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ALTERNATING CURRENT

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EXERCISE # 1
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Q.1 The frequency of AC mains in India is -

[1] 50 Hz [2] 60 Hz [3] 314 Hz [4] not fixed

Q.2 The average power dissipated is pure inductance is -

1 2
[1] LI [2] I2XL [3] LI2/4 [4] zero
2
Q.3 In a circuit containing an inductance of zero resistance the current lags behind the applied AC voltage by
a phase angle equal to -

[1] 90 [2] 45 [3] 30 [4] 0

Q.4 The power factor of LCR circuit at resonance is -

[1] 0.707 [2] 1 [3] 0.5 [4] zero

Q.5 The power in ac circuit is given by P = Erms Irms cos . The value of power factor cos in LCR circuit at
resonance is -

[1] zero [2] 1 [3] 1/2 [4] 1/ 2

Q.6 The peak value of the 220 V AC mains (in volts) is -

[1] 155.6 [2] 220.0 [3] 311.1 [4] 440.0

Q.7 If the instantaneous current in an AC circuit is given by i = 2 cos (t + ) ampere then the rms value of
the current is -

[1] 2A [2] 2 A [3] 2 2 A [4] zero A

Q.8 In an ac circuit, the current is given by i = 4 sin (100 t + 30) ampere. The current becomes maximum
first time (after t = 0) at t equal to -

[1] (1/200) sec [2] (1/300) sec [3] (1/50) sec [4] none of the these

Q.9 In the above question, what is the phase of the current at t = 0.5 sec. (in radians) -

[1] /6 [2] 301/6 [3] 50 [4] none of these

Q.10 In an ac circuit the current is given by i = 0.5 sin (314 t + 60) milliampere. Then peak to peak value of
current is-

[1] 0.5 A [2] 1.0 A [3] 0.5 mA [4] 1.0 mA

Q.11 In the above question, the average value of the current over one cycle is -

[1] 0.25 3mA [2] 0.25 mA [3] 0.25 3 mA [4] zero

Q.12 In an electric circuit applied ac emf is e = 20 sin 300t volt and the current is i = 4 sin 300 t ampere. The
reactance of the circuit is -

[1] 5 ohm [2] 80 ohm [3] 1.8 k [4] zero

Q.13 An ac generator of 200 V rms is connected to a circuit. What should be the voltage tolerance of the component
used in the circuit -

[1] 200 V [2] 200 2 V [3] 200/ 2 [4] none of the above
ALTERNATING CURRENT
Q.14 An inductor of negligible resistance and inductance 100 mH is connected to an ac source of 62.8 volt and
frequency 1 kHz. The current in the inductor is -

[1] zero [2] 100 mA [3] 0.63 mA [4] none of the above

Q.15 A 120V, 60 W lamp is connected to a 120V, 60 Hz ac source. The peak current in the lamp is (about) -

[1] 0.7 A [2] 1.0 A [3] 0.5 A [4] 1.4 A

Q.16 An AC source is rated 220V, 50 Hz. The average voltage is calculated in a time interval of 0.01s. it -

[1] must be zero [2] may be zero [3] in never zero [4] is (200/ 2 V)

Q.17 The magnetic field energy in an inductor changes from maximum to minimum value in 10 ms, when connected
to an AC source. The frequency of the source is -

[1] 25 Hz [2] 50 Hz [3] 100 Hz [4] 200 Hz

Q.18 An AC source rated 200 V (rms) supplies a current of 10 A (rms) to a circuit. The average power delivered
by the source -

[1] must be 2 KW [2] may be 2 KW or less [3] may be 2 KW or more [4] none of the above

Q.19 The time required for a 50 Hz alternating current to increase from zero to 70.7% of its peak value is -

[1] 2.5 ms [2] 10 ms [3] 20 ms [4] 14.14 ms

Q.20 A steady dc current of 2.83 A is flowing in a resistance wire. The rms value of this current is -

[1] 2.83 A [2] about 2A [3] about 4A [4] undefined for dc

Q.21 A series AC circuit has a resistance 4 and a reactance of 3. Then the impedance of the circuit is -

[1] 5 [2] 7 [3] 12/7 [4] 7/12

Q.22 An alternating current of frequency f is flowing in a circuit containing a resistance R and a choke L in series.
The impedance of the circuit is equal to -

[1] R [2] R + 2 fL [3] [(R2 + 42f2L2)]1/2 [4] R/2 fL

Q.23 An ideal transformer has 200 turns in its primary. An input current of 0.5A gives an output power of 1.0 kW.
To get an output voltage of 200V, the number of turns in the secondary should be -

