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Chapter 1: Healthy lifestyle Baby vaccination

Aspect of healthy lifestyle *After birth= BCG +Hepatitis B


*2 mth= DPT +IPV+ hepatitis B
*Diet *4 mth= pneumococcal
-follow food pyramid *8mth= flu vaccine
-reduce sugar/sodium /fat *12mth=MMR
*Sleep *13 mth* chickenpox
-need 7 to10 unbroken hrs of sleep
*12 years old =HPV (IF GIRL)
-suggested soft music
*Exercise
-atleast 30 min/day
*Relax Chapter 2: communicable diseases
-can be anything that release stress *Communicable diseasde s acontagious disease
-relieves muscle/headache/indigestion/HBP and is spread by germ/pathgen,virus
Healthy lifestyle benefit *hygiene is key to defeat these foreign
pathogens
*Weight control *Germs=microbes
*Improved mood *Bacteria= strep throat,urine tract infection,TB
- *Virus=Common cold,,AIDS
dopamine,endorphine,oxytoxin(neurotransmitt *Fungus=Ringworm,athete foot,lung
ers) infection/nervous infection
*Combat diseases( talk about BP,HDL,LDL) *Parasite=malaria(mosquito bite), animal faeces
*Boost energy
*Improve longevity How they spread

*DIRECT : body fluid(blood/saliva/etc)


Screening tests
*INDIRECT: touching surface touched by
* BP measure infected person
*cholesterol test *VECTORS: insect/animal bite
* diabetes test *AIRBORNE=air spread
*pap smear(cervic cancer) *FOOD/WATER : contaminated consumable
*colonoscopy( colorectal cancer)
EXAMPLE COMMUNICABLE
Unhealy lifestyle consequence
* Nutrient deficiency *Common cold
* chronc disease( *Flu
cardivasculat,hypertension,diabetes) *Pneumonia
*weight incresase/loss aka BMI probz *TB
*Hepatitis ABCDE
*dommino effect ( after 30 heart
disease+diabetes+BP+cholesterol stroke) *STD
*HIV/AIDS
COMMON COLD HEPATITIS
A B C D E
*Symptoms: cough,sore Source shit Blood/ Blood Blood/ shit
throat,runningnose,sneeze,fever fluid / fluid
*cured in 7-10,worst 3 week fluid
*depend buddy immunity
Chronic N Y Y Y N
*transfer medium: aerosol,nasals
secretion/fomite(contaminated object) Prevention

Ensure safe drinking water


behaviour modification
Blood Donor screening
*Prevention :mask/hygiene/hand wash

Immunization;risk
Post exposure

Post exposure

Post exposure
immunization

immunization
FLU

Pre/

Pre/

Pre/
*symptom similar to cold+muscle
fatigue+tiredness
*may last more than two week
*transfer by air commonly
*Influenza ABC
Prevention : like cold+vaccination
*HEPATITIS B is the most common
* Vaccination should be given to:
PNEUMONIA
-sexually active adult over legal age included
*inflammatory condition affecting alveoli
LGBT
*fluid enters alveoli
-Druggy
*caussed by bacteria/virus/fungus/parasite
-Doctor/nurse etc
*cough/chestpain/fever/asthma
-dialysis patient
*a lot of phlegmic cough
- a ho who fucks HBV chronic patient
gastric
*appetite loss
*muscle fatigue
*always starts from upper tract to lower tract STD
*Prevention : vaccination, be aware of
*aka STI/Venereal disease
surrounding,treat other related problem well
* from anal/vaginal/oral :VOA
* most got no symptom
HEPATITIS *therefore ,got rrisk we give others as well
* liver inflammation condition * some times got vaginal /penile discharge,
*imflammator cell presence in organ/tissue genital ulcer,pelvic pain
*acute hepatitis> chronic hepatitis> liver failure
TRANSMISSION
*symptom:
* bacteria( chlamyida/gonrrhoea/syphilis)
(fever,diarrhoea,ache,nausea,headache)
*fungus(candidiasis-yeast)
in worst case (appetiteloss,jaundice,dark
* parasite( scabies)
urine,abdominal discomfort)
*protozoa(trichomoniasis)
*For chronic level +weakness+tiredness
STD VIRAL DRUG MISUSE
*hepatitis B & C *not following medicine instructon label
*Herpes.skin and mucosal/maybe got *using someone elses medicine
symptom maybe not *taking extra dose
- HSV1(cold sore) *not stooping medicine even after doctor stop
-HSV2(genital sore) *only way to prevent self control
*HIV-fluid
*HPV(human papillomavirus)-sim/mucosal COMMON DRUG ADDICTION
**nicotine
PREVENTION *alcohol
*pakai condom *psychi active drug
*get a sti checkup before sex *weed
*avoid body fluid contact *coke
*narcotics
NEISSERIA GONORRHOEA
*M to F > 0.5 to 0.9 WHY PEOPLE MISUSE?
*F to M> 0.2 to 0.8 *stress
* can make man a bastard *early physical /sexual abuse
*urethral tissue damge in men *violece witnessing/trauma
*Women get PID(pelvic inflammatory disease) * friend influence
*baby get ophthalmia neonatorum aka *drug avalability
conjunctivitis
SIDE EFFECT
ZOONOSIS *upset stomach+drowsy+insomniac+headache
* animal to human disease *hearburn +nausea
*influenze hln1 h5n1 *asthma,sweeling in different body arts,hearing
*rabies loss
*mad cow disease
*dengue POSSIBILITY
*reverse zoonosis/anthroponosis (human to * fatality
animal) *addiction
*seizures
DRUG ABUSE * ehydration
*all medicines are drugs but not all drugs ar *brain damage
medicine.
* 2 medicine type THIS MAY FURTHER LEAD TO
-prescription-need doctor sign * getting communicable disease
-oveer the counter-can simply buy *health problem(physical+mental)
*road accident
*suicide
*family problem
CHAPTER 5 :MENTAL HEAL& INTERPERSONAL AVOIDING STRES
RELATIONSHIP *AVOID, ALTER,ADAPT,ACCEPT
* RELAX
*EXERCISE
STRESS
*EAT HEALTHY
*normal physical response to event that makes *GET SLEEP
us feel threatened or upset.
*it happens solely to protect us ANOREXIA NERVOSA
*when working properly, allows us to focus,be *refus to maintain healthy body mass
energetic and alert. *fear of gaining weight
*distorted b0dy image
2type
-restrictive(weight loss by not eating+over
exercise)
-purging(eat then vomit/use laxativd/diuretic)
* anorexic people dont give adamn about
health,they only want to be thin
*being thin no#1 priority above anything

