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Kaplan Gmat 2005 PS - 10 Algebra Careless

Kaplan Gmat 2005 PS - 11 Algebra Other

Kaplan Gmat 2005 PS - 13 Ratios Other

Kaplan Gmat 2005 PS - 14 Algebra Other

Kaplan Gmat 2005 PS - 43 Geometry Forget Principal

Kaplan Gmat 2005 DS - 7 Algebra Careless

Kaplan Gmat 2005 DS - 12 Geometry Lack of knowledge

Kaplan Gmat 2005 DS - 18 Algebra Careless

Kaplan Gmat 2005 DS - 19 N.Properties Careless

Kaplan Gmat 2005 DS - 20 Geometry Other

Kaplan Gmat 2005 DS - 35 Algebra Forget Principal

Kaplan Gmat 2005 DS - 37 Percents Careless

Kaplan Gmat 2005 DS - 38 Algebra Careless

Kaplan Gmat 2005 DS - 44 Geometry Forget Principal

Kaplan Gmat 2005 DS - 45 N.Properties Lack of knowledge

Kaplan Gmat 2005 DS - 46 Algebra Forget Principal

Gmat Kaplan Online P9 Percents Lack of knowledge

Gmat Kaplan Online R2 Ratios Careless

Gmat Kaplan Online R3 Ratios Lack of knowledge

Gmat Kaplan Online R5 Ratios No idea

Gmat Kaplan Online R7 Ratios Lack of knowledge

Gmat Kaplan Online R9 Ratios Other

Gmat Kaplan Online R16 Ratios No idea

Gmat Kaplan Online R17 Ratios Careless

Gmat Kaplan Online R26 Ratios Other

Gmat Kaplan Online R27 Ratios Lack of knowledge

Gmat Kaplan Online R30 Ratios Forget Principal

Gmat Kaplan Online F1 Factors Forget Principal

Gmat Kaplan Online F6 Factors Lack of knowledge

Gmat Kaplan Online F8 Factors Careless

Gmat Kaplan Online F11 Factors No idea

Gmat Kaplan Online F12 Factors Lack of knowledge

Gmat Kaplan Online F15 Factors Other

Gmat Kaplan Online F24 Factors Careless

Gmat Kaplan Online G26 Geometry Word Trick

Gmat Kaplan Online G36 Geometry Forget Principal

Gmat Kaplan Online G40 Geometry Lack of knowledge

Gmat Kaplan Online G41 Geometry Word Trick

Gmat Kaplan Online G44 Geometry Lack of knowledge

Gmat Review P9 Algebra Lack of knowledge

Gmat Review P16 Algebra Forget Principal

Gmat Review P37 Algebra Forget Principal

Gmat Review P60 Algebra Lack of knowledge

Gmat Review P61 Averages Careless

Gmat Review P74 Algebra Forget Principal

Gmat Review P80 Probability Forget Principal

Gmat Review P90 Algebra Lack of knowledge

Gmat Review P114 Algebra Forget Principal

Gmat Review P112 Algebra Lack of knowledge

Gmat Review P129 Averages Other

Gmat Review P126 Algebra Careless

Gmat Review P127 Algebra Careless

Gmat Review P130 Ratios Forget Principal

Gmat Review P132 Probability Other

Gmat Review P133 Algebra Other

Gmat Review P137 Averages Careless

Gmat Review P139 Geometry Careless

Gmat Review P144 Factors Word Trick

Gmat Review P147 Algebra Careless

Gmat Review P149 Algebra Careless

Gmat Review P152 Algebra Forget Principal

Gmat Review P160 Factors Other

Gmat Review P167 Algebra Forget Principal

Gmat Review P169 Factors Other

Gmat Review P175 Geometry Lack of knowledge

Gmat Review D1 Percents Word Trick

Gmat Review D4 Geometry Careless

Gmat Review D67 Algebra Lack of knowledge

Gmat Review D72 Algebra Forget Principal

Gmat Review D78 Algebra Forget Principal

Gmat Review D79 Algebra Careless

Gmat Review D83 Factors Other

Gmat Review D85 Algebra Careless

Gmat Review D86 N.Properties Careless

Gmat Review D87 Geometry Forget Principal

Gmat Review D91 Geometry Hard

Gmat Review D92 Algebra Careless

Gmat Review D94 Algebra Lack of knowledge

Gmat Review D96 Algebra Forget Principal

Gmat Review D99 Averages Word Trick

Gmat Review D101 Algebra Other

Gmat Review D102 Algebra Hard

Gmat Review D113 Algebra Forget Principal

Gmat Review D116 Algebra Careless

Gmat Review D117 Geometry Lack of knowledge

Gmat Review D115 Algebra Other

Note In Knowledge Base?