[1] 20 [2] 100 [3] 200 [4] 2000

Q.24 If the instantaneous current in a circuit is given by i = 2cos (t + ) ampere, the rms value of the current is-

[1] 2 amperes [2] 2 amperes [3] 2 2 amperes [4] zero

Q.25 In fig., two identical bulbs, each with filament resistance 100 are connected to a resistor R = 100 , and
an inductor (XL = 100) as shown . Then which bulb glows more,-

100
R B1

XL=100 B2
~
[1] B1 [2] B2 [3] both glows equally [4] nothing can be predicted
ALTERNATING CURRENT
Q.26 In series LCR circuit, the voltages across R, L and C are shown in fig. The voltage of applied source is -
40V 50V 20V

R L C

~
AC source
[1] 110 volt [2] 10 volt [3] 50 volt [4] 70 volt
Q.27 An alternating voltage of 100V, 50 Hz is applied to a circuit containing a resistor and an inductor. The current
taken is 2A and the power absorbed is 160W. Then the resistance of the resistor in the circuit is -
[1] 40 [2] 50 [3] 30 [4] can not be determined
Q.28 In the above question, the inductive reactance of the circuit is -
[1] 40 [2] 50 [3] 30 [4] can not be determined
Q.29 A coil has a power factor of 0.707 at 60 Hz. Then its power factor at 180 Hz will be -

1
[1] 1/ 2 [2] [3] 1/ 10 [4] none of the above
5
Q.30 In an electric circuit the applied alternating emf is given by E = 100 sin (314) volt, and current flowing
I = sin (314t + /3). Then the impedance of the circuit is (in ohm) -

[1] 100 / 2 [2] 100 [3] 100 2 [4] none of the above

Q.31 An LC circuit has a natural frequency f. It capacitance and inductance are both halved then the frequency
would become -
[1] f/4 [2] 2f [3] 4f [4] f/2
Q.32 The potential difference V and the current I flowing through an instrument in an ac circuit are given by
V = cos t volts, I = 2 sin t amperes. The power dissipated in the instrument in -
[1] zero watts [2] 10 watts [3] 5 watts [4] 2.5 watts
Q.33 The rate of heating of a 10A rms alternating current is the same as the rate of heating of a direct current of -

[1] 10 2A [2] 10A [3] 10 / 2 A [4] 5A

Q.34 In a region of uniform magnetic induction B = 102 tesla a circular coil of radius 30 cm and resistance

2 ohm is rotated about an axis which is perpendicular to the direction of B and which forms a diameter of
the coil. If the coil rotates at 200 rpm the amplitude of the alternating current induced in the coil is -
[1] 42 mA [2] 30 mA [3] 6 mA [4] 200 mA
Q.35 In LCR circuit the capacitance is changed from C to 4C. For the same resonant frequency, the inductance
should be changed from L to -
[1] 2L [2] L/2 [3] L/4 [4] 4L
Q.36 The variation of the instantaneous current (I) and the instantaneous emf (E) in a circuit is as shown in fig.
Which of the following statements is correct -

[1] The voltage lags behind the current by /2 [2] The voltage leads the current by /2

[3] The voltage and the current are in phase [4] The voltage leads the current by
ALTERNATING CURRENT
Q.37 In the LCR series circuit the voltmeter and ammeter readings are -
400V 400V

L C

R=50 XL=200 XC=200

100 V, 50 Hz
[1] V = 100 volt, I = 2 amp [2] V = 100 volt, I = 5 amp

[3] V = 300 V, I = 1 amp [4] V = 33.3 V, I = 2/3 A

Q.38 An ac circuit consists of an inductor of inductance 0.5H and a capacitor of capacitance 8F in series. The
current in the circuit is maximum when the angular frequency of ac source is -

[1] 500 Hz [2] 2 105 Hz [3] 4000 Hz [4] 5000 Hz

Q.39 In an A.C. circuit, the instantaneous values of emf and current are e = 200 sin 314 t volts and i = sin
(314 t + /3) ampere. The average power consumed in watts is -

[1] 25 [2] 50 [3] 100 [4] 200

Q.40 An ideal choke takes a current of 8A when connected to an ac source of 100 volts and 50 Hz. A pure resistor
under the same conditions takes a current of 10 A. If two are connected in series to an ac supply of 100
volts and 40 Hz, then the current in series combination of above resistor and inductor is -

[1] 10A [2] 8A [3] 5 (2) amp [4] 10 (2) amp

Q.41 In an ac circuit the phase of current lags the phase of voltage by /3. The elements in the circuit are -

[1] R and L [2] R and C [3] L and C [4] only R

Q.42 In a series LCR circuit R = 3, XL = 11 and XC = 7. The admittance of the circuit is (in mho) -

