St. Bernard and Plaquemines Parishes, LA State Project No. 700-92-0018 FAP No. STP-9206(500) RPC No.

0018-STB
Submitted to The Regional Planning Commission November 2008

ST. BERNARD & PLAQUEMINES PARISHES Land Use and Transportation Vision Plan 2008
St. Bernard and Plaquemines Parishes, LA State Project No. 700-92-0018 FAP No. STP-9206(500) RPC No. 0018-STB

Submitted to The Regional Planning Commission for Jefferson, Orleans, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes 1340 Poydras Street New Orleans, LA 70112-5276

Prepared by : N-Y Associates, Inc. 2750 Lake Villa Drive Metairie, LA 70002 In association with: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc. Fernandez Plans , LLC

November 2008

ST. BERNARD PARISH Land Use and Transportation Vision Plan 2008

FOREWARD
The St. Bernard & Plaquemines Parishes Land Use and Transportation Vision Plan 2008 was funded by the Regional Planning Commission (RPC) as part of a coordinated effort to analyze land use and transportation in St. Bernard and Plaquemines Parishes following the devastation of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita caused considerable destruction and resulting displacement in both Plaquemines and St. Bernard Parishes. It is a given that the parishes should – and will-- be redeveloped, but along different lines than before.

The purpose of this study is to work with the governments and citizens of the two parishes to develop a Strategic Vision and Conceptual Plan for Redevelopment for each parish. The following document presents two (2) consensus plans (one for each Parish), based on input from local citizens’ advisory committees, elected and agency officials, as well as data from the Louisiana Recovery Authority (LRA) and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

This study serves to reassure that the redevelopment of both St. Bernard and Plaquemines Parishes will occur in a logical and responsible manner, developing broad future land use generalizations based on sustainable concepts.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Executive Summary ................................................................................................................ ES-1

Chapter One: Introduction .......................................................................................... 1-1
Project Purpose and Need ......................................................................................... 1-1 Project Parameters .................................................................................................... 1-1 Policy Context........................................................................................................... 1-4 Regional Goals.......................................................................................................... 1-9 Report Organization................................................................................................ 1-10

Chapter Two: Existing Conditions.............................................................................. 2-1 Demographics ......................................................................................................... 2-1
Economy ................................................................................................................... 2-7 Environment.......................................................................................................... 2-10 Land Use ................................................................................................................. 2-11 Current Land Use Implementation..................................................................... 2-15 Infrastructure........................................................................................................... 2-29 Transportation ....................................................................................................... 2-31

Chapter Three: Planning District Assessment ........................................................... 3-1
Planning District One: Chalmette West and Old Arabi ........................................... 3-2 Planning District Two: Paris Road .......................................................................... 3-5 Planning District Three: Chalmette East.................................................................. 3-5 Planning District Four: Meraux ............................................................................... 3-7 Planning District Five: Violet and Poydras ............................................................. 3-9 Planning District Six: Lower St. Bernard .............................................................. 3-10 Assessment Implications for Future Land Use ....................................................... 3-10

Chapter Four: Vision and Goals ................................................................................. 4-1
Vision Statement....................................................................................................... 4-1 Goals ......................................................................................................................... 4-4

Chapter Five: Land Use and Transportation Recommendations ............................ 5-1
Policy Areas.............................................................................................................. 5-1 Implementation Plan ................................................................................................. 5-4 Future Land Use Map ............................................................................................... 5-7 Future Transportation Plan ..................................................................................... 5-25 Conclusions............................................................................................................. 5-33

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

List of Tables
Number 2-1 2-2 2-3 3-1 5-1 5-2 5-3 Title Page School Enrollment............................................................................................ 2-14 Wastewater Facilities ....................................................................................... 2-30 Existing Major Thoroughfare Network ................................................... 2-33, 2-35 Planning District Summary Table .................................................................... 3-11 Residential Land Allocation............................................................................... 5-9 St. Bernard Parish Projects from the Transportation Improvement Program ........................................................... 5-25 Action Implementation Table.................................................................. 5-34, 5-35

List of Figures
Number 2-1 2-2 2-3 2-4 2-5 2-6 2-7 2-8 2-9 2-10 2-11 2-12 2-13 2-14 2-15 2-16 2-17 3-A 3-1 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 3-6 5-A 5-1 5-2 5-3 5-4 5-5 5-6 5-7 5-8 5-9 5-10 5-11 Title Page Historical Census Data ....................................................................................... 2-2 Population Estimate Timeline ............................................................................ 2-3 Race.................................................................................................................... 2-4 Age ..................................................................................................................... 2-5 Income................................................................................................................ 2-6 Employers, 2004 - 2006 ..................................................................................... 2-7 Employees, 2004-2006....................................................................................... 2-8 Average Wages, 2004-2006 ............................................................................... 2-9 Average Home Sale Price, 2004-2007 ............................................................. 2-12 EPA Determination of severity of damage....................................................... 2-13 Existing Land Use: Planning Unit 1: Arabi/Chalmette West ......................... 2-17 Existing Land Use: Planning Unit 2: Paris Road ........................................... 2-19 Existing Land Use: Planning Unit 3: Chalmette East .................................... 2-21 Existing Land Use: Planning Unit 4: Meraux ................................................ 2-23 Existing Land Use: Planning Unit 5: Violet/Poydras..................................... 2-25 Existing Land Use: Planning Unit 6: Lower St. Bernard ............................... 2-27 Existing Transportation Network ..................................................................... 2-37 Planning Districts and Elevation ...................................................................... 3-13 Recovery Assessment: Planning Unit 1: Arabi/Chalmette West.................... 3-15 Recovery Assessment: Planning Unit 2: Paris Road ...................................... 3-17 Recovery Assessment: Planning Unit 3: Chalmette East ............................... 3-19 Recovery Assessment: Planning Unit 4: Meraux ........................................... 3-21 Recovery Assessment: Planning Unit 5: Violet/Poydras ............................... 3-23 Recovery Assessment: Planning Unit 6: Lower St. Bernard.......................... 3-25 Policy Areas ....................................................................................................... 5-2 Future Land Use: Planning Unit 1: Arabi/Chalmette West............................ 5-13 Future Land Use: Planning Unit 2: Paris Road .............................................. 5-15 Future Land Use: Planning Unit 3: Chalmette East ....................................... 5-17 Future Land Use: Planning Unit 4: Meraux ................................................... 5-19 Future Land Use: Planning Unit 5: Violet/Poydras........................................ 5-21 Future Land Use: Planning Unit 6: Lower St. Bernard .................................. 5-23 Future Transportation Network ........................................................................ 5-27 Major Arterial Schematic Section .................................................................... 5-30 Minor Arterial Schematic Section .................................................................... 5-30 Collector Street Schematic Section .................................................................. 5-31 Local Street Schematic Section........................................................................ 5-31

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Appendices
A B C D E F Population Projections Migration Road Home Program Economic Cluster Data Flood Elevation Data Pedestrian and Bicycle Policy Recommendations

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
St. Bernard Parish 2007 Land Use and Transportation Vision Plan
The St. Bernard Parish 2007 Land Use and Transportation Vision Plan was funded by the Regional Planning Commission as part of coordinated effort to analyze land use and transportation in St. Bernard and Plaquemines Parishes following the devastation of Hurricane Katrina. The Land Use and Transportation Plan for St. Bernard Parish was prepared for the Regional Planning Commission by Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc., in association with N-Y Associates, Inc., and Fernandez Plans, LLC. The contractual elements of the scope of work for the Land Use and Transportation Vision included the following: • • • • • Description of Existing Conditions SWOT Analysis Vision Statement Conceptual Land Use Plan Conceptual Major Thoroughfare Plan

The resulting analysis of existing conditions and recovery data were incorporated into the future land use and transportation recommendations. This study was accomplished by utilizing existing information sources, field observations, public forums, meetings with elected and appointed officials, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) analysis. The study’s key findings are outlined below: • Literature Review: Chapter One outlines the planning processes and reports which have occurred in the period from August 29, 2005 to the publication of this report. This report is inclusive of these processes and their goals, objectives, findings and recommendations. Population: Chapter Two describes existing conditions and compares pre- and post-Katrina demographic conditions. It appears that during that period, St. Bernard Parish has recovered approximately 35 to 40% of its pre-Katrina population, or 21,000 to 26,000. Anecdotal evidence suggests it could be even higher.

Post-project population projections by the RPC in coordination with GCR are included in Appendix A. Appendix B includes a migration study of St. Bernard Parish, completed by the RPC. This migration study analyses a
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history of IRS data to track migration trends (only those completing a tax return would be included). • • Demographics: Race, age and income, demographic trends following Hurricane Katrina are similar to those before the storm. Economy: Between 2005 and 2006, the number of employers in the economic sectors of Retail Trade, and Health Care and Social Assistance dropped the most. The number of employees dropped across nearly all economic sectors during the same time frame, however, Retail Trade, Health and Social Assistance, Educational Services, and Accommodations and Food Services saw the greatest job losses in that same time frame. The RPC purchased post-Katrina economic data and is currently developing business “cluster” analysis to be compared with preKatrina data. This information will not be available until further ‘ground-truthing’ has occurred by the RPC on the economic data. These data will be made available to the parish in 2008 for future planning activities. • Recovery Activity: Recovery activity is sporadic throughout the Parish, with about 35% of the population returned. Areas showing the lowest levels of recovery activity tend to be located north of Judge Perez Drive and away from Paris Road. Violet, Poydras, and Lower St. Bernard appear to have higher recovery rates, although they also have the least dense populations. Home owners’ intentions -whether to stay and rebuild in their current location, purchase elsewhere in Louisiana, or sell and leave the state as reported by the Louisiana Recovery Authority (LRA) Road Home program - are incorporated into Appendix C in a map series by the RPC. The RPC obtained the data and mapped in through March, 2008 with the most current information provided demonstrating the choice of the homeowner. The information however, does not allow insight as to the specific relocation even if the relocation is within the same parish. • The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has been working to address hazardous conditions since September 2005. Their work has progressed from ensuring safe drinking water, to assessing federally permitted facilities; to the collection and disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous waste. Since Hurricane Katrina, the Corps of Engineers has repaired the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MR-GO) levee breaches and restored
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

that levee to a height of 20 feet in St. Bernard Parish, with the expectation that it will settle to 17.5 feet, the pre-Katrina levee height. After the completion of the draft of this report, the MR-GO was officially deauthorized when the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works (ASA-CW) forwarded the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers Chief’s Report for the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MRGO) DeepDraft De-Authoriza-tion Study to Congress. This action officially deauthorized the MRGO from the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway to the Gulf of Mexico in accordance with the Water Resources Development Act of 2007. Also included was the recommendation for a rock closure of the channel near Hopedale. This recommendation came from the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) prepared by the ACOE for the project. 1 • The South Louisiana Submerged Roads Program has included over $20 million dollars committed by FEMA for local street repair projects. All repairs are scheduled to be completed by the end of 2009. As part of this program, approximately eight collector or arterial streets which are part of the federal aid network will be repaired and overlaid. Water, electric, cable, phone and natural gas connections were restored throughout the parish in a relatively timely manner. All wastewater treatment plants and 89 of 92 lift stations were severely damaged following Hurricane Katrina. Container trucks were being used to drain the system and transport sewage to the plant for treatment. Three of the Parish’s eight Drainage Pumping Stations were severely damaged by the storm. One had minor damage, and three remained in service throughout the dewatering operations.

These findings have led to a number of recommendations, which are detailed in Chapter Five. These recommendations include: • Fully staff the Planning Department so that it can take on a Comprehensive Plan for redevelopment. Recovery is a fluid process and it is going to take many years. The Parish will need experienced professionals dedicated to tracking recovery, planning, and implementation. Developing databases of data related to recovery indicators will be a key component of tracking recovery to effectively guide decision-making.

1

Mississippi River Gulf Outlet. US Army Corps of Engineers, New Orleans District. June 5, 2008. http://mrgo.usace.army.mil/. BURK-KLEINPETER, INC. (10344-01) November 2008 In Association with N-Y Associates, Inc. and Fernandez Plans, LLC Page ES-3

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Strategize for recovery. Adopt policies according to flood risk and present rate of rebuilding based on policy areas concepts of ReInvent, ReThink and ReBuild. Flood risk combined with repopulation and investment activity should be the guiding elements of recovery policies. This report proposes that policies and strategies be delineated into the following categories based upon flood risk and activity: ReInventing, ReThinking, and ReBuilding. ReInvent: High risk of future flooding, low rate of return. Strategies: Keep densities lower, and elevate structures. Redevelop property using land-banking, “lot next door” programs, or keep it in public stewardship as greenspace. The Parish should zone for rural residential, conservation, and recreation 2 , and repair infrastructure on an ‘as needed’ basis. ReThink: Moderate or lower risk of future flooding, moderate or low rate of return. Strategies: Land bank properties and steer new development projects to these areas. Zoning strategies should include the use of Planned Unit Developments, a mixed use category added to the existing ordinance or the use of a form based code to encourage a range of housing choice and a mix of uses, sometimes referred to as a town center concept or traditional neighborhood design. Repair infrastructure when necessitated by private investment. ReBuild: The risk of future flooding is somewhat lower (because these areas to be at higher elevations) and population return is higher. Strategies: The strategy for grayfield properties is infill, so despite the use of the lot next door strategy, preservation of the streetscape and the neighborhood context should be encouraged. There is the greatest demand in these areas, and as such, public infrastructure improvements and repairs should be prioritized in these locations. Emphasis should be placed upon area form based reviews to help give a cohesive appearance to the pre-existing and infill development.

2

This could include eco-tourism destinations with the appropriate supportive infrastructure. Regional Planning Commission

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Update zoning codes to do the following: o Revise Planned Unit Development (PUD) o Adopt Mixed Use Category o Adopt Corridor Overlay Once a fully staffed planning department is in place, Planners will need an updated zoning code achieve the mixed use, compact, traditionally designed neighborhoods that are desired in some parts of the Parish. These tools can also facilitate improved aesthetics.

Future Land Use Map (FLUM): Restrict the amount of land available for development to correspond with demand. This will stabilize property values and allow the Parish to steer development to where it is most appropriate. This also allows the potential for new uses that may be more appropriate in the areas of reduced demand with higher flood risk. This study makes some preliminary recommendations, but ultimately a comprehensive planning process including a market analysis is recommended, around 2010. It is hypothesized that population and recovery activity will have stabilized by then and allow the Parish to more acutely steer development. Availability of functioning utilities should also be a prominent factor in the FLUM.

In conclusion, the St. Bernard Parish 2007 Land Use and Transportation Vision Plan acts as a bridge between earlier recovery plans which were visionary or project-oriented and some of the later steps which will ultimately need to be taken to implement these ideas. It is a guiding document which makes the first attempts at assessing recovery geographically throughout the Parish, and bases recommendations and strategies on those findings with the intent to lead the parish into a future comprehensive land use plan.

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CHAPTER ONE: EXISTING CONDITIONS

CHAPTER I
Introduction Project Purpose and Need
Hurricane Katrina caused widespread destruction and displacement in St. Bernard Parish. The purpose of this study is to work with the governments and citizens to develop a Strategic Vision and Conceptual Plan for Redevelopment. This project serves to reassure that this redevelopment will occur in a logical and responsible manner, developing broad future land use generalizations based on sustainable concepts. Numerous planning studies have occurred in the intervening period since Hurricane Katrina struck the region; this study will build upon their information and findings. This study’s objective is to produce one cohesive document that incorporates all work completed to-date into a regional vision which plans for the next phase of recovery in St. Bernard.

Project Parameters
Study Area Boundaries
St. Bernard Parish forms the southeast portion of the New Orleans Metropolitan Statistical Area (NOMSA) and abuts Orleans Parish to the north and west, and Plaquemines Parish to the east and south. While St. Bernard primarily consists of open water and wetlands (235,813 acres or 76.5%), the area we generally refer to as the urbanized area of St. Bernard includes those areas within the flood protection levee system where the majority of the population resides. While the urbanized area comprises just 20,492 acres or 9% of the parish’s land area, it is the focus of this transportation and land use vision plan since it is where majority of the population resides.
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ST. BERNARD PARISH LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION VISION PLAN

The project study area is defined as the portion of St. Bernard Parish generally bounded by the Orleans/St. Bernard Parish line, the Forty Arpent Canal, the Verret Community and the Mississippi River. All areas beyond the hurricane protection levee system have not been analyzed in this study.

Planning Districts
For planning purposes, the study area was further broken down into planning districts based on those developed for the 2002 Land Use Plan. 3 These planning districts were modified slightly to reflect the 2000 Census Tract boundaries. These districts are for the purpose of analysis only, and should not be taken to represent geographic districts officially recognized by the Parish or its residents. Paramount at the public meeting 4 was a discussion about the fact that there are developments – namely high end fishing camps – outside the levee areas integral to St. Bernard’s redevelopment and recovery. Despite the camps being outside the levees they are of significant value to the Parish and will be included in future plans. However, development of these camps should be done with extreme caution, as they are in areas outside of the federal flood protection system, and property owners take on considerable risks when choosing to build or rebuild in these areas. The communities in these areas include Verret, Delacroix, Reggio, Ycloskey, Shell Beach and Hopedale.
3

Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc., St. Bernard Parish Land Use Study 2001, Prepared for the New Orleans Regional Planning Commission, February 2002. 4 The public meeting occurred on October 23, 2007 at Trist Middle School in Meraux. November 2008 Page 1-2 Regional Planning Commission

CHAPTER ONE: EXISTING CONDITIONS

The Planning Districts considered in this Plan are: 1. Arabi/Chalmette West: The Arabi/Chalmette West planning district is bound by Orleans Parish to the west and the Guichard Canal to the east. It is 3,313 acres and prior to Hurricane Katrina, was the densest residential part of the Parish. 2. Paris Road: The Paris Road planning district comprises 796 acres stretching from the Guichard Canal to the Delaronde Canal. 3. Chalmette East: The Chalmette East planning district is 1,796 acres in size and encompasses the remaining portions of Chalmette on the east side of Paris Road, from the Delaronde Canal to the Meraux Canal. 4. Meraux: The Meraux planning district is 4,231 acres, extending from the Meraux Canal to the Violet Canal on the east. 5. Violet-Poydras: The Violet-Poydras planning district is 3,604 acres in size, extending from the Violet Canal to the Forty Arpent Canal on the south, and to Judge Perez on the east. This area is more rural in nature, with more recent subdivision activity occurring in the years preceding Hurricane Katrina. 6. Lower St. Bernard: This last planning district, at 5,475 acres in size is the largest geographically, but the smallest in terms of population. It is characterized by rural fishing communities, and extends from East Judge Perez Drive to where the 20 Arpent and 40 Arpent Levees meet, at the Verret Community. It includes the communities of and Kenilworth, Toca, Poydras, and Caernarvon.

Key Planning Assumptions
At the time of the writing of this report, there were a number of outstanding issues in the Post-Katrina landscape which were unknown at that time. Since that time, some clarity has been reached, however they were largely unknown at the time of the writing of the report and influenced the planning assumptions during the study’s analysis period. Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MRGO). At the time of the writing of this report, the status of the closure of the MRGO was largely unknown. The MRGO is a 76-mile long man-made navigation channel which connects the Gulf of Mexico to the Port of New Orleans’ Inner Harbor Navigation Canal (IHNC or the “industrial canal”). Its two primary functions are to provide a shorter route to the Port of New Orleans as well as provide access to the IHNC for deep draft oceangoing vessels. Its
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construction was authorized in 1956, and construction was completed in 1965. Its construction and continued use has causes considerable damage to the wetlands that protect the New Orleans Region by first dredging the wetlands, then their continued sloughing off as well as saltwater intrusion. After the completion of the draft of this report, the MR-GO was officially deauthorized when the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works (ASA-CW) forwarded the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers Chief’s Report for the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MRGO) Deep-Draft De-Authorization Study to Congress. This action officially de-authorized the MRGO from the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway to the Gulf of Mexico in accordance with the Water Resources Development Act of 2007. Also included was the recommendation for a rock closure of the channel near Hopedale. This recommendation came from the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) prepared by the ACOE for the project. 5 Population Projections. At the start of this planning process, there were no known future population projections, although some current population estimates existed at the Parish level. In order to allocate future land use and transportation improvements, the project team needed to make some assumptions about the repopulation of the Parish. This work is largely reflected in Chapter Three. Since that time, more information has become available through the Regional Planning Commission.

Policy Context
Past Planning Efforts – Literature Review
A number of planning studies have already occurred in St. Bernard Parish, all of which have been reviewed and are incorporated into the 2007 Vision for Transportation and Land Use. This planning effort will utilize these planning studies but will consider their recommendations from the policy standpoint of viable implementation projects based on the vision developed by the public to assist in the stabilization and sustainability of St. Bernard. St. Bernard Parish Planning – Waggoner & Ball Architects with Tulane Urban Design Center. This post-Katrina planning framework for St. Bernard was commissioned by the Citizens Recovery Committee to stimulate recovery following Hurricane Katrina. The study provided some

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Mississippi River Gulf Outlet. US Army Corps of Engineers, New Orleans District. June 5, 2008. http://mrgo.usace.army.mil/. Regional Planning Commission

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CHAPTER ONE: EXISTING CONDITIONS

transportation and infrastructure improvement recommendations from an urban design perspective. These recommendations include improved connectivity and design to the existing street network, the creation of improved streetscapes, and redevelopment in a clustered pattern in areas of lower hurricane damage. The plan considers potential redevelopment land use schemes. The plan calls for an integrated system of public streets, drainage canals and green space, a network that provides order, rhythm, and scale and identity to neighborhoods and the Parish itself. Other key recommendations of the plan include a defensible mitigation zone adjacent to the 40 Arpent Canal, and that redevelopment should occur on previously developed land. St. Bernard Citizens’ Recovery Committee. Following Hurricane Katrina, the St. Bernard Citizen’s Recovery Committee (CRC) was formed. Consisting of 38 parish residents and organized into subcommittees based on the classifications of the Long Term Community Recovery (LTCR) planning process, this group has facilitated the public input and community outreach coordination of the LTCR plan. They are recognized as the official voice of the citizenry. This group prepared two reports: The Work Group Reports and Citizen’s Recovery Committee Report. The Work Group reports were not made available to the planning team; however, the Citizen’s Recovery Committee Report presented numerous projects deemed important for the recovery of the Parish. Projects are categorized several groups, including: infrastructure and transportation, coastal protection, housing, redevelopment and quality of life, economic development, public health and healthcare, environment and public safety, financial outreach and fiscal stability, and education and workforce development. 6 The projects were: Infrastructure and Transportation: • Railroad overpass and track extension • Sanitary treatment plant update • Water treatment plant improvements • Storm water collection system improvements • Revision of the Comprehensive Plan and Zoning Ordinance • St. Bernard Port expansion • Florida Avenue transportation corridor

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St. Bernard Parish Citizen’s Recovery Committee, Citizen’s Recovery Committee Report. February 21, 2006. BURK-KLEINPETER, INC. (10344-01) November 2008 In Association with N-Y Associates, Inc. and Fernandez Plans, LLC Page 1-5

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Coastal Protection • Caenervon/Lake Lery Diversion Outfall management project • Reestablishment of Bayou La Loutre Ridge • MRGO land bridge at Lake Borgne • Restoration of siphon at Violet/Meraux • Interior levee (40 Arpent Levee) to same criteria as MRGO levee • Armoring of MRGO levees • Storm surge barrier across Lake Borgne • Cypress “Islands” project • Biloxi land bridges (North and South) • Barrier island restoration, Grand Gossier Island to Breton Island • Jean Louis Robin shoreline hardening and barrier construction • Biloxi Marsh barrier islands and reefs • Fresh water diversion at Bayou Lamoque Housing, Redevelopment and Quality of Life • Establishment of a senior community • Update land use regulations • Creation of a Housing Repopulation Fund • Land acquisition for new development and redevelopment Economic Development • Old Arabi River Park • Small Business Services Center • Community-Wide wireless internet access • Sports complex/fairgrounds • Preservation of the Los Islenos Museum Complex • St. Bernard Seafood Market • St. Bernard Welcome Center • Multi-use community center • Fishing resort and public access pier • Office/retail mixed-use center • Landscape parish gateways Public Health and Healthcare • New medical clinic • Medical district • Medical support services • Council on Aging • Red Cross, YMCA and Family Service-United Way Center

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CHAPTER ONE: EXISTING CONDITIONS

Environment and Public Safety • St. Bernard Environmental Advisory Board • Centralized Government Services Complex • Create buffer zones around Murphy Oil • Create buffer zones around Exxon/Mobil Financial Outreach & Fiscal Stability • Secure funding to support the projects recommended by the CRC • Private capitalization & grants • Non-profit organizations • Utilize St. Bernard Home Mortgage Authority • Establish the St. Bernard Parish Recovery Authority Education and Workforce Development • Nunez College Improvements • School Board Improvements • Public Library Restoration FEMA Interim Recovery Planning. 7 The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) provided technical assistance to the recovery planning process in a variety of sectors, including: population and economic recovery, principles and planning, flood protection and coastal restoration, transportation and infrastructure, land recovery and design guidelines. The purpose of this plan was to create an action plan for the first 12 to 18 months to address the following issues: • • • • • Determining the most suitable areas to repopulate with residents and businesses Phasing of basic infrastructure and services to most suitable areas for repopulation Control of reconstruction with new codes for smart, more efficient and attractive development Innovative methods for coastal restoration and flood protection Ways to attract residents, businesses and industries to rebuild St. Bernard’s economy

It catalogued and assessed the damage caused by Hurricane Katrina and used this information to prioritize and make targeted recovery investment recommendations. The planning principles of this plan were to focus on
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Coastal Environments, Inc., Interim Recovery Planning for St. Bernard Parish. March 2006. BURK-KLEINPETER, INC. (10344-01) November 2008 In Association with N-Y Associates, Inc. and Fernandez Plans, LLC Page 1-7

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the Coastal Restoration and Infrastructure and Transportation projects identified by the Citizen’s Recovery Committee (noted above) and develop more detailed concepts and cost estimates for the projects. The report also identified potential North-South boulevard locations (using canal and utility alignments), and performed a 4-tier preliminary land use suitability analysis which identified prime redevelopment land, as well as performed population projections for the parish’s repopulation according to two scenarios. Finally, it included a resource “toolbox” of mechanisms to achieve a preferred recovery scenario. The toolbox included brief descriptions of planning tools such as Planned Unit Development and Mixed Use. Long Term Community Recovery (LTCR). 8 The LTCR Plan, or the Parish Planning Tool for the Louisiana Recovery Authority’s (LRA) Louisiana Speaks Planning Process, is to be adopted by the Council as the short term recovery tool for the Parish. Goals identified in that planning process are reaffirmed in this study, including: • • Acquire property to enhance existing and develop new public open spaces through the Parish Restore and enhance landscaping and vegetation along public corridors and in public spaces throughout the Parish within 18 months. Develop updated land use and development regulations, including building local government capacity by December 2006. Update local codes and develop enforcement capacity for the elevation of structures for flood protection by 2007, including temporary measures by July 2006. Improve the existing circulation network and transportation facilities to assist in emergency preparedness, economic recovery, and neighborhood vitality.

• •

St. Bernard Parish Charette Report 9 As part of the LRA’s Louisiana Speaks Process, in addition to the above mentioned Parish Planning Tool, the architecture and planning firm Duany Plater-Zyberk & Company prepared a Charette Report for St. Bernard Parish. Its summary goals for the parish are:

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Louisiana Speaks, St. Bernard Parish Louisiana Parish Plan. December 15, 2006. Louisiana Speaks, St. Bernard Parish Charette Report. n/d. Regional Planning Commission

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CHAPTER ONE: EXISTING CONDITIONS

To create predictable development outcomes by introducing a practical plan and code, thus enticing private developers to become active To protect the parish’s open space from suburban sprawl by means of a regional plan and code To resolve access issues and other traffic problems, and to initiate an urban pattern that supports transit To catalyze post-hurricane housing construction of a certain minimum quality To facilitate homeowners’ decisions regarding the condition of their post-Katrina residences To redesign the water’s edge to be truly conducive to public use To renew the Jackson Barracks to their original historical prominence To achieve this quickly by taking advantage of opportunities created by the Gulf coast Opportunity Zone.

• • • • • • •

These plans are similar in nature in that they show a progression as active citizens; government and consultants attempt to get a handle on recovery issues. Some focus on damage assessment, whereas others are projectoriented, while still others are more visionary or scenario-based. All provide a number of suggestions to improve quality of life in St. Bernard Parish through this crucial period, but no planning document can replace a fully staffed Parish Planning Department, which is necessary to implement and track the recovery efforts recommended throughout all the plans.

Regional Goals
This planning project, funded by the Regional Planning Commission for Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard, and St. Tammany Parishes is part of a regional recovery effort and the linking of transportation and land use. The RPC objective is to develop a strategic vision and conceptual plan working with the citizens and advisory committees in the parish to aid in logical and responsible redevelopment strategies.

Planning Process
Public Involvement In order to ensure that this land use and transportation vision plan adequately addresses the public’s vision for redevelopment, as well as
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those of public officials, public involvement was coordinated through the St. Bernard Planning Commission. One official public meeting was held on October 23, 2007. TAC Involvement A technical advisory committee (TAC) for St. Bernard Parish was formed to advise the project team’s progress. This Committee was comprised of local government officials, members of the Parish Council and members of the Planning Commission. This group provided a good deal of local knowledge and perspective.

Report Organization
This report is organized into five chapters. Following the introduction in Chapter One, Chapter Two describes existing conditions, including preKatrina demographic data and a comparison of pre- and post-Katrina data, when available. Chapter Three assesses the recovery of Planning Districts. Chapter Four discusses community vision and goals, and finally, Chapter Five focuses on the Land Use and Transportation recommendations.

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CHAPTER TWO: EXISTING CONDITIONS

CHAPTER II
Existing Conditions
This chapter describes the present and past conditions of St. Bernard Parish using the best available data, however in many cases, post-Katrina data was either unavailable or is subject to constant and on-going revision. Both pre- and post-Katrina data are equally important for the juxtaposition of baseline data with current and projected trends to make informed recommendations.

Demographics
The following is a description of the demographics of St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana, based on Parish-wide or Census Designated Places data, when available. Most of the demographic data is derived from the 2000 Census. Hurricane Katrina, which struck in late August of 2005, severely devastated St. Bernard and caused widespread upheaval of the population. As a result, current demographic data is speculative in nature. What follows is the best available information on which to base project assumptions. Ongoing data efforts support current and future projections.

Population
Historic Trends Population growth in St. Bernard Parish was relatively slow throughout the first half of the 20th century. Then between 1950 and 1980, St. Bernard experienced rapid growth as the U.S. became more suburbanized and as citizens increased their reliance on automobiles. This trend occurred similarly in the other suburban parishes of Jefferson, and St. Tammany, which are also within the New Orleans metropolitan area. In St. Bernard, however, this exponential growth relaxed throughout the period from 1980 to 2000. 10 Pre-Katrina From 1990 to 2000, growth and decline varied widely between Census Designated Places in St. Bernard Parish. The Parish as a whole only grew by approximately 1% overall during the decade, with Arabi and Poydras losing population at rates of 8% and 4% respectively and Violet and Chalmette maintaining population with minimal growth rates of 0.2% and 0.6%.

10

U.S. Bureau of the Census, Louisiana Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990. Accessed January 30, 2007. www.census.gov/population/cencounts/la190090.txt. BURK-KLEINPETER, INC. (10344-01) November 2008 In Association with N-Y Associates, Inc. and Fernandez Plans, LLC Page 2-1

ST. BERNARD PARISH LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION VISION PLAN

Figure 2-1 Historical Census Data for St. Bernard Parish, 1900 - 2000

80,000 70,000 60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 0 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 YEAR
5,031 5,277 4,968 6,512 7,280 11,087 32,186 51,185 64,097 66,631 67,229

Post-Katrina Just two months before Hurricane Katrina transformed St. Bernard Parish and the entire New Orleans and Gulf Coast region, the Parish’s population was estimated at 64,576; a 4% decrease in population in the five years since the 2000 Census. As a result of Hurricane Katrina, 97% of St. Bernard’s housing stock flooded, consequently, most residents were forced to temporarily relocate until FEMA trailers became available. Anecdotal evidence suggests that many within St. Bernard’s Diaspora temporarily relocated within the metropolitan region in the months immediately following the Hurricane, particularly in the Slidell area. Every person in the Parish was impacted in some way by the storm. 11 The U.S. Bureau of the Census performed a special population estimate in January of 2006, in order to gain an understanding of the storm’s impact on population in the impacted area. At that time, FEMA trailers were just beginning to become available to residents in St. Bernard. At that time, the population of St. Bernard was estimated at 3,361 by the U.S. Bureau of the Census. Nearly a year later, in October 2006, the Louisiana Health and Population Survey Report reported a population of 25,296 (37.6 percent of the 2000
11

Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report for Congress, Hurricane Katrina: Social-Demographic Characteristics of Impacted Areas. http://www.gnocdc.org/reports/crsrept.pdf. Accessed March 28, 2007. November 2008 Page 2-2 Regional Planning Commission

CHAPTER TWO: EXISTING CONDITIONS

Census) persons living in households in St. Bernard Parish. While this population estimate’s methodology was different than the previous estimates and normally would not be compared to one another, it shows clearly that a great deal of population returned during 2006. 12 Throughout this timeframe, Claritas, a private demographics research company, was also tracking Hurricane impacts to the population in the New Orleans and Gulf Coast region. Their estimates are as follows: October 1, 2005: 2,685; Jan 1, 2006: 7,292; July 1, 2006: 15,483. 13 In July 2007, the US Bureau of the Census estimated the population at 19,826 or 29.4% of the 2000 Census. 14 In early 2008, the Census identified St. Bernard Parish as the fastest growing county in the United States. Figure 2-2 Population Estimate Timeline
Claritas Population Estimate

7,292
US Bureau of the Census Estimate LA Hea lth and Hospita ls

Hurrica ne Katrina
November 2005
Septem 2005 ber

3,361
Septem 2006 ber

25,296
Decem 2006 ber March 2006 May 2006 July 2006

US Bureau of the Census Estimate

Claritas Population Estimate

January 2006

July 2005

Claritas Population Estimate

64,576

2,685

15,403

Sources: US Bureau of the Census, 2000, Claritas, Inc., 2005, 2006 and LA Health and Hospitals, 2006
12

Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals. 2006 Louisiana Health and Population Survey Report, January 2007. http://popest.org/popestla2006/files/PopEst_St.Bernard_SurveyReport.pdf. Accessed March 23, 2007. 13 Claritas, Hurricane Katrina-Adjusted Population and Household Estimates. http://www.claritas.com/claritas/Default.jsp?ci=1&pn=hurricane_katrina_data. Accessed March 23, 2007.

Greater New Orleans Community Data Center, Census Population Estimates, 20002007. http://www.gnocdc.org/census_pop_estimates.html. Accessed July 10, 2008. BURK-KLEINPETER, INC. (10344-01) November 2008 In Association with N-Y Associates, Inc. and Fernandez Plans, LLC Page 2-3

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ST. BERNARD PARISH LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION VISION PLAN

The most recent estimate comes from the RPC. The agency utilized ESRI and utility data published in December 2007 to derive a population estimate of 23,420, or 34.8% of 2000 population (See Appendix A). These population estimates indicate that trends are converging. The repopulation of the Parish is slowing and unlikely to return to pre-Katrina levels.

Race
Pre-Katrina In 2000, the population of St. Bernard Parish was 84% White and 7.3% African American. Less than 1% of the population identified themselves as Asian or Pacific Islander, while about 3% of the population was Native American, Eskimo or Aluet, or other races, or two or more races. Of the 67,229 population, 3,425 or 5% identified themselves as being of Hispanic origin. Although the percentage of the population identifying themselves as white declined slightly from 1990 to 2000, while the population identifying themselves as African Americans rose slightly during this same time frame, no notable changes in demographics resulted. Figure 2-3. Race in St. Bernard Parish, LA
100.00% 90.00% 80.00% 70.00%

Percent

60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% White African American or Black Asian All others and multiple races

Pre-Katrina

Post-Katrina

Sources: US Bureau of the Census, 2000, Claritas, Inc., 2005, 2006 and LA Health and Hospitals, 2006

Post-Katrina Until the 2010 Census, the best available data for racial and ethnic composition of the returning residents to St. Bernard is the Louisiana
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CHAPTER TWO: EXISTING CONDITIONS

Health and Population Survey Report, which reports only a small change in the demographic characteristics of the Parish, as shown in Figure 4-3. In the survey, the percentage of the population identifying themselves as Latino remained the same. However, it is expected to increase in the coming years, emulating regional trends. The RPC 2007 estimate identified St. Bernard’s ethnic composition as follows: 66% White, 30% Black, 4.8% Hispanic, and 4.6% Asian.

Age
Pre-Katrina According to the 2001 St. Bernard Parish Land Use Study, age trends within the state of Louisiana and St. Bernard Parish were generally echoed throughout the designated places within St. Bernard, according to the 2000 Census. The only major exception to that trend is seen in Arabi, where there were a larger number of individuals over 65 years of age (27.5% of the population). Post-Katrina Following Hurricane Katrina, as one would expect, there are fewer children and elderly people returning as a percentage of the population, according to the Louisiana Health and Hospitals Report. This trend may magnify slowed recovery in areas, such as Arabi, where they made up an unusually large percentage of the population. Figure 2-4. Age in St. Bernard Parish
80.00% 70.00% 60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Under 5 5 to 19 Pre-Katrina 20 to 64 Post-Katrina Over 65

Sources: US Bureau of the Census, 2000, and LA Health and Hosptials, 2006 BURK-KLEINPETER, INC. (10344-01) In Association with N-Y Associates, Inc. and Fernandez Plans, LLC November 2008 Page 2-5

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Income
Pre-Katrina Median Household Incomes (MHI) and percentage of families with incomes below poverty are two indicators that reflect the relative wealth of an area. Both are based on 1999 income data for the Parish. Poverty status is determined according to the Department of Health and Human Services poverty guidelines ($17,029 for families in 2000). Within St. Bernard Parish, it appears that MHI for 1999 appeared to hover near the median for most places within the Parish. Meraux, which had the highest incomes, was growing the most rapidly and had the lowest poverty rate. Poydras and Violet, which were slowly declining, had much lower median household incomes and a higher percentage of families in poverty. This suggests that the Parish was gaining a wealthier population before the storm. Post-Katrina Family income statistics are expected to remain relatively unchanged following Hurricane Katrina, although there is a general expectation that those with access to the fewest resources may have the greatest difficulty returning and rebuilding. According to the Health and Hospitals Survey Report, it appears that households at the highest end of the spectrum have also chosen not to return, whereas those in the lower- to middle-income brackets (under $10,000 to $49,999) are most likely to return. Figure 2-5. Pre and Post Katrina Income in St. Bernard
25.0% 20.0% 15.0% 10.0% 5.0% 0.0%
th an $1 $1 0, 0, 00 00 0 0 to $1 $1 5, 4, 00 99 0 9 to $2 $2 5, 4, 00 99 0 9 to $3 $3 5, 4, 00 99 0 9 to $5 $4 0, 9, 00 99 0 9 to $7 $7 4, 5, 99 00 9 0 $1 to 00 99 ,0 ,9 00 99 to $1 $1 50 49 ,0 00 ,9 99 to $1 $2 99 00 ,9 99 ,0 00 or m or e

Pre-Katrina Post-Katrina

Sources: US Bureau of the Census, 2000 and LA Health and Hospitals, 2006.

