he new Freyssinet C Range post-tensioning system

has been developed

as an answer to modern civil eng,ineering requ irements. The prime characteristic

of the C range is compactness.

The C range is the outcome

of more than fifty years

of experience

in post-tensioning systems.

Tendon sizes ranging from 3 to 55 15 mm diameter strands

are available.

This guide provides information and data to help designers

and users to prepare and carry out projects post-tensioned with the Freyssinet C multistrand system. However, changes may be made to the information contained

in this brochure at any time

as new techniques

and/or materials are developed. Users are invited to check

that their copy is up to date

and thot no substantial changes have been made to the specified products.

Further information

can be obtained from your local Freyssinet Agent.

There is a large amount

of other detailed technical literature - such as specific data sheets, special applications for 13 mm diameter strand, or smaller units - which may be made available.

The C Range Post-tensioning System

Features

The C range multistrand system possesses the following main features and characteristics:

• Versatility

The system is designed for a large range of applications with the some type of anchorages:

• use of all internationally available sizes and grades of 15 mm strands, including galvanized and unbonded strand;

• application to internal and external prestressing:

- bonded,

- removable,

- removable and adjustable,

- removable, adjustable and detensionable.

• Compactness

Very compact anchoroges diffuse better the prestressing forces into the concrete, allowing for a more efficient design by:

• reducing web thicknesses in beams and box girders, blisters and ribs;

• allowing for a concentration of anchorages at the end zones;

• a reduction of the dimensions of prestressing anchor blocks, with minimum strand deviations.

• Lightweight iacking equipment

The lightweight compact and automatic C jacks allow for:

• a reduction of the prestressing anchorage recesses thanks. to the compact jack noses;

• reduced distances to walls leading to the reduction of the pcrositic moments and therefore of the required reinforcement, enabling an easier placing of concrete i

• improving the site conditions, such as handling and stressing.

Groutin9 e~~iRment and oux:illorfes (page 20J

Active anchorages for external prestressing (page 6)

1:5.(:;r----' Slressi ng MUlpment

(pages 17,1 Sf 19)

Couplers (pages 9,10,111

Sheaths and duds [page 4)

Prestressina steel and tendons Ipage3)

The campane.nts

2

The C Range Post-tensioning System

Prestressing steel

The table below gives the rnein characteristics of the mest eommen strands which may be used: with the C range:

Nominal. Nominal Nominal Nomi'nal Minimum Pr.oof Ma.l!<imlJrtl initial force'
Sfandard tensile diomeler steel mass breaking skess Frenc:hc0de AASHJO'~6
sfrength , OFeO slnmalh atO.l% Eurocode 2 BPEL'91 C0de
N/mrTI1 mm mtnt ~g!m kN kN
prENlO138·3 1 770 16 150 1170 265 228 191.25 205.2 185.5 (41 700 Ibfl
1860 16 150 1170 279 240 201.45 216 195.3 (43. 9031bl]
BS 1770 15.7 150 1180 265 225 191.25 202.5 185.5 (41 700 Ibf]
58961980 1 820" 15.2 165 I 295 300 255 216.75 229.5 210 (472081bfl
ASTM 1860 15.2.4 lAD 1 102 26D.7 234 .. 6 195.50 208.5 182.5
A41H6a 1270 kpsil (0 .. 6 in] (0.217 ini) IO.74IbIH) 1586001bl) 1527401bl) (439501611 (46 870 Ib~ (41026Ibf) k The maximum initial force is

- lhe prestressin,g force otter lronsler lrorn the jock 10 the lendon oher:

• Eorocode 2 Ithe smaller of 0.75 rplk and 0.85 [pOlk'l,

• MSHTO cede 10 TfF,o lKI. - the stressing force alter:

• French coda BPEI. (the smaller of- 0 B fpl~ and 0 9 fpO.1 kL

- the characteristic elongation at maximum load lor all snonds is > 3.5 %.

- the maximum relaxation at 1 000 hours LInder 0.7 pk for 011 S110I1d~ -c 2.5 %.

• * Drawn strond.

