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Wee Sue Wen 0322633 .

Yang Jing Loo 0323066


Tutor: Ar. Sateerah
Project 2:
Application of Building Services
Electrical Supply System

Cold Water and Hot Water Supply System

Sewerage and Sanitary System

Rainwater/ Surface Water Drainage System


Electrical Supply System
METER BOX

-Designed with moisture-proof, water-proof,


corrosion-proof
-Installed outdoors where the environment is
DISTRIBUTION BOARD extremely harsh and tough to provide better
meter-protection
-Three Phase Power Supply System -Good anti-aging performance, with which
-Feeding a balanced and linear loas, the sum of the the
instantaneous currents of the three conductors is zero. protection film is formed for the benefit of
-The current in each conductor is equal in UV-protection.
magnitude to the sum of the currents in the other two, - Effective external force resistance
but with the opposite sign -Anti-tampering function
-Avoid direct contact between meter and
Delivers 415 volts and comes with 4 wires man/animal in case of
(3 active wires and 1 neutral wire) unexpected incident.
- IP54 protection
Location: Interior- Storeroom
TV POINT TELEPHONE POINT POWERPOINT PLUG

-Connector used to connect -Connector used to con- -Voltage is 240 V and the
coaxial cables with each nect a telephone set to frequency is 50 Hz.
other and with terrestrial the telephone wiring inside -Type G is mainly used for the
VHF/UHF roof antennas, a building, establishing a powerpoint plug. 13 amp
antenna signal connetion to a telephone power point plug at 900mm ,
amplifiers, CATV distribution network 300mm and1500mm
equipment, TV sets from floor level are used
and FM / DAB-radio receivers Location: Living Room,
Study Room Location: All Rooms
Location: Living Room
GANG SWITCHES
1 GANG SWITCH
-Switches brought together in a
central spot for convenience.
-One or more supply feeder and
load connections to each device
connected to the bottom side.

Multiway switching is used to


control
2 GANG SWITCH
other electrical loads, such as an
electrical outlet, fans, pumps,
heaters
FLOOR MOUNTED POWERPLUG or other appliances.

-An electrical outlet whose face is level with When the load is controlled from
or recessed into a only two points, single pole,
floor double
-Also known as floor plug. 3 GANG SWITCH throw (SPDT) switches are used.
Floor mounted electrical sockets and boxes
used when there are short of wall space at Double pole, double throw (DPDT)
home especially within workspace where switches allow control from three
power is needed without the worry of a trip or more locations
hazard
Location: All rooms
Location: Study Room
EXHAUST FAN CEILING FAN

-A fan which is used to control the interior -Efficient cooling systems


environment by venting out unwanted odors, partic- -An electric motor within the ceiling fan that
ulates, smoke, moisture, and other contaminants converts electrical energy to mechanical energy
which may be -The blades are used to provide air connected
present in the air with the electric motor.
-Can also be integrated into a heating and cooling
system Location: Bedrooms, Dining, Living, Study Room

Location: Kitchen, Bathrooms


WALL FAN PENDANT LIGHT

-Used to provide airflow for the space -An essential light component
-3 Speed On/Off Pull Switch Control -The fixture hangs from the ceiling
Function and Oscillation control suspended by a chain, cord, or
-Equipped with a durable condenser metal rods.
motor with permanently lubricated
ball-bearing assembly Location: Car Porch

Location: Kitchen
DOWNLIGHT WALL LIGHT

-Also known as recessed light is a light fixture -A type of light fixture affixed to a wall
that is installed into a hollow opening in a ceiling. that it uses only the wall for support
-Recessed downlight for COB -The light is directed upwards
-Aluminium reflector with edge available in two colors -It does not have a base on the ground
-Possible tilt adjustable -Lighting fixtures have an electrical box to
-Seperate order of remote LED driver available be installed.

Location: All Rooms Location: Staircase Area


MS1979 : 2007 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS OF BUILDINGS

4.2.4 COP 07, Requirement of earthing system

The primary requirement of the earthing system is to ensure effective operation of the circuit
protective device. For effective operation of the circuit protective device, the resistance of the
earthing system shall be as low as possible. In installations where RCDs are used as the
circuit protective device, earthing resistance of less than 10 Q will generally ensure effective
operation of the RCDs. However earthing resistance of less than 1 Q is the target.

4.6.9 COP 28, Cables installed behind walls

MS 1979:2007
Where cables are installed buried behind walls, they shall be installed horizontally or vertically
Le. parallel to the edges of the room. Subject to the dimensions of the columns and beams,
they shall be within 150 mm from the top of the walls and 150 mm from the edge of the wall.

4.6.10 COP 29, Mechanical protection for cables within walls

Cables installed within walls shall be provided with mechanical protection such as a conduit.
Direct installation of cables within walls is not allowed.