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Economy
Pre-Katrina Historically, St. Bernard’s economy has been linked to jobs in manufacturing, transportation and warehousing, and construction. The marketplace of St. Bernard has changed drastically in the period since Hurricane Katrina, although many of the major industries have been able to recover fairly rapidly, despite the challenges. For example, according to the Department of Labor, the overall number of employers dropped between 2004 and 2006 by approximately 300. This is reflected primarily in healthcare, professional services, retail trade, and other services. 15 Figure 2-6 Number of Employers in St. Bernard Parish, 2004 - 2006
Public administration Other services, except public administration Accommodation and food services Arts, entertainment, and recreation Health care and social assistance Educational services Administrative and waste services Management of companies and enterprises Professional and technical services Real estate and rental and leasing Finance and insurance Information Transportation and warehousing Retail trade Wholesale trade Manufacturing Construction Utilities Mining Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 0 50 100 150 200

2006 2005 2004

Number of Employers
Source: LA Department of Labor, 2004, 2005, and 2006 Fourth Quarter Data by Parish

15

Louisiana Department of Labor report data is based on annual tax reports received by employers subject to the Louisiana Security Employment Law. More detailed cluster data available in Appendix D. BURK-KLEINPETER, INC. (10344-01) November 2008 In Association with N-Y Associates, Inc. and Fernandez Plans, LLC Page 2-7

ST. BERNARD PARISH LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION VISION PLAN

The number of employees was essentially cut in half, as would be expected in a location where over half of the population has not returned. This was evident in the inflated wages that were seen in the early months of the recovery throughout the region. The sectors that have seen the greatest employee losses are accommodation and food services, healthcare and social assistance, education, and retail. The sectors showing the greatest loss of employees resemble include many of the same sectors that suffered great employer losses. Figure 2-7 Number of Employees in St. Bernard, 2004 - 2006
Public administration Other services, except public administration Accommodation and food services Arts, entertainment, and recreation Health care and social assistance Educational services Administrative and w aste services Management of companies and enterprises Professional and technical services Real estate and rental and leasing Finance and insurance Information Transportation and w arehousing Retail trade Wholesale trade Manufacturing Construction Utilities Mining Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

2006 2005 2004

0

500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 Number of Employees

Source: LA Department of Labor, 2004, 2005, and 2006 Fourth Quarter Data by Parish November 2008 Page 2-8 Regional Planning Commission

CHAPTER TWO: EXISTING CONDITIONS

The inflated wages that were seen in that early period appear to have stabilized only slightly by 2006. Prior to Hurricane Katrina, the average weekly wage in St. Bernard was $586; it grew to $933 in 2005 and was at $966 in 2006; however the trends vary greatly from industry to industry. Figure 2-8 Average Wages in St. Bernard, 2004 - 2006
Public administration Other services, except public administration Accommodation and f ood services Arts, entertainment, and recreation Health care and social assistance Educational services Administrative and w aste services Management of companies and enterprises Professional and technical services Real estate and rental and leasing Finance and insurance Inf ormation Transportation and w arehousing Retail trade Wholesale trade Manuf acturing Construction Utilities Mining Agriculture, forestry, f ishing and hunting

2006 2005 2004

$0

$500

$1,000

$1,500

$2,000

Average Weekly Wages

Source: LA Department of Labor, 2004, 2005, and 2006 Fourth Quarter Data by Parish

BURK-KLEINPETER, INC. (10344-01) In Association with N-Y Associates, Inc. and Fernandez Plans, LLC

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Environment
The development and economy of St. Bernard Parish is linked closely to its geography. Its orientation on the Mississippi River and proximity to New Orleans are major drivers of its economy. St. Bernard Parish is located in the southeast corner of the New Orleans metropolitan area. To the north and west, it is bound by Orleans Parish and to the south it is bound by Plaquemines Parish. To the east, it is bound primarily by Lake Bourne, beyond which is the Gulf of Mexico. Much of the parish (76% of the 1.1 million surface acres in 2001) is undevelopable wetlands and open water beyond the Levee system. The wetlands and marshes beyond the levee system are the first line of defense from storm surge associated with hurricanes like Katrina and Rita, and suffered severe damage from these storms and as well as man-made causes, including the construction of levees and navigation canals. It is believed that approximately nineteen square miles of coastal wetlands were lost in St. Bernard between 1994 and 2006. 16 The levees, floodwalls and floodgates make up the second line of defense and finally, the eight pumping stations are the third and final line of dense. The floodwaters in St. Bernard came in from multiple sources. The first were the result of the breached Industrial Canal Floodwall in New Orleans, followed by water overtopping the 40 Arpent Canal Levee. The Corps of Engineers has repaired the MR-GO levee breaches and restored that levee to a height of 20 feet in St. Bernard Parish, with the expectation that it will settle to 17.5 feet, the pre-Katrina levee height. They are expected to raise it an additional 8 to 10 feet to comply with a Congressional mandate to meet a 100-year storm surge by 2011. 17 When the levees broke, the Murphy Oil refinery in Chalmette released approximately 25,110 barrels of oil into the nearby community, impacting what was originally thought to be 1,700 acres of land extending to Parish Road on the west and the Forty Arpent Canal on the north. This area includes 1,700 homes, many commercial businesses, as well as Chalmette High School and Lacoste Elementary Schools. 18 However, EPA studies have since determined that the extent of the damage is not as extensive as initially thought. As of April, 2008, Murphy Oil had spent $52 million to purchase 465 of the 571 properties in the buyout area. 19 In addition to the
16

Louisiana Speaks, Parish Information. www.louisianaspeaks.org. Accessed July 5, 2007.

17

Warren, Bob, “Corps to raise levee on MR-GO, Intracoastal Waterway in N.O.,” The Times-Picayune, May 29, 2007, online edition.
18

Murphy Oil Spill data provided by FEMA on 3/1/2006.

19

Rioux, Paul, “St. Bernard Council Agrees to sell fire station to Murphy Oil.” The Times-Picayune, April 18, 2008, online edition. November 2008 Page 2-10 Regional Planning Commission

CHAPTER TWO: EXISTING CONDITIONS

buyout area shown in pink on the map below, Murphy Oil is offering settlements to property owners located in Zones two through four. Details of the legal challenges can be found at: http://www.murphyoilspill.com/. Until legal actions are settled, additional details of the planned use of the area are unknown.

Source: The Murphy Oil Spill. http://www.murphyoilspill.com/.

Land Use
Existing Land Use
In 2001 – 2002, Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc., URS Corporation and Fernandez Plans, LLC, prepared a Land Use Study for the Regional Planning Commission (RPC). This Land Use Study catalogued the existing land uses throughout the Parish and designated future land use based on the perceived future needs of the Parish at that time. At the start of the current study, this information was reviewed and updated using Digital Ortho Quarter Quadrangle (DOQQ) Aerial Photography, windshield survey and input from the St. Bernard Planning Commission. Pre-Katrina uses were generally considered valid, although this data is not intended for use at the parcel level. For the purposes of this study, the project team utilized the American Planning Association’s (APA) Land Based Classification System – Activity dimension, second level of detail in their designation of land uses. In addition to the LBCS color coding system, the project team also utilized the designation of ‘mixed use’ in their future land use recommendations.
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Refer to Figures 2-11 through 2-16. 1000 - Residential Activities Residential activities include households living in single and multi-family structures as well as institutional living in dormitories or nursing homes. These activities comprised 4,933 acres of land or 27.7% of the study area. In St. Bernard Parish, the majority of households live in single family homes. According to the 2000 U.S. Census, there were 26,790 housing units in St. Bernard Parish. 77.2% of them (20,682 units) were single family, 14.8% (3,968 units) were multi-family and 7.9% (2,109) were mobile homes. Of the 26,790 housing units, 25,123 were occupied as of 2000. 74.6% (18,753) of the occupied housing units were owner-occupied. The remaining 25.4% (6,370) units were rented. 20 Nearly every housing unit in St. Bernard Parish had some damage from the hurricane according to FEMA reports. 21 As a result, housing sale prices had a steep decline immediately following the hurricane, but have slowly been on the rise through 2007. Figure 2-9 Average Home Sale Prices in St. Bernard, 2004 - 2007
$140,000

Average Home Sale Price

$120,000

$100,000

$80,000

$60,000

$40,000

$20,000

$0 Dec-04 Dec-05 Dec-06 Oct-04 Oct-05 Feb-05 Feb-06 Oct-06 Jun-05 Jun-06 Feb-07 Aug-04 Aug-05 Aug-06 Apr-05 Apr-06 Apr-07 Jun-07

Source: New Orleans Metropolitan Association of Realtors

2000-Shopping, Business or Trade Activities Shopping, business and trade activities are land uses that provide the goods and services upon which an economy depends. In St. Bernard
20

U.S. Census Bureau. Summary of Selected Housing Statistics 2000. Accessed June 19, 2007. www.factfinder.census.gov 21 Data provided to Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc on 3/1/2006.

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Parish, these commercial land uses are found primarily along two corridors; Judge Perez Drive and St. Bernard Highway. These activities made up 650 acres, or about 4% of all land uses within the project study area. Over two years after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, service-oriented retail is perhaps the slowest land use in the Parish to recover. At last count, the Parish reported approximately 500 re-opened businesses out of over 2,000 before the storm. 22 As shown in the economic section, many retail businesses (approximately 60) employing about 1,500 employees had not returned. 3000-Industrial, Manufacturing and Waste Related Activities St. Bernard Parish is home to two port facilities which facilitate a wide variety of transportation, warehousing, refining and other industrial activities. These industrial uses generally located along the Mississippi River and Paris Road. These uses make up 1,184 acres or 6.6% of the study area. 4000 - Social, Institutional or Infrastructure Related Activities This category of land use refers to many public and semi-public land uses that contribute to a place’s quality of life. It includes schools, libraries, medical facilities, military bases, utilities and religious uses. These types of land uses make up about 471 acres, or 2.6% of the study area. Prior to Hurricane Katrina, St. Bernard Parish had a single library, one community college, one hospital, and approximately 20 elementary and secondary public and private schools. Emergency services are located throughout the Parish, most of which have returned to service. Nunez College reopened for the fall 2006 academic year, and according to the Louisiana Board of Regents, had an enrollment of 1,064 for the Fall 2006 semester and 1,037 for the Fall 2007 semester. This was down about 40% from their pre-Katrina enrollment, which usually hovered near 2,300 students. The Chalmette Medical Center was demolished following the storm; however discussions with two groups, Ochsner Health System and the Franciscan Mission of Our Lade Health System about a new hospital site have been ongoing. 23 There were no permanent libraries open in the parish as of the writing of this report.

22

St. Bernard Parish Government, Returning Businesses. http://www.sbpg.net/. Accessed July 5, 2007.

23

Rioux, Paul. “St. Bernard Hospital Plans Detailed.” The Times-Picayune. November 14, 2007, online edition. BURK-KLEINPETER, INC. (10344-01) November 2008 In Association with N-Y Associates, Inc. and Fernandez Plans, LLC Page 2-13

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Following the hurricane, one public high school and one public elementary school were reopened for the 2006-2007 school year, as well as one Catholic elementary school. Mid-way through the year another middle school opened its doors. In the timeframe from October 2004 to February of 2007, enrollment in public schools in St. Bernard dropped from 8,872 to 3,764 students, a decline of 42%. 24 Enrollment rates for the 2007-2008 school year are as follows: Table 2-1 Public and Private School enrollment (2007-2008 school year) School Location Grades Capacity J.F. Gauthier Elementary N.P. Trist Middle C.F. Rowley Andrew Jackson Elementary Chalmette High School Our Lady of Prompt Succor Lynn Oaks School Poydras Meraux Chalmette Chalmette Chalmette Chalmette Caernarvon K-5th 6th-7th alternative K-5th 8-12th n/a n/a 62 1,843 1,631 313* n/a

Source: Louisiana Schools Online Directory. Louisiana Department of Education. June 23, 2008, http://www.doe.state.la.us/lde/directory/1757.html. * Non-public school data is for 2006-2007 school year.

5000 – Travel or Movement Activities This category of land use includes all modes of transportation, including: pedestrian, cyclists, vehicular, train, boats and aircraft. In St. Bernard Parish, the two port facilities fall into this category. This category of land use makes up approximately 3.2% of the study area, or 561 acres. The St. Bernard Port moved 3.7 million tons of cargo through it in 2006, and has been constantly growing in cargo tonnage every year since 1990 with the exception of 2005. The port facility and related industries employ over 600 people. 6000 – Mass Assembly of People This classification of land use includes activities of people assembling in large groups, including sporting events, movies concerts or entertainment, gathering at fairs, parade grounds, social, religious or cultural assemblies, gathering at museums and aquariums and historic or cultural celebrations. In St. Bernard, this classification made up 179 acres or 1% of the overall land use within the levee protection system. It includes the Chalmette
The Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy Program and the Greater New Orleans Community Data Center, The New Orleans Index, Second Anniversary Edition, August 2007.
24

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Battlefield as well as a number of churches. The Chalmette Battlefield is fully operational, although the Malus-Beauregard House is still closed for repairs. The Archdiocese of New Orleans announced their consolidation plans for parishes in April 2008. The archdiocese will take over maintenance of the unused buildings and determine their future use; with first priority being for church-related use, second for the greater good of the community, and the sale of property as a last resort. 25 7000 – Leisure Activities Leisure activities include all passive and active recreation spaces. In St. Bernard, areas devoted to leisure activities within the Study Area made up 304 acres, or 1.7%, well below the average for a population of this size. This designation includes a number of small scale playgrounds as well as the St. Bernard State Park, which is located outside of the levee protection system. As of May, 2008, several smaller sites remain closed. The Community Playground at Torres Park is reopened, as is the St. Bernard State Park. Outside of the levee protection system, the wetlands areas provide tremendous access to leisure activities such as hunting and fishing. 8000 - Natural Resource Related Activities Natural-resource related activities include farming, pasturing of livestock, logging and mining. Prior to Hurricane Katrina, according to the LSU AgCenter, plant enterprises in St. Bernard are comprised primarily of vegetables, particularly tomatoes and okra. Citrus fruits and forestry are also included in this group. Animal enterprises are a much smaller portion of the farming in St. Bernard. 26 There were about 1,121.5 acres of land within the project study area dedicated to farming, which is about 6.3% of the project study area. 9000 - No Human Activity Within the levee protection system of St. Bernard Parish, there are 8,400 acres of vacant or undeveloped land, which is nearly 48% of the Study Area.

Current Land Use Implementation
Zoning Regulations
The St. Bernard Parish Zoning Ordinance is Chapter 22 of the St. Bernard Parish Code of Ordinances. It is available on www.municode.com. It was
“Pastoral Plan to realign local Church.” Clarion Herald. Vol. 47 No. 15, April 19, 2008. http://www.clarionherald.org/pdfs/2008/04_19_08/header/04_19_08.pdf.
26

25

Louisiana State University Agriculture Center. Louisiana State Summaries, by Parish, 2004. http://www2.lsuagcenter.com/Communications/agsum/agsum04/parishtotals.aspx

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first adopted on June 1, 1965 for the purpose of promoting the health, safety, morals, convenience, order, prosperity and welfare of the Parish. The zoning ordinance is a standard Euclidean model, the most comment type of zoning ordinance in the United States. Uses are separated in geographical districts, and include prescriptive rules which define the dimensional standards for each site (setbacks, building heights, etc.). The specific districts, of which the boundaries are defined on the St. Bernard Zoning Map, are: Non-Residential: A-1 Rural District: C-1 Neighborhood Commercial District C-2 General Commercial District I-1 Light Industrial District I-2 Heavy Industrial District Residential: R-1 Single-Family Residential District R-1 (MS) Residential District R-1 (M) Residential District R-1 P Party-Wall Doubles Residential District R-2 Two-Family Residential District R-3 Multi-Family Residential District R-4 Mobile home Trailer Parks RO Residential Office Additionally, the ordinance includes a Suburban Agriculture District, the St. Bernard Village District, Planned Unit Districts (PUDs) and Rural Community Unit Plans (RCUPs).

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Citation
Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

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Citation
Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

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Citation
Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

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Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

ia l ol on C
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Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

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Imagery:

November 2008

Citation
Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

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Industrial Port Historic Site Agriculture Conservation Recreation Undeveloped Waterway & Lakes

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Moderate Density Residential Low Density Residential

November 2008

Citation
Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

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CHAPTER TWO: EXISTING CONDITIONS

Subdivision Ordinance
The subdivision ordinance 718-04-07 was enacted by the St. Bernard Planning Commission on April 9, 2007. Procedures are listed for the major subdivision of land (over three parcels) minor subdivision of land (3 or fewer parcels), agricultural or rural subdivision, and non-residential subdivisions. Requirements for improvements, reservations, and design included detailed specifications for roadways. Of note, Section 3.3 provides for general requirements with regard to frontage, grading and improvement and topography and arrangement; conformance with the Major Street Plan, block specifications, arterial access, and regulations related to streetlights, reserve strips, road construction and dead ends. Design Standards for roadways are also listed in this section. Minimum widths are given for various roadway types. Also of note, Section 3.7 requires sidewalks, curbs, and grass strips on all roadways to be dedicated.

Infrastructure
Water System
Prior to Hurricane Katrina, there was a single water treatment facility in St. Bernard Parish, located at 1111 East St. Bernard Highway in Chalmette. Although the design service capacity was 10 Million Gallons per Day (MGD), it was meeting peaks as high as 11.2 MGD before the storm. The average flow was 9.7 MGD. Potable water is then distributed to residents via distribution mains located along St. Bernard Highway and Judge Perez Drive. Water pressure is maintained by a series of elevated water towers and a booster pump station/above ground storage. In 2004, the Regional Planning Commission for Orleans, Plaquemines, and St. Bernard Parishes hired Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc., to study the potential for shared facilities between the three parishes. This study identified the opportunity for shared water between St. Bernard and Plaquemines Parishes using a connection at Hwy 39 and West Park Avenue. This is particularly important for emergency situations, as neither parish has the capacity to be self-sufficient during most emergency and maintenance events.

Sewer System
Prior to Hurricane Katrina, the St. Bernard sewer treatment system consisted of four separate major treatment facilities, an oxidation pond and two small package plants. Sewage was collected in the northeast portion of the parish through a system of collection lines and pumped to one of the four treatment

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ST. BERNARD PARISH LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION VISION PLAN

facilities. In Lower St. Bernard, two small package treatment plants were located at Tiffany Court and Heights Drive. All treatment plants and 89 of 92 lift stations were severely damaged following Hurricane Katrina. Container trucks were being used to drain the system and transport sewage to the plant for treatment. 27 Table 2-2 Wastewater Facilities Location

Dravo Wastewater Plant Fazendville Wastewater Treatment Plant Munster Wastewater Treatment Plant Violet Wastewater Treatment Plant Riverbend Oxidation Pond

Capacity Average Flow Peak Flow (MGD) (MGD) (MGD) Treatment 3.5 1.64 6.68 1.0 7.5 2.5 .5 .69 3.91 1.61 .95 5.14 10.8 4.93 3.32

The 2004 study also identified several opportunities for St. Bernard Parish to purchase sewer capacity from Orleans Parish which would provide a number of benefits to St. Bernard, including: • Eliminate the Fazendville Wastewater Treatment Plant on the Chalmette Battlefield and National Cemetery (a U.S. National Park) • Pump its flow to Dravo • Pump some or all of the wastewater which currently goes to Dravo to the Orleans Eastbank Wastewater Treatment Plant. Although some of the recommendations may at first glance appear out of date considering the reduced population caused by Hurricane Katrina; reevaluating opportunities for shared infrastructure provides new opportunities and benefits. There may be opportunities for cash-strapped parishes to eliminate duplication of capacity which is not needed in the short term, and restore service to the current population in a more timely fashion.

Electricity/Natural Gas
Entergy Louisiana provides electric service in the Parish. Natural gas service is provided by Atmos Energy. Service has been restored to most, if not all locations in the Parish.
Louisiana Speaks, Long Term Recovery Community Plan for St. Bernard Parish, December 2006.
27

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Regional Planning Commission

CHAPTER TWO: EXISTING CONDITIONS

Cable/Internet
Cable and internet service in the Parish is provided by Cox Communications. Service has been restored to most, if not all, locations throughout the Parish. In 2005, Cox developed a $250,000 emergency plan for the New Orleans Area. Following Hurricane Katrina, they conducted an “After Action Review” which led to a list of over 500 lessons learned. 28

Drainage/Flood Protection
Flood protection in St. Bernard Parish consists of a series of levees; those along the Mississippi River, the back levees and the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MRGO) levee system. Hurricane Katrina destroyed approximately 6 miles of the MRGO levee, although the 40 Arpent canal levee received little damage and the Mississippi River levee was virtually untouched. Twenty five days later, as Hurricane Rita made landfall 200 miles west, water again rose and toppled the Industrial Canal in New Orleans for a second time, adding to the flooding in St. Bernard. St. Bernard Parish has eight pumping stations, of which three were severely damaged by the storm. One had minor damage, and three remained in service throughout the dewatering operations. 29 The US Army Corps of Engineers (ACOE) continues to work towards the repair and restoration of the pre-Katrina flood protection system. Updated information on their progress is available at: http://www.mvn.usace.army.mil/hps2/index.asp#. According to their website, the Corps has full federal funding and is on track to complete the construction of the Hurricane and Storm Damage Risk Reduction System (HSDRRS) in 2011. The most recently available information on the status of levees and Advisory Base Flood Elevations (ABFEs) in included in Appendix E. The new DFIRMS were not yet available for St. Bernard Parish as of the writing of this report.

Transportation
Major Street Network
The existing major street network is defined by the Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development’s (LA DOTD) Highway Functional Classification Urbanized Area Map for New Orleans. This map includes all state highways, as well as other major streets recognized by LA DOTD as important components of the thoroughfare network and circulation plan within the urbanized area.

Moss, Linda. “Bracing for the Next Storm.” Multichannel News May 29, 2006, online edition.
29

28

St. Bernard Parish Government Report. http://www.sbpg.net/lopez102105.html

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There are currently 24 major streets located within St. Bernard Parish which are part of the LA DOTD functional classification map giving them potential access to FHWA funding once approved for the TIP. Within the study area, they total 53.4 miles of roads. They are listed in Table 2-3 and shown in Figure 2-17. There are an additional 285 miles of local streets which are also a part of the circulation network within St. Bernard Parish.

Navigable Waterways
There are two major waterways which ultimately define the project area: The Mississippi River and the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MRGO). The Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MRGO) is a 76-mile long man-made navigation channel that was completed in 1965. MRGO provided deep draft ocean going vessels access to the Port of New Orleans Inner Harbor Navigation Canal wharves. It is largely blamed for funneling Hurricane Katrina’s storm surge inland and the subsequent flooding that occurred in St. Bernard Parish, as well as the lower 9th Ward and Eastern New Orleans. After the completion of the draft of this report, the MR-GO was officially deauthorized when the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works (ASA-CW) forwarded the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers (ACOE) Chief’s Report for the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MRGO) Deep-Draft De-Authorization Study to Congress. Also included was the recommendation for a rock closure of the channel near Hopedale. This recommendation came from the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) prepared by the ACOE for the project. 30 The second defining major waterway in St. Bernard Parish is the Mississippi River. Commercial access to the waterway is provided at the Port of St. Bernard facilities at Arabi and Chalmette. There is a pedestrian/vehicular ferry crossing at the terminus of Paris Road (LA 47) which connects with the Westbank of Orleans Parish. Following Hurricane Katrina, an average of 37,680 vehicles and 480 pedestrians used the ferry monthly. The ferry currently operates from 6 AM to 8:45 PM, 7 days a week. Other navigable waterways in the project area or in the vicinity include Lake Pontchartrain, Lake Borgne, Bayou Bienvenue, the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway, the Violet Canal, Bayou Dupre and the Gulf of Mexico and its sounds.

30

Mississippi River Gulf Outlet. US Army Corps of Engineers, New Orleans District. June 5, 2008. http://mrgo.usace.army.mil/. Regional Planning Commission

November 2008 Page 2-32

Table 2-3 Existing Major Thoroughfare Network State Highway Number Name Archbishop Hannan de Bouchel Class From St. Bernard Highway To Length
Land Use and Recovery Characteristics Cross Section Description

St. Bernard Parish Land Use and Transportation Vision Plan

Materials/Condition

Function

Collector Street

Florida Avenue

1.27
Single family and Commercial/Industrial with drainage canal on one side north of St. Bernard Highway. South of St. Bernard Highway residential on one side, no current activity on other, residential subdivision coming Rural Functions as a truck route, especially south of St. Bernard Highway (not currently designated as a Major Thoroughfare

Aycock Street

Collector Street

St. Bernard Highway

Judge Perez Drive

0.34

2 lanes (apprx 30"), 3' sidewalk on one side) north of St. Bernard Highway, no sidewalk south of St. Bernard Highway

Concrete/Very Good condition. Drainage ditch north of St. Bernard highway is visually unappealing

LA 1245 LA 300

Bayou Road Bayou Road Colonial Cougar/Norton

Collector Street Rural Minor Arterial Collector Street Collector Street

LA 39/LA 46 LA 1235 St. Bernard Highway St. Bernard Highway

LA 1235 Verret Judge Perez Drive Benjamin Street

2.87 3.08 0.58 1.48

2 lanes

Asphalt/Good Condition

Rural Minor arterial

Rural

2 lanes

Asphalt/Good Condition

Rural Minor arterial

SF Residential. Recovery moderate

SF Residential. Recovery moderate

2 lanes (apprx 20-30" pavement), informal parking, sidewalks, planting Concrete/Good Condition strip, drainage? 2 lanes (apprx 20-30" pavement), informal parking, sidewalks, planting Concrete/Good Condition strip drainage? 2 lanes (apprx 24" - 30" pavement); 3" sidewalks on both sides with 6" planting strips; gravel parking shoulder Concrete/Moderate to Good. Worst section is south of St. Bernard Highway. Sidewalks and gravel parking areas in poor condition

Collects neighborhood traffic

Collects neighborhood traffic North of St. Bernard Highway may collect small amount of neighborhood traffic. South of St. Bernard highway, some neighborhood traffic and some truck traffic

Friscoville Avenue

Collector Street

Peters Road

Judge Perez Drive

1.03

SF residential north of St. Bernard Highway; South of Judge Perez - SF, MF and Industrial close to river with older housing stock. Recovery good south of St. Bernard Highway

Genie Street

Collector Street

Pakenham Drive

Palmisano Boulevard

1.29

SF residential. Recovery slow North of Judge Perez Drive - Boulevard SF moderate recovery. South of St. Bernard MF commercial recovery moderate (ripe for redevelopment!) Furthest south, SF recovery moderate Commercial/Industrial/Rural SF residential north of Judge Perez Drive, recovery slow. Between Judge Perez and St. Bernard Highway, commercial and multifamily, recovery very slow. South of Judge Perez, SF and MF, older housing stock recovery moderate pace

2 lanes (apprx. 24"), 3" sidewalks, 4" planting strip. Some informal on Concrete/Good Condition street parking Boulevard Street with Informal on street parking (apprx 20" pavement each side of 14-24" median). 3" sidewalks, 6" planting strips. Divided Highway - 4 lanes with median. Infrequent Sidewalks 2 lanes (apprx 24" - 30" pavement); 3" sidewalks on both sides with 6" planting strips; informal on-street parking north of Judge Perez. South of Judge Perez, gravel parking shoulder North of Judge Perez Drive, concrete moderate condition. South of Judge Perez Drive condition is very poor. Asphalt/Good Condition

Collects neighborhood traffic

Jean Lafitte Parkway

Collector Street

St. Bernard Highway

Benjamin Street

1.58

Neighborhood collector on either end. Commercial arterial just south of Judge Perez

LA 39

Judge Perez Drive

Major Arterial

Mehle Avenue

LA 39/LA 46 Intersection

11.08

Mehle Avenue

Collector Street

Peters Road

Patricia Street

1.55

Concrete/Moderate to Good. Worst section is south of St. Bernard Highway

North of Judge Perez Drive, collects some neighborhood traffic. South of Judge Perez serves truck traffic.

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Table 2-3 Existing Major Thoroughfare Network State Highway Number Name Class From To Length
Land Use and Recovery Characteristics Cross Section Description

St. Bernard Parish Land Use and Transportation Vision Plan

Materials/Condition

Function

Oak Ridge

Collector Street

Judge Perez

Genie Street

0.37

SF Residential. Recovery moderate

2 lanes (apprx 20-30" pavement), informal parking, sidewalks, planting Concrete/Good Condition strip, drainage?

Collects neighborhood traffic North of Judge Perez Drive, serves as arterial to Nunez (except its really narrow). South of Judge Perez as residential collector/arterial to institutional uses State highway, possible minor arterial serving institutional uses

Pakenham Drive

Collector Street

St. Bernard Highway

Genie Street

1.19

SF/MF north of Judge Perez, recovery 2 lanes (apprx 20") 2" planting strip, Asphalt/Poor north of Judge moderate. South of Judge Perez 3" sidewalks. Angle parking near St. Perez. South of Judge Perez, SF/institutional recovery good. Nice Oaks Bernard Highway condition is moderate and Cypress trees

LA 3238

Palmisano Boulevard

Minor Arterial

St. Bernard Highway

Judge Perez Drive

0.55

South of St. Bernard SF/institutional

2 lanes (apprx 24" pavement) no sidewalks, gravel parking on one side Concrete/Moderate and drainage ditch on other side

Palmisano Boulevard

Collector Street

Judge Perez Drive

Magistrate Street

1.01

Boulevard Street with Informal on street parking (apprx 20" pavement Boulevard SF moderate to good recovery. each side of 14-24" median). 3" sidewalks, 6" planting strips. Commercial - Very difficult for pedestrians

Concrete/Moderate

Collects neighborhood traffic

Paris Road

Collector Street

St. Bernard Highway Judge Perez Drive

Judge Perez Drive

0.43

5 lanes (apprx 76" pavement) 3" sidewalks sporadic. Not much access Asphalt/Good Condition control

Major arterial

LA 47

Paris Road

Major Arterial

Orleans Parish Line

2.92

Commercial - Very difficult for 5 lanes (apprx 76" pavement) 3" pedestrians Industrial/Commercial north of sidewalks sporadic. Not much access Asphalt/Good Condition levee. control. 4 lane divided north of levee 2 lanes (apprx. 24"), 3" sidewalks, 4" planting strip. Some informal on Asphalt/Good Condition street parking 2 lanes - striped (apprx 24" of Mississippi River Levee on one side, pavement). Gravel parking shoulder Concrete/Moderate to Good Industrial on other near Domino facility. Industrial/Commercial/Rural/Institutional/ 2 or 3 lane section (apprx. 34" to 50" Asphalt/Good Condition Residential pavement). SF residential. Recovery slow Rural 2 lanes Asphalt/Good Condition

Serves as major arterial

Patricia Avenue Peters Road LA 46 LA 46 LA 39 LA 39/46 St. Bernard Highway St. Bernard Highway St. Bernard Parkway

Collector Street Collector Street Major Arterial Minor Arterial Minor Arterial Minor Arterial

Mehle Avenue Mehle Avenue Mehle Avenue Bayou Road St. Bernard Highway Judge Perez Drive

Pakenham Friscoville Avenue St. Bernard Parkway Judge Perez Drive Plaquemines Parish Line St. Bernard Highway

2.22

Collects neighborhood traffic

Serves truck traffic

10.31 5.78 1.26 1.61

Major arterial

Rural Minor arterial

Rural

2 lanes

Asphalt/Good Condition

Rural Minor arterial

Rural

2 lanes

Asphalt/Good Condition

Rural Minor arterial

Compiled by Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc. 2007.

BURK-KLEINPETER, INC. (10344-01) In Association with N-Y Associates, Inc and Fernandez Plans, LLC

November 2008

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Citation
Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

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CHAPTER TWO: EXISTING CONDITIONS

Airports
Commercial and personal air travel in the region is principally served by the Louis Armstrong International Airport in Kenner, Louisiana, located approximately 35 miles from St. Bernard via I-10. In the three months before Hurricane Katrina (June, July and August of 2005), the airport accommodated 859,156; 881,552; and 716,332 passengers, respectively. For the corresponding months in 2006, the airport accommodated 66%, 64% and 72% of the previous year’s passenger air travel. 31 Additionally, there are two small private airports located in St. Bernard Parish, The first; Fisher’s field in Meraux, has a single general aviation airstrip. Southern Natural (SONAT) Gas Corporation’s heliport is located east of Poydras in lower St. Bernard. 32 Fisher’s Field is operational, and the SONAT Heliport is presumed to be likewise.

Railroads
Norfolk Southern Railway is the single Class I freight rail carrier operating in St. Bernard Parish. Norfolk Southern Railway lines link the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal, the St. Bernard Port facilities and to Poydras in lower St. Bernard and Braithwaite/Port Nickel in Plaquemines Parish. 33 Most rail lines were minimally impacted and were repaired and resumed operations within weeks of the storm.

Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities
According to the New Orleans Metropolitan Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan, the section of the Mississippi River Trail in St. Bernard Parish switches back and forth from LA 46/St. Bernard Highway, to the East Bank levee top. Industrial riverfront development forces riders to continue on LA 46 for nearly ten miles. This section of the trail passes the Chalmette Battlefield and National Cemetery. The Parish plans to provide a 10’ wide asphalt path atop the levee for several miles to the Violet Canal and ship docks. The southern most reach of the St. Bernard section is at St. Bernard State Park located at the St. Bernard/Plaquemines Parish line. This Park is the only state park on the Mississippi River in Louisiana. Parish officials say they are progressing forward with the planned implementation of the bicycle and pedestrian paths along the levee. According to the Plan, the only two agencies within whose jurisdiction the potential Mississippi River Trail can fall are the parish government and the Lake Borgne Levee District. Parish officials would prefer to enter into
The Katrina Index. Greater New Orleans Community Data Center and the Brookings Institution. Accessed March 23, 2007. http://www.gnocdc.org/KI/KatrinaIndex.pdf. 32 Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc., St. Bernard Parish Land Use Study 2001, Prepared for the New Orleans Regional Planning Commission, February 2002. 33 St. Bernard Parish Land Use Study 2001, Prepared for the New Orleans Regional Planning Commission, February 2002.
31

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ST. BERNARD PARISH LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION VISION PLAN

a joint-use agreement with the levee district and then build and maintain routes through the Parish Public Works Department. Though St. Bernard Parish has no specific bicycle plan or policy, Department of Public Works officials have been supportive of the concept of alternative transportation mainly for fitness and recreation, as opposed to commuter transportation. The Regional Planning Commission passed a resolution stating that they would see to the repair of all levee-top multiuse paths. A copy of this resolution is included in Appendix E. Higher priority for parish officials, according to the 2005 New Orleans Metropolitan Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan, is the improvement of sidewalks and their connection with transit facilities. Transportation funding in the parish is driven by public demand, and the public has expressed limited interest in bicycles as a means of transportation in urban-area commutes. Reasons cited included urban sprawl, hot and humid weather, and the lack of shower/change room facilities at work places. Appendix F includes more recent bicycle and pedestrian recommendations, developed after the completion of the Draft Report. It suggests a move towards a more comprehensive strategy of fully integrating the needs of bicyclists and pedestrians into all transportation projects. It also suggests the development of updated design standards to facilitate the design of these roadway projects. Finally, it includes a proposal, developed by the Regional Planning Commission, the University of New Orleans, the Louisiana Public Health Institute and the City of New Orleans for 34 miles of bicycle routes in St. Bernard Parish at a cost of $1.25 million. The proposed routes are on a combination of state highways and local streets, including: • Arch Bishop Hannan • Bayou Road (LA 300) • Colonial • Genie • Jean Lafitte • Judge Perez (LA 39) • Legend • Munster • Palmisano Boulevard (LA 3238) • Paris Road • Patricia Avenue • St. Bernard Highway (LA 46) • St. Bernard Parkway (LA 39) Additional details on segment lengths and cost can be found in Appendix F.

November 2008 Page 2-40

Regional Planning Commission

CHAPTER THREE: PLANNING UNIT ASSESSMENT

CHAPTER III
Planning District Assessment
In order to better understand how demographic characteristics are geographically arrayed throughout the parish, a data analysis was performed. The purpose was to get a better sense of what areas of the Parish appear to be recovering the most quickly, and what areas are experiencing the most limitations. The results will be used as input into future land use and transportation recommendations. The following questions were asked about each Census Tract within each of the six Planning Units: • What was this area like before Hurricane Katrina? Was it occupied by homeowners or renters? What were the income levels? What was the housing stock like? How do these factors appear to affect the area’s recovery speed and potential? How much flooding did the area get? What is the level of risk for flooding in future storms? Are there demolitions occurring? What was the level of damage in the area? What kind of activity is occurring? Are there trailers being sited on property. If not, why? Are utilities being reconnected? Do areas with two-story homes differ from those with one-story homes? Where do we see that residents are showing the intention to return?

These questions help facilitate a better understanding of the challenges that each planning district faces as it recovers. To answer the questions, in part, the project team analyzed and evaluated several data sets, including permanent utility reconnection permits (electrical and gas), demolitions, trailer sites (not .trailer parks), FEMA damage assessment and Road Home Applications as of March 2007. 34, 35 Additional information is available in Figure 3-A, which depicts elevation data, as well as Appendix E which includes FEMA and US ACOE flood protection and flood risk information available at the time of the writing of this report.
34 35

Data provided by St. Bernard Parish and the Regional Planning Commission Data limitations are documented in Appendix C BURK-KLEINPETER, INC. (10344-01) November 2008 In Association with N-Y Associates, Inc. and Fernandez Plans, LLC Page 3-1

ST. BERNARD PARISH LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION VISION PLAN

Planning District 1: Old Arabi/Chalmette West
Planning District 1, which consists of Old Arabi and the western portion of Chalmette, is the oldest and one of the most densely developed parts of St. Bernard Parish. This planning district consists of Census Tracts 303, 304, 305, 306.01, 306.02, and 306.03 (refer to Figure 3-1). This area makes up approximately 3,213 acres. This district comprised approximately 28% of St. Bernard Parish’s pre-Katrina population, with 18,622 persons living there in 2000.

Preexisting Conditions
According to the 2000 Census of the Population, this planning district had high homeownership rates, averaging generally between 60 and 90%, with the exception of Tract 306.03, where home ownership was as low as 15%. Incomes, on average, tend towards the mid $30,000 range, although they are lowest in Census Tract 306.03 and highest in Tract 306.01. The western-most Tracts - 303, 304 and 305 - and Tract 306.02 have a very high percentage of the population over age 65. These preexisting conditions may have some influence on the rate of recovery in this planning district.

Damage and Flooding
According to data reported by FEMA, the level of damage to structures in these areas varied somewhat throughout the planning district. However, this data is limited due to small sample sizes. While Tracts 306.01, 306.02 and 306.03 tended to have the highest percentage of structures in the 30 to 60% damage range and the 60 to 100% range, there was more of an even split in Tracts 303, 304, and 305. Elevations in this planning district range from below sea level in the northern, residential area to 6 to 10 feet above sea level in industrial area adjacent to the Mississippi River. Flood depth varied from 6 to 7 feet in the lowest-lying residential areas and from 2 to 6 feet closer to St. Bernard Highway. This caused considerable flooding in the areas consisting primarily of single story slab-on-grade houses in neighborhoods such as Carolyn Park. Demolitions vary greatly throughout the area, with the highest percentage located in Tracts 304, 305, 306.01 and 306.02. Demolitions were lower in Tract 303, where a fair portion of the housing stock is older and on higher ground reported somewhat lower demolition numbers whereas 306.03 had the lowest yet, likely due to the large renter population.