C R:ange Tendon Schedul·e·

Tendon Type of stra nd
~i:z:e pr EN Clnd BS' pr EN1 0138·3 B55896-80 ASTM A·416-96
1770 grode 1 B6e grade 1 8·20 9r~deJ drawn strQnd 0.6/1 270 grage
number steel steel steel steel
of Cireti mass' IJTS area mass WTS drea mess urs area mass UTS
strands, mm2 kfl/m kN mm.:l k.a/m kN mm' kg/m kN mml kg 1m kN
3 450 3.54 795 450 3.54 '837 49.9, 3..89 9cIO 420 3.306 782
4 600 4.72 1060 600 4.72 1 116 660 5.18 1 200 560 4.41 1 043
T 1 050 6.26 1855 1050 8.26 1 953 1 156 9.07 2100 980 7.71 1825
9 1350 10.62 2385 1 350 10.62 2511 1485 11.66 2700 1 260 9.92 2346
12 1 800 1·4.16 3·1:80 1800 14 .. 16 3348 1 980 15.54 3600 1 680 13.22 3128
13 1 950 15.34 3445 1950 15.34 3627 2145 16.84 3900 1 820 14.33 3389
19 2 B50 22.42 5.035 2850 22A~ 53Q1 3135 24.61 S7QO 2660 20.94 4953
22 3300 25.96 5830 3300 25.96 6138 3630 28.49 6600 3080 24.24 5735
25 3750 29.5 66,25 3750 29.5 6975 4 12.5 32.sB 7500 3500 27.0'5 651 B
27 4050 31.86 7155 4050 31.86 7533 .4 455 34.97 8100 3780 29.75 7039
31 A 6;50 36.SB 8215 46'50 36 .. 58 8649 5115 40.15 9300 4340 34.16 8082
37 5550 43.66 9805 5550 43.66 10323 6105 47.91 11 100 5180 40.77 9646
.55 B250 64.9 14.575 8.250 64i~ 15345 9'Q75 71.23 16500 77QO 60..61 14339 *MOSS9. given correspond to BS 589{-..80. For prEN multiply by 0.991 •

.... I------------~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~========~--------------F''''''!"''!!I'I.t

-

The C Range Post-tensioning System

3

Ducts for the C Range System

The foUowing main types of duds are usedfo·r the Freyssinet C range tendons:

• For internal prestre5s.ing

• Corrugated sheath made up of rolled sheel steel strip having a recommended minimum thickness of 0.3 mm. The recommended duct diameters are indicated for each anchorage (see page 5]. However, the applicable regulations must be checked cHainst the proposed dimensions. Generally, cement grout is used for cerrosian protection, sometimes wax or grease [i.e, in nuclear reador containmenl buildings). For certain applications, golvonised steel strip is used.

• Plastic conugated Plyducf'l sheath, recently developed and palented by Freyssinet to comply withinternotionall standards such as fib and British TR47. It is perfectly air and watertight.

• None, with the patented Ductless Freyssinet system using individually sheathed and greased strands directly embedded in the concrete (see page 6].

Radius ·01 Icurvature

The radius of curvature of the duct shal'l be at least eq,ual to: - 100 0i for semi-rigid corrugated steel-strip sheaths;

- 3 m for coiloble steep-strip sheaths and rigid .5leel pipes.

Exceptionally, the radius can be reduced 10 20 0i for rigid steel

pipes as long as: .

- the s.trength of the prestressing' steel never exceeds 0.7 F prg in the tendon zone where the radius is less tnon 3 rn:

- the tendon's. total deviation angle is less than 3Ti./2 radians;

- the high curvature zone is considered as a fixed anchorage if

the deviation is greated ·than nl2 radians. .

(0 = internal diameter of the duct]

Particular case:

In case lubricated sheaths (LFC Freyssinet) ore used end/or special tight sheaths, it is possible to reduce a semi·rig.id corrugated sheath's curvature radius, while maintaining a correct transmission of the prestressing strength. The lower limit of the. curvature radius is then Rmin ~ 1 .35 'vn, n being the tendon's number of stronds,

• For external prestressing -For partially bonded systems (grouted]

- corrugated steel sheath or steel tube in the concrete zones

(diaphragms and devlctors]:

- high density polyethylene {HDPE) or steel tubes (rarely) in the zones outside the concrete. HDPE tubes are standardised in most countries, Ducting with a pressure roting of 0.63 N/ rnrn? (6.3 bar) is recommended.

• For unbanded System N°l (double ducting, grouted mosl o~en) -steel tube for the outer casing in the concrete zones;

- HOPE for the inner casing in all zones.

• For unbanded System NQ2 (sin91'e ducting, patented system using sheathed and greased strands in a duct which tsg!routed before stressing)

- steel tubes in the concrete zones;

- HDPEfor zones outsidl;l'the concrete [0.4 N/mm2 series may be used).

Radiu.5 of curvature • for the Nb 1 system

- Deviators

Minimum curvature radius of the tendon: Rmin more than the greater of the two following values:

Rmin ~ lm or Rmin;;:: 30 0 (0 = diameter ot duct)

- Anchor zone

Minimum curvature radius of the tendon: R'min at least equal to Ihe greater of the two following values:

R' min ~ 2m or R' min ~ Rmin + 1 m

• for the Nb 2 system

- individual insulated strands: Rmin ~ 1 m

- bundl.e o·f strands: Rmin 2: 2.5m

- -

, • .~ ""' ~ _ii! II' ,. ..

