.8

F DL

DL

Positive (T), Negative (C)

643.

Determine the force in members EF and EL of the roof truss and state if the members are in

tension or compression.

Units Used:

3

kN 10 N

Given:

F1 6 kN

F2 12 kN

F3 12 kN

F4 12 kN

a 4m

b 3m

c 6m

Solution:

c b

T atan

3a

Initial Guesses:

Iy 1 kN F EF 1 kN

F EL 1 kN

Given

F 2( a) F3( 2a) F4( 3a) F3( 4a) F2( 5a) F1( 6a) Iy( 6a) 0

F 4 F EL 2F EF sin T 0

Iy

FEF 37.108

FEF

Find Iy FEF FEL Iy 36 kN

FEL

6

kN

Positive (T)

Negative (C) Ans.

F

EL

644.

C D

force in members CB, BE, and EF and state if these P

members are in tension or compression. Assume that all

joints are pinned.

d

P

SOLUTION B E

a + MB = 0; -P(d) + FEF(d) = 0

d

FEF = P (C) Ans.

d A F

a + ME = 0; - P(d) + B R FCB (d) = 0

2(d) +

2

A B

d 2

2

d d/ 2

FCB = 1.118 P (T) = 1.12 P (T) Ans.

+ F = 0; 0.5

: x P - (1.118 P) - FBE = 0

21.25

FBE = 0.5P (T) Ans.

645.

C D

force in members AB, BF, and EF and state if these P

members are in tension or compression. Assume that all

joints are pinned.

d

P

SOLUTION B E

d

FAB = P (T) Ans.

a + MB = 0; - P(d) + FEF(d) = 0 A F

+ F = 0; 1

: x P - FBF a b = 0

22

FBF = 1.41P (C) Ans.

646.

Baltimore bridge truss and state if the members are in 2m

tension or compression. Also, indicate all zero-force N O P J

members. 2m

A I

B C D E F G H

2 kN 2 kN

5 kN 3 kN

SOLUTION 16 m, 8 @ 2 m

Support Reactions:

Ay = 5.625 kN

+ F = 0;

: Ax = 0

x

LE and JG are zero force members. Ans.

Method of Sections:

a + MM = 0; FCD142 - 5.625142 = 0

647.

Baltimore bridge truss and state if the members are in 2m

tension or compression. Also, indicate all zero-force N O P J

members. 2m

A I

B C D E F G H

2 kN 2 kN

5 kN 3 kN

SOLUTION 16 m, 8 @ 2 m

Support Reactions:

Iy = 6.375 kN

LE and JG are zero force members. Ans.

Method of Sections:

648.

determine the force on members HG and HB of the truss

and state if the members are in tension or compression.

3m

SOLUTION

A B C D

Method of Section: Consider the FBD of the right portion of the truss cut through L L L

sec. aa, Fig. a, we notice that FHB and FHG can be obtained directly by writing the

force equation of equilibrium along vertical and moment equation of equilibrium

about joint B, respectively. 600 N

649.

force in members BC, BG, and HG as the dimension L

varies. Plot the results of F (ordinate with tension as

positive) versus L (abscissa) for 0 L 3 m.

3m

A B C D

SOLUTION L L L

600 N

600

FBG = -

sin u

3

sin u =

2L2 + 9

FBG = - 200 2L2 + 9

a + MG = 0; - FBC132 - 6001L2 = 0

FBC = - 200L

a + MB = 0; FHG132 - 60012L2 = 0

65 0.

Two space trusses are used to equally support the uniform sign of mass M. Determine the force

developed in members AB, AC, and BC of truss ABCD and state if the members are in tension

or compression. Horizontal short links support the truss at joints B and D and there is a ball-and-

socket joint at C.

Given:

m

M 50 kg g 9.81

2

a 0.25 m s

b 0.5 m

c 2m

2 2

Solution: h b a

a a 0

AB c AD c AC c

h h 0

2a a

BD 0 BC 0

0 h

Guesses

F AB 1N F AD 1N F AC 1N

F BC 1N F BD 1N By 1N

Given

0

AB AD AC

0

F AB FAD FAC 0

AB AD AC M g

2

0

AB BD BC

F AB FBD F BC B y 0

AB BD BC

0

FAB

FAD

F By 566

AC 584 N

FBC

Find F AB F AD F AC F BC F BD B y FAD

F 0

BD

FBD

FAB

By 584

1133 N

FAC Ans.

F 142

BC

Positive (T), Negative (C)

651.

state if the members are in tension or compression. Hint:

The support reaction at E acts along member EB. Why? 2m

E

B

SOLUTION 3m

5m

Method of Joints: In this case, the support reactions are not required for C

determining the member forces.

3m

Joint A: A

5 D y

Fz = 0; FAB - 6 = 0

229 x 4m

6 kN

FAB = 6.462 kN 1T2 = 6.46 kN 1T2 Ans.

3 3

Fx = 0; FAC a b - FAD a b = 0 FAC = FAD (1)

5 5

4 4 2

Fy = 0; FAC a b + FAD a b - 6.462 = 0

5 5 229

FAC + FAD = 3.00 (2)

Joint B:

3 3

Fx = 0; FBC - FBD = 0 FBC = FBD (1)

238 238

5 5 5

Fz = 0; FBC + FBD - 6.462 = 0

238 238 229

FBC + FBD = 7.397 (2)

2 2

Fy = 0; 2 B 3.699 R + 6.462 - FBE = 0

238 229

FBE = 4.80 kN 1T2 Ans.

joints C and D, respectively using the results obtained above.

652.

state if the members are in tension or compression. The z D

truss is supported by rollers at A, B, and C.

6m

SOLUTION

C

3 3 3m

Fx = 0; F - FDA = 0

7 DC 7 3m

y

B

A

FDC = FDA

2m

2 2 2.5 x 2.5 m

Fy = 0; F + FDA - F = 0

7 DC 7 6.5 DB

6 6

Fz = 0; - 8 + 2a b FDC + F = 0

7 6.5 DB

Fx = 0; FBC = FBA

2.5 4.5

Fy = 0; 3.85 a b - 2 FBC = 0

6.5 229.25

FBC = FBA = 0.890 kN 1T2 Ans.

3 3

Fx = 0; 2.59a b - 0.890 - FAC = 0

7 229.25

FAC = 0.617 kN 1T2 Ans.

653.

Determine the force in each member, and state if the members

F

are in tension or compression.

D

SOLUTION

3m

1.5 m

Method of Joints: In this case, there is no need to compute the support reactions. We

will begin by analyzing the equilibrium of joint D, and then that of joints A and C. 1.5 m C

A B

Joint D: From the free-body diagram, Fig. a, we can write

y

1.5 1.5 1m

Fx = 0; FDA a b - FDC a b + 300 = 0 (1) x

1m

3.5 3.5

1 1 1

Fy = 0; FDB a b - FDA a b - FDC a b + 400 = 0 (2)

110 3.5 3.5

3 3 3

Fz = 0; - FDA a b - FDC a b - FDB a b - 500 = 0 (3)

3.5 3.5 110

Solving Eqs. (1) through (3) yields

FDC = 554.17 N = 554 N (T) Ans.