Intentions of Home Owners
Information about The Road Home Program selections being made by residents, while only showing a small sample of the population, gives
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some indication of the intentions of residents within the various areas. The three choices are: • • • Option 1: Return to your house Option 2: Relocate in Louisiana 36 Option 3: Relocate outside of Louisiana.

In Census Tracts 306.01 and 306.03, 10 to 11% of Road Home Applicants selected Option 1. Census Tracts 303, 304 and 305 were between 30 and 45% selecting to return.

Documented Return of Residents
Two indicators were used to determine the rate of return of residents: Trailer permits (outside of mobile home parks and temporary FEMA trailer parks), and utility (gas and electrical) permanent reconnections. Trailer permits were obtained for 10 to 15% of pre-storm occupied housing units in Census Tracts 303, 304, 305, and 306.02. Tracts 306.01 and 306.03 both had fewer than 4%. Permanent gas reconnections may be one of the better indicators of residents who have successfully completed renovation and have returned permanently to their homes. In Census Tracts 303, 304, 305 and 306.02, permanent gas reconnections ranged from 13 to 25%. Census Tracts 306.01 and 306.03 had rates that varied between 6 and 9%. Permanent electrical reconnections reflect similar trends, with merely 2% of pre-storm occupied housing units obtaining a permit to permanently reconnect their electricity in two of the hardest hit Census Tracts: Tracts 305 and 306.01, whereas 5 to 7% of pre-storm occupied housing units obtained a permanent electrical reconnection permit in Tracts 303, 304, 306.02 and 306.03.

Arabi/Chalmette West Conclusion
This analysis revealed that homeownership rates prior to the storm are correlated to the apparent rate of recovery, however a number of other factors which were hypothesized to have similar correlations did not. Factors which did not appear to influence the recovery speed included high rates of population over age 65 as well as higher median household income.

For the purposes of the study, it is assumed that participants that select Option 2 are not relocating to another structure within their Census Tract, although that is a possibility, and this technique will undercount those individuals. BURK-KLEINPETER, INC. (10344-01) November 2008 In Association with N-Y Associates, Inc. and Fernandez Plans, LLC Page 3-3

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Figure 3-1 shows a composite of several elements combined, giving a general sense of the rate of recovery. As would be expected, the areas of the lowest elevation, the greatest flooding and most significant damage have been slower to show signs of returning residents and recovery.

Planning District 2: Paris Road Area
Planning District 2 consists of the area surrounding lower Paris Road, consisting of Census Tracts 307 and 308 (refer to Figure 3-2). This area constitutes approximately 795 acres. These Census Tracts combined made up approximately 11% of the population of St. Bernard Parish with 7,338 persons living there in 2000.

Preexisting Conditions
Homeownership rates in this area were moderate as compared to those of the Arabi/West Chalmette planning district, hovering around 50 to 60%. Incomes, on average, tended to be slightly lower, ranging from the low $20,000 to the mid $30,000s. The percentage of the population over 65 was rather high, at 16.4% in Tract 308 and 20% in Tract 307. It is hypothesized that homeownership rates, income and age may have some influence on the rate of recovery for this district.

Damage and Flooding
According to data reported by FEMA, the level of damage to structures in this planning district varied between the district’s two Census Tracts, but generally damage was less severe in this planning district than in District 1. There are fewer structures which fall into the 60% to 100% damage category or the 100% damage category. Census Tract 307 shows almost even distribution in the 1 to 10%, 10 to 30% and 30 to 60% categories. Elevations in this planning district are primarily 2 to 6 feet above sea level, with some areas as high as 6 to 10 feet above sea level, despite the fact that this district does not extend to the Mississippi River. The slightly higher elevation of this area has been instrumental in its recovery, which has been comparably swift considering the devastation. Flood depths here ranged from 0 to 6 feet. Figure 3-A depicts elevation data for all districts, and Appendix E includes FEMA and US ACOE data flood protections and flood risk information. In these two Tracts, 8 to 10% of the housing stock has been demolished. This is consistent with the presumed amount of flooding in the area, as it sits on a gentle natural ridge.

Intentions
In the Paris Road area, Road Home applicants tended towards Option 1 more frequently than Options 2 and 3 combined. In Census Tracts 307 and 308, 67% and 56% of the Road Home Applicants selected Option 1,
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respectively, indicating that their intention is to rebuild their existing home.

Documented Return of Residents
The two indicators used to determine the rate of return of residents – individual trailer permits and utility reconnections – indicate high numbers of returning residents in this district. Trailer permits were obtained for 10.3% of the pre-storm occupied housing units in Census Tract 308, while they were obtained for 17.7% of the units in Census Tract 307. In Tract 308, 22% of the housing units have permanently reconnected their gas, whereas 39% have done so in Tract 307. And in Tract 308, 8% have permanently reconnected their electricity, while 12% have done so in Tract 307.

Paris Road Conclusions
In summary, the Paris Road Planning District sits on a gentle natural ridge, and thus received slightly less damage than surrounding areas. As a result, they have been able to ‘bounce back’ more quickly. These areas had moderate homeownership rates prior to the storm, which may indicate the availability of investment/rental housing in a stable area. These areas tended to have a larger than average percentage of the population over 65 years of age, and incomes are modest, all of which will are considered in determining future land uses.

Planning District 3: Chalmette East
Planning District 3 consists of the portion of Chalmette on the east side of Paris Road. This planning district consists of Census Tracts 302.03, 302.06 and 302.07 (refer to Figure 3-3). This area, which is approximately 1,796 acres in size, contained approximately 21% of the population of St. Bernard Parish with 14,202 persons living there in 2000.

Preexisting Conditions
Homeownership rates in this area were very high as compared to other areas of the Parish according to the 2000 Census. They range from 74% south of Judge Perez Drive to between 86 and 96% north of Judge Perez Drive. Incomes, on average, tended to be slightly higher, again, north of Judge Perez Drive and are about average to the south of Judge Perez Drive when compared to the Parish as a whole. The percentage of the population over 65 is as low as 7.4 to 11.4% north of Judge Perez Drive in Tracts 302.06 and 302.07, whereas it is relatively higher, at 18.4% south of Judge Perez Drive in Tract 302.03
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Damage and Flooding
According to data reported by FEMA, the level of damage to structures again varies geographically: development north of Judge Perez was more severely damaged than the Tract south of Judge Perez Drive (Tract 302.03). North of Judge Perez Drive, the two Census Tracts show most of the population in the 30 to 60% damage and 60 to 100% damage assessment rating categories, whereas south of Judge Perez, a greater portion of the population is shown to have suffered damages in the 1 to 10% and 10 to 30% category ratings. Elevations in this planning district are varied, with a small portion of the area closest to the back levee below sea level, and the majority of the residential area being between 0 and 10 feet above sea level, with elevations gradually rising near the Mississippi River (refer to Figure 3A). Despite the higher areas experiencing comparatively less flooding, the age of housing stock and slightly lower incomes may have contributed to the area’s less rapid recovery. North of Judge Perez Drive, 10 to 13% of the pre-Katrina occupied housing units had been demolished. South of Judge Perez Drive, only about 1.4% had been demolished.

Intentions
The selection of applicants in the Road Home program showed trends similar to those seen in other areas of the Parish: North of Judge Perez Drive, in Census Tracts 302.06 and 302.07, between 35 and 37% selected Option 1, whereas in Census Tract 302.03 (south of Judge Perez) 66% of the Road Home applicants selected Option 1, indicating that a higher percentage of applicants are choosing to return to areas south of Judge Perez.

Documented Return of Residents
North of Judge Perez Drive, in Census Tracts 302.06 and 302.07, trailers were obtained for 8.4 and 7.0% of the housing units, respectively. South of Judge Perez, in Census Tract 302.03, trailers were obtained for 14.4% of the housing units. Permanent gas reconnections have occurred at 16.7 and 17.6% of the housing units north of Judge Perez, whereas they have occurred at 27.9% of the units south of Judge Perez.

Chalmette East Summary
In summary, the recovery in the Chalmette East Planning District is divided by Judge Perez. South of Judge Perez, where elevations are higher and damage was less, recovery has occurred more quickly than to the north, despite lower incomes and more elderly people. However,
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when compared to other areas with similar geography and damage rates, the area north of Judge Perez in this Planning District doesn’t lag behind quite as much as those to the far west or immediately to the east.

Planning District 4: Meraux
Planning District 4 consists of the portion of St. Bernard from Murphy Oil to the Violet Canal. This area totals 4,231 acres in size, and includes Census Tracts 302.04, 302.08, and 302.09 (refer to Figure 3-4). According to the 2000 Census, there were 16,327 people living in this area, which was 24% of the total population of St. Bernard Parish.

Preexisting Conditions
Homeownership rates, incomes and age vary from Census Tract to Census Tract in this area, according to the 2000 Census. Tract 302.08, like most Tracts north of Judge Perez Drive, has somewhat higher incomes and incidences of homeownership, while having a very small percentage of the population over 65 years of age. Like most Tracts south of Judge Perez, Tract 302.09 has average incomes in the mid $30,000 range, lower homeownership rates, and higher numbers of individuals over 65 years of age. Census Tract 302.04, which traverses an area from the Mississippi River to the 40 Arpent Canal, bears characteristics similar to both of the other two Tracts in this area. While its homeownership rates and incomes are more similar to 302.09, it has a small elderly population.

Damage and Flooding
According to data reported by FEMA, the level of damage to structures again varies geographically, with changes occurring as one moves southwest through St. Bernard. As one gets further away from New Orleans, the proximity to the 40 Arpent Canal appears to be less of a factor for structure damage. This is evident in Tract 302.04, which extends from the Mississippi River levee to the 40 Arpent levee. In this Census Tract, there are more structures at the lower end of the damage spectrum. In terms of FEMA reported damage, Tract 302.09 shows the typical characteristics of areas south of Judge Perez and 302.08 is typical of areas north of Judge Perez. Tract 302.08 (north of Judge Perez) has had a high number of demolitions due to the extensive damage and very low elevations. However fewer trailer permits were applied for in this area. In Tract 302.09, just 9.4% of previously occupied housing units applied for a trailer permit (this includes both FEMA trailers and privately owned trailers). Less extensive damage and the higher elevations may account for fewer demolitions. In Tract 302.04, there were demolition permits for 16.3% of the housing units. In that area there were more houses at the lower end of the damage
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spectrum, but there were also a fair number at the higher end as well, which may account for the high number of demolitions. Elevations in this planning district are varied. North of Judge Perez Drive, elevations range from 2 feet above sea level to below sea level. These areas also tend to have some of the more recent subdivisions, with a tendency towards two story homes. The higher number of two-story homes may influence the ability for families to return more quickly by using the second story while repairing the first story. Below Judge Perez Drive, elevations range from 0 to 6 feet above sea level. Flood depths for this area were between 5 and 8 feet above Judge Perez Drive and 2 to 6 feet below Judge Perez Drive.

Intentions
In the Meraux Planning District, high numbers of Road Home applicants in Census Tracts 302.04 (north and south of Judge Perez) and 302.09 (south of Judge Perez) selected Option 1, at 71.7 and 59.1%, respectively. Far fewer selected Option 1 in tract 302.08 (north of Judge Perez, at only 34.4%.

Documented Return of Residents
In Census Tract 302.08, which is entirely to the north of Judge Perez Drive, there were trailers obtained for just 4.3% of the properties, whereas in Tracts 302.09 and 302.04 there were 12.5% and 13.0% respectively. Permanent gas reconnections do not follow the usual trends in this area; they are slightly higher in Tracts 302.08 and 302.09 than in Tract 302.04, at 17.7%, 19.4%, and 13.9% respectively. Permanent electrical reconnections are between 4% and 5% for all three Tracts.

Meraux Conclusions
In summary, the Meraux Planning District follows some of the same trends seen elsewhere, with the Tract which is entirely north of Judge Perez recovering more slowly than those Tracts either wholly or partially south of Judge Perez.

Planning District 5: Violet and Poydras
The 5th Planning District, Violet/Poydras, consists of 3,604 acres of land at the south east corner of St. Bernard Parish. Prior to the storm, in 2000, there were 6,821 people in this area, or 10% of the overall population of St. Bernard. It consists of a single Census Tract, Tract 301.03 (refer to Figure 3-5).

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Preexisting Conditions
2000 Census data for Violet/Poydras reveals that this area is typical of St. Bernard Parish, although Median Household Incomes appeared slightly lower than the Parish average, at $27,841. Homeownership rates were fairly high, at 86.3%. The population over 65 years of age was 8.3%.

Damage and Flooding
The Violet/Poydras Planning District includes the natural ridge of Bayou La Loutre which has contributed to slightly higher elevations, providing slightly more protection from the flood waters. This area ranges from 0 to 10 feet above sea level, and saw flood waters from 0 to 6 feet. According to data reported by FEMA, the level of damage to structures was lower in this portion of the Parish than elsewhere, and home demolitions were moderate at 13.2%.

Intentions
In the Poydras/Violet area, an overwhelming 80.1% of the Road Home applicants have selected Option 1, and are planning to return to their same residence.

Documented Return of Residents
In Violet/Poydras, there were trailers obtained for 21.8% of the properties, despite the damage information from FEMA indicating less damage in this area. Permanent gas reconnections have been made for 20.5% of the housing units.

Violet/Poydras Summary
In summary, the Violet/Poydras area appears to have suffered less damage as compared to other areas of the parish and may be at slightly lower risk of flooding than other areas. Because of this, the Violet/Poydras planning district shows fairly strong recovery, although much of the area is somewhat rural and represents a small percentage of St. Bernard’s overall population.

Planning District 6: Lower St. Bernard
Planning District 6 consists of Lower St. Bernard Parish. This area consists of 5,475 acres which extends from the Mississippi River east to the Verret Community. This area is centered on Bayou Road. At the time of the 2000 Census, there were 2,577 persons living in this portion of the Parish, or 4% of the Parish’s population. It is the most rural section of the parish (refer to Figure 3-6).
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Preexisting Conditions
2000 Census data for Lower St. Bernard reveals that this area is typical of St. Bernard Parish, with a median household income just lower than that of the Parish at about $33,220 in 1999. About 80% of the housing in this area was owner occupied, which was slightly higher than the parish as a whole.

Damage and Flooding
According to data reported by FEMA, the amount of damage to structures in Lower St. Bernard varied tremendously, falling into every category. It would appear that this area had some of the less damaged housing, but it appears that the great number of mobile home parks in this area show some of the highest damage. Like in the Violet/Poydras Planning District, Bayou La Loutre continues to run like a spine along the center of the Lower St. Bernard Planning District, providing a ridge of land that is 2 to 6 feet above sea level, beyond which is a small area, primarily uninhabited, between 0 and 2 feet above sea level. Flood levels here ranged from 0 to 3 feet adjacent to the Bayou to up to 6feet further out.

Intentions
In this area, 83% of the Road Home applicants selected Option 1, while only 17% selected Options 2 or 3. This indicates that the majority of homeowners are planning to return to their original structure.

Documented Return of Residents
In Lower St. Bernard, there were trailers obtained for 21.9% of the properties. Permanent gas reconnections have occurred at 17.4% of the housing units, whereas permanent electrical connections have occurred at 12.4% of the structures.

Lower St. Bernard Summary
In summary, Lower St. Bernard had a vast spread of damage, although the land is higher in elevation than other parts of the parish. The most severe damage appears to be associated with trailer parks. All other indications point to a fairly healthy recovery for this area, although it is sparsely populated.

Assessment Implications for Future Land Use
In summary, there are a myriad of factors which affect each individual property owner’s decision and ability to return home. For each planning district - and the Census Tracts within each - these factors when combined
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show trends which can be used to understand the limitations and needs geographically and to better plan for the future of the parish. Table 3-1 summarizes the information into three categories: high, moderate/varied, and low. Natural beaks in the data were used to determine the three categories for each selection. A “high” indicates an area which fared better than average. In terms of Elevation, this would indicate ‘high ground’ or less flooding, whereas in terms of documented activity “high” would indicated a greater number of trailer permits or more permanent utility permits. For Road Home intentions, “high” would indicate a greater portion of the population choosing Option 1, to return to their home. Table 3-1 Planning District Summary Table Damage Planning District/ and Census Tract Flooding 1. Arabi/Chalmette West
303 304 305 306.01 306.02 306.03

Documented Activity

Road Home Intentions

Summary

2. Paris Road
307 308

3. Chalmette East
302.03 302.06 302.07

4. Meraux
302.04 302.08 302.09

5. Violet/Poydras
301.03

6. Lower St. Bernard
301.04

High Moderate or Varied
Low

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Likewise, “low” in terms of elevation, indicates an area that fared worse, or was lower in elevation and therefore experienced higher flood depths. In terms of documented return of residents, “low” is indicative of areas where few permits were applied for. These areas tended to be highly renter occupied. For Road Home Intentions, “low” indicates areas where more of the applicants are choosing to locate out of state, or in a different structure. Most factors were considered to be either moderate, or varied too greatly to draw strong conclusions. As mentioned previously, this was a early stage planning level analysis intended to identify trends, particularly those falling to the extreme ends of the spectrum. Finally, in order to summarize the information, all factors were considered of equal weight. The maps that follow illustrate a the summary of the pace of recovery for each of the six planning districts studied from slowest, slow, moderate to quick. These maps similarly follow the same trends as those depicted in Table 3-1. The assessment of the six planning districts has several implications for the future land use planning of St. Bernard Parish. First, it is indicative of how each area varies in terms of the challenges that it faces as the residents move forward. This knowledge will assist government officials to make informed choices about the future needs of each area, and how these challenges and needs may vary from place to place. At two years out from Hurricane Katrina, the decisions of residents, businesses and industry are the strongest indicators of what to expect from future recovery trends. It is now up to St. Bernard to build on the strengths identified by the market to make sound choices for the future of St. Bernard. To date, the most widely accepted population estimate for St. Bernard Parish is 25,296, as reported by Louisiana Health and Hospitals in January of ’07, 37% of the 2000 population.

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1 2 3 4
July 2008

Figure No. 3-A

Planning Districts and Elevation
Legend 10 feet AMSL or higher 6-10 feet AMSL 0 - 2 feet AMSL 2 - 6 feet AMSL less than 0 feet AMSL

¯

Citation
Produced by : Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Asso ciates an d Fernandez Plan s, LLC for the Reg ional Plann in g Co mmissio n o f Jefferson, Orleans, Plaqu emines, St. Bernard an d St. Tammany Parishes

AMSL - Above Mean Sea Level. Hurricane Katrina Storm Surge was 4 to 7 feet higher than MSL

Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

5 6
Miles 4

0

1

2

3

Census Tract 302.04

¯
Gu ere nge rC ana l

Pa Pattr riiciia ca Ave Ave nue nue

Figure No. 3-1

Census Tract 305

Jea Jea nL nL a affiit ttte eP Pa ark rkw wa ay y

Ayc Ayc o ck o ck Sr Sttr ee eett

Census Tract 303

Census Tract 306.01

Census Tract 302.04
rd C ana l

Recovery Assessment
Planning Unit 1: Arabi/ Chalmette West
Legend

Co Co ug uga ar// rN No ortt ro on n

Me Me he hlle Ave Ave nue nue

Jud Jud ge P ge P erez erez Dr Driiv ve e

Gu

ich a

Census Tract 306.03

Census Tract Boundary Planning Unit Boundary
Gen ie S tree t

Av Av e enu nue e

Pa Pa k k en enh ha m am

Dr Dr iive ve

Pace of Recovery Slowest

Fr Frii sc o sc o v viillll e e

Census Tract 306.02

Census Tract 308

Slow Moderate

S Stt.. B Ber ern nar ard dH Hiig ghw hwa ay y
Census Tract 304

Par Par iis R sR oad oad

Quickest

Census Tract 302.07 Census Tract 307

November 2008

Citation
Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
Census Tract 302.03
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

0

0.25

0.5

0.75

Miles 1

¯
Land

Figure No. 3-2
ad Pa ris Ro

Recovery Assessment
Planning Unit 2: Paris Road
Legend

Jea Jea nL nL a affiit ttte eP Pa ark rkw wa ay y

Census Tract Boundary Planning Unit Boundary
rd C ana l ich a

Census Tract 306.01

Census Tract 302.04

Pace of Recovery Slowest Slow

r ve riive

Census Tract 306.03

Dr Dr iive ve

Gu

Pa Pa k k en enh ha m am

Gen ie S

Moderate
tree t

Quickest

Census Tract 308 Census Tract 306.02 Census Tract 302.07
November 2008

Citation
Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

rd H rd H iighw ghw ay ay

Par Par iis R sR oad oad

Census Tract 302.06

Census Tract 307 Census Tract 302.08 Census Tract 304

Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

0

0.25

0.5

0.75

Miles 1

Census Tract 302.03

Census Tract 302.09

Jea Jea nL nL a affiit ttte eP Pa ark rkw wa ay y

ich a

rd C

Census Tract 306.01
Gu

Census Tract 302.04

¯
Figure No. 3-3

Census Tract 306.03

Pa Pa k k en enh ha m am

Dr Dr iive ve

ana

l

Gen ie S

tree t

Recovery Assessment
Census Tract 308

Planning Unit 3: Chalmette East
Census Tract 302.07

Census Tract 306.02

Par Par iis R sR oad oad

Legend
Census Tract 302.06 Census Tract 302.08

Census Tract Boundary Planning Unit Boundary Pace of Recovery Slowest Slow Moderate

Census Tract 307

Census Tract 304

Quickest
Census Tract 302.03 Census Tract 302.09

November 2008

Citation
Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

0

0.25

0.5

0.75

Miles 1

Census Tract 302.07

Census Tract 302.06

¯
Figure No. 3-4

Census Tract 302.08 Census Tract 302.03

Recovery Assessment
Planning Unit 4: Meraux
Legend

Census Tract Boundary
Census Tract 302.09

Planning Unit Boundary Pace of Recovery Slowest Slow Moderate Quickest
St .B er na rd H

ig hw

November 2008

ay

Citation
Census Tract 302.04
Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

0

0.3

0.6

0.9

Miles 1.2

Census Tract 301.03

Census Tract 302.08
St .B

Census Tract 302.09
er na rd H

ig hw

ay

¯
Figure No. 3-5

Census Tract 302.04

Recovery Assessment
Planning Units 5 and 6: Violet/Poydras and Lower St. Bernard
Legend

Census Tract Boundary
Census Tract 301.03

Planning Unit Boundary Pace of Recovery
Census Tract 301.04

Slowest Slow Moderate Quickest

November 2008

Citation
Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

0

0.7

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CHAPTER FOUR: VISION AND GOALS

CHAPTER IV
Vision and Goals
The St. Bernard Parish Land Use and Transportation Planning process creates a plan which will serve as the foundation for the rebuilding of St. Bernard Parish in the wake of Hurricane Katrina.

Vision Statement37
As a first step, the Vision Statement developed by the Louisiana Recovery Authority’s Parish Planning Tool Process was reviewed with public involvement to ensure that public sentiment from that planning process was consistent with this study. It was re-evaluated to determine whether the statement continues to reflect the ideas, visions and goals of citizens of St. Bernard at this juncture, two years after Hurricane Katrina. At the revalidation of this statement, some prioritization and rewording occurred, but the general message was similar: The revised Vision Statement is: St. Bernard Vision 2007 With the marshes and wetlands restored and strong levees St. Bernard is safe from storms, and is a thriving, self sufficient community. The Parish provides safe neighborhoods that are accessible to community services; offers high performing schools; and makes available high quality healthcare. These elements have made the children who grow up in St. Bernard want to grow old in their neighborhoods. They are tied to the Parish because of the Parish’s rich history and great recreational opportunities. Our families are neighborhoods and our neighbors are family. Specifically,

Environment
1. The MRGO we once knew is a thing of the past. 2. The US Army Corp of Engineers has completed levee improvements that protect the parish for major storms and surge. This includes raising the Mississippi River levees as well as the back levee system.

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3. Coastal restoration projects have been completed and/or are continuing to regain lost marsh and wetland areas. These projects include Freshwater Diversion and Cypress replanting outside the levee system. 4. Our historic oak trees and other green space are thriving. 5. Oil clean-up has been completed and berms have been established to protect residents for future spills at local oil refineries. 6. The forests, wetlands, and waterways are healthy, and provide fishing and hunting opportunities.

Healthcare
1. There is a new medical complex that is the focus for community reconstruction. This complex is a mixed use project including the hospital, pubic safety, offices, retail and senior housing.

Housing
1. Add larger lot sizes: 10,000 sq ft. 2. Add zoning for wetlands areas to prevent inappropriate uses. 3. A neighborhood based map of the parish has been adopted and followed that enabled property owners a voice and a choice in what would become of their neighborhood. 4. A centralized housing information center provides both governmental and private nonprofit information to residents that have returned to rebuild. Newly constructed housing meets all building codes and floodplain elevation requirements. 5. Zoning codes are updated to reflect the needs of the parish postKatrina. This includes revamping the zoning code to include much larger lot sizes, using zoning and other regulatory mechanisms to protect wetlands.

Economic Development
1. The port has expanded both at Chalmette and adjacent to the Violet Canal. These expansions have provided over 1,000 new jobs to the Parish. 2. Florida Avenue has been completed and provides critical intermodal linkages between the Port and the interstate highway system. 3. Old Arabi is a vital historic community that has linkages to the river and Chalmette Battlefield. This has been the catalyst for renewed tourism into the Parish. 4. The Seafood and Farmers Market, coupled with recreational fishing and public piers have also expanded tourism as an economic engine in the Parish. 5. Recreational fishing communities such as Shell Beach and Delacroix are expanded. 6. The petro-chemical industry is maintained as a Parish economic stronghold.

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Public Safety
1. All government buildings and investments, including sheriff and fire protection are located on high ground and constructed in ways which are best suited to survive future flooding events and serve to keep the Parish safe.

Recreation
1. Val Reiss Park is the primary park and recreation area for the Parish; it includes playing fields, walking and biking paths, and indoor facilities. This park meets the current parish needs and future parks are planned to accommodate future residents. It is modeled after Sulphur, LA. 2. The commercial center offers many entertainment options including things like movies and theater. 3. Sydney Torres Park is upgraded and serves as the center of civic events.

Culture & Heritage
1. Museums and historic sites have expanded, serving local residents and tourists.

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Goals
The Louisiana Speaks Vision Statement provided above describes what St. Bernard Parish will look like after the actions related to Hurricane Recovery and Rebuilding occur for their achievement. The following Goals are broad statements which refine that Vision into statements of purpose. They are further described through objectives, which are still broad, but begin to identify specific strategies for accomplishing the Goals and the Vision. The following Chapter includes Policy Recommendations and Action items to reinforce the achievement of the Goals and Vision.

Goal #1. Preserve and Protect the Environment that protects us all
The closure of MRGO, coastal restoration, freshwater diversion projects, and riparian buffer building are all essential steps in repairing the systems which protect lives as well as public and private investments. These matters require serious attention on regional, state and federal levels. However, local development decisions must also be sustainable, and consider their impacts to floodplains, wetlands and water resources.

Goal #2. Provide a Range of Housing Choices for a balanced community
A balanced community provides a range of housing choices at varying price points. A diverse range of housing choices should be promoted. • This includes encouraging carefully designed compact neighborhoods that encourage walking, biking and a mix of residential and commercial uses with a range of housing types which rent and sell for different prices to reflect the diverse needs of the population. • Higher density developments will be encouraged on the highest ground, where the risk of extensive flooding during future hurricane events is the lowest. • In areas of the Parish where the risk of flooding remains the highest, because the land is the lowest, low-density (large lots) rural housing will be encouraged.

Goal #3. Redevelop in a logical, orderly and sensible manner
Vacant, underutilized land contributes to an overall decline in the character and fabric of communities. There is a surplus of underutilized land following Hurricane Katrina, and it varies tremendously in terms of size, scale, ownership, continued risk of flooding, and the ability of an area to independently rebound. • The parish, historically known for a “hands off” approach, must take a logical approach to redevelopment, because there is an
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increased burden of infrastructure and public service costs that will result if development is not logically directed to more cluster type development. Maintaining infrastructure to a smaller population over the same amount of land area means increased cost burdens per household to maintain infrastructure. With the vast amount of “Grayfield” land available for development in St. Bernard, the existing agricultural Tracts which separate communities should be preserved at all costs. Although Greenfield sites are generally easier to develop, a coordinated strategy of making land available for development will prevent the need to develop Greenfield sites.

Goal #4. Improve the Transportation Network
Improve and coordinate the network of transit, rail freight, truck, automobile, bicycle and pedestrian facilities. St. Bernard’s transportation network is based on 2 major east-west arterials and one north-south arterial, supplemented by a handful of north-south collector streets. Better rail/road interface and more pedestrian and bicycle facilities are desired.

Goal #5. Promote an economic development strategy that provides a stable economy and increases employment opportunities.
In order to regain the population necessary to maintain and improve on the pre-Katrina public systems, St. Bernard Parish must develop a coordinated strategy to grow its major industries, such as petro-chemicals, manufacturing, shipping and transportation. By creating new jobs and attracting new residents to St. Bernard, a void can be filled.

Goal #6. Preserve Rural Lands and Heritage
St. Bernard Parish is well known for its fishing and farming roots. The abundance of blighted grayfield properties are to the detriment of existing communities. It is now more important than ever to preserve rural and agricultural land as a back door strategy to manage development growth in the Parish.

Goal #7. Improve Recreational Opportunities
Take the opportunity to redefine the Parish through recreational opportunities. This includes an integrated system of large parks for events and organized sports, linear parks for jogging, walking and biking, small neighborhood parks and playgrounds, indoor recreation and recreational programming.

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CHAPTER V
Land Use and Transportation Recommendations
The result of the St. Bernard Land Use and Transportation Vision Planning process is a series of recommendations to guide the redevelopment of the parish in an orderly and logical way. This is built on a year long process of research and data analysis, with community input into the guiding principles of the document. This planning process builds on other planning processes which have occurred in the period since Hurricane Katrina. However, this study benefits from the passage of time which allows it the ability to observe and analyze continued market trends.

Policy Areas: ReInvent, ReThink, ReBuild.
Different strategies are appropriate and applicable to the different areas of the Parish based on the rate of population return versus the risk of future flooding. This project has begun a generalized process of identifying which areas are rebounding and makes broad-based assumptions as to why. However, it is by no means a final product. Recovery is a fluid process, which St. Bernard Parish planning staff will have to grapple with daily on a more detailed level and constantly revisit policies, programs, and incentives based upon continued trends in recovery data. This study provides a broad policy framework: ReInvent, ReThink, and ReBuild. Because recovery is not static, areas may transition amongst fields, possibly moving from ReThink to ReBuild, ReBuild to ReThink, or any other combination. Consequently, no map depicting assigned zones of “ReBuild,” “ReThink,” or “ReInvent” is provided.

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Figure 5-A Policy Areas Higher Risk/ Lower Return

ReInvent

ReThink

ReBuild

Less Risk/ Lower Return

Less Risk/ Higher Return

ReInvent
In these areas, the risk of widespread future flooding remains high, and residents have been reluctant to return. Because of this, it is most appropriate for densities to remain low in these areas, and future development should be built higher in order to protect property from possible future flood events. Grayfield properties in this area should become greenspace, be landbanked, or enter lot next door programs to increase lot sizes for returning residents. The demand does not exist to revert these areas to their former development pattern, nor is it wise given the potential risk for reoccurring floods. Small lot sizes will diminish the chances of development to be concentrated at higher elevations. Residents who have already reinvested in these areas should be integrated into the pattern for redevelopment or given the opportunity to relocate through property swapping. Zoning trends in these areas would favor rural residential, and conservation patterns. Infrastructure repair and public investment in these areas should be on an as needed basis, as they impact the fewest residents and have the greatest risk of future damage.

ReThink
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In these areas, the risk of extensive future flooding is a somewhat lower, as these areas tend to be at higher elevations and experienced less flooding during Hurricane Katrina. However, the rate of return in these areas is only moderate or low. This is primarily due to either a lack of demand for the pre-storm land uses, a lack of willingness of land owners to reinvest, or other factors. These areas may be smaller in size, more scattered throughout the Re-build zones, and could also be considered redevelopment nodes, in some cases. They will likely include formerly large scale uses such as school sites, shopping centers, apartment complexes and in some cases residential neighborhoods – likely those which are the most outdated. Grayfield properties in these areas should generally be landbanked and then later developed at moderate to higher densities. In some areas, lot next door programs may be appropriate to deal with residential properties. Residents who have reinvested in these areas will be incorporated into the redevelopment pattern. Clustering is a potential strategy for the redevelopment authority. Because there is lower risk in these areas, this is where new, mid-to larger scale new development projects should be steered. These new developments should provide a range of housing choice, transportation choice (including pedestrian and bicycle facilities) and provide opportunities for mixing neighborhood retail in with residential uses. Design should be an important consideration. Zoning strategies used in these areas would favor the use of Planned Unit Developments (PUDs) to achieve the repopulation of these areas. Infrastructure and other public investments in these areas should be done in conjunction with private investment and development.

ReBuild
In these areas, the risk of extensive future flooding is also somewhat lower, because like the “ReThink” areas, they tended to be at higher elevations and experienced less flooding. In some cases these areas experienced some of the least flooding. In any case, these are the areas where the rate of returning population is the greatest, and the overall strategy is to strengthen and improve on the existing development pattern. The “ReBuild” areas fall into two categories: Rural ReBuild and Suburban Rebuild. In the Suburban Rebuild areas, the strategy for grayfields is infill. Although lot next door programs may occasionally be appropriate in these areas, particularly as an interim strategy, the goal should be to repair the streetscape and neighborhood context which existed previously. On commercial corridors, corridor planning and overlay zoning should be used to improve the appearance of the corridor, including signage, landscape, and setbacks. These areas are the top priority for the repair of infrastructure and other public investments, because those
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improvements affect the greatest number of residents and are the most likely to be unaffected in future storms.

Implementation Plan
General Recommendations
In order to truly implement a redevelopment strategy, the parish needs a fully staffed planning department which can take the broad recommendations of this plan and refine them into a Parish Comprehensive Plan with a definitive, achievable implementation scheme. Included in that document should be the following elements: 38 • Vision • Land Use • Land Market Initial Study and Monitoring • Housing • Transportation • Economic Development • Community Facilities • Recreation • Critical and Sensitive Areas • Natural Hazards • Implementation The land use element of the Comprehensive Plan should follow the logical policy area context described on the preceding pages. They are based on carrying capacity of and demand for land. The land market evaluation will support this context and provide greater detail. Both this and the land use element will require annual review and updates for several years to come, until the parish is able to truly have a handle on land use demand in the parish. This will also require changes to the zoning code to address land use goals. Approaching it from a neighborhood planning perspective will facilitate planning for the redevelopment of properties in communities to be cohesive with the existing neighborhood fabric. This Land Use and Transportation Vision Plan will serve as a general input into that plan. Environment Several of the environmental issues of the parish, particularly relating to the flood control and hurricane protection system, are beyond the control of the Parish, however, there are environmental issues which can be addressed through land use planning, controlling the development pattern, and enforcing regulations which will protect the environment and enhance the flood control and coastal restoration projects underway by others.

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Greater detail on the APA Guidelines for these elements is included in the 2002 Land Use Study. Regional Planning Commission

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• • • • •

Develop and promote a system of open space corridors to provide recreational opportunities and to expand opportunities for floodwater retention. Priority areas may be established adjacent to existing drainage canals. Refer to Map F1 in Appendix F for locations of canals. Promote protection and restoration of the coastal wetlands through partnerships and outreach to non-profit agencies with this mission. Minimize adverse environmental impacts in infrastructure and transportation projects by adopting best practices Guide urban development to grayfield sites through zoning and incentives Protect rural land through zoning or stewardship Improve stormwater management practices by adopting best practices

Housing Providing a diverse range of housing opportunities allows families and individuals of different ages, incomes and life situations to live together in the community. This also allows workers of different skill and wage levels to be located nearby to a variety of employers. To achieve housing goals, the following measures are recommended: • Develop a housing plan to ensure that households of all sizes and incomes have a choice of residential locations. This plan should: o Provide affordable housing for low and moderate-income residents and families o Preserve existing affordable housing for low and moderateincome people o Promote accessible housing for people with disabilities • Reinvest in existing neighborhoods, particularly those bearing the characteristics of the “ReBuild” areas • In “Rethink Areas”, use Planned Unit Development to mix uses and incomes. • Support efforts to locate jobs and housing close to each other. Land Redevelopment • • • • Adopt a strategy for redevelopment based on the policy recommendations of ReInvent, ReThink, ReBuild. Strategize public investment in order to stimulate private investment Adopt and continue to refine future land use map neighborhood by neighborhood. Revise zoning based on future land use map o Revise PUD ordinance o Adopt Mixed Use Zoning
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• •

o Adopt Corridor Overlay Coordinate future land use map and redevelopment goals with redevelopment authority to redistribute properties they have been acquired through the Road Home programs. Develop and implement a similar plan for blighted property.

Transportation • Develop a continuous system of bikeways for recreational use. • Adopt Corridor Overlays. • Implement Transportation Plan. • Integrate Rail/Roadway systems. Economic Development • Use a local development organization (such as the St. Bernard Economic Development Commission) to retain existing businesses, to expand existing businesses and to attract compatible new businesses. • Review and amend land use and zoning to ensure that commercial and industrial sites are appropriate to attracting/preserving businesses. • Provide the necessary infrastructure to enable businesses to operate successfully • Build on St. Bernard’s strengths – low crime, good schools, workforce, and improved recreational opportunities (in the future) to attract development. • Create EDDs/Historic Districts where appropriate to receive Restoration Tax Abatements as a tool to revitalize commercial nodes to stimulate private investment • Promote tourism/eco-tourism based on St. Bernard’s Fishing, hunting and other natural resources leisure activities. Rural Land • Seek opportunities to redevelop vacant/underutilized properties within communities before converting undeveloped land at the edges to urban uses. • Limit development pressure that may occur as a result of other decisions. • Use rural/agricultural zoning where appropriate. Recreation • Develop and implement a long range plan for recreation improvements which includes acquisition of land, location of new parks, improvements to existing parks, acquisition and maintenance of equipment, and expansion of programs offered.

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• •

Coordinate recreation plan with land redevelopment strategy and redevelopment authority. Coordinate with transportation plan to accommodate linear parks with bicycle and pedestrian opportunities.

Aesthetics • Adopt Corridor Overlays. • Adopt Design Standards. • Adopt Traditional Neighborhood design guidelines. • Designate one or two SmartCode test corridors and adopt Smart Code in those locations, as a trial run. • Use PUD ordinance to encourage compact design and a mixed uses in new developments. Community Facilities • Encourage the redevelopment of the hospital and the reestablishment of medical facilities. • Adopt a strategy for public reinvestment which considers location based on risk of reflooding. • Repair and rebuild infrastructure based on strategic planning which considers risk, private investment.