Corrugatec:il Plasfic Plyc:luc~ ..

Co.rrugated steel ducts.

Contact the local Freyssinel Agent for advice on the various technologies end detailing, as well as details and ovailabililyfor mcleric]s, couplings, detailing and fittings.

4

------------------====================================~====~==~------------- ....

F·Y.lin~'C

-

The C Range P05t~te..,~~~ning System

Active anchorages for the ,e range system

U.sed for:

• Interna.1 prestressing w:ith grout, grease or wax pr,otection;

• Pa.rtiaillybondedl external pres,tressing with grout prot,edion (non replaceahl'e);

• Unbondedl external prestressing, grease or wax injededl .

• Range of anchorag:es

@ 3C15*

(j~) 4C15'"

~, ~

~ '~

25(15 -<t

7(15

9C15·

12C15'"

13C15

19C15

22C15"

25C15P"

27Cl:5'"

31C15

37C15

55C1~5

·Distribution of strands in the anchorage with no central strand.

See pGlge 18 for seleding Ihe stressing tack accordingly .

guide

nC 1 5 'anch.orage

B

Size A B ( D H 0'1' 02··
3C15 150 110 120 85 50 40 45
4Cl0 15.0 120 125 95 50 45 50
7e15 180 150 186 110 55 60 65
9(15 225 185 260 150 55 65 70
12(15 240 200 165 150 65 80 85
13(15 250 210 246 160 70 80 85
19(15 300 250 256 185 80 95 100
22(15 330 275 .:130 220 90 105 110
25(15 360 300 400 230 95 110 115
25C15P 350 290 3,60 220 95 110 lIS
27(15 350 290 360 220 100 115 120
31C15 385 320 346 2'30 1:05 1.20 1.25
37(15 4.20 350 466 255 110 130 135
55(15 510 .4.20 516 300 145 160 165 All dimensions in mm .

• Thickness of sheath to be checked against applicable regula~on. ··Sheclh connection sleeve.

• and U Minimum recommended dimensions.

.... -------------==============================================----------------F'~ViulilH.".

The C Range P05t~tensioning System

5

Replaceable active R anchorages

These olnchorages hove a special guide and are used fo·r :

• Internal prestressing without duct (Patented Ductless System), with sheathed and greased strands. For replaceable tendons it is recommended to use a long:er cap with strand length as required to allow destressing the tendon (the tendon is then also adiustable). '"

• External replaceable unbonded prestressing with bare strands, generally grout iniected (External prestressing System N° 1) .

• External {replaceable or not) prestressing with sheathed and greased strnnds grouted before stressing (External prestressing System N°2). With longer cap as above, the tendon is adjustable."

Ductless System

" .

~ ~'. ..;~:.,... ':: . ".

"rnoy be also stressed with a monostrond jack.

6

-----------------===========================================~------------ .... i"'""y,a,,'n.'

The C Range Post-tensioning System

Replaceable active R anchorages

• Notes:

The main dimensions and features of the nR 15 active anchorages are the same as those of the nC 15 anchorages, except those noted below.

Primary distribution bursting reinforcement in the anchorage zones is given page 13.

Size 01" 02" 03'
3R15 50 70 63
4R15 63 82.5 75
7R15 63 82.5 90
9R15 75 82,5"· 90
12R15 90 114.3 110
13R15 90 114.3 110
19R15 110 133 125
22R15 110 139.7 125
25R15 125 152.4 140
25R15P 125 152.4 140
27R15 125 152.4 140
31R15 140 177.8 160
37R15 140 177.8 160
55R15 180 219.1 200 All dimensions In rnrn,

Minimum recommended dimensions .

• High density polyethylene (see page 4) . •• Steel tube (see poge 4) .

••• Tube before partial bell-mouthing.

Plyducl 5 he:olh

Plyduct sleeve

Electrically insulated C tendons

Contact the loccl Freyssinef agent.

ploslic or plasllc CQoleci cosl iro~9r-oul cop

• All the C range tendon types mdy be fully encapsulated by means of a continuous non conductive barrier, 10 provide an electrically insulaled system. Typical applications are structures for railway or light-rail transit systems, where stray currents may aHecttheir durability.

heel shrink sleeve or lope

.... ------------~==============================================~-----------------

IFilP.lnult

The C Range Post-tensioning System

7

Active flat F anchorages

• Range of anchorages

°0° oJ 3 F 15
0°0° ] 4 F 15
°0°0° 1 5 F 15 Aol sleeve

grout inlets (0 is optional)

Size A B C Gl' G2·
3F15 190 85 163 58·' 20"
4F15 230 90 163 75 20
5F15 270 95 163 90 20 I ..

