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Math​ ​Q1

Content:

Vector​​Chapter

 - How​​to​​write​​vector - Dot​​Product - Column​​vector​​Form - Geometric​​Properties - Unit​​Vector​​Form - Angles​​between​​2​​Vectors - Addition​​&​​Subtraction - Properties - Properties​​of​​Vector - Using​​Cosine​​rule​​and - Scalar​​Multiplication Dot​​product - Parallel - Cross​​Product - Equal​​Vector - Geometric - Negative​​Vector Interpretation​​of​​|u​​x​​v| - Zero​​Vector - Properties​​of​​Cross - Position​​Vector product - Magnitude​​of​​Vector - Vector​​Equation - Unit​​Vector - Line​​in​​2D - Collinear​​Vector - Line​​in​​3D - Midpoint - Intersection​​Point​​of​​2 vector

If​ ​you​ ​don’t​ ​understand​ ​anything​ ​*Look​ ​it​ ​up​ ​in

MyIMath​ ​lessons*.​ ​It​ ​does​ ​really​ ​help

Vector

Column​​Vector​​Form

Unit​​Vector​​Form X​ ​axis​ ​=​ ​​i Y​ ​axis​ ​=​ ​​j Z​ ​axis​ ​=​ ​​k

Examples:​​5i​​+​​6j​​-​​8k

Component​​Form

<x,​​y,​​z>

Addition​ ​and​ ​Subtraction​ ​of​ ​Vector

Scalar​ ​Multiplication

2 a ​​=​​ a + a Parallel​​Vector Two​​vectors​​are​​parallel​​if​​one​​of​​them​​is​​a​​scalar​​multiple​​of​​the​​other

Equal​​Vector

Two​​vectors​​are​​equal​​if​​they​​have​​the​​same​​magnitude​​and​​direction

Negative​​Vector

A​​negative​​vector​​is​​the​​vector​​that​​has​​an​​opposite​​direction​​of​​the​​original​​vector.

They​​are​​still​​parallel.

Zero​​Vector

Vector​​that​​has​​0​​length

Position​ ​Vector

Vector​​that​​represent​​the​​line​​segment​​from​​the​​origin​​to​​that​​coordinate

Written​​as​​ OA

Examples:​​Coordinate:​​A(2,​​3)​​=​​Position​​Vector:​​<2,​​3>

Magnitude​ ​of​ ​Vector

Magnitude​​of​​the​​vector​​=​​The​​length​​or​​Distance​​of​​the​​vector

Found​​by​​using​​Pythagoras​​Theorem:

Square​​root​​of​​(x​​squared)​​+​​(y​​squared)

Unit​ ​Vector

Unit​​vector​​=​​the​​direction​​of​​the​​vector​​written​​as:

1

|v|

v

While​​1​​is​​the​​length​​and​​v​​shows​​direction

Collinear​ ​Vectors

2​​Vectors​​are​​collinear​​if​​they:

Are​​parallel

Share​​a​​same​​point

You​​also​​know​​that​​2​​Vectors​​are​​collinear​​when:

Slope​​of​​Vector​​A​​=​​Slope​​of​​Vector​​B

B​​=​​(Xb,Yb)

M​​=​​Midpoint

​​+​​½·

​​=​​

Dot​ ​Product

Properties​​of​​scalar​​product Perpendicular:​​ a · b = 0 Parallel:​​ a · b = |a| |b|

Angles​ ​between​ ​2​ ​vectors

cosθ =

a·b

|a| |b|

Cross​ ​Product

Magnitude​​of​​Cross​​Product

Geometric​​Interpretation​​of​​Cross​​Product

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Cross​​Product​​Properties

(Important​​ones)

 u × v​​​=​​-(​v × u​) (​u × v​) × u​ =​​ ​ ​0,​ ​then,​​ ​u × v​​ ​is perpendicular​ ​to​ ​​u u × v​​ ​=​ ​0,​ ​the​ ​​u​ ​​and​ ​​v​​ ​are​ ​collinear (​u × v​) × v​​ ​=​ ​0,​ ​then,​ ​​u × v​​ ​is perpendicular​ ​to​ ​​v ( λ u​) × v​​​=​​ λ (​u × v​) |​u × v​|​ ​=​ ​|​u​|​ ​​|v​|​ ​ sinθ

Vector​ ​Equation

An​​equation​​that​​represents​​a​​vector.

<x0 ,​​y0 ,​​z0 >​​=​​a​​fixed​​point​​on​​that​​vector <a,​​b,​​c>​​=​​a​​direction​​vector <x,​​y,​​z>​​=​​answer​​of​​the​​equation​​(???)

μ​​=​​parameter

Line​ ​in​ ​2D

m​​=​​y2 ​​/​​x2

Parametric​​Equations​​​(acquired​​from​​the​​vector​​equation)

a​​=​​x1 +​​μ(xb​​=​​y1 +​​μ(y

2 )

2 )

Cartesian​ ​Form​​ ​(for​ ​finding​ ​​nemo​​ ​parameter)

μ​​=​​

a x1

x2

=​​

b y1

y2

Line​ ​in​ ​3D

Just​​like​​everything​​in​​“Line​​in​​2D”​​but​​with​​a​​‘z’​​value

Intersection​ ​Point​ ​of​ ​2​ ​Vectors

Use​​simultaneous​​equation​​(basically,​​use​​the​​Parametric​​Equation)

r1 ​​=​​r2

Meaning​​that​​you​​can​​find​​the​​intersection​​by​​equating​​2​​vector​​equation​​together

In​​case​​of​​3D:

Vectors​​are​​“Coplanar”​​if​​they​​are:​​Intersecting,​​Parallel​​or​​Coincident

If​​Vectors​​aren’t​​Coplanar,​​then​​they​​are​​“Skew”

Coplanar​​=​​Either​​when​​Vectors​​intersect​​or​​parallel

Skew​​=​​When​​Vectors​​do​​not​​intersect​​and​​are​​not​​parallel

Parallel​ ​​ ​​k(vectorA)​ ​=​ ​vectorB

Intersect​​​​The​​simultaneous​​equations​​give​​out​​the​​values​​of​​parameter​​that​​could

be​​substitute​​into​​the​​original​​equation​​and​​returns​​the​​same​​coordinate

Collinear​​

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Skew​​​​Find​​out​​“Parallel”​​and​​“Intersect”​​by​​using​​the​​method​​provided​​above

first.​​If​​they​​do​​not​​meet​​those​​requirement,​​the​​are​​skew.

Application​ ​of​ ​Vectors

Basically,​​it​​is​​solving​​vector​​in​​word​​problems.

If​ ​you​ ​don’t​ ​understand​ ​anything​ ​*Look​ ​it​ ​up​ ​in

MyIMath​ ​lessons*.​ ​It​ ​does​ ​really​ ​help

Rest​ ​In​ ​Peace