You are on page 1of 12

Wheatstone Bridge

R1 R2 R3 Rx/R4 Rc Rd Vs Vc VD Vout
1 1 1 1 0.5 0.5 9 4.5 4.5 0
d= 0.038
Resistivity A m2 Lm R(ohms) R(k ohms) R(Mohms)
0 0.001134 0.076 0 0 0
1 0.001134 0.076 67.01261 0.067013 6.7E-05
2 0.001134 0.076 134.0252 0.134025 0.000134
3 0.001134 0.076 201.0378 0.201038 0.000201
4 0.001134 0.076 268.0504 0.26805 0.000268
5 0.001134 0.076 335.063 0.335063 0.000335
6 0.001134 0.076 402.0756 0.402076 0.000402
7 0.001134 0.076 469.0883 0.469088 0.000469
8 0.001134 0.076 536.1009 0.536101 0.000536
9 0.001134 0.076 603.1135 0.603113 0.000603
10 0.001134 0.076 670.1261 0.670126 0.00067
20 0.001134 0.076 1340.252 1.340252 0.00134
d= 0.038
Resistivity A m2 Lm
0 0.001134 0.076
1 0.001134 0.076
2 0.001134 0.076
3 0.001134 0.076
4 0.001134 0.076
5 0.001134 0.076
6 0.001134 0.076
7 0.001134 0.076
8 0.001134 0.076
9 0.001134 0.076
10 0.001134 0.076
20 0.001134 0.076
30 0.001134 0.076
40 0.001134 0.076
50 0.001134 0.076
60 0.001134 0.076
70 0.001134 0.076
80 0.001134 0.076
90 0.001134 0.076
100 0.001134 0.076
200 0.001134 0.076
300 0.001134 0.076
400 0.001134 0.076
500 0.001134 0.076
600 0.001134 0.076
700 0.001134 0.076
800 0.001134 0.076
900 0.001134 0.076
1000 0.001134 0.076
2000 0.001134 0.076
3000 0.001134 0.076
4000 0.001134 0.076
5000 0.001134 0.076
6000 0.001134 0.076
7000 0.001134 0.076
8000 0.001134 0.076
9000 0.001134 0.076
10000 0.001134 0.076
R(ohms) R(k ohms) R(Mohms)
0 0 0
67.01261 0.0670126076 6.7E-05
134.0252 0.1340252152 0.000134
201.0378 0.2010378229 0.000201
268.0504 0.2680504305 0.000268
335.063 0.3350630381 0.000335
402.0756 0.4020756457 0.000402
469.0883 0.4690882533 0.000469
536.1009 0.5361008609 0.000536
603.1135 0.6031134686 0.000603
670.1261 0.6701260762 0.00067
1340.252 1.3402521524 0.00134
2010.378 2.0103782285 0.00201
2680.504 2.6805043047 0.002681
3350.63 3.3506303809 0.003351
4020.756 4.0207564571 0.004021
4690.883 4.6908825332 0.004691
5361.009 5.3610086094 0.005361
6031.135 6.0311346856 0.006031
6701.261 6.7012607618 0.006701
13402.52 13.4025215235 0.013403
20103.78 20.1037822853 0.020104
26805.04 26.8050430471 0.026805
33506.3 33.5063038088 0.033506
40207.56 40.2075645706 0.040208
46908.83 46.9088253323 0.046909
53610.09 53.6100860941 0.05361
60311.35 60.3113468559 0.060311
67012.61 67.0126076176 0.067013
134025.2 134.0252152353 0.134025
201037.8 201.0378228529 0.201038
268050.4 268.0504304706 0.26805
335063 335.0630380882 0.335063
402075.6 402.0756457058 0.402076
469088.3 469.0882533235 0.469088
536100.9 536.1008609411 0.536101
603113.5 603.1134685588 0.603113
670126.1 670.1260761764 0.670126
d= 0.038
A m2 Lm A/L R Resitivity(ohm-m)
0.001134 0.076 0.014923 6700 99.98119
0.001134 0.076 0.014923 6700 99.98119
0.001134 0.076 0.014923 6700 99.98119
0.001134 0.076 0.014923 6700 99.98119
0.001134 0.076 0.014923 6700 99.98119
0.001134 0.076 0.014923 6700 99.98119
0.001134 0.076 0.014923 6700 99.98119
0.001134 0.076 0.014923 6700 99.98119
0.001134 0.076 0.014923 6700 99.98119
0.001134 0.076 0.014923 6700 99.98119
0.001134 0.076 0.014923 6700 99.98119
0.001134 0.076 0.014923 6700 99.98119
DC power Calculation
DC power calculation V
Voltage (V) calculation from current (I) and resistance (R): 9
V(V) = I(A) R() 9
Complex power (S) calculation from voltage (V) and current (I): 9
P(W) = V(V) I(A) = V 2(V) / R() = I 2(A) R() 9
9
AC power calculation 9
The voltage V in volts (V) is eqaul to the current I in amps (A) times the impedance
Z in ohms (): 9
V(V) = I(A) Z() = (|I||Z|) (I + Z) 9
The complex power S in volt-amps (VA) is equal to the voltage V in volts (V) times
the current I in amps (A): 9
S(VA) = V(V) I(A) = (|V||I|) (V - I) 9
The real power P in watts (W) is equal to the voltage V in volts (V) times current I in
amps (A) times the power factor (cos ): 9
P(W) = V(V) I(A) cos 9
The reactive power Q in volt-amps reactive (VAR) is equal to the voltage V in volts
(V) times the current I in amps (A) time the sine of the complex power phase angle
(): 9
Q(VAR) = V(V) I(A) sin 9
The power factor (FP) is equal to the absolute value of the cosine of the complex
power phase angle (): 9
PF = |cos | 9
9
Energy & power calculation 9
The average power P in watts (W) is equal to the energy consumed E in joules (J)
divided by time period t in seconds (s): 9
P(W) = E(J) / t(s) 9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
DC power Calculation Power Waat DC power Calculation Power Waat
R I P V R I P
1 9 81 9 1 0.055556 0.5
2 4.5 40.5 9 2 0.055556 0.5
3 3 27 9 3 0.055556 0.5
4 2.25 20.25 9 4 0.055556 0.5
5 1.8 16.2 9 5 0.055556 0.5
6 1.5 13.5 9 6 0.055556 0.5

