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# Pune University Soft Computing Exam

Papers
B.E. (E & TC) SOFT COMPUTING (2008 Pattern) (Sem. II) (Elective III)

Time :3 Hours]

## Instructions to the candidates:-

1) Question Nos. 1 and 12 are compulsory. Out of the remaining attempt 2 questions from
Section I and 2 questions from Section II.

## 4) Pigures to the right indicate full marks.

5) Use of logarithmic tables, slide rule, Mollier charts, electronic pocket calculator and
steam tables is allowed.

SECTION I

## a) Applications of Soft Computing.

b) Hybrid systems.

## d) Compare and contrast hard and soft computing.

OR

Q2) a) Define a fuzzy set and explain the concept of a fuzzy number. What is the significance of
fuzziness. [8]

b) Consider two fuzzy sets A and B find Complement, Union, Intersection, Difference,
and De Morgans laws: [8]

=1 2 3 4 5 6 J

=1 2 3 4 5 6 J

characteristics.
[8]

_l 5 7 9 J

## A = j 1 2 3 J, using Mamdani Implication rule and max-min

composition.
[8]

OR

Describe the architecture of a Mamdani type Fuzzy Logic Controller and compare it with a
conventional PID controller. [8]

What are the principal design parameters of a Fuzzy Logic Controller? Explain with a suitable
example. [8]

What are the advantages of Fuzzy Logic Controller over that of a conventional
controller. [8]

Explain the Sugeno Fuzzy Inference Model with a suitable example. [8]

OR

Define the following terms with reference to fuzzy inference systems: [6]

i) Premise (Antecedent)

iii) Rule base.

Given two
rules:
[IO]

## RULE 2 : if height is MEDIUM, then speed is MODERATE

The fuzzy sets for height (in feet) and speed (in m/s) are:

## f0.5 0.8 11 f0.4 0.7 0.91

H = TALL = j - \, S = HIGH =

567J1 I 579 J

SECTION II

## Q7) a) State the various learning rules in neural networks. [8]

b) Using Mc-Culloch Pitts neuron, implement a bipolar AND function. Assume initial
weights to be [I I]. [8]

OR

Q8) a) What is a perceptron network? State the algorithm for perceptron learning.

[8]

b) Train a perceptron network for learning a binary OR gate function. Work out two
complete iterations. [8]
Q9) a) Explain backpropagation algorithm for MLP with a neat signal flow graph. [8]

b) Enlist the various activations functions used in neural networks and explain any two in
details. [8]

OR

QIO) State the applications of artificial neural networks and explain any two in details. [IT]

## QII) a) Explain unsupervised learning mechanism in contrast with a supervised learning

mechanism. [8]

b) Describe the Self Organizing Map architecture and explain the Kohonen model. [8]

OR

## Q12)Write notes on (any two) [18]

a) Architecture of ANFIS