[1] 5 [2] 0.2 [3] 7 [4] 1/7

Q.43 A charged capacitor of capacitance 0.1 F has been discharged through an inductance 1mH. If the resistance
of the circuit is negligible, the frequency of the electrical oscillations produced is, about -

[1] 8 kHz [2] 16 kHz [3] 24 kHz [4] 32 kHz

Q.44 In a series LCR circuit containing an AC voltage source of frequency , current and voltage are measured.
Then for the resistance, consider the statements -

[a] current is maximum at 2 = 1/LC,


[b] current is minimum at 2 = 1/LC,
[c] voltage across R is maximum at 2 = 1/LC
[d] voltage across R is minimum at 2 = 1/LC
The correct statement is -

[1] a & c are both correct [2] b & d are both correct

[3] a & d are both correct [4] none of these


ALTERNATING CURRENT
Q.45 An alternating emf is applied across a parallel combination of a resistance R, capacitance C and an inductance
L. If IR, IL, IC are the currents through R, L and C, respectively, then the diagram which correctly represents,
the phase relationship among IR, IL, IC and source emf E, is given by -

IL IR IC IR

E E E E
[1] IR [2] IL [3] IR [4] IC

IC IC IL IL

Q.46 In a series LCR circuit, R = 10, L = 0.2H and C = 20 F. Then the resonant frequency of this circuit is

[1] 125 Hz [2] 100 Hz [3] 500 Hz [4] 250/ Hz

Q.47 An ac source of emf 100 volt, is connected to a circuit. The current flowing in the circuit is 2A and is at
a phase difference of 30 with the applied ac emf. Then the wattless current in ampere is -

[1] 100 [2] 1.732 [3] 1.414 [4] 1.000

Q.48 The value of current at half power points is -

[1] 2 Im [2] Im / 2 [3] Im / 2 [4] 2Im

Q.49 The power factor of a good choke coil is nearly -

[1] zero [2] one [3] 0.5 [4] none of the above

Q.50 Which of the following has dimensions different from the other three, -

[1] LC [2] RC [3] L/R [4] LR

Q.51 An ac emf of e = 100 sin (314 t) is connected to a choke of negligible resistance and current oscillations
of amplitude 1A are to be produced. The inductance of the choke should be -

[1] 100 H [2] 1H [3] 1/ H [4] H


Q.52 In an A.C. circuit, V and I are given by V = 100 sin (100 t) volts, I = 100sin 100 t + mA . The power dissipated
3
in circuit is
[1] 104 watt [2] 10 watt [3] 2.5 watt [4] 5 watt
Q.53 In an A.C. dynamo, the peak value of e.m.f. is 60 volts, then the induced e.m.f. in the magnetic field perpendicular
with the coil, will be

[1] 20 volts [2] 30 3 volts [3] 30 volts [4] 45 volts

Q.54 In an A.C. dynamo, the number of turns in the arnature are made four times and the angular velocity 9 times,
then the peak value of induced e.m.f. will become
[1] 36 times [2] 12 times [3] 6 times [4] 18 times
Q.55 The output of a dynamo using a splitting commutator is
[1] D.C. [2] A.C. [3] Fluctuating D.C. [4] Half-wave rectified voltage
Q.56 A current of 3 A is flowing in a coil. The power dissipated by it is 108 watts. If 120 V, 50 Hz A.C. voltage
is applied to the combination R and this coil in series, then the value of R will be
[1] 6 [2] 12 [3] 24 [4] 36
ALTERNATING CURRENT
Q.57 When 100 volts D.C. is supplied across a soleniod, a current of 1.0 amperes flows in it. When 100 volts
A.C. is applied across the same coil, the current drops to 0.5 ampere. If the frequency of inductance of
the solenoid are
[1] 200 and 0.55 henry [2] 100 and 0.86 henry [3] 200 and 1.0 henry
[4] 100 and 0.93 henry
Q.58 A circuit contains an A.C. source and an inductor. The maxima of the voltage occurs at time t = T/4, where
T is the time period. The maxima of the current will occur at time t equal to
[1] zero [2] T/4 [3] T/2 [4] 5T/4
Q.59 In an A.C. circuit, a resistance of R ohm is connected in series with an inductance L. If phase angle between
voltage and current be 45, the value of inductive reactance will be

R R
[1] [2]
4 2

[3] R [4] Cannot be found with the given data


Q.60 A parallel combination of 0.1 M resistor and a 10 F capacitor is connected across a 1.5 V source of negligible
resistance. The time required for the capacitor to get charged upto 0.75 V is approximately
[1] [2] loge 2 [3] log10 2 [4] zero
Q.61 The coefficient of induction of a choke coil is 0.1 H and resistance is 12 . If it is connected to an alternating
current source of frequency 60 Hz, then power factor will be
[1] 0.32 [2] 0.30 [3] 0.28 [4] 0.24
Q.62 In the circuit shown below, the ac source has voltage V = 20 cos(t) volts with = 2000 rad/sec. the amplitude
of the current will be nearest to
V 6
~