FDA = - 145.83 N = 146 N (C) Ans.

2 1

Fy = 0; FAB a b - 145.83 a b = 0

2.5 3.5

FAB = 52.08 N = 52.1 N (T) Ans.

1.5 1.5

Fx = 0; 145.83 a b - 52.08 a b - FAC = 0

3.5 2.5

FAC = 31.25 N (T) Ans.

3

Fz = 0; A z - 145.83 a b = 0

3.5

A z = 125 N Ans.

1.5 1.5

Fx = 0; 31.25 + 554.17 a b - FCB a b = 0

3.5 2.5

FCB = 447.92 N = 448 N (C) Ans.

1 2

Fy = 0; 554.17 a b - 447.92 a b + Cy = 0

3.5 2.5

Cy = 200 N

3

Fz = 0; 554.17 a b - Cz = 0

3.5

Cz = 475 N

Note: The equilibrium analysis of joint B can be used to determine the components

of support reaction of the ball and socket support at B.

654. z

Determine the force in each member, and state if the members D

are in tension or compression.

3m

1.5 m

SOLUTION

1.5 m C

Method of Joints: In this case, there is no need to compute the support reactions.

A B

We will begin by analyzing the equilibrium of joint D, and then that of joints

y

A and C.

1m

Joint D: From the free-body diagram, Fig. a, we can write 1m

x

1.5 1.5

Fx = 0; FDA a b - FDC a b - 400 = 0 (1)

3.5 3.5

1 1 1

Fy = 0; FDB - a b - FDA a b - FDC a b + 500 = 0 (2)

110 3.5 3.5

3 3 3

Fz = 0; 600 - FDA a b - FDC a b - FDB a b = 0 (3)

3.5 3.5 110

Solving Eqs. (1) through (3) yields

FDC = 145.83 N = 146 N (T) Ans.

FDA = 1079.17 N = 1.08 kN (T) Ans.

1 2

Fy = 0; 1079.17 a b - FAB a b = 0

3.5 2.5

FAB = 385.42 N = 385 N (C) Ans.

1.5 1.5

Fx = 0; 385.42 a b - 1079.17 a b + FAC = 0

2.5 3.5

FAC = 231.25 N = 231 N (C) Ans.

1

Fz = 0; 1079.17 a b - Az = 0

3.5

A z = 925 N Ans.

1.5 1.5

Fx = 0; FCB a b - 231.25 + 145.83 a b = 0

2.5 3.5

FCB = 281.25 N = 281 N (T) Ans.

1 2

Fy = 0; 281.25 a b + 145.83 a b - Cy = 0

2.5 3.5

Cy = 266.67 N

3

Fz = 0; 145.83 a b - Cz = 0

3.5

Cz = 125 N

Note: The equilibrium analysis of joint B can be used to determine the components

of support reaction of the ball and socket support at B.

655.

Determine the force in each member of the space truss and z

state if the members are in tension or compression. The 1m

truss is supported by ball-and-socket joints at C, D, E, and G.

1m G

E A

SOLUTION D F 3 kN

2m

2 2 4

(MEG)x = 0; FBC (2) + FBD (2) - (3)(2) = 0

25 25 5

x C

FBc + FBD = 2.683 kN 2m B

1.5 m y

Joint A:

4

Fz = 0; FAB - (3) = 0

5

Fx = 0; FAG = FAE

3 2 2

Fy = 0; (3) - FAE - FAG = 0

5 25 25

FAG = FAE = 1.01 kN (T) Ans.

Joint B:

1 1 1 1

Fx = 0; (1.342) + FBE - (1.342) - FBG = 0

25 3 25 3

2 2 2 2

Fy = 0; (1.342) - F + (1.342) - FBG = 0

25 3 BE 25 3

2 2

Fz = 0; F + FBG - 2.4 = 0

3 BE 3

656.

C, and D. Determine the force in each member and state if 8 kN

the members are in tension or compression. There is a roller 6 kN C

9 kN

at E, and A and F are ball-and-socket joints. B 90

D

1.5 m

1m

SOLUTION F

A E

Joint C: 1.25 m

Fx = 0; FBC = 0 Ans.

Fy = 0; FCD = 0 Ans.

Joint B:

Fy = 0; FBD = 0 Ans.

Joint D:

Fy = 0; FAD = 0 Ans.

Fx = 0; FDF = 0 Ans.

Joint E:

Fx = 0; FEF = 0 Ans.

Fy = 0; FEA = 0 Ans.

657.

space truss, and state if the members are in tension or

compression.

F

SOLUTION D E

1.5 m

Method of Joints: In this case, there is no need to compute the support reactions.We will A

begin by analyzing the equilibrium of joint C, and then that of joints E and B.

x C y

Joint C: From the free-body diagram, Fig. a, we can write 3m

1m

B 600 N

1m

1.5

Fz = 0; FCE a b - 600 = 0

13.25

FCE = 721.11 N = 721 N (T) Ans. 900 N

1

Fx = 0; 721.11 a b - FBC = 0

13.25

FBC = 400 N (C) Ans.

Joint E: From the free-body diagram, Fig, b, notice that FEF, FED, and FEC lie in the

same plane (shown shaded), and FBE is the only force that acts outside of this plane.

If the x axis is perpendicular to this plane and the force equation of equilibrium is

written along this axis, we have

Fx = 0; FBE = cos u = 0

FBE = 0 Ans.

1.5

Fz = 0; FBF a b - 900 = 0

3.5

658.

Determine the force in members AF, AB, AD, ED, FD, and z

BD of the space truss, and state if the members are in tension

or compression.

F

SOLUTION D E

1.5 m

Support Reactions: In this case, it will be easier to compute the support reactions A

first. From the free-body diagram of the truss, Fig. a, and writing the equations of

equilibrium, we have x C y

3m

1m

B 600 N

Mx = 0; Fy(1.5) - 900(3) - 600(3) = 0 Fy = 3000 N 1m

900 N

Mz = 0; A y(2) - 3000(1) = 0 A y = 1500 N

Fx = 0; Ax = 0

Method of Joints: Using the above results, we will begin by analyzing the equilibrium

of joint A, and then that of joints C and D.

Fy = 0; 1500 - FAB = 0

FAB = 1500 N = 1.50 kN (C) Ans.

1.5

Fz = 0; 900 - FAF a b = 0

13.25

FAF = 1081.67 N = 1.08 kN (C) Ans.

1

Fx = 0; 1081.67 a b - FAD = 0

13.25

FAD = 600 N (T) Ans.