A

All dimensions in mm .

• Flat duct dimensions .

•• 75 x 20 Rat dud may be directly connected .

• Notes:

• The F anchorages are designed for a minimum concrete strength fcmin == 30 N/ rnm' (cylinder strength).

• The preferred method of tendon installation is by threading the strands in the ducts (flat shope) before concreting. However, jf required, it is 0150 possible to thread the strands after concrete hordeninq, in that case, please, contact the local Freyssinet Agent.

• The Ductless Sys~em (see page 6) may be used with the F anchorages.

• Primary distribution bursting reinforcement is shown on page 14.

------------------~============================================~------------- .... F'~J'!-~1

8

The C Range Post-tensioning System

Multistrand CC Couplers

Couplers are used when a! continuous structure is built in several phases by extending tendons which have been al'read'y instaUed, stressed and grouted in a previous section. They are generaUy used for inlernalprestressin.g.

CC type couplers consist of an active' C anchorag;e [see page 5) in which is, interposed, between the guide and the anchor,age block, an indented ring. The secondary tendon is anchored by means of 11 SD type swaged grips. The entire assembly is protected by a cap fixed etene end to the guid,e, and seated with a flexible gOisket. The other end is fitted with a trumpet for connection to the duct of the second phase tendon.

S.econdarytendDn

P'rimcl'l"Y tendon.

E

"

4 <;l

.• (lCl 5~nc.hor(Jge

Size E L N\x:N' ~p 0G
3(C15 8 740 184>: 184 174 40
4C(I.5 8 775 194x 194 1.84 45
7(C15 10 780 210x210 200 60
9((15 10 725 296 x 296 2·48 ·80
12((15 10 725 296 x 296 248 60
13((15 10 1000 270 x 270 250 SO
19((15 10 800 320 x 320 305 95
nCC15 5 900 360.-:360 330 110
25C(15 5 900 360x 360 330 110
25CC15P 5 900 360 >:360 330 110
27((15 5 900 360 x 360 330 110
3lCC15 5 1 180 36Q x '360 400 120 Dimensions in mm .

• Dimensions of the Aexible joint.

The C Range Post-tensioning System

9

Monostran,d couplers

• Tens,ioned, 't,endon coupling'

These couplers permit the coupling of the second stage tendon to the fir.st stage using rnonostrond, machined or cast iron, couplers with automatic locking produced by two inverted jaws and a central spring. The First stage anchorage is a ne 15 one [see page 5 for details).

The monostrand couplers are staggered, providing for a very compact configuration.

X

.3

Xl

• N!o,n-tensioned tendon coupling!

These connecting devices mak-e it possible to couple two non-tensioned tendons end to end.

Their configuration is similar fothat of the monostrond couplers, except that there is no first stage anchorage. The casing is longer

to allow for the displacement of the couplers when the tendon is tensioned. .

sheath

0PCI

cQupiel's

N

leak proof joint r:

-------------------=================================================~------------ .... "FnryPlf;;;

--

M

·srress'

X2
sheafh 0PR couplers I~ )(, V-xV
fe". D r /~--...,._, lIlj_I
III I 6- :a. I ~ I J. _l
- ~ - I I - - = -
l-r- 1 ~ - -
- ~ J- I -L
~ - - _.
--L _ - ._
- r- -L ,
I .J
Te[;lk pr.ooF iail'lt~
rnll end ~
N+U
M+.U U ~ displacement of monoslrcnd couplers

• Notes:

., The steel casings shown above may be replaced by high density polyethylene (HDPE) ones .. In that case, the dimensions chang,e. Contact the local Preyssinet Agent for details ..

10

The C Range Po~t-tensioning System

Mono·.s .. tra< nd 'e' -. -, -. olers

_ _ . oupes

I AI.I types
Tendon D M N PCI PR XI X2 X3 Y
3[15 40 1 050 1000 102 102 250 500 750 130
4(15 45 1050 1000 127 108 2:50 500 750 140
7(15 i 60 1050 1000 127 114 250 500 750 150
I 9(15 65 1 100 1050 180 159 300 550 800 200
12C15 80 1 150 1 100 193 159 300 550 800 200
13(15 ao 1200 1 150 2Q3 t68 300 650 800 200
19(15 95 1200 1 150 219 194 300 550 800 230
22(15 105 1 250 1 :200 Z67 203 3$0 600 800 230 Tensionedl
Tendon 0 M N PCI PR X, X2 Xs V
25C15P 110 1 300 1250 267 - 350 600 850 -
27(15 I 115 1300 1 JOD 267 - 350 600 850 -
31(15 120 1350 1 350 273 - 400 650 900 - Non, tensioned
Tendon D M N PCI PR Xl Xz Xa V
25(15 110 1 250 1 200 - 219 350 600 850 250
27(15 115 1300 1250 - 212 35B 600 850 250
31(15 120 I 350 1 300 - 244 400 650 900 280 Dimensions in mm.

