Issue 1, March 2009

Namaste
Quarterly Newsletter Peace Brigades International Nepal
Tibetan protesters outside the Chinese Embassy

Editorial

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The Situation of p3 Journalists in Nepal Strikes: the voice of p4 the people? Interview with Kokila p5

Interview with Dharmendra Jha, Director of FNJ Interview with UNESCO Spreading Peace Through Art

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the International Federation of Journalists’ investigation asserts that there is little question that her work and reporting as a journalist was a major reason for the killing.C. According to reports1 the murders of at least five journalists remain unsolved in the country. joint statement: http://www. 1 Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ).C. depriving the general public of its right to information in a time of political transition.dk/files/publications/Nepal%20Mission%20Statement%20_8% 20Feb%2009_%20Final%20ENG.Australia PBI-Canada PBI-Germany PBI-Italy PBI-Netherlands PBI-Norway PBI-Switzerland PBI-UK PBI-USA 2 .Editorial In this edition of Namaste. in background. and this contributes greatly to the current insecure situation in Nepal. states that she is the only woman in her profession in the district where she works.i-m-s.pdf PBI Field Officer Raghu Menon during a protective accompaniment to Advocacy Forum. four since 2006.org 2 International Media Mission. www. who was killed in her own home.fnjnepal. Journalists and reporters are being forced into selfcensorship.cpj. The International Media Mission states that attacks on and harassment of media have a ‘chilling effect’2 on press freedom.O Misereor Norway Foreign Ministry Primates Relief Fund Rausing Trust Stiftung Umverteilen Tinsley Foundation Weltwaerts Zvik PBI. Particularly worrisome is the situation of women journalists. The high level of impunity for past and ongoing abuses continues to be the norm. it is even more important that steps are taken to address the destructive culture of impunity in Nepal. The current environment of continuous threat is leading to selfcensorship among journalists. PBI would like to emphasise the worrying situation of journalists in Nepal. who are increasingly withdrawing from their profession as a result of the lack of security.org. This is especially true after the murder in January of journalist Uma Singh. accompanied by PBI. Despite the lack of verified information on the motives behind the murder. interviewing a victim in Morang District Peace Brigades International does not take any responsibility for statements made by thirds parties in this publication PBI Nepal Funders: BMZ ( CPS) German Foreign Ministry I. One woman journalist and human rights defender. After free and fair elections in 2008. The current exodus of women from journalism as a profession will make it harder for women to become journalists in the future. Federation of Nepali Journalists (FNJ) www.