Joint C: From the free-body diagram of the joint in Fig. c, notice that FCE, FCB, and

the 600-N force lie in the xz plane (shown shaded). Thus, if we write the force

equation of equilibrium along the y axis, we have

Fy = 0; FDC = 0

2 1 1

Fx = 0; FBC - a b + FFD a b + FFD a b + 600 = 0 (1)

113 3.5 13.25

3 3

Fy = 0; FBD a b + FED a b + 1500 = 0 (2)

113 3.5

1.5 1.5

Fz = 0; FFD a b + FED a b + 600 = 0 (3)

113 3.5

Solving Eqs. (1) through (3) yields

659. If the truss supports a force of F = 200 N, z

determine the force in each member and state if the 200 mm

members are in tension or compression. 200 mm

D

C 200 mm

E

200 mm

B

x

y

500 mm

300 mm

F

660. If each member of the space truss can support a z

maximum force of 600 N in compression and 800 N in 200 mm

tension, determine the greatest force F the truss can 200 mm

support.

D

C 200 mm

E

200 mm

B

x

y

500 mm

300 mm

F

661. Determine the force P required to hold the 50-kg

mass in equilibrium.

C

P

662. Determine the force P required to hold the

150-kg crate in equilibrium. The two cables are connected

to the bottom of the hanger. B

C

A

P

663.

schematically in the figure. Determine the magnitude of

force P needed to support the 800-N force. Also, find the

distance x where the cable must be attached to bar AB so

the bar remains horizontal. All pulleys have a radius of

60 mm. x

B

A

SOLUTION

800 N 180 mm 240 mm

Equations of Equilibrium: From FBD(a),

P

+ c Fy = 0; 4P - 800 = 0 P = 200 N

From FBD(b),

- 40.013602 - 40.014802 = 0

x = 240 mm Ans.

664.

A B C

using the Spanish Burton rig. Also, what are the reactions at

H G F

the supporting hooks A, B, and C?

P

E

SOLUTION

For pulley D: D

+ c Fy = 0; 9P - 2019.812 = 0

P = 21.8 N Ans.

At A, RA = 2P = 43.6 N Ans.

At B, RB = 2P = 43.6 N Ans.

At C, RC = 6P = 131 N Ans.

5

0.7 m

0.8 m 0.8 m

8 6

0.8 m

2 P,

1.6 m

5 (2 P)2 + (P)2

2.24 kN .

666.

that the pins at A, B, and C exert on their connecting members. A 0.2 m

50 mm

B C

1m

SOLUTION 800 N

+ F = 0;

: Bx = 4200 N = 4.20 kN Ans.

x

+ c Fy = 0; Ay - By - 800 = 0 (1)

Member AC:

+ F = 0;

: - 4200 + 800 + Cx = 0

x

Cx = 3.40 kN Ans.

+ c Fy = 0; 4000 - Cy = 0

Cy = 4.00 kN Ans.

.

.

668.

frame if the largest force resultant acting at A can have a 0.1 m

magnitude of 2 kN.

0.5 m

A

0.75 m 0.75 m

SOLUTION P

a + MA = 0; T(0.6) - P(1.5) = 0

+ F = 0;

: Ax - T = 0

x

+ c Fy = 0; Ay - P = 0

Thus, Ax = 2.5 P, Ay = P

Require,

2 = 2(2.5P)2 + (P)2

6 69.

Determine the horizontal and vertical components of force that pins A and C exert on the frame.

Given:

F 500 N

a 0.8 m d 0.4 m

b 0.9 m e 1.2 m

c 0.5 m T 45deg

Solution:

BC is a two-force member

Member AB :

e a

6MA = 0; F c FBC b F BC ( c d) 0

2 2 2 2

a e a e

2 2

a e

F BC Fc F BC 200.3 N

eba ca d

Thus,

e Ans.

Cx F BC Cx 167 N

2 2

a e

a

Cy F BC Cy 111 N Ans.

2 2

a e

e e

6F x = 0; Ax F BC 0 Ax FBC Ax 167 N Ans.

2 2 2 2

a e a e

a

6F y = 0; Ay F FBC 0 a

2 2 Ay F F BC Ay 389 N Ans.

a e 2 2

a e

.

671.

9 kN

compound beam which is pin connected at B and D.

10 kN m

E

B C D

SOLUTION A

Equations of Equilibrium: First, we will consider the free-body diagram of 1.5 m 1.5 m 1.5 m 1.5 m 1.5 m 1.5 m

segment DE in Fig. c.

+ MD = 0; NE(3) - 10(1.5) = 0

NE = 5 kN Ans.

+ ME = 0; 10(1.5) - Dy(3) = 0

Dy = 5 kN

+ F = 0; Dx = 0

: x Ans.

using the results of Dx and Dy obtained above.

+ MB = 0; NC(1.5) - 5(3) - 10 = 0

NC = 16.67 kN = 16.7 kN Ans.

+ MC = 0; By(1.5) - 5(1.5) - 10 = 0

By = 11.67 kN

+ F = 0; By = 0

: x

Finally, the free-body diagram of segment AB in Fig. a will be considered using the

results of Bx and By obtained above.

+ F = 0; Ax = 0

: x Ans.

+ c Fy = 0; 11.67 - 9 - A y = 0

A y = 2.67 kN Ans.

+ MA = 0; 11.67(3) - 9(1.5) - MA = 0

MA = 21.5 kN # m Ans.

672.

at pins A,B, and C,and the reactions at the fixed support D

0.5 m

0.5 m

0.5 m

0.5 m

of the three-member frame.

B

A

2m

SOLUTION

Free Body Diagram: The solution for this problem will be simplified if one realizes C

that member AC is a two force member.

4

a + MB = 0; 210.52 + 2112 + 211.52 + 2122 - FAC a b11.52 = 0

5 D

FAC = 8.333 kN

4

+ c Fy = 0; By + 8.333a b - 2 - 2 - 2 - 2 = 0

5

+ F = 0; 3

: x Bx - 8.333a b = 0

5

Bx = 5.00 kN Ans.

3 3

Ax = Cx = FAC a b = 8.333 a b = 5.00 kN Ans.

5 5

4 4

Ay = Cy = FAC a b = 8.333 a b = 6.67 kN Ans.

5 5

3

a + MD = 0; 5.00142 - 8.333 a b 122 - MD = 0

5

MD = 10.0 kN # m Ans.

4

+ c Fy = 0; Dy - 1.333 - 8.333a b = 0

5

Dy = 8.00 kN Ans.

+ F = 0; 3

: x 8.333 a b - 5.00 - Dx = 0

5

Dx = 0 Ans.

673.

rocker at B and C. There are hinges (pins) at D and E.

Determine the reactions at the supports. A D B E

C

6m 6m

2m 2m 2m

SOLUTION

Equations of Equilibrium: From FBD(a),

a + ME = 0; Cy 162 = 0 Cy = 0 Ans.

