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Crosstabs

Notes
Output Created 12-Apr-2010 18:17:26
Comments
Input Data C:\Users\kiran\Desktop\Modifed
Data.sav
Active Dataset DataSet1
Filter <none>
Weight <none>
Split File <none>
N of Rows in Working
Data File 350
Missing Value Handling Definition of Missing User-defined missing values are
treated as missing.
Cases Used Statistics for each table are based
on all the cases with valid data in
the specified range(s) for all
variables in each table.
Syntax CROSSTABS
/TABLES=PPDesignation Division
PPEducation PPExpinVSP BY
P1ASC P1BSC P2ASC P2BSC
P3ASC P3BSC P4ASC P4BSC
P5ASC P5BSC P6ASC P6BSC
P7BSC P7ASC P8ASC P8BSC
P9ASC P9BSC P10ASC P10BSC
P11ASC P11BSC
/FORMAT=AVALUE TABLES
/STATISTICS=CHISQ CC LAMBDA
/CELLS=COUNT
/COUNT ROUND CELL
/METHOD=MC CIN(95) SAMPLES
(10000).
Resources Processor Time 00:01:06.862
Elapsed Time 00:01:06.923
Dimensions Requested 2
Cells Available 174762
Time for Exact Statistics 00:01:06.610

Page 1
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 1.149E2 a
112 .407 .402 b
.393 .412
Likelihood Ratio 119.093 112 .306 .275 b
.267 .284

a. 106 cells (77.9%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.545.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
a. 106 cells (77.9%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.545.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Fisher's Exact Test 110.556 .335 b .326 .344
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 2.386 1 .122 .122 .116 .129
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 106 cells (77.9%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.545.

Page 2
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .057 .067 .062 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 106 cells (77.9%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.545.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .082 .023 3.481
Designation Dependent .111 .030 3.520
P1A Standard score
Dependent .054 .029 1.797
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .047 .006
tau
P1A Standard score
Dependent .021 .005
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .000
Designation Dependent .000
P1A Standard score
Dependent .072
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .409 c .393 d
tau
P1A Standard score
Dependent .415 c .417 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 3
Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P1A Standard score
Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .384 .403
tau
P1A Standard score
Dependent .407 .427
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .497 .407 .402 a
.393 .412
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 95.349 a 105 .739 .766 b .758 .775
Likelihood Ratio 96.850 105 .702 .843 b
.836 .850
Fisher's Exact Test 89.053 .774 b .766 .782
Linear-by-Linear
Association 1.708 c 1 .191 .185 b .178 .193
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 106 cells (82.8%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.307.