Future Land Use Map (FLUM)
This future land use map (Figures 5-1 to 5-6) is designed to serve the projected needs of St. Bernard Parish as it is resettled following Hurricane Katrina. This plan is based on the goals discussed in Chapter Four. This plan is intended to provide guidance to the local government on a logical pattern of redevelopment, given the challenges the community faces. District 1: Arabi/Chalmette West Figure 5-1 depicts the Future Land Use Recommendations for Planning District 1. Within this area, the Port of St. Bernard, industrial uses, and Chalmette Battlefield sites adjacent to the River are encouraged to continue in their current pattern of use. Likewise, most vacant, agricultural, and recreation land is encouraged to remain in its current use, with the exception of the site identified for the future hospital, which is designated as institutional (The Meraux Tract). Mixed use is recommended in the Friscoville Area and the Village Square Area. All residential land north of Judge Perez Drive, and residential land to the West of Cougar/Norton and north of St. Bernard Highway are recommended for consideration of low density. This could be in the form

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of conservation subdivision, 39 cluster development, large lot subdivision or ranchette style development. District 2: Paris Road In the Paris Road Planning District, most uses south of Genie Drive should generally redevelop in a similar pattern to that which existed in the area prior to Hurricane Katrina. However to the north of Genie Drive, mixed use should be encouraged adjacent to Nunez College, from the Guichard Canal to the Delaronde Canal. District 3: Chalmette East In the area of the Parish between the Delaronde and Meraux Canals, the general trend of existing development south of Judge Perez Drive is anticipated to remain. North of Judge Perez Drive, the buyout area for the Murphy Oil spill is designated as conservation on the Future Land Use Map, although it is likely that its true future use and the exact boundary will not be known until the law suits are settled. The residential area to the north of Judge Perez Drive in this area is also recommended for lowdensity residential. As noted above, this could be in the form of conservation subdivision, clustered development, large lot or ranchette style development. District 4: Meraux The agricultural and vacant uses which comprise a large portion of the Meraux Planning District are encouraged to remain in the future. Like elsewhere in the Parish, residential areas to the north of Judge Perez Drive are encouraged to utilize a lower density pattern in the future, as noted in the previous sections, District 5: Violet The Violet Planning District is primarily comprised of vacant land, which should continue to remain vacant in the future. The only minor change in the Violet Planning District is the re-designation of high density residential land currently used for mobile home parks as moderate density residential in the future. As these temporary, non-conforming uses are phased out, overtime, they will become appropriate for residential redevelopment. District 6: Lower St. Bernard Lower St. Bernard Parish currently consists of long linear tracts of land extending out from St. Bernard Highway and Bayou Road, surrounded by vacant land. The existing uses of agriculture, industrial and commercial uses are anticipated to remain in the future. Like the Violet District, areas designated high density and used for mobile home parks are designated as moderate density in the future. These temporary, non-conforming uses
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Refer to the book, Rural by Design by Randall Arendt Regional Planning Commission

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will eventually be phased out and the sites redeveloped at a more moderate density.

Anticipation of Space Needs
1000- Residential Activities Chapter Three provides an overview of residential reinvestment following Hurricane Katrina. Most notably, it shows that in several areas of the parish there are areas which have not shown any signs of returning to their pre-storm character. Those areas, generally, need to be rethought. By and large, the risk of future flooding here, combined with pre-existing conditions (age of housing stock, size of lots, etc) anticipate this. The future land use map recommends that these areas be designated as low density residential. 40 Assuming an average density of about 2 units per acre for those areas designated low density on the Future Land Use Map (FLUM), with a slight increase to the moderate density residential classification (to accommodate for new developments using compact design, mixed use, etc.). It should be noted that within these areas, there may be pockets of neighborhoods which have had a greater return of residents (50% or more), and where that is the case, those areas should be changed on the FLUM to reflect that. In the FLUM, there are 4,777 acres of land designated to residential land uses. This does not include land designated to mixed use, but it does include space that could be converted to permanent green space. Table 5.1 Residential Land Allocation
Acres Existing Land Use Low Density Moderate Density High Density Future Land Use Low Density Moderate Density High Density 270 4,167 498 Units/Acre 2 5 15 Avg HH size People/Acre 2.3 2.3 2.3 4.6 11.5 34.5 People 1,242 47,921 17,181 66,344 14,987 22,830 3,485 41,301

3,258 1,418 101

2 7 15

2.3 2.3 2.3

4.6 16.1 34.5

2000 – Shopping, Business, or Trade Activities
Using conservation subdivision or clustered development in these areas can allow the Parish to address infrastructure needs more efficiently. Use of large lot or ranchette style development may allow for a shift to onsite facilities, such as the use of Water wells, Package Plants, Septic, or new other new technologies more appropriate in less urban environment. BURK-KLEINPETER, INC. (10344-01) November 2008 In Association with N-Y Associates, Inc. and Fernandez Plans, LLC Page 5-9
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From 2004 to 2006, employment in office based sectors, such as professional and technical services, finance and insurance, and real estate all dropped off substantially, at -48%, -85%, -79%, respectively. This means that the office space needs for the parish have also been reduced by approximately 50 to 85%. Likewise, retail employment has dropped by 65%, indicating that the retail space needs of the parish had also dropped by about 65%. This trend will likely start to turn around as large scale retailers such as Home Depot and Walmart return. In order to be conservative in planning for the future, the amount of land area allocated to commercial uses should be reduced by nearly 25%. This is not indicated on the FLUM. The decision of where commercial uses should be emphasized should be made based on a study of where retailers and offices are returning, and what sites will likely remain available for a lengthier period of time after a full market analysis is performed. Because these sites are located primarily on commercial corridors such as Judge Perez Drive and St. Bernard Highway, their reuse for commercial or institutional uses is a priority. In the FLUM, there are 673 acres dedicated to commercial use, but it is thought that that number should be reduced by approximately 170 acres, after a more detailed review of commercial recovery through a market analysis. 3000-Industrial, Manufacturing and Waste Related Activities St. Bernard Parish’s major industrial land holders have seen only moderate declines in the number of employers and employees from 2004 to 2006. As such, no major changes have occurred to industrially designated land in the Future Land Use Map (FLUM). There are 1,173 acres of land designated to industrial uses in the FLUM. 4000- Social, Institutional, or Infrastructure Related Activities From 2004 to 2006, employment in public administration dropped by 33%, whereas healthcare employment dropped by over 80%. This will likely change when hospital plans are finalized. The former hospital site has been reallocated as mixed use on the FLUM, which is linked to plans for student housing near Nunez Community College, however many institutional, public and healthcare related sites may not be needed in the future due to a smaller population base. It is recommended that the Planning Department work with the School Board and other institutional property owners to determine their future land requirements and what land should come back into commerce. Those institutional sites located in neighborhoods should be considered for
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adaptive reuse projects, recreational sites, or infill development projects as a priority. Therefore, with the exception of the former hospital site, these individual changes are not reflected on the FLUM. There are 540 acres of land designated to these categories in the FLUM. 5000- Travel or movement activities No changes have been recommended for this category of activity, therefore, there are 561 acres designated for travel activities (primarily the Port). 6000 – Mass Assembly of People No changes have been recommended for this category of activity, therefore there are 179 acres dedicated to these uses. 7000 – Leisure Activities According to the existing land use data, there were 304 acres of recreation land divided into the following general categories: Regional Parks Regional parks are typically over 100 acres and serve a radius of 25 miles. St. Bernard State Park, located in the southwest corner of the Parish is 186 acres. Community Parks Community Parks are typically around 20 acres and serve multiple neighborhoods within approximately 1 mile radius. There are two such parks in St. Bernard Parish, Val Reiss (43.5 acres) and Sidney Torres (20.4 acres). Neighborhood Parks Neighborhood Parks are typically 10 acres or smaller, and serve a radius of approximately .5 miles. There are 11 Neighborhood Parks in St. Bernard, including Lee Playground Bonart Playground, Vista Park and Ballfield, Rothschild Patricia Park, Rebel Park, Carolyn Park Playground, and others associated with schools, churches or other public facilities. In total, there are 57 acres between the 11 sites. When compared to national standards for recreational land, St. Bernard Parish comes up about 65 acres short for a municipality of its size, and also lacks sufficient organized sports programs, adult continuing education, indoor recreation facilities and community centers and passive recreational opportunities.
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8000 – Natural Resources Related Activities No changes have been recommended for this category of activity, therefore, there are 1,121 acres designated for natural resources related activities. This designation could include eco-tourism in the future. 9000 – No Human Activity There are 8,344 acres of land which are recommended to remain undeveloped in the FLUM. The only change from the Existing Land Use is in dedicating a portion of one of the Meraux Tracts for the hospital, as indicated is the plan by the Parish Council and Planning Commission. It is now more important than ever to steer development into previously developed areas. 9999-Mixed Use There are 190 acres of land dedicated to mixed use on the FLUM. This includes several sites located in Old Arabi and the area from Village Square to Nunez College. There are a number of reasons why communities are moving towards mixed-use and compact development, including the inefficiencies associated with suburban development patterns. Both the aging Baby Boomer population and Generation Xers are demonstrating a desire to live in more walkable neighborhoods with accessibility to services and amenities near home. This style of development also makes for more efficient use of public infrastructure and increases the viability of transit. In areas that demonstrate a desire and demand for this “urban village lifestyle”, the Planning Department will need to update codes accordingly to facilitate, rather than hinder this style of development. There are several mechanisms to achieve mixed-use development, and St. Bernard Parish will need to choose the methods most appropriate for it to enhance implementation capabilities. Some of the policies and tools that St. Bernard should entertain to effectively allow for smart growth development to occur include: • Include a mixed use category in their existing Zoning Code. • Update the Planned Unit Development (PUD) ordinance to encourage Planned Developments with a mix of uses. Currently, St. Bernard Parish has a PUD ordinance, but updating it may make it more attractive to achieve this style of development. • Adopt a Traditional Neighborhood Development Ordinance for use as an overlay zone. Like the two preceding mechanisms, this could be done within the existing zoning ordinance. • Adopt a form based code in areas where form is the preferred regulatory item over function (ie., SmartCode). This is a long-term solution which will entail a study period and may likely require more staff in the future.
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Citation
Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

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Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

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Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

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Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

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Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

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November 2008

Citation
Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

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Future Land Use
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Industrial Port Historic Site Agriculture Conservation Recreation Undeveloped Waterway & Lakes

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Commercial Mixed Use Institutional Public High Density Residential

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Moderate Density Residential Low Density Residential

November 2008

Citation
Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

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CHAPTER FIVE: LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION RECOMMENDATIONS

Future Transportation Plan
Proposed Major Thoroughfare Network
There are no major changes from the existing transportation network to the future transportation network, with the exception of the implementation of the Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) and the reclassification of some roadways and some minor modifications to roadway classifications, including changing Pakenham Drive from a collector street to a minor arterial and designating Bayou Road as a rural arterial. The TIP projects are listed in Table 5-2. Table 5-2 St. Bernard Parish Projects form the Transportation Improvement Program, Fiscal Years 2008-2011 Project Proposed Estimated Fiscal Year Description Improvement Cost
Packenham/Jackson
(LA 46 -LA 39)

Project Number
742-44-0006 703-44-0001 844-05-0004

Reconstruction New Bridge Overlay Intersection Improvements Rehabilitation - C

$4,000,000 $81,256,000 $500,000 $280,000 $1,000,000

2008 2008 2009 2011-2016 2011-2016

Florida Avenue Bridge
(Tupelo to Paris Road)

LA 3228
(LA 46 to LA 39)

LA 47 at LA 439 Rowley Street 742-44-0005
(Judge Perez/LA 39 - St. Bernard Highway/LA 46)

Rowley Street 742-44-0005 742-44-0007 742-44-0008 742-44-0009 742-44-0010 742-44A
(Judge Perez/LA 39 - St. Bernard Highway/LA 46)

Rehabilitation - E Reconstruction Rehabilitation Reconstruction Rehabilitation Rehabilitation

$150,000 $1,500,000 $2,300,000 $1,750,000 $3,300,000 $1,500,000

2011-2016 Hurricane Katrina ER Hurricane Katrina ER Hurricane Katrina ER Hurricane Katrina ER Hurricane Katrina ER

Jean Lafitte Blvd, Ph.1
(LA 46 to Livingston)

Jean Lafitte Blvd, Ph.3
(Florida Canal to Fairfax)

Jean Lafitte Blvd, Ph.2
(Livingston to LA 39)

Jean Lafitte Blvd, Ph.4
(Fairfax to LA 39)

Patricia
(Jean Lafitte - Cougar)

Source: Transportation Improvement Program, Fiscal Years 2008-11.

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ST. BERNARD PARISH LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION VISION PLAN

Functional Classification
Functional classification is the grouping of highways and streets based on their characteristics and the service they are intended to perform. The classifications utilized herein are major arterial, minor arterial, rural minor arterial, collector and local streets. Travel rarely occurs independent to one roadway; rather trips occur through a network of roads of different classifications from origin to destination. The channelization of travel to increase efficiency is how these various classifications evolved. Allied to the idea of channelization is the dual purpose of roads to both provide access to property and serve mobility purposes. Generally speaking, roads which have a primary purpose of property access with very limited mobility occur at one end of the spectrum (local streets), whereas at the other end of the spectrum, are roadways which function primarily to provide mobility, with very limited access occurring (freeways and interstates). Major Arterial A major arterial is designed to move traffic between cities and parishes, primarily and they provide access to adjacent properties secondarily. Because they have higher volumes, they are attractive to large scale commercial developers and adjacent land values tend to be higher as a result. Uses along such corridors tend to be large in scale as a result and driveways can be well spaced to facilitate mobility, or when uses are smaller in scale, shared access can be provided to serve this purpose. These roadways have signals at intersections with other major arterials as well as minor arterials and often collector streets. These roadways operate at higher speeds, tend to have 4 to 6 lanes, and tend not to have on-street parking on them. Examples of major arterials in St. Bernard Parish are Judge Perez Drive and Paris Road.

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Regional Planning Commission

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Citation
Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
Imagery:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

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CHAPTER FIVE: LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION RECOMMENDATIONS

Minor Arterial A minor arterial is designed to move traffic from one area of a parish to another, such as neighborhood to neighborhood. Secondarily, they provide access to adjacent property, and since they tend to have lower volumes than major arterials, tend to have somewhat smaller scale land uses adjacent to them, such as mid to small scale commercial, high density residential and public and institutional uses. These roadways have signals at intersections with other major arterials as well as minor arterials and occasionally collector streets. These roadways operate at mid range speeds, tend to have 2 to 4 travel lanes, and may often have on-street parking on them. Examples of Minor Arterials in St. Bernard are St. Bernard Highway and St. Bernard Parkway in lower St. Bernard. Collector Streets Collector Streets are designed to move traffic from the core of a neighborhood to its periphery. They provide access to adjacent properties, which tend to include single and multifamily residential, institutional uses, parks, etc. These roadways tend to have stop signs or traffic signals when they intersect with higher order streets and stop signs when they intersect with other collector streets, because of the lower speeds at which cars are operating. These roadways often have on street parking and tend to have 2 lanes. Examples of Collector Streets in St. Bernard Parish are Patricia Avenue, Genie Street, and Colonial Drive. Local Streets Local Streets primarily provide access to adjacent properties and move traffic from the start or end of a trip to a collector street. Their purpose is to provide access to adjacent streets primarily. Because traffic volumes are lower, they are not desirable for large scale commercial, but are desirable for single family residential neighborhoods, which they are most often associated with. These roadways often have informal on street parking and tend to be two lanes.

Proposed Cross Sections
Currently the Subdivision Ordinance dictates the standards for street dedications using a suburban development pattern. In order to accommodate the trend towards traditional neighborhood design, or compact design with a mix of uses, additional standards or flexibility within the existing standards is highly recommended. Generally speaking, it is recommended to do the following in those areas: • Use the narrowest ROW possible • Use the smallest setback possible • Use on-street parking where appropriate • Provide bicycle lanes where appropriate • Use traffic calming measures where appropriate
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ST. BERNARD PARISH LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION VISION PLAN

Always include sidewalks and a landscape buffer

Figure 5-8 Major Arterial Schematic Section

Features of the Major Arterial Section would generally include: • Inclusion of a Median of 20’ or more • 4 12’ Travel Lanes • 2 8’ Shoulders • 2 6’ Planting Strips • 2 5’ Sidewalks • Figure 5-9 Minor Arterial Schematic Section

Features of the Minor Arterial Section would generally include: • Optional inclusion of a 20’ Median • 2 to 4 12’ Travel Lanes • 2 8’ Parking Lanes • 2 4’ Bicycle lanes • 2 6’ Planting Strips • 2 5’ Sidewalks

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CHAPTER FIVE: LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION RECOMMENDATIONS

Figure 5-10 Collector Street Schematic Section

Features of the Collector Street Section would generally include: • 2 12’ Travel Lanes • 1 8’ Parking Lane • 2 4’ Bicycle lanes • 2 6’ Planting Strips • 2 5’ Sidewalks Figure 5-11 Local Street Schematic Section

Features of the Local Street Section would generally include: • 2 12’ Travel Lanes • 2 6’ Planting Strips • 2 5’ Sidewalks

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ST. BERNARD PARISH LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION VISION PLAN

Transportation Policy Recommendations
In addition to the projects listed above, the future transportation network should be consistent with land use changes and public infrastructure investments coordinated with private sector investment. • Create a transportation corridor overlay district and designate corridors where improved streetscapes and access are desired. The appropriate location for its use would best determined through combined efforts of Public Works, Economic Development and Planning Officials. • Develop a traffic calming program to slow traffic down which is operating at undesirably high speeds or cutting through on local streets. Some types of traffic calming devices include: o Raised crosswalks o Textured pavement o Traffic circles for low volume streets and roundabouts higher volume streets Public Works, St. Bernard Parish Sheriff;s Department, and DOTD District 02, the Parish Council and Planning Department can work collaboratively to identify locations where speeding is prevalent, where Stop signs are frequently requested, and where the adjacent land uses would be conducive. Bicycle and Pedestrian Considerations In addition to the thoroughfare-based recommendations noted above, the adoption of policy for integration of bicycling and walking into the transportation system is highly recommended. Additional details on US DOT policy recommendations and Complete Streets, a model which seeks to accommodate all the users of the transportation system, are available in Appendix F. Upon adoption of such a policy, several items will be important in its successful implementation. • The prioritization of funding for projects. An example in Appendix F utilized a system of overlaying nodes and routes to develop priority segments. • The establishment of guidelines and specifications in association with the New Orleans Regional Planning Commission. Appendix F notes many of the features which may be included, such as the placement of bicycle racks, lane widths and reallocations, etc. • A Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee (BPAC) may be formed for the purpose of providing a forum for citizens to review and make recommendations for facilities. Likewise, St. Bernard Parish should be represented on the Regional Planning Commission’s BPAC for the region. • The setting of benchmarking goals and tracking progress.

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CHAPTER FIVE: LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION RECOMMENDATIONS

Participation, review and consensus on proposed route planning. Appendix F includes 34 miles of bike routes in St. Bernard Parish at an estimated cost of $1.25 million in anticipation of nonmotorized funding in the next federal transportation legislation. These routes, developed by the Regional Planning Commission, University of New Orleans, the Louisiana Public Health Institute, and the City of New Orleans should be reviewed and adopted (or modified and adopted) by St. Bernard Parish government. Redevelopment of Boulevards adjacent to canals with Walking and Bicycling Facilities are strongly recommended as nodes for public investment to spur private reinvestment.

Conclusions
In conclusion, the St. Bernard Parish 2007 Land Use and Transportation Vision Plan acts as a bridge between earlier recovery plans which were visionary or project-oriented and some of the later steps which will ultimately need to be taken to implement these ideas. By acting on the recommendations of this guiding document, the Parish will have additional tools to work with as the Parish recovers and grows into what it will be in the future. As mentioned previously in this report, this plan is a stepping stone to help further St. Bernard Parish’s recovery. It can be seen as a bridge between earlier recovery plans which were visionary or project-oriented and some of the later steps which will ultimately need to be taken to implement the goals set forth in this and previous plans. This guiding document made some of the first attempts at assessing recovery geographically throughout the Parish, and bases recommendations and strategies on those findings with the intent to lead the parish into the actions that will need to be taken for a targeted recovery using limited resources. Some of the actions which are necessary to move these concepts forward are outlined in Table 5-3. This is by no means a comprehensive list, but a sample of some of the more basic actions which will hone a comprehensive but also more specific strategy for the Parish’s redevelopment.

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Table 5-3 Action Implementation Table Goal Actions
Refine Land Use and Transportation Plan into elements of Comprehensive Plan Refine this Vision Plan into a Comprehensive Plan with the following elements: Vision, Land Use, Land Market Initial Study and Monitoring, Housing, Transportation, Economic Development, Community Facilities, Recreation, critical and sensitive areas, natural hazards, Implementation Authorize study of reuse of properties acquired by the Parish (Road Home Properties) Develop recommendation for which properties should be retained* Implement redevelopment plan Authorize housing study Conduct study/develop consolidated housing plan Adopt housing plan

Actors/Agents
Initiated by: Planning Commission/ Planning Commission Staff Coordination with: RPC, Parish Departments Input from: Public Final Approval by: Parish Council Initiated by: Parish Council Directed by: Redevelopment Authority/Planning Staff Final Adoption by: Parish Council Initiated by: Parish Council Directed by: Community Development Final Adoption by: Parish Council Initiated by: Parish Council Directed by: Planning Commission Hearing conducted by: Planning Commission Final Adoption by: Parish Council

Develop system of open space corridors to provide for recreation and floodwater retention Develop housing plan to ensure that housing is available which is: affordable, accessible, mixed use Conduct Zoning Study to Implement Land Use Plan – based on policy of ReBuild, ReThink, and ReInvent. Additional things to be included: mixed use, smart growth, larger lot sizes, improved design in targeted areas Encourage Coastal Restoration and Preservation Increases bicycle and pedestrian opportunities

Authorizations to conduct zoning study (change/amend existing zoning) Conduct zoning study – include use based, form based, corridor overlays, PUDs. Etc. Include land market initial study and monitoring Develop recommendations Public hearing to adopt revised ordinance Through outreach, partnerships and education, promote the preservation and restoration of coastal wetlands Study opportunities for continuous system of bikeways as park of recreation/ transportation plan elements. Consider coordination with Road Home properties study

Initiated by: Parish Council Directed by: Emergency Preparedness Initiated by: Parish Council Directed by: Redevelopment Authority/Planning Staff Final Adoption by: Parish Council

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CHAPTER FIVE: LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION RECOMMENDATIONS

Table 5-3, continued Goal
Refine Economic Development Strategy

Actions

Actors/Agents
Initiated by: Parish President Coordinated with: Regional Planning Commission

Through existing or new governmental or quasigovernmental organization, develop strategy for business retention and expansion. Prepare economic development element of Comprehensive Plan Authorize recreation element of Comprehensive Plan Develop plan and recommendations Adopt and Implement Plan

Increase Recreational Opportunities

Initiated by: Parish Council Directed by: Planning Commission, Recreation Department, Parks Department Adopted by: Parish Council Initiated by: Parish Engineer/Planning Commission Coordination with: DOTD/RPC Adoption by: Parish Council

Improve Bicycling and Walking Opportunities

Adoption of Policy Funding Prioritization Development and Adoption of Guidelines and Specifications Form/Join BPAC Approval of network

* See Appendix F for example map

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Appendices
A B C D E F Population Projections Migration Road Home Program Economic Cluster Data Flood Elevation Data Pedestrian and Bicycle Policy Recommendations

Destinations of Households Leaving St. Bernard Parish 1984-2006
Matched Years To State To Cnty State Abb Migration Destination Total Returns Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1983_84
96 22 22 22 59 58 59 63 22 22 28 59 28 48 22 22 000 071 051 103 005 000 007 015 105 075 109 003 045 201 033 087 LA LA LA LA . . . XX LA LA MS ... MS TX LA ... Total Out-Migrants ORLEANS JEFFERSON ST. TAMMANY SOUTH SAME STATE WEST FOREIGN TANGIPAHOA PLAQUEMINES PEARL RIVER MIDWEST HANCOCK HARRIS EAST BATON ROUGE COUNTY NON-MIGRANTS. 1,109 305 206 147 126 77 40 35 28 27 24 21 20 15 15 21,260 2,536 627 417 394 326 190 71 82 68 69 62 61 61 37 28 52,846 100.0% 27.5% 18.6% 13.3% 11.4% 6.9% 3.6% 3.2% 2.5% 2.4% 2.2% 1.9% 1.8% 1.4% 1.4% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1984_85
96 22 22 63 22 63 58 28 22 22 28 22 000 071 051 021 103 022 000 109 033 075 045 087 LA LA LA ... LA . . MS LA LA MS ... Total Out-Migrants ORLEANS JEFFERSON SAME REGION, DIFF. STAT ST. TAMMANY DIFFERENT REGION SAME STATE PEARL RIVER EAST BATON ROUGE PLAQUEMINES HANCOCK COUNTY NON-MIGRANTS. 1,173 293 239 190 141 96 73 30 23 23 20 22,398 2,685 645 498 468 368 209 182 91 56 46 47 55,054 100.0% 25.0% 20.4% 16.2% 12.0% 8.2% 6.2% 2.6% 2.0% 2.0% 1.7% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1985_86
96 22 22 59 22 58 59 59 28 22 28 59 22 22 48 22 000 071 051 005 103 000 007 003 045 033 109 001 075 105 201 087 La La La . La . . . Ms La Ms . La La Tx . Total Out-Migrants Orleans Jefferson South St. Tammany Same State West Midwest Hancock East Baton Rouge Pearl River Northeast Plaquemines Tangipahoa Harris County Non-Migrants 1,121 258 229 193 163 73 40 34 19 19 18 17 16 16 16 22,894 2,566 552 467 444 451 172 80 85 47 49 55 32 37 38 37 55,077 100.0% 23.0% 20.4% 17.2% 14.5% 6.5% 3.6% 3.0% 1.7% 1.7% 1.6% 1.5% 1.4% 1.4% 1.4% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1986_87
96 22 22 59 22 59 58 28 59 59 22 22 22 22 000 071 051 005 103 007 000 109 001 003 033 075 105 087 La La La . La . . Ms . . La La La . Total Out-Migrants Orleans Jefferson South St. Tammany West Same State Pearl River Northeast Midwest East Baton Rouge Plaquemines Tangipahoa County Non-Migrants 1,273 286 244 221 189 65 54 47 30 28 21 18 17 23,011 2,916 595 510 516 482 155 137 139 74 55 40 52 45 55,207 100.0% 22.5% 19.2% 17.4% 14.8% 5.1% 4.2% 3.7% 2.4% 2.2% 1.6% 1.4% 1.3% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1987_88
96 22 22 59 22 59 58 22 59 59 22 28 48 28 22 000 071 051 005 103 007 000 075 001 003 033 109 201 045 087 La La La . La . . La . . La Ms Tx Ms . Total Out-Migrants Orleans Jefferson South St. Tammany West Same State Plaquemines Northeast Midwest East Baton Rouge Pearl River Harris Hancock County Non-Migrants 1,111 259 221 212 126 67 53 27 26 24 21 20 17 16 22,840 2,397 511 440 456 328 153 138 57 76 51 36 52 27 36 53,902 100.0% 23.3% 19.9% 19.1% 11.3% 6.0% 4.8% 2.4% 2.3% 2.2% 1.9% 1.8% 1.5% 1.4% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1988_89
96 22 59 22 22 59 58 59 28 59 22 48 22 22 22 000 071 005 051 103 007 000 001 109 003 075 201 105 089 087 La Tx La La Ms La La La La Total Out-Migrants Orleans South Jefferson St. Tammany West Same State Northeast Pearl River Midwest Plaquemines Harris Tangipahoa St. Charles County Non-Migrants 1,186 249 245 238 138 58 50 39 26 26 19 19 15 15 22,850 2,496 479 540 442 332 122 114 83 73 58 47 46 42 37 53,325 100.0% 21.0% 20.7% 20.1% 11.6% 4.9% 4.2% 3.3% 2.2% 2.2% 1.6% 1.6% 1.3% 1.3% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1989_90
96 22 59 22 22 59 58 59 59 28 22 28 48 22 000 051 005 071 103 007 000 001 003 109 075 045 201 087 Ms La Ms Tx La La La La Total Out-Migrants Jefferson South Orleans St. Tammany West Same State Northeast Midwest Pearl River Plaquemines Hancock Harris County Non-Migrants 1,182 253 233 226 159 57 42 28 27 26 26 16 16 22,955 2,402 446 479 435 398 95 104 51 53 60 59 37 52 53,070 100.0% 21.4% 19.7% 19.1% 13.5% 4.8% 3.6% 2.4% 2.3% 2.2% 2.2% 1.4% 1.4% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1990_91
96 22 22 59 22 58 59 28 22 59 57 22 28 22 48 22 000 051 071 005 103 000 007 109 075 003 001 033 045 105 201 087 FR La Ms La Tx Ms La La La La La Total Out-Migrants Jefferson Orleans South St. Tammany Same State West Pearl River Plaquemines Midwest Foreign / Overseas East Baton Rouge Hancock Tangipahoa Harris County Non-Migrants 1,154 271 249 169 142 77 52 30 30 27 16 16 16 16 15 21,887 2,478 550 494 361 354 198 109 66 67 63 24 23 45 39 33 51,943 100.0% 23.5% 21.6% 14.6% 12.3% 6.7% 4.5% 2.6% 2.6% 2.3% 1.4% 1.4% 1.4% 1.4% 1.3% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1991_92
96 22 22 22 59 58 59 59 22 22 48 59 22 000 071 051 103 005 000 007 003 075 033 201 001 087 La La Tx La La La La Total Out-Migrants Orleans Jefferson St. Tammany South Same State West Midwest Plaquemines East Baton Rouge Harris Northeast County Non-Migrants 1,121 249 245 181 159 66 43 30 24 24 19 15 22,069 2,317 476 441 444 357 144 74 72 58 41 35 34 51,899 100.0% 22.2% 21.9% 16.1% 14.2% 5.9% 3.8% 2.7% 2.1% 2.1% 1.7% 1.3% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1992_93
96 22 22 22 59 58 59 22 59 22 28 59 48 22 000 051 071 103 005 000 007 075 003 033 109 001 201 087 La La La La XX XX XX La XX La Ms XX Tx La Total Out-Migrants Jefferson Orleans St. Tammany Region 3: South Same State Region 4: West Plaquemines Region 2: Midwest East Baton Rouge Pearl River Region 1: Northeast Harris County Non-Migrant 1,056 239 209 155 150 69 46 26 25 25 20 18 15 21,942 2,201 441 410 378 315 170 101 48 51 42 62 36 31 51,629 100.0% 22.6% 19.8% 14.7% 14.2% 6.5% 4.4% 2.5% 2.4% 2.4% 1.9% 1.7% 1.4% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1993_94
96 22 22 59 22 58 59 28 22 28 59 22 22 59 22 000 051 071 005 103 000 007 109 075 045 001 105 033 003 087 La La La XX La XX XX Ms La Ms XX La La XX La Total Out-Migrants Jefferson Orleans Region 3: South St. Tammany Same State Region 4: West Pearl River Plaquemines Hancock Region 1: Northeast Tangipahoa East Baton Rouge Region 2: Midwest County Non-Migrant 1,061 255 202 187 157 55 39 34 25 24 19 18 17 17 21,833 2,169 477 391 379 368 117 75 105 54 53 34 39 25 28 51,383 100.0% 24.0% 19.0% 17.6% 14.8% 5.2% 3.7% 3.2% 2.4% 2.3% 1.8% 1.7% 1.6% 1.6% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1994_95
96 22 22 22 59 58 28 59 59 22 59 22 22 28 22 000 051 071 103 005 000 109 007 003 033 001 075 105 045 087 La La La La XX XX Ms XX XX La XX La La Ms La Total Out-Migrants Jefferson Orleans St. Tammany Region 3: South Same State Pearl River Region 4: West Region 2: Midwest East Baton Rouge Region 1: Northeast Plaquemines Tangipahoa Hancock County Non-Migrant 1,073 239 194 172 165 60 42 37 32 25 21 20 16 16 21,827 2,174 422 359 398 374 124 110 77 61 45 37 45 36 27 50,888 100.0% 22.3% 18.1% 16.0% 15.4% 5.6% 3.9% 3.4% 3.0% 2.3% 2.0% 1.9% 1.5% 1.5% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1995_96
96 22 59 22 22 58 28 59 22 28 59 22 22 22 000 051 005 071 103 000 109 007 075 045 003 033 105 087 LA LA DS LA LA SS MS DS LA MS DS LA LA LA Total Out-Migrants Jefferson Parish Other Flows - South Orleans Parish St Tammany Parish Other Flows - Same State Pearl River County Other Flows - West Plaquemines Parish Hancock County Other Flows - Midwest East Baton Rouge Par Tangipahoa Parish St Bernard Pari Non-Migrants 1,129 236 212 189 164 68 52 39 38 26 25 23 22 22,200 2,346 462 435 352 371 150 129 66 95 63 50 41 40 51,430 100.0% 20.9% 18.8% 16.7% 14.5% 6.0% 4.6% 3.5% 3.4% 2.3% 2.2% 2.0% 1.9% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1996_97
96 22 22 59 22 58 28 59 28 22 22 59 22 22 000 051 071 005 103 000 109 007 045 075 033 003 105 087 LA LA LA DS LA SS MS DS MS LA LA DS LA LA Total Out-Migrants Jefferson Parish Orleans Parish Other Flows - South St Tammany Parish Other Flows - Same State Pearl River County Other Flows - West Hancock County Plaquemines Parish East Baton Rouge Par Other Flows - Midwest Tangipahoa Parish St Bernard Pari Non-Migrants 1,162 229 209 199 187 59 49 36 32 31 30 28 25 22,435 2,344 410 394 427 417 125 113 62 77 89 44 51 47 51,690 100.0% 19.7% 18.0% 17.1% 16.1% 5.1% 4.2% 3.1% 2.8% 2.7% 2.6% 2.4% 2.2% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1997_98
96 22 22 22 59 58 59 28 22 22 59 28 22 000 051 071 103 005 000 007 109 075 033 003 045 087 LA LA LA LA DS SS DS MS LA LA DS MS LA Total Out-Migrants Jefferson Parish Orleans Parish St Tammany Parish Other Flows - South Other Flows - Same State Other Flows - West Pearl River County Plaquemines Parish East Baton Rouge Par Other Flows - Midwest Hancock County St Bernard Pari Non-Migrants 1,127 261 227 163 143 65 52 45 30 29 25 17 22,550 2,331 509 450 405 274 145 86 108 68 52 53 39 51,571 100.0% 23.2% 20.1% 14.5% 12.7% 5.8% 4.6% 4.0% 2.7% 2.6% 2.2% 1.5% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1998_99
96 22 22 22 59 58 28 59 22 59 22 28 22 28 22 000 051 103 071 005 000 109 007 075 003 033 045 105 047 087 LA LA LA LA DS SS MS DS LA DS LA MS LA MS LA Total Out-Migrants Jefferson Parish St Tammany Parish Orleans Parish Other Flows - South Other Flows - Same State Pearl River County Other Flows - West Plaquemines Parish Other Flows - Midwest East Baton Rouge Par Hancock County Tangipahoa Parish Harrison County St Bernard Pari Non-Migrants 1,195 243 204 202 193 70 57 48 34 26 23 23 19 18 22,702 2,350 417 445 376 383 136 136 90 81 60 40 56 24 34 51,367 100.0% 20.3% 17.1% 16.9% 16.2% 5.9% 4.8% 4.0% 2.8% 2.2% 1.9% 1.9% 1.6% 1.5% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

1999_00
96 22 22 22 59 58 28 59 59 22 22 22 28 48 22 000 051 103 071 005 000 109 007 003 033 105 075 045 201 087 LA LA LA LA DS SS MS DS DS LA LA LA MS TX LA Total Out-Migrants Jefferson Parish St Tammany Parish Orleans Parish Other Flows - South Other Flows - Same State Pearl River County Other Flows - West Other Flows - Midwest East Baton Rouge Par Tangipahoa Parish Plaquemines Parish Hancock County Harris County St Bernard Pari Non-Migrants 1,310 260 226 219 188 76 54 43 38 36 36 35 28 20 22,700 2,571 446 522 422 371 153 140 81 77 54 67 66 50 40 51,283 100.0% 19.8% 17.3% 16.7% 14.4% 5.8% 4.1% 3.3% 2.9% 2.7% 2.7% 2.7% 2.1% 1.5% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

2000_01
96 22 22 59 22 58 59 59 28 22 22 48 59 22 000 051 071 005 103 000 007 003 109 075 033 201 001 087 LA LA LA DS LA SS DS DS MS LA LA TX DS LA Total Out-Migrants Jefferson Parish Orleans Parish Other Flows - South St Tammany Parish Other Flows - Same State Other Flows - West Other Flows - Midwest Pearl River County Plaquemines Parish East Baton Rouge Par Harris County Other Flows - Northeast St Bernard Pari Non-Migrants 1,197 237 218 199 197 77 48 38 34 29 21 21 19 22,655 2,366 419 438 406 415 164 82 73 77 64 30 52 34 51,038 100.0% 19.8% 18.2% 16.6% 16.5% 6.4% 4.0% 3.2% 2.8% 2.4% 1.8% 1.8% 1.6% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

2001_02
96 22 22 22 59 58 28 59 22 22 59 28 59 22 000 103 051 071 005 000 109 007 075 033 003 045 001 087 LA LA LA LA DS SS MS DS LA LA DS MS DS LA Total Out-Migrants St Tammany Parish Jefferson Parish Orleans Parish Other Flows - South Other Flows - Same State Pearl River County Other Flows - West Plaquemines Parish East Baton Rouge Par Other Flows - Midwest Hancock County Other Flows - Northeast St Bernard Pari Non-Migrants 1,151 240 221 201 177 72 51 37 31 23 23 20 19 22,583 2,332 521 406 400 358 149 123 52 70 42 45 44 52 50,449 100.0% 20.9% 19.2% 17.5% 15.4% 6.3% 4.4% 3.2% 2.7% 2.0% 2.0% 1.7% 1.7% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

2002_03
96 22 22 22 59 58 59 22 28 59 22 22 48 22 000 051 071 103 005 000 007 075 109 003 033 089 201 087 LA LA LA LA DS SS DS LA MS DS LA LA TX LA Total Out-Migrants Jefferson Parish Orleans Parish St Tammany Parish Other Flows - South Other Flows - Same State Other Flows - West Plaquemines Parish Pearl River County Other Flows - Midwest East Baton Rouge Par St Charles Parish Harris County St Bernard Pari Non-Migrants 1,140 231 230 210 163 63 46 44 37 24 21 18 17 22,364 2,311 420 467 510 314 128 86 97 88 46 28 32 31 50,041 100.0% 20.3% 20.2% 18.4% 14.3% 5.5% 4.0% 3.9% 3.2% 2.1% 1.8% 1.6% 1.5% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

2003_04
96 22 22 22 59 58 28 22 59 59 28 22 22 59 22 000 071 051 103 005 000 109 075 007 003 045 033 105 001 087 LA LA LA LA DS SS MS LA DS DS MS LA LA DS LA Total Out-Migrants Orleans Parish Jefferson Parish St Tammany Parish Other Flows - South Other Flows - Same State Pearl River County Plaquemines Parish Other Flows - West Other Flows - Midwest Hancock County East Baton Rouge Par Tangipahoa Parish Other Flows - Northeast St Bernard Pari Non-Migrants 1,232 265 244 213 159 70 51 41 36 29 26 20 17 16 22,200 2,447 553 450 471 284 133 118 95 59 67 60 33 29 23 49,642 100.0% 21.5% 19.8% 17.3% 12.9% 5.7% 4.1% 3.3% 2.9% 2.4% 2.1% 1.6% 1.4% 1.3% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

2004_05
96 22 22 22 59 58 59 28 28 59 22 22 22 22 22 000 071 103 051 005 000 007 109 045 003 075 033 089 105 087 LA LA LA LA DS SS DS MS MS DS LA LA LA LA LA Total Out-Migrants Orleans Parish St Tammany Parish Jefferson Parish Other Flows - South Other Flows - Same State Other Flows - West Pearl River County Hancock County Other Flows - Midwest Plaquemines Parish East Baton Rouge Par St Charles Parish Tangipahoa Parish St Bernard Pari Non-Migrants 1,286 270 233 229 191 64 51 50 33 29 28 25 16 15 21,981 2,634 565 501 428 403 119 86 124 69 64 63 34 40 38 49,110 100.0% 21.0% 18.1% 17.8% 14.9% 5.0% 4.0% 3.9% 2.6% 2.3% 2.2% 1.9% 1.2% 1.2% 0.0%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants

2005_06
96 22 22 59 22 28 22 22 48 22 22 22 59 22 59 22 22 22 28 48 22 22 58 48 22 22 47 59 000 103 051 005 105 109 033 071 201 063 005 089 003 055 007 095 109 075 045 113 079 057 000 439 117 097 157 001 LA LA LA DS LA MS LA LA TX LA LA LA DS LA DS LA LA LA MS TX LA LA SS TX LA LA TN DS Total Out-Migrants St Tammany Parish Jefferson Parish Other Flows - South Tangipahoa Parish Pearl River County East Baton Rouge Par Orleans Parish Harris County Livingston Parish Ascension Parish St Charles Parish Other Flows - Midwest Lafayette Parish Other Flows - West St John The Baptist Terrebonne Parish Plaquemines Parish Hancock County Dallas County Rapides Parish Lafourche Parish Other Flows - Same State Tarrant County Washington Parish St Landry Parish Shelby County Other Flows - Northeast 13,553 2,892 2,356 965 679 654 561 502 467 361 263 176 173 163 156 133 132 126 118 100 89 85 75 73 71 67 66 65 29,846 6,462 4,725 2,258 1,499 1,458 1,124 952 1,133 886 619 388 395 356 313 278 276 259 289 247 200 206 174 175 159 159 160 152 100.0% 21.3% 17.4% 7.1% 5.0% 4.8% 4.1% 3.7% 3.4% 2.7% 1.9% 1.3% 1.3% 1.2% 1.2% 1.0% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 0.7% 0.7% 0.6% 0.6% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5%

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns 62 61 57 52 47 46 46 44 43 39 39 38 38 37 36 36 34 34 34 34 33 32 31 30 30 29 28 27 26

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants 133 125 134 127 106 100 102 96 111 76 99 85 88 98 79 95 94 82 93 84 67 81 75 67 77 81 59 60 72 0.5% 0.5% 0.4% 0.4% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2%

22 22 48 48 22 22 22 22 01 28 48 22 48 48 05 22 48 28 28 01 48 28 28 13 13 12 01 32 22

009 017 339 085 015 073 099 045 097 047 121 047 157 029 119 019 423 121 049 073 453 113 073 067 121 005 125 003 101

LA LA TX TX LA LA LA LA AL MS TX LA TX TX AR LA TX MS MS AL TX MS MS GA GA FL AL NV LA

Avoyelles Parish Caddo Parish Montgomery County Collin County Bossier Parish Ouachita Parish St Martin Parish Iberia Parish Mobile County Harrison County Denton County Iberville Parish Fort Bend County Bexar County Pulaski County Calcasieu Parish Smith County Rankin County Hinds County Jefferson County Travis County Pike County Lamar County Cobb County Fulton County Bay County Tuscaloosa County Clark County St Mary Parish

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns 25 24 23 21 21 21 20 20 20 20 19 19 19 19 18 18 18 18 18 18 17 17 17 16 16 16 16 16 15

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants 64 46 51 47 60 41 43 49 44 45 39 43 40 37 45 37 39 39 31 39 38 47 34 38 31 32 43 31 32 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%

13 12 22 47 13 04 08 13 28 47 22 22 47 47 12 12 22 22 06 01 01 22 48 12 48 22 05 28 12

135 031 121 037 089 013 041 063 147 093 093 077 009 065 033 086 001 061 037 117 003 113 039 057 167 039 145 149 113

GA FL LA TN GA AZ CO GA MS TN LA LA TN TN FL FL LA LA CA AL AL LA TX FL TX LA AR MS FL

Gwinnett County Duval County West Baton Rouge Par Davidson County De Kalb County Maricopa County El Paso County Clayton County Walthall County Knox County St James Parish Pointe Coupee Parish Blount County Hamilton County Escambia County Miami Dade County Acadia Parish Lincoln Parish Los Angeles County Shelby County Baldwin County Vermilion Parish Brazoria County Hillsborough County Galveston County Evangeline Parish White County Warren County Santa Rosa County

Matched Years

To State To Cnty

State Abb Migration Destination

Total Returns 15 15 3,629

Total Percent of Exemptions Total Migrants 29 35 8,333 0.1% 0.1% 0.0%

22 28 22

007 033 087

LA MS LA

Assumption Parish De Soto County St Bernard Pari Non-Migrant

Road Home Summary  
ICF International is scheduled to complete Governor Blanco’s Road Home program at the end of June  2008. In early 2007 St. Bernard Parish Road Home applicants began to access their damage awards in  order to begin rebuilding their homes.  Road Home closings in St. Bernard Parish peaked in the second  and third quarter of 2007 (2,558 and 3,266 respectively).  As of June 2008, the average closing amount  was $79,009.  This average closing amount is a sum of the compensation grant, the elevation grant, and  the affordable loan.  The majority of the closings were located in the Arabi‐Chalmette Planning Districts  (see map A for an illustration).    Closing Options  Total  Closed  Applicants  6,756  2,903  534  10,193  Percent  share of  closed  applicants  66%  28%  5%  ‐  Average  Closing  Amount  $78,549  $81,534  $71,094  $79,009 

Option 1.  Stay and rebuild  Option 2.  Relocate within LA  Option 3.  Sell and relocate outside LA  Total St. Bernard Closings    

More than two‐thirds of the Road Home applicants closed with the decision to stay and rebuild.  The  average payout for those applicants choosing to relocate within Louisiana rather than stay and rebuild in  place increased $2,985, or 3.6%.  As of June 2008, 15,197 St. Bernard residents were registered in the Road Home program.  Of those,  15,197 applicants, 10,193 had closed.  Five thousand four (5,004) applicants have yet to close.  Road Home Applicants:  Total Closed:  Have Not Closed:    Closing Breakdown:  Average  Grant/Loan  Amount   $63,339  $21,437  $42,703  $79,009  Total number  of grant/loans  9,782  139  4,280  10,193  15,197  10,193  5,004       

Compensation grant  Elevation grant  Affordable loan  Total Award   

In 2000, the census shows that St. Bernard had 25,123 occupied housing units.  When comparing the  15,197 Road Home applicants to the housing units represented in 2000, only 60% of the housing units  are represented.    

St C laude Av

030500

Faz zio Del Rd ille Buf St fon St

Jud y

Dr

030300

030204 030601 E Ch alme e 030603 tte B ack Leve 030800 e Rd 030207 030602 Florid a Av e 030206 030400 030208 River Rd 030203 Dr 030209 cy
n Na

Par is R

Benja min

St

n xL rau Dr Me ue liq ge An
l St Cana

030101

030103
Levee Access Rd
Riverbend Dr

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar 08 125 998 382 517 814 330 530 531 511 209 305 375 206 491 44 293 404

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 28% 2310 43% 877 44% 1796 29% 2146 38% 1485 22% 2026 26% 1593 33% 1937 26% 1008 21% 1120 27% 1361 28% 995 21% 1730 28% 1247 4% 914 32% 2124 19%

d

Stay Park Dr Creedmoor Dr

Access Rd

Sylvia Dr Nehlig Ln

Todd Dr

Gnell Dr

Neal Ln

Citr us

Ave

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar08 [7073]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

0

0.45

0.9

1.8 Miles

Road Home Option #1 March 2008

Dela cro

ix H

wy

E

a rn Be St

zD ere eP udg EJ St 3rd wy r
La Hwy 46

H rd

Saro L n

Bayou Rd

030104

Ver ret

St

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.
ces Ac sR d
Hw sant Floris y

t Dr Guillo s Rd Acces

Hop eda le H

wy

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

Rd

Florida Ave
d Marina R

Ang el M Est ehle A a Ave eba ve Ayc n ock St St Ale xan der Ave

Mus tang Dr

Ben jamin

St

Cou gar Seal Wo Dr Dr odl and sC t

Patr icia

Per Schn rin Dr ell Dr Car oly nC t Row ley Blv d

Eas y St

030500

Cre Cha ely Dr lme tte d Ave Me Co lvyn Doc ng tor Per res Bon Me ez sm ita rau Pky an Dr xB He lvd ber WC Inte tD Kea rmo laib r dal orn ne eS Dr Dr q Jea nL Pac Ma afit diso ken te P ham nA ky Car ve Co Ave Nor roll ke woo Pla Dr Cof EC dD nt R fee hal r Dr d me tte Jon Cir Pat es Dr ter Old son D Ma r Hic rce kor lle yA Dr Eva ve nge Faz line De zio La Kin Ave Rd Ro gs Jac nde Dr Trio kso Dr St nB lvd Llo yds Pak Ave enh Palm am etto Dr Jun St oD Ivy r Pl Del ille Fen St elon Jupi Par St ter D k r Ros Blvd Acc Mon eA ess tesq ve WB Rd uieu eau St reg ard St Tou Buf rne Pe fon fort lite St re St Dr Ma riet ta Lyn St del Dr Lap Oc Pl lace tav Ro ia D E aza D Del St set Lac r am r ta D ber ost r Acc t St Go eC ess lde ir Ver Rd nD oni r ca De Dr Pal com mis ine ano Dr Blv Riv d erla Ma Lav nd riet osie Dr ta D r St Ga r llo Pec Da Dr ute an Cha rive Dr rle Dr Cor s Dr inn Pec Vol eD pe an r Kar Dr Dr en Dr Ga Cha Riv llo rles Dr erla Dr nd Dr Ven tura Cor Cha Jac inn Char Dr lon Cam e ob les aD Dr pag Dr Ct Mum r na phr Dr Len ey Rd aD r Cor inn eA ve Bla nch ard Dr Des pau xD r

St

Mink Dr Be Ocelo ar Dr t Dr Llam Chinc a Dr hilla D r Gen et D r

Cen ter St

NW oodla nds Ct Red Ma ple Dr Wa xM yrtl eD r

E Pl

Ben jam in

030601

Leb eau Ave

Ave

Sa Do ble Dr err Dr

Lynx Dr

Dr Fairf Prince ax D r Creo le D r

Que ens Ct

St

WC

Vict ory Dr

halm ette B Ham ack Lev ee R let P l d

easu re

St

W

WA

gricu ltu

re S t

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar 08 125 998 382 517 814 330 530 531 511 209 305 375 206 491 44 293 404

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 28% 2310 43% 877 44% 1796 29% 2146 38% 1485 22% 2026 26% 1593 33% 1937 26% 1008 21% 1120 27% 1361 28% 995 21% 1730 28% 030204 1247 4% 914 32% 2124 19%

Ac ce ss

Old Lan dfill Acc ess R

Old Lan dfill Acc ess R

d

d

Ros e Kar St l Dr

Par is R

d

Dr ger Bad

Nor ton

Cen ter

Pa ris h

Dr

Sug ar R

Chalmette Slip Rd

P Ga llan irate D t Dr r

Main Dr

Colo nel D r

WJ

udg e Pe rez Dr

Parc Pl

St

Valo r Dr

8th S t

S Ph ilip C Oak t Tree Se Ln rvic eA lley

We inb erg er R d

WS t Be

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W Chalm ette W Carolin Cir a Dr

E La w St Mag istra agno te S WL t ibera lia D 030603 E Vir r ux S tue S t WG t enie Pierr St W Jo e St E Lib seph erau ine S x St WS t E Ge olide nie S lle S 030800 E Ce t t lestin e St E Jo WP seph rosp ine S er S t t WS t Avid e St
WM

WV irtue S

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

t

Mag istra te St

E Ch alme tte B Dary ack l Dr Leve e

Rd

Mag istra te S t

d

Florid a

y Hw rd rna Be St

Ave

Florid a

030602

Livingston Ave

E St

Ave

Jean

Lumberyard Rd

Jud Rue y Dr Ma rce lle Rue Ca rme n

Rd

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar08 [7073]

Bapt iste St E Gir od S t

030207

E St A vide S t

Rue Ciel
Florid a Ave

Mu nst er B Bar tolo lvd Dr Jud yD r

Nat l Ce me tery

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras

030400

Census Tract selection selection selection

Hw

y

0

0.1

0.2

0.4 Miles

Road Home Option #1 March 2008

Em ilie

Indi ana

Ohio St

St

Wa lke rs L n Oa ks Dr Jud yD r Etie nne Dr Ara mis Dr

Mar lin Cob ia D Dr Rive r r Rd

Ma ry A nn

sR

Dr

Ga rde nD r La wr Pau en l D ce r Ln

ES t Be rna rd

Acc es

Ea rl D r

St M

asa Calv WM o St orea u St

Cha lm

Nun ez

t

Tra cy

St

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

ar ie Dr

WC

Reis sP

l

Dr

Mich igan S

St Wis

030206

Blo mq uis tD De Br r Bo adb uc ury he l B Dr lvd

con sin S t

Dr

Chalmette Slip Rd

Miss ouri St

Access Rd

Trist Pl

E Ju dge Pere z

Utah

EG

eni eS t

La ma rqu eD

r

030208

ta D r Lyn del Pla Dr Pec Da za D ute an rive r Dr Dr Ver oni Pec Vol ca Pal pe an D mis K Dr Dr ano aren r Dr Ga Blv Riv Cha llo d Dr erla rles nd Dr Dr Cha Cor Cha lon Cam inn rl aD pag e Dr es Ct Mum r Len na phr aD Dr ey Rd r Cor inn eA Bla ve nch ard Dr

Petite Dr

Florid a

Ave

Ro set

Des pau x

Mag istra te S t

E Ch alme t

te B a ck L evee

Rd
Rue Ciel

030207

E Genie St

Jud Rue y Dr Ma rce lle Rue Ca rme n

er B lvd

E St A vide S t Miss ouri St

Bar tolo

Jud y

Dr

Ma ry A nn

Dr

Ga rde nD Pa r ul Dr

Pec an

Ven tura Dr Jac ob Dr

r Ga Pin llo Dr eD r C Cha Di orin Ca ne rles D rlo Dr r Dr Acc ess Rd

Wa lke rs L n Em ilie Oa k Jud s Dr yD r Etie nne Dr Ara mis Dr

Dr

Ohio St

Dr

Des pau x

My rtle G

rov e

Clai borne Ave

Ar ch bis ho pH an na nB lvd

Ea rl D r

St M

Mich igan S

Nun ez

t

Tra cy

St

Se ne zP l Pe ca nG rov eL n Ol ivi aS t

Bonne r Rd

Ree D

River Rd

1st St

ar ie Dr

St Wis

030206

Blo mq uis tD De Br r Bo adb uc ury he l B Dr lvd

Utah

con sin S t

EG

eni eS t

Dr

Dr

Dr

La ma rqu eD

Florid a

Ave

r

030208
d Blv ark yP

030209

ES tB ern ard

Hw

y

Ln lia rju a Ln Ing ez igu dr Ro

St Tr a r cy St Ln kD e r ret re a dD rC n arg n e L M ge De ux M Le era Dr r Ga ars r Ct r M le D ry alma ari D e laxy Dr d Fab V acc Av Dr an s L Liv anci Fr

Do ve

n nL ree u Ma Dr cy an N

ble Fa oli eJ n Ru e Bie Ru

Dr

r Sto

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar 08 125 998 382 517 814 330 530 531 511 209 305 375 206 491 44 293 404

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 28% 2310 43% 877 44% 1796 29% 2146 38% 1485 22% 2026 26% 1593 33% 1937 26% 1008 21% 1120 27% 1361 28% 995 21% 1730 28% 1247 4% 914 32% 2124 19%

Dr

Mu nst

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

Sa tur nC Dr t a us T

Le ve eA cc

es sR d

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar08 [7073]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

Dr ar dg E Ln ad n he aL ac lud n Be L Ca Ln ad di he St iar ge d c d Ct lan Lic Bri ie's igh n m H lL Ja nia olo C
Blv nial Colo d

r Dr nD ley no an Dr Ash Sh e u Dr liq ra ge Ta An Dr iel an e Dr D ci Dr Sta Dr orn r ra Ac ak D t er O sS r Gu D s Mo ood w ke La

rida Flo

Ave

0

0.1

0.2

0.4 Miles

Road Home Option #1 March 2008

h Birc St

lD Me

ve aA rid Flo

r

lD nie Da

r

EJ e udg D rez Pe

St 6th

t Violet S hing St Pers eneral G d ham R Packen

St 3rd

St Repose

r
St Canal

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

n oL lr oLe M e ve eA cc

es sR d

Dr r ue ra D liq Ta Dr ge ie An tac r r r S D kD dD ar Dr Dr Oa oo dg E Ln ra rn ew o er t Lak d Ac Gu ea n sS ch os L a M Be luda Ln Ca iardi c Blvd Ct Lic dge ie's akri O m Ja

ve aA rid Flo

ham R Packen

t Violet S

Ct Jo Ann

d

St Canal

A St B St C St

030103

ccess Rd 3rd Navy A
Reunion Dr Riverbend Dr
South Lake Blvd
Farmsite Rd

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar 08 125 998 382 517 814 330 530 531 511 209 305 375 206 491 44 293 404

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 28% 2310 43% 877 44% 1796 29% 2146 38% 1485 22% 2026 26% 1593 33% 1937 26% 1008 21% 1120 27% 1361 28% 995 21% 1730 28% 1247 4% 914 32% 2124 19%

Goodwill St

Cane Rd

New ton Blv W Christie d Dr Jeanfreau Dr Flamingo Dr Bobolink Dr

Daspit Ln Centanni Dr

Funny Farm Ln

Stay Park Dr

Michelle Dr Grey's Rd

Beauregard Ln

Larry's Dr

Creedmoor Dr

Nicosia Pl

Torres Dr

Private Dr

Richard's Ln

Neal Ln

Sugar Mill Dr

Deborah Dr

Russell Pl

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar08 [7073]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

Dean Rd

Heights Dr

St Bernard Pky Lynn Oaks Dr

Robert Dr Suzi Dr

Access Rd

Todd Dr Kelly Rd

Acce ss

Levee Acc ess Rd

0

0.125

0.25

0.5 Miles

Road Home Option #1 March 2008

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

Western Gas Rd

Bayou Rd

Rd

Access Rd
Access Rd

Gina Dr

d rR ve Ri

St 6th

St 3rd

St 5th

St 4th m St la is E Lou
EJ e udg D rez Pe r

River Queen Dr

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

E St Bernard Hw y
Ln Saro

Ct Woodchase

Stephen
La Hwy 46

Green Ave

t Dr Guillo d nz R E Fa

s Acces Rd
ss Acce

ss Acce Rd

Rd

Ln Evans

030104

St Canal

030103

Reunion Dr Riverbend Dr

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800
Access Rd
La Hwy 46

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar 08 125 998 382 517 814 330 530 531 511 209 305 375 206 491 44 293 404

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 28% 2310 43% 877 44% 1796 29% 2146 38% 1485 22% 2026 26% 1593 33% 1937 26% 1008 21% 1120 27% 1361 28% 995 21% 1730 28% 1247 4% 914 32% 2124 19%

South Lake Blvd

Nehlig Ln

Access Rd

Bobolink Dr

Gina Dr Access Rd

Centanni Dr

Stay Park Dr Funny Farm Ln

Larry's Dr

Creedmoor Dr

Nicosia Pl

Torres Dr

Grey's Rd

Access Rd

Green Ave

Access Rd

Kenilworth Dr

Sylvia Dr

Western Gas Rd

Richard's Ln Todd Dr

Sugar Mill Dr

Billiot Dr

Neal Ln

Access Rd

Deborah Dr

Russell Pl

Access Rd

Suzi Dr

Heights Dr

Gnell Dr

Joe Rose Dr

Bayou Rd

Callais Ln Access Rd Access Rd

Acce ss R d Purn ell L n

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

EJ
0

e udg
Farmsite Rd

D rez Pe
Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar08 [7073]

r
Stephen

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

cces t Dr A Guillo d nz R E Fa

in Founta Ln

0.15

0.3

0.6 Miles

Road Home Option #1 March 2008

es Acc

s Rd

Oak Grove Ln

sR d

Ver ret

St

030104
Access Rd Pumping Station No. 8

s ces Ac

Rd

ces Ac

sR

d
Hw sant Floris y

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

cro Dela y ix Hw

Kenilworth Dr Sylvia Dr

La Hwy 46

Access Rd

Access Rd Gnell Dr

Billiot Dr

Bayou Rd

Ver ret

030104

St

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800
Hw sant Floris y

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar 08 125 998 382 517 814 330 530 531 511 209 305 375 206 491 44 293 404

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 28% 2310 43% 877 44% 1796 29% 2146 38% 1485 22% 2026 26% 1593 33% 1937 26% 1008 21% 1120 27% 1361 28% 995 21% 1730 28% 1247 4% 914 32% 2124 19%

Funny Farm Ln

Creedmoor Dr

Access Rd

Nehlig Ln

Rob in S Citr t us A Y ve sc los k

Rd Rd s ss cce cces A A

ey H

wy

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar08 [7073]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

ix cro ela D

y Hw

0

0.3

0.6

1.2 Miles

Road Home Option #1 March 2008

Hoped ale

Canal

in Founta Ln

t Dr Guillo

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.
Hop eda le H wy

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

St C laude Av

030500

Faz zio Del Rd ille Buf St fon St

Jud y

Dr

030300

030204 030601 E Ch alme e 030603 tte B ack Leve 030800 e Rd 030207 030602 Florid a Av e 030206 030400 030208 River Rd 030203 Dr 030209 cy
n Na

Par is R

Benja min

St

n xL rau Dr Me ue liq ge An
l St Cana

030101

030103
Levee Access Rd
Riverbend Dr

Stay Park Dr Creedmoor Dr

Todd Dr

Gnell Dr

Neal Ln

Saro L n

Bayou Rd

Access Rd

Sylvia Dr Nehlig Ln

La Hwy 46

030104

Ver ret

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800
d
Hw sant Floris y

Selected or Closed Option 3 Mar 08 4 32 10 35 23 31 66 26 39 18 60 93 58 65 1 17 42

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 1% 2310 1% 877 1% 1796 2% 2146 1% 1485 2% 2026 3% 1593 2% 1937 2% 1008 2% 1120 5% 1361 7% 995 6% 1730 4% 1247 0% 914 2% 2124 2%

d

Citr us

Ave

* Selected or Closed Option 3 March 08 [631 total housing units]
Dela cro

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

0

0.35 0.7

1.4 Miles

Road Home Option #3 March 2008

ix H

wy

E

a rn Be St

zD ere eP udg EJ St 3rd wy r

H rd

t Dr Guillo s Rd Acces

St

ces Ac

sR

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

Hop eda le H

wy

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

Florida Ave

Sch nel l Dr

Ayc ock St

Ros e

Cou gar Dr

030500

Herm itage Dr

Row ley Blv d

Pa cke n Coc ham Ma A hra diso ne ve Car nA Dr roll ve EC halm Dr Jo ette Cir O nes D ld H r Ma De rce ick La lle ory Ro Dr Av nde e Dr Jac Kin kso Trio gs nB Dr St lvd Pak enh am Jun Dr o Iv Del Jup Dr ille Lloyd y Pl St iter s Av Dr e Fen elon St Buf fon St

Ang Est eba ela Av e nS t Ayc Meh Fris ock S cov t W P le Ave ille ame Com Ave la P mun l ity S t Sug ar R d Chalmette S lip Rd Cen ter St Per rin Dr

Ave

Do err

Dr

udg e Pe Colo rez nel D Dr r

Nor ton

WJ

Creo le D r Parc Pl

Patr icia

St

030603

WG enie St

WV irtue S

t

Acc es

030601

Prince Dr

Amo ur

Dr

sR

Fer ry Wh Land arf ing R Ac ces d sR d Mob Mob il O il Ac il O il Ac ces sR ces d sR d Fis her Ma Rd riet t Pla a St za Lap Dr lace Ver St oni Lyn Go ca lde del Dr nD Dr Da Pal r ute mis Ro rive ano set Dr t Blv Pin d Lyn a Dr Mu eD mp del r hre Dr Cor y Rd Acc inn ess e Vol pe Lic Rd Bla Dr Kar cia nch en Cha Gall Dr rdi Riv a Dr rles o Dr erla Dr Vent rd Dr Dr ura nd Cha Dr Jac D Cam Char ob r lon Dr aD Len pagn les Ct r aD aD r r Cor Bla inne A nch v ard e De spa Dr ux Dr Ma ry A Wa nn lke Dr rs L n Jud Bar Muns yD tolo ter r Blv Jud Dr d yD r

Pira te D Jean Lafit r te P ky

030300

Bon ita Dr

Pla nt R d

Co ke

030400

* Selected or Closed Option 3 March 08 [631 total housing units]

River R d

Claiborne Ave

Pa ul Dr

St M

Riv er

Rd

M Dolp arlin Dr hin Dr

rnar d Hw y

030203

River Rd

1st St

ar ie Dr

Reis sP

l

Dr

030206

Mis trot Dr

Ma Br yf a Ea lowe dbu ry rl D r D Dr r r

Tun a

Dr

WS t Be

Trist Pl

E Ju dge Pere z

Rue M Rue arcell e Ca rme n

NP ete rs

Access R d

5th St

8th S t

030800

E Ge nie S t

E La w St yl Dr E Vir tue S Mag istra t te St

d

Par is R

St

d

Mus tang Dr

WC Ben halmett jamin e Ba ck L St evee Rd Bear Dr N Wo Llam odlan a Dr ds C t

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 d Marina R 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 E Ch alme Dar tte Ba 30800
ck L evee
Mag istra te St

Selected or Closed Option 3 Mar 08 4 32 10 35 23 31 66 26 39 18 60 93 58 65 1 17 42
Florid a Ave

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 1% 2310 1% 877 1% 1796 2% 2146 1% 1485 2% 2026 3% 1593 2% 1937 2% 1008 2% 1120 5% 1361 7% 030204 995 6% 1730 4% 1247 0% 914 2% 2124 2%

Old Lan dfill Acc ess Old Rd Lan dfill Acc ess Rd

Rd

y Hw rd rna Be St

St

030602

E Gir od S t

030207

Florid to represent what the applicant had selected when they a Av e returned their option selection letter AND what the Rue Ciel appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated

Access Rd

Florid a Av e Oli ve Dr

030208

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

030209

ES tB ern ard

Hw

y

r Ln Sto en r ure D oli Ma ncy eJ Do Na Ru ve Tr ac St yS Ln ret Dr t a d n arg gen r L M e rD e ux L a ra lm s Av Me Va ci an Fr Trl lle mi Ca Le ve eA r cc rD es ga Dr sR Ed rra d ue G

d Blv rk Pa y

0

0.125 0.25

0.5 Miles

Road Home Option #3 March 2008

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

Florid a

r Ly Pla ndel D za Dr r De com ine Dr Kar en Dr

Ro set

Dr Ga Riv llo Cha erla Dr rles nd Dr Dr Cha Cor Cha lon Cam inn rl aD pag e Dr es Ct Mum r Len na phr aD Dr ey Rd r Cor inn eA Bla ve nch ard Dr

Mag istra te S t

Ave

E Ch alme t

te B a ck L evee

Des pau x

Rd
Rue Ciel

030207
Dr
Miss ouri St

Jud Rue y Dr Ma rce lle Rue Ca rme n

Dr M ary Ann Wa Dr lke rs L n Em ilie Oa k Jud s Dr yD Mu r Bar nst Etie tolo er B nne Dr lvd Dr Ara mis Jud Dr yD r

Ver oni ca

030206

Blo mq uis t Ma De Br Dr yfl ow Bo adb er uc ury Ea Dr he rl D l B Dr r lvd

Chri stina Pa Dr Riv lmisan Ree erla oB Dr nd lvd Dr Ga Pin llo eD Dr r C Di orin Charl Ca e ne rlo Dr s Dr D Acc ess r Rd

Tra cy

St

Ven tura Dr Jac ob Dr

Ohio St

Dr

Des pau x

My rtle G

rov e

Clai borne Ave

Ar ch bis ho pH an na nB lvd

Ga rde nD Pa r ul Dr

St M

Bonne r Rd

Ln

030203

Se ne zP l Pe ca nG rov e

River Rd

1st St

ar ie Dr

Utah St Wis con Wis sin S con t sin

Pec an

St

Nun ez

EG

eni eS t

Dr

La ma rqu eD

Dr

Florid a

Vol pe

Ave

r

030208
d Blv ark yP

Pir ate s

030209

Cv
ES tB ern ard

Hw

y

Ln lia rju a Ln Ing ez gu dri Ro

Tr ac Dr y S t t ek e are Dr Cr arg nd er Ln M ge De M ux Le Ga ars Dr era Dr Ct mar i Dr lax Dr M le ry Val car ve yD Fab nd ac s A r La Liv anci Fr
Ln

Do ve

St

n nL ree u Ma Dr cy an N

ble Fa oli eJ n Ru e Bie Ru

Dr

r Sto

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800

Selected or Closed Option 3 Mar 08 4 32 10 35 23 31 66 26 39 18 60 93 58 65 1 17 42

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 1% 2310 1% 877 1% 1796 2% 2146 1% 1485 2% 2026 3% 1593 2% 1937 2% 1008 2% 1120 5% 1361 7% 995 6% 1730 4% 1247 0% 914 2% 2124 2%

ta D

Da ute rive

Dr

Dr

Pec an

Dr

s Tu

r aD

Sa tur nC t

Le ve eA cc

es sR d

* Selected or Closed Option 3 March 08 [631 total housing units]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

r rD ga Ed n dL ea Ln ch a da Ln Be alu n C d iL ea St eh ard Ct nd idg cci la Li Br ie's n igh m H lL Ja nia olo C
Blv nial Colo d

Dr on nn a Dr Sh ley sh r A eD qu Dr eli ra g Ta r An D iel an e Dr D ci Sta r Dr kD rra Dr Oa s St Dr ue G s orn Mo ood Ac w ke La

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

rida Flo

Ave

0

0.1

0.2

0.4 Miles

Road Home Option #3 March 2008

h Birc St

lD Me

ve aA rid Flo

r

vd e Bl ridg Oak

lD nie Da

r

EJ

St 6th
A St

e udg

St Repose t Violet S hing St l Pers Genera Rd kenham Pac

St 3rd

D rez Pe r
St Canal

St 4th

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

Le ve eA cc

es sR d

Dr ar dg E Ln Dr rra ad he n Gue ac Be da L n L lu Ca iardi Ct icc L e's mi Ja

Dr ie r r tac S dD kD oo Dr Oa w ke orn Ac St La ss Mo
Oak vd e Bl ridg

ham R Packen

t Violet S

Ct Jo Ann

d

St Canal

A St B St C St

030103

ccess Rd 3rd Navy A
Reunion Dr Riverbend Dr
South Lake Blvd

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800

Selected or Closed Option 3 Mar 08 4 32 10 35 23 31 66 26 39 18 60 93 58 65 1 17 42

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 1% 2310 1% 877 1% 1796 2% 2146 1% 1485 2% 2026 3% 1593 2% 1937 2% 1008 2% 1120 5% 1361 7% 995 6% 1730 4% 1247 0% 914 2% 2124 2%

Cane Rd

New ton Blv W Christie d Dr

Flamingo Dr

Daspit Ln Centanni Dr

Bobolink Dr

Gina Dr

Stay Park Dr

Funny Farm Ln

Michelle Dr Grey's Rd

Beauregard Ln

Larry's Dr

Creedmoor Dr

Nicosia Pl

Torres Dr

Private Dr

Jeanfreau Dr

Richard's Ln

Sugar Mill Dr

Neal Ln

Deborah Dr

Russell Pl

Robert Dr

* Selected or Closed Option 3 March 08 [631 total housing units]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

Heights Dr

St Bernard Pky Lynn Oaks Dr

Access Rd

Todd Dr Kelly Rd

Suzi Dr

Acce ss

Levee Acc ess Rd

Bayou Rd

Rd

Access Rd
Access Rd

d rR ve Ri

St 6th

St 3rd

Goodwill St

St 5th

St 4th m St la is E Lou
EJ e udg D rez Pe r

E St Bernard Hw
Ln Saro

River Queen Dr

y

Farmsite Rd

Stephen
La Hwy 46

Green Ave

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.
ss Acce
t Dr Guillo d nz R E Fa

Ct Woodchase

Rd

s Acces

Rocky Rd

Rd

ss Acce

ss Acce

Rd

Ln Evans d nR Dea Rd

030104

0

0.125

0.25

0.5 Miles

Road Home Option #3 March 2008

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

Ma rq ue St z Dr Ma rie Dr

Mis trot Dr

030208
E Ge Ln nie en r re St D oli au ncy J M a ue r N R D w do Dr ea Ln M ux nd r Dr ge a Le alma Ave Mer V ncis Dr on Fra E nn Dr St a Be Sh ara rn T Dr ar ie dH r r Dr Stac wy ra kD dD Ln Guer Oa woo d ke ea La ch n ea iL B t rd cia 's C Lic amie J

030209

t Violet S m Rd ckenha Pa

St Canal

A St C St

030103
ccess Rd 3rd Navy A
Robin Ln

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800

Selected or Closed Option 3 Mar 08 4 32 10 35 23 31 66 26 39 18 60 93 58 65 1 17 42

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 1% 030101 2310 1% 877 1% 1796 2% 2146 1% 1485 2% 2026 3% 1593 2% 1937 2% 1008 2% 1120 5% 1361 7% 995 6% 1730 4% 1247 0% 914 2% 2124 2%

ve aA rid Flo

Access Rd Kenilworth Dr

Saro Ln

Flamingo Dr

Centanni Dr Torres Dr

Grey's Rd Sugar Mill Dr

Creedmoor Dr

Larry's Dr

Stay Park Dr

Nicosia Pl

Access Rd

Gina Dr

Sylvia Dr

Green Ave

Nehlig Ln

Rd ss Lyn ce c nO St Bernard Pky eA aks ve Dr Le n Rd Dea

Western Gas Rd

Deborah Dr

Access Rd

Suzi Dr

Heights Dr

Access Rd

Billiot Dr

Todd Dr

Neal Ln

Bayou Rd

Callais Ln Access Rd

Gnell Dr

* Selected or Closed Option 3 March 08 [631 total housing units]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

cc eA ve Le

d sR es

lD nie Da

r

St 6th

St 3rd

Senko Rd

St 4th
Riverbend Dr

South Lake Blvd Farmsite Rd

EJ e udg D rez Pe r

La Hwy 46

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

WF

0

0.2

0.4

0.8 Miles

Road Home Option #3 March 2008

in Founta Ln

t Dr Guillo d R anz

ss ce Ac
Access Rd

Rd

Ver ret

St

030104

Pumping Station No. 8

ces Ac

sR

d

s ces Ac

Rd
w ant H loriss Ka yly F nn Cir y

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

ro Delac y ix Hw

030204

030208

Dr cy an N n xL rau Me

030101

Dr Dr rra Oak ue G
St Canal

030103
E St Bernard Hw
Riverbend Dr

Torres Dr

Access Rd

Todd Dr

Gnell Dr

Neal Ln

Saro Ln St Bernard Pky

Bayou Rd

Nehlig Ln Oak Grove Ln

Creedmoor Dr

Stay Park Dr

Sylvia Dr

Gina Dr

La Hwy 46

Ver ret

030104

St

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800
lvd dB ar eg ur ea B

Selected or Closed Option 3 Mar 08 4 32 10 35 23 31 66 26 39 18 60 93 58 65 1 17 42

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 1% 2310 1% 877 1% 1796 2% 2146 1% 1485 2% 2026 3% 1593 2% 1937 2% 1008 2% 1120 5% 1361 7% 995 6% 1730 4% 1247 0% 914 2% 2124 2%

Citr us

Ave

* Selected or Closed Option 3 March 08 [631 total housing units]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

0

0.375

0.75

1.5 Miles

Road Home Option #3 March 2008

Dela cro

ix H

wy

vee Le

z ere eP udg EJ St 3rd d sR ces Ac Dr

t Dr Guillo

sR Acces

y

d

ces Ac

sR

d

Hw sant Floris

y

Ft

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

Hop eda le H

wy

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

Old La Old ndfill A Lan c dfill cess R Acc ess d Rd

Legend
Rd Ben jam in

WC

Ang ela Ave Meh Fris le A cov ve ille Cen Ave ter St Chalmette S lip Rd P Ro errin D w Nor ley B r lvd ton Ave Pira te D r

030300

030602

Lac Old oste D r Hic kor yA Jac ve kso nB lvd Del Ivy il Mon le St Pl tesq u Buf fon ieu St Ro St set ta D Lapla ce S Pla r t Ver za Dr oni ca Dr Vol pe Dr Cha Len rles aD Dr r Ga Cam llo Dr pag na Dr Jac ob Dr Ma ry A nn Dr Jud y D Bar tolo r Dr Jud Pa yD R ul r Dr ue C arm en Br ad bu ry Dr St Ma rie Dr

Parc WJ Pl Col udge P one erez l Dr Dr 8th S t

Acc es

030601

EC E La halmet te B ack E Vir w St 030603 Leve tue S e Rd t E Ge 030800 nie S t

sR

d

030500

Bear Dr Patr icia St

Par is R

halm et

te Ba ck L evee

Rd Marina

Road Home Closings

Ro se

Closing Quarter [Count]
030204

St

d

St

Have not closed [2088] 4th Qtr 2006 [1] 1st Qtr 2007 [504] 2nd Qtr 2007 [2558] 3rd Qtr 2007 [1999] 4th Qtr 2007 [3266] 1st Qtr 2008 [1420] 2nd Qtr 2008 [136] Census Tract Planning Districts
St Canal

WS t Be

030400

Pla nt R d

rnar dH

Peo ples St

030207

Co ke

Heights Dr Stay Park Dr

Creedmoor Dr

Serpas Ln

Kenilworth Dr Sylvia Dr

Access Rd

Gina Dr

Deborah Dr

Access Rd

Suzi Dr

Neal Ln

Billiot Dr

Todd Dr

Gnell Dr

St Bernard Pky

Sugar Mill Dr

Access Rd

Nehlig Ln
Bayou Rd

Saro Ln

Green Ave

Torres Dr

Lumberyard Rd

wy

030206

River Rd

030203

Levee Access Rd

1st St

030208
r y D ien nc B Na ue r r R D Ln nd r D ux ge lma era Le Va M Dr E on St nn a Dr Be a Sh Tar rn ar r dH r Dr D kD rra ar wy Oa dg Gue E Ln rdi cia Lic
ham R Packen d

030209

ve aA rid Flo

e eP udg EJ St 6th St 3rd
A St C St

D rez

r

St 4th

030103

Riverbend Dr

Farmsite Rd

La Hwy 46

in Founta Ln

t Dr Guillo

Dean Rd

Ver ret
Rd

St

030104

Access Pumping Station No. 8

0

0.25

0.5

1 Miles

Road Home Closings As of April 2008

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission April 2008

St C laude Av

030500

Faz zio Del Rd ille Buf St fon St

Jud y

Dr

030300

030204 030601 E Ch alme e 030603 tte B ack Leve 030800 e Rd 030207 030602 Florid a Av e 030206 030400 030208 River Rd 030203 Dr 030209 cy
n Na

Par is R

Benja min

St

n xL rau Dr Me ue liq ge An
l St Cana

030101

030103
Levee Access Rd
Riverbend Dr

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar 08 125 998 382 517 814 330 530 531 511 209 305 375 206 491 44 293 404