+ c Fy = 0; Ey - 0 = 0 Ey = 0

+ F = 0;

: Ex = 0

x

From FBD(b),

a + MD = 0; By 142 - 15122 = 0

By = 7.50 kN Ans.

+ c Fy = 0; Dy + 7.50 - 15 = 0

Dy = 7.50 kN

+ F = 0;

: Dx = 0

x

From FBD(c),

a + MA = 0; MA - 7.50162 = 0

MA = 45.0 kN # m Ans.

+ F = 0;

: Ax = 0 Ans.

x

674. The platform scale consists of a combination of 100 mm 150 mm

250 mm

third and first class levers so that the load on one lever

becomes the effort that moves the next lever. Through this H

arrangement, a small weight can balance a massive object. E F

If x = 450 mm, determine the required mass of the G

counterweight S required to balance a 90-kg load, L.

C D

150 mm

350 mm S

B

A

x

L

675. The platform scale consists of a combination of 100 mm 150 mm

250 mm

third and first class levers so that the load on one lever

becomes the effort that moves the next lever. Through this H

arrangement, a small weight can balance a massive object. If E F

x = 450 mm and, the mass of the counterweight S is 2 kg, G

determine the mass of the load L required to maintain the

balance. C D

150 mm

350 mm S

B

A

x

mL

676.

force which the pins at A, B, and C exert on member ABC

of the frame. 1.5 m 2m

C D

1.5 m

2.5 m

300 N

B 2m

300 N

2.5 m

1.5 m

A E

SOLUTION

a + ME = 0; -Ay(3.5) + 400(2) + 300(3.5) + 300(1.5) = 0

a + MD = 0; - Cy (3.5) + 400(2) = 0

a + MB = 0; Cx = 0 Ans.

+ F = 0;

: FBD = FBE

x

5

+ c Fy = 0; 657.1 - 228.6 - 2 a b FBD = 0

274

FBD = FBE = 368.7 N

Bx = 0 Ans.

5

By = (368.7)(2) = 429 N Ans.

274

677.

the tension in the chain wrapped around the freely turning

gear is to be 2 kN. Also, what is the magnitude of the

resultant force on pin A?

2 kN

45

B

2 kN

30

2 ft

SOLUTION

a + MA = 0; -4(2 cos 30) + W cos 45(2 cos 30) + Wsin 45(2 sin 30) = 0

W = 3.586 kN

+ F = 0;

: 4 - 3.586 cos 45 - Ax = 0

x

Ax = 1.464 kN

+ c Fy = 0; 3.586 sin 45 - Ay = 0

Ay = 2.536 kN

678.

750 N C

The collar fits over a smooth rod, and rod AB is fixed

connected to the collar. 1.25 m 1.25 m

A 30 1m

45 B

1m

SOLUTION

Equations of Equilibrium: From the force equation of equilibrium of member AB,

Fig. a, we can write

+ F = 0; NA cos 45 - Bx = 0

: x (2)

+ c Fy = 0; NA sin 45 - 750 - By = 0 (3)

+

: Fx = 0; Bx + 600 sin 30 - Cx = 0 (5)

+ c Fy = 0; By - Cy - 600 cos 30 = 0 (6)

By = 1844.13 N = 1.84 kN Bx = 2594.13 N

NA = 3668.66 N = 3.67 kN Ans.

Substituting the results of Bx and By into Eqs. (1), (5), and (6) yields

MA = 5547.84 N # m = 5.55 kN # m Ans.

Cx = 2894.13 N = 2.89 kN Ans.

Cy = 1324.52 N = 1.32 kN Ans.

679.

1.5 a

Determine the vertical clamping force acting at E.

F

B

C a/2

A 60 D

E a/2

SOLUTION 1.2 a

Free Body Diagram: The solution for this problem will be simplified if one realizes

that member CD is a two force member.

a a

a + MB = 0; FCD cos 30 a b - FCD sin 30a b - F12a2 = 0

2 2

FCD = 10.93F

+ F = 0;

: Bx - 10.93 sin 30 = 0

x

Bx = 5.464F

From (b),

a + MA = 0; 5.464F1a2 - FE 11.2a2 = 0

FE = 4.55F Ans.

1.2

680.

.

681.

Determine the force acting in the hydraulic cylinder AB,

the horizontal and vertical components of force at the 350 mm

1250 mm

pin C, and the reactions at the fixed connection D.

G C

A

850 mm

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram: The solution for this problem will be simplified if one realizes

B

that member AB is a two force member. From the geometry,

D

sin u sin 80

= u = 76.41

850 861.24

+ F = 0;

: Cx - 9227.60 cos 76.41 = 0

x

+ F = 0;

: Dx = 0 Ans.

x

+ c Fy = 0; Dy - 1962 = 0

.

.

683.

Determine the horizontal and vertical components of force that pins A and C exert on the

frame.

Units Used:

3

kN 10 N

Given:

F1 1 kN

F2 500 N

T 45 deg

a 0.2 m

b 0.2 m

c 0.4 m

d 0.4 m

Solution:

Guesses

Ax 1N Ay 1N

Cx 1N Cy 1N

Given

Ax Cx 0 Ay Cy F1 F2 0

F1 a Ay 2 a Ax d 0 F 2 b Cy( b c) Cx d 0

Ax Ax

500

Ay Ay 1000 N

Find Ax Ay Cx Cy 500

Ans.

Cx Cx

C C 500

y y

684.

The compound beam is fixed supported at A and supported by rockers at B and C. If there are

hinges (pins) at D and E, determine the reactions at the supports A, B, and C.

Units Used:

3

kN 10 N

Given:

a 2m M 48 kN m

b 4m kN

w1 8

m

c 2m

kN

w2 6

d 6m m

e 3m

Solution:

Guesses

Ax 1N Ay 1N MA 1 Nm

Dx 1N Dy 1N By 1N

Ey 1N Ex 1N Cy 1N

Given

Ay w2 a Dy 0 Ax Dx 0

a

MA w2 a Dy a 0 Dy w1( b c) By E y 0

2

2

( b c) Dx E x 0

w1 B y b E y( b c) 0

2

de E x 0

E y w1 Cy 0

2

d e d e

w1 Cy d M 0

2 3

Ax

Ay

M

A

Dx

Ax 0

Dy

Find A x A y MA Dx Dy B y Ey E x Cy

Ay kN

19

Ans.

B

y

Ey MA 26 kN m Ans.

By 51 kN

Ex Ans.

Cy 26 kN Ans.

Cy

685.

leverage mechanism. If a 20-N force is applied to the handles, 60 mm 150 mm

determine the cutting force generated at A. Assume that the F

contact surface at A is smooth.