5mH, 4 50 F

[1] 2A [2] 3.3A [3] 2 / 5 A [4] 5A

Q.63 The current in a LR circuit builds up to 3/4 th of its steady state value in 4s. The time constant of this circuit
is

1 2 3 4
[1] ln 2 s [2] ln 2 s [3] ln 2 s [4] ln 2 s

Q.64 A resistance of 40 ohm and an inductance of 95.5 millihenry are connected in series in a 50 cycles/second
A.C. circuit. The impedance of this combination is very nearly
[1] 30 ohm [2] 40 ohm [3] 50 ohm [4] 60 ohm
Q.65 A solenoid has an inductance of 60 henrys and a resistance of 30 ohms. If it is connected to 100 volt battey,

e 1
how long will it take for the current to reach 63.2 % of its final value
e

[1] 1 second [2] 2 seconds [3] e seconds [4] 2e seconds


ALTERNATING CURRENT
Q.66 In the circuit shown in fig. neglecting source resistance the voltmeter and ammeter reading will respectively,
will be
V

R=30 XL=25 Xc=25

[1] 0V, 3A [2] 150V, 3A [3] 150V, 6A [4] 0V, 8A


Q.67 There is a 5 resistance in an A.C. circuit. inductance of 0.1H is connected with it in series. If equation of
A.C. e.m.f. is 5 sin50t then the phase differecne between current and e.m.f. is


[1] [2] [3] [4] 0
2 6 4
Q.68 A coil of 200 resistance and 1.0 H inducatnce to an A.C. source of frequency 200/2 Hz. Phase angle between
potential and current will be
[1] 30 [2] 90 [3] 45 [4] 0
Q.69 An AC source is rated 220 V, 50 Hz. The average voltage is calculated in a time interval of 0.01s it.

[1] must be zero [2] may be zero [3] is never zero [4] is (200 / 2 ) V

Q.70 A 50 Hz sinusoidal AC current of peak value 1A flow through the primary of a transformer. If the mutual indutance
between the primary and secondary is 1.5H, then the peak voltage induced in the secondary is
[1] 75 V [2] 220 V [3] 300 V [4] 471 V
Q.71 A 50 Hz AC current of the form shown in fig. with peak value 1A flows through the primary of a transformer.
If the mutual inductance between the primary and secondary is 1.5H, then the peak, voltage induced in the
secondary is (in volts)
I
1

O
T/2 T t
1

[1] 75 [2] 220 [3] 300 [4] 471


Q.72 In fig. two identical bulbs each with filament resistance 100 are connected to a resistor R = 100 , and
and inductor (XL = 100 ), as shown. Then which bulb glows more

[1] B1 [2] B2 [3] both glows equally [4] nothing can be predicted
Q.73 In series LCR circuit, the voltages across R, L and C are shown in fig. The voltage of applied source is

[1] 110 V [2] 10 volt [3] 50 volt [4] 70 volt


ALTERNATING CURRENT
Q.74 A coil has a power factor of 0.707 at 60 Hz. Then its power factor at 180 Hz will be
1
[1] 1/ 2 [2] [3] 1/ 10 [4] none of the above
5
Q.75 The current flowing in a coil is 3 amperes and the power consumed is 108 watts. If the a.c. source is of 120
volts 50 Hz, the resistance in the circuit is
[1] 24 ohms [2] 36 ohms [3] 12 ohms [4] 6 ohms
Q.76 An ideal choke takes a current of 8A when connected to an a.c. source of 100 volt and 50 Hz. A pure resistor
under the same conditions takes a current of 10A. If two are connected in series to an a.c. supply of 100
volt and 40 Hz, then the current in series combination of above resistor and inductor is

[1] 10 A [2] 8 A [3] 5 ( 2) amp [4] 10 ( 2) amp

Q.77 In an ac circuit containing an inductance and a capacitor in series, the current is found to be maximum when
the value of inductance is 0.5 henry and of capacitance is 8 F. The frequency of the input AC voltage must
be equal to
[1] 500 Hz [2] 250/ Hz [3] 1000 Hz [4] 250 Hz
Q.78 In a series RC circuit connected to an ac voltage source, the phase difference between voltage and current
is found to be 60. If the value of the resistance in the circuit is 30, then the capacitive reactance is