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 28% 2310 43% 877 44% 1796 29% 2146 38% 1485 22% 2026 26% 1593 33% 1937 26% 1008 21% 1120 27% 1361 28% 995 21% 1730 28% 1247 4% 914 32% 2124 19%

d

Stay Park Dr Creedmoor Dr

Access Rd

Sylvia Dr Nehlig Ln

Todd Dr

Gnell Dr

Neal Ln

Citr us

Ave

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar08 [7073]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

0

0.45

0.9

1.8 Miles

Road Home Option #1 March 2008

Dela cro

ix H

wy

E

a rn Be St

zD ere eP udg EJ St 3rd wy r
La Hwy 46

H rd

Saro L n

Bayou Rd

030104

Ver ret

St

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.
ces Ac sR d
Hw sant Floris y

t Dr Guillo s Rd Acces

Hop eda le H

wy

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

Rd

Florida Ave
d Marina R

Ang el M Est ehle A a Ave eba ve Ayc n ock St St Ale xan der Ave

Mus tang Dr

Ben jamin

St

Cou gar Seal Wo Dr Dr odl and sC t

Patr icia

Per Schn rin Dr ell Dr Car oly nC t Row ley Blv d

Eas y St

030500

Cre Cha ely Dr lme tte d Ave Me Co lvyn Doc ng tor Per res Bon Me ez sm ita rau Pky an Dr xB He lvd ber WC Inte tD Kea rmo laib r dal orn ne eS Dr Dr q Jea nL Pac Ma afit diso ken te P ham nA ky Car ve Co Ave Nor roll ke woo Pla Dr Cof EC dD nt R fee hal r Dr d me tte Jon Cir Pat es Dr ter Old son D Ma r Hic rce kor lle yA Dr Eva ve nge Faz line De zio La Kin Ave Rd Ro gs Jac nde Dr Trio kso Dr St nB lvd Llo yds Pak Ave enh Palm am etto Dr Jun St oD Ivy r Pl Del ille Fen St elon Jupi Par St ter D k r Ros Blvd Acc Mon eA ess tesq ve WB Rd uieu eau St reg ard St Tou Buf rne Pe fon fort lite St re St Dr Ma riet ta Lyn St del Dr Lap Oc Pl lace tav Ro ia D E aza D Del St set Lac r am r ta D ber ost r Acc t St Go eC ess lde ir Ver Rd nD oni r ca De Dr Pal com mis ine ano Dr Blv Riv d erla Ma Lav nd riet osie Dr ta D r St Ga r llo Pec Da Dr ute an Cha rive Dr rle Dr Cor s Dr inn Pec Vol eD pe an r Kar Dr Dr en Dr Ga Cha Riv llo rles Dr erla Dr nd Dr Ven tura Cor Cha Jac inn Char Dr lon Cam e ob les aD Dr pag Dr Ct Mum r na phr Dr Len ey Rd aD r Cor inn eA ve Bla nch ard Dr Des pau xD r

St

Mink Dr Be Ocelo ar Dr t Dr Llam Chinc a Dr hilla D r Gen et D r

Cen ter St

NW oodla nds Ct Red Ma ple Dr Wa xM yrtl eD r

E Pl

Ben jam in

030601

Leb eau Ave

Ave

Sa Do ble Dr err Dr

Lynx Dr

Dr Fairf Prince ax D r Creo le D r

Que ens Ct

St

WC

Vict ory Dr

halm ette B Ham ack Lev ee R let P l d

easu re

St

W

WA

gricu ltu

re S t

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar 08 125 998 382 517 814 330 530 531 511 209 305 375 206 491 44 293 404

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 28% 2310 43% 877 44% 1796 29% 2146 38% 1485 22% 2026 26% 1593 33% 1937 26% 1008 21% 1120 27% 1361 28% 995 21% 1730 28% 030204 1247 4% 914 32% 2124 19%

Ac ce ss

Old Lan dfill Acc ess R

Old Lan dfill Acc ess R

d

d

Ros e Kar St l Dr

Par is R

d

Dr ger Bad

Nor ton

Cen ter

Pa ris h

Dr

Sug ar R

Chalmette Slip Rd

P Ga llan irate D t Dr r

Main Dr

Colo nel D r

WJ

udg e Pe rez Dr

Parc Pl

St

Valo r Dr

8th S t

S Ph ilip C Oak t Tree Se Ln rvic eA lley

We inb erg er R d

WS t Be

rnar d Hw y

W Chalm ette W Carolin Cir a Dr

E La w St Mag istra agno te S WL t ibera lia D 030603 E Vir r ux S tue S t WG t enie Pierr St W Jo e St E Lib seph erau ine S x St WS t E Ge olide nie S lle S 030800 E Ce t t lestin e St E Jo WP seph rosp ine S er S t t WS t Avid e St
WM

WV irtue S

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

t

Mag istra te St

E Ch alme tte B Dary ack l Dr Leve e

Rd

Mag istra te S t

d

Florid a

y Hw rd rna Be St

Ave

Florid a

030602

Livingston Ave

E St

Ave

Jean

Lumberyard Rd

Jud Rue y Dr Ma rce lle Rue Ca rme n

Rd

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar08 [7073]

Bapt iste St E Gir od S t

030207

E St A vide S t

Rue Ciel
Florid a Ave

Mu nst er B Bar tolo lvd Dr Jud yD r

Nat l Ce me tery

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras

030400

Census Tract selection selection selection

Hw

y

0

0.1

0.2

0.4 Miles

Road Home Option #1 March 2008

Em ilie

Indi ana

Ohio St

St

Wa lke rs L n Oa ks Dr Jud yD r Etie nne Dr Ara mis Dr

Mar lin Cob ia D Dr Rive r r Rd

Ma ry A nn

sR

Dr

Ga rde nD r La wr Pau en l D ce r Ln

ES t Be rna rd

Acc es

Ea rl D r

St M

asa Calv WM o St orea u St

Cha lm

Nun ez

t

Tra cy

St

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

ar ie Dr

WC

Reis sP

l

Dr

Mich igan S

St Wis

030206

Blo mq uis tD De Br r Bo adb uc ury he l B Dr lvd

con sin S t

Dr

Chalmette Slip Rd

Miss ouri St

Access Rd

Trist Pl

E Ju dge Pere z

Utah

EG

eni eS t

La ma rqu eD

r

030208

ta D r Lyn del Pla Dr Pec Da za D ute an rive r Dr Dr Ver oni Pec Vol ca Pal pe an D mis K Dr Dr ano aren r Dr Ga Blv Riv Cha llo d Dr erla rles nd Dr Dr Cha Cor Cha lon Cam inn rl aD pag e Dr es Ct Mum r Len na phr aD Dr ey Rd r Cor inn eA Bla ve nch ard Dr

Petite Dr

Florid a

Ave

Ro set

Des pau x

Mag istra te S t

E Ch alme t

te B a ck L evee

Rd
Rue Ciel

030207

E Genie St

Jud Rue y Dr Ma rce lle Rue Ca rme n

er B lvd

E St A vide S t Miss ouri St

Bar tolo

Jud y

Dr

Ma ry A nn

Dr

Ga rde nD Pa r ul Dr

Pec an

Ven tura Dr Jac ob Dr

r Ga Pin llo Dr eD r C Cha Di orin Ca ne rles D rlo Dr r Dr Acc ess Rd

Wa lke rs L n Em ilie Oa k Jud s Dr yD r Etie nne Dr Ara mis Dr

Dr

Ohio St

Dr

Des pau x

My rtle G

rov e

Clai borne Ave

Ar ch bis ho pH an na nB lvd

Ea rl D r

St M

Mich igan S

Nun ez

t

Tra cy

St

Se ne zP l Pe ca nG rov eL n Ol ivi aS t

Bonne r Rd

Ree D

River Rd

1st St

ar ie Dr

St Wis

030206

Blo mq uis tD De Br r Bo adb uc ury he l B Dr lvd

Utah

con sin S t

EG

eni eS t

Dr

Dr

Dr

La ma rqu eD

Florid a

Ave

r

030208
d Blv ark yP

030209

ES tB ern ard

Hw

y

Ln lia rju a Ln Ing ez igu dr Ro

St Tr a r cy St Ln kD e r ret re a dD rC n arg n e L M ge De ux M Le era Dr r Ga ars r Ct r M le D ry alma ari D e laxy Dr d Fab V acc Av Dr an s L Liv anci Fr

Do ve

n nL ree u Ma Dr cy an N

ble Fa oli eJ n Ru e Bie Ru

Dr

r Sto

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar 08 125 998 382 517 814 330 530 531 511 209 305 375 206 491 44 293 404

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 28% 2310 43% 877 44% 1796 29% 2146 38% 1485 22% 2026 26% 1593 33% 1937 26% 1008 21% 1120 27% 1361 28% 995 21% 1730 28% 1247 4% 914 32% 2124 19%

Dr

Mu nst

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

Sa tur nC Dr t a us T

Le ve eA cc

es sR d

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar08 [7073]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

Dr ar dg E Ln ad n he aL ac lud n Be L Ca Ln ad di he St iar ge d c d Ct lan Lic Bri ie's igh n m H lL Ja nia olo C
Blv nial Colo d

r Dr nD ley no an Dr Ash Sh e u Dr liq ra ge Ta An Dr iel an e Dr D ci Dr Sta Dr orn r ra Ac ak D t er O sS r Gu D s Mo ood w ke La

rida Flo

Ave

0

0.1

0.2

0.4 Miles

Road Home Option #1 March 2008

h Birc St

lD Me

ve aA rid Flo

r

lD nie Da

r

EJ e udg D rez Pe

St 6th

t Violet S hing St Pers eneral G d ham R Packen

St 3rd

St Repose

r
St Canal

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

n oL lr oLe M e ve eA cc

es sR d

Dr r ue ra D liq Ta Dr ge ie An tac r r r S D kD dD ar Dr Dr Oa oo dg E Ln ra rn ew o er t Lak d Ac Gu ea n sS ch os L a M Be luda Ln Ca iardi c Blvd Ct Lic dge ie's akri O m Ja

ve aA rid Flo

ham R Packen

t Violet S

Ct Jo Ann

d

St Canal

A St B St C St

030103

ccess Rd 3rd Navy A
Reunion Dr Riverbend Dr
South Lake Blvd
Farmsite Rd

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar 08 125 998 382 517 814 330 530 531 511 209 305 375 206 491 44 293 404

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 28% 2310 43% 877 44% 1796 29% 2146 38% 1485 22% 2026 26% 1593 33% 1937 26% 1008 21% 1120 27% 1361 28% 995 21% 1730 28% 1247 4% 914 32% 2124 19%

Goodwill St

Cane Rd

New ton Blv W Christie d Dr Jeanfreau Dr Flamingo Dr Bobolink Dr

Daspit Ln Centanni Dr

Funny Farm Ln

Stay Park Dr

Michelle Dr Grey's Rd

Beauregard Ln

Larry's Dr

Creedmoor Dr

Nicosia Pl

Torres Dr

Private Dr

Richard's Ln

Neal Ln

Sugar Mill Dr

Deborah Dr

Russell Pl

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar08 [7073]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

Dean Rd

Heights Dr

St Bernard Pky Lynn Oaks Dr

Robert Dr Suzi Dr

Access Rd

Todd Dr Kelly Rd

Acce ss

Levee Acc ess Rd

0

0.125

0.25

0.5 Miles

Road Home Option #1 March 2008

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

Western Gas Rd

Bayou Rd

Rd

Access Rd
Access Rd

Gina Dr

d rR ve Ri

St 6th

St 3rd

St 5th

St 4th m St la is E Lou
EJ e udg D rez Pe r

River Queen Dr

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

E St Bernard Hw y
Ln Saro

Ct Woodchase

Stephen
La Hwy 46

Green Ave

t Dr Guillo d nz R E Fa

s Acces Rd
ss Acce

ss Acce Rd

Rd

Ln Evans

030104

St Canal

030103

Reunion Dr Riverbend Dr

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800
Access Rd
La Hwy 46

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar 08 125 998 382 517 814 330 530 531 511 209 305 375 206 491 44 293 404

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 28% 2310 43% 877 44% 1796 29% 2146 38% 1485 22% 2026 26% 1593 33% 1937 26% 1008 21% 1120 27% 1361 28% 995 21% 1730 28% 1247 4% 914 32% 2124 19%

South Lake Blvd

Nehlig Ln

Access Rd

Bobolink Dr

Gina Dr Access Rd

Centanni Dr

Stay Park Dr Funny Farm Ln

Larry's Dr

Creedmoor Dr

Nicosia Pl

Torres Dr

Grey's Rd

Access Rd

Green Ave

Access Rd

Kenilworth Dr

Sylvia Dr

Western Gas Rd

Richard's Ln Todd Dr

Sugar Mill Dr

Billiot Dr

Neal Ln

Access Rd

Deborah Dr

Russell Pl

Access Rd

Suzi Dr

Heights Dr

Gnell Dr

Joe Rose Dr

Bayou Rd

Callais Ln Access Rd Access Rd

Acce ss R d Purn ell L n

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

EJ
0

e udg
Farmsite Rd

D rez Pe
Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar08 [7073]

r
Stephen

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

cces t Dr A Guillo d nz R E Fa

in Founta Ln

0.15

0.3

0.6 Miles

Road Home Option #1 March 2008

es Acc

s Rd

Oak Grove Ln

sR d

Ver ret

St

030104
Access Rd Pumping Station No. 8

s ces Ac

Rd

ces Ac

sR

d
Hw sant Floris y

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

cro Dela y ix Hw

Kenilworth Dr Sylvia Dr

La Hwy 46

Access Rd

Access Rd Gnell Dr

Billiot Dr

Bayou Rd

Ver ret

030104

St

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800
Hw sant Floris y

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar 08 125 998 382 517 814 330 530 531 511 209 305 375 206 491 44 293 404

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 28% 2310 43% 877 44% 1796 29% 2146 38% 1485 22% 2026 26% 1593 33% 1937 26% 1008 21% 1120 27% 1361 28% 995 21% 1730 28% 1247 4% 914 32% 2124 19%

Funny Farm Ln

Creedmoor Dr

Access Rd

Nehlig Ln

Rob in S Citr t us A Y ve sc los k

Rd Rd s ss cce cces A A

ey H

wy

Selected or Closed Option 1 Mar08 [7073]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

ix cro ela D

y Hw

0

0.3

0.6

1.2 Miles

Road Home Option #1 March 2008

Hoped ale

Canal

in Founta Ln

t Dr Guillo

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.
Hop eda le H wy

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

St C laude Av

030500

Faz zio Del Rd ille Buf St fon St

Jud y

Dr

030300

030204 030601 E Ch alme e 030603 tte B ack Leve 030800 e Rd 030207 030602 Florid a Av e 030206 030400 030208 River Rd 030203 Dr 030209 cy
n Na

Par is R

Benja min

St

n xL rau Dr Me ue liq ge An
l St Cana

030101

030103
Levee Access Rd
Riverbend Dr

Stay Park Dr Creedmoor Dr

Todd Dr

Gnell Dr

Neal Ln

Saro L n

Bayou Rd

Access Rd

Sylvia Dr Nehlig Ln

La Hwy 46

030104

Ver ret

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800
d
y

Selected or Closed Option 2 Mar 08 30 121 41 124 221 338 440 351 184 99 232 368 349 281 18 65 151

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 7% 2310 5% 877 5% 1796 7% 2146 10% 1485 23% 2026 22% 1593 22% 1937 9% 1008 10% 1120 21% 1361 27% 995 35% 1730 16% 1247 1% 914 7% 2124 7%

d

Selected or Closed Option 2 Mar08 [3506]

Planning Districts
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection
Dela cro ix H

Citr us

Ave

E

a rn Be St

zD ere eP udg EJ St 3rd wy r

H rd

t Dr Guillo s Rd Acces

St

ces Ac

sR

Hw sant Floris

NAME

Hop eda le H

wy

wy

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

0

0.35 0.7

1.4 Miles

Road Home Option #2 March 2008

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

St C laude Av

030500

Faz zio Del Rd ille Buf St fon St

Jud y

Dr

030300

030204 030601 E Ch alme e 030603 tte B ack Leve 030800 e Rd 030207 030602 Florid a Av e 030206 030400 030208 River Rd 030203 Dr 030209 cy
n Na

Par is R

Benja min

St

n xL rau Dr Me ue liq ge An
l St Cana

030101

030103
Levee Access Rd
Riverbend Dr

Stay Park Dr Creedmoor Dr

Todd Dr

Gnell Dr

Neal Ln

Saro L n

Bayou Rd

Access Rd

Sylvia Dr Nehlig Ln

La Hwy 46

030104

Ver ret

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800
d
Hw sant Floris y

Selected or Closed Option 3 Mar 08 4 32 10 35 23 31 66 26 39 18 60 93 58 65 1 17 42

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 1% 2310 1% 877 1% 1796 2% 2146 1% 1485 2% 2026 3% 1593 2% 1937 2% 1008 2% 1120 5% 1361 7% 995 6% 1730 4% 1247 0% 914 2% 2124 2%

d

Citr us

Ave

* Selected or Closed Option 3 March 08 [631 total housing units]
Dela cro

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

0

0.35 0.7

1.4 Miles

Road Home Option #3 March 2008

ix H

wy

E

a rn Be St

zD ere eP udg EJ St 3rd wy r

H rd

t Dr Guillo s Rd Acces

St

ces Ac

sR

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

Hop eda le H

wy

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

Florida Ave

Sch nel l Dr

Ayc ock St

Ros e

Cou gar Dr

030500

Herm itage Dr

Row ley Blv d

Pa cke n Coc ham Ma A hra diso ne ve Car nA Dr roll ve EC halm Dr Jo ette Cir O nes D ld H r Ma De rce ick La lle ory Ro Dr Av nde e Dr Jac Kin kso Trio gs nB Dr St lvd Pak enh am Jun Dr o Iv Del Jup Dr ille Lloyd y Pl St iter s Av Dr e Fen elon St Buf fon St

Ang Est eba ela Av e nS t Ayc Meh Fris ock S cov t W P le Ave ille ame Com Ave la P mun l ity S t Sug ar R d Chalmette S lip Rd Cen ter St Per rin Dr

Ave

Do err

Dr

udg e Pe Colo rez nel D Dr r

Nor ton

WJ

Creo le D r Parc Pl

Patr icia

St

030603

WG enie St

WV irtue S

t

Acc es

030601

Prince Dr

Amo ur

Dr

sR

Fer ry Wh Land arf ing R Ac ces d sR d Mob Mob il O il Ac il O il Ac ces sR ces d sR d Fis her Ma Rd riet t Pla a St za Lap Dr lace Ver St oni Lyn Go ca lde del Dr nD Dr Da Pal r ute mis Ro rive ano set Dr t Blv Pin d Lyn a Dr Mu eD mp del r hre Dr Cor y Rd Acc inn ess e Vol pe Lic Rd Bla Dr Kar cia nch en Cha Gall Dr rdi Riv a Dr rles o Dr erla Dr Vent rd Dr Dr ura nd Cha Dr Jac D Cam Char ob r lon Dr aD Len pagn les Ct r aD aD r r Cor Bla inne A nch v ard e De spa Dr ux Dr Ma ry A Wa nn lke Dr rs L n Jud Bar Muns yD tolo ter r Blv Jud Dr d yD r

Pira te D Jean Lafit r te P ky

030300

Bon ita Dr

Pla nt R d

Co ke

030400

* Selected or Closed Option 3 March 08 [631 total housing units]

River R d

Claiborne Ave

Pa ul Dr

St M

Riv er

Rd

M Dolp arlin Dr hin Dr

rnar d Hw y

030203

River Rd

1st St

ar ie Dr

Reis sP

l

Dr

030206

Mis trot Dr

Ma Br yf a Ea lowe dbu ry rl D r D Dr r r

Tun a

Dr

WS t Be

Trist Pl

E Ju dge Pere z

Rue M Rue arcell e Ca rme n

NP ete rs

Access R d

5th St

8th S t

030800

E Ge nie S t

E La w St yl Dr E Vir tue S Mag istra t te St

d

Par is R

St

d

Mus tang Dr

WC Ben halmett jamin e Ba ck L St evee Rd Bear Dr N Wo Llam odlan a Dr ds C t

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 d Marina R 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 E Ch alme Dar tte Ba 30800
ck L evee
Mag istra te St

Selected or Closed Option 3 Mar 08 4 32 10 35 23 31 66 26 39 18 60 93 58 65 1 17 42
Florid a Ave

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 1% 2310 1% 877 1% 1796 2% 2146 1% 1485 2% 2026 3% 1593 2% 1937 2% 1008 2% 1120 5% 1361 7% 030204 995 6% 1730 4% 1247 0% 914 2% 2124 2%

Old Lan dfill Acc ess Old Rd Lan dfill Acc ess Rd

Rd

y Hw rd rna Be St

St

030602

E Gir od S t

030207

Florid to represent what the applicant had selected when they a Av e returned their option selection letter AND what the Rue Ciel appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated

Access Rd

Florid a Av e Oli ve Dr

030208

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

030209

ES tB ern ard

Hw

y

r Ln Sto en r ure D oli Ma ncy eJ Do Na Ru ve Tr ac St yS Ln ret Dr t a d n arg gen r L M e rD e ux L a ra lm s Av Me Va ci an Fr Trl lle mi Ca Le ve eA r cc rD es ga Dr sR Ed rra d ue G

d Blv rk Pa y

0

0.125 0.25

0.5 Miles

Road Home Option #3 March 2008

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

Florid a

r Ly Pla ndel D za Dr r De com ine Dr Kar en Dr

Ro set

Dr Ga Riv llo Cha erla Dr rles nd Dr Dr Cha Cor Cha lon Cam inn rl aD pag e Dr es Ct Mum r Len na phr aD Dr ey Rd r Cor inn eA Bla ve nch ard Dr

Mag istra te S t

Ave

E Ch alme t

te B a ck L evee

Des pau x

Rd
Rue Ciel

030207
Dr
Miss ouri St

Jud Rue y Dr Ma rce lle Rue Ca rme n

Dr M ary Ann Wa Dr lke rs L n Em ilie Oa k Jud s Dr yD Mu r Bar nst Etie tolo er B nne Dr lvd Dr Ara mis Jud Dr yD r

Ver oni ca

030206

Blo mq uis t Ma De Br Dr yfl ow Bo adb er uc ury Ea Dr he rl D l B Dr r lvd

Chri stina Pa Dr Riv lmisan Ree erla oB Dr nd lvd Dr Ga Pin llo eD Dr r C Di orin Charl Ca e ne rlo Dr s Dr D Acc ess r Rd

Tra cy

St

Ven tura Dr Jac ob Dr

Ohio St

Dr

Des pau x

My rtle G

rov e

Clai borne Ave

Ar ch bis ho pH an na nB lvd

Ga rde nD Pa r ul Dr

St M

Bonne r Rd

Ln

030203

Se ne zP l Pe ca nG rov e

River Rd

1st St

ar ie Dr

Utah St Wis con Wis sin S con t sin

Pec an

St

Nun ez

EG

eni eS t

Dr

La ma rqu eD

Dr

Florid a

Vol pe

Ave

r

030208
d Blv ark yP

Pir ate s

030209

Cv
ES tB ern ard

Hw

y

Ln lia rju a Ln Ing ez gu dri Ro

Tr ac Dr y S t t ek e are Dr Cr arg nd er Ln M ge De M ux Le Ga ars Dr era Dr Ct mar i Dr lax Dr M le ry Val car ve yD Fab nd ac s A r La Liv anci Fr
Ln

Do ve

St

n nL ree u Ma Dr cy an N

ble Fa oli eJ n Ru e Bie Ru

Dr

r Sto

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800

Selected or Closed Option 3 Mar 08 4 32 10 35 23 31 66 26 39 18 60 93 58 65 1 17 42

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 1% 2310 1% 877 1% 1796 2% 2146 1% 1485 2% 2026 3% 1593 2% 1937 2% 1008 2% 1120 5% 1361 7% 995 6% 1730 4% 1247 0% 914 2% 2124 2%

ta D

Da ute rive

Dr

Dr

Pec an

Dr

s Tu

r aD

Sa tur nC t

Le ve eA cc

es sR d

* Selected or Closed Option 3 March 08 [631 total housing units]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

r rD ga Ed n dL ea Ln ch a da Ln Be alu n C d iL ea St eh ard Ct nd idg cci la Li Br ie's n igh m H lL Ja nia olo C
Blv nial Colo d

Dr on nn a Dr Sh ley sh r A eD qu Dr eli ra g Ta r An D iel an e Dr D ci Sta r Dr kD rra Dr Oa s St Dr ue G s orn Mo ood Ac w ke La

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

rida Flo

Ave

0

0.1

0.2

0.4 Miles

Road Home Option #3 March 2008

h Birc St

lD Me

ve aA rid Flo

r

vd e Bl ridg Oak

lD nie Da

r

EJ

St 6th
A St

e udg

St Repose t Violet S hing St l Pers Genera Rd kenham Pac

St 3rd

D rez Pe r
St Canal

St 4th

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

Le ve eA cc

es sR d

Dr ar dg E Ln Dr rra ad he n Gue ac Be da L n L lu Ca iardi Ct icc L e's mi Ja

Dr ie r r tac S dD kD oo Dr Oa w ke orn Ac St La ss Mo
Oak vd e Bl ridg

ham R Packen

t Violet S

Ct Jo Ann

d

St Canal

A St B St C St

030103

ccess Rd 3rd Navy A
Reunion Dr Riverbend Dr
South Lake Blvd

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800

Selected or Closed Option 3 Mar 08 4 32 10 35 23 31 66 26 39 18 60 93 58 65 1 17 42

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 1% 2310 1% 877 1% 1796 2% 2146 1% 1485 2% 2026 3% 1593 2% 1937 2% 1008 2% 1120 5% 1361 7% 995 6% 1730 4% 1247 0% 914 2% 2124 2%

Cane Rd

New ton Blv W Christie d Dr

Flamingo Dr

Daspit Ln Centanni Dr

Bobolink Dr

Gina Dr

Stay Park Dr

Funny Farm Ln

Michelle Dr Grey's Rd

Beauregard Ln

Larry's Dr

Creedmoor Dr

Nicosia Pl

Torres Dr

Private Dr

Jeanfreau Dr

Richard's Ln

Sugar Mill Dr

Neal Ln

Deborah Dr

Russell Pl

Robert Dr

* Selected or Closed Option 3 March 08 [631 total housing units]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

Heights Dr

St Bernard Pky Lynn Oaks Dr

Access Rd

Todd Dr Kelly Rd

Suzi Dr

Acce ss

Levee Acc ess Rd

Bayou Rd

Rd

Access Rd
Access Rd

d rR ve Ri

St 6th

St 3rd

Goodwill St

St 5th

St 4th m St la is E Lou
EJ e udg D rez Pe r

E St Bernard Hw
Ln Saro

River Queen Dr

y

Farmsite Rd

Stephen
La Hwy 46

Green Ave

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.
ss Acce
t Dr Guillo d nz R E Fa

Ct Woodchase

Rd

s Acces

Rocky Rd

Rd

ss Acce

ss Acce

Rd

Ln Evans d nR Dea Rd

030104

0

0.125

0.25

0.5 Miles

Road Home Option #3 March 2008

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

Ma rq ue St z Dr Ma rie Dr

Mis trot Dr

030208
E Ge Ln nie en r re St D oli au ncy J M a ue r N R D w do Dr ea Ln M ux nd r Dr ge a Le alma Ave Mer V ncis Dr on Fra E nn Dr St a Be Sh ara rn T Dr ar ie dH r r Dr Stac wy ra kD dD Ln Guer Oa woo d ke ea La ch n ea iL B t rd cia 's C Lic amie J

030209

t Violet S m Rd ckenha Pa

St Canal

A St C St

030103
ccess Rd 3rd Navy A
Robin Ln

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800

Selected or Closed Option 3 Mar 08 4 32 10 35 23 31 66 26 39 18 60 93 58 65 1 17 42

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 1% 030101 2310 1% 877 1% 1796 2% 2146 1% 1485 2% 2026 3% 1593 2% 1937 2% 1008 2% 1120 5% 1361 7% 995 6% 1730 4% 1247 0% 914 2% 2124 2%

ve aA rid Flo

Access Rd Kenilworth Dr

Saro Ln

Flamingo Dr

Centanni Dr Torres Dr

Grey's Rd Sugar Mill Dr

Creedmoor Dr

Larry's Dr

Stay Park Dr

Nicosia Pl

Access Rd

Gina Dr

Sylvia Dr

Green Ave

Nehlig Ln

Rd ss Lyn ce c nO St Bernard Pky eA aks ve Dr Le n Rd Dea

Western Gas Rd

Deborah Dr

Access Rd

Suzi Dr

Heights Dr

Access Rd

Billiot Dr

Todd Dr

Neal Ln

Bayou Rd

Callais Ln Access Rd

Gnell Dr

* Selected or Closed Option 3 March 08 [631 total housing units]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

cc eA ve Le

d sR es

lD nie Da

r

St 6th

St 3rd

Senko Rd

St 4th
Riverbend Dr

South Lake Blvd Farmsite Rd

EJ e udg D rez Pe r

La Hwy 46

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

WF

0

0.2

0.4

0.8 Miles

Road Home Option #3 March 2008

in Founta Ln

t Dr Guillo d R anz

ss ce Ac
Access Rd

Rd

Ver ret

St

030104

Pumping Station No. 8

ces Ac

sR

d

s ces Ac

Rd
w ant H loriss Ka yly F nn Cir y

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

ro Delac y ix Hw

030204

030208

Dr cy an N n xL rau Me

030101

Dr Dr rra Oak ue G
St Canal

030103
E St Bernard Hw
Riverbend Dr

Torres Dr

Access Rd

Todd Dr

Gnell Dr

Neal Ln

Saro Ln St Bernard Pky

Bayou Rd

Nehlig Ln Oak Grove Ln

Creedmoor Dr

Stay Park Dr

Sylvia Dr

Gina Dr

La Hwy 46

Ver ret

030104

St

TRACT 30101 30103 30104 30203 30204 30206 30207 30208 30209 30300 30400 30500 30601 30602 30603 30700 30800
lvd dB ar eg ur ea B

Selected or Closed Option 3 Mar 08 4 32 10 35 23 31 66 26 39 18 60 93 58 65 1 17 42

Occupied % of 2000 Housing Units Housing Units (2000) Represented 454 1% 2310 1% 877 1% 1796 2% 2146 1% 1485 2% 2026 3% 1593 2% 1937 2% 1008 2% 1120 5% 1361 7% 995 6% 1730 4% 1247 0% 914 2% 2124 2%

Citr us

Ave

* Selected or Closed Option 3 March 08 [631 total housing units]

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras Census Tract selection selection selection

0

0.375

0.75

1.5 Miles

Road Home Option #3 March 2008

Dela cro

ix H

wy

vee Le

z ere eP udg EJ St 3rd d sR ces Ac Dr

t Dr Guillo

sR Acces

y

d

ces Ac

sR

d

Hw sant Floris

y

Ft

*OPTION EXPLANATION: Data here are aggregated to represent what the applicant had selected when they returned their option selection letter AND what the appicant's finalalized option was upon closing.

Hop eda le H

wy

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission February 2008

SIC-code Industries by Cluster
SIC # SIC description Arts & Entertainment 7812 7819 7822 7832 7911 7922 7929 7933 7941 7948 7991 7992 7993 7996 7997 7999 8412 8422 Motion Picture & Video Tape Production Services Allied to Motion Picture Production Motion Picture & Video Tape Distribution Motion Picture Theatres, Except Drive-In Dance Studios, Schools, and Halls Theatrical Producers (Excpt Motion Pictures) and Misc. Bands, Orchestras, Actors, and Other Entertainers Bowling Centers Professional Sports Clubs & Promoters Racing, Including Track Operation Physical Fitness Facilities Public Golf Courses Coin-Operated Amusement Devices Amusement Parks Membership Sports and Recreational Clubs Amusement and Recreational Services, Unclassified Museums and Art Galleries Arboreta and Botanical or Zoological Gardens Motion Pictures Motion Pictures Motion Pictures Motion Pictures Cultural Attractions Cultural Attractions Cultural Attractions Recreation/Sports Recreation/Sports Recreation/Sports Recreation/Sports Recreation/Sports Recreation/Sports Recreation/Sports Recreation/Sports Recreation/Sports Cultural Attractions Cultural Attractions Subcluster

Environmental Technology 9511 Air and Water Resource and Solid Waste Management 9512 Land, Mineral, Wildlife, and Forest Conservation 9999 Nonclassifiable Establishments Farming & Agriculture 0181 0191 0241 0254 0271 0279 0291 0721 0723 0751 0762 0782 0783 Ornamental Floriculture & Nursery Products General Farms, Primarily Crop Dairy Farms Poultry Hatcheries Fur-bearing Animals & Rabbits Animal Specialties, Not Elsewhere Classified General Farms, Primarily Livestock & Animal Specialties Crop Planting, Cultivating, and Protecting Crop Preparation Services for Markets, Except Cotton Ginning Livestock Services, Except Veterinary Farm Management Services Lawn & Garden Services Ornamental Shrub & Tree Services State Federal

0851 0912 0913 0921 0971 2121 2411

Forestry Services Finfish Shellfish Fish Hatcheries & Preserves Hunting & Trapping, and Game Propagation Cigars Logging

Government 4311 9111 9121 9199 9211 9221 9222 9223 9224 9229 9311 9411 9431 9441 9451 9531 9532 9611 9621 9631 9641 9651 9711 9721 9999 United States Postal Service Executive Offices (public administration) Legislative Bodies General Government, Unclassified Courts Police Protection Legal Counsel and Prosecution Correctional Institutions Fire Protection Public Order & Safety, Unclassified Public Finance, Taxation, and Monetary Policy Administration of Educational Programs Administration of Public Health Programs Admin of Social, Human Resource, and Income Maint. Admin of Veterans' Affairs, Except Health & Insur. Administration of Housing Programs Admin of Urban Planning and Community & Rural Dvlp. Admin of General Economic Programs Regulation and Admin of Transportation Programs Regltn and Admin of Comm, Electric, Gas & Utils Regulation of Agricultural Marketing & Commodities Regultn, Licensing, and Inspection of Misc. Commrcl Se National Security International Affairs Nonclassifiable Establishments Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Federal/State/Local Military International Federal/State/Local

Information Services 4812 4813 4822 4832 4833 4841 4899 7371 Radiotelephone Communications Telephone Communications, Except Radiophone Telegraph & Other Message Communications Radio Broadcasting Stations Television Broadcasting Stations Cable and Other Pay Television Services Communications Services, Unclassified Computer Programming Services Communications Communications Communications Communications Communications Communications Communications Information Tech

7372 7373 7374 7377 7378 7379 8211 8221 8222 8231 8243 8244 8249 8299 9999

Prepackaged Software Computer Integrated Systems Design Computer Processing and Data Prep & Processing Servic Computer Rental & Leasing Computer Maintenance & Repair Computer Related Services, Unclassified Elementary and Secondary Schools Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools Junior Colleges and Technical Institutes Libraries Data Processing Schools Business and Secretarial Schools Vocational Schools, Unclassified Schools and Educational Services, Unclassified Nonclassifiable Establishments

Information Tech Information Tech Information Tech Information Tech Information Tech Information Tech Education Education Education Education Education Education Education Education

Life Sciences 0742 2834 2836 8011 8021 8041 8042 8043 8049 8051 8059 8062 8063 8071 8072 8082 8092 8093 8099 8731 8734 9999 Veterinary Services for Animal Specialties Pharmaceutical Preparations Biological Products, Except Diagnostic Substances Offices and Clinics of Doctors of Medicine Offices and Clinics of Dentists Offices and Clinics of Chiropractors Offices and Clinics of Optometrists Offices and Clinics of Podiatrists Offices and Clinics of Health Practitioners, Unclassified Skilled Nursing Care Facilities Nursing and Personal Care Facilities, Unclassified General Medical and Surgical Hospitals Psychiatric Hospitals Medical Laboratories Dental Laboratories Home Health Care Services Kidney Dialysis Centers Specialty Outpatient Services, Unclassified Health and Allied Services, Unclassified Commercial Physical and Biological Research Testing Laboratories Nonclassifiable Establishments Health Services Biomedical Biomedical Health Services Health Services Health Services Health Services Health Services Health Services Health Services Health Services Health Services Health Services Health Services Health Services Health Services Health Services Health Services Health Services Biomedical Biomedical

Manufacturing 2011 Meat Packing Plants 2013 Sausages & Other Prepared Meat Products 2015 Poultry Slaughtering & Processing Food Food Food

2021 2022 2024 2032 2033 2034 2035 2038 2041 2047 2048 2051 2052 2061 2062 2064 2075 2077 2082 2084 2085 2086 2087 2091 2092 2095 2096 2097 2099 2211 2221 2241 2253 2258 2273 2295 2297 2298 2299 2311 2321 2323 2326 2329 2331 2342

Creamery Butter Natural, Processed, and Imitation Cheese Ice Cream & Frozen Desserts Canned Specialties Canned Fruits, Vegetables, Preserves, Jams & Jellies Dried & Dehydrated Fruits, Vegetables, and Soup Mixes Pickled Fruits & Vegetables, Veg Sauces & Seasonings Frozen Specialties, Unclassified Flour & Other Grain Mill Products Dog & Cat Food Preprd Feeds & Ingred for Animals & Fowls, Except Dog Bread & Other Bakery Products, Exc. Cookies & Crackers Cookies & Crackers Cane Sugar, Except Refining Cane Sugar Refining Candy & Other Confectionary Products Soybean Oil Mills Animal and Marine Fats & Oils Malt Beverages Wines, Brandy, and Brandy Spirits Distilled & Blended Liquors Bottled & Canned Soft Drinks & Carbonated Waters Flavoring Extracts & Syrups, Unclassified Canned & Cured Fish & Seafoods Prepared Fresh or Frozen Fish or Seafoods Roasted Coffee Potato Chips, Corn Chips, and Similar Snacks Manufactured Ice Food Preparations, Unclassified Broadwoven Fabric Mills, Cotton Broadwoven Fabric Mills, Manmade Fiber & Silk Narrow Fabric & Smallwares Mills: Cotton, Wool, Silk Knit Outerwear Mills Lace & Warp Knit Fabric Mills Carpets & Rugs Coated Fabrics, Not Rubberized Non-woven Fabrics Cordage & Twine Textile Goods, Unclassified Men's & Boy's Suits, Coats, and Overcoats Men's & Boy's Shirts, Except Workshirts Men's & Boy's Neckwear Men's & Boy's Work Clothing Men's & Boy's Clothing, Unclassified Women's, Misses', and Juniors' Blouses & Shirts Brassiers, Girdles, and Allied Garments

Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Food Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles

2369 2385 2386 2389 2391 2392 2393 2394 2395 2396 2399 2421 2426 2431 2434 2435 2448 2451 2452 2491 2499 2511 2514 2515 2521 2522 2531 2542 2591 2599 2621 2652 2653 2656 2671 2673 2674 2677 2679 3111 3144 3172 3199 3229 3231 3241

