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You are on page 1of 2

1.1 INDICES

1. Without using a calculator and leaving your answers as fractions, evaluate:

2 3

3 2

1 2 8 3 1 2

(a) 23 , (b) 170 , (c) 162 , (d) (8)3 , (e) (3) , (f) (27) , (g) (2 4) .

2516

(a) 23 42 , (b) 163 24 , (c) 4 .

26

6 42

(a) 3 3 4 2 , (b) ( 2 )3 , (c) 18 2.

3 3 2/3

(a) () , (b) 3, (c) .

2

65 6 5754 246 1653

(a) = 69 , (b) = 25, (c) = (harder).

36 5 4 2 824

1.2 SURDS

6. Simplify the following expressions:

22+3

(a) 63 12 + 48, (b) (3 + 2)(3 2), (c) 3223.

7. Simplify and factorise the following expressions:

(a) 2 + 2 2 + 3 2 , (b) 5 2 + 5 3 2 3, (c) 15 2 10 7 2 .

8. Expand, and where possible simplify, the following expressions:

(a) (2 + 3)(3 5), (b) (3 4)3 , (c) 5( 2 3 4) 2( + 3)2 .

9. Factorise the following expressions:

(a) 16 2 + 24, (b) 15 2 + 10 20, (c) 6 2 2, (d) 16 2 49 2 ,

(e) 2 + 2.

10. Express the following expressions as simple fractions:

3 2 1 3 1 2(+4) 2530 2 2 7 32 23

(a) +4, (b) 2(+4) + (+4)2 2, (c) 216 , (d) ( +7) + 249, (e) .

5 27+12

5(2) 1 2(3)

(a) 12( + 2) (4 + 5) = 13, (b) = 4, (c) = 1.

6 2 3

Prof AS Wood 2017

ENM4003-B Academic Year 2017/2018

Engineering Mathematics Exercises 01 Algebra Essentials

ANSWERS

1.1 INDICES

1 4 8

1. (a) , (b) 1, (c) 64, (d) 4, (e) 9, (f) , (g) .

8 9 27

2

3. (a) 12 4 3 , (b) 6 , (c) .

3

3 7 5

4. (a) 2 , (b) 2 , (c) 3 .

3

5. (a) = 6, (b) = 9, (c) = 2.

1.2 SURDS

18+76

6. 83, (b) 1, (c) .

24

7. (a) 2(2 + ), (b) (2 1)( + 3), (c) 2(4 5).

8. (a) 6 2 15, (b) 27 3 108 2 + 144 64, (c) 5 3 17 2 32 18.

9. (a) 8(2 + 3), (b) 5(3 + 2 4), (c) (3 2)(2 + 1), (d) (4 + 7)(4 7),

(e) ( 2)( + ).

+12 (+1)(+6) 2(56) 7( 2+214) (+1)

10. (a) (+4), (b) , (c) , (d) , (e) .

2(+4)2 4 ( 249) 4

3

11. (a) = 4 (b) = 14, (c) = 3.

Prof AS Wood 2017

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