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Seven Elements of Painting they paint.

they paint. The composition helps to draw the viewer's eyes into the picture and guides
him/her as he/she walks through the painting. A composition is often likened to an invisible
Distance - There are three distances to look for in a painting. The part of the painting closest skeleton that holds the painting together.
to the viewer is called the foreground. The middle ground is the part between the
Perspective - Through perspective artists convey 3-dimension space. Perspective makes a
foreground and the part which is farthest away is called the background. It's important to
flat picture look 3-dimensional and have depth. How an artist layers the three distances of
train yourself to look at each of these distances one after the other consecutively. In this
foreground, middle ground and background is one way he/she creates perspective. To
way, the viewer will be able to take notice of and see things that he/she might have missed
create deeper space an artist may make parallel lines come together. To give the effect of
in the initial viewing of the painting.
distance the artist may make the objects in the background smaller in size, lighter in color or
Color - Artists use colors to convey feelings and moods within their painting. They can create less detailed.
a cheerful mood by placing bright colors next to each other. They can create a calm or
Symbols - Artists often include symbolic objects in their paintings. A symbol can be defined
gentle mood by placing soft colors alongside each other. Basically colors can be divided into
as something which has a special meaning or a special message. Artists use them to express
warm (reds, oranges, yellow) and cool (blues, greens and violets) colors. It is interesting to
such ideas as life, death, hope and faith in God. A painting may have hidden meanings
notice which colors the artist uses, which ones stand out and how colors make you feel as
within it as expressed in the symbols the artist uses. For example, the sunflower in Van
you view the painting. When complementary colors (blue and orange, red and green, yellow
Gogh's paintings represents ideas of the sun, the south, and hope. In paintings by Van Dyck,
and purple) are used alongside each other, they intensify each other and look extra bright.
the sunflower symbolized the king, Charles I.
The artist also uses black to tone down colors (shades) and white to lighten them up (tints).

Light - Painters spend a lot of time studying the way light falls. They often experiment with
light in their paintings simulating natural light or using hidden spotlights to focus your The elements of painting are the basic components or building blocks of a painting (and art
attention on what they want you to notice in the painting. Light affects the color of the generally). In Western art they are generally considered to be:
subject and objects in the painting look real and solid if the artist shows the way light falls
on them. Use of light and darkness also conveys particular moods in a painting. It is 1. Color
important to look for the light sources in the painting and describe their effect on the 2. Tone (or value)
appearance of the subjects and on the overall mood it communicates. 3. Line (a narrow mark made by a brush, or a line created where two things meet)
4. Shape (2D, can be positive or negative) and Form (3D)
Line - Artists use various types of lines (diagonal, curved, vertical, and horizontal) to express 5. Space (or volume)
ideas and feelings in their paintings. Be sure to look for various lines in a painting and note 6. Texture (or pattern)
where they are and what they seem to convey.
Color - is the most basic element of a painting. Every color has three aspects to it: hue or
Shapes - An artist uses shapes to express ideas. They may be circles, triangles, rectangles, name, value or tone, and intensity.
ovals, or squares. When arranged close together they help add energy to a painting. When
placed far apart they look more serene. It is interesting to find both small and large shapes Hue Pure Color (Red, Blue..).
in a painting, counting how many you find of each and noting the similarities they may Value Amount of Black or White in color.
possess. Intensity Degree of Purity of color.