Girl's, Children's & Infants' Outerwear, Unclassified Waterproof Outerwear Leather & Sheep-lined Clothing Apparel & Accessories, Unclassified Curtains & Draperies House Furnishing, Except Curtains & Draperies Textile Bags Canvas & Related Products Pleating, Decorative & Novelty Stitching, and Tucking Auto Trimmings, Apparel Findings, and Related Products Fabricated Textile Products, Unclassified Sawmills & Planing Mills, General Hardwood Dimension & Flooring Mills Millwork Wood Kitchen Cabinets Hardwood Veneer & Plywood Wood Pallets & Skids Mobile Homes Prefabricated Wooden Buildings & Components Wood Preserving Wood Products, Unclassified Wood Household Furniture, Except Upholstered Metal Household Furniture Mattresses, Foundations, & Convertible Beds Wood Office Furniture Office Furniture, Except Wood Public Building & Related Furniture Office & Store Fixtures, Partitions, Shelving, and Lockers Drapery Hardware & Blinds and Shades Furniture & Fixtures, Unclassified Paper Mills Setup Paperboard Boxes Corrugated & Solid Fiber Boxes Sanitary Food Containers, Except Folding Packaging Paper & Plastics Film, Coated & Laminated Plastics, Foil, and Coated Paper Bags Uncoated Paper & Multiwall Bags Envelopes Converted Paper & Paperboard Products, Unclassified Leather Tanning & Finishing Women's Footwear, Except Athletic Personal Leather Goods, Excpt. Women's Bags & Purses Leather Goods, Unclassified Pressed and Blown Glass & Glassware, Unclassified Glass Products, Made of Purchased Glass Cement, Hydraulic

Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Lumber Lumber Lumber Lumber Lumber Lumber Lumber Lumber Lumber Lumber Furniture & Fixtures Furniture & Fixtures Furniture & Fixtures Furniture & Fixtures Furniture & Fixtures Furniture & Fixtures Furniture & Fixtures Furniture & Fixtures Furniture & Fixtures Paper & Allied Prods Paper & Allied Prods Paper & Allied Prods Paper & Allied Prods Paper & Allied Prods Paper & Allied Prods Paper & Allied Prods Paper & Allied Prods Paper & Allied Prods Textiles Textiles Textiles Textiles Building Supplies Building Supplies Building Supplies

3251 3253 3259 3269 3271 3272 3273 3274 3281 3291 3295 3296 3297 3299 3312 3315 3316 3317 3321 3325 3339 3341 3355 3356 3357 3365 3366 3369 3398 3412 3421 3423 3425 3429 3432 3433 3441 3442 3443 3444 3446 3448 3449 3452 3462 3469

Brick & Structural Clay Tile Ceramic Wall & Floor Tile Structural Clay Products, Unclassified Pottery Products, Unclassified Concrete Block & Brick Concrete Products, Except Block & Brick Ready-Mix Concrete Lime Cut Stone & Stone Products Abrasive Products Minerals & Earths, Ground or Otherwise Treated Mineral Wool Nonclay Refractories Nonmetallic Mineral Products, Unclassified Steel Works, Blast Furnaces (Incl. Coke Ovens) & Rolling Steel Wire Drawing & Steel Nails and Spikes Cold-Rolled Steel Sheet, Strip, and Bars Steel Pipe and Tubes Gray and Ductile Iron Foundries Steel Foundries, Unclassified Primary Smelting & Refining of Nonferrous Mtrls Secondary Smelting & Refining of Nonferrous Materials Aluminum Rolling & Drawing, Unclassified Rolling, Drawing, & Extruding of Nonferrous Matrls Drawing & Insulating of Nonferrous Wire Aluminum Foundries Copper Foundries Nonferrous Foundries, Except Aluminum & Copper Metal Heat Treating Metal Shipping Barrels, Drums, Kegs, and Pails Cutlery Hand and Edge Tools, Excpt Machine Tools & Handsaws Saw Blades and Handsaws Hardware, Unclassified Plumbing Fixture Settings & Trim Heating Equipment, Excpt Electric & Warm-Air Furnaces Fabricated Structural Metal Metal Doors, Sash, Frames, Moldings & Trim Fabricated Plate Work (Boiler Shops) Sheet Metal Work Architectural and Ornamental Metal Work Prefabricated Metal Buildings & Components Miscellaneous Structural Metal Work Bolts, Nuts, Screws, Rivets, Washers Iron and Steel Forgings Metal Stampings, Unclassified

Building Supplies Building Supplies Building Supplies Building Supplies Building Supplies Building Supplies Building Supplies Building Supplies Building Supplies Building Supplies Building Supplies Building Supplies Building Supplies Building Supplies Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production

3471 3479 3491 3492 3493 3494 3496 3498 3499 3511 3519 3523 3524 3531 3533 3535 3536 3537 3541 3543 3544 3548 3552 3553 3554 3555 3556 3559 3561 3562 3563 3564 3565 3566 3567 3569 3577 3578 3579 3581 3585 3589 3592 3593 3596 3599

Electroplating, Plating, Polishing, Anodizing & Coloring Coating, Engraving, and Allied Services, Unclassified Industrial Valves Fluid Power Valves & Hose Fittings Steel Springs, Except Wire Valves and Pipe Fittings, Unclassified Miscellaneous Fabricated Wire Products Fabricated Pipe & Pipe Fittings Fabricated Metal Products, Unclassified Steam, Gas & Hydraulic Turbines & Turbine Generator Internal Combustion Engines, Unclassified Farm Machinery & Equipment Lawn & Gard Tractors & Home Lawn & Gard Equipmnt Construction Machinery & Equipment Oil & Gas Field Machinery & Equipment Conveyors & Conveying Equipment Overhead Traveling Cranes, Hoists & Monorail Systems Industrial Trucks, Tractors, Trailers, and Stackers Machine Tools, Metal Cutting Types Industrial Patterns Special Dies & Tools, Die Sets, Jigs & Fixtures Electric and Gas Welding & Soldering Equipment Textile Machinery Woodworking Machinery Paper Industries Machinery Printing Trades Machinery & Equipment Food Products Machinery Special Industry Machinery, Unclassified Pumps & Pumping Equipment Ball & Roller Bearings Air & Gas Compressors Indstrl & Commrcl Fans & Blowers, and Air Purification Packaging Machinery Speed Changers, Industrial High-Speed Drives, and Gears Industrial Process Furnaces & Ovens General Industrial Machinery & Equipment, Unclassified Computer Peripheral Equipment, Unclassified Calculating & Accounting Machines, Except Computers Office Machines, Unclassified Automatic Vending Machines A/C, Air Heating, & Industrial Refrigeration Eqpmnt Service Industry Machinery, Unclassified Carburetors, Pistons, Piston Rings, and Valves Fluid Power Cylinders & Actuators Scales & Balances, Except Laboratory Indstrl and Commrcl Machinery & Equipment, NEC

Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Metals Production Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment Industrial Equipment

3612 3613 3621 3625 3632 3635 3639 3641 3645 3646 3648 3651 3661 3663 3669 3672 3674 3679 3691 3692 3694 3699 3711 3713 3714 3728 3743 3751 3799 3812 3822 3823 3825 3827 3829 3841 3842 3843 3844 3851 3861 3873 3911 3914 3915 3931

Power, Distribution, and Specialty Transformers Switchgear & Switchboard Apparatus Motors & Generators Relays & Industrial Controls Household Refrigerators and Home and Farm Freezers Household Vacuum Cleaners Household Appliances, Unclassified Electric Lamp Bulbs & Tubes Residential Electric Lighting Fixtures Commercial, Industrial, & Institutional Electric Lighting Lighting Equipment, Unclassified Household Audio & Video Equipment Telephone & Telegraph Apparatus Radio & TV Broadcasting & Communications Equipment Communications Equipment, Unclassified Printed Circuit Boards Semiconductors & Related Devices Electronic Components, Unclassified Storage Batteries Primary Batteries, Dry & Wet Electrical Equipment for Internal Combustion Engines Electrical Equipment, Machinery and Supplies, NEC Motor Vehicle and Passenger Car Bodies Truck & Bus Bodies Motor Vehicle Parts & Accessories Aircraft Parts & Auxiliary Equipment, Unclassified Railroad Equipment Motorcycles, Bicycles & Parts Transportation Equipment, Unclassified Search, Navgtn, Aeronautical & Nautical Systms & Instru Auto Controls for Regulating Environments & Appliances Instrmnts for Measuring, Display, and Control of Process Instrmnts for Measuring & Testing Electricity & Electrical Optical Instruments & Lenses Measuring and Controlling Devices, Unclassified Surgical and Medical Instruments and Apparatus Orthopedic, Prosthetic, and Surgical Appls & Supplies Dental Equipment & Supplies X-ray Apparatus & Tubes & Related Irradiation Apparatus Opthalmic Goods Photographic Equipment & Supplies Watches, Clocks, Clockwork Operated Devices and Parts Jewelry, Precious Metal Silverware, Plated Ware, and Stainless Steel Ware Jeweler's Findings & Materials, and Lapidary Work Musical Instruments

Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Electrical & Electrncs Transport Equipmnt Transport Equipmnt Transport Equipmnt Transport Equipmnt Transport Equipmnt Transport Equipmnt Transport Equipmnt Instruments Instruments Instruments Instruments Instruments Instruments Instruments Instruments Instruments Instruments Instruments Instruments Instruments Miscellaneous Miscellaneous Miscellaneous Miscellaneous

3942 3944 3949 3951 3953 3961 3993 3995 3999

Dolls & Stuffed Toys Games, Toys & Children's Vehicles, Excpt Dolls & Bike Sporting & Athletic Goods, Unclassified Pens, Mechanical Pencils, and Parts Marking Devices Costume Jewelry & Novelties, Except Precious Metals Signs & Advertising Specialties Burial Caskets Manufacturing Industries, Unclassified

Miscellaneous Miscellaneous Miscellaneous Miscellaneous Miscellaneous Miscellaneous Miscellaneous Miscellaneous Miscellaneous

Mining 1221 1411 1422 1429 1479 1499 Bituminous Coal & Lignite Surface Mining Dimension Stone Crushed & Broken Limestone Crushed & Broken Stone, NEC Chemical & Fertilizer Mineral Mining, NEC Miscellaneous Nonmetallic Minerals, Except Fuels

Oil & Gas 1311 1381 1382 1389 4612 4619 4924 4925 Crude Petroleum & Natural Gas Drilling Oil & Gas Wells Oil & Gas Field Exploration Services Oil & Gas Field Services, Not Elsewhere Classified Crude Petroleum Pipelines Pipelines, Unclassified Natural Gas Distribution Mixed, Manuf or Liq Petroleum Gas Production/Dist.

Petrochemical 2812 2813 2819 2821 2841 2842 2843 2844 2851 2861 2865 2873 2875 2879 Alkalies & Chlorine Industrial Gases Industrial Inorganic Chemicals, Unclassified Plastics Materials, Synthetic Resins, and Nonvulcanizable El Soap & Other Detergents, Except Specialty Cleaners Specialty Cleaning, Polishing, and Sanitation Preparations Surface Active Agents, Finishing Agents, Sulfonated Oils, et Perfumes, Cosmetics, and Other Toilet Preparations Paints, Varnishes, Lacquers, Enamels, and Allied Products Gum and Wood Chemicals Cyclic Organic Crudes & Intermediates, and Organic Dyes and Nitrogenous Fertilizers Fertilizers, Mixing Only Pesticides and Agricultural Chemicals, Unclassified

2899 2911 2992 3011 3052 3053 3069 3081 3083 3084 3085 3086 3087 3089

Chemicals and Chemical Preparations, Unclassified Petroleum Refining Lubricating Oils and Greases Tires and Inner Tubes Rubber & Plastics Hose and Belting Gaskets, Packing, and Sealing Devices Fabricated Rubber Products, Unclassified Unsupported Plastics Film & Sheet Laminated Plastics Plate, Sheet, and Profile Shapes Plastics Pipe Plastics Bottles Plastics Foam Products Custom Compounding of Purchased Plastics Resins Plastics Products, Unclassified

Services 0752 0781 1521 1522 1541 1542 1611 1622 1623 1629 1711 1721 1731 1741 1742 1743 1751 1752 1761 1771 1781 1791 1793 1794 1795 1796 1799 2711 2721 Animal Specialty Services, Except Veterinary Landscape Counseling & Planning General Contractors, Single-Family Homes General Contractors, Residential Not Single-Family General Contractors, Industrial and Warehouse General Contractors, Nonresidential Other Than Industrial Hwy & Street Construction, Other Than Elevated Hwys Bridge, Tunnel, and Elevated Highway Construction Water, Sewer, Pipeline, and Commun & Power Lines Heavy Construction, Not Elsewhere Classified Plumbing, Heating & Air Conditioning Painting & Paper Hanging Electrical Work Masonry, Stone Setting, and Other Stone Work Plastering, Drywall, Acoustical, and Insulation Work Terrazzo, Tile, Marble, and Mosaic Work Carpentry Work Floor Laying & Other Floor Work, NEC Roofing, Siding, and Sheet Metal Work Concrete Work Water Well Drilling Structural Steel Erection Glass and Glazing Work Excavation Work Wrecking & Demolition Work Installation or Erection of Building Equipment NEC Special Trade Contractors, Unclassified Newspapers: Publishing, or Publishing & Printing Periodicals: Publishing, or Publishing & Printing Miscellaneous Consultants Contractors (building) Contractors (building) Contractors (building) Contractors (building) Contractors (infra) Contractors (infra) Contractors (infra) Contractors (infra) Contractors (building) Contractors (building) Contractors (building) Contractors (building) Contractors (building) Contractors (building) Contractors (building) Contractors (building) Contractors (building) Contractors (building) Contractors (infra) Contractors (infra) Contractors (infra) Contractors (infra) Contractors (building) Contractors (building) Contractors (building) Printing & Publishing Printing & Publishing

2731 2732 2741 2752 2754 2759 2761 2771 2782 2789 2791 2796 4729 4911 4941 4952 4953 4959 5012 5013 5014 5015 5021 5023 5031 5032 5033 5039 5043 5044 5045 5046 5047 5048 5049 5051 5052 5063 5064 5065 5072 5074 5075 5078 5082 5083

Books: Publishing, or Publishing & Printing Book Printing Miscellaneous Publishing Commercial Printing, Lithographic Commercial Printing, Gravure Commercial Printing, Unclassified Manifold Business Forms Greeting Cards Blankbooks, Looseleaf Binders and Devices Bookbinding & Related Work Typesetting Platemaking & Related Services Arrangement of Passenger Transportation, Unclassified Electric Services Water Supply Sewerage Systems Refuse Systems Sanitary Services, Unclassified Automobiles & Other Motor Vehicles Wholesale Trade Motor Vehicle Supplies & New Parts Tires and Tubes Motor Vehicle Parts, Used Furniture Home Furnishings Lumber, Plywood, Millwork, and Wood Panels Brick, Stone, and Related Construction Materials Roofing, Siding, and Insulation Materials Construction Materials, Unclassified Photographic Equipment & Supplies Office Equipment Computers & Computer Peripheral Equipment & Software Commercial Equipment, Unclassified Medical, Dental, and Hospital Equipment & Supplies Opthalmic Goods Professional Equipment & Supplies, Unclassified Metals Service Centers and Offices Coal and Other Minerals & Ores Electric Apparatus & Eqpmnt, Wiring Suppls, & Cnstrctn Electrical Appliances, Television, and Radio Sets Electronic Parts & Equipment, Unclassified Hardware Plumbing & Heating Equipment & Supplies (Hydronics) Warm Air Heating & A/C Equipment & Supplies Refrigeration Equipment & Supplies Construction & Mining (Excpt Petro) Mchnry & Eqpmnt Farm and Garden Machinery & Equipment

Printing & Publishing Printing & Publishing Printing & Publishing Printing & Publishing Printing & Publishing Printing & Publishing Printing & Publishing Printing & Publishing Printing & Publishing Printing & Publishing Printing & Publishing Printing & Publishing Miscellaneous Utilities Utilities Utilities Utilities Utilities Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade

5084 5085 5087 5088 5091 5092 5093 5094 5099 5111 5112 5113 5122 5131 5136 5137 5139 5141 5142 5143 5144 5145 5146 5147 5148 5149 5153 5154 5159 5162 5169 5172 5181 5182 5191 5192 5193 5194 5198 5199 5211 5231 5251 5261 5271 5311

Industrial Machinery & Equipment Industrial Supplies Service Establishment Equipment and Supplies Transport Equipment & Supplies, Except Motor Vehicles Sporting and Recreational Goods & Supplies Toys and Hobby Goods & Supplies Scrap and Waste Materials Jewelry, Watches, Precious Stones & Precious Metals Durable Goods, Unclassified Printing and Writing Paper Stationery & Office Supplies Industrial & Personal Service Paper Drugs, Drug Proprietaries, and Druggists' Sundries Piece Goods, Notions, and Other Dry Goods Men's and Boy's Clothing & Furnishings Women's, Children's, and Infants' Clothing & Accessories Footwear Groceries, General Line Packaged Frozen Foods Dairy Products, Except Dried or Canned Poultry and Poultry Products Confectionery Fish & Seafoods Meats & Meat Products Fresh Fruits & Vegetables Groceries & Related Products, Unclassified Grain and Field Beans Livestock Farm-Product Raw Materials, Unclassified Plastics Materials and Basic Forms & Shapes Chemicals and Allied Products, Unclassified Petro & Petro Products Wholesale, Except Bulk Stations Beer and Ale Wine & Distilled Alcoholic Beverages Farm Supplies Books, Periodicals, and Newspapers Flowers, Nursery Stock, and Florists' Supplies Tobacco and Tobacco Products Paints, Varnishes, and Supplies Nondurable Goods, Unclassified Lumber & Other Building Materials Dealers Paint, Glass, and Wallpaper Stores Hardware Stores Retail Nurseries, Lawn, and Garden Supply Stores Mobile Home Dealers Department Stores

Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Wholesale Trade Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail

5331 5399 5411 5421 5431 5441 5451 5461 5499 5511 5521 5531 5541 5551 5561 5571 5599 5611 5621 5632 5641 5651 5661 5699 5712 5713 5714 5719 5722 5731 5734 5735 5736 5812 Places 5813 5912 5921 5932 5941 5942 5943 5944 5945 5946 5947

Variety Stores Miscellaneous General Merchandise Stores Grocery Stores Meat & Seafood Markets, Including Freezer Provisioners Fruit and Vegetable Markets Candy, Nut, and Confectionery Stores Dairy Products Stores Retail Bakeries Miscellaneous Food Stores Motor Vehicle Dealers (New & Used) Motor Vehicle Dealers (Used Only) Auto and Home Supply Stores Gasoline Service Stations Boat Dealers Recreational Vehicle Dealers Motorcycle Dealers Automotive Dealers, Unclassified Men's and Boys' Clothing & Accessory Stores Women's Clothing Stores Women's Accessory & Specialty Stores Children's and Infants' Wear Stores Family Clothing Stores Shoe Stores Miscellaneous Apparel & Accessory Stores Furniture Stores Floor Covering Stores Drapery, Curtain, and Upholstery Stores Miscellaneous Home Furnishing Stores Household Appliance Stores Radio, Television, and Consumer Electronics Stores Computer and Computer Software Stores Record & Prerecorded Tape Stores Musical Instrument Stores Eating Retail Drinking Places (Alcoholic Beverages) Drug Stores & Proprietary Stores Liquor Stores Used Merchandise Stores Sporting Goods Stores & Bicycle Shops Book Stores Stationery Stores Jewelry Stores Hobby, Toy and Game Shops Camera & Photographic Supply Stores Gift, Novelty, and Souvenir Shops

Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail

Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail

5948 5949 5961 5962 5963 5989 5992 5993 5994 5995 5999 6011 6021 6035 6061 6099 6141 6153 6162 6211 6221 6231 6282 6311 6321 6324 6331 6351 6361 6371 6411 6512 6513 6514 6515 6519 6531 6541 6552 6553 6712 6719 6726 6732 6733 6792

Luggage and Leather Goods Stores Sewing, Needlework, and Piece Goods Stores Catalog and Mail-Order Houses Automatic Merchandising Machine Operators Direct Selling Establishments Fuel Dealers, Unclassified Florists Tobacco Stores & Stands News Dealers & Newsstands Optical Goods Stores Miscellaneous Retail Stores, Unclassified Federal Reserve Banks National Commercial Banks Savings Institutions, Federally Chartered Credit Unions, Federally Chartered Functions Related to Depository Banking, Unclassified Personal Credit Institutions Short-term Business Credit Institutions, Excpt Agriculture Mortgage Bankers and Loan Correspondents Security Brokers, Dealers, and Flotation Companies Commodity Contracts Brokers & Dealers Security and Commodity Exchanges Investment Advice Life Insurance Accident & Health Insurance Hospital & Medical Service Plans Fire, Marine, and Casualty Insurance Surety Insurance Title Insurance Pension, Health, and Welfare Funds Insurance Agents, Brokers, and Service Operators of Nonresidential Buildings Operators of Apartment Buildings Operators of Dwellings Other Than Apartment Buildings Operators of Residential Mobile Home Sites Lessors of Real Property, Unclassified Real Estate Agents & Managers Title Abstract Offices Land Subdividers and Developers, Except Cemeteries Cemetery Subdividers and Developers Offices of Bank Holding Companies Offices of Holding Companies, Unclassified Unit Invstmnt Trusts, Face-Amount Certfcte Offices, etc. Education, Religious, and Charitable Trusts Trusts, Except Education, Religious, and Charitable Oil Royalty Traders

Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail Retail FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE FIRE

6794 6799 7211 7212 7213 7215 7216 7217 7218 7219 7221 7231 7241 7251 7261 7291 7299 7311 7312 7313 7319 7322 7323 7331 7334 7335 7336 7338 7342 7349 7353 7359 7361 7363 7381 7382 7383 7384 7389 7513 7514 7519 7521 7532 7533 7534

Patent Owners and Lessors Investors, Unclassified Power Laundries, Family & Commercial Garment Pressing & Agents for Laundries & Drycleaners Linen Supply Coin-Operated Laundries and Drycleaning Drycleaning Plants, Except Rug Cleaning Carpet & Upholstery Cleaning Industrial Launderers Laundry & Garment Services, Unclassified Photographic Studios, Portrait Beauty Shops Barber Shops Shoe Repair Shops & Shoeshine Parlors Funeral Service and Crematories Tax Return Preparation Services Miscellaneous Personal Services, Unclassified Advertising Agencies Outdoor Advertising Services Radio, TV, and Publishers' Advertising Reps Advertising, Unclassified Adjustment & Collection Services Credit Reporting Services Direct Mail Advertising Services Photocopying and Duplicating Services Commercial Photography Commercial Art & Graphic Design Secretarial and Court Reporting Services Disinfecting and Pest Control Services Building Cleaning & Maintenance Services, NEC Heavy Construction Equipment, Renting & Leasing Equipment Rental & Leasing, Unclassified Employment Agencies Help Supply Services Detective, Guard, and Armored Car Services Security Systems Services News Syndicates Photofinishing Labs Business Services, Unclassified Truck Rental & Leasing, Without Drivers Passenger Car Rental Utility Trailer and Recreational Vehicle Rental Automobile Parking Top, Body, and Upholstery Repair Shops & Paint Shops Automotive Exhaust System Repair Shops Tire Retreading & Repair Shops

FIRE FIRE Personal Services Personal Services Personal Services Personal Services Personal Services Personal Services Personal Services Personal Services Personal Services Personal Services Personal Services Personal Services Personal Services Personal Services Personal Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Business Services Automotive Automotive Automotive Automotive Automotive Automotive Automotive

7536 7537 7538 7539 7542 7549 7622 7623 7629 7631 7641 7692 7694 7699 7841 8111 8322 8331 8351 8361 8399 8611 8631 8641 8651 8661 8699 8711 8712 8713 8721 8732 8733 8741 8742 8743 8748 8999

Automotive Glass Replacement Shops Automotive Automotive Transmission Repair Shops Automotive General Automotive Repair Shops Automotive Automotive Repair Shops, Unclassified Automotive Carwashes Automotive Automotive Services, Except Repair & Carwashes Automotive Radio and Television Repair Shops Miscellaneous Refrigeration and A/C Service & Repair Shops Miscellaneous Electrical & Electronic Repair Shops, NEC Miscellaneous Watch, Clock, and Jewelry Repair Miscellaneous Reupholstery & Furniture Repair Miscellaneous Welding Repair Miscellaneous Armature Rewinding Shops Miscellaneous Repair Shops and Related Services, Unclassified Miscellaneous Video Tape Rental Retail Legal Services Legal Individual and Family Social Services Social Services Job Training and Vocational Rehabilitation Services Social Services Child Daycare Services Social Services Residential Care Social Services Social Services, Unclassified Social Services Business Associations Membership Orgs Labor Unions and Similar Labor Organizations Membership Orgs Civic, Social, and Fraternal Organizations Membership Orgs Political Organizations Membership Orgs Religious Organizations Membership Orgs Membership Organizations, Unclassified Membership Orgs Engineering Services Consultants Architectural Services Consultants Surveying Services Consultants Accounting, Auditing, and Bookkeeping Services Consultants Commercial Econ, Sociological, & Educat. Research Consultants Noncommercial Research Organizations Consultants Management Services Consultants Management Consulting Services Consultants Public Relations Services Consultants Business Consulting Services, NEC Consultants Services, NEC (misc. art, consulting, music, & business services)

Tourism 4724 Travel Agencies 4725 Tour Operators 7011 Hotels and Motels 7021 Rooming & Boarding Houses 7032 Sporting & Recreational Camps

Hotels Hotels

7033 Recreational Vehicle Parks & Campsites Transportation 3731 3732 4011 4111 4119 4121 4131 4142 4151 4212 4213 4214 4215 4221 4222 4225 4226 4449 4489 4491 4492 4493 4499 4512 4513 4522 4581 4731 4783 4785 4789 Other: 9999 Nonclassifiable Establishments Ship Building & Repairing Boat Building & Repairing Railroads, Line-Haul Operating Local and Suburban Transit Local Passenger Transportation, Unclassified Taxicabs Intercity and Rural Bus Transportation Bus Charter Service, Except Local School Buses Local Trucking Without Storage Trucking, Except Local Local Trucking With Storage Courier Services, Except by Air Farm Product Warehousing & Storage Refrigerated Warehousing & Storage General Warehousing & Storage Special Warehousing & Storage, Unclassified Water Transportation of Freight, Unclassified Water Transportation of Passengers, Unclassified Marine Cargo Handling Towing & Tugboat Services Marinas Water Transportation Services, Unclassified Air Transportation, Scheduled Air Courier Services Air Transportation, Non-scheduled Airports, Flying Fields, and Airport Terminal Services Arrangement of Transportation of Freight & Cargo Packing & Crating Fixed Faclts and Inspctn & Weighing Srvcs for Vehicles Transportation Services, Unclassified Maritime Maritime Rail/Freight Highway/Transit Highway/Transit Highway/Transit Highway/Transit Highway/Transit Highway/Transit Distribution Centers Distribution Centers Distribution Centers Distribution Centers Distribution Centers Distribution Centers Distribution Centers Distribution Centers Maritime Maritime Maritime Maritime Maritime Maritime Air Air Air Air Rail & Freight Rail & Freight Highway/Transit

Area St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard

Cluster Transportation Tourism Services Arts & Entertainment Farm & Agriculture Government Information Services Life Sciences Manufacturing Mining Petrochemical Environmental Technology Oil & Gas Nonclassified Establishments TOTAL

2004 # of Firms 38 4 1241 51 13 51 47 116 58 1 5 0 6 2 1577

# of Retained Firms (20042007) 10 2 171 4 1 23 9 4 9 0 3 0 1 0

% of 2004 Firms Retained 26% 50% 14% 8% 8% 45% 19% 3% 16% 0% 60% 0% 17% 0%

# of Lost % of % of 2004 Firms 2007 Firms (2004Firms Lost 2007) Retained 28 2 1070 47 12 28 38 112 49 1 2 0 5 2 74% 50% 86% 92% 92% 55% 81% 97% 84% 100% 40% 0% 83% 100% 45% 67% 48% 33% 33% 77% 64% 33% 50% 0% 60% 25% 0%

# of New Firms 12 1 186 8 2 7 5 8 9 0 2 0 3 2

% of 2007 Firms 2007 # (New) of Firms 55% 22 33% 3 52% 357 67% 12 67% 3 23% 30 36% 14 67% 12 50% 18 0% 0 40% 5 0% 0 0% 4 100% 2 454

Rate of Return % Change (2004(20042007) 2007) 58% -42% 75% -25% 29% -71% 24% -76% 23% -77% 59% 41% 30% -60% 10% -90% 31% -69% 0% -100% 100% 0% 0% 0% 67% -33% 0% 0%

Legend
InfoUSA Arts & Entertainment New Firms InfoUSA Arts & Entertainment Retained Firms Since 2004
Fris Meh c Cen oville A le Ave ter St ve Ayc ock Chalmette Sl St ip Rd Per Old rin Lan Dr dfill Acc ess Jean Rd Lafit te P ky

InfoUSA Arts & Entertainment Lost Firms

Planning Districts
Mar ina Rd

Norwood D r

WC halm ette Back Leve Bear e Rd Patr Dr icia St

NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras
r yD n nc Bie Na Rue Ln x rau Me

udg eP

WS

Jon es Dr Jac kso nB lvd Del ille St Pe Fis lite Buffon her re St Rd Dr Pla Golde za nD Dr r Ga llo Dr Vo Kare lpe nD r Dr Cha lon Len aD aD r r Jac ob Ma Dr ry A nn Dr Bar tolo Dr Pa Ol ul i vi Dr Ru aS eC t arm en Br ad bu ry St Dr Ma rie Dr
t Be rnar d Hw y
River R d
Ohio St

8th S t 4th S t

erez

Dr

Bo nita

Dr

Kin gs D Jun r oD r

WJ

E Ch WV alme irtue tte B St ack WG Leve enie e Rd St

Par is
Levee Access Rd

Rd

Torres Dr

Sugar Mill Dr Deborah Dr Gina Dr

Neal Ln Heights Dr Stay Park Dr

Creedmoor Dr

Western Gas Rd

Access Rd

Suzi Dr

Billiot Dr

Todd Dr

Gnell Dr

St Bernard Pky

Bayou Rd

Nehlig Ln

Sylvia Dr

Blv

Ysc losk ey

Rd Rd e ss e ss Acc Acc

Flo

y nt Hw rissa

Hwy Be nc h

sA t ru Ci

Ho pe da le H

**Rate of Return consists of retained firms plus any new firms since 2004

0

0.25 0.5

1 Miles

St. Bernard Parish Arts & Entertainment Cluster

8

Dela cr

Cluster Arts & Entertainment

# of # of Lost Retained % of 2004 % of 2007 Firms Firms % of 2004 Firms Firms (20042004 # of (2004Firms Lost Retained 2007) Firms 2007) Retained 51 4 8% 47 92% 33%

oix Hwy

# of New Firms

% of 2007 Firms (New)

2007 # of Firms 67% 12

Rate of % Return Change (2004(20042007) 2007) 24% -76%

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission May 2008

d
ve
wy

be Lum

ryard

Rd

E

St

Be

rn ar d

Hw y

r nD no an Sh r a D k Dr e rr Oa Gu

* See RPC Appendix for Arts & Entertainment Cluster Categories

c Bir

t hS

ve aA rid Flo

St 6th St 3rd
St Canal C St

Farmsite Rd Green Ave

Riverbend Dr

EJ e udg rez Pe Dr
La Hwy 46

in Founta

t Dr Guillo

o Sar

Ln

Ln

Ver re t

St

Legend
InfoUSA Farm & Agriculture New Firms
cce ss R d

InfoUSA Farm & Agriculture Retained Firms Since 2004 InfoUSA Farm & Agriculture Lost Firms
Marina Rd

and fill A

Per rin Dr

Ave

udg eP

Kin gs Dr

WC halm ette Back Patr Bear D r icia Leve St e Rd

Old L

Planning Districts
NAME
t e Ba ck L

Meh le

WJ

Del d ille Par St is R Lap d lace St Pla za Pec Dr L an ynd Dr Vol Karen el Dr pe Dr Dr Ga Len llo aD Dr r Jac ob Dr Bar tolo Dr Pa ul Rue M Dr arc elle Br ad bu St Ma ry Dr rie Dr

Cen ter

Jac k

WS

t Be rnar

Bo nita Dr

d Hw y

son

8th S t

St

erez

Blv

Dr

WV irtu W G e St enie St

E Ch

alme t

Arabi - Chalmette
evee Rd

Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee
y nc Na
Ln ux e ra M

Fis her Rd

Torres Dr

Flamin go Dr

Access Rd

Todd Dr

Suzi Dr

Neal Ln

Gnell Dr

St Bernard Pky

Bayou Rd

Nehlig Ln Oak Grove Ln

Creedmoor Dr

Stay Park Dr

Sylvia Dr

Gina Dr

**Rate of Return consists of retained firms plus any new firms since 2004
# of # of Lost Retained % of 2004 % of 2007 Firms Firms % of 2004 Firms Firms (20042004 # of (2004Firms Lost Retained 2007) Firms 2007) Retained 13 1 8% 12 92% 33% # of New Firms 2 % of 2007 Firms (New) Rate of % Return Change (2004(20042007) 2007) 23% -77%

Cluster Farm & Agriculture

0

0.3

0.6

1.2 Miles

St. Bernard Parish Farm & Agriculture Cluster

2007 # of Firms 67% 3

Dela cr

oix Hwy

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission May 2008

Hoped ale

Canal

be Lum

ryard

Rd

River R d

Ohio St

Levee Access Rd

Dr

Parish Road Violet - Poydras
* See RPC Appendix for Farm & Agriculture Cluster Categories
Dr r D rra ue Oak G

E

St

Be

rn ar d

Hw y

St 6th St 3rd
St Canal C St

Riverbend Dr

EJ e udg rez Pe Dr
La Hwy 46

in Founta

t Dr Guillo

o Sar

Ln

Ln

Ver re t

St

e Acc

ss

Rd

s Floris

wy ant H

lvd dB ar Ave g re s au itru Be C Ft Ho pe da le Hw y

Old Lan dfill Old Acc Lan ess dfill Rd Acc ess Rd

Legend
ack L e
Marina Rd

InfoUSA Government New Firms InfoUSA Government Retained Firms Since 2004 InfoUSA Government Lost Firms

ve Fris Meh co v le A Com ille ve mun Ave ity S Ayc t ock Chalmette Sl St ip Rd Cen ter Per St Ro rin se Dr Nor Rowl St ey ton Ave Blvd Pira Cou te D gar r Cre Dr ely Dr

Patr ic

ky

ia St

Ang ela A

Parc WJ Pl Col udge P one erez l Dr Dr

Jac kso Llo nB yd s lvd Jup Ave Fen iter Iv elon Dr Del y Pl St ill eS t Buf Fis fon her Ma St Rd riet Lap ta S lace t S Acc Go t Ver Pla lde e ss o z nD Rd Pec nica D a Dr r r Cha an D Pin Lyn De e D C lon r com del r har a D D r V les i Dr olp Palm ne Dr r eD isan r Ven oB Co tura lvd rinn Dr e D Gal Len lo D r a r Jac Dr Cam p ob Dr D agna D esp aux r Dr Mu nst er B l vd Jud y D Barto r lo D r Ol Jud i vi Pa yD aS R ul r Dr ue C t arm en Br ad bu ry Dr St Ma rie Dr

te P

Wa xM

Kin gs Dr

Laf it

y rt l eD r

Ben ja

min S

t

Par is

Rd

Rd

WC halm ette B

vee

t

Bon ita Dr

Pla nt R d

Riv er

Old H

t Be rnar

icko ry A

NP

ete

rs S

WS

d Hw y

ve

ve

Liv in

gst on A

E E La Chalmet te B w St t E ack Virtu WG Leve e St e Rd W Jo enie St seph ine S WP rosp t er S t
WV irtue S

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard
e

Jea n

Co ke

Access Rd Kenilworth Dr

Saro Ln

Todd Dr Ricouard Dr Centanni Dr Torres Dr Suzi Dr Grey's Rd Sugar Mill Dr

Western Gas Rd

Deborah Dr

Heights Dr

Access Rd

Billiot Dr

Neal Ln

Gnell Dr

St Bernard Pky

Dean Rd

ce Ac

ss

Rd Bayou Rd

Callais Ln

Starling Dr

Creedmoor Dr

Stay Park Dr

Access Rd

Gina Dr

Sylvia Dr

Green Ave

Nehlig Ln

**Rate of Return consists of retained firms plus any new firms since 2004
# of # of Lost Retained % of 2004 % of 2007 Firms Firms % of 2004 Firms Firms (20042004 # of (2004Firms Lost Retained 2007) Firms 2007) Retained 51 23 45% 28 55% 77% # of New Firms 7 % of 2007 Firms (New) Rate of % Return Change (2004(20042007) 2007) 59% 41%
e Acc ss

Lumberyard Rd

Florid a Av

Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras
* See RPC Appendix for Government Cluster Categories

Rd

River Rd

s elo Se

Ct

1st S

t

E Ge Ln en Dr li nie re y S o u Ma anc ue J r t D N R w Dr r eado Ln D M aux nd r ge lmar Le Va Me Dr E on St nn Dr a Be Sh Tara rn ar dH r Dr a wy kD Ln err Oa ad Gu he n L ac Be iardi s Ct ' icc mie L a J

eA ve Le

ve aA rid Flo

cc

s es

Rd

l nie Da

Dr

ham Rd St Packen Canal

A St C St

Cluster Government

0

0.2

0.4

0.8 Miles

St. Bernard Parish Government Cluster

2007 # of Firms 23% 30

St 6th

S 3rd

t

Senko Rd

St 4th

Riverbend Dr

South Lake Blvd Farmsite Rd

EJ e udg rez Pe Dr
La Hwy 46

t Dr Guillo Rd nz W Fa

in Founta Ln

Ver re t
Access Rd

St

Pumping Station No. 8

Rd

e Acc

ss

Rd

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission May 2008

Old Lan dfill Old Acc Lan ess dfill Rd Acc ess Rd

Legend
ack L e
Marina Rd

InfoUSA Information Services New Firms InfoUSA Information Services Retained Firms Since 2004 InfoUSA Information Services Lost Firms

ve Fris Meh co v le A Com ille ve mun Ave ity S Ayc t ock Chalmette Sl St ip Rd Cen ter Per St Ro rin se Dr Nor Rowl St ey ton Ave Blvd Pira Cou te D gar r Cre Dr ely Dr

Patr ic

ky

ia St

Ang ela A

Parc WJ Pl Col udge P one erez l Dr Dr

Jac kso Llo nB yd s lvd Jup Ave Fen iter Iv elon Dr Del y Pl St ill eS t Buf Fis fon her Ma St Rd riet Lap ta S lace t S Acc Go t Ver Pla lde e ss o z nD Rd Pec nica D a Dr r r Cha an D Pin Lyn De e D C lon r com del r har a D D r V les i Dr olp Palm ne Dr r eD isan r Ven oB Co tura lvd rinn Dr e D Gal Len lo D r a r Jac Dr Cam p ob Dr D agna D esp aux r Dr Mu nst er B l vd Jud y D Barto r lo D r Ol Jud i vi Pa yD aS R ul r Dr ue C t arm en Br ad bu ry Dr St Ma rie Dr

te P

Wa xM

Kin gs Dr

Laf it

y rt l eD r

Ben ja

min S

t

Par is

Rd

Rd

WC halm ette B

vee

t

Bon ita Dr

Pla nt R d

Riv er

Old H

t Be rnar

icko ry A

NP

ete

rs S

WS

d Hw y

ve

ve

Liv in

gst on A

E E La Chalmet te B w St t E ack Virtu WG Leve e St e Rd W Jo enie St seph ine S WP rosp t er S t
WV irtue S

