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Concretes with 28-day strength in HSC is specified where reduced weight

excess of 6000psi (42MPa) are referred is important or where architectural
to as high-strength concretes. considerations require smaller load-
carrying elements.
(American Concrete Institute)
HSC helps to achieve more efficient
floor plans through smaller vertical
members and has also often proven to
be the most economical alternative by
reducing both the total volume of
concrete and the amount of steel
High-strength concrete is typically used required for a load-bearing member.
in the erection of high-rise structures. It
has been used in components such as HSC reduces,column and beam
dimensions in a building. Lower dead
columns (especially on lower floors
loads results in reducing the loads
where the loads will be greatest), shear associated with foundation, thus leaner
walls, and foundations. High strengths foundations. Also,carpet area increases
are also used in bridge applications as as the space occupied by the columns
well. decreases.

High-strength concrete reduces slab

311 SOUTH WACKER depths and, therefore, a buildings
DRIVE (969 ft, 71 overall height.
stories) - Worlds
Tallest Concrete High-strength concrete permits
Building utilizing reinforced and pre-stressed concrete
girders to span greater lengths in
Concrete of Strength
highway bridges, also the greater
12,000 psi (83 MPa)
individual girder capacities due to use
of HSC results in decrease in the
number of girders required. Thus, giving
The terms "High performance concrete" an economical advantage.
and "High strength concrete" are often
taken to mean the same thing.
However, as indicated, "High APPLICATION
performance" strictly relates to a
concrete that has been designed to
It is estimated that a 50-story structure
have good specific characteristics, such
as high resistance to chloride ingress or with 4-foot diameter columns using
high abrasion resistance. As a result it 4000 psi concrete can reduce column
may also have a high strength, but this diameters by approximately 33% by
is not the main consideration. using 8000 psi concrete (Peterman).
COMPARISON BETWEEN HIGH closer control and reduced
STRENGTH CONCRETE (HSC) AND variability in concrete
NORMAL STRENGTH CONCRETE (NSC) o Generally, smaller maximum
size coarse aggregate is used
HSC has higher resistance to applied for higher strength concretes
pressures compared to NSC
Water Cement Ratio : HSC= 0.35 or CHEMICAL ADMIXTURES
lower; NSC= 0.4 to 0.6 o Common practice uses
Aggregate Size: HSC- 10 to 20 mm; NSC- superplasticizer in combination
40 mm with a water-reducing retarder.
Higher Modulus of Elasticity o Air-entraining admixtures are
Lower Creep Coefficient not necessary or desirable \

Less deflection
Fracture Surface: HSC- Smooth; NSC-
o Finely divided mineral
admixtures, consisting of fly
HIGH-STRENGTH CONCRETE MATERIALS ash, silica fume and slag
o Use cement yielding highest
concrete strength at extended POZZOLAN
o Fly ash and silica fume are most
ages (91 days)
commonly used mineral
o Cement should have a admixtures in high-strength
minimum 7-day mortar cube concrete.
strength of 30 Mpa o Silica Fume is added to prevent
o All types of cement are the formation of free calcium
applicable hydroxide crystals in the
SAND cement matrix, which reduce
the strength at the cement-
WATER (Low Water-Cement Ratio) aggregate bond.
o Generally in the range of 0.23
to 0.35.

o Coarse aggregate: 9.5 12.5
mm (3/8 1/2 in) nominal
mximum size gives optimum
o Combining single sizes for
required grading allows for