Yes

Confused b-a with a-b No

Got it right, but technique would help Yes

d = r*s plus picking numbers No

Use fractions instead of decimals, quicker Yes

All about special triangles and ratios Yes

Failed to read No

Square and triangle theory Yes

No

Failed to pick good numbers No

I think they are wrong about (2) No

Square root algebra! Yes

Failed to undestand the question No

Equations! 1 eq for each unknown No

a^2 + b^2 = c^2 no

And careless, integers not specified. Yes

Division / Multiplication and inequalities Yes

Tricky group problem No

Read question! Found error in problem no

Ratios different then actual Yes

I think Lis sufficient. Book wrong. no

Rate is comparing one thing against Yes

another! Be careful as to which is which. r

can be quantity over time or time over

Quantity

Just two equations. But tricky no

NO

hard No

read mofo! Don't assume. No

good problem No

tricky No

Ratios different then actual Yes

Yes

see 8 divisible rule YES

read mofo. no

No

Yes

Hard no

Yes

Easy , but tricky No

no

issue with symbolism used Yes

imp. Of angles Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

I always forget this trick! Yes

1-chance of NOT occurring = occurring! yes

estimate No

No

No

Yes

unacceptable No

unacceptable No

solve for time! yes

yes

hard No

Yes

No

Yes

Remember if "integers" is not stated Yes

anything goes!

Need to visualize numbers laid out. No

Remember to use TABLEs to lay out info No

Yes

always look for factoring! Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

Easy , but tricky No

no need to solve! no

I don't agree no

No

greater than -1 is 1, not negative 2! Yes

im an asshole No

good problem yes

rewrite equations to see answers no

read mofo No

read "represent two positions of same No

ladder!"

No

No

No

No

No

No

good problem Yes

good problem No

No

No

best yet Yes

Hard Yes

Percents

fraction?

How do you convert a fractions to a Multiple by 100%. 1/12 x 100% = 100/12 = 8.33

percent?

fraction?

= 25% change

60% of 100 = 100*.6 = 60

How to find numbers divided by 406/1.16 for example. BACKSOLVE! Take the reasonable

complicated decimails? answer choices and do reverse!!! If not, multiple by 100 to

make easier calculation.

What are the principal interest Simple interest occurs when interested in not reinvested into

formulas? Difference between simple the principal. Principal (1 + %)years = simple interest

and compound interest Compound = P(1+%)^years.

A percent of a percent is what? Like a fraction of a fraction. 25% of 25% is 1/4 of 1/4 = (1/4)

(1/4)= 1/16. And these can be added to find percents of

totals~!!! See Data Sufff. Challen Quiz problem 3

20% on x and 20% on remainder of x. 80% is the remainder. So the answer would be .2*.8(x)

What is the remainder?

5 of 23

N. Properties

What are the odd/even rules for odd + odd = even, even + even = even, even + odd = odd. So

addition? when they are mixed = odd.

what are the odd/even rules for Even x Even = Even, Odd x Odd = Odd, Odd x Even = Even.

Multiplication? So anything times Even is even. So anything with even is

EVEN.

What is a prime number? A prime number is a number that only have two factors: Itself

and 1.

from a positive number that leaves us

with the same absolute value?

C?

Is Z^3 < 2 1? We can tell because nothing says that z had to be an integer!

are a and c related to b?

If the sum of 3 consecutive integers = A/3 = middle consecutive integer, so add to that. (a/3 +2) +

A. What is the sum of the next 3? (a/3 +3) etc….

What is the implication of having a the It means that the middle term is thus odd and that there is an

average of a set of consecutive odd number of consecutive numbers. Means the sum of those

numbers be odd? number will be odd to. (worth playing with this to learn more)

6 of 23

N. Properties

If X is POSITIVE, is x Prime? X^3 has 4 2^3 meets criteria. 6 also has 4 factors, but cube root of 6 is

factors. X^2 - x -6 = 0 not even an integer! For the second one, you can get two

answers, but as the stem mentions - X IS POSITIVE - so there

can only be one answer which means that x is prime!