Page 4
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .086 .098 .092 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 106 cells (82.8%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.307.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .071 .020 3.538
Designation Dependent .104 .028 3.647
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .038 .023 1.646
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .038 .007
tau
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .018 .005
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 5
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .000
Designation Dependent .000
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .100
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .770 c .792 d
tau
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .792 c .738 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P1B Standard Score
Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .784 .800
tau
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .730 .747
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .463 .739 .766 a .758 .775
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 6
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 91.660 a
126 .991 .999 b
.999 1.000
Likelihood Ratio 83.731 126 .999 .999 b .999 1.000
Fisher's Exact Test 97.218 .998 b
.997 .999
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 1.302 1 .254 .252 .244 .261
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 120 cells (78.9%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.141.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .121 .134 .128 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 120 cells (78.9%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.141.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .051 .022 2.215
Designation Dependent .070 .031 2.242
P2ASC Dependent .031 .027 1.118
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .037 .005
tau
P2ASC Dependent .014 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 7
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .027
Designation Dependent .025
P2ASC Dependent .263
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .994 c 1.000 d
tau
P2ASC Dependent .997 c
.979 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P2ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .999 1.000
tau
P2ASC Dependent .976 .982
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .456 .991 .999 a .999 1.000
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 8
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 1.165E2 a
119 .547 .571 b
.561 .581
Likelihood Ratio 108.535 119 .744 .539 b
.529 .549
Fisher's Exact Test 117.226 .579 b .569 .589
Linear-by-Linear
Association .140 c 1 .709 .712 b .703 .721
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 116 cells (80.6%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.374.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .348 .367 .358 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 116 cells (80.6%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.374.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .076 .022 3.307
Designation Dependent .094 .032 2.861
P2BSC Dependent .057 .025 2.268
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .047 .006
tau
P2BSC Dependent .020 .005
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 9
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .001
Designation Dependent .004
P2BSC Dependent .023
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .563 c .582 d
tau
P2BSC Dependent .546 c
.525 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P2BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .573 .592
tau
P2BSC Dependent .515 .534
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .500 .547 .571 a .561 .581
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 10
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 1.239E2 a
119 .361 .352 b
.343 .362
Likelihood Ratio 128.778 119 .255 .425 b
.415 .434
Fisher's Exact Test 110.737 .462 b .452 .472
Linear-by-Linear
Association 1.814 c 1 .178 .174 b .167 .182
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 134 cells (93.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.347.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .083 .094 .089 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 134 cells (93.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.347.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .089 .023 3.694
Designation Dependent .114 .033 3.323
P3ASC Dependent .064 .025 2.483
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .051 .008
tau
P3ASC Dependent .020 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 11
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .000
Designation Dependent .001
P3ASC Dependent .013
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .357 c .341 d
tau
P3ASC Dependent .458 c
.458 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P3ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .332 .350
tau
P3ASC Dependent .448 .468
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .511 .361 .352 a .343 .362
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 12
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 1.395E2 a
126 .194 .176 b
.168 .183
Likelihood Ratio 135.206 126 .272 .321 b
.312 .330
Fisher's Exact Test 123.012 .354 b .344 .363
Linear-by-Linear
Association .013 c 1 .910 .910 b .904 .916
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 135 cells (88.8%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.113.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .445 .465 .455 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 135 cells (88.8%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.113.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .087 .023 3.712
Designation Dependent .124 .033 3.575
P3BSC Dependent .050 .023 2.114
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .056 .007
tau
P3BSC Dependent .020 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 13
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .000
Designation Dependent .000
P3BSC Dependent .035
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .220 c .192 d
tau
P3BSC Dependent .481 c
.482 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P3BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .184 .200
tau
P3BSC Dependent .472 .491
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .534 .194 .176 a .168 .183
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 14
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 1.158E2 a
98 .106 .089 b
.084 .095
Likelihood Ratio 113.060 98 .142 .170 b
.163 .177
Fisher's Exact Test 99.402 .170 b .163 .177
Linear-by-Linear
Association 2.202 c 1 .138 .134 b .127 .140
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 86 cells (71.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.484.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .065 .075 .070 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 86 cells (71.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.484.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .091 .028 3.151
Designation Dependent .107 .034 3.009
P4ASC Dependent .074 .033 2.151
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .047 .007
tau
P4ASC Dependent .023 .006
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 15
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .002
Designation Dependent .003
P4ASC Dependent .031
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .104 c .086 d
tau
P4ASC Dependent .123 c
.177 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P4ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .081 .092
tau
P4ASC Dependent .169 .184
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .499 .106 .089 a .084 .095
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 16
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 89.147 a
105 .866 .911 b
.905 .916
Likelihood Ratio 92.399 105 .805 .826 b .818 .833
Fisher's Exact Test 94.877 .691 b
.682 .700
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .329 1 .566 .573 .564 .583
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 94 cells (73.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.573.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .280 .298 .289 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 94 cells (73.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.573.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .075 .026 2.839
Designation Dependent .084 .033 2.485
P4BSC Dependent .067 .030 2.171
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .037 .006
tau
P4BSC Dependent .020 .005
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 17
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .005
Designation Dependent .013
P4BSC Dependent .030
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .837 c .880 d
tau
P4BSC Dependent .442 c
.447 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P4BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .874 .887
tau
P4BSC Dependent .438 .457
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .451 .866 .911 a .905 .916
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Designation * P5ASC

Page 18
Crosstab

Count
P5ASC
… … … … …
Designation DGM 0 0 1 4 4
AGM 0 0 2 1 6
Sr Manager 0 1 2 4 10
Jr Manager 0 1 0 1 5
Manager 0 2 0 2 3
Asst Manager 0 1 3 5 3
Officer 1 1 2 2 6
Asst Executive 1 1 3 3 4
Total 2 7 13 22 41

Crosstab

Count
P5ASC
… 50 … … …
Designation DGM 6 5 10 6 2
AGM 5 3 3 4 5
Sr Manager 6 5 7 5 3
Jr Manager 3 3 7 4 3
Manager 9 10 6 6 3
Asst Manager 6 6 5 4 3
Officer 3 8 8 10 5
Asst Executive 7 6 9 7 3
Total 45 46 55 46 27

Crosstab

Count
P5ASC
… … … 75 … Total
Designation DGM 2 1 0 0 0 41
AGM 2 4 1 0 0 36
Sr Manager 2 2 1 0 0 48
Jr Manager 4 2 0 0 0 33
Manager 3 1 1 0 2 48
Asst Manager 1 1 2 1 0 41
Officer 3 0 2 1 0 52
Asst Executive 2 3 1 1 0 51
Total 19 14 8 3 2 350

