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There is a park, but there arent any libraries.

4th WEEK Lesson 4A

Are there any supermarkets? No, there arent.

IN THIS UNIT YOU WILL LEARN: En esta unidad usted aprender:

- To ask and give information by using the expression There is and There are. Pedir y dar informacin utilizando la
expresin There is y There are.
- To ask and give information by using some, any and a lot of. Pedir y dar informacin utilizando las expresiones
some, any y a lot of.
- Vocabulary related to places in a city. Vocabulario relacionado con lugares en una ciudad.

Duration: 180 minutes


II. LANGUAGE REFERENCE:

En ingls utilizamos there is y there are para describir sitios o decir dnde estn las
cosas. Significa "hay" pero, a diferencia del espaol, no es invariable. Usaremos:

There is cuando hay una nica cosa


There is one supermarket in this city. (Hay un supermercado en esta ciudad.)

There are cuando hay ms de una


There are three parks in this city. (Hay tres parques en esta ciudad.)

THERE IS
Se utiliza cuando hay una nica cosa, por tanto, ir acompaado de.

1. Sustantivos contables en singular. Los sustantivos van acompaados del artculo


indefinido a / an o del numeral one. No ponemos el artculo definido the con there is.

There is a hotel in the city. (Hay un hotel en la ciudad.)


There is one biscuit in the box (hay una galleta en la caja)
There is the pen on the table (hay el lpiz encima de la mesa)

2. Sustantivos incontables. Los sustantivos incontables suele ir acompaados de


cuantificadores como some, a lot of...

There is some milk in the fridge (hay algo de leche en el frigorfico)

THERE ARE

Se utiliza cuando hay ms de una cosa, por tanto, lo usaremos con sustantivos contables
en plural. En este caso los sustantivos suelen ir acompaados de un cuantificador
como some, a lot of... o de un numeral.

There are three hotels in this city. (Hay tres hoteles en esta ciudad.)
There are four bedrooms in the house (Hay cuatro habitaciones en la casa.)

Cuidado
Recordar que hay plurales irregulares que aunque no lleven la -s son plural y, por tanto, se
utilizan con there are.

There are a lot of people in the bank. (Hay mucha gente en el banco.)
There is a lot of people in the bank. X
NEGATIVE FORM - FORMA NEGATIVA

La forma negativa de there is y there are se formar de dos maneras:

1. Aadiendo not = there is not, there are not

Contable singular There is not a gym in this city. (No hay un gimnasio en esta ciudad.)
Incontable There is not any milk on the fridge (No hay leche en el frigider.)
Contable plural There are not any bus stations here. (No hay ninguna estacin de bus
aqu.)
Contable plural There are not four stadiums. (No hay cuatro estadios.)

2. utilizando la contraccin isn't y aren't = there isn't, there aren't

Contable singular There isn't a gym in this city. (No hay un gimnasio en esta ciudad.)
Incontable There isn't any milk on the fridge. (No hay leche en el frigider.)
Contable plural There aren't any bus stations here. (No hay ninguna estacin de bus
aqu.)
Contable plural There aren't four stadiums. (No hay cuatro estadios.)

Mucho cuidado!
En negativas, para indicar que no hay nada de algo utilizaremos ANY con incontables y
con contables en PLURAL.

Incontable (there isn't) There isn't any milk on the fridge.


Contables en plural (there aren't) There aren't any bus stationS here.
There isn't any bus station here. X

INTERROGATIVE FORM - FORMA INTERROGATIVA

Del mismo modo que hacemos con el verbo to be en presente, pondremos primero el verbo
to be, es decir, is o are, y despus aadiremos there Is there...? Are there...?

Is there a bank? (Hay un banco?)


Yes, there is
No, there isn't / there is not

Is there any milk on the fridge? (hay leche en el frigider?)


Yes, there is
No, there isn't / there is not

Are there any libraries in your street? (hay alguna biblioteca en tu calle?)
Yes, there are
No, there aren't / there are not
III. VOCABULARY
Match the words to the pictures. Relacione las palabras con las figuras.

BANK CINEMA FLORISTS CHEMISTS PETROL STATION

AIRPORT BUTCHERS CAF POLICE STATION STADIUM

MUSEUM FIRE STATION GREENGROCERS BOOK SHOP BAKERS

HOSPITAL HOTEL HAIRDRESSERS PARK LIBRARY

THEATRE GYM BUS STOP AMUSEMENT PARK SCHOOL

TOMADO DE: https://www.englishwsheets.com/places%20in%20a%20city%20matching%20exercise%20vocabulary%20worksheet.pdf


IV. PRACTICE:
Exercise 4: Read the sentences. Select CORRECT or INCORRECT.
a) There are one hospitals. CORRECT INCORRECT

b) There is a park? CORRECT INCORRECT

c) There arent any libraries. CORRECT INCORRECT

d) Are there two parks? CORRECT INCORRECT

e) There isnt a bus station. CORRECT INCORRECT

Exercise 5: Complete the sentences. Circle the correct option.

a) There arent____ book stores. any some a lot of

b) There are _____ parks in this city. There are 20! any some a lot of

c) There are _____ people at the gym. any some a lot of

d) There are _____ cars a the petrol station. Only 3. any some a lot of

e) There arent _____ parks in that city. any some a lot of

Exercise 6: Complete the sentences. Use: is / are / isnt / arent.

a) There ______________________ any restaurants here.

b) ______________________ there any swimming pools?

c) There ______________________ a lot of parks.

d) ______________________ there a bus station?

e) There ______________________ some people at the supermarket.


Exercise 7: Turn the sentences into affirmative, negative or interrogative ones.
LINKS

VIDEO: There is / There are


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkFTyHrbl4w

VIDEO: There is / There are (some any a lot of)


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nJ90Jgk4xDw

VIDEO: There is / There are


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z7bziqhef0s

VIDEO: There is / There are (En Espaol)


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=clWu9f23lOs

EJERCICIOS EXTRA Y RESPUESTAS


http://www.autoenglish.org/gr.there.pdf

http://classroomswithoutwalls.weebly.com/uploads/4/3/3/9/4339739/there_1.pdf

http://zsschool20.ucoz.ua/there-is-there-are.pdf

V. FORUM
Describe the places in your own city. Use there is / There are / some any a lot of