”8 PBI meets with FNJ regularly to exchange information on the situation of journalists in Nepal. 23 Dec 2008. not one person has been convicted for a criminal act against journalists and media outlets. raised many questions about the security situation of journalists. including respect for full press freedom and rule of law. On 29 December the government and the FNJ expressed commitment to press freedom and agreed to resolve the problems between the management and the labor union within a week. about the fact that those responsible are not held accountable and about the vulnerable position of women journalists. Kantipur report. A group of around 50 people led by Ramesh Panta. According to IFJ and FNJ sources. The union had threatened Himalmedia for allegedly writing against workers in its latest issue. though remarked that the recent attacks on journalists and the flourishing culture of impunity were leftovers from the 10 year conflict2. Because of this. a 26-year-old woman journalist from Janakpur. entered the meeting hall of Himalmedia’s Hattiban office vandalizing the premises and injuring at least 12 senior journalists and other senior-level employees. and the IMM calls on the Prime Minister and Government to follow up their commitment to end impunity. and women journalists in particular. Jacqueline Park. PBI continues to monitor her security now that she is back in her region. the Maoistaffiliated All Nepal Communications. Intl media bodies deplore Maoist attack on Himalmedia. Kantipur report. 8 Feb 2009. 6 Feb 2009. Joint Statement 9. 23 Dec 2009.have been killed since 20061. An FNJ fact-finding mission found that journalists in western districts have been working under "psychological terror" due to threats issued by various armed groups and cadres of Unified CPN (Maoist). editors beaten up 4. radio journalists in general. 342 Press Freedom Violations in 2008 Since 2006 four journalists have been killed No one has been prosecuted to this day The attack on Himalmedia and the siege of the Kantipur office were condemned by several national and international organisations. 1. competitive multiparty governance. the media with the largest audience in Nepal. urge nonpartisan investigation. IMM. Kantipur Report. Earlier. On 1 March 2009. they had torched the copies of the news magazine and vandalized the distribution office3. Printing and Publications Workers Union (ANCPPWU) unit in Biratnagar staged a sit-in at the main entrance of the regional office of Kantipur Publications. the International Media Mission (IMM) expressed concerns about the attacks on media outlets. and human rights."6 The brutal murder in January 2009 of Uma Singh7. FNJ: Women journalists face psychological terror 8. in Nepal. The IMM stated that: “as of now. One of the most serious attacks on a media outlet took place on 21 December 2008. Birendra Sah and Pushkar Bahadur Shrestha .Uma Singh. p 5 3 . Kantipur report. Kantipur siege ends 6. Union members prevented distribution of the national issues of the newspaper.The Situation of Journalists in Nepal In Nepal’s struggle for democracy. Maoist unionists ended their siege5. PBI supports journalists who defend human rights through their work and will respond to their requests for accompaniments in the future. J. Maoist Chairman and Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda) reiterated the government’s commitment. The union workers demanded increases in salary as fixed by the government4. The Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the Government of Nepal and Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) of 22 November 2006 commits the parties to democratic values. On the same day. PM Dahal asks not to doubt govt commitment on free press 3. The majority of women journalists are employed in local radio stations. Director of the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) Asia-Pacific stated: "This attack on Himalmedia is an attack on press freedom and has nothing to do with the defense of journalism or the public interest. IMM. Women journalists in particular feel insecure and hopeless after the murder of Uma Singh. In January PBI Nepal volunteers accompanied a woman journalist9 after she received threats and had to be evacuated to Kathmandu. Four journalists . Himalmedia staff. 2 Feb 2009. On 23 December. Himalayan Times. Maoist union stages sit-in at Biratnagar Kantipur office 5. 21 Dec 2008. the president of the Maoist -affiliated All Nepal Hotel and Restaurant Workers’ Union (ANHRWU). especially women. face the highest threats. The Federation of Nepali Journalists (FNJ) recorded 342 press freedom violations in 2008 alone. Joshi. Kantipur report. 29 Dec 2008. 7. many women are leaving the profession both due to personal fear and in response to fam- ily pressure. civil liberties. highlighting an escalation in the number of physical attacks on journalists and media houses. journalists and others who work for press freedom face threats that are severe and growing. Joint Statement: International Press Freedom and Freedom of Expression Mission: Rapid Response Assessment Mission to Nepal 2.P. See the interview with KD in this edition of Namaste. 8 Feb 2009. In a press statement.

Street protests in Kathmandu Strikes: the Voice of the People? The culture of strikes. Journos boycott Limbuwan news 3. This culture of strikes can partly be attributed to the inability to address political. and food. This series of protests was not always peaceful. 8 Feb 2009. and Limbu ethnic groups have been calling for the right to selfdetermination and ethnic autonomy since long before the Constituent Assembly elections in April 2008. cultural and social issues affecting the country through appropriate policies. both ethnic groups started using bandhas to deliver their message. and proportionate and inclusive system” stated the Prime Minister. Pushpa Kamal Dahal. lasting from a day to one week or more until agreement was reached or compensation given. 6 Mar 2009. 1. “As a result the country is now a federal republic. not always peacefully2. autonomy.Ekantipur. PM stresses self reliance. while three Village Development Committee offices in the farwestern region were burnt to ashes.”5 Despite these affirmations in January 2009. 9 Feb. federalism.3 After two weeks of the strike the government and representatives of agitating Tharu community signed an agreement4. water. judiciary and education sector. the main ethnic group in the Tarai. Govt-Tharu representatives sign six point pact. A recent article in the Nepali Times1 showed that there was a bandha every single day in February 2009. dalits. the country is crippled by frequent bandhas and it is the Nepali public that suffers most during strikes. Banda Paralyses Life. in Nepal dates back to before the first People’s Movement in 1990. The government has a policy for inclusive representation of women. for defying the bandha. The Prime Minister. army and health. economic.The Rising Nepal. including ambulances. In March 2009 the Tharu ethnic group blocked the Terai-Madhes region (all of southern Nepal) with an indefinite strike. 12Mar 2009. In the mid-west Tharu activists torched several vehicles. Madhesi. police. After unsatisfactory agreements or lack of implemen- tation of agreements by the government. ‘bandhas’.My Republica. Muslims. in an economy that is already unstable. Tharu agitation withdrawn 5. It is a long standing tradition of raising issues by way of mass street action. either at local or national level. physically challenged and backward communities and areas in the administration. Everyday a bandha 2. Madhesis. eastern Nepal 4 . ethnic communities. due to transport obstruction. the justice system. has previously expressed his concerns about the problems of the many strikes in Nepal: “How can we build a new Nepal by enforcing bandhas and strike with any pretext? We fought for long for the rights of self determination. other ethnic groups reacted. and fuel shortages. end to impunity Road in Ilam. 4.com. Kathmandu Post. Banda Paralyses life in Terai.Nepali Times. 25 Jan 2009. 15 Mar 2009. Nepal is currently witnessing an increase in street action as a way to highlight ethnic issues and dissatisfaction. After the Nepal Government allocated quotas for Madhesi inclusion in the public service sector in response to previous demands and protests of Madhesis. Nepalnew. development and political dialogue.

