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(Subject: SCIENCE)

Form : 4 Topaz
Day : Thursday
Date : 31st March 2016
Subject : Science
Topic : Matter and Substances
Subtopics : 4.1 Changes in the States of Matter
Main Concepts : States of Matter
Key Words : Kinetic theory of matter, solid, liquid, gases
Aim : Students are able to understand the kinetic theory of matter and relate
it to the properties of each state of matter
Learning Objectives : At the end lesson, students should be able:
1. To state the four points of the kinetic theory of matter
2. Name the three states of matter
3. State the processes that are involve the change in state of matter namely, meting,
boiling, condensation, freezing and sublimation
4. Explain the process of diffusion in each state of matter

Thinking Skills : Relating, analysing, predicting

Teaching Methods : 1. Discussion with students
2. Demonstration
Teaching Aids : 1. Textbook
2. Science Process Skills, Form 4
3. Student participation
Hypothesis : The properties of matter can be explained by using the kinetic theory
matter. It states that:
Matter is made of atoms
Particles undergo continuous motion and collide with one
There are forces of attraction between particles
Movement increases with temperature.

1. Yeap Tok Heng. 2015. eNotes Science SPM. Petaling Jaya: Sasbadi Sdn. Bhd
2. Hayati et al. 2005. Science Form 4. Bangi: Pustaka Alhas (M) Sdn. Bhd.

Content Procedure Material/Notes

1. Teacher performs a 1. Teacher uses an example of

Introduction demonstration on the water and a cordial
(5 minutes) process of diffusion. beverage to show an
example of diffusion in
1. Gain liquids
attention of

1. Students are divided onto 1. By encouraging student

Development 3 groups as per their participation, discovery
(25 minutes) seating arrangement in the based learning process is
1. Arrangement classroom. facilitated.
of particles 2. Each group is given time
in each state to come up with examples
of matter. of diffusion in a solid,
2. Rate of liquid and gas.
diffusion in 3. This process is made into
different a simple competition by
states of awarding marks according
matter to the groups and
rewarding the winners.

1. Conclusion is made 1. Here, students are given a

Closure 2. Homework is assigned moment to reflect on the
(5 minutes) lesson that has been learned
1. Summary of today.
lesson 2. Reflection of lessons help
2. Homework to consolidate the learning
process and enhance student
3. Reinforcement practice is
given to evaluate student
Supervisors Comment: