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Sara Zaky

Tier 3: Osteology Assessment Questions

1. What do inorganic salts do for bones?

2. What does collagen do for bones?

3. Lacunae form concentric circles around ______ ______ or Haversian canals.

4. Which of the following is not an area in the human body where intramembranous bones

are formed?

a. Skull

b. Foot

c. ribs

d. Pelvis

5. The ___________ hormone controls the process of resorption.

6. The ________ hormone controls the process of deposition.

7. What are 5 functions of the skeletal system.

8. What is hematopoiesis?

9. Hematopoiesis would occur in which of the following?

a. Foot

b. Yolk sac

c. ear

10. Which of the following does the red bone marrow form?

a. Red blood cells

b. White blood cells

c. Platelets
d. All of the above

11. What is hemoglobin?

12. True or false: The medullary cavity contains the red bone marrow.

13. True or false: Bones are organs.

14. The bones of the skeletal system are similar in which of the following? (Choose all that

apply)

a. Structure

b. Size

c. Development

d. Shape

e. Function

15. What is the first thing that happens when a bone is fractured?

16. True or false: Another word for a blood clot is a hematoma.

17. True or false: A compound fracture is a broken bone not sticking out through the skin.

18. What is the difference between a traumatic fracture and a spontaneous fracture?

19. What is the most painful arthritic disease and what does it do?

20. What is the difference between compact bone and spongy bone?

21. True or false: The main thing the epiphyseal plate/disk does is grow.

22. True or false: Another word for the chin is the mandible.

23. True or false: Articular cartilage is made up of hyaline cartilage.

24. How many bones total are there in the human body?

25. True or false: There are different number of phalanges in the upper and lower limbs.

26. A ______ is a tube-like passageway within a bone.


27. The diaphysis is composed of:

a. Medullary cavity

b. Compact bone

c. Yellow marrow

d. All of the above are correct

28. Where is the periosteum located?

29. True or false: Compact bone does not have calcium.

30. True or false: There are 12 vertebral bones and 5 thoracic bones.

31. What can the yellow marrow do if there is a shortage of red marrow?

32. Where are osteocytes located in?

33. True or false: Parts of the skeletal system begin to form during the first few weeks of

prenatal development and bony structures DO NOT continue to develop and grow into

adulthood.

Answers

1. Makes bone hard and resistant to crushing

2. Gives bones strength and resilience

3. Central canals

4. B

5. Parathyroid

6. Calcitonin

7. Support, protection, body movement, blood cell formation, storage of inorganic salts

8. Blood cell formation

9. B
10. D

11. The red, oxygen-carrying pigment in red blood cells

12. False

13. True

14. A, C, E

15. Blood escapes from ruptured blood vessels and forms a hematoma (blood clot)

16. True

17. False

18. A traumatic fracture is when a bone is broken because of injury and a spontaneous

fracture is when a bone is broken because of disease.

19. Rheumatoid arthritis and it inflames and thickens the joint

20. Spongy bone cells dont form around central canals. Compact bone is also more dense

and spongy bone is more network forming and has spaces.

21. True

22. True

23. True

24. 206

25. False

26. Meatus

27. D

28. Outer layer of the bone

29. False

30. True
31. It can turn into red marrow

32. Lacunae

33. False