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ENM4003-B Academic Year 2017/2018

Engineering Mathematics Exercises 01 Algebra Essentials

EXERCISES ON ALGEBRA ESSENTIALS (REVISION AND PRACTICE)

1.1 INDICES
1. Without using a calculator and leaving your answers as fractions, evaluate:
2 3
3 2
1 2 8 3 1 2
(a) 23 , (b) 170 , (c) 162 , (d) (8)3 , (e) (3) , (f) (27) , (g) (2 4) .

2. Re-write the following expressions in terms of 2 :


2516
(a) 23 42 , (b) 163 24 , (c) 4 .
26

3. Simplify the following expressions:


6 42
(a) 3 3 4 2 , (b) ( 2 )3 , (c) 18 2.

4. Re-write the following expressions in the form :


3 3 2/3
(a) () , (b) 3, (c) .
2

5. Find the value of in the following equations:


65 6 5754 246 1653
(a) = 69 , (b) = 25, (c) = (harder).
36 5 4 2 824

1.2 SURDS
6. Simplify the following expressions:
22+3
(a) 63 12 + 48, (b) (3 + 2)(3 2), (c) 3223.

1.3 EXPANDING ALGEBRA


7. Simplify and factorise the following expressions:
(a) 2 + 2 2 + 3 2 , (b) 5 2 + 5 3 2 3, (c) 15 2 10 7 2 .
8. Expand, and where possible simplify, the following expressions:
(a) (2 + 3)(3 5), (b) (3 4)3 , (c) 5( 2 3 4) 2( + 3)2 .
9. Factorise the following expressions:
(a) 16 2 + 24, (b) 15 2 + 10 20, (c) 6 2 2, (d) 16 2 49 2 ,
(e) 2 + 2.
10. Express the following expressions as simple fractions:
3 2 1 3 1 2(+4) 2530 2 2 7 32 23
(a) +4, (b) 2(+4) + (+4)2 2, (c) 216 , (d) ( +7) + 249, (e) .
5 27+12

11. Solve the following equations for :


5(2) 1 2(3)
(a) 12( + 2) (4 + 5) = 13, (b) = 4, (c) = 1.
6 2 3

University of Bradford Page 1.1 Faculty of Engineering and Informatics


Prof AS Wood 2017
ENM4003-B Academic Year 2017/2018
Engineering Mathematics Exercises 01 Algebra Essentials

ANSWERS
1.1 INDICES
1 4 8
1. (a) , (b) 1, (c) 64, (d) 4, (e) 9, (f) , (g) .
8 9 27

2. (a) 27 , (b) 28 , (c) 25 .


2
3. (a) 12 4 3 , (b) 6 , (c) .
3
3 7 5
4. (a) 2 , (b) 2 , (c) 3 .
3
5. (a) = 6, (b) = 9, (c) = 2.

1.2 SURDS
18+76
6. 83, (b) 1, (c) .
24

1.3 EXPANDING ALGEBRA


7. (a) 2(2 + ), (b) (2 1)( + 3), (c) 2(4 5).
8. (a) 6 2 15, (b) 27 3 108 2 + 144 64, (c) 5 3 17 2 32 18.
9. (a) 8(2 + 3), (b) 5(3 + 2 4), (c) (3 2)(2 + 1), (d) (4 + 7)(4 7),
(e) ( 2)( + ).
+12 (+1)(+6) 2(56) 7( 2+214) (+1)
10. (a) (+4), (b) , (c) , (d) , (e) .
2(+4)2 4 ( 249) 4
3
11. (a) = 4 (b) = 14, (c) = 3.

University of Bradford Page 1.2 Faculty of Engineering and Informatics


Prof AS Wood 2017