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EXAMINATION, 2013 14
SUBJECT: PHYSICS
TIME : 3 hrs CLASS : XII M.M.-70

GeneralInstructions:
i Allquestionsarecompulsory.
ii Thereisnooverallchoice.However,aninternalchoicehasbeenprovidedinonequestionoftwomarks,one
questionofthreemarksandallthreequestionsoffivemarks.Youhavetoattemptonlyoneofthechoicesinsuch
questions.

iii Questionnumbers1to8areveryshortanswertypequestions,carryingonemarkeach.
iv Questionnumbers9to19areshortanswertypequestions,carryingtwomarkseach.
v Questionnumbers20to26arealsoshortanswertypequestions,carryingthreemarkseach.

vi Questionnumber27isavaluebasedtypequestions,carryingfourmarks.
vi Questionsnumbers28to30arelonganswertypequestions,carryingfivemarkseach.
vii Useofcalculatorsisnotpermitted.However,youmayuselogtables,ifnecessary.
viii Youmayusethefollowingvaluesofphysicalconstantswherevernecessary:

3 108 , 6.6 1034 , 1.6 1019 , 0 4 107

0 8.854 1012 2 1 2 9 109 2 2


0

1.TheelectricfieldEduetoapointchargeatanypointnearitisdefinedas lim where q is the


testchargeandFistheforceactingonit.Whatisthephysicalsignificanceoflim inthisexpression? 1

2.Arethepathsofelectronsstraightlinesbetweensuccessivecollisions withthepositiveionsofthemetal
inthe i absenceofelectricfield, ii presenceofelectricfield? 1

3. ThevariationofpotentialdifferenceVwithlength inthecaseoftwopotentiometerXandYisshownin
figure.Whichoneofthistwowillyoupreferforcomparingemfoftwocellsandwhy? 1

V X

4.Awireofresistance8Risbentintheformofacircle.Whatisthe
effectiveresistancebetweentheendsofadiameterAB? 1

5.Twowiresofequallengthsarebentintheformoftwoloops.Oneoftheloopsissquare shaped whereas


theotherloopis circular.Thesearesuspendedinauniformmagneticfield andthe samecurrent ispassed
throughthem.Whichloopwillexperiencegreatertorque?Givereasons. 1

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6.Alam Downloaded
mpisconnecctedinserie
eswithacapfrom edictwww.studiestoday.com
pacitor.Pre yourob
bservationssfordcandacconnectiions.What
happenssineachcasseifthecap
pacitanceof
f thecapacittorisreduceed? 1

7.Awheelwith10metallicspokeseach0
0.5mlongissrotatedwiithaspeedo
of120rev/mininaplaanenormal
totheho
orizontalco dHEataplace.IfHE 0
omponentofearthsmaagneticfield 0.4Gatthep
place,whattisthe
demfbetweentheaxleandtherim
induced mofthewheeel?Notethaat1G 104T. 1

8.Which
hpartofeleectromagnetticspectrum
mhaslargesstpenetratingpower? 1


9.ShowthatElectrricfieldatth
hesurfaceo
ofchargedconductorissgivenas E = 2
o
10.Answ
werthefollo
owingquestions:

ubberisaniinsulator.Butspecialrubbertyressofaircraftaremadesllightlycond
a Ordinaryru ducting.Why
y
isthisneceessary?

b Acombrun nesdryhairattractssm
nthroughon mallbitsofpaper.Whyy?Whathap
ppensifthehairiswet
orifitisarrainyday? 2

11.Fourrchargesarrearrangedatthecornersofasqu ofsided,asshowninFiig.
uareABCDo
a Fiindtheworrkrequiredtoputtogettherthisarrrangement.

