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Government Unit Exam: Answer Key

1. What are the three branches of government?

a. Executive, Political, Judicial
b. Legislative, Executive, Judicial
c. Legislative, Judicial, Democratic

2. What is the definition of a law?

_A law is a system of rules that a community recognizes as regulating the actions of its

3. What is the function of the Legislative Branch?

a. Make laws
b. Enforce laws
c. Veto laws

4. The Legislative Branch includes Congress or __Senate__ and __House of


5. There are __2__ senators per state.

6. What is a bill?
a. A law
b. A ticket
c. An idea for a law

7. True or False: A bill becomes a law once it is passed through congress and approved by
the president.

8. What is a political cartoon?

_A drawing made for the purpose to communicate an opinion on politics._
9. What does it mean to veto a bill?
a. The president approves a bill
b. The president rejects a bill
c. The president does nothing with a bill

10. What fraction of congressmen need to vote on a bill to overturn a presidential veto?
a. 1/3
b. 2/3
c. 3/3

11. What building did we visit during our virtual field trip with the Obama family?
a. The Smithsonian
b. The Lincoln Memorial
c. The Liberty Bell
d. The White House

12. Where does the president of the United States work?

a. The Washington Monument
b. The Betsy Ross House
c. The Oval Office
d. City Hall

13. Who is the commander of the Executive Branch?

a. The President
b. The Secret Service
c. The Vice President

14. Who is the current president of the United States?

a. Barack Obama
b. George W. Bush
c. Donald Trump

15. The Supreme Court includes a Chief Justice and ___ associate Justices
a. Five
b. Eight
c. Three
d. Nine
16. Supreme Court Justices are appointed by the ___________.
a. Senate
b. Congress
c. President
d. House of Representatives

17. How long do Supreme Court Justices serve for?

a. 8 years
b. 10 years
c. 3 months
d. However long they choose

18. A __________ is an individual, company, or institution accused in a court of law.

a. Defendant
b. Plaintiff
c. Judge
d. Jury

19. The ________ Branch of Government reviews and interprets the laws.
a. Executive
b. Legislative
c. Judicial
d. None of the above

20. A _______ case is a case in which two parties have a disagreement about a certain topic
or event.
a. Civil
b. Criminal
c. Bankruptcy
d. Family

21. What does checks and balances mean?

a. Giving people money
b. Making sure that each branch of the government is getting equal opportunity
c. Weighing the money that the government makes
d. Writing out checks to the branches of government
22. What order of branches does a bill go through to become a law?
1. Legislative
2. Judicial
3. Executive

23. What was the purpose of the new classroom law?

a. Ten extra minutes of group work
b. No homework on Mondays
c. Fifteen extra minutes of independent reading
d. Dress down every Friday