Is 0 positive or negative? Neither!

How many multiples of 4 are there Well, 96/4 = 24. 12 has 3 but since it said inclusive you can't

between 12 and 96 inclusive? count 12. So 24-2 = 22. There are 22 multiples of 4 between

12 and 96 inclusive.

You have two sets Y and X. Y has 10 The union is the amounts in X and Y minus the intersection

and X has 18. 6 integers are in both (which the number in both). So, 10+18-6=22. That is the total

sets. What is the union? What is the number of member in both groups accounting for those

intersection? What number is in either members that they share! To find the number that is in either

Y or X, but no both? but not both you must subtract the intersection again. 22-6 =

16. Also, think about a Venn Diagram to make it easier.

7 of 23

Algebra

What are the two types of exponent 2^3 x 2^7 = 2^10 (they are added)

calculations that are easily confused? (2^3)^7 = 2^21 (they are multipled)

What does the square root sign mean? The square of 16 can be -4 or 4

But the common Square sign can only mean the

POSITIVE square. This is important in terms of

data sufficiency.

What is the quickest way to find out which of Cross multiply. Whichever has the bigger

two fractions have the larger decimal number on top wins.

equivalent?

Is the reciprocal of a fraction between 0 and 1 It is greater than 1. 2/3 => 3/2

smaller or larger than the original

Is the reciprocal of a fraction between 0 and -1 It is less than -1. -2/3 => -3/2

smaller or larger than the original

Is the square of a fraction larger or smaller than It is smaller. (1/2)^2 = 1/4

the original fraction?

Is the square of a negative fractions larger or It is larger. (-1/2)^2 = 1/4

smaller than the original?

What is the equation of line? y = mx + b.

When is a formula "undefined" When its denominator = 0

What does value of X in terms of y mean? Means x = y

How are units found from a product of two Multiple they units. 93x95? 3x5=15 so 5 is units.

numbers?

How to you find the sum of consecutive Take the average say 10+50 / 2 = 30

integers? Take number of terms 50-10+1 = 41

Sum = 30*41 = 1230

How do you solve group problems involving Gp1 +Gp2 + neither -both = total

both/Neither?

3^0 = ? 1

subtracting b from both sides of b = 2b is b=0,

what?

How are 1/3^7 and 1/3^8 Related? 1/3^8 = 1/3^7 (3^1)

(13^3) and 7^3 are equivalent to what? 13*7 = 91^3

4^k+1 is = ? (4^k)(4^1)

What is the squ. root Of x if x = 9a^2 and a<0?

Doesn't sound intuitively but plug in number and

see.: -3a.

a = root 2 + root 5, a^2 = ? (root 2 + root 5)(root 2 + root 5), not individual

squares of roots!

simplify (1/x)^n+1 (1/x)^n * (1/x)^1

Sequence starting with 6 and has sum of 63. 6+7=13

How many in sequences? 13+8 =21 and so on until 63

0 < p < 1. When comparing 1/p^2 and 1/(p+1)^2 Fractions! Instead of something like .4, use

what is quicker? Decimals or Fractions? something like (1/9). It squares nicely and will

make comparisons quicker.

If M and N are both + what is the value of M The key here is to remember that you can

root n if MN/Root N = 10? multiple by 1 or root n / root n then use that to

simplify.

What are the rules of inequalities? If you multiple or divide by a negative number,

you must switch the direction of the sign.

8 of 23

Algebra

If X is not = to 0, is 1/x > 1? (1) y/x > y (2) x^3 > Analyze the stem and try to simplify. Remember

x^2 the rules of inequalities. What can make this

true? Only if x is positive can this be true, so

x>0. Also, if x is positive then 1>x, so we are

really asking is 0<x<1? (1) is dependent on y

being positive or negative since it would switch

the inequality signs giving two answers - so

insufficient. (2) Since we know x <> 0, then we

know that x^2 is positive. Simplify we get x>1 so

that answer is NO.

xy=-6 and x-y=5. can I get definite x? no! x will have two answers! So despite two

equations no definite - ds problem trick

What is the ratio of 3/4 / 4*3/4? Don't let this trick you. Just cross out the 3/4 on

the top and bottom and you get 1/4!

N / T = S and remainder V. What does N = to? N = TS + V NOT T(S+V) The remainder is

tricky!!

X^4 and Y^4 = 100 what is the greatest Remember! Nothing is mentioned about integers

possible value for X? so keep that in mind. 3^4 is 81 and 4^4 is 256

so X is in between 3 and 4. Does not have to be

an integer!

0 < x < 1 Is x^4 - x^5 < x^2 - x^3? Remember to factor out. X^4(x-1) < x^2(x-1), so

x^4<X^2 so true!

X received 1/3 more votes than Y is what x = 4/3Y

mathematically?

X^2>x? if x>-1? Becareful! X>-1 means -1/2,0,1/2,2 BUT NOT

-2.

Is r > 0? 1. rt = 12 2. r+t=7 Need to solve because you get a quadratic

equation.

x^y < y^x. (1) x=y^2 (2) y>2. How can you Use substitution, then look at the exponents.

compare?

9 of 23

Ratios

What is a rate? A rate is a special kind of ratio that relates one kind of quantity

to a completely different kind of quantity.

Can rates be added? yes. 200 meters/hr + 100 meters/hr = 300 meters/hr. 1800 sq

meter / 300 meters/hr = 6 hr when working together

Can time in rates be added? (work It takes me 2 hours it take her 3 hours. How long does it take

problems) together? (1/2) + (1/3) = 5/6 = 1/T => T = 72 minutes or 6/5

hours

What is the work formula? T = ab/a+b (a,b time it takes to complete job). Or the inverse of

total time = sum inverse of time of individuals.

Explain the reasoning behind the work if a task takes 3 days to complete, then 1 day of working would

formula be 1/3 of the task. These one day ratios can be added. Then

take the reciprocal of that addition to get total days agains.

(1/3)+(1/2) => then reciprocal! = axb/(a+b)

In rate problems, when trying to solve for a The equation you are NOT trying to solve for gets changed.

variable which one get altered? Hence t+10 or r - 10 (would be for the equation that is not

being asked to solve for.

What should one do when picking number in Pick the lowest common multiple of the numbers available if it

time distance based problems? makes sense.

When looking for "average speed" what "Total Distance / Total Time" Remember you can't add the

formula should one be thinking about? rates!

What is something that always catches me I fail to read whether "round trip" or one way!!!!!!! Always!!!!!!!!!

in distance, speed type problems? Pay attention!!!!!!!!!

10 of 23

Ratios

How to solve problem when we have speed Since distance is the same. S(t) = S(t). Think about this: How

and we want to find time and distance is the much distance is covered in (t) time? Will the one on the left or

same right "cover" more distance? So 30 (t + 5/6) will cover 30 per hr

plus whatever it's advantage is over the other side. Use some

degree of logic.

What do you do if have rates irregardles of 3 day for 1 and 5 days for 1. Means 5n=3n => 5/3n=n if 42 is

time? total, then 5/3n + n = 42. Solve for n. Then subtract n from 42

to find where they will meet.

When doing a d/s = d/s problem how does if the distances are crazy. Normalize to 0. So if something

one normalize? starts off at 11. then subtract both distances by 11 to get one

to 0. Then 0 = d.

what is the alternative way to find "when will Add the speeds together, then d/(s1 + s2) = T. Multiple T by

they meet problems"? either rate to find the distances they will travel when they

meet!!!

What do you do if you have rates and time x/5 + x/6 = 2 hrs/ , x = distance.

for the entire trip, but are trying to total

distance?

If you have a proportion, say 3/4 and wanted 3/4 = x//16, the solve to find x.

to find how of a missing component is

necessary when you have for example, x/16,

what do you do?

How do you determine a combined ratio? A:b = 7:3 and b:c = 2:5 what is the ratio of A:C? Multiple the

common variables in the two ratios so that they are equal.

Then you can put a:c properly.

If working with ratios is difference in speeds Yes. 50% faster than x is not the same as x + 4 feet. It's a trick.

the same as different in ratios of speeds? the former an be used the latter not.

what is the trick with rate problems? Be careful to which Quantity is being compared to which.

miles/ hr is not the same as hours per mile. See problem R7 in

black book

11 of 23

Factors

3(1) = 3 3(2)=6. 3 and 6 are multiples of 3.