00

3(15

ffi

4C15

@

7eU;

9C]5

12C15

13(15

27tH 31c1:5

Confi,9uration

of monostrand couplers

11

The C Range PosHensioning System _

Dead end anchorages

Nand G dead end anchorages are embedded in the concrete. The tendons are therefore installed before concreting.

• N dead end anchorage

In the N type anchorages the end of each strand is Fitted with a swaged grip which bears on a steel plate.

• G type dead end anchorage

The G type anchorage is Q bonded anchorage. The end of each strand is pre-formed into an ovoid shaped swelling.

N G
rNZ 0T
WI W2 W1 W2
s
3 300 300 950 450 G 1/2"
.4 350 350 950 500 G 1/2/1
7 500 400 950 550 G 1/2"
9 600 400 950 550 G 1/2"
12 900 500 1 300 650 G 1/211
13 1200 500 1300 650 G 1/2/1
19 1500 650 1 300 800 G 1/1
22 1800 750 1 500 1 000 G 1"
25 2 000 850 1500 1000 Gl/1
27 2 000 1000 1 700 1 250 G 1"
31 2200 1100 1700 1250 G I"
37 2500 1 280 2000 1250 G 1,1/2"
55 2800 1400 2500 1250 G 1,1/2" All dimensions in mm. -

• For helical bursting reinforcement see page 13 (active anchorages).

strqnd spacer grid

dBliiotor

burstIng reinforcement

T

1t sheath

WIorW2

Type lor 2

deviotor

I~.

WlorW2

..

Type lor 2

r110
[j ~Ig
~ ~~
~ ~
~ ~
[iJ iii
~ ~
no
~ ~
~ [jl ~
00 [jJ [iJ
~I ~ ~ Type 1

~

Spacer grids

12

----------------~===========================================------------ .... F ....... ln.l

The C Range Postwtensioning System

Bursting reinforcement for active C & R anchorages

• Grid reinfo·rce·ment

lUD n]~ ,I
't 'I
i I &
&
II II
I'/~ II.nal. ~.I ~~!I~a/2 ~/~~. ~~l.~ s ~\~:~~0/2
Type 1 Type 2
rncin relnforeemenl nO.t shQwn
1
_L _______ . ____ .
2 crossed grid$
of same type W '--r
f"-
---,f- ~- I--- <t
Ii-- h
r----'-
I
--- -_-- -- .--
, Al2 Al2 A/2 ,
I • Helical Ireinforcemen:I

iJo >Ii • • ..

~

E €I

'ii ..-

~

.;;;

'5 €I

SIze GrigJtpe Bar die. n s 0
3(15 1 8 4 100 170
.4(1.5 1 8 4.5 100 180
7(15 1 10 5.5 120 240
9(15 1 12 5.5 150 280
12(15 1 14 5.5 150 330
I 13(15 1 14 S 180 34:0
19(15 1 16 6 195 410
nelS 2 14 8 200 450
25(15 1 20 6 220 480
25C15P 1 20 6 220 480
27(15 1 20 6 240 500
3lC15 2 20 6 270 530
37(15 .2 20 6.5 300 580
55(15 2 25 7 335 710 All dimensions in mm.

For dimension A refer to pog'e 5.

Rein force men! yield strenglh 2: 235 NI mm'.

Size Nb o~ turns Bar die. Outside die, p,tt:;h e L
3(15 5 B 160 50 250
4(15· S 10 18Q 6,0 300
7(15 6 12 220 60 360
9(15 6 14 260 70 420
12(15 7 14 310 50 350
13(15 ? 14 320 70. 490
19(15 7 16 400 70 490
22(15 8 16 4.30 70 560
25C15 7 20 450 80 560
25Cl5P 7 20 4SQ 80 560
27(15 7 20 470 80 560
3.1C15 8 20 500 80 640
37C15' 9 20 550 90 810
!i5C15~ 9 25 650 100 900 All dimensions In mrn,

'The lenglh of steel required for ,the helical bursting reinforcement is greater than the usually cvoiloble length 112 rn].