Whenever we have to work late with a male colleague. In spite of this I think we should stand up as an example. What is your experience of PBI? I am very happy and thankful to PBI for its work. Due to an increased feeling of insecurity following the brutal murder of the journalist Uma Singh2 earlier in January. After the story was broadcast on local radio. PBI was then requested to accompany her back to Ilam and to socialize international presence and attention with the local authorities. and right to information. The culture of impunity is spreading. and at times we received threats from the perpetrators themselves. These days. and he threatened to kidnap her. I used to think: ‘How can we change and improve the fate of women so that they are liberated?’ I then started working in order to change the mindset of society towards women and to bring out grievances of rural women. The general public will be deprived of their basic human rights. It helped me a lot for my safety and security. The state is turning a blind eye.Limbuwan groups: political groups operating in the eastern region of Nepal demanding Limbuwan. 2. The caller claimed that Kokila’s reporting had tarnished the image of the Limbuwan movement for autonomy. Human Rights Defender petrators. it has gone unheard. I am the only woman actively working as a journalist. In Ilam. CNN. Working as a woman is very discouraging. Our reporting may disappoint some groups or individuals. and a Human Rights Defender? Kokila: Journalists have to report the truth and facts. Psychologically this is challenging. It is said that journalists are the fourth organ of the state but the state is not acting responsibly towards our security and protection. and show that women are equal to men. The police are unable to take action and to provide security for us. Probably the presence of PBI created a good environment. Kokila fled Ilam. The situation of HRDs is not very different. How do you see the future for journalists? If the trend and culture of impunity prevails then there will be no security for HRDs and journalists. people perceive this negatively and spread malicious rumours. Journalist. Since then I have not experienced further problems with that particular group. Jan 12. In all districts of the eastern region. no action has been taken against perpetrators. a journalist. This is why we have a very small number of women journalists. There are many cases of domestic violence against women in the east and whenever we’ve reported on them and raised our voice. where women are confined to the kitchen. journalists are facing difficult times when carrying out their daily work. intimidations. Kokila is a young journalist and reporter for Ilam-based Kanchenjunga FM radio station and a district central committee member of the National Alliance for Women Human Rights Defenders in Ilam in eastern Nepal. In rural Nepali society we are not taken seriously. I think PBI should visit these areas frequently. Nepalese Journalist Hacked to Death 5 . It accompanied me to the region where I work at a time when I was very upset and scared.Interview with Kokila: Woman. Here is what Kokila has to say about the general situation of journalists and Human Rights Defenders in Nepal and her own experiences as a woman working in these areas. which makes us more vulnerable to threat and intimidation. There have been threats. a federal autonomous province east of river Arun. Kokila received a number of threatening calls on her mobile phone and landline. What is your opinion on the situation of journalists following the peace agreement? I think it is worse than during the conflict. journalists are working on the edge of a knife: we report about crimes but no one takes action against the per- 1. meet local journalists and HRDs and continuously assess the situation in the region. PBI: What challenges are you facing as a woman.com. As HRDs we are not safe and are unable to carry out our work freely. abductions and killings to journalists but no one has been held accountable. On 17 January 2009 she published an article about Limbuwan groups1 levying illegal road taxes on the highway in the eastern region. What motivates you? From a young age I worried about issues faced by women in this patriarchal society. attacks. Working as a Human Rights Defender (HRD) is even tougher than being a journalist.