[1] 30 [2] 30 2 [3] 30 3 [4] none of the above

Q.79 When 100 volt d.c. is applied across solenoid a current of 1.0amp flows in it. When 100 volts a.c. is applied
across the same coil, the current drops to 0.5 amp. If the frequency of the a.c. source is 50 Hz the impedance
and induct once of the solenoid are
[1] 200 ohm and 0.55 Henry [2] 100 ohm and 0.86 Henry
[3] 200 ohm and 1.0 Henry [4] 100 ohm and 0.93 Henry

Q.80 The current in a circuit varies with time as I = 2 t . Then the rms value of the current for the interval t =
2 to t = 4 sec is

[1] 3A [2] 2 3 A [3] 3 /2A [4] ( 4 2 2 ) A

ANSWER KEY EXERCISE # 1

Qus. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Ans. 1 4 1 2 2 3 2 2 2 4 4 4 2 2 1
Qus. 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Ans. 2 1 2 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 3 1 3 3 2
Qus. 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
Ans. 2 1 2 3 3 2 1 1 2 3 1 2 2 1 3
Qus. 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Ans. 4 4 2 1 4 3 3 3 1 3 2 1 3 3 2
Qus. 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75
Ans. 2 1 2 3 2 4 3 3 2 4 3 2 3 3 3
Qus. 76 77 78 79 80
Ans. 3 2 3 1 2
ALTERNATING CURRENT
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EXERCISE # 2
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Q.1 The potential difference V across the current I flowing through an instrument in an A.C.circuit of frequency
f are given by V = 5 cos t volts and I = 2 sin t ampere (where = 2f). The power dissipated in the instrument
is - [MP PET-1999]
[1] zero [2] 10 watts [3] 5 watts [4] 2.5 watts


Q.2 In an A.C. circuit, V and I are given by V = 100sin (100 t) volts, I = 100 sin 100 t + mA. The power dissipated
3
in circuit is - [RPET-1999]
[1] 104 watt [2] 10 watt [3] 2.5 watt [4] 5 watt
Q.3 Alternating current can not be measured by D.C. ammeter because - [MP PET-1999]
[1] A.C cannot pass through D.C ammeter [2] Average value of complete cycle is zero
[3] A.C. is virtual [4] A.C. changes its direction
Q.4 If the reading of A.C. voltmeter is 200 volts. The peak value of potential difference is - [MP PET-1999]
[1] 200 volts [2] 280 volts [3] 282.8 volts [4] 284.6 volts
Q.5 A choke coil has - [RPET-1999]
[1] High inductance and low resistance [2] Low inductance and high resistance
[3] High inductance and high resistance [4] Low inductance and low resistance

Q.6 If instantaneous current is given by i = 4 cos (t + ) amperes, then the r.m.s value of current is -

[1] 4 amperes [2] 2 2 amperes [RPET-2000]

[3] 4 2 amperes [4] zero amperes

Q.7 Choke coil is used to control - [CPMT-1994]


[1] A.C. [2] D.C. [3] Both A.C and D.C [4] Neither A.C nor D.C.
Q.8 The phase angle between e.m.f and current in LCR series A.C. circuit is - [MP PET-1998]
[1] 0 to /2 [2] /4 [3] /2 [4]
Q.9 A generator produces a voltage that is given by V = 240 sin 120t, where t is in seconds. The frequency and
r.m.s voltage are - [MP PET-1993]
[1] 60 Hz and 240 V [2] 19 Hz and 120 V [3] 19 Hz and 170 V [4] 754 Hz and 70 V
Q.10 In a transformer 220 A.C. voltage is increased to 2200 Volts. If the number of turns in the secondary are
2000, then the number of turns in the primary will be - [MP PET-1993]
[1] 200 [2] 100 [3] 50 [4] 20
Q.11 The number of turns in the primary and the secondary turns of a transformer are 1000 and 3000 respectively.
If 80 volts A.C. is supplied to the primary coil of the transformer, then the potential difference/turn of the secondary
coil would be - [CPMT-1990]
[1] 240 V [2] 2400 V [3] 0.24 V [4] 0.08 V
Q.12 When 100 volts D.C. is supplied across a solenoid, a current of 1.0 ampere flows in it. When 100 volts
A.C. is applied across the same coil, the current drops to 0.5 ampere. If the frequency of A.C. source is
50 Hz then the impedance and inductance of the solenoid are - [CPMT-1990]
[1] 200 and 0.55 henry[2] 100 and 0.86 henry [3] 200 and 1.0 henry [4] 100 and 0.93 henry
ALTERNATING CURRENT
Q.13 A sinusoidal A.C. current flows through a resistor of resistance R. If the peak current is Ip then the power
dissipated is - [MP PMT-1991]

