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Design of pile foundation

Design of pile foundation

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Name : V SANTHOSH KUMAR End bearing Strength of pile: Qb (sand) = Ap (0.5D N + PDNq)

Cross sectional area of pile AP =

=

Assignment-I

AP = 0.283m2.

1. A driven pile of 0.6m diameter is driven into 3 layers of soil profile as shown in

= 11.19 kN/m3

figure. Find the safe vertical compressive load carrying capacity of the pile.

From IS 6403: 1981 N from Table 1

Solution:

N

Given data,

35 48.03

40 109.41

N = 84.86

Nq = 90

Critical Depth

30 15D

40 20D

8 the Critical Depth is 19D

Qu = Qb(sand) + Qf1(sand) + Qf2(clay) + Qf3(sand)

Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I

= 118.77 kN

2 C2 As2

Qb(sand) = Ap (0.5D N + PDNq) [From Fig.2, IS 2911 Part-1 / Section 3]

Qf1 = Qf1(Sand) As2 L

For = 11.304 m2

= 39.095 KN = 517.158KN

= 3.14x0.5x5

38

= 9.42m2

IS 2911 , Note 3

(Note 4, IS 2911 Part-1 / Section 3)

K = 1+((2-1)/5)x8

Tan

= 1.8

Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I

= 3.14x0.6x7

= 13.188 m2

= 1.8x158.875xTan38x13.1888

= 2946.26 kN

=3105.44+212.37+517.158+2946.26

= 6781.228 kN

Qsafe = [Assume Factor of Safety for pile is 3] The ultimate load capacity of pile: Qu = Qb + Qf1 + Qf2 + Qf3

=

End bearing Strength of pile: Qb(Stiff Clay) = Ap Nc cp

= 2712.49 kN

Safe load bearing capacity of pile (Qsafe) is 2712.49 kN

=

shown in figure. Find the safe vertical compressive load carrying

capacity of the pile. = 0.385 m2

Cp = 100 kPa

Qb(Stiff Clay) = Ap Nc cp

Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I

Qf1(Medium Clay) = 1 C1 As1 Surface area of pile for respective layer (Asi)

As1 = = 10.99 m2

= 15.386 m2 = 1.3x160.975xTan36x10.99

Surface area of pile for respective layer (Asi)

Piles)

= 13.188 m2

K

30 1 Qf(Silt Clay) = 3 C3 As3

40 1.5

= 0.43x100x13.188

= 567.084 kN

Value of K for 36

The ultimate load capacity of pile

K= 1+[(1.5-1)/10]x6

Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I

= 346.5+692.37+1670.94+567.084 A driven pile of 0.6m diameter is driven into three layers of soil profile as shown in figure

Qu = 3276.894 kN And the middle layer is soft clay, it causes negative skin friction

Qsafe = [Assume Factor of Safety for pile is 3]

=

End bearing Strength of pile: Qb(dense sand) = Ap (0.5D N + PDNq)

= 1490.75 kN

Cross sectional area of pile AP =

Safe load bearing capacity of pile (Qsafe) 1490.75 kN

3. A driven pile of 0.6m diameter is driven into 3 layers of soil profile as shown in =

figure. Find the safe vertical compressive load carrying capacity of the pile.

AP = 0.283m2.

Solution:

Water table is located at ground level.

Given data

At 3rd Layer sat=21 kN/m3

N from Table 1

N

35 48.03

40 109.41

=39

N = 97.13

Nq = 100

Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I

30 15D

= 1.5x32.07x Tan35x11.31

40 20D

the Critical Depth is 19.5D Qf1(medium sand) = 380.96 kN

PD = (21 9.81)x8 + (20 9.81)x3.7

2 C2 As2

= 127.22 KN

[From fig.2, ( IS 2911 (Part-1 Sec 3)]

Qb(sand) = Ap (0.5D N + PDNq)

2 =1

= 0.283 [(0.5 x 0.6 x (21 9.81) x 97.13) +(127.22 x 100)]

Surface area of pile for respective layer (Asi)

Qb = 3692.60 kN.

As2

Qf1 = Qf(medium Sand)

= 3.14x0.6x7

= K PDi tan si

= 13.19 m2

For 5, K=1.5 [From Fig.1, IS:2911(Part-1 Sec 3)]

Qf2 2 C2 As2

PDi = Effective Vertical Stress at Mid Height at Layer 1

= 1x15x13.19

PDi = (20.5-9.81) x 3

Qf (Soft Clay) = 197.85 kN

= 32.07 kN

Qf3 = Qf3(dense sand)

Surface area of pile for respective layer (Asi)

= K PDi tan si

Asi

= 3.14x0.6x6

39 [IS 2911 Part-1 Sec 3, Note 3]

= 11.31m2

K = 1+((2-1)/10)x9

[ IS 2911 (Part-1 Sec 3) Note 4]

Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I

; [IS 2911 (Part-1 Sec 3) Note 4] 4. A 300 mm square wooden pile is driven 5m below ground level in preloaded clay.

PDi = Effective Vertical Stress at Mid Height at Layer 1 The load is applied is 1m above the ground. Determine the ultimate lateral load that

can applied on a pile shown in figure.