This is where groups. idenrights. what exactly they want Women are now a target. With the deteriorating situation of freedom of expression and press freedom. Director of FNJ The Federation of Nepalese Journalists (FNJ)1 is a nationwide umbrella organisation representing print and visual media in Nepal. This also has an into such groups. they are not willing to tolerate critical news material published or broadcast from You mentioned armed any media source. you have to seriously conmid-plain. we were hoping for improvements but we only received promises. FNJ is active in voicing its concerns and denouncing the growing culture of impunity. Why this change? politics is slightly shifting into If we compare print and radio. and nothing has been implemented. they are likely to prevent their kids from becoming journalists. Many Peaceful journalist protests. The condition between if armed groups have any cause. create a state of fear. or use any various groups are active and kind of weapon. the danger vince people of you and your is high. All over Nepal. recogweapon to help convince. especially Parsa have to proceed in the correct to Sunsari district and also in the way. Many people are not happy to hear or listen to criticisms. After the election.we don’t know. Our goal is that if anywhere in Have you noticed regional the world. . If you use any kind of tified and un-identified. as well as increasing attacks on the media. FNJ has branch offices and associate organisations across the country. main-Terai. They are a target for those who feel strongly against women working in radio. we ask them to please mandu we are almost safe. criticism is part of our job. then we cannot and not feel safe. We are not aware that anyone has been taken into custody for these cases.fnjnepal. not just Nepal. The degree of impunity is very high. But if you want to Likewise. will not tolerate it. and more? nowadays their number is very Why they emerged. Anyone can think that if they beat or kill a journalist. ists in the latter. goals are. especially in the political parties provide security countryside. But in come and talk. in the eastern region. Freedom of expression and press freedom are in danger. to become journalists. talk to the governthe Terai not a single journalist ment and society. we criminalisation and this is shifting find many more women journalinto a trend towards conflict. That is why impufor women in the next generation nity is increasing. But you In the mid-Terai. They are going to fession. Has the type and level of threats changed over time? Now many women journalists are targeted. We believe that as journalists. {cont. any differences as far as threats group is fighting for its rights. and we will be can say that he or she is safe. if you want to kill threatening journalists. who do journalists. then nized and un-recognized. there will be no consequences. journalists working in the Terai or any basic right they want to and those outside differs. Kathmandu women journalists (photo courtesy of FNJ) now are leaving or thinking about leaving their proor individually.Interview with Dharmendra Jha. PBI: How has the situation of journalists been since the elections in April 2008? Dharmendra Jha: The situation and condition of journalists is deteriorating day by day. Dharmendra Jha was elected president of FNJ in 2008. either as a party fluence on the high number of women employed here. Radio is a very We think that many recognized popular media. In Nepal. in Kathdefend. Many armed groups. supportive. Can you tell us the threats come from. we and journalists’ situation? should support them. and especially after the election put them in power. prevail we will not tolerate it. If women see journalism as a dangerous profession. here. journalists are receiving threats and media houses are being vandalized.org 6 . If they leave the profesprotect or are already protecting sion now. PBI interviewed him to find out more about the current situation for journalists in Nepal. You mentioned threats. next page} 1 www. what their high. it may be much harder those groups. We think that not before.