B E

10 mm

A 45

SOLUTION C

D

point C to the free-body diagram of handle CDG in Fig. a, we have 25 mm 30 mm

G

FDE = 169.71 N 20 N

Using the result of FDE and applying the moment equation of equilibrium about

point B on the free-body diagram of the cutter in Fig. b, we obtain

FA = 130 N Ans.

686.

at A exerts a normal force of FA = 80 N on the pipe,

determine the normal forces of wheels B and C on C

the pipe. The three wheels each have a radius of 7 mm and

the pipe has an outer radius of 10 mm. 10 mm

B 10 mm

A

P

SOLUTION

10

u = sin -1 a b = 36.03

17

Equations of Equilibrium:

NB = NC

+ F = 0;

: 80 - NC cos 36.03 - NC cos 36.03 = 0

x

NB = NC = 49.5 N Ans.

N.

N N

N .

N .

688.

for equilibrium is W1 = (b>a)W, and so it is independent of

the placement of the load W on the platform. D

F G H

c

4 W

A E

B

C

SOLUTION c

member BE in Fig. a,

3

+ ME = 0; W(x) - NB a 3b + cb = 0

4

Wx

NB =

3

a 3b + c b

4

Wx

+ c Fy = 0; FEF + - W = 0

3

a 3b + c b

4

x

FEF = W 1 -

3

3b + c

4

Using the result of NB and applying the moment equation of equilibrium about

point A on the free-body diagram in Fig. b, we obtain

Wx 1

+ MA = 0; FCD (c) - a cb = 0

3 4

3b + c

4

Wx

NCD =

12b + 3c

Writing the moment equation of equilibrium about point G on the free-body

diagram in Fig. c, we have

Wx x

+ MG = 0; (4b) + W 1 - (b) - W1(a) = 0

12b + 3c 3

3b + c

4

b

W1 = W Ans.

a

This result shows that the required weight W1 of the counterweight is independent

of the position x of the load on the platform.

689.

the largest mass that can be supported by the derrick if B

the maximum force that can be sustained by the pin at A

is 18 kN.

C

5m

SOLUTION

AB is a two-force member.

D

Pin B 60

A

Require FAB = 18 kN

W

+ c Fy = 0; 18 sin 60 - sin 60 - W = 0

2

W = 10.878 kN

10.878

m = = 1.11 Mg Ans.

9.81

690.

200 N

exert on the smooth cable C if 200-N forces are applied to

the handles. The jaws are pinned at E and A, and D and B. 400 mm

There is also a pin at F.

20

A 20 mm

J

E

20

C

F 20

D B

SOLUTION 30 mm 80 mm

20 mm

Free Body Diagram: The solution for this problem will be simplified if one realizes

that member ED is a two force member. 400 mm

20

+ F = 0;

: Ax = 0

x

200 N

From (a), 20

20

Ay = 10790 N

a + ME = 0; 107901802 - FC 1302 = 0

691.

B and supported by rockers at A and C.

There is a hinge (pin) at D. Determine

the reactions at the supports.

Units Used:

3

kN 10 N

Given:

F1 7 kN a 4m

F2 6 kN b 2m

F3 16 kN c 3m

T 60 deg

Solution:

Member DC :

6MD = 0; F 1 sin T ( a c) Cy a 0

ac

Cy F 1 sin T Cy 1.52 kN Ans.

a

6F y = 0; Dy F 1 sin T Cy 0

Dy F1 sin T Cy Dy 4.55 kN

Dx F 1 cos T 0

6F x = 0;

Dx F1 cos T Dx 3.5 kN

Member ABD :

F 3 a F2( 2a b) Dy ( 3a b)

By By 23.5 kN Ans.

2a

Ay F 3 B y F2 Dy 0

6F y = 0;

Ay Dy F3 By F 2 Ay 3.09 kN Ans.

6F x = 0; B x F1 cos T 0

692.

The scissors lift consists of two sets of cross members and 0.8 m

1.2 m 2m

two hydraulic cylinders, DE, symmetrically located on

each side of the platform. The platform has a uniform mass

G2

of 60 kg, with a center of gravity at G1. The load of 85 kg,

with center of gravity at G2, is centrally located between

each side of the platform. Determine the force in each of G1

the hydraulic cylinders for equilibrium. Rollers are located A B

at B and D. 1m

C

1m

SOLUTION F D E

Free Body Diagram: The solution for this problem will be simplified if one realizes 1.5 m 1.5 m

that the hydraulic cyclinder DE is a two force member.

2NB = 614.76 N

+ F = 0;

: Ax = 0

x

2Ay = 807.69 N

Cx = 1066.84 N Cy = 96.465 N

+ F = 0;

: 211066.842 - 2FDE = 0

x

693.

their centers by an elastic cord that has a stiffness of

k = 2 kN>m. Determine the stretch of the cord when the

system is in equilibrium, and the angle u of the cord.

r

l

A

r

5 3 B

4

SOLUTION

Entire system:

+ F = 0; 3

: x NB - NA a b = 0

5

4

+ c Fy = 0; NA a b - 2 (196.2) = 0

5

Solving,

NA = 490.5 N

NB = 294.3 N

Disk B:

+ F = 0;

: - T cos 33.69 + 294.3 = 0

x

T = 353.70 N

6107. A man

694. man having

havinga aweight

weight of of

175875

lb attempts

N ( 87.5to hold

kg)

himself

attemptsusing one ofhimself

to hold the twousing

methods

one shown.

of theDetermine

two methodsthe

total

shown.force he mustthe

Determine exert

totalonforce

bar he

ABmust

in each

exertcase

on and

bar

the

AB normal

in eachreaction

case andhethe exerts

normalon the platform

reaction at C. Neglect

he exerts on the A B

the weightatof

platform C.the platform.

Neglect the weight of the platform. A B

C C

(a) (b)

(a)

Bar:

437.5 N 437.5 N

+Fy = 0; 2(F/2) 2(437.5) = 0

F = 875 N Ans.

Man:

875 N

437.5 N 437.5 N

+Fy = 0; NC 875 2(437.5) = 0

NC = 1750 N Ans.

(b)

Bar:

218.75 N 218.75 N

F = 437.5 N Ans.

Man:

875 N

218.75 N 218.75 N

NC = 437.5 N Ans.

695.

6108. A man

man having

havinga aweight of of

weight 175875

lb attempts

N ( 87.5to hold

kg)

himself

attemptsusing one ofhimself

to hold the twousing

methods

one shown.

of theDetermine

two methodsthe

total

shown. force he mustthe

Determine exert

totalon barhe

force AB in each

must exert case and

on bar ABthe

in

normal

each casereaction

and thehenormal

exerts reaction

on the platform at on

he exerts C.The

the platform A B

has

at C.a The

weight of 30 lb.

platform has a weight of 150 N ( 15 kg). A B

C C

(a) (b)

512.5 N 512.5 N

512.5 N 512.5 N

150 N

875 N

(a)

Bar:

875 N

512.5 N 512.5 N

F = 1025 N Ans.

