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Part 1. Load Estimating | Chapter 3. Heat Storage, Diversity And Stratification

TABLE 12-STORAGE LOAD FACTORS, HEAT GAIN-LIGHTS* Lights On 10 Hourswith Equipment Operating 12, 16 and 24 Hours, Constant Space Temperature

 

EQUIP.

   

OPER-

WEIGHT

ATION

(lb per sq ft

 

NUMBER OF HOURS AFTER LIGHTS ARE TURNED ON

 
 

Hours

of floor area)

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

Fluorescent Lights Exposed

 

150

& over

.37

.67

.71

.74

.76

.79

.81

.83

.84

.86

.87

.29

.26

.23

.20

.19

.17

.15

.14

.12

.11

.10

.09

.08

24

100

.31

.67

.72

.76

.79

.81

.83

.85

.87

.88

.90

.30

.26

.22

.19

.16

.15

.13

.12

.10

.09

.08

.07

.06

 

30

.25

.74

.83

.88

.91

.94

.96

.96

.98

.98

.99

.26

.17

.12

.08

.05

.04

.03

.02

.01

.01

.01

0

0

 

150

& over

.60

.82

.83

.84

.84

.84

.85

.85

.86

.88

.90

.32

.28

.25

.23

.19

               
 
  • 16 .46

100

.79

.84

.86

.87

.88

.88

.89

.89

.90

.90

.30

.26

.22

.19

.16

 

30

.29

.77

.85

.89

.92

.95

.96

.96

.98

.98

.99

.26

.17

.12

.08

.05

 

150

& over

.63

.90

.91

.93

.93

.94

.95

.95

.95

.96

.96

.37

                       
 
  • 12 .57

100

.89

.91

.92

.94

.94

.95

.95

.96

.96

.97

.36

 

30

.42

.86

.91

.93

.95

.97

.98

.98

.99

.99

.99

.26

Fluorescent

 

150

& over

.34

.55

.61

.65

.68

.71

.74

.77

.79

.81

.83

.39

.35

.31

.28

.25

.23

.20

.18

.16

.15

.14

.12

.11

Lights Recessed in Susp. Ceiling or Exposed Incandescent Lights.

 
  • 24 .24

100

.56

.63

.68

.72

.75

.78

.80

.82

.84

.86

.40

.34

.29

.25

.20

.18

.17

.15

.14

.12

.10

.09

.08

 

30

.17

.65

.77

.84

.88

.92

.94

.95

.97

.98

.98

.35

.23

.16

.11

.07

.05

.04

.03

.02

.01

.01

0

0

 

150

& over

.58

.75

.79

.80

.80

.81

.82

.83

.84

.86

.87

.39

.35

.31

.28

.25

               
 
  • 16 .46

100

.73

.78

.82

.82

.82

.83

.84

.85

.87

.88

.40

.34

.29

.25

.20

 

30

.22

.69

.80

.86

.89

.93

.94

.95

.97

.98

.98

.35

.23

.16

.11

.07

 

150

& over

.69

.86

.89

.90

.91

.91

.92

.93

.94

.95

.95

.50

                       
 
  • 12 .58

100

.85

.88

.88

.90

.92

.93

.94

.94

.94

.95

.48

   

30

.40

.81

.88

.91

.93

.96

.97

.97

.98

.99

.99

.35

Fluorescent or Incandescent

 

150

& over

.23

.33

.41

.47

.52

.57

.61

.66

.69

.72

.74

.59

.52

.46

.42

.37

.34

.31

.27

.25

.23

.21

.18

.16

Lights Recessed in Susp. Ceiling and Ceiling Plenum

  • 24 .17

100

.33

.44

.52

.56

.61

.66

.69

.74

.77

.79

.60

.51

.37

.37

.32

.30

.27

.23

.20

.18

.16

.14

.12

Return System.

30

0

.48

.66

.76

.82

.87

.91

.93

.95

.97

.98

.52

.34

.16

.16

.11

.07

.05

.04

.02

.02

.01

0

0

 

150

& over

.57

.64

.68

.72

.73

.73

.74

.74

.75

.76

.78

.59

.52

.42

.42

.37

               
  • 16 .47

100

.60

.67

.72

.74

.77

.78

.79

.80

.81

.82

.60

.51

.37

.37

.32

30

.07

.53

.70

.78

.84

.88

.91

.93

.95

.97

.98

.52

.34

.16

.16

.11

 

150

& over

.75

.79

.83

.84

.86

.88

.89

.91

.91

.93

.93

.75

                       
  • 12 .68

100

.77

.81

.84

.86

.88

.89

.89

.92

.93

.93

.72

30

.34

.72

.82

.87

.89

.92

.95

.95

.97

.98

.98

.52

These factors apply when maintaining a CONSTANT TEMPERATURE in the space during the operating period. Where the temperature is allowed to swing, additional storage will result during peak load periods. Refer to Table 13 for applicable storage factors. with lights operating the same number of hours as the time of equipment operation, use a load factor of 1.00.

Lights On for Shorter or Longer Period than 10 Hours Occasionally adjustments may be required to take account of lights operating less or more than the 10 hours on which the table is based. The following is the procedure to adjust the load factors:

A-WITH LIGHTS IN OPERATION FOR SHORTER PERIOD THAN 10 HOURS

and the equipment operating 12, 16 or 24 hours at the time of the overall peak load, extrapolate load factors as follows:

  • 1. Equipment operating for 24 hours:

    • a. Use the storage load factors as listed up to the time the lights are turned off.

    • b. Shift the load factors beyond the 10 th hour (on the right of heavy line) to the left to the hour the lights are turned off. This leaves last few hours of equipment operation without designated load factors.

    • c. Extrapolate the last few hours at thee same rate of reduction as the end hours in the table.

  • 2. Equipment operating for 16 hours:

    • a. Follow the procedure in Step 1, using the storage load factor values in 24-hour equipment operation table.

    • b. Now construct a new set of load factors by adding the new values for the 16 th hour to that denoted 0, 17 th hour to the 1 st hour, etc. b. The load factors for the hours succeeding the switching- off the lights are as in Steps 1b and 1c.

      • 3. Equipment operating for 12 hours: Follow procedure in Step 2, except in Step 2b add values of 12 th hour to that designated 0, 13 th hour to the 1 st hour, etc.

  • B-WITH LIGHTS IN OPERATION FOR LONGER PERIOD THAN 10 HOURS and the equipment operating 12, 16 or 24 hours at the time of the overall peak load, extrapolate load factors as follows:

    • 1. Equipment operating for 24 hours:

      • a. Use the load factors as listed through 10 th hour and extrapolate beyond the 10 th hour at the rate of the last 4 hours.

      • b. Follow the same procedure as in Step 1b of “A” except shift load factors beyond 10 th hour now to the right, dropping off the last few hours.

  • 2. Equipment operating for 16 hours or 12 hours:

    • a. Use the load factors in 24-hour equipment operation table as listed through 10 th hour and extrapolate beyond the 10 th hour at the rate of the last 4 hours.

    • b. Follow the procedure in Step 1b of “A” except shift the load factors beyond 10 th hour now to the right.

    • c. For 16-hour equipment operation, follow the procedure in Steps 2b and 2c of “A”.

    • d. For 12-hor equipment operation, follow the procedure in Step 3 of “A”.

  • Part 1. Load Estimating | Chapter 3. Heat Storage, Diversity And Stratification TABLE 12-STORAGE LOAD FACTORS,