How are multiples and factors tied A number that is evenly divisible by another number is also a

together? multiple of that second number.

What is a prime factorization? It is a number expressed in terms of the product of its prime

factors (the factors that are prime numbers).

What is the method 1 of prime what is the prime factorization of 210? Start low, then go up!

factorization? 210/2 = 105 (since 105 is not divisible by two, we go to 3)

105/3 = (2)(3)(35)

35/5 = (7)(5)

210 = (2)(3)(5)(7)

What are factors? Factors, or divisors of an integer are the POSITIVE intefegers

by whuch it is evenly divisible (leaving no remainder).

How can you find the Greatest Break down both integers into the PRIME factors and multiple

Common Factor? all prime factorizations they have in common. 36 = (2)(2)(3)(3),

48 = (2)(2)(2)(2)(3). Therefore they have (2)(2)(3) in common =

12 greatest common factor.

What is method 2 of prime Find any set of factors, then drill down

factorization?

What is the least common multiple? The LCM is the smallest number is a multiple of each of the

numbers.

When is the least common multiple When those two integers share any factors in common.

smaller than simple the product of two

integers?

How can you find the LCM? 1. Determine the prime factorization of each integer

2. Write out each prime number the maximum number of times

that it appears in any one multiple.

3. Multiple those number together to get the least common

multiple.

Take 12 and 15. it would be 2x2x3x5. You wouldn't include the

3 in 12 because it only has prime.

12 of 23

Factors

ALSO DIVISIBLE BY 4, BUT NOT ALL DIVISIBLE BY 4 ARE

DIVISIBLE BY 8. TOOL TO LIMIT OPTIONS ONLY.

How do you find the number of factors Find the prime factors, then combine to see if you can rewrite

of an integer? with exponents. Add 1 to each exponent. Then multiply those

exponents. This will give you number of factors!

How do you find which factors of an say you have 2,2,5,3 as prime factors (and 1) and want to find

integer are divisible by a certain number of factors divisible by 3. Well you have 2, 5, 2x2, 2x5,

integer? 2x2x5, 1 = 6 factors that will not be divisible 3. Then subtract

this number from the total number of available factors.

What are the first 10 prime numbers? 2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19,23,29

How best to find factors from prime Stop from bottom - be systematic!

factors? 2x2x2x2x3x5? 2, 3, 5

2x2, 2x3, 2x5

2x2x2, 2x2x3, 2x2x5 etc…

How to tell if a number is divisible? Use one of the test. 51 for example = 5+1 = 6, which is

divisible by 3.

If a number has the following Any combination of prime factors that at least includes 2x3

2x2x2x2x3. Which of its

divisors(factors) are also multiple of 6?

13 of 23

Factors

If a factor of a number is divisible by x The implication is that the other factors is also divisible by x.

and the number itself is divisible by x r/x = integer and r+q/x = integer, then q/x must also be an

what is the implication for the other integer because r/x + q/x must both be integers to make r+q/4

factor(s) of the number? an integer.

Is 14 a factor of M if 14 is a factor of

Yes. Since the factors of 15 are 5x3, then the factors of 14,

15M? 7x2 must be part of M. However, if one had 16M instead, it

would not necesarrily be the case because the 2 factor could

be present in 16 but no in M thereby not making 14 a factor of

M

How do you find the number of factors Say 580 and 60? Prime factors of 540 are 2x2x3x3x3x5.

of a number that are also multiples of Prime factors of 60 are 2x2x3x5. Divide 580/60 and get 9. 9

one of the factors? has three factors 1,3,9. So there are three multiples of 60 that

are also factors of 580: 60(1), 60(3), and 60(9)

If a number is said to be a factor of That implies that the factor is either a prime factor or a

another number what does that imply? combination of the multiplication of a number's prime factors.

What does it take in terms of prime There must be 2 of each prime factors: 2x2x3x3x4x4 for

factors for a number to be a perfect example.

square?

4/x +5/x + 6/x is an int and x too. Is 5/x it doesn't have to be because 15/x can be 1,3,5,15. 5/x would

an int? have to be an int for all those factors. Next would be 30/x or

2(15/x)

between 6! + 2 and 6! + 6 inclusive?

