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Adani Khairina Hakimah


Indonesias Future of Aviation Industry

The aviation sector in Indonesia has a bright future with great potential. With an
estimated population of 255 million people, Indonesia is the worlds fourth most populous nation
after China, India and the USA, and it is also the largest market in Southeast Asia as its
population makes up 40% of the 625 million combined population of the ten ASEAN countries.
Being an archipelago comprising over 17,000 islands and with poor land-based transport
infrastructure and vast maritime area, Indonesia naturally needs air travel for the mobility of its
people and goods, and aviation is vital to Indonesia and its economy. Additionally, the World
Bank forecasts that Indonesia's economy will grow by 5.3% in 2017, which is higher than the
average growth of the global economy of 2.8%.

In 2017, President Jokowi's Cabinet agreed to prioritize 5 sectors: Infrastructure,

Tourism, Maritime, Energy and Food sectors. The Ministry of Transportation will prioritize
infrastructure development programs, especially accessibility that supports the tourism sector,
including developing airports close to the leading tourist destinations such as: Ahmad Yani
Airport (Semarang), Adi Sumarmo Airport (Solo), Adi Sucipto Airport (Yogyakarta), Lombok
International Airport, Ngurah Rai Airport (Denpasar), Eltari Airport (Kupang), Komodo Airport
(Labuan Bajo), Abdulrahman Saleh Airport (Malang), Juanda Airport (Surabaya), Pitu Airport
(Morotai), Sultan Babullah Airport (Ternate), Sam Ratulangi Airport (Manado), Soekarno Hatta
Airport (Tangerang), Halim Perdana Kusuma Airport (Jakarta), Kualanamu Airport (Medan),
Silangit Airport and Ferdinan Lumban Tobing Airport (Sibolga), Matahora Airport (Wakatobi),
Haluoleo Airport (Kendari), Sultan Hasanuddin Airport (Makassar), and H As. Hanandjoedin
Airport (Tanjung Pandan). The Directorate General of Civil Aviation received a total budget of
8.9 Trillion Rupiah ($685 billion) in 2017, and part of it will be used for infrastructure
Therefore, Indonesia needs a better airplane and also a better airport. As for airport,
Indonesia needs a better facilities to increase tourism. Skyscanner issued a report about the
prediction of the future of travel. Part two predictions of the future of this travel mentions the
future of airports and flights in the next 10 years. According to predictions, in 2024, the airport
will be very advanced. The plane will become a cyber hub where travelers can create a
comfortable room. According to Skyscanner, the future of an airport trip is fully automated and
passengers will take full control, eliminating check-in at the desk and the queue so as to speed up
the check-in process.

Departure room will be the beginning of the holiday experience with the entertainment
room that can be soothing. From a survey conducted by Skyscanner, it was found that 43% of
passengers were happy to see an open park or beach as part of their experience. The report also
predicts, this convenience Center will be equipped wall and interactive floor that provides its
own experience.

Skype-style hologram system is estimated to be available when the on-board which

allows passengers to do the 3D talk with friends and family during the flight. Sonic disorder will
be embedded in the passenger seat to prevent other travelers heard conversations that are taking
place and the haptic glove would allow them to shake hands with business associates when talks
3D, feel the pressure of touch when shakes hands. Armchair travelers will offer various
morphing comfort level based on individual preferences and will be a combination of a mobile
living room and virtual office, accompanied by music and movie data, multimedia.

As for airplane, Indonesia has more than 17,000 islands that means it needs a flight that
be able to take off on a coast for a better distributions on various area even in remote area.
Therefore, Indonesia needs an efficient electric aircraft. Eviation unveiled its all-electric light
aircraft, the aircraft is using distributed propulsion with one main pusher propeller at the tail and
two pusher propellers at the wingtips. A total of 6,000 pounds of lithium-ion batteries provide
power for the plane, designed to carry up to nine passengers for a range of 600 miles.

The new aircraft from Eviation will help to catalyze demand for new battery and rapid
recharging technologies that are crucial to enable electric flight. Electric planes, with no need for
oil changes, engine rebuilds, or expensive jet fuel, could cut operating costs and make the dream
of private air travel a little more affordable someday. Also, there is an opportunity to run a plan
to start using electric aircraft as air taxis in the future.

There is also a possibility that there will be pilotless airplane in the future. Passenger
planes could be flown without a pilot in the next decade, according to a new study. The research
was conducted by investment bank UBS, which found that new technology is being developed
that would make remotely flying an aircraft feasible in the near future. Pilotless planes could
save airlines 27 billion and slash fares for passengers, who could see prices drop by over 10 per
cent. The report said that the average percentage of total cost and average benefit that could be
passed onto passengers in price reduction for the US airlines is 11 per cent. Savings on European
flights would be less at an average of 4 per cent. The biggest savings will come from reducing
the cost of employing pilots. UBS estimated that pilots cost the industry 24 billion a year. The
study predicts flights will be safer as the potential for pilot error will be removed.

Indonesias aviation sector still offers huge investment opportunities for domestic and
foreign investors. There are lots of potential routes that are not yet fully facilitated especially to
regions outside Java such as in Kalimantan and Papua. However, the countraints still remain
including regulatory issues and poor airline management as well as the failure of the countrys
infrastructure and human resources to keep pace with the growing number of passengers and
flights. If we can develop the potential have, surely we will become a much powerful nation.

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