TREATMENT
*change mindset about food eating
*eat more
* be healthy
*develop self esteem in ther sense
*antidepressant
*anipsychotic
*mood stabiliser

ANXIETY
*panic disorder
*social anxiety
*phobias
*generalised anxiety disorder(over exaggerating
small things and provoke anxiety)

SYMPTOM OF ANXIETY
*panic;/fear/uneasy
*insomnia
*moms spaghetti
*nausea
*muscle tension
*dizzy/muscle tension/cannbe be calm
GENETIC DISORDER THALASSEMIA
*posible to find out in womb itself *body has fewer RBC and haemoglobin tha
*2 type usual.
-single gene disorder this causes trouble in oxygen tansport
-multifactorial disorder *parent inheritance
-starts from parenbt dna to kids chromosome. *children slow growth
*weak brittle bone
OVARIAN CANCER *yellow skin/daark urine/heart problems
* Ovarian cancer happens when cells that are *TREATMENT:blood transfusion,folic acid,
not normal grow in one or both of your ovaries, AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE
two small glands located on either side of your *An autoimmune disease is a condition in which
uterus.
your immune system mistakenly attacks your
*happens mostly to women after menopause body.
*caused by DNA change *The immune system normally guards against
*pelvic pain,stomach bloating,urinary problem germs like bacteria and viruses. When it senses
*chemotherapy,surgical removal these foreign invaders, it sends out an army of
DOWN SYNDROME fighter cells to attack them.
*ie it cannot differentiate between foreign or
*happens when an indidual has errror in cell own cell
division,a normal person has 46 chromosome *some only target 1 eorgan..ehemtype1
but with down 47; 1 extra diabetes
*short life span *treatment:immune suppressing drug,non
*mental abilities varies streroidal anti inflammatory drug
* take time to larn simple thing like
walking/crawling compared to other baby TYPES OF A/I DISEASES
*abnormal body features *TYPE 1 DIABETES
*no cure,lifelong condiytion *rheumatoid arthritis
*psoriasis
SICKLE CELL ANEMIA *multiple sclerosis
*INGERITED BLOOD DISESE *Hashimoto thyroiditis
* RBC is in crescent shape *Inflammatory bowel disease
*this rigid cells clog small blood capillaries
*causes oxygen flow disrupted to tissues symptoms
*infection/anaemia/jaundice/chest pain *fatigue
*rash
*sweling +redness
*numbness
*hairloss
* low grade fever
ASTHMA VITAMINS AND SUPPLEMENT

*Asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames *Vitamins are essential organic nutrients,
and narrows the airways. required in small amounts
*caused by flu/snus/allergic/environment *They cannot be synthesized by the body. Must
*symptom:wheezing,coughing ,chest be obtained by outside sources like diet, rumen
tightness,breathing difficulty bacteria & sun
*treatment: inhalers to oral medications to *Required for growth, maintenance and normal
drugs delivered in a nebulizer or breathing function
machine/ventolin, anyting that helps relieve *VITAMIN =/=energy
coughing
FAT SOLUBLE
* tissue stored
DIABETES *A D E K
* TYPE 1 :genetic,kids
*type 2: old people WATER SOLUBLE
*gestational diabetes:pregnant *not stred in tuusue,so need constant supply
*insipidus * (B ) ( B1,B2) (B6,B12)
*low insulin production from pancreas *Tiu niacin
* woosh now you have diabetes *folic acid
*treatment give insulininjection *C

OBESITY
*fattass
*cause by unhealthy lifestyle
*live by healthy lifestyle

GOUT DISEASE
*Gout is a type of arthritis that causes
inflammation, usually in one joint, that begins
suddenly
*swolen joint,joint pain,joint redness
*caused by too much uric acid in the
bloodstream and accumulation of uric acid
crystals in tissues of the body.
*deposits in joint
*treatment anti inflammatoryinjcection,change
in food diet,avoid purine rich food.
HIV