Composition - Artists seriously plan how they will arrange elements like color, line and Tone - refers to the degree of lightness or darkness of an area. Tone varies from the bright
shapes in their paintings. This is called composition. Some artists make a master plan before white of a light source through shades of gray to the deepest black shadows.
they actually begin the painting. Others plan as they go, deciding how to arrange things as
Line - Is used to control our eye, create unity and balance. Help construct meanings. Line Portrait is an image of a person or animal. Besides showing what someone looks
can be described as a moving dot. Line is perhaps the most basic element of drawing. like, a portrait often captures a mood or personality.
Still life shows objects, such as flowers, food, or musical instruments. A still life
Shape - an element of art that is a two-dimensional area that is defined in some way. A
reveals an artist's skill in painting shapes, light, and shadow.
shape may have an outline around it or you may recognize it by its area.
Real Life scene captures life in action. It could show a busy street, a beach party, a
Geometric shapes - precise shapes that can be described using mathematical dinner gathering, or any place where living goes on.
formulas. Ex. Circle, square, triangle, oval, rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, Religious work of art shares a religious message. It might portray a sacred story or
pentagon, pentagram, hexagon, and octagon. express an artist's faith
Freeform Shapes - also called organic shapes, are irregular and uneven shapes.
STYLES IN PAINTING
Their outlines may be curved, angular, or a combination of both
Hyperrealism
Form - an element of art, means objects that have three dimensions. I like to think of form
Minimalism
as a 3-D shape
Futurism Impressionism Fauvism
Space - Is the area around, above, and within an object. With consideration to drawings and Abstract Art
paintings, our goal is to create the illusion of space. Surrealism
Conceptual Art
Six (6) ways an artist can create the illusion of space on a 2-Dimensional surface.
Pop Art
Overlapping - occurs when objects that are closer to the viewer prevent the view of Photorealism
objects that are behind them.
Placement on the paper - Objects placed higher within the picture plane will appear
further away. ABSTRACT ART
Size - Objects that are smaller will appear further away from the viewer. - Refers to a style of painting that does not use figurative reality as a reference.
Detail - Objects that are further away should have less detail than objects that are - The artist alludes to his or her subject and reduces it to a simplified form.
closer to the viewer.
4 TYPES OF ABSTRACT ART
Color and Value - Objects that are further away are lighter in value, while objects
that are closer are typically darker in value. Abstract Expressionism - Abstract expressionism paintings are emotionally
Perspective - Linear perspective is a drawing method that uses lines to create the intense and spontaneously created by the artist. No. 5, 1948 Jackson Pollock,
illusion of space on a flat surface. Color Field - Color field paintings are characterized by large, solid colors on a
flat plane. The colors are the subjects themselves, and they are normally
Texture
painted on large canvas material. No. 61 (Rust and Blue), 1953 Mark Rothko
Implied suggested roughness or smoothness of objects in the composition. Lyrical Abstraction - Lyrical abstraction refers to abstract paintings that are
Real what it would feel like if you touch it. softer and more romantic in nature. Side of St. George, 1968, Paul Jenkins
Cubism - Cubism is characterized by geometric figures. Cubist painters analyze
TYPES OF PAINTING the subject and break it up into a geometric abstract form. Three Musicians,
Landscape is an outdoor scene. A landscape artist uses paint to create not only land, 1921 Pablo Picasso
water, and clouds but air, wind, and sunlight.
Surrealism - The images in these paintings are often illogical and have a dream-like quality - Princess Urduja
about them. Joan Mir, The Tilled Field, (19231924), - Maiden in a Stream
- The Rape of Manila The Bombing of the Intendencia
Conceptual Art - Is a modern art style where the artist believes that concept is more
important than artwork itself. Marcel Duchamp, No. 2 Nude Descending a Staircase, Vicente Manansala (January 22, 1910 - August 22, 1981) was a Filipino cubist painter and
191112 illustrator. Manansala's canvases were described as masterpieces that brought the cultures
of the barrio and the city together.
Pop Art - occurred as a reaction to abstract expressionism, which mid-1950s British artists
believed was art that was far-removed from daily life. Three Flags, 1958 Jasper Johns - Jeepneys
- Madonna of the Slums
Photorealism - one that looks as realistic as a photograph. This is done by taking a picture
of the subject and then painting it. Phoenix, (Oil in Canvas). Glennray Tutor 2005 Juan Luna (October 23, 1857 December 7, 1899) was a Filipino painter, sculptor and a
political activist of the Philippine Revolution during the late 19th century. He became one of
Hyperrealism - Is an advancement of the photorealism art movement. Artists use high-
the first recognized Philippine artists.
resolution cameras to take photographs and paint them on canvas. Richard Estes
"Flughafen Airport 1981 - The Spoliarium

Minimalism - Minimalism is an art movement that is, as expected, characterized by Felix R. Ressureccion (February 21, 1855 - March 13, 1913). One of the great Filipino
simplicity. Minimalist paintings strip down the subject to its very essence. Onement 1, painters of the late 19th century, and is significant in Philippine history for having been an
1948 Barnett Newman acquaintance and inspiration for members of the Philippine reform movement.

Futurism - Concerns itself with subjects like the technology, speed, violence, and the future - Las Virgenes Cristianas Expuestas Al Populacho
of the world. It concerns itself with the depiction of mans triumph over nature. David
Hernando R. Ocampo (April 28, 1911 December 28, 1978) was a Filipino National Artist in
Burliuk, Revolution 1917
the visual arts. Hernando Ruiz Ocampo was a leading radical modernist artist in the
Impressionism - It is characterized by thin brushstrokes and an emphasis on the depiction Philippines.
of light. It is often painted outdoors to capture sunlight and color of their subjects. Claude
- Mother and Child
Monet, Sunrise 1872
Pacita Abad (19462004) was born in Basco, Batanes. Her more than 30-year painting
Fauvism - Is an art movement that occurred sometime after impressionism. Fauvist
career began when she traveled to the United States to undertake graduate studies.
Paintings focus on strong color. Artists employing this style have wild brush strokes and
highly simplified subjects. The Drying Sails, Andr Derain, 1905 - Filipina: A Racial Identity Crisis
THE FILIPINO PAINTERS Cesar Legaspi (April 2, 1917) in Tondo, Manila (19171994) is a Filipino National Artist
awardee in painting.
Fernando Amorsolo (May 30, 1892 April 24, 1972) is one of the most important artists in
the history of painting in the Philippines. Amorsolo is best known for his illuminated - Man and Woman
landscapes, which often portrayed traditional Filipino customs, culture, fiestas and
occupations.

- Rice Planting
- Fruit Pickers