Man:

NC = 1900 N Ans.

(b)

Bar:

512.5 N

Man:

256.25 N 256.25 N

NC = 362.5 N Ans.

875 N

256.25 N 256.25 N

696.

The double link grip is used to lift the beam. If the beam 8 kN

weighs 8 kN, determine the horizontal and vertical

components of force acting on the pin at A and the 160 mm 160 mm

horizontal and vertical components of force that the flange

of the beam exerts on the jaw at B.

D

45

E C

SOLUTION A

140 mm

Free Body Diagram: The solution for this problem will be simplified if one realizes 300 mm

that members ED and CD are two force members.

F B

Equations of Equilibrium: Using method of joint, [FBD (a)], 300 mm 300 mm

+ c Fy = 0; 8 - 2F sin 45 = 0 F = 5.657 kN

Bx = 8.00 kN Ans.

Ay = 0 Ans. 5.657 kN

+ F = 0;

: 8.00 + 5.657 cos 45 - Ax = 0

x 140 mm

300 mm

300 mm

8

300 mm 300 mm

697.

Operation of exhaust and intake valves in an automobile engine consists of the cam C, push rod

DE, rocker arm EFG which is pinned at F, and a spring and valve, V. If the spring is

compressed a distance G when the valve is open as shown, determine the normal force acting on

the cam lobe at C. Assume the cam and bearings at H, I, and J are smooth.The spring has a

stiffness k.

Given:

a 25 mm

b 40 mm

G 20 mm

N

k 300

m

Solution:

Fs kG Fs 6N

6F y = 0;

F G F s 0

FG Fs FG 6N

6MF = 0;

FG b T a 0

b

T FG T 9.60 N Ans.

a

698.

Determine the horizontal and vertical components of force that the pins at A, B, and C exert on their

connecting members.

Units Used:

3

kN 10 N

Given:

F 9 00N

a 0.9 m

r 50mm

b 0.2m

Solution:

F ( a r) Ax b = 0

ar

Ax F Ax 4.28 kN Ans.

b

Ax Bx = 0

Bx Ax Bx 4.28 kN Ans.

F r Ay b Ax b = 0

F r Ax b

Ay Ay 4.05 kN Ans.

b

Ay By F = 0

By Ay F By 3.15 kN Ans.

Ax F Cx = 0

Cx Ax F Cx 3.38 kN Ans.

Ay Cy = 0

Cy Ay Cy 4.05 kN Ans.

699.

amount of force F that must be applied to the handle of the

toggle clamp.

70 mm

235 mm

30 mm

30 275 mm

C B

D E

30 mm

30

A

SOLUTION

Equations of Equilibrium: First, we will consider the free-body diagram of the clamp in

Fig. a. Writing the moment equation of equilibrium about point D,

a + MD = 0; Cx (60) - 300(235) = 0

Cx = 1175 N

Subsequently, the free - body diagram of the handle in Fig. b will be considered.

a + MC = 0; FBE cos 30(70) - FBE sin 30(30) - F cos 30(275 cos 30 + 70)

-F sin 30(275 sin 30) = 0

45.62FBE - 335.62F = 0 (1)

+ F = 0;

: 1175 + F sin 30 - FBE sin 30 = 0

x

FBE = 2719.69N

6100.

clamp, determine the resulting clamping force at A.

70 mm

235 mm

30 mm

30 275 mm

C B

D E

30 mm

30

A

SOLUTION

Equations of Equilibrium: First, we will consider the free-body diagram of the handle

in Fig. a.

a + MC = 0; FBE cos 30(70) - FBE sin 30(30) - 350 cos 30(275 cos 30 + 70)

-350 sin 30(275 sin 30) = 0

FBE = 2574.81 N

+ F = 0;

: Cx - 2574.81 sin 30 + 350 sin 30 = 0

x

Cx = 1112.41 N

Using the result of Cx and writing the moment equation of equilibrium about

point D,

a + MD = 0; 1112.41(60)- NA (235) = 0

NA = 284.01 N = 284 N Ans.

6 101.

The skid steer loader has a mass M1, and in the position shown the center of mass is at G1. If

there is a stone of mass M2 in the bucket, with center of mass at G2 determine the reactions

of each pair of wheels A and B on the ground and the force in the hydraulic cylinder CD and

at the pin E. There is a similar linkage on each side of the loader.

Units Used:

3

Mg 10 kg

3

kN 10 N

Given:

M1 1.18 Mg

M2 300 kg

a 1.25 m d 0.15 m

b 1.5 m e 0.5 m

c 0.75 m T 30 deg

6MA = 0; M2 g b M1 g( c d) NB c 0

M1 g( c d) M2 g b

NB NB 3.37 kN (Both wheels) Ans.

c

6F y = 0; NB M2 g M1 g NA 0

Upper member:

6ME = 0; M2 g( a b) 2 F CD sin T a 0

M 2 g( a b)

F CD F CD 6.5 kN Ans.

2 sin T a

6F x = 0; Ex F CD cos T Ex 5607 N

M2 g

6F y = 0; Ey FCD sin T 0

2

M2 g

Ey F CD sin T Ey 1766 N

2

2 2

FR Ex Ey FR 5.879 kN Ans.

6102.

the bucket which has a center of mass at G. Determine the

force in each hydraulic cylinder AB and CD and the G A B

resultant force at pins E and F. The load is supported 0.25 m

equally on each side of the tractor by a similar mechanism. E C

1.5 m

0.3 m

0.1 m

SOLUTION 0.2 m 1.25 m

a + ME = 0; 294310.12 - FAB10.252 = 0

F

FAB = 1177.2 N = 1.18 kN Ans.

+ F = 0;

: - Ex + 1177.2 = 0; Ex = 1177.2 N

0.6 m

x

D

+ c Fy = 0; Ey - 2943 = 0; Ey = 2943 N

0.4 m 0.3 m

FE = 211177.222 + 1294322 = 3.17 kN Ans.

2943 N

FCD = 19 618 N = 19.6 kN Ans.

+ F = 0;

: Fx - 19 618 sin 12.2 = 0

x

Fx = 4145.8 N

Fy = 16 232 N

2943 N

FF = 214145.822 + 116 23222 = 16.8 kN Ans.

.

The nail cutter consists of the handle and the two cutting blades. Assuming the blades are pin

connected at B and the surface at D is smooth, determine the normal force on the fingernail

when a force ) is applied to the handles as shown.The pin AC slides through a smooth hole at

A and is attached to the bottom member at C.

*LYHQ

) 51

D 6PP

E 36PP

6ROXWLRQ

Handle :

6MD = 0; ) $ D ) E = 0

E

)$ ) )$ 30 1

D

6Fy = 0; 1' ) $ ) = 0

1' )$ ) 1' 35 1

Top blade :

6MB = 0; 1' E )1 ( 2D E) = 0

E

) 1 1' )1 26.25 1 Ans.