14 of 23

Prob.

What is the combination formula? N!/k!(n-k)!, where n=number of items in group as whole;

k! = number of items in each subgroup formed.

What do you do if asked to find potential Multiply the potential combinations from each group.

combinations from multiple groups?

How do you find the number of possible The number of possible subgroups will equal the

subgroups when choosing one item from a set? number of items in the set. 5 apps, 20 main courses, 4

desserts. How many different meals? (5)(20)(4) = 400

diff meals.

What are permutations? The arrangements within a group. Permutations differ

from combinations in that they are ordered. Typically

you subtract out 1 from each descending component.

ABC has (3)(2)(1) = 6 possible combinations. In

essense, a factorial.

What is a probability? A probability is the numerical representation of the

likelihood of an event or combination of events. This is

expressed as a ratio of the number of desired outcomes

to the total number of possible outcomes.

What is independent probability? Independent probability occurs when events do not

depend on prior events. The probability that several of

these occur is the product of the probability of each

event occuring individually.

How is dependent probability calculated? It's like independent but you multiple the changing

probabilities. (5/10)(4/9)

How to calculate probability of an event not If at least one win is necessary, and 30% chance of

occuring? winning any one game and there are 3 games. So 70%

of not winning any one game. So .7 x .7 x .7 = .346. So

1-.346 = answer!

What is the difference between a permutation abc, abd, ace are combination since no group has all

and a combination? the same elements. Abc, cba are permutations since

that have the same elements just arranged differently.

They are different permutations of the same

combination. Permutation are the arrangement of

sequences. Combinations are the number of

DISTRINCT groups that can be pulled out of a larger

group.

How should one think about permutations when if 8 people but only 4 positions. Say how many in first

trying to solve? position? 8. If that position is filled, then in next position

only 7 people would be available to fill it. So 8x7x6x5

would be answer.

how does one think about multiple group Can the multiple groups be combined differently? If so,

permutations? you need to do each permutation for each combination,

then add them together.

How does one deal with indistinguishable like having a,a,b,c. Divide 4!/2! With the bottom being

elements in permutations? the number of indistinctual elements. If a,a,b,b,b,c,d,

then 6!/2!x3!

How does one calculate the probability that If the probably of one is 1/2 and the other 2/3, then ADD

either one thing will occur? the probabilities together to find one or another.

15 of 23

Prob.

How does one calculate the probability that Multiple their individual probability, regardless if

both things will occur? independent or not.

How does one calculate the probability of Find the probability of each scenario, then add them

multiple scenarios? together. However, within each scenario there could

issues where you need to multiple AND probability type

stuff. IMPORTANT. For 1-opposite probability, better to

find probability of one scenario, then add them all

together (especially if each scenario has different

number of slots! SEE grape flavor question in

permutation quiz!).

When should one use the subtraction method of If you are in an a multiple scenario situation where there

probability? are fewer way for an event not to occur.

16 of 23

Geometry

What is the relationship between the angle of the The larger the angle, the larger the opposing side.

triangle and the opposing side?

How can you find the internal angles of a Make triangles in it, then count the number of triagles.

polygon?

What are pythagorean triples? They are a set of integer ratios that always satisfy the

pythagorean theorem. 3,4,5 or 5,12,13 or 6,8,10

(MEMORIZE)

What are the sides of the isosceles right triangle? 45 degree sides = X, the 90 degree side = x (square

root 2)

What are the side of the 30, 60, 90 triangle? 30 = x, 60 = x(square of 3), 90 = 2x

What is a parallelogram? Has two pairs of parallel sides. Opposite sides are

equal in length.

What is the circumference of a circle? C = d(pie)

What is the area of a circle? A = r^2(pie)

How do you calculate the arc length? arc length = n/360 (circumference). n = central angle

circle?

How can knowing the chord help you find the A chord is the hypotenuse of an isosceles triangle. If

other sides? the central angle is 45 degrees, then it is an isosceles

right triangle.

circles and datasufficieny? If you are given any measurement (area,

circumference, chord, arc) you can determine all other

measurements.

How can you find the length of a line segment on Use the right triangle method. Pythagorean theorem.

a coordinate plane?

What is unique about an inscribed triangle which It means that it is also a right triangle.

has one leg that is the diameter?