1 2 4 2 1
[1] Ip2R cos [2] IpR [3] IpR [4] Ip2R
2 2
Q.14 cos in the A.C. circuit is called - [RPET-1991]

[1] phase factor [2] power factor [3] form factor [4] frequency factor

Q.15 An alternating emf is applied to purely capacitive circuit. The phase relation between emf and current flowing
in the circuit is or In a circuit containing capacitance only - [AIIMS-1997]

[1] emf is ahead of current by /2 [2] Current is ahead of emf by /2

[3] Current lags behind emf by [4] Current is ahead of emf by

Q.16 An alternating current of frequency f is flowing in a circuit containing a resistance R and a choke L in series.
The impedance of this circuit is - [RPET-2001,03]

[1] R + 2fL [2] R 2 + 4 2 f 2L2 [3] R 2 + L2 [4] R2 + 2fL

Q.17 A resonant A.C. circuit contains a capacitor of capacitance 106 F and an inductor of 104 H. The frequency
of electrical oscillations will be - [RPET-2001,03]

10 5 10
[1] 105 Hz [2] 10 Hz [3] Hz [4] Hz
2 2

Q.18 The r.m.s value of an A.C. of 50 Hz is 10 amp. The time taken by the alternating current in reaching from
zero to maximum value find the peak value will be - [Karnataka CET-2003]

[1] 2 102 sec and 14.14 amp [2] 1 102 sec and 7.07 amp

[3] 5 103 sec and 7.07 amp [4] 5 103 sec and 14.14 amp

Q.19 An inductive circuit contains resistance of 10 and an inductance of 20 H. If an A.C. voltage of 120 V and
frequency 60 Hz is applied to this circuit, the current would be nearly - [CPMT-1990]

[1] 0.32 ampere [2] 0.016 ampere [3] 0.48 ampere [4] 0.80 ampere

Q.20 An A.C. of frequency f is flowing in a circuit containing only a choke of inductance L. If V0 and I0 represent
the peak value of the voltage and the current respectively, then the average power given by the source to
the choke is equal to - [CPMT-1978]

1 1 2 1
[1] I 0 V0 [2] I 0 (2fL ) [3] zero [4] V0 (2fL )
2 2 2
Q.21 The peak value of an alternating e.m.f E is given by E = E0 cos t is 10 volts and its frequency is 50 Hz.
1
At time t = sec, the instantaneous e.m.f is - [MP PMT-1990]
600
[1] 10 V [2] 5 3 V [3] 5 V [4] 1 V

Q.22 In the figure shown, a current of 2 amperes flows in the circuit. The impedance of the circuit is - [RPMT-1997]

240V 100V

[1] 170 [2] 70 [3] 130 [4] 120


ALTERNATING CURRENT

1
Q.23 A resistance of 300 and an inductance of henry are connected in series to a A.C. voltage of 20 volts

and 220 Hz frequency. The phase angle between the voltage and current is - [Roorkee-1980]

4
[1] tan1 [2] tan1 3 [3] tan1 3 [4] tan1 2
3 4 2 3

Q.24 An inductance of 1mH, a condenser of 10 F and a resistance of 50 are connected in series. The reactances
of inductor and condenser are same. The reactance of either of them will be - [RPET-2001]

[1] 100 [2] 30 [3] 3.2 [4] 10

Q.25 A 100 % efficient transformer has 100 turns in the primary and 25 turns in its secondary coil. If the current
in the secondary coil is 4 amp., then the current in the primary coil is - [MP PMT-1990]

[1] 1 amp [2] 4 amp [3] 8 amp [4] 16 amp

Q.26 The adjoining figure shows two bulbs B1 and B2, resistor R and an inductor L. When the switch S is turned
off - [CPMT-1989]
R S
B1

L
B2

[1] Both B1 and B2 die out promptly [2] Both B1 and B2 die out with some delay

[3] B1 dies out promptly but B2 with some delay [4] B2 dies out promptly but B1 with some delay

Q.27 An alternating voltage E = 200 2 sin (100 t) is connected to a 1 microfarad capacitor through an A.C. ammeter.
The reading of the ammeter shall be - [UPSEAT-2000]

[1] 10 mA [2] 20 mA [3] 40 mA [4] 80 mA

Q.28 An A.C circuit consists of an inductor of inductance 0.5 H and a capacitor of capacitance 8 F in series.
The current in the circuit is maximum when the angular frequency of A.C. source is - [CPMT-1986]

[1] 500 Hz [2] 2 105 Hz [3] 4000 Hz [4] 5000 Hz


Q.29 If a current I given by I0 sin t flows in an A.C. circuit across which an A.C. potential of E = E0 sin t has
2

been applied, then the power consumption P in the circuit will be - [MP PET-2001,02]