2 D E

6104.

the hydraulic cylinders EF and

AD in order to hold the shovel

in equilibrium. The shovel load

has a mass W and a center of

gravity at G. All joints are pin

connected.

Units Used:

3

Mg 10 kg

3

kN 10 N

Given:

a 0.25 m T 1 30 deg

b 0.25 m T 2 10 deg

c 1.5 m T3 60 deg

d 2m W 1.25 Mg

e 0.5 m

Solution:

Assembly FHG :

e F

F EF Wg c sin T EF (T)

8.175 kN

1 Ans.

Assembly CEFHG:

6MC = 0; F AD cos T 1 T 2 b W g( a b c)cos T 2 e

0

F AD Wg

cos T 1 T 2 b

6105.

mass M. Determine the force in

member DB and in the hydraulic

cylinder H of member FB.

Units Used:

3

kN 10 N

Given:

M 125 kg d 1m

a 1m e 1m

b 2m f 2m

m

c 2m g 9.81

2

s

Solution:

Member GFE:

cd

6ME = 0; F FB b M g ( a b) 0

2 2

( c d) ( b e)

a b ( c d) 2 ( b e) 2

F FB Mg

b( c d)

F FB 1.94 kN Ans.

be

6F x = 0; E x FFB 0

2 2

( c d) ( b e)

be

Ex F FB

2 2

( c d) ( b e)

Member EDC:

60c = 0;

E x( c d) F DB

e d 0

2 2

e d

c d e2 d2

F DB Ex F DB 2.601 kN Ans.

ed

6106. If P = 75 N, determine the force F that the toggle 85 mm

140 mm

clamp exerts on the wooden block. P

140 mm

A

50 mm

D

B

50 mm C

20 mm

E F P

6107. If the wooden block exerts a force of F = 600 N 85 mm

140 mm

on the toggle clamp, determine the force P applied to the P

handle. 140 mm

A

50 mm

D

B

50 mm C

20 mm

E F P

6108.

The pillar crane is subjected to the load having a mass M. Determine the force developed in the

tie rod AB and the horizontal and vertical reactions at the pin support C when the boom is tied

in the position shown.

Units Used:

3

kN 10 N

Given:

M 500 kg

a 1.8 m

b 2.4 m

T1 10 deg

T2 20 deg

m

g 9.81

2

s

Solution:

initial guesses: F CB 10 kN F AB 10 kN

Given

M

b

g cos T 1 F AB cos T 2 FCB 0

2 2 2

a b

M

a

g sin T 1 FAB sin T 2 FCB Mg 0

2 2 2

a b

FAB 9.7

FAB Cx FCB b 11.53 kN

FCB

Find FAB FCB Cy 2a

Cx

Ans.

2

a b C 8.65

y

6109.

The symmetric coil tong supports the coil which has a mass

of 800 kg and center of mass at G. Determine the horizontal

and vertical components of force the linkage exerts on H

plate DEIJH at points D and E. The coil exerts only vertical

reactions at K and L. 300 mm D J

E I

400 mm

C

45 30 30

SOLUTION 100 mm

B

A 45

F

Free-Body Diagram: The solution for this problem will be simplified if one realizes 50 mm

100 mm

that links BD and CF are two-force members.

FBD = 1387.34 N

+ F = 0;

: A x - 1387.34 cos 45 = 0 A x = 981 N

x

A y = 4905 N

FCF = 6702.66 N

+ F = 0;

: Ex - 981 - 6702.66 cos 30 = 0

x

At point D,

6110. A 300-kg counterweight, with center of mass at G, is 1.75 m 2.50 m

mounted on the pitman crank AB of the oil-pumping unit.

If a force of F = 5 kN is to be developed in the fixed cable

attached to the end of the walking beam DEF, determine

D F

the torque M that must be supplied by the motor. E

30 B

M 30

G

A

0.5 m F

0.65 m

6111. A 300-kg counterweight, with center of mass at G, is 1.75 m 2.50 m

mounted on the pitman crank AB of the oil-pumping unit.

If the motor supplies a torque of M = 2500 N # m, determine

the force F developed in the fixed cable attached to the end

D F

of the walking beam DEF. E

30 B

M 30

G

A

0.5 m F

0.65 m

6112.

.

6113. Determine the horizontal and vertical components 1.5

300kN

lb

of reaction which the pins exert on member AB of the frame.

60

A B

1.2

4 ftm

D C

0.9

3 ftm 0.9

3 ftm

500kN

2.5 lb

Member AB :

4

+ MA = 0;

5

FBD = 0.8119 kN

1.5 kN

Thus,

3

Bx = (0.8119) = 0.4871 kN Ans.

5

4

By = (0.8119) = 0.6495 kN Ans.

5

+ 3

Fx = 0; 1.5 cos 60 + (0.8119) + Ax = 0

5

Ax = 0.2629 kN Ans. 0.9 m 0.9 m

4

+Fy = 0; Ay 1.5 sin 60 + (0.8119) = 0

5

Ay = 0.6495 kN Ans.

6114. Determine the horizontal and vertical components of 1.5

300kN

lb

reaction which the pins exert on member EDC of the frame.

60

A B

1.2

4 ftm

D C

0.9

3 ftm 0.9

3 ftm

500kN

2.5 lb

1.5 kN

Member AB :

4

+ MA = 0;

5

FBD = 0.8119 kN

0.9 m 0.9 m

Member EDC :

4

+ Mg = 0;

5

4

+ FAD (0.9) = 0 FBD = 0.8119 kN

5

FAD = 7.0619 kN

+ 3 3

Fx = 0; Ex 0.8119 7.0619 = 0

5 5

Ex = 4.7243 kN Ans. 0.9 m 0.9 m

4 4 2.5 kN

+Fy = 0; Ey + 7.0619 0.8119 2.5 = 0

5 5

Ey = 2.5 kN Ans.

+ 3 3

Fx = 0; Dx (0.8119) (7.0619) = 0

5 5

Dx = 4.7243 kN Ans.

4 4

+Fy = 0; Dy (0.8119) + (7.0619) = 0

5 5

Dy = 5 kN Ans.

6115.

The handle of the sector press is fixed to gear G, which in turn is in mesh with the sector gear

C. Note that AB is pinned at its ends to gear C and the underside of the table EF, which is

allowed to move vertically due to the smooth guides at E and F. If the gears exert tangential

forces between them, determine the compressive force developed on the cylinder S when a

vertical force F is applied to the handle of the press.

