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David Hartbarger

1. Title of Lesson: Introduction to Probability

2. Content Overview: Identifying likely outcomes and sample space
3. 2009 Virginia Standards of Learning
6.16 The student will compare and contrast dependent and independent events
4. Instructional Objective: Students will understand the likelihood of an event happening
given an event
5. Assessment Plan:
Learning Objective UKD# How will it be assessed?
Students will be able to understand U1 Whiteboards/Games
outcomes of an event.
Students will be able to determine D1 Whiteboards/ Exit ticket/ informal
the likelihood of an event. observation
Students will know how to K1 Whiteboards/Games
determine the probability of an
event happening.

6. Materials Needed:
Math Worksheets/Notebook
4x6 Index Cards
Dice
Marbles/Bags
7. Hook/warm up: What is the likely hood of me rolling a dice and getting a heads?
What is the likely hood of me rolling a dice and getting a 7? Or how about a 4?
8. Closure: What I want you to think about today and tonight is how you can use probability
9. Lesson Body and Sequence:
Thoughts/Actions/Questions Questions, Actions, and Strategies

4 min The class will start off with an Students will write down on the
entrance slip. The teacher will have index card their idea of what
two questions written on the board. probability is. Then will then write
1.) What do you think Probability is? down what they think is the
chance of rolling a 6 on a die. If
2.) If I roll a dice, what is the chance they do not know of the likelihood
that it will land on a 6? of rolling a 6 or what probability
Students shall write down their is, then they may leave it blank.
interpretation of what probability is Students may ask what probability
on their index card and then write is, but the teacher shall refrain
down the chance of rolling a six on a from answering till after the index
dice. If students do not have an cards are put away.
answer for either than they may leave
it blank.

Students will put away their index

cards when finished to use the other
side as an exit ticket at the end of
class.
10 min Teacher will go over what theoretical Students will listen and ask
probability is as the chance that some questions they may have about
event will occur. The teacher will likelihood of events happening and
convey that probability is a ratio of the total number of events
favorable outcomes over the total possible. Students will answer
amount of possible outcomes and that questions about the likelihood of
it is some number between 0 and 1. events happening. Students will
Teacher will go over practice then answer questions on page 2 of
problems on page 2 of math notebook the math notebook as the teacher
and students will walk the teacher goes through them.
through the questions.

5 min Students will work on problems 11- Students shall complete questions
16 on page 3 of the math notebook. 11-16 individually to the best of
Students should work individually on their ability. If they have questions
the problems but may ask for help they may ask for help from the
from the person sitting next to them teacher or the person sitting next
or the teacher. to them.

3 min Teacher will go over and check Students will share their answers
problems 11-16 on the board. for questions 11-16 as the teacher
Teacher will also address any goes over them. Students may
misconceptions or problems with write their answer on the
understanding that any student might whiteboard and hold it up for the
have. Teacher may ask students to teacher to see.
write their answer on a whiteboard
and hold them up for quick
assessment.
1 min Teacher will pass out dice and marble Students will stay quiet and patient
activities for the students to play with as the materials get passed out.
to better their understanding of
outcome of events.

8 min The teacher will divide the students Students will have two minutes at
up into 4 groups. Two groups will be each station. Students will answer
doing dice probability problems and the question provided and then do
the other two will be doing marble the activity to see if their answer
probability problems. matches the actual results of
rolling the dice and or picking a
(2 min) 1 die- What is the likelihood marble out of a bag. Students will
of rolling a 4? Make a list of all tally their results of the outcomes
possible outcomes. Roll the dice and at each station.
tally your result after each roll.

(2 min) 2 dice- What is the likelihood

of rolling a sum of 7 with the two
dice? (Think of how many ways you
can roll a 7). Make a list of all the
possible outcomes. Roll the dice and
tally your result after each roll.

(2 min) Marbles bag 1- You have a

bag of marbles of different colors. It
contains 1 clear, 7 red, and 15 blue
marbles. What is the probability of
picking a marble and it being clear?
Make a list of all possible outcomes
and tally your result after each pull.
Place the marble back into the bag
after each try.

(2 min) Marbles bag 2- You have a

bag of marbles of different colors. It
contains 4 clear, 8 red, and 9 blue
marbles. What is the probability of
picking a marble and it being blue?
Make a list of all possible outcomes
and tally your result after each pull.
Place the marble back into the bag
after each try.
3 min Exit Ticket- Students will answer Students will answer the questions
three questions on the back side of posted on the board on the
their index card before leaving the backside of their index cards
classroom. before leaving the class. Students
1. What is probability? should answer to the best of their
2. Give an example of an event that is ability and may ask for
impossible to occur. clarification for any of the
3. There is a 75% chance of it raining questions.
tomorrow. Should I take an umbrella
with me to the JMU football game?

10. Diversity Plan: By using the whiteboards I hope to keep everyone engaged. This also
allows me to see exactly who understands and who does not. I can use this information to clarify
any misconceptions that students may have. They games provide a fun way for the students to
learn and to stay engaged. It also allows me to walk around the classroom and check in on
individual students and get a feel for how students are doing with the material.
1 die-What is the likelihood of rolling a 4? Make a list of all possible
outcomes. Roll the dice and tally your result after each roll.

2 dice- What is the likelihood of rolling a sum of 7 with the two dice?
(Think of how many ways you can roll a 7). Make a list of all the
possible outcomes. Roll the dice and tally your result after each roll.

Marbles bag 1- You have a bag of marbles of different colors. It contains

1 clear, 7 red, and 15 blue marbles. What is the probability of picking a
marble and it being clear? Make a list of all possible outcomes and tally
your result after each pull. Place the marble back into the bag after each
try.

Marbles bag 2- You have a bag of marbles of different colors. It contains

4 clear, 8 red, and 9 blue marbles. What is the probability of picking a
marble and it being blue? Make a list of all possible outcomes and tally
your result after each pull. Place the marble back into the bag after each
try.