Achargeq0isbroughtto
b A othecentreeEof
hesquare,tthefourchaargesbeingheldfixedaatits
th
ccorners.How
wmuchexttrawork
iisneededto
odothis? 2

OR
a Determineth
heelectrostaaticpotentialenergyoffasystemcconsistingoftwocharges7Cand
d2C and
d
withnoexternalfieeld placedaat 9cm,0
0,0 and 9cm,0,0 respectively.

b Su
upposethattthesamessystemofch nanexternaalelectricfieeldE A 1
hargesisnowplacedin 1/r2 ;A 9
9
105Cm2.Whatw
wouldtheelectrostaticcenergyofttheconfigurrationbe? 2

12.Find
dexpression
nofinternallresistanceofacellusiingpotentio
ometer. 2

13.Forthepotentiiometercirccuitshowniinthegiven
nfigure,poin
ntsXandYrepresentthe two terminals
t o
of
anunkn
nowne.m.f E'.Astuden
ntobserved
dthatwhen
nthejockey
yinmovedffromtheen
ndAtothe endBofth
he
potentio
ometerwiree,thedeflecctioninthe galvanomeeterremain
nsinthesam
medirection
n.Whatmay
ybethetw
wo
hecircuitthatcouldressultinthiso
possibleefaultsinth observation?Ifthegalvvanometerd
deflectionattthe end
d
Bis i m
more, ii less,thanthaatattheend
dA,whichofthetwofaults,listedaabove, would
w be th
here in th
he
circuit?Givereason
nsinsuppo
ortofyouraanswerineaachcase. 2

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14. a C
Calculatetheresistanceeperunitleengthofa22
2gaugeNicchromewiree,whichhassaradiusoff0.321mm..

b Ifapotentiaaldifferenceeof10Vismaintained
dacrossa1.0mlengthoftheNichrromewire,whatisthe
currentintthewire? 2

15.Defin
netheterm
ms'MagneticcDip'and'M
MagneticDeeclination'w
withthehelp
pofrelevan
ntdiagrams.. 2

16.Two
oidenticallookingiron
nbarsAand
dBaregiven
n,oneofwh
hichisdefinitelyknown
nto be d.
magnetised
Wedonotknoww
whichone. Howwould
doneascertaainwhetherror notb
botharemaagnetised?IIfonlyoneiis
magnetiised,howdo
oesoneascertainwhichone? Useenothingelssebuttheb
barsAandB
B. 1 1 2

17.Inth
hefiguregivenbelow, abarmagn
netmoving towardstheerightorleeftinducesaane.m.f.in thecoils 1
and 2 .Findgiving
. hedirectionsoftheinducedcurren
greason,th ntsthrough
htheresisto
orsABandC
CDwhenth
he
magnetismoving a towardsthe right,aand b tow
wardsthelefft. 2

18.Arraangethefolllowingelecctromagnetiicradiationssinascendiingorderofftheirfrequ
uencies:
2
i Microwave
ii R
Radiowave
iii X
Xrays
iv G
Gammarayss
Writetwousessofanyoneofthese.

19.Ligh
htwithanenergyfluxo
of18W/cm2fallsonan
nonreflectiingsurfaceaatnormalin
ncidence.Ifthesurfacee
m2,findtheaverageforrceexertedonthesurfaaceduringaa30minuteetimespan.
hasanaareaof20cm 2

20.Find
dcapacitancceofaparallelplatecap
pacitorisad
dielectricsllabofthickn
nesst isplacced betweeen platees
andthiccknessislesssthansepaarationbetw
weenplates..Whathapp
penif acon dinbetween
nductingslaabisplaced

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21.Whatismeantby'driftvelocityoffreeelectrons'?DeriveOhm'slawonthebasisofthetheoryofelectron
drift.

OR

WhatisWheatstonebridge?DeducetheconditionforwhichWheatstonebridgeisbalanced. 3
22. Abatteryhasanemfof12.0Vandaninternalresistanceof0.05.Itsterminalsareconnectedtoaload
resistanceof3.00.

a Findthecurrentinthecircuitandtheterminalvoltageofthebattery.

b Calculatethepowerdeliveredtotheloadresistor,thepowerdeliveredtotheinternalresistanceof
thebattery,andthepowerdeliveredbythebattery. 3

23.Differentiatediamagnetic,paramagneticandferromagneticmaterialaccordingly:
Curielaw,suspensionofmaterialinmagneticfield,susceptibility1 1 1 3

24. Two small identical circular loops, marked 1 and 2 , carrying equal currents, are placed with the
geometricalaxesperpendicularofeachotherasshowninthefigure.Findthemagnitudeanddirectionofthe
netmagneticfieldproducedatthepointO.
(1)

O
i
90o
x

(2) 3

i
25.Explain,withthehelpofdiagram,theprincipleandworkingofana.c.Generator. Write the expression
forthee.m.f.generatedinthecoilintermsofitsspeedofrotation. 3