many groups are trying to imitate them. when we call to end impunity. and we support any right-based movement. PBI spoke to Serena Pepino in Kathmandu. we do this for all the people of Nepal. When we demand our government to ensure press freedom rights. so sometimes we fail to serve all of them What do you see as the role of internationals at present in Nepal? They can play a vital role.. press freedom. independence and pluralism of the media.CNN. It is happening. Our involvement was go around and speak to any person. especially in the Terai. FNJ is an umbrella organisation. misinformation and distortion. then we can’t accept it. But if we use any kind of violence while doing this. Now that the CA is writing the new constitution we have to ensure that press freedom and freedom of expression are included. Yes. you don’t have to write and misinform or distort. not the right way to demand rights. If we are responsible towards society. is there anything you would do for journalists especially. Maoists used this theory and after seeing this. UNESCO’s mandate to promote freedom of expression and press freedom. that is your right. it is reliable and accurate. it is not only on behalf of journalists. with more than 8000 journalists. when we call to end impunity. UNESCO was part of the last International Media Mission (IMM) in February 2009. If you were in government. “When we demand our government to ensure press freedom rights. Would you like to comment? We are working for journalists and you know that every event we organise. This means providing them with the safety they need in order to work properly. what does this mean in Nepal? Freedom of expression anywhere means guaranteeing all people a voice.com. Communication and Information. FNJ Interview with UNESCO UNESCO is the only UN agency with a mandate to promote freedom of expression. it is a problem and it is not a good culture. we try to do well. as the Maoists did. In Nepal this is particularly needed. We hope that freedom of expression will no longer be limited to some parts of the country and will start becoming a reality all media workers can rely upon. What do you think of the quality of information today? In general if we analyse Nepalese media. The problem we face is selfcensorship. if impunity increases. Nepalese Journalist Hacked to Death 7 . This is a universal issue. they have a right to raise their voice. It is correct that they are not able to give appropriate information. any institution and any official related to press freedom to understand the reasons behind the incidents especially of the previous six months. it is not only on behalf of journalists.” Dharmendra Jha. to change this culture? We need to provide professional skills and moral support to local journalists working in the field. 12 Jan 2006. then we violate other people’s rights. 1. Head of Unit & Program Officer. pursuing the investigations and processes to end impunity in the country. and the commitment from the government to guarantee such a right (Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights). especially now that the constitution drafting process is approaching.Interview with Dharmendra Jha. when journalists are killed. we do this for all the people of Nepal. all seen as basic human rights. Some journalists in Banke commented that they would like FNJ to act when journalists get threats not later. Director of FNJ continued So you link this to the current uprising of ethnic groups. Limbuwan. not just Nepal. If you are not able to give the right information. Journalists in that area are not going to misinform you. We should be the bridge between the people and CA members. but they are not going to give misinformation. There seems to be an understanding that you can only reach your rights by taking up arms. to every media worker in the country. I think this is not a good solution and we need to change our mind set. What was UNESCO’s involvement? We jointly decided to run a rapid assessment on the current press freedom in Nepal. It is the duty of the world community to secure these rights everywhere. But to act peacefully. including the murder of Uma Singh1. we should deliver our ideas to society peacefully. such as Tharu. In journalism we say that you have information. But if people are threatened in the name of such movement.

After the CPA a framework was built. What is the role of the international community on the topic of journalism? UNESCO collaborates closely with many international organizations. where insecunot being investigated. We urge the governplaying a big role. sues. which means that the level actions moving forward? of media freedom is decreasing It is mainly a question of willingwith fewer and fewer reporters ness and real commitment. with a shift in the type of incidents occurring. Freedom Forum and FNJ are more vulnerable and subject and endorsed by UNESCO. As of February ment and political parties to im2009 approximately 70% of plement all of the recommendawomen journalists in the Terai tions for freedom of expression had left their profession after the and press freedom that have been Uma Singh murder. All organizations expect the a training session that would ingovernment to follow up on all clude a component on personal cases that have been dropped and security. showed that there was a slight 8 . UNESCO understands the need for the media to have linkages to all these different actors. We decided to ading a ‘chilling effect’ on press freedress FNJ’s research results with dom. stakeIn the last two years UNESCO holders and CA members about launched a study of media freeimproving the current press freedom since the CPA. after all. In the IMM we affirmed that these linkages are not clear in all cases. The media is. What does this mean for the future? If such links increase. perhaps in a less constant way than the community within Nepal does since access to information is difficult outside the country. especially women? We respond with concern and awareness as we know that this is improvement in the media freedom situation. Pressures outlined in a document. which is unable to keep doing How has the Comprehensive what it is meant to do unless the Peace Agreement (CPA) afgovernment ends the culture of fected the quality and freeimpunity in the country. Obstadom of information emanatcles could be disagreements being from Nepal? tween political parties. not just in the western ment of Nepal carry out in part of the country but in the order to guarantee freedom whole of the Terai region as well.Interview with UNESCO continued The IMM report mentions links between political parties and some perpetrators of violent acts. we are going to see a much more politicized and much less free media in Nepal. governments and civil society. The international community understands what Nepal is going through and works well in monitoring the situation.P. threats proposal for training women jourand harassments is that they are nalist in the Terai. What actions IMM meets with Nepali Congress President G. The willing to report on sensitive isonly obstacles are for the media. those which have been not invesThe psychological component is tigated yet. though it has happened and that is what we are concerned about. of expression and journalists’ Our immediate response after rights? the IMM was to put together a The problem with attacks. so everybody resorts to their own solutions without looking to the government for guidance. In 2008 we found that politicization and self-censorship were increasing and threats and harassment towards journalists had also increased.to leave their profesDo you see obstacles to these sion. However the international community outside Nepal does a great deal of work in promoting Nepal’s freedom of the press and denouncing incidents to a much wider audience. This may be due to the fact that Nepal is going through a transitional phase and a confused political situation. ‘Agenda are forcing media workers – for Change’. How does UNESCO respond to the recent FNJ (Federation of Nepali Journalists) affirmation that journalists in various western districts have been working under ‘psychological terror’. so other channels to pressure the media have been found and were successful in some cases. Koirala would you like to (photo courtesy of UNESCO) see the governgoing on. This study dom situation in Nepal. For this reason it is hard to keep track of all incidents on a daily basis. put together by Artiwomen in particular since they cle 19. the Fourth Estate so it is important that it has support from each side of society. as well as the fact that such linkages have increased in the past six months. violent acts could no longer be done openly. This is havrity is high. to attacks . the UN family and also INGOs.