Reinforcement yield strength ~ 235 N/mm'.

• 'General notes:

• To take into accoont construction practices adopted by certain designers or in certain countries,the typical bursting reinforcement has been defined as being' either plane grids in severo] planes, or helical (spiral) bursting reinforcement.

• The grid or helical reinforcement indicoted in the tables are only valid For on isolated anchorage in a prismatic piece (test block), For concrete with fqnir between 20 and 40 N/mm2• For concrete having fcmin belween 40 and 70 N/mm< [cyIinder strength) kindly refer to System C Technical Data handbook.

• When the anchorages are grouped into one or several lines, continuous reinforcement with an equivalent cross-sectionol area must be provided to link all the anchorages. Kindly refer to Sysfem C Technical Data handbook.

• The section of the bursting reinforcement defined in thi!l tables is 0 fraction of the theoretical value resulting from the calculalions carried out in compliance with most codes. This sectional area is most o~en complemented by general rebors, not shown on the figures/ positioned followingg.ood construction practices, in order fa reduce surface cracking, for example.

• Designers have 10 check the general equilibrium of the anchorage zones.

~------------~~=============================================-----------------F'~'i'-If!!'ll

-

_ The C Range Post-tensioning System

13

Bursting reinforcement for flat F anchorages

.3 F 15

bcr' QIy 0 L1 l2 L3 h
no. el.(t int iot ext
1 6 12 250 - - -
2 1 8 25.0 20 15.0 120
2A 2 6 250 45 110 120
3 1 8 250 20 150 120
3A 2 6 250 45 110 120
5 4 8 170 - - -
- -- ·Reinfotcementyield strength ~ 235 N/mm',

All dimensions in mm.

bor" QIy 0 L 1 L2 L3 h
no. ext ilit int ext
1 6 10 340 -, - -
2 2 B 340 60 160 145
3 2 8 34.0 60 16.0 145
4 2 10 .34.0 - - 145
5 4 8 250 - - - 'Reinforcement yield strength ~ 235 N/mm' .

All dimensions in mm.

• 5 F 15

1 :2 3 1

\\//

hor· Qty 0 L 1 L2 l3 h
no. ext int int ex!
1 4 12 38.0 - - -
1A 8 10 380 - - -
2 1 10 380 55 195 145
2A 2 8 380 80 160 145
3 1 10 380 55 195 145
3A 2 8 380 80 1~0 145
5 4 8 210 - - - 'Reinforcement yield strength 2: 235 N/mm'.

All dimensions in mm .

.j<-k __ ..:::._Ll __ --,jL i 1

512J---t- (__'--. -----:0)- bars no.

+ 1,1A

,~ 11 ,~

i[ //) bar
no. 4

~ L, r bar
1 no. 5 'f II or

hI, ~l2 - 100 '. bars no.

2,2A

_. ~< La 'r

h2

.r L3 r

JQ. l . n bors no, ~~~~~~

,y II ~

14

The C Range Post-tensioning System

Grouping anchorages

• Minimum ,dimensions when groupingC range anchorages, onl a several lines

I Q! ~ I .0

ou

'0

00: minimum distance between 2 anchorage centre-lines 00 = A (or BI· + 30 mm (~dependingon the orientation of cast guide, see pages 40,41,42 or 431

bo= minimum distance between the centre of on onchorage and the concrete face

The following must be verified:

Cl or/and 0' ~ 001 b or b" ~ bo a'b or/and ob' ;:: 1;6 b20

, 1,5 Fa

a ~ ---=---

fcmin x a

Recommended minimum dimensions shall be checked against applicable regulations or codes.

Size Dimension ~o (mml fQr£onor.etec with ft~ih (N/mm1)
23 33 43 63
3(15 120 105 105 105
4(15 140 115 110 no
7(15 185 155 140 135
9(15 210. 175 160 155
12(15 240 200 185 180
13(1:5 250 210 190 185
19(15 300 250 225 220
22(15 32~ 270 245 240
25(15 345 290 260 255
25C1SP 345 29·0 260 255
27C15 360 300 270 265
31C15 3BO 320 285 275
II 37(15 420 350 310 295
I 55(15 510 i 425 375 345 with:

Fo= stressing fon::e

rcmin = concrete cylinder strength at stressing time

• Minimum dimens'ions when, gr-ouping C ra'ng8 anchorages on asingl'e line This arrangement concerns" for example; enchorcqes in the web of a beam or segment or a.nchoroges of transverse prestressing tendons. in a hridge deck.

boo: minimum half·thrickness of the concrete wall

The following must be verified with b taken from the table below.

b ~ boo

b' ::>:1.5 boo

a,~ __ F_::_o_

with:

Fa = stressing force

fcmin = concrete cylinder strength at stressing time

Recommended minimum dimensions shall be checked against applicable reg.ulations or codes.