26.Answerthefollowingquestions:

a Longdistanceradiobroadcastsuseshortwavebands.Why?

b ItisnecessarytousesatellitesforlongdistanceTVtransmission.Why?

c OpticalandradiotelescopesarebuiltonthegroundbutXrayastronomyispossibleonlyfrom
satellitesorbitingtheearth.Why?

d Thesmallozonelayerontopofthestratosphereiscrucialforhumansurvival.Why?

e Iftheearthdidnothaveanatmosphere,woulditsaveragesurfacetemperaturebehigherorlower
thanwhatitisnow?
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f Somescientistshavepredictedthataglobalnuclearwarontheearthwouldbefollowedbya
severenuclearwinterwithadevastatingeffectonlifeonearth.Whatmightbethebasisofthis
prediction?

27.Rajesh,aretiredPhysicsTeacherwasworkinginhisfieldwithhisgrandson.Therewasabighightension
towercarryingthickwiresintheirfield.Grandsonwantedto know as to why cant the tower be removed
fromtheirfield,sothattheymaygetmorespaceforcrops.RajeshexplainedhimthenecessityofHTtower,
andsaiditisveryhighvoltageACtransmissionlineandisalifelineoftheirtown.

a WhatvaluesaredisplayedbyRajesh?

b WhyLongdistanceACtransmissionisdoneatveryhighvoltage.

c Whatistheprincipleoftransformer?

d Whataretheenergylossesintransformer? 4

28. i Findexpressionforelectricpotentialatanypointduetoelectricdipole.Andthenfinditsexpression
for a axial b equatorial. 3

ii Describeschematicallytheequipotentialsurfacescorrespondingto

a aconstantelectricfieldinthezdirection,

b afieldthatuniformlyincreasesinmagnitudebutremainsinaconstant say,z direction 2

OR

i Asphericalshellofradiusrhavingchargequniformlydistributedinitssurface.FindelectricfieldEdue
tothischargedistributionatanypoint a outsideshell b ontheshell c insidetheshell 3

ii AsphericalGaussiansurfacesurroundsapointchargeq.Describewhathappenstothetotalflux
throughthesurfaceif a thechargeistripled, b theradiusofthesphereisdoubled, c thesurfaceis
changedtoacube,and d thechargeismovedtoanotherlocationinsidethesurface. 2

29. a AcircularwireofradiusRwithcurrentIwhichisuniformlydistributedinitsareaofcrosssectionA.
Calculate magnetic field at any point in the region i outside ii on the wire iii inside wire. Also draw
necessarypositionmagneticfieldvariation. 3

b Asolenoidoflength0.5mhasaradiusof1cmandismadeupof500turns.Itcarriesacurrentof5A.
Whatisthemagnitudeofthemagneticfieldinsidethesolenoid?Howwillyoushowthatabovesolenoid
followtheconditionofsolenoid? 1 2
OR

a Withthehelpofaneatandlabelleddiagram,explaintheunderlyingprincipleandworkingofa
movingcoilgalvanometer. 3

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i uniformradialfield

ii softironcoreinsuchadevice? 2

30.ThegivencircuitdiagramshowsaseriesLCRcircuitconnectedtoavariablefrequency230Vsource: 5

a Determinethesourcefrequencywhichdrivesthecircuitinresonance.

b Obtaintheimpedanceofthecircuitandtheamplitudeofcurrentattheresonatingfrequency.

c Determinethermspotentialdropsacrossthethreeelementsofthecircuit.

d Howdoyouexplaintheobservationthatthealgebraicsumofthevoltagesacrossthethree
elementsobtainedin c isgreaterthanthesuppliedvoltage?

OR

a Theprimarycoilofanidealstepuptransformerhas100turnsandthe
transformationratioisalso100.Theinputvoltageandthepowerare220Vand1100W
respectively. 1 1 2

Calculate: i thecurrentintheprimary

ii powerinthesecondary

b Explaintheterm'capacitivereactance'.Showgraphicallythevariationofcapacitivereactancewith
frequencyoftheappliedalternatingvoltage.
Ana.c.voltageE E0sintisappliedacrossapurecapacitorofcapacitanceC.Show
mathematicallythatthecurrentflowingthroughitleadstheappliedvoltagebyaphase
angleof/2. 3

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