What is true about a right angle inscribed in a The two chords are the leg of the right triangle with a

circle? And not true? hypotenuse that is a diameter. It doesn't mean it is a

special triangle unless both chords are the same

length!

Take an inscribed quadrilateral. If one side is NO! If one side equals r, then the hypotenuse is 2r or

equal to the radius, is it a square? diameter. If the other chord is also equal to r (which

would be required since are testing whether it is a

square), then the two chords would be equal to the

hypotenuse which is impossible because two side of a

triangle must be larger than the third -- not equal to or

smaller. Hence, it is impossible for this to be a square.

Take an inscribed quadrilateral. The degree No. To be a square arc of each side must be 90

measure of a minor arc is 45 degrees, is it a degrees.

square?

what is the rule of triangles related to its sides?a side must be greater than the difference or smaller

than the sum of the two other sides

what is the mid point formula? average of the sum of x 1 and x 2.

What is the relationship between the exterior the exterior angle is = to the sum of the remote interior

angle of a triangle and the remote interior angles angles. See gmat review ds 117.

of the abutting triangle?

17 of 23

Geometry

Triangles formed within rectangles. The See problem g38. Excellent example.

transversal that cuts across a rectangle can be

used to create smaller triangles that are similar

because they share same angles but different

sized legs. IF TWO ANGLES of triangle are the

same, then if means the third is as well and it

means that they are SIMILAR!!!

What is the difference between a trapezoid and a The trapezoid only have 1 set of parallel sides unlike

parallelogram? the parallelogram which has two.

What is the area formula for a trapezoid? Average of parallel sides / height

What is the area formula for a parallelogram? Base * height

How do you find the diagonal of a rectangular You have to use the pythagorean formula twice or look

solid? out for special triangles.

How do you find the volume of a sphere? 4/3PiR^3

□BAE=□BCD ? This means that the triangular portion of two sides of a

trapezoid are the same.

If you have two sides of a triangle 8 and 12 what That the 3rd sides can vary between 20 and 4. That

do you know? the greatest area will occur when 12 and 8 are

perpendicular to one another. There can be no area

greater than that. See G44

Inscribed square that whose area has a ratio of It could be any positive integer. See PS 175.

25 to 39. What could be the width in inches for

the strip between the inscribed square and the

larger area?

18 of 23

Geometry

19 of 23

Geometry

20 of 23

Averages

What is the balanced value concept and how can The net sum of the difference between each value and

it be used to find the missing average? it's average must be 0. 3-5, 7-5, 4-5, x - 5: -2 + 2 + -1 +

(x-5) = 0: therefore x = 6

How can use combine averages? Use the weighted average formula. What is the average

score? 100 average of 4 games, 200 average of 8

games= (100*4) + (200*8)/12 = 400+1600/12 = 2000/12

= 166.66

Averages and data suffiency? know the formula! Sum of terms/number of terms =

average!

What is the median? Is the middle number if the groups of terms is odd. If

even, then the average between the two middle

numbers.

What is the implication of having a the average of It means that the middle term is thus odd and that there

a set of consecutive numbers be odd? is an odd number of consecutive numbers. Means the

sum of those number will be odd to. (worth playing with

this to learn more)

Dec Sales are 4 times that average for the rest of x for each of the first months, 4x for december. Total of

the 11 months. Dec sales are what fraction of the 15x. So 4x/15x is answer.

entire years sales?

Rememer how to do long division? 20100/26. This Since all the answer choices start with 7 you know you

seems hard. Answer choices all start with 7 can use that. Then narrow it down until you can

differentiate the choices. See P137.

21 of 23

ToMemorization

What are pythagorean triples? They are a set of integer ratios that always satisfy the

pythagorean theorem. 3,4,5 or 5,12,13 or 6,8,10 (MEMORIZE)

What is the % equiv of 1/8, 1/12, 1/6? 12.5%, 8.33%, 16.66%

22 of 23

References Types Reason Data

Kaplan Gmat 2005 Algebra Careless Yes

Gmat 800 Averages Forget Principal No

Gmat Review Factors Lack of knowledge Need To

Gmat Quantitative Geometry No idea

Gmat Coursebook N.Properties Other

Gmat Kaplan Online Percents Word Trick

Probability Guessed

Ratios Hard

Statistics

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