4.6.11 COP 30, Cables installed within ceiling space

Where cables are installed behind suspended ceilings or the ceiling space under the roof,
they shall be provided with mechanical protection such as being installed within approved
conduits. In addition they shall be installed either parallel or perpendicular to the edges of the
walls.

4.6.13 COP 32, Air conditioner circuits

A circuit intended to supply an air conditioner shall have a socket outlet (an unswitched type
is acceptable) in the vicinity of the air conditioner to facilitate the connection of the circuit to
the apparatus and to facilitate disconnection during maintenance
Cold Water and Hot Water Supply System
MAIN

-Parallel to the street MAIN SHUTOFF VALVE (STOPCOCK) WATER METER


-Large pipe
-Location: Street -Water companys valve/ controls -Measures the amount of
the flow of water indoor and outdoor cold water that flows
-Material: Brass through the pieline into the
building.
-Location: each side of water meter -Located outside the house,
connecting to the main pipe.
WATER TANK ELECTRIC STORAGE WATER HEATER

-Capacity: 400 gallons -Designed to provide hot


-Non-toxic and odourless water for the entire building con-
-Zero maintenance and highly durable sistently, hassle-free
-Seamless one piece construction -Located at the roof level of the
-Stress-free and leak proof building
-Lightweight and strong
-Material: Polyethylene resins
-Location: Roof level
POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC) PIPE

HIGH-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE PIPE -Light Weight


-Corrosion Resistance
-Joined by heat fusion -Durable
-Strong and leak free -Easy Installation
-Corrosion resistance -Used as cold water disitribution pipe
-Can be installed with bends over
uneven terrain easily in continuous
lengths without additional welds or
copling
-Can withstand higher temperature
discharges than PVC
-Used as hot water distribution flow pipe
84. Prevention of dampness
(I) Suitable measures shall be taken to prevent the penetration of dampness and moisture into a building.
(2) Damp proof courses where provided shall comply with BS 743 (materials for Horizontal D.P.C.).
(3) Every brick or masonry wall of a building founded on stripfootings shall be provided with a damp proof course
which shall be-
(a) at a height of not less than 150 millimetres above the surface of the ground adjoining the wall; and
(b) beneath the level of the underside of the lowest timbers of the ground floor resting on the wall, or where the
ground floor is a solid floor, not higher than the level of the upper surface of the concrete or other similar solid mate-
rial forming the structure of the floor.
(4) Where any part of a floor of the lowest or only storey of a building is below the surface of the adjoining ground
and a wall or part of a wall of the storey is in contact with the ground.
(a) the wall or part of the wall shall be constructed or provided with a vertical damp proof course so as to be
impervious to moisture from its base to a height of not less than 150 millimetres above the surface of the ground;
and
(b) an additional damp proof course shall be inserted in the wall or part of the wall at its base.
(5) Where the floor or any part of the walls of a building is subject to water pressure, th.at portion of the floor or wall
below ground level shall be waterproof.

123. Pipes and Service ducts


(1) Where ducts or enclosures are provided in any building to accommodate pipes, cables or conduit the dimen-
sions of such ducts or enclosures shall be-
( a) adequate for the accommodation of the pipes, cables or conduits and for crossings of branches and mains
together with supports and fixing; and
(b) sufficiently large to permit access to cleaning eyes. stop cocks and other controls there 10 enable repairs,
extensions and modifications to be made to each or all of the services accommodated.
(2) The access ,openings to ducts or enclosures shall be long enough and suitably placed to enable lengths of
pipe to be installed and removed.
Sewerage and Sanitary System
BASINS WATER CLOSET

-A bowl-shaped plumbing fixture used for washing Disposes of human excreta (urine and faeces) by
hands, dishwashing, and other purposes. Sinks have using water to flush it through a drainpipe to
taps (faucets) that supply hot and cold water and another location for disposal, thus maintaining a
may include a spray feature to be used for faster rinsing separation between humans and their excreta
-Location in the building:
-Location in the building:
Bathroom 1, Bathroom 2, Bathroom 3
Bathroom 1, Bathroom 2, Bathroom3
BATH TUB

-A large or small container


for holding water in which a person or
animal may bathe
-Made of fiberglass-reinforced polyester
-Usually place in bathroom fixture or in
conjunction with a shower.
SHOWER HEAD

-Place in which a person bathes -Location: Bathroom 2, Bathroom 3


under a spray
-Typically warm or hot water. vhave
temperature, spray pressure and
adjustable showerhead

Location:
Bathroom 1, Bathroom 2, Bathroom 3
MANHOLES

-Made of masonry or RCC chambers con-


structed at suitable intervals along the sewer
lines for providing access into them