PD3 = 6 x (2.5-9.81) + (20-9.81) x 7 + (21-9.81) x 4

= 180.23 KN Solution:

As3

= 3.14x0.6x8

= 15.08 m2

= 1.9x180.23xTan39x15.08

Width of pile B = 0.3 m

= 7295.47 kN

Pile driven in preloaded clay

Qsafe = [Assume Factor of Safety for pile is 3]

qu=240 kN/m2 ; Mu=100 kNm

=

We can use R factor soil is preloaded clay [I.S. 2911 ,Part-1 , C-2.3.2 ]

Qsafe = 2918.19 kN

Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I

= 1.89

Stiffness factor

= 1.4

E = 109 N/m2

z = 0.742 depth of fixity.

Moment of inertia of pile cross section,

Depth of fixity z = 0.742 m

k1= 43.2 x 103 kN/m3 [ IS. 2911 ,Part-1/Sec-1 , Table 4 ] Given Mu = 100 kNm.

K=28.3 x 103 kN/m3 By reduction factor chart [ IS. 2911 ,Part-1/sec-1 , Figure:4A ]

m = 0.59

R=0.5286 ; M = m x H(e+z)

As length of pile L > 3.5R ; 5 > 3.5 x 0.53 The ultimate lateral load on pile is 97.3 kN

It is a long (elastic) pile [ IS. 2911 ,Part-1/Sec-1 , Table 5 ] The pile head deflection (y) for free head piles

From depth of fixity chart free headed pile [I.S. 2911, Part-1/Sec-1, C-4]

e=1m

Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I

Estimation of steel

For bored cast in-situ piles the minimum required longitudinal steel should be 0.4% [ IS.

y 2911 ,Part-1/Sec-2 , Cl. 6.11 ]

Area of steel As=

0.254 m.

=

5. Design the size and reinforcement for a bored cast in situ pile of structural capacity = 636.17 mm2

of 90 tons, using M25 grade concrete and Fe415 grade steel. Area of steel As =637 mm2

Given Provide laterals 6 mm @ 150 mm centre to centre ( Laterals should not be palced at less

than 150 mm)

Structural capacity of Pile Qs= 90 tons

[ IS. 2911 ,Part-1/Sec-2 , Cl. 6.11 ]

= 90 x 104 N

Specification for mix proportion

Estimation of allowable concrete stress fc = = = 6.25 N/mm2

The minimum cement content is 400 kg/m3 for bored pile and use necessary plasticizers to

Determination of pile diameter for 90 ton capacity get slump value 150mm to 180mm at the time of pouring.

Allowable concrete stress

=

The requires pile diameter is 450mm

Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I

Assume nominal cover length is 45 mm then , if we using minimum 8mm dia laterals and

20 mm dia longitudinal rods the actual cover length from center to center of steel is D=

6. Design reinforce concrete pre cast pile of section 400mm X 400mm of length

8+10+45= 63 (65mm say)

12 m fully embedded in clay having undrained cohesion(c) of 20kPa and

transmitting the load by end bearing. The pile as to carry an axial load by Cover length is 65mm.

750kN

Area of steel according to minimum percentage 1.25

Solution:

As= 1.25% x cross sectional area of pile

Given Length of pile L=12m

As =2000 mm2s

Undrained cohesion c= 20 kPa Using 4 bars of 25 mm diameter gives 1963.5 mm 2 area of steel

The length of pile is maximum 50 times of least width.

Percentage of steel As = = 1.22 < 6 %

[ I.S. 2911 ,Part-1/Sec-3 , Cl. 6.11.4 ]

(Maximum allowed steel percentage in columns IS 456, C-26.5.1)

Length of given pile is less than allowed length.

Load carrying capacity of column pile

Pu=0.4fck(Ac-As) + 0.67fckAs

Pu=0.4x25x(4002-1963.5)+(0.67x415x1963.5)

Pu=2126 kN

Maximum length of pile is allowed for given cross section is 20 m. but given pile length is

12m. The maximum load carrying capacity of pile is more than given load carried by pile

Percentage of steel is 1.25% [ IS. 2911 ,Part-1/Sec-2 , Cl. 6.12.1 ] Check for hoisting and handling moments and shear:

Maximum moments on handling occurs when the pile is picked up at one end

Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I Advance Foundation Design Assignment-I

2

W= 0.4 x 25 x 12 = 48 kN

Mu= = 108 kNm

Spacing = =63mm

Moment of resistance on steel beam theory (neglecting concrete)

As spacing is less than 150 mm, we may use 12 mm dia. bar. (Maximum spacing allowed

MR =0.87 x x fy x(400- 2x65)

is width of pile = 300 mm).

= 0.87x1000x415x(400-130) Area of 12 mm dia bar = 113.09 mm2

MU>MR Volume of each lateral = (400 88) x 4 x 114 = 142.27x 103 mm3

Hence safe in handling moment [ I.S. 2911 ,Part-1/sec-3 , Table 1 ] Number of laterals required = =8.09 8

Spacing = =150mm.

Distribute links as follows:

Reinforcement required for given pile is

3D from ends 0.6% of volume of concrete

4 bars of 20mm diameter length of pile

3D (transition) 03% of volume of concrete

8 no of 12mm dia laterals.

Balance at centre 0.2%

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