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SentenceIIIhandout1

JOHNSONCOUNTYCOMMUNITYCOLLEGE

THESENTENCEPARTIII
SentenceTypesAccordingtoContext
InthefirstpartofTheSentence,thestudentlearnedthesixbasicsentencepatterns.Inthesecond
partofTheSentence,thestudentlearnedthefourtypesofsentencestructure.Inthethirdpart,
thestudentwilllearnaboutthefourtypesofsentencesaccordingtocontextorpurpose.

1.Thedeclarativesentencemakesastatement.Itshouldbepunctuatedwithaperiod(.).

Curiosityisthebeginningofknowledge.

ThethirdessayisdueFriday.

2.Theinterrogativesentenceasksaquestion.Itshouldbepunctuatedwithaquestionmark(?).

Didyouknowcuriosityisthebeginningofknowledge?

Whenisthethirdessaydue?

3.Theimperativesentencegivesacommandormakesarequest.Itshouldbepunctuatedwitha
period(.)unlessthewriterintendstoshowstrengthorstrongemotion.Thenthesentencewould
bepunctuatedwithanexclamationpoint(!).

Remember,curiosityisthebeginningofknowledge.

Theessaymustbefinishedtonight!

Watchoutforthatfallingbrick!

NOTE:Manyimperativesentenceswillhavethesubjectyouunderstood.

4.Theexclamatorysentenceshowsexcitementorexpressesstrongfeeling.Itshouldbe
punctuatedwithanexclamationpoint(!).

Whataterrificessayyouwrote!

Howbeautifulyoulooktonight!

NOTE:Donotoverusetheexclamatorysentenceoritwillloseitssignificance.
Besuretosavetheexclamationpointsforsentenceswhichreallydoshowstrong
emotion.

SentenceIIIhandout2

PracticeExerciseA
Belowaretenfamousquotations.Punctuatethesentencesanddeterminethekindofsentences
theyare.
Example:1.WalksoftlyandcarryabigstickTheodoreRooseveltimperative(.)
1.Ihavenothingtoofferbutblood,toil,tears,andsweatSirWinstonChurchill
2.ThegreathopeofsocietyisindividualcharacterW.E.Channing
3.O,thatthistootoosolidfleshwouldmelt,

Thaw,andresolveitselfintoadewWilliamShakespeare

4.Youcan'tbuildareputationonwhatyouaregoingtodoHenryFord
5.WhathappinessistherewhichisnotpurchasedwithmoreorlessofpainMargaretOliphant
6.What'sinanameWilliamShakespeare

7.Everymanhasarighttohisopinion,butnomanhasarighttobewronginhisfactsBernard
Baruch
8.Cananythingbesoelegantastohavefewwantsandtoservethemone'sselfRalphWaldo
Emerson
9.Ifyoudonotthinkaboutthefuture,youcannothaveoneJohnGalsworthy
10.AnexpertisonewhoknowsmoreandmoreaboutlessandlessNicholasMurrayButler

PracticeExerciseB

Punctuatethefollowingsentencesanddeterminewhatkindofsentencestheyare.
1.Myfavoriterideatthefairgoesveryfast
2.Howmanytimesdoesthemoongoaroundtheearthinamonth
3.Studyyourspellingeachnight
4.Despiteitshugebody,therhinoceroshasaverysmallbrain
5.Canyougiveadefinitionforpandemonium
6.Howexcitingthetrapezeactwas
7.Takeyourdictionarywithyou
8.Catsanddogsdonotlearnbyimitationbutbyparticipation
9.Whatanimalshibernateinthewinter
10.Whatstrangeshapestheicetakes