Given:

F 40 N

a 0.5 m

b 0.2 m

c 1.2 m

d 0.35 m

e 0.65 m

Solution:

Member GD:

6MG = 0; F a F CG b 0

a

F CG F F CG 100 N

b

Sector gear :

c

0

2 2

c d

c2 d2

F AB FCG ( d e) F 297.62 N

c d AB

Table:

F AB

c

6F y = 0;

2 2 Fs 0

c d

2 2

c d

6116.

is supported by a cable AB and roller at C and fits through

a smooth circular hole at D. Member ED is supported by a B

roller at D and a pole that fits in a smooth snug circular hole

at E. Determine the x, y, z components of reaction at E and

the tension in cable AB. E

0.8 m

SOLUTION

D

4

My = 0; - FAB (0.6) + 2.5(0.3) = 0 C

5 x 0.5 m y

0.3 m

A

FAB = 1.5625 = 1.56 kN Ans.

Ans. 0.4 m

0.3 m

4 { 2.5 } kN

Fz = 0; (1.5625) - 2.5 + Dz = 0

5

Dz = 1.25 kN

Fy = 0; Dy = 0

3

Fx = 0; Dx + Cx - (1.5625) = 0 (1)

5

4

Mx = 0; MDx + (1.5625)(0.4) - 2.5(0.4) = 0

5

MDx = 0.5 kN # m

3

Mz = 0; MDz + (1.5625)(0.4) - Cx (0.4) = 0 (2)

5

Fz = 0; Dz = 1.25 kN

My = 0; MEy = 0 Ans.

Fy = 0; Ey = 0 Ans.

Cx = 0.938 kN

MDz = 0

Dx = 0

6117.

The four-member "A" frame is supported at A and E by smooth collars and at G by a pin. All

the other joints are ball-and-sockets. If the pin at G will fail when the resultant force there is

F max, determine the largest vertical force P that can be supported by the frame. Also, what

are the x, y, z force components which member BD exerts on members EDC and ABC? The

collars at A and E and the pon at G only exert force components on the frame.

Given:

F max 800 N

a 300 mm

b 600 mm

c 600 mm

Solution:

6Mx = 0;

b

P 2 c Fmax c 0

2 2

b c

F max b

P P 282.843 N Ans.

2 2

2 b c

c

B z Dz Fmax 0 Dz Bz

2 2

b c

F max c

Bz Dz Bz Bz 283 N Ans.

2 2

2 b c

Dz 283 N Ans.

b

B y Dy Fmax 0 Dy By

2 2

b c

F max b

By Dy By By 283 N Dy 283 N Ans.

2 2

2 b c

Bx Dx 0 Ans.

6 118.

at A and smooth collar at B. Member CD is supported by a pin at C. Determine the x, y, z

components of reaction at A and C.

Given:

a 2m M 800 N m

b 1.5 m F 250 N

c 3m T1 60 deg

d 4m T2 45 deg

T3 60 deg

Solution:

Guesses

Bx 1N By 1N

Ax 1N Ay 1N Az 1N

Cx 1N Cy 1N Cz 1N

MBx 1 N m MBy 1 N m

MCy 1 N m MCz 1 N m

Given

Ax Bx

Ay By 0

A

z 0

c Bx M MBx

a u B 0 M

y By

0

0 0 0 0

cos T 1 Bx Cx

F cos T 2 B y Cy 0

cos T 3 0 Cz

0 1 0 Bx MBx 0

cos T

0 u F cos T 0 u B M MCy

2

y By

0

b d cos T 3 b 0 0 MCz

Ax

Ay

Az

C

x

Cy

Cz

Find Ax Ay Az Cx Cy Cz Bx B y MBx MBy MCy MCz

Bx

B

y

MBx

MBy

M

Cy

MCz

Ax

172.3

Ay

A 114.8

z 0 MCy 429

Cx N MCz N m Ans.

47.3 0

Cy 61.9

125

Cz

.

.

6120.

if the members are in tension or compression.

4 kN

B C D

3 kN

1.5 m

SOLUTION A

F E

a + MA = 0; - 3(1.5) - 4(2) - 10(4) + Ey (4) = 0

2m 2m

Ey = 13.125 kN

+ c Fy = 0; Ay - 8 - 4 - 10 + 13.125 = 0

Ay = 8.875 kN

+ c Fx = 0; Ax = 3 kN

Joint B:

+ F = 0;

: FBC = 3 kN (C) Ans.

x

Joint A:

3

+ c Fy = 0; 8.875 - 8 - F = 0

5 AC

+ F = 0; 4

: x FAF - 3 - (1.458) = 0

5

Joint C:

+ F = 0; 4

: x 3 + (1.458) - FCD = 0

5

3

+ c Fy = 0; FCF - 4 + (1.458) = 0

5

Joint E:

+ F = 0;

: FEF = 0 Ans.

x

Joint D:

3

+ c Fy = 0; 13.125 - 10 - F = 0

5 DF

+ F = 0; 4

: x 4.167 - (5.21) = 0 Check!

5

6121.

at pins A and C of the two-member frame.

A B

3m

3m

SOLUTION

Member AB:

C

By = 500 N

600 N/m

Member BC: 400 N/m

Bx = 1400 N

+ c Fy = 0; Ay - 750 + 500 = 0

Ay = 250 N Ans.

Member AB:

+ F = 0;

: - Ax + 1400 = 0

x

Member BC:

+ F = 0;

: Cx + 900 - 1400 = 0

x

Cx = 500 N Ans.

+ c Fy = 0; - 500 - 1200 + Cy = 0

6122. The clamping hooks are used to lift the uniform P

smooth 500-kg plate. Determine the resultant compressive

force that the hook exerts on the plate at A and B, and the

P P

pin reaction at C. 80 mm

150 mm

.

6123.

the mass m of each uniform link if the angle u = 20 for

equilibrium. B 0.6 m

A

u

k 400 N/ m C

u

SOLUTION

y D

= sin 20

2(0.6) E

y = 1.2 sin 20

Ex = 1.37374(mg)

mg = 37.860

6124.

that the pins A and B exert on the two-member frame. Set F

F = 0.

C

1.5 m

1m

SOLUTION

B

CB is a two-force member.

60

A

Member AC: 400 N/ m

FCB = 310.6

Thus,

1

Bx = By = 310.6 a b = 220 N Ans.

22

+ F = 0;

: - Ax + 600 sin 60 - 310.6 cos 45 = 0

x

Ax = 300 N Ans.

Ay = 80.4 N Ans.

6125.

that pins A and B exert on the two-member frame. Set F

F = 500 N.

C

1.5 m

1m

B

SOLUTION 60

A

Member AC: 400 N/ m

Member CB:

Solving,

Cx = 402.6 N

Cy = 97.4 N

Member AC:

+ F = 0;

: - Ax + 600 sin 60 - 402.6 = 0

x

Ax = 117 N Ans.

Ay = 397 N Ans.

Member CB:

+ F = 0;

: 402.6 - 500 + Bx = 0

x

Bx = 97.4 N Ans.

+ c Fy = 0; - By + 97.4 = 0

By = 97.4 N Ans.

.

.

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