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard
e

Jea n

Co ke

Access Rd Kenilworth Dr

Saro Ln

Todd Dr Ricouard Dr Centanni Dr Torres Dr Suzi Dr Grey's Rd Sugar Mill Dr

Western Gas Rd

Deborah Dr

Heights Dr

Access Rd

Billiot Dr

Neal Ln

Gnell Dr

St Bernard Pky

Dean Rd

ce Ac

ss

Rd Bayou Rd

Callais Ln

Starling Dr

Creedmoor Dr

Stay Park Dr

Access Rd

Gina Dr

Sylvia Dr

Green Ave

Nehlig Ln

**Rate of Return consists of retained firms plus any new firms since 2004

Cluster Information Services
0 0.2 0.4 0.8 Miles

Lumberyard Rd

Florid a Av

Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras
* See RPC Appendix for Information Services Cluster Categories

Rd

River Rd

s elo Se

Ct

1st S

t

E Ge Ln en Dr li nie re y S o u Ma anc ue J r t D N R w Dr r eado Ln D M aux nd r ge lmar Le Va Me Dr E on St nn Dr a Be Sh Tara rn ar dH r Dr a wy kD Ln err Oa ad Gu he n L ac Be iardi s Ct ' icc mie L a J

# of # of Lost Retained % of 2004 % of 2007 Firms Firms % of 2004 Firms Firms (20042004 # of (2004Firms Lost Retained 2007) Firms 2007) Retained 47 9 19% 38 81% 64%

St. Bernard Parish Information Services Cluster

eA ve Le

ve aA rid Flo

cc

s es

Rd

l nie Da

Dr

ham Rd St Packen Canal

A St C St

St 6th

# of New Firms 5

S 3rd

t

Senko Rd

St 4th

Riverbend Dr

South Lake Blvd Farmsite Rd

EJ e udg rez Pe Dr
La Hwy 46

t Dr Guillo Rd nz W Fa

in Founta Ln

Ver re t
Access Rd

St

Pumping Station No. 8

% of 2007 Firms (New)

2007 # of Firms 36% 14

Rate of % Return Change (2004(20042007) 2007) 30% -60%

e Acc

ss

Rd

e Acc

ss

Rd

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission May 2008

Old Lan dfi Old Lan ll Acce dfill s Acc s Rd ess Rd

Legend
InfoUSA Life Sciences New Firms
Jea nL Lac afit lant ost Old te P Rd eD Hic ky Eva r kory nge Ave Fer Kin line A Jac ry L ve gs Trio k and Dr St son B ing lvd Jup Rd iter I Dr Del vy Pl Ros ille St eA ve Fen Buf Fis elon fon her M S St Rd ariet Lap t ta S lace t S Ve P Go t lde Lisa Palmi ronic laza nD St C sano a Dr Dr r Pin hal B Lyn Par eD ona lvd is R del r Co Dr d Dr rinn Vol Kar pe eD en Dr r Cha Dr Ven rles tura Dr Dr L Ga llo ena Dr Dr Cam Jac pag ob Dr D na esp D aux r Mu Dr nst er B l vd Jud y D Bar tolo r Dr Ol Jud i vi Pa yD aS R ul Dr ue C r t arm en Br ad bu ry Dr St Ma rie Dr
ack L e
d Marina R

ve Meh le A ovil le A ve Cen ve ter St Ayc ock Chalmette Sl St ip Rd Cen ter Per St rin Nor Rowl Dr ey ton Ave Blvd Pira Cou te D gar r Dr

Sidn e

y St Patr icia St

WC halm ette B

InfoUSA Life Sciences Retained Firms Since 2004 InfoUSA Life Sciences Lost Firms

vee

Rd

NP

ete

rs S

t

WJ Col udge P one erez l Dr Dr 8th S t 4th S t WS t Be rnar d Hw y

WV irtue S

t

Ang ela A

EC E La halmet te B w St ack L

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard
e

evee

Rd

Fris c

Cok eP

Rd

Bon ita Dr

Heights Dr Stay Park Dr

Creedmoor Dr

Serpas Ln

Access Rd

Gina Dr

Nehlig Ln

Saro Ln

Green Ave

Torres Dr

Farmsite Rd

Access Rd Kenilworth Dr Sylvia Dr

Western Gas Rd

Deborah Dr

Access Rd

Suzi Dr

Neal Ln

Billiot Dr

Todd Dr

Gnell Dr

St Bernard Pky

Sugar Mill Dr

Bayou Rd

Access Rd

**Rate of Return consists of retained firms plus any new firms since 2004
# of # of Lost Retained % of 2004 % of 2007 Firms Firms % of 2004 Firms Firms (20042004 # of (2004Firms Lost Retained 2007) Firms 2007) Retained 116 4 3% 112 97% 33%
Hwy croix Dela

Lumberyard Rd

Riv er

Trist P

l

Florid a Av

Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras
* See RPC Appendix for Life Sciences Cluster Categories

River R d

1st S

t

r y D ien nc eB Na Ru n Dr Dr xL nd ar rau ge Le Valm Me Dr E on St nn a Dr Be a Sh Tar rn ar dH r Dr Dr kD rra wy ar ue dg Oa E G

ve aA rid Flo

Dean Rd

t t St 5th S 4th S 6th St 3rd 1st St Rd ess
A St C St

ee Lev

Acc

St Canal

Riverbend Dr

EJ e udg rez Pe Dr
nS l so Wi t
La Hwy 46

in Founta Ln

t Dr Guillo

Ver re t
Access Rd

St

Pumping Station No. 8

e Acc

ss

Rd

ce Ac

ss

Rd
s Floris

wy ant H

# of New Firms 8

Cluster Life Sciences

% of 2007 Firms (New)

2007 # of Firms 67% 12

0

0.2

0.4

0.8 Miles

St. Bernard Parish Life Sciences Cluster

Rate of % Return Change (2004(20042007) 2007) 10% -90%

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission May 2008

Fris Meh c Cen oville A le Ave ter St ve

Per rin Dr

WC halm ette Bear Back Patr Dr Leve icia St e Rd

Marina Rd

Legend
InfoUSA Manufacturing New Firms
t e Ba ck L

Pky

udg eP

Kin gs Dr Blv Juno D d r

WJ

Del ille Par St Fis is R her Lap d Rd lace St Pla za Pec Dr L an ynd Dr Vol Karen el Dr pe Dr Dr Ga Len llo aD Dr r Jac ob Dr Bar tolo Dr Pa Ol ul R i vi Dr ue aS Car t me Br n ad bu ry St Dr Ma rie Dr

Lafit te

Jean

WS

Bo nita Dr

t Be rnar

Jac k

son

8th S t

erez

Dr

WV irtue St WG enie St

E Ch

alme t

evee

InfoUSA Manufacturing Retained Firms Since 2004
Rd

InfoUSA Manufacturing Lost Firms

Access Rd

Sylvia Dr

Gina Dr

Funny Farm Ln Creedmoor Dr

Oak Grove Ln

Todd Dr

Neal Ln Heights Dr

Suzi Dr

St Bernard Pk

y

Access Rd Gnell Dr

Bayou Rd

Nehlig Ln

**Rate of Return consists of retained firms plus any new firms since 2004
# of # of Lost Retained % of 2004 % of 2007 Firms Firms % of 2004 Firms Firms (20042004 # of (2004Firms Lost Retained 2007) Firms 2007) Retained 58 9 16% 49 84% 50% # of New Firms 9 % of 2007 Firms (New) 2007 # of Firms 50% 18 Rate of % Return Change (2004(20042007) 2007) 31% -69%

Cluster Manufacturing

0 0.25 0.5

1 Miles

St. Bernard Parish Manufacturing Cluster

Dela cr

oix Hwy

be Lum

d Hw y

Planning Districts
NAME
r yD n nc Bie Na Rue Ln x rau Me

ryard

Rd

River R d

Ohio St

Levee Access Rd

Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras
* See RPC Appendix for Manufacturing Cluster Categories
La Hwy 46

E

Ave rida Flo

St

Be

rn ar d

Hw y

r Dr rra ak D ue O G

St 6th St 3rd
St Canal t CS

Riverbend Dr

Green Ave

EJ e udg rez Pe Dr
Farmsite Rd

in Founta

t Dr Guillo

o Sar

Ln

Ln

Ver re t

St

Rd Rd e ss e ss Acc Acc

s Floris

wy ant H

lvd dB ar Ave g re s au itru Be C Ft
Ho pe da le H

wy

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission May 2008

te P ky Kin gs Dr

min St B Patr ear Dr icia St

Benja

Marina Rd

Legend
InfoUSA Oil & Gas New Firms InfoUSA Oil & Gas Firms Retained Since 2004
evee Rd

Jac kso nB lvd Del ille Par St Fis is R her Lap d Rd lace St Pla za Pec Dr L an ynd Dr Vol Karen el Dr pe Dr Dr Ga Len llo aD Dr r

Bo nita Dr

d Hw y

Bar tolo Dr Pa ul Rue Ma Dr rc e lle Br ad bu St Ma ry D r rie Dr

WS

t Be rnar

8th S t

WV irtu W G e St enie St

Jea n

E Ch

Laf it

alme t

t e Ba ck L

Torres Dr

Access Rd

Todd Dr

Neal Ln

Gnell Dr

St Bernard Pky

Saro L n

Bayou Rd

Nehlig Ln Oak Grove Ln

Creedmoor Dr

Stay Park Dr

Sylvia Dr

Gina Dr

Citr us

Ave

**Rate of Return consists of retained firms plus any new firms since 2004
# of # of Lost Retained % of 2004 % of 2007 Firms Firms % of 2004 Firms Firms (20042004 # of (2004Firms Lost Retained 2007) Firms 2007) Retained 6 1 17% 5 83% 25% # of New Firms 3 % of 2007 Firms (New) 2007 # of Firms 0% 4 Rate of % Return Change (2004(20042007) 2007) 67% -33%

Cluster Oil & Gas

0 0.25 0.5

1 Miles

St. Bernard Parish Oil & Gas Cluster

Dela cr

oix Hwy

rr Pe Dr in

InfoUSA Oil & Gas Lost Firms

be Lum

Planning Districts
NAME
y nc Na
Ln ux e ra M

ryard

Rd

River R d

Levee Access Rd

Ohio St

Dr

Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras
* See RPC Appendix for Oil & Gas Cluster Categories
Dr r D rra ue Oak G

E

St

Be

rn ar d

Hw y

St 6th St 3rd
St Canal St C

Goodwill St

Riverbend Dr

EJ e udg rez Pe Dr
La Hwy 46

t Dr Guillo

s Acces

Rd

Ver re t

St

ce Ac

ss

Rd

s Floris

wy ant H

B Ft

e

rd ga re au

vd Bl

Hop eda le H

wy

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission May 2008

Legend
InfoUSA Petrochemical New Firms InfoUSA Petrochemical Lost Firms
Marina Rd

ve Fris Meh co v le A Com ille ve mun Ave ity S Ac Ayc t ce ock ss Chalmette Sl St Rd ip Rd Cen ter Per St rin Old Dr Lan Nor Rowl dfill ey ton Bl v Acc Ave d

ess

Rd

Cou gar

Patr ic

Kin Jac gs kso Dr Llo nB yd s lvd Jup Ave Fen iter Ivy elon Dr St Delill Pl eS t Buf Fis fon her Ma St Rd riet Lap ta S lace t S Acc Ver Go t e ss lde oni Plaza ca nD Rd Pec Dr Dr r Cha an D Pin L De e D C lon r com yndel aD r har D les r V i Dr olp Palm ne Dr r eD isan r Ven oB Co tura lvd rinn Dr Len e Dr Gallo Dr a Jac Dr Cam p ob Dr D agna D esp aux r Mu Dr nst er B l vd Jud y D Barto r lo D r Ol Jud i vi Pa yD aS R ul Dr ue C r t arm en Br ad bu ry Dr St Ma rie Dr

te P

ky

ia St

Par is

Dr

WC halm ette e St Back Ros Le

InfoUSA Petrochemical Retained Firms Since 2004

vee

Wa xM

Laf it

y rt l eD r

Rd Ben jami

Rd

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee
e

n St

Ang ela A

Pira te D r Cre ely Dr

Parc WJ Pl Col udge P one erez l Dr Dr

t

Bon ita Dr

Co ke

Pla nt R d

Riv er

Old H

t Be rnar

icko ry A

NP

ete

rs S

WS

d Hw y

ve

ve

Liv in

gst on A

WG W Jo enie St seph ine S WP rosp t er S t

WV irtue S

E E L Chalmet te B t E V aw St ack irtue Leve St e

Jea n

Rd

Access Rd Kenilworth Dr Sylvia Dr

Torres Dr

Saro Ln

Suzi Dr Grey's Rd Sugar Mill Dr

Western Gas Rd

Deborah Dr

Heights Dr

Access Rd

Billiot Dr

Neal Ln

Gnell Dr

St Bernard Pky

Todd Dr Ricouard Dr

Bayou Rd

Access Rd

Starling Dr

Creedmoor Dr

Stay Park Dr

Access Rd

Gina Dr

Green Ave

Nehlig Ln

**Rate of Return consists of retained firms plus any new firms since 2004
# of # of Lost Retained % of 2004 % of 2007 Firms Firms % of 2004 Firms Firms (20042004 # of (2004Firms Lost Retained 2007) Firms 2007) Retained 5 3 60% 2 40% 60% # of New Firms 2 % of 2007 Firms (New) Rate of % Return Change (2004(20042007) 2007) 100% 0%

Lumberyard Rd

Florid a Av

Parish Road Violet - Poydras
* See RPC Appendix for Petrochemical Cluster Categories

Rd

River Rd

s elo Se

Ct

1st S

t

E Ge n n nL ee Dr oli ie S ur cy J t Ma an ue r N R wD r do Ln D a nd ar Dr Me aux r ge Le Valm Me r E nD St no r an ra D Be Sh Ta rn ar dH r Dr wy kD n rra Oa d L Gue ea h ac Be Ct e's mi Ja

ve aA rid Flo

l nie Da

Dr

St 6th

Dean Rd

ee Lev

St 3rd 1st St Rd ess Acc

a Packenh

A St C St

m Rd St Canal

St 4th

South Lake Blvd Farmsite Rd

Riverbend Dr

EJ e udg rez Pe Dr
La Hwy 46

t Dr Guillo Rd nz W Fa

in Founta Ln

Ver re t
Access Rd

St

Pumping Station No. 8

Cluster Petrochemical

2007 # of Firms 40% 5

0

0.25

0.5

1 Miles

St. Bernard Parish Petrochemical Cluster

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission May 2008

cce

ss R d

Legend
InfoUSA Services New Firms
Marina Rd

Del d ille Par St is R Lap d lace St Pla za Pec D an Dr K r Lynde l Dr Vol aren pe Dr Dr Ga Len llo aD Dr r

Bar tolo Dr Pa ul Rue M Dr arc elle Br ad bu St Ma ry D r rie Dr

Bo nita Dr

WC halm ette Bear Back Patr Dr icia Leve St e Rd WJ WV udg irtue e Pe St rez Dr 8th S t NP WS ete t Be rs S rnar t d Hw y

Old L

and fill A

InfoUSA Services Retained Firms Since 2004 InfoUSA Services Lost Firms

Ave

St

Kin gs Dr

Cen ter

Meh le

E Ch

alme t

t e Ba ck L

Jac k

son

evee

Planning Districts
Rd

Blv

Fis her Rd

Torres Dr

Access Rd

Todd Dr

Neal Ln

Gnell Dr

St Bernard Pky

Saro L n

Bayou Rd

Nehlig Ln Oak Grove Ln

Creedmoor Dr

Stay Park Dr

Sylvia Dr

Gina Dr

**Rate of Return consists of retained firms plus any new firms since 2004
# of # of Lost Retained % of 2004 % of 2007 Firms Firms % of 2004 Firms Firms (20042004 # of (2004Firms Lost Retained 2007) Firms 2007) Retained 1241 171 14% 1070 86% 48% # of New Firms 186 % of 2007 Firms (New) Rate of % Return Change (2004(20042007) 2007) 29% -71%

Cluster Services

2007 # of Firms 52% 357

0

0.25

0.5

1 Miles

St. Bernard Parish Services Cluster

Dela cr

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission May 2008

Hoped ale

oix Hwy

Canal

rr Pe

Dr in

NAME
Arabi - Chalmette Lower St. Bernard
y nc Na Dr
Me n xL rau

be Lum

ryard

Rd

River R d

Levee Access Rd

Ohio St

Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras
* See RPC Appendix for Services Cluster Categories
La Hwy 46

E

St

Be

rn ar d

Hw y

r aD r e rr k D Gu Oa

St 6th St 3rd
St Canal t CS

Goodwill St

Riverbend Dr

EJ e udg rez Pe Dr

t Dr Guillo

s Acces

Ver re t

Rd

St

e Acc

ss

Rd

s Floris

wy ant H

lvd dB ar Ave g re s au itru Be C Ft Ho pe da le Hw y

Legend
InfoUSA Tourism New Firms
ss R d and fill A cce

InfoUSA Tourism Retained Firms Since 2004
WC halm ette B
Marina Rd

InfoUSA Tourism Lost Firms

Old L

Ayc ock M St ehle Cen Ave ter St

Per rin Dr

Patr Bear D r icia St

ack Leve e

Planning Districts
NAME
t e Ba ck L

udg eP

Kin gs Dr

WJ

Del d ille Par St is R Lap d lace St Pla za Pec Dr L an ynd Dr Vol Karen el Dr pe Dr Dr Ga Len llo aD Dr r Jac ob Dr Bar tolo Dr Pa ul Rue Ma Dr rc e lle Br ad bu St Ma ry D r rie Dr

Jac k

WS

t Be rnar

Bo nita Dr

d Hw y

son

8th S t

erez

Blv

Dr

WV irtu W G e St enie St

Rd

E Ch

alme t

evee

Arabi - Chalmette
Rd

Lower St. Bernard Meraux Outside the levee
y nc Na Dr
n xL rau r r aD err ak D Gu O

Fis her Rd

Torres Dr

Flamin go Dr

Access Rd

Todd Dr

Suzi Dr

Neal Ln

Gnell Dr

St Bernard Pky

Bayou Rd

Nehlig Ln Oak Grove Ln

Creedmoor Dr

Stay Park Dr

Sylvia Dr

Gina Dr

**Rate of Return consists of retained firms plus any new firms since 2004
# of # of Lost Retained % of 2004 % of 2007 Firms Firms % of 2004 Firms Firms (20042004 # of (2004Firms Lost Retained 2007) Firms 2007) Retained 4 2 50% 2 50% 67% # of New Firms 1 % of 2007 Firms (New) Rate of % Return Change (2004(20042007) 2007) 75% -25%

Cluster Tourism

2007 # of Firms 33% 3

0

0.25

0.5

1 Miles

St. Bernard Parish Tourism Cluster

Dela cr

oix Hwy

be Lum

ryard

Rd

River R d

Ohio St

Levee Access Rd

Parish Road Violet - Poydras
* See RPC Appendix for Tourism Cluster Categories

E

St

Be

rn ar d

Me

Hw y

St 6th St 3rd
St Canal St C

Riverbend Dr

EJ e udg rez Pe Dr
La Hwy 46

in Founta

t Dr Guillo

o Sar

Ln

Ln

Ver re t

St

e Acc

ss

Rd

s Floris

wy ant H

lvd dB ar Ave g re s au itru Be C Ft

Hop eda le H

wy

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission May 2008

ss Rd

an dfil l

Ac

Legend
Marina Rd

Ave

WC halm ette Mink Back Patr Dr icia Leve St e

ce

Old L

InfoUSA Transportation New Firms InfoUSA Transportation Retained Firms Since 2004

Meh le

udg eP

Kin gs Dr

Cen ter

WJ

Del d ille Par St is R Lap d lace Pla St za Dr L ynd el D Vol r pe Dr Ga Len llo aD Dr r

Fis her Rd

Dr

River R d

Ohio St

Bar tolo Dr Pa ul Dr Br ad bu St Ma ry D r rie Dr

Bo nita Dr

d Hw y

Jac k

NP

ete

rs S

t

WS

8th S t t Be rnar

Blv

erez

Dr

WV irtue S

Rd

St

t

E Ch

alme t

t e Ba ck L

InfoUSA Transportation Lost Firms
evee Rd

son

Pine

Torres Dr

Access Rd

Todd Dr

Neal Ln

Gnell Dr

St Bernard Pky

Saro L n

Bayou Rd

Nehlig Ln Oak Grove Ln

Creedmoor Dr

Stay Park Dr

Sylvia Dr

e Acc

ss

Rd

Citr us

s Floris

wy ant H

Ave Ben ch

Blv

d

**Rate of Return consists of retained firms plus any new firms since 2004

Cluster Transportation

# of # of Lost Retained % of 2004 % of 2007 Firms Firms % of 2004 Firms Firms (20042004 # of (2004Firms Lost Retained 2007) Firms 2007) Retained 38 10 26% 28 74% 45%

# of New Firms 12

% of 2007 Firms (New)

0

0.25

0.5

1 Miles

St. Bernard Parish Transportation Cluster

2007 # of Firms 55% 22

Rate of % Return Change (2004(20042007) 2007) 58% -42%

Dela cr

oix Hwy

rr Pe

Dr in

Planning Districts
NAME
Arabi - Chalmette
y nc Na Dr
n xL rau

be Lum

ryard

Rd

River Rd

Lower St. Bernard
Dr

Me

Meraux Outside the levee Parish Road Violet - Poydras
* See RPC Appendix for Transportation Cluster Categories

eA ve Le cc

Dr a err Oak Gu

s es Rd

r zD ere eP udg EJ t y St th S 6th St 4 ard Hw 3rd t Bern ES
Goodwill St

Riverbend Dr

La Hwy 46

t Dr Guillo s Rd Acces

Ver re t

St

Hop eda le H

wy

Prepared by the Regional Planning Commission May 2008

Area St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard St. Bernard

Cluster Transportation Tourism Services Arts & Entertainment Farm & Agriculture Government Information Services Life Sciences Manufacturing Mining Petrochemical Environmental Technology Oil & Gas Nonclassified Establishments TOTAL

2004 # of Firms 38 4 1241 51 13 51 47 116 58 1 5 0 6 2 1577

# of Retained Firms (20042007) 10 2 171 4 1 23 9 4 9 0 3 0 1 0

% of 2004 Firms Retained 26% 50% 14% 8% 8% 45% 19% 3% 16% 0% 60% 0% 17% 0%

# of Lost % of % of 2004 Firms 2007 Firms (2004Firms Lost 2007) Retained 28 2 1070 47 12 28 38 112 49 1 2 0 5 2 74% 50% 86% 92% 92% 55% 81% 97% 84% 100% 40% 0% 83% 100% 45% 67% 48% 33% 33% 77% 64% 33% 50% 0% 60% 25% 0%

# of New Firms 12 1 186 8 2 7 5 8 9 0 2 0 3 2

% of 2007 Firms 2007 # (New) of Firms 55% 22 33% 3 52% 357 67% 12 67% 3 23% 30 36% 14 67% 12 50% 18 0% 0 40% 5 0% 0 0% 4 100% 2 454

Rate of Return % Change (2004(20042007) 2007) 58% -42% 75% -25% 29% -71% 24% -76% 23% -77% 59% 41% 30% -60% 10% -90% 31% -69% 0% -100% 100% 0% 0% 0% 67% -33% 0% 0%

St. Bernard Parish Land Use and Transportation Plan  Pedestrian and Bicycle Policy Recommendations  Over the last 15 years, a renewed interest in pedestrian and bicycle needs has taken hold in  transportation planning as communities seek to create an environment that meets the transportation  needs of all users.  This renewed focus has been demonstrated in the last three federal transportation  bills: the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA), the 1998 Transportation  Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA‐21), and the 2005 Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient  Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA‐LU); the 1998 Louisiana Statewide Bicycle and  Pedestrian Master Plan; and the Regional Planning Commission’s 2005 New Orleans Metropolitan  Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan.  Communities around the country have used the federal legislation and  their equivalent state and regional plans as a foundation for developing policies, plans and design  guidelines with the goal of becoming more “walkable” and “bikeable.”  In the wake of Hurricane Katrina, St. Bernard Parish faces the challenge of rebuilding, but also has an  opportunity to embrace progressive non‐motorized concepts that will produce a better community for  the people of the Parish.  Creating a safe and efficient transportation system for all users will  reinvigorate communities, create economic development opportunities, stimulate sustainable  development, and improve the quality of life.  US Department of Transportation Policy  The first step to improved pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure is to adopt a strong policy regarding  transportation projects.  “Design Guidance Accommodating Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel,” a United  States Department of Transportation (USDOT) document published in 2000, established a clear policy  statement with the intent that all public agencies would adopt the policy to integrate walking and  bicycling into their transportation systems.  This policy states “bicycling and walking facilities will be incorporated into all transportation projects  unless exceptional circumstances exist.”  The allowed exceptions are situations where bicyclists and  pedestrians are prohibited, when cost of accommodation exceeds 20% of the project costs or where  factors indicate an absence of need.  Adopting and implementing this federal policy guideline will allow St. Bernard to begin a transformation  of its public right of ways through the routine incorporation of pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure into  all projects.  Complete Streets  Building on the above policy is the Complete Streets concept, which are streets designed and operated  to enable safe access for all users: drivers, transit riders, pedestrians, and bicyclists of all ages and  abilities.  When planning transportation projects, the entire right of way should be designed in a manner  that is appropriate to local context and needs and allows all users to move along and across the street. 

A strong complete streets policy sets numerous goals and outcomes, but maintains flexibility that will  allow context sensitive solutions for all roads.  An effective policy addresses the following:  • • • • • • • • Specifies all users as including drivers, transit users, pedestrians and bicyclists of all ages and  abilities  Creates a comprehensive and connected network within the community and to neighboring  communities  Acknowledges need for flexibility to meet the needs of different streets and users  Applies to new construction and reconstruction and covers the entire process; planning, design,  maintenance and operations  Establishes specific exceptions and procedures for allowing exceptions  Establishes performance measurable benchmarks  Requires the use of best practice design standards  Requires context sensitive design and implementation 

  National research has identified numerous benefits to communities from the implementation of  complete streets.  The Federal Highway Administration (FWHA) found that complete street design  elements can reduce pedestrian risk by 28%.  Complete streets also serve to improve public health and  can serve as a means to combat childhood obesity.  A recent study found that 43% of people with safe  places to walk within 10 minutes of their home meet recommended daily activity levels, as compared to  only 27% of people when safe locations were not nearby. 

 

 

A 5‐lane arterial road in a commercial area and a proposed complete streets design of the right of way  Prioritization  In addition to the incorporation of pedestrian and bicycle features into all future projects, a  prioritization strategy can be developed to guide pedestrian and bicycle specific projects to address  existing deficiencies.  This prioritization can be developed by dividing the community into smaller  segments with overlapping priority zones.  These zones are defined as a set radius around public  amenities and commercial areas.  The areas where these priority zones overlap will then guide the  prioritization of limited resources to maximize benefit. 

Example of overlapping priority zones to determine prioritization of funding  Develop Design Guidelines and Specifications  Once the broad policy initiatives and goals are established, the task shifts to creating plans, guidelines  and specifications in order to construct safe, consistent and high quality facilities that meet the  established best practices.  These documents can and should be created in partnership with other  agencies such as the Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development and the Regional  Planning Commission.  This will allow St. Bernard to build on the work already being done within these  partner agencies and promote consistent policies and standards throughout the region.  Working with  DOTD is particularly important in St. Bernard, as many of the Parish’s main arterials are state highways.  The establishment of clear guidelines and standards will prevent oversights in projects that may result in  a harmful effect on the pedestrian and bicycle environment.  Such guidelines can address a wide range  of topics including: the placement of rumble strips on highways; crosswalk treatments; lane widths and  reallocation of lane space to various users ; and the required number and placement of bicycle racks to  name a few.  This process can also develop documents that serve as outreach and education to the  general public on pedestrian and bicycle issues.  For example, New Orleans and Chicago are just two of  the cities that have developed materials that discuss the different types of bicycle facilities: bike lanes,  shared lanes, unmarked routes and shared use trails.  The process to develop these plans and guidelines 

should involve the input and participation of the Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee, as  discussed in the next section. 

  Improperly placed rumble strip prevent bicyclists  from using the shoulder  Advisory Committee 

  Placing the rumble strip under the fog line allows  bicyclists to use shoulder 

The establishment of a Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee (BPAC) provides a forum for citizens  to review and make recommendations on all projects and policies in regards to their impact on the  walking and bicycling environment of the community.  The committee would be comprised of citizen  members, reviewed by Parish staff and confirmed by Parish leaders.  The Committee would review and  comment on all projects within the parish that effect pedestrians and bicyclists; review and comment on  plans, guidelines, manuals and programs that effect pedestrians and bicyclists; and serve as a watchdog  off any dedicated pedestrian and bicycle funding.  In addition to establishing a Committee for the Parish, St. Bernard should also be represented on the  Regional Planning Commission’s Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee which will be organized  within the next year.  The existence of both the St. Bernard BPAC and RPC BPAC will allow coordination  and input on projects sponsored by all levels of government.  Benchmarking  The implementation of these policies is based on the goals of increasing safety for pedestrians and  bicyclists and to encourage growth in the number of pedestrians and bicyclists by offering more  transportation choices.  Benchmark goals must be set and progress tracked to determine if the policies  and projects are achieving the goals.  These benchmarks should at the least include goals for crash  reductions and for increases in mode share.  The crash reduction benchmark can be set at a 10%  reduction in crashes and fatalities over three years, which is in line with the goals set in the RPC’s  Metropolitan Master Plan.  In 2007, there were 15 reported crashes involving pedestrians and bicyclists  resulting in one fatality and 15 injuries.  A more complete review of crash data back to 1999 is available  and should be analyzed along with population estimates post‐Katrina to determine the appropriate  baseline number of crashes and fatalities. 

The mode share refers to the percentage of total commuters that use a particular form of transportation  as their primary means of commuting.  Mode share benchmarks should seek increases in the transit,  pedestrian and bicycling modes which would result in a corresponding decrease in the motor vehicle  mode share.  This shift would result in reductions in congestion, travel time, and pollution for all users.   The table reflects mode share for St. Bernard Parish according to Census 2000 data for the Parish’s  28,739 commuters. 

Mode of Commute Vehicle ‐ Drive Alone Vehicle ‐ Carpool Public Transportation Walk Bicycle Work at Home

Number Percent 22,627 78.73% 4,638 16.14% 237 0.82% 396 1.38% 458 1.59% 383 1.33%  

A reasonable goal is to double the percentages of transit, bicycle and walking commuter in three years.   As with the crash data, additional analysis and review is necessary to determine appropriate baseline  data post‐Katrina.  An additional benchmarking exercise that reviews progress on the non‐engineering issues of education,  enforcement, encouragement and evaluation is the League of American Bicyclist’s Bicycle Friendly  Community Program.  The Parish can submit an annual application to the program which will review the  bicycling environment of the parish and determine if St. Bernard meets the requirement of one of the  four levels of bicycle friendly communities.  The application serves many purposes in that it helps the  Parish take stock of it bicycling environment, provides feedback from the League to help guide future  action and provides positive media attention when a designation as a bicycle friendly community is  awarded to the community.  Preliminary Route Planning  In anticipation in a significant increase in non‐motorized funding in the next federal transportation  legislation the Regional Planning Commission, University of New Orleans, Louisiana Public Health  Institute and the City of New Orleans prepared a proposal for a regional network of bicycle routes.  The  proposal was prepared for inclusion in the Rails‐to‐Trails Conservancy’s 2010 Campaign, which is seeking  to expand the federal Non‐motorized Transportation Program from four to forty cities in the next  federal transportation bill.  The proposal included nearly 34 miles of bike routes in St. Bernard Parish at an estimated cost of $1.25  million.  These routes consist of a combination of bike lanes and shared lanes on major roads from Arabi  to Caernarvon.  A table of the included routes can be found at the end of this chapter.  This proposal can  serve as a framework for a future comprehensive parishwide bicycle route network accessible to all  citizens of St. Bernard Parish.  Additionally, this proposal provides connectivity with neighboring  communities in New Orleans and Plaquemines Parish via road and ferry.  The actual treatments  implemented on designated bike routes will take shape in a variety of facility types depending on the 

characteristics of a given road.  These different facilities include bike lanes, shared lanes, bicycle  boulevards, wide shoulders, and shared use‐trails. 

  Map of proposed bicycle routes, New Orleans Metro Non‐motorized Transportation Case Statement  Conceptual Examples of Bicycle Facilities  There are a variety of bicycle facilities that should be considered when building or upgrading a road to  improve the bicycling environment.  The type of facility to choose is based on a variety of factors such as  motor vehicle traffic volume and speed, roadway and lane widths, and surrounding land use. 

  • • • •   5’ to 6’ wide lane on each side of the street for the exclusive use of bicycles  Used on streets with high traffic volumes  Utilizes pavement markings (bike and arrow) and signage to identify the bike lanes  Local example: St. Claude Ave (Elysian Fields to St. Bernard Parish) in New Orleans 

  • • • •   Motor vehicles and bicycles share the lane  Used on streets with high traffic volumes but with inadequate width for bike lanes  Utilizes pavement markings (bike and chevron) and signage to identify shared lanes  Local example: Robert E. Lee Blvd (West End to Wisner) in New Orleans 

  • • • • •   Motor vehicles and bicycles share the lane  Used on streets with low traffic volumes  Traffic calming measures such as traffic circles, curb extensions, and diverters can be used to  create bicycle boulevards  Pavement markings are usually unnecessary, but signage is used to identify the route  Local example: Orpheum Ave (Palmetto to Hyacinth) in Jefferson Parish 

  • • • Paved path separated from the road  For the use of pedestrians, bicyclists and in‐line skaters  User groups should have some separation so that slower moving users (walkers and runners)  and faster users (in‐line skaters and bicyclists) to not conflict  Local example: Mississippi River Levee Path (Destrehan to Audubon Park) 

•   Above images taken from the City of Chicago   

Summary  As the people of St. Bernard rebuild their community, creating a transportation system that meets the  needs of all citizens is crucial to the future prosperity of the Parish.  Establishing forward thinking  policies and embracing the national best practices in pedestrian and bicycle planning and design will  initiate a reinvention of the public right of way’s role in the character of the community and the lives of  it citizens.  The incorporation of pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure into the transportation network  will offer transportation options, improve safety, promote public health, stimulate redevelopment of  neighborhoods and commercial areas and help set St. Bernard on a course towards sustainable  development.

Facility Price per Mile

St. Bernard Parish Proposed Bicycle Routes
Non‐Motorized Transportation Case Statement
Estimated  Length 0.60 1.30 0.60 0.80 0.80 0.85 0.30 0.50 1.55 1.40 0.75 1.20 0.70 1.15 1.45 3.30 0.55 0.60 0.55 0.75 0.25 0.65 0.45 0.75 0.50 1.50 1.40 0.75 1.15 0.55 1.05 1.30 2.60 1.20 33.80 Shared Lane  Cost $12,000.00 $26,000.00 $12,000.00 $16,000.00 $16,000.00 $17,000.00 $6,000.00 $10,000.00 $31,000.00 $28,000.00 $15,000.00 $24,000.00 $14,000.00 $23,000.00 $29,000.00 $66,000.00 $11,000.00 $12,000.00 $11,000.00 $15,000.00 $5,000.00 $13,000.00 $9,000.00 $15,000.00 $10,000.00 $30,000.00 $28,000.00 $15,000.00 $23,000.00 $11,000.00 $21,000.00 $26,000.00 $52,000.00 Exclusive Lane  Cost $21,000.00 $45,500.00 $21,000.00 $28,000.00 $28,000.00 $29,750.00 $10,500.00 $17,500.00 $54,250.00 $49,000.00 $26,250.00 $42,000.00 $24,500.00 $40,250.00 $50,750.00 $115,500.00 $19,250.00 $21,000.00 $19,250.00 $26,250.00 $8,750.00 $22,750.00 $15,750.00 $26,250.00 $17,500.00 $52,500.00 $49,000.00 $26,250.00 $40,250.00 $19,250.00 $36,750.00 $45,500.00 $91,000.00 Preferred  Treatment Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Shared Shared Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Shared Shared Shared Exclusive Exclusive Shared Exclusive Exclusive Shared Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Exclusive Shoulder Route Street Archbishop Hannan Bayou Rd Colonial Genie Genie Jean Lafitte Jean Lafitte Jean Lafitte Judge Perez Judge Perez Judge Perez Judge Perez Judge Perez Judge Perez Judge Perez Judge Perez Legend Munster Palmisano Palmisano Palmisano Paris Rd Paris Rd Paris Rd Patricia St. Bernard Hwy St. Bernard Hwy St. Bernard Hwy St. Bernard Hwy St. Bernard Hwy St. Bernard Hwy St. Bernard Hwy St. Bernard Hwy St. Bernard Pkwy Segment 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 Terminus 1 St. Bernard Hwy St. Bernard Pkwy St. Bernard Hwy De la Ronde Paris Rd St. Bernard Hwy Judge Perez Patricia Orleans Parish Jean Lafitte Paris Rd Palmisano Munster Archbishop Hannan Legend Colonial St. Bernard Hwy St. Bernard Hwy St. Bernard Hwy Judge Perez Genie Chalmette Ferry St. Bernard Hwy Judge Perez Jean Lafitte Orleans Parish Jean Lafitte Paris Rd Palmisano Munster Archbishop Hannan Legend Colonial Plaquemines Parish Terminus 2 Judge Perez Judge Perez Judge Perez Paris Rd Palmisano Judge Perez Patricia Hermitage Jean Lafitte Paris Rd Palmisano Munster Archbishop Hannan Legend Colonial Bayou Rd Judge Perez Judge Perez Judge Perez Genie Magistrate St. Bernard Hwy Judge Perez Genie De la Ronde Jean Lafitte Paris Rd Palmisano Munster Archbishop Hannan Legend Colonial St. Bernard Pkwy St. Bernard Hwy Preferred Cost $21,000.00 $45,500.00 $21,000.00 $16,000.00 $16,000.00 $29,750.00 $10,500.00 $17,500.00 $54,250.00 $49,000.00 $26,250.00 $42,000.00 $24,500.00 $40,250.00 $50,750.00 $115,500.00 $11,000.00 $12,000.00 $11,000.00 $26,250.00 $8,750.00 $13,000.00 $15,750.00 $26,250.00 $10,000.00 $52,500.00 $49,000.00 $26,250.00 $40,250.00 $19,250.00 $36,750.00 $45,500.00 $91,000.00 $174,000.00 $1,248,250.00

Shared Lane Exclusive Lane Wide Shoulder Bike Boulevard Shared‐Use Trail Levee Top Trail Proposed Funding  Plan Source(s)

$20,000.00 $35,000.00 $145,000.00 $200,000.00 $2,000,000.00 $1,000,000.00 Notes

Connection to N. Claiborne (NO)

Connection to St. Claude (NO)

Connection to LA 39 (PP)
 

$652,000.00

$1,141,000.00

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Figure No. F1

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Redevelopment Strategy Recommendation - Turn Road Home properties adjacent to canals into flood retention/recreation network

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Legend
Canals Properties adjacent to Canals Land Use

Citation

July 2008

Produced by: Burk-Kleinpeter, Inc in association with N-Y Associates and Fernandez Plans, LLC for the Regional Planning Commission of Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes

Data Source (s):
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Regional Planning Commission, Color Infrared Orthophotography of Louisiana, USGS (2004). Actual Photography acquired in Feruary, 2004. Data projected to UTM 15 NAD 83, unit of measure = meter. Pixel size is approximately 1 meter. Images enhanced by the Regional Planning Commission. Originator of mosaic: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service Publication_Date: 20050902. Title: Orthophoto Mosaic for New Orleans Area, Louisiana

Imagery:

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