Slz& Dimension boo Imml for concrete with fcmin (N/mm,2)
23 33. 43 63
3(15 90 85 85 85
3F15 80 75 75 7j
.4C15 105 100 95 95
4F15 9$ 87.5 85 85
5F15 95 87.5 85 85
7(15 145 ]25 120 120
9C15 165 140 135 135
12(15 ISS 165 155 155
, ,
13C15 190 170 160 160
19C15 230. 200 190 190
22e15 250 215 205 205
2PCT5 265 230 220 220
25(15P 265 230 220 220
27t15 280 2.10 225 130
31(15 300 260 240 235
37(15 330 285 260 2{)5
55(15 400 350 315 300 The_': Range Post-tensioning System

15

Installation .. Placing

The installation of the C post-tensioning range includes the following main steps:

• duct placing

• cable placing

• stressing

• grouting (or other corrosion protection method)

For internal prestressing, the ducts are placed before the

concrete is poured. Corrugated steel or plastic duds are the most common (see page 4).

For external prestressing, the most commonly used ducts are steel tubes inside the concrete and HDPE pipes outside the concrete (see page 4J.

The coble is generally placed by pushing each strand into. the duct frem one end.

Freyssinet was a pioneer in prometing and developing this technique on the early 70's, and can provide advanced pushing equipment and Fittings.

A patented high speed, 4 head pushing machine has been developed fer use in large projects. With this machine, it is possible to. thread 1, 2, 3 or 4 strands at a time. The eperation of the machine may be contro.lled lrom the two ends of the tendon

being placed.

Main characteristics Qf4 head pushing machine:

• Speed ef threading: 1.5 or 6 m/sec,

• Metor: 3 phase, 380 V electric motor .

• Pewer consumption: 6 or 24 kW (1.50.1' 6 m/sec speed).

• Mex threading I.ength: 300 m

• Weight 1200 kg.

• Overall dimensions: 2.9 m (length)

1.24 m (width)

1.36 m (heigthl.

A two. speed machine [one pushing head) is also available fer current projects. Contact the local Freyssinet Agent fer details.

Example of 4 head machine in operation.

4 head pushing. machine

16

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p. ...... .,..

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The C Range Post-tensioning System

Installation - Stressing

The C range tend'ons erestressed with new higih performance CCtype hydraulic jacks,. Th!ey ere front pull, with aUlt,omatic dewedging end hydraulic locking-off of jOlws.

K type frey,s1sinetjacks may also be used pr,avid,ed they are fiHed with the required adaptors. Contact the local Freyssinet Agent for details Q,nd a-vaUability.

I Main dola for C rcna~' ~o~ks
I: Type (C350 ((500 €C 1 000 'CC ,1 500
ofjdck
Stroke 250 250 250 350
(mm)
I Tension cree
I: (cnft 473 69:2 1'34.9 2130
Max force per strand 255 255 255 255 ,
IkNJ
I, Loc:,king-o~ eree 69 99 148 219
(tm~)
Max lockin~ force/strand B 8 8 8
( N)
, Mass 410 600 1 124 22QO
I (kgt Jaw poll-in = 6±2 mm .

.... ----------~==================================~====~---------------

~..-.in ••

-

The C Range Post-tensioning System

Installation ... Str-essing

• Main dimensions, and clearan.ce o·fCC stressing iacks

I
JQ~k Anqhorage 0A E G L (;}
cQnc~rned ~r x'" 50
.7C15 1 105 690 120 11 D
9(15 1 105 690 150 sa
((350 360
12(15 1 115 700 150 8°
13C15 107A. 6.60 150" 9° I 7(15 1085 68,8 120 15Q
9(15 1 085 688 150 13"
(C500 12(15 438 1 095 698 f50 13" I
13(15 1100 703 150 12"
19C15 I·Q71 674 170 11° 19C15 1 160 723 170 16°
22C15 1 170 733 2.10 130-
25C15 1 175 738 210 13°
CC 1000 25C1:5P 593 1175 73B 210 13"
27C15 1 180 743 210 13°
31(15 1146 709 210 13"
I 37(15 1 151 714 240 1 D· C( 1500 37(15 1 550 TID 24,0 9· I
722 II
55C15 1 986 700 2.80 8° All dimensions in mm.

H

N

B,I,oe:k-out dimensions fore,C jack st,ressin.g

. r gripping.)

Plan view ~

-CI I

~ ~ ~ _._. __ ._._.

___ 1'---

Elevation

Size M N H
3F15 200 95 50
3Cl~ 2.00 I 170 120
4F15 240 100 50
4(1£ .2QO 180 125
5F15 280 105 50
7C15 230 210 115:
9(15 275 245 130
12(15 290 260 14'5
13(15 300 270 150
19(15 3~0 ·310 16P
22(15 380 335 170
2..5(15 410 380 170
25C15P 410 360 170
27C15 400 350 175
31C15 435 380 180
37(15 470 410 195
55(15 560 480 230 All dimensions in mm.

18

---------------=======================================~---------- ... ' F~~'I!ir .. ",_'

- .

The C Range PosHensioning System

Installation .. Stressing

CC 350 stressin.g iack

• Stress:ing active flat anchorages [see page 7}

The stressing of 3F15, 4F15 and 5F15 anchorages may be done 6y either stressing the bundle of strands simultaneously with a KIOO jack, or strand by strand, by using a monostrand jack, such as the M23 type.

The main dimensions and characteristics of these jacks are shown below:

fm~=1100kN

~trand overlqlh: 750 rnm

K100

The M23 jack may be advantageously used to strsssslrond by strand any C range anchorage when used for the Ductless System or external prestressing System N°2.

• Stressing pumps

A range of high pressure hydraulic pumps to operate the stressing jocks is availoble.

For instance, the P7.7 pump provides a How of 11.5 I/min at a minimum presureo] 63 MPo.

Contad theloeal Freyssinet Agent for details and availability of jocks and stressing pumps.

.... ------------====================================~~~----------------F'AlVWam.,

--

M23

Jaw pull·in= 6±2 mm .

The C Range Post-tensioning System

19

Installation - Corrosion protection

The C range tendons can be protected with any of the known systems: cement grout, grease, wax being the most common. Freyssinet can supply all the necessary equipment to ensure thorough COfrosion protection is achieved.

Some special cases require special attention:

• External prestressing with cement grout

The pressure resistance of the ducts must be checked before grouting. This is achieved using compressed oir; checking the tightness with water is prohibited.

• Tables below indicate the quantity of grout in Iitre/m (a provision for losses should be added)

C range internal

Number of strands _grout !Lm sheath" diometer
I 3 0.8 40
I 4 1.1 45
7 1.9 60
9 2 65
12 3.4 80
13 3.1 80
19 4.4 95
22 5.6 105
25 6 110
27 7.6 120
31 7 120
37 8.2 130
55 12.5 160 'Sleel

C range external N°l

Number of strands grout 11m sheath"'· diameter
3 1.22 50
4 2.05 63
7 1.60 63
9 2.40 75
12 3.60 90
13 3.45 90
19 5.22 110
22 4.77 110
25 6.67 125
27 6..J.7 125
31 8.42 140
37 7.52 140
55 13.36 180 • Grouting of System N°2 tendon.s "HDPE

In this case; the role of the grout is to constitute a spacer to C range external N°2 prevent the plastic sheath surrounding the strand from being damaged in the contact zones between strands, due to curvature reactions. Some properties of the grout such as mechanical strength (10 N/mm2 is sufficient for the spacing role required) and shrinkage play only a secondary role. The grouting takes place before stressing.

• Vacuum grouting

Freyssinet was a pioneer of the vacuum grouti.ng technique. This has been used and perfected by our Group For more than twenty years. It is especially suitable for large projects with difficult conditions.

• Ductless System

In this system, tendons consisting of sheathed and greased strands embedded in the concrete of the structure, do nol require grouting.

• Wax iniection

The tendons may also be injected with petroleum wax when specified by the consultant (for example, to check the tension after a number of years or to protect temporary ties).

Number of strands _g_routl/m sheath'" diameter
3 1.57 63
4 2.30 75
7 2.96 90
9 2.40 90
12 3.99 110
13 3.71 110
19 4.16 125
22 3.31 125
25 4.88 140
27 4.32 140
31 6.85 160
37 5.15 160
55 8.84 200 "HOPE

Flat F anchorages

Number of strands _grout 11m sheath" dimensions
3 0.71 58 x 20
4 0.90 75 x 20
5 1.05 90 x 20 "Steel

All sheorh dimensions In mm.

20

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FIIi .... ln .. '

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The C Range Post-tensioning System

1 BIS, RUE DU PETIT-ClAMART -78140 VEUlY-VILLACOUBLAY (FRANCEI- TEl. 33 I 4601 8484 - FAX 33' 4601 8S 85 -www.freyssinet.com

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