E0I0 E 0I0
[1] P = [2] P = 2E 0 I 0 [3] P = [4] P = 0
2 2

Q.30 In a region of uniform magnetic induction B = 102 tesla, A circular coil of radius 30 cm and resistance 2 ohm is
rotated about an axis which is perpendicular to the direction of B & which forms a diameter of the coil. If the coil
rotates at 200 rpm the amplitude of the alternating current induced in the coil is - [CBSE-1990]

[1] 42 mA [2] 30 mA [3] 6 mA [4] 200 mA

Q.31 An inductive circuit contains a resistance of 10 ohm and an inductance of 2.0 henry. If an A.C. voltage of 120 volt
and frequency of 60 Hz is applied to this circuit, the current in the circuit would be nearly - [MP PET-2002]

[1] 0.32 amp [2] 0.16 amp [3] 0.48 amp [4] 0.80 amp
ALTERNATING CURRENT
Q.32 In a LCR circuit having L = 8.0 henry, C = 0.5 F and R = 100 ohm in series. The resonance frequency
in per second is - [CPMT-1990]

[1] 600 radian [2] 600 hertz [3] 500 radian [4] 500 hertz


Q.33 In an A.C. circuit the instantaneous values of e.m.f and current are e = 200 sin 314 t volt and t = sin 314 t +
3

ampere. The average power consumed in watt is - [RPMT-1997]

[1] 200 [2] 100 [3] 50 [4] 25

Q.34 An inductance L and a resistance R are first connected to a battery. After some time the battery is disconnected
but L and R remain connected in a closed circuit. Then the current reduces to 37% of its initial value in -

R L 1
[1] RL sec [2] sec [3] sec [4] sec[MP PMT-1994]
L R LR

Q.35 L, C are R denote inductance, capacitance and resistance respectively. Pick out the combination which does
not have the dimensions of frequency - [MP PMT-1994]

1 R 1 C
[1] [2] [3] [4]
RC L LC L
Q.36 An alternating current is given by the equation i = i1 cos t + i2 sin t. The rms current is given by -

[MP PMT-1994]

1 1 1 1 2 2 1/ 2
[1] (i1 + i2 ) [2] (i1 + i2 )2 [3] (i12 + i22 )1/ 2 [4] (i1 + i2 )
2 2 2 2


Q.37 In an A.C circuit, the current is given by i = 5 sin 100 t ampere and the A.C. potential is V = 200 sin
2

(100t) volt. Then the power consumption is - [CPMT-2002]

[1] 20 watts [2] 40 watts [3] 1000 watts [4] 0 watt

Q.38 If an 8 resistance and 6 reactance are present in an A.C. series circuit then the impedance of the circuit
will be - [MP PMT-2002]

[1] 20 ohm [2] 5 ohm [3] 10 ohm [4] 14 2 ohm

Q.39 The number of turns in the primary coil of a transformer is 200 and the number of turns in the secondary coil is
10. If 240 volt AC is applied to the primary, the output from the secondary will be - [JIPMER-2002]

[1] 48 V [2] 24 V [3] 12 V [4] 6 V

Q.40 An LCR circuit contains R = 50 , L = 1 mH and C = 0.1 F. The impedance of the circuit will be minimum
for a frequency of - [Bihar MEE-1995]

10 5 1 10 6 1
[1] s [2] s [3] 2 105 s1 [4] 2 106 s1
2 2

Q.41 A series A.C. circuit consist of an inductor and a capacitor. The inductance and capacitance is respectively
1 henry and 25 F. If the current is maximum in circuit then angular frequency will be - [RPMT-1999]

[1] 200 [2] 100 [3] 50 [4] 200/2


ALTERNATING CURRENT
Q.42 An ac source is rated at 220V, 50 Hz. The time taken for voltage to change from its peak value to zero is-
[Orissa JEE-2003]
[1] 50 sec [2] 0.02 sec [3] 5 sec [4] 5 103 sec
Q.43 An ideal transformer has 500 and 5000 turn in primary and secondary windings respectively. If the primary
voltage is connected to a 6V battery then the secondary voltage is - [Orissa JEE-2003]
[1] 0 [2] 60 V [3] 0.6 V [4] 6.0 V
Q.44 In a primary coil 5A current is flowing on 220 Volts. In the secondary coil 2200 V voltage produces. Then
ratio of number of turns in secondary coil and primary coil will be - [RPET-2003]
[1] 1 : 10 [2] 10 : 1 [3] 1 : 1 [4] 11 : 1
Q.45 There is a 5 resistance in an A.C. circuit. Inductance of 0.1 H is connected with it in series. If equation
of A.C. emf is 5 sin 50t then the phase difference between current and e.m.f is - [RPET-2003]