7 1.285714 11.57143 9 7 0.055556 0.5


8 1.125 10.125 9 8 0.055556 0.5

9 1 9 9 9 0.055556 0.5
10 0.9 8.1 9 10 0.055556 0.5

20 0.45 4.05 9 20 0.055556 0.5


30 0.3 2.7 9 30 0.055556 0.5

40 0.225 2.025 9 40 0.055556 0.5


50 0.18 1.62 9 50 0.055556 0.5

60 0.15 1.35 9 60 0.055556 0.5


70 0.128571 1.157143 9 70 0.055556 0.5
80 0.1125 1.0125 9 80 0.055556 0.5
90 0.1 0.9 9 90 0.055556 0.5

100 0.09 0.81 9 100 0.055556 0.5


200 0.045 0.405 9 200 0.055556 0.5
300 0.03 0.27 9 300 0.055556 0.5
400 0.0225 0.2025 9 400 0.055556 0.5
500 0.018 0.162 9 500 0.055556 0.5
600 0.015 0.135 9 600 0.055556 0.5
700 0.012857 0.115714 9 700 0.055556 0.5
800 0.01125 0.10125 9 800 0.055556 0.5
900 0.01 0.09 9 900 0.055556 0.5
1000 0.009 0.081 9 1000 0.055556 0.5
2000 0.0045 0.0405 9 2000 0.055556 0.5
3000 0.003 0.027 9 3000 0.055556 0.5
4000 0.00225 0.02025 9 4000 0.055556 0.5
5000 0.0018 0.0162 9 5000 0.055556 0.5
6000 0.0015 0.0135 9 6000 0.055556 0.5
7000 0.001286 0.011571 9 7000 0.055556 0.5
8000 0.001125 0.010125 9 8000 0.055556 0.5
9000 0.001 0.009 9 9000 0.055556 0.5
10000 0.0009 0.0081 9 10000 0.055556 0.5
20000 0.00045 0.00405 9 20000 0.055556 0.5
30000 0.0003 0.0027 9 30000 0.055556 0.5
40000 0.000225 0.002025 9 40000 0.055556 0.5
50000 0.00018 0.00162 9 50000 0.055556 0.5
60000 0.00015 0.00135 9 60000 0.055556 0.5
70000 0.000129 0.001157 9 70000 0.055556 0.5
80000 0.000113 0.001013 9 80000 0.055556 0.5
90000 0.0001 0.0009 9 90000 0.055556 0.5
100000 0.00009 0.00081 9 100000 0.055556 0.5
Parallel Resistance
R1 R2 R3 R4 Req
1000 670126 0 0 998.51
1000 111.1111 100