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IAETSD JOURNAL FOR ADVANCED RESEARCH IN APPLIED SCIENCES ISSN NO: 2394-8442

LITERATURE SURVEY ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATION


NETWORK

SHITAL. S. PAWAR
Department of electronics and telecommunication
NBN Navale sinhgad collage of engineering,solapur
4shitalpawar1995@gmail.com

Abstract abstract of this paper is to know about WSN which is a network contains large number of tiny, low
energy sensors which sense data and send to ADC the processing is done at controller and send to the user. This is
very useful for unreachable areas like sea water and gas mines.

Keywords Architecture, characteristics of network, advantages, disadvantages, sensor network


Applications.

I. INTRODUCTION
Need of WSN:

Governments point of view: many applications that can impact society.


Business point of view: fast growing market, many opportunities in emerging economies.
Networking point of view: sensors are the new members of the Internet.
Researchers point of view: its a new technology, with a lot of research still to be done.

The origin of WSNs can be seen in military and heavy industrial applications, far removed from the light industrial
and consumer WSN applications that are prevalent today. The first wireless network that bore any real
resemblance to a modern WSN is the Sound Surveillance System (SOSUS), developed by the United States
Military in the 1950s to detect and track Soviet submarines. This network used submerged acoustic sensors
hydrophones Distributed in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. This sensing technology is still in service today, albeit
serving more peaceful functions of monitoring undersea wildlife and volcanic activity. A Wireless Sensor Network
is made of small sensor nodes communicating amongst themselves using radio signals, and deployed in quality to
sense, monitor and understand the physical world.

Wireless network Sensor nodes are called motes. Wireless sensor network (WSN) is built up of a group of several
hundred or thousand of sensor nodes, where each node is connected to one sensor node. Radio transceiver with an
internal antenna or connection of an external antenna, a microcontroller, an electronic circuit for interfacing with
sensors and a energy source are some typical parts of a single sensor network node. Each sensor network node can
be composed of various sensors that are used to collect data is transferred to the user through network and also
control some physical processes. WSN uses a star topology with an advanced multi hop wireless mesh topology
network. WSN consist of basic 3 components i.e., sensor nodes, user and interconnected backbone.

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IAETSD JOURNAL FOR ADVANCED RESEARCH IN APPLIED SCIENCES ISSN NO: 2394-8442

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF WSN:

Requirements:
Scalability- WSN must be capable of being easily expanded or upgraded on demand.
Reliability- WSN must be worth trusting and it should provide what is needed for the user.
Responsiveness- WSN should quickly react in the desired or positive way.
Mobility- WSN must be able to move from one place to another.
Power efficiency- WSN must be power efficient.

Advantages:
1. It avoid penalty of writing.
2. It is flexible to undergo physical portions.
3. It can be accessed by centralised monitor.
4. Suitable for unreachable places.

Disadvantages:
1. Lower speed as compared to wired network.
2. More complicated to wired network.
3. Still costly.
4. It is easy to hacker to hack.

II. LITERATURE SURVEY

Jennifer Yick, Biswanath Mukherjee, Dipak Ghosal Wireless Sensor Network Survey. This paper was
published in 2008. This paper gives an overview of several new applications and then reviews the literature on
various aspects of WSNs. This paper classifies the problems into three different categories: 1. internal platform and
underlying operating system 2. Communication protocol stack and 3. Network services, provisioning, and
deployment. This paper reviews the major development in these three categories and outline new challenges.[37]

Kemal Akkaya, Mohamed Younis, A Survey On Routing Protocols For Wireless Sensor Networks , Ad
Hoc Networks 3, pp. 325-349 (2005). This paper surveys recent routing protocols for sensor networks and
presents a classification for the various approaches pursued. Data-centric, hierarchical and location-based are three
main classifications that are examined in this paper. Network flow and QoS modeling are also discussed.[33]

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IAETSD JOURNAL FOR ADVANCED RESEARCH IN APPLIED SCIENCES ISSN NO: 2394-8442

Fikret Sivrikaya and Bulent Yener wrote a paper about Time Synchronization in Sensor Networks: A
Survey. This paper reviews the time synchronization problem and the need for synchronization in sensor
networks, then presents in detail the basic synchronization methods explicitly designed and proposed for sensor
networks.

Gomez, J., A. T. Campbell, M. Naghshineh and C. Bisdikian wrote a paper about Conserving
Transmission Power In Wireless Ad Hoc Networks in 2001. In this paper, the detailed design of PARO and
evaluate the protocol using simulation and experimentation is presented. Through simulation that PARO is
capable of outperforming traditional broadcast-based routing protocols (e.g., MANET routing protocols) due to
its power conserving point-to-point on-demand design. Some initial experiences from an early implementation of
the protocol in an experimental wireless test bed using off-the-shelf radio technology is also discussed.[34]

III. CONCLUSION
1. WSN is very wide and important network.
2. WSN is interesting, complex and new technology.
3. Lots of research still have done.
3. WSN is today life.

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