[1] [2] [3] [4] 0
2 6 4

Q.46 An inductor of inductance L and resistor of resistance R are joined in series and connected by a source of
frequency . Power dissipated in the circuit is - [RPET-2003]

(R 2 + 2L2 ) V 2R V R 2 + 2L2
[1] [2] [3] 2 2 2 [4]
V
2
(R + L ) 2 2 (R + L ) V2

Q.47 A LC circuit is in the state of resonance. If C = 0.1 F and L = 0.25 henry. Neglecting ohmic resistance
of circuit what is the frequency of oscillations - [BHU-2003]
[1] 1007 Hz [2] 100 Hz [3] 109 Hz [4] 500 Hz
Q.48 If the value of potential in an A.C. circuit is 10V, then the peak value of potential is - [CPMT-2003]

10 20
[1] [2] 10 2 [3] 20 2 [4]
2 2

Q.49 In a A.C. circuit of capacitance the current from potential is - [CPMT-2003]


[1] Forward [2] Backward
[3] Both are in the same phase [4] None of these
Q.50 A coil of 200 resistance and 1.0 H inductance is connected to an A.C source of frequency 200/2 Hz.
Phase angle between potential and current will be - [MP PMT-2003]
[1] 30 [2] 90 [3] 45 [4] 0
Q.51 Alternating current can not be measured by D.C. ammeter because [AIEEE-2004]
[1] D.C. ammeter will get damaged [2] A.C. changes direction
[3] Average value of current for complete cycle is zero [4] A. C. can not pass through D.C. ammeter
Q.52 The self inductance of the motor of an electric fan is 10H. In order to impart maximum power at 50 Hz, it
should be connected to a capacitance of [AIEEE-2005]
[1] 1F [2] 2F [3] 4F [4] 8F
Q.53 A circuit has a resistance of 12 ohm and an impedance of 15 ohm. The power factor of the circuit will be
[AIEEE-2005]
[1] 1.25 [2] 0.125 [3] 0.8 [4] 0.4

Q.54 The phase difference between the alternating current and emf is . Which of the following cannot be the
2
constituent of the circuit - [AIEEE-2005]
[1] L, C [2] L alone [3] C alone [4] R, L
ALTERNATING CURRENT

Q.55 In a series resonant LCR circuit, the voltage across R is 100Volts and R = 1k with C = 2F. The resonant
frequency is 200 rad/s. At resonance the voltage across L is - [AIEEE-2006]

[1] 40 V [2] 250 V [3] 4 103V [4] 2.5 102V

Q.56 An inductor (L = 100mH), a resistor (R = 100) and a battery (E = 100V) are initially connected in series
as shown in the figure. After a long time the battery is disconnected after short circuiting the points
A and B. The current in the circuit 1ms after the short circuit is - [AIEEE-2006]

A B
E

[1] eA [2] 0.1 A [3] 1 A [4] 1/e A

Q.57 A coil of inductive reactance 31 has a resistance of 8. It is placed in series with a condenser of capacitative
reactance 25. The combination is connected to an a.c. source of 110 volt. The power factor of the circuit
is [CPMT-2006]

[1] 0.64 [2] 0.80 [3] 0.33 [4] 0.56

Q.58 A transistor-oscillator using a resonant circuit with an inductor L (of negligible resistance) and a capacitor
C in series produce oscillations of frequency f. If L is doubled and C is changed to 4C, the frequency will
be - [CPMT-2006]

[1] 8f [2] f/2 2 [3] f/2 [4] f/4


Q.59 In an a.c. circuit the voltage applied is E = E0 sin wt. The resulting current in the circuit is I = I0 sin (t ) .
2
The power consumption in the circuit is given by [AIEEE 2007]

E 0 I0 E 0 I0
[1] P = [2] P = zero [3] P = [4] P = 2 E 0 I0
2 2

Q.60 What is the value of inductance, L for which the current is a maximum in a series LCR circuit with C = 10mF
and w = 1000s1 . [CPMT-2007]
[1] 10mH [2] 100mH [3] 1mH
[4] cannot be calculated unless R in known

ANSWER KEY EXERCISE # 2


Qus. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Ans. 1 3 2 3 1 2 1 1 3 1 4 1 2 2 2
Qus. 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Ans. 2 3 4 2 3 2 3 1 4 1 3 2 1 4 3
Qus. 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
Ans. 2 3 3 3 4 3 4 3 3 1 1 4 1 2 3
Qus. 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Ans. 2 1 2 1 3 3 1 3 4 2 4 2 2 2 2