in 1975 as a Vietnam War refugee. I had previously served eight months on the team in Nepal. The USA country group invited guest speakers to discuss PBI’s role and raise awareness about the current situation of Human Rights Defenders (HRDs) in Nepal.S. I am grateful that I had the opportunity to share my knowledge about the current situation in Nepal. detainees facing torture and humiliation at Guantanamo Bay and mothers weeping over their dead children. and Suvash Darnell. and displacement through the eyes of Huong.Krystal (PBI Nepal) left. and was touring around the U. After all of the speakers were finished. The audience was made up of PBI supporters and those who wanted to hear more about the organization and what the field volunteers are doing in Nepal. torture. and I was honored to have such an artist present at our PBI event. I will never forget one of the things she told me: “You people [meaning PBI volunteers and other activists] are the real heroes. There were even some pieces where observers were encouraged to write with a marker how the images made them feel. A few examples include murals depicting child soldiers who had lost their innocence.” It was an exchange of compliments with a mutual understanding and respect for one another and the work we are each doing. As a current PBI-Nepal field volunteer. From the moment I walked into the gallery. She made a deep impression on everyone as she briefly shared the story of how she started painting. and could raise awareness of the problems that the HRDs are facing. and Canada on a speaking tour to raise awareness about the concerns of Nepali HRDs. but after she fled to the U. I gathered enough courage to speak to Huong and try to express my appreciation for what she is doing. and sayings that people had sent to her and incorporated them into her work. refugees. It was a truly amazing exhibit. Huong also took quotations. Kumar. easy to talk with. The artist herself spoke about her exhibition and how we are all interconnected in trying to spread the message of nonviolence and understanding all over the world. Washington DC. Guest speakers at the Georgetown event included T. and she began a life-long journey to depict the out our sympathy and unite us all on the most basic of human levels through her message of peace to the world. She could no longer keep silent about the suffering she endured during the war. and Katherine (PBI USA) Spreading Peace Through Art In Georgetown. I felt privileged to take part in this event. a Vietnamese refugee painting for peace. justice. 9 . I could feel a rush of pain and sorrow from all of the past conflicts all over the world. The Peace Mural is a 600 foot mural that connects concepts of war. poems. Huong was very approachable. a fellowship award winner with National Endowment for Democracy. Advocacy Director for Asia with Amnesty International. out there trying to save peoples’ lives. she decided the best way to get her message across was through art.S. peace. Huong was able to bring Artist Huong’s Peace Mural Georgetown PBI-USA organized an event on Thursday. The connection I made with Huong is just one example of the many great experiences I had on the speaking tour. sociable and charismatic. January 29th at the Peace Mural in Georgetown. She was a journalist. human rights and art go hand in hand atrocities she had witnessed.

1865 Sanepa. Beate Arnold. If you wish to contribute.pbi-nepal. you can:  Support us by donation as an individual or through an organisation Join your nearest PBI group and the Nepal Support Network Become a PBI volunteer   Please contact info@pbi-nepal. abides by principles of noninterference and works on the request of its partners. Nepal Phone: +977 1221 1200 Fax: +977 1553 7473 Email: info@pbi-nepal. the Nepal Project works according to the philosophy of nonviolence. Kathmandu. E. Lalitpur. at work in Ilam Peace Brigades International (PBI) is an international grassroots organisation registered with the United Nations that has been working to promote nonviolence and protect human rights since 1981.org www.P. within the framework of international norms of human rights. Established in 2006.org for more information 10 . Box 8975.org PBI Nepal Project P.pbi-nepal.www.org PBI Field Officer.O. It is independent of political and religious agendas.C.