-used to carry out inspection, cleaning and


FLOOR TRAP removing obstruction in the sewer line
-allows joining of sewers or changing the
-Provided in the floor to collect direction of sewer or alignment of sewer or
waste water from washbasin, shower, sink both.
and bathroom etc. -allow the escape of considerable gases
-Made of cast iron and have removable through perforated cover and thus help in
grating on the top of the trap ventilation
-minimum depth of water seal should be 50 m of sewage

Location: Location: Underground surrounding the


-Laundry, Wet Kitchen, Bathroom 1, Bathroom 2, house
Bathroom 3
GULLY TRAP
uPVC SOIL PIPE VENT COWL
-Constructed outside the
building to carry waste water and oil -Designed to fit the top of
-Used for fixing water clos-
discharged toilet vent pipes, to reduce
ets in bathrooms
from washbasin, sinks in the kitchen. pan syphoning
-Allow disposal of human
-Depth of water seal -Providing air circulation
excreta
should be 50 mm deep in minimum through tanks where rainwater
-Used for outlet through
-Prevents the is piped directly into the top or
the floor
entry of insects from sewer side of the tank
line to waste pipes carrying waste Location: fixed to water
water Location: Top of every waste
closets in Bathroom 1,
pipe
Bathroom 2, Bathroom 3,
-Location: Underground near the fixed to water closets.
kitchen
uPVC P-SHAPED TRAP
uPVC SCOUR PIPE
uPVC BOTTLE TRAP -Retains a small amount of water -Located: at low points or between
after the fixture's use valved sections of the pipeline
-Used below washbasin -Creates a seal that prevents -To allow periodic flushing of the lines
and sinks sewer gas from to remove sediment and to allow the
-Prevent entry of foul passing from the drain pipes line to be drained for maintenance
gases. back into the occupied space of and repair work.
the building
Location: All Bathrooms under
basins Location: Wet Kitchen,
Dry Kitchen
55. Penalty for making unauthorised drains into public canal or stream.
(1) Any person who without the prior written permission of the local authority -

(a) makes or causes to be made any drain into any of the drains or into any canal or stream
under the control of the local authority;

(b) closes up stops or deviates any drains,


shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding one thousand ringgit, and a Magistrate's
Court on the application of the local authority, shall make a mandatory order requiring the
owner to demolish, alter, re-make or otherwise deal with such drain as the Court thinks fit.

57. Water pipes, etc., not to be used as ventilating shafts.


(1) No water-pipe, stack-pipe or down spout used for conveying surface water from any
premises shall be used or be permitted to serve or to act as a ventilating shaft to any drain or
sewer.

(2) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) shall be liable on conviction to a fine not
exceeding five hundred ringgit and shall also be liable to a further fine not exceeding one
hundred ringgit for every day during which the offence is continued after conviction.

61. Ventilating pipes to sewers.

(1) The local authority may erect or fix to any building such pipes as are necessary for the
proper ventilation of the drains and sewers belonging to it.

(2) Such pipes shall be erected so as not to occasion any nuisance or inconvenience to such
building or any building in the neighbourhood.
Rainwater Drainage System
K-STYLE ALUMINIUM GUTTER CAST ALUMINIUM RAINWATER DOWN PIPE

-Have twice the capacity of their -Used to direct rainwater away from a building,
half-round of the same width typically from roof guttering to a drainage
-Cost up to 50% more per linear foot system
-Material: Aluminium -Typically vertical and extends to ground
-Lightweight and easy to install level.
-Rust resistance
-Section of gutter have decorative -Location: attached to the
shape corners of a gutters

-Location: Perimeter of the roof


DRAIN SUMP METAL PERIMETER DRAIN

-Collects excess surface water from lawn, land- -Installed underground


scape, -Location perimeter of your house.
residential driveways and garages The perforations consist of thousands of
-Collects debris and prevents clogged pipes tiny holes
-Ultraviolet-resistant one-piece injection-molded or slits that allow water to enter the
structural foam polyolefin for maximum strength pipe, and be
-Designed for maximum durability and drainage drained away from the foundation of
the home
-Location: Corner of the building exterior
MS1979 : 2007 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS OF BUILDINGS

10. (1) All plans in respect of any building shall, unless


inapplicable, contain the following:
(v) the complete lines of surface water and foul water
drainage and the point of discharge of the
proposed drains;

49. The person to whom the temporary permit is granted shall be


responsible for-
(b) adjustments to existing cables, pipes and other service or
utility or equipment and for their reinstatement on
completion of the works in accordance with the
requirements of the relevant authorities;

82. (1) Wherever the dampness or position of the site -of a


building renders it necessary, the subsoil of the site shall be
effectively drained or such other steps shall be taken as will
effectively protect the building against damage from moisture.
(2) Where, during the making of an excavation for a building,
existing subsoil drains arc discovered, such drains shall either be
diverted or replaced by pipes of approved material to ensure the
continual passage of subsoil water through such drains in such a
manner as to ensure that no subsoil water entering such drains
causes dampness to the site of the building.