Page 19
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 76.510 a
98 .947 .967 b
.963 .970
Likelihood Ratio 77.512 98 .937 .988 b .985 .990
Fisher's Exact Test 68.530 .988 b
.985 .990
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .027 1 .869 .863 .856 .870
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 90 cells (75.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .19.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .165.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .423 .442 .432 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 90 cells (75.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .19.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .165.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .066 .025 2.568
Designation Dependent .087 .033 2.525
P5ASC Dependent .044 .028 1.548
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .031 .006
tau
P5ASC Dependent .014 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 20
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .010
Designation Dependent .012
P5ASC Dependent .122
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .945 c .960 d
tau
P5ASC Dependent .984 c
.960 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P5ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .957 .964
tau
P5ASC Dependent .956 .964
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .424 .947 .967 a .963 .970
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 21
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 77.573 a
84 .676 .689 b
.680 .698
Likelihood Ratio 83.586 84 .492 .764 b .755 .772
Fisher's Exact Test 69.133 .770 b
.762 .778
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .111 1 .739 .736 .727 .744
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 76 cells (73.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.333.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .355 .374 .364 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 76 cells (73.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.333.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .062 .025 2.434
Designation Dependent .074 .034 2.111
P5BSC Dependent .050 .028 1.717
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .030 .006
tau
P5BSC Dependent .017 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 22
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .015
Designation Dependent .035
P5BSC Dependent .086
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .774 c .783 d
tau
P5BSC Dependent .829 c
.795 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P5BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .775 .791
tau
P5BSC Dependent .787 .803
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .426 .676 .689 a .680 .698
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 23
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 1.517E2 a
133 .128 .107 b
.101 .113
Likelihood Ratio 156.237 133 .082 .067 b
.062 .072
Fisher's Exact Test 144.123 .065 b .060 .070
Linear-by-Linear
Association .124 c 1 .725 .731 b .722 .739
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 144 cells (90.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .352.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .354 .373 .364 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 144 cells (90.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .352.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .088 .024 3.518
Designation Dependent .131 .031 4.009
P6ASC Dependent .046 .030 1.497
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .065 .009
tau
P6ASC Dependent .024 .005
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 24
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .000
Designation Dependent .000
P6ASC Dependent .134
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .066 c .041 d
tau
P6ASC Dependent .060 c
.105 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P6ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .037 .045
tau
P6ASC Dependent .099 .111
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .550 .128 .107 a .101 .113
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 25
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 1.151E2 a
119 .585 .597 b
.588 .607
Likelihood Ratio 119.564 119 .468 .602 b
.592 .611
Fisher's Exact Test 107.140 .660 b .651 .669
Linear-by-Linear
Association .107 c 1 .744 .749 b .740 .757
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 129 cells (89.6%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.327.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .367 .385 .376 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 129 cells (89.6%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.327.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .065 .023 2.810
Designation Dependent .101 .032 3.009
P6BSC Dependent .030 .027 1.101
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .046 .007
tau
P6BSC Dependent .018 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 26
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .005
Designation Dependent .003
P6BSC Dependent .271
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .660 c .678 d
tau
P6BSC Dependent .808 c
.762 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P6BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .669 .687
tau
P6BSC Dependent .753 .770
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .497 .585 .597 a .588 .607
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 27
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 1.254E2 a
112 .183 .152 b
.145 .159
Likelihood Ratio 115.067 112 .402 .308 b
.299 .317
Fisher's Exact Test 108.066 .430 b .421 .440
Linear-by-Linear
Association .408 c 1 .523 .522 b .512 .531
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 108 cells (79.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.639.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .248 .265 .257 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 108 cells (79.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.639.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .056 .023 2.370
Designation Dependent .087 .030 2.836
P7BSC Dependent .024 .030 .809
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .050 .006
tau
P7BSC Dependent .018 .005
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 28
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .018
Designation Dependent .005
P7BSC Dependent .418
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .241 c .206 d
tau
P7BSC Dependent .774 c
.701 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P7BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .198 .214
tau
P7BSC Dependent .692 .710
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .514 .183 .152 a .145 .159
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 29
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 96.697 a
112 .848 .883 b
.877 .889
Likelihood Ratio 95.585 112 .867 .952 b .948 .956
Fisher's Exact Test 89.030 .920 b
.914 .925
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .250 1 .617 .612 .602 .621
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 112 cells (82.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.500.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .294 .312 .303 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 112 cells (82.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.500.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .069 .024 2.883
Designation Dependent .104 .033 3.007
P7ASC Dependent .034 .026 1.316
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .040 .007
tau
P7ASC Dependent .017 .005
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 30
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .004
Designation Dependent .003
P7ASC Dependent .188
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .833 c .860 d
tau
P7ASC Dependent .889 c
.827 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P7ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .853 .867
tau
P7ASC Dependent .820 .835
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .465 .848 .883 a .877 .889
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 31
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 1.067E2 a
105 .434 .436 b
.426 .445
Likelihood Ratio 114.702 105 .243 .380 b
.370 .390
Fisher's Exact Test 101.953 .302 b .293 .311
Linear-by-Linear
Association .384 c 1 .535 .530 b .520 .540
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 102 cells (79.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .620.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .253 .270 .262 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 102 cells (79.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .620.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .078 .024 3.175
Designation Dependent .104 .036 2.781
P8ASC Dependent .051 .023 2.157
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .043 .007
tau
P8ASC Dependent .023 .005
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 32
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .002
Designation Dependent .005
P8ASC Dependent .031
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .497 c .506 d
tau
P8ASC Dependent .180 c
.219 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P8ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .496 .515
tau
P8ASC Dependent .211 .228
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .483 .434 .436 a .426 .445
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 33
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 88.152 a
98 .752 .788 b
.780 .796
Likelihood Ratio 91.990 98 .652 .773 b .765 .781
Fisher's Exact Test 86.379 .729 b
.720 .737
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .274 1 .601 .607 .597 .616
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 92 cells (76.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .523.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .301 .319 .310 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 92 cells (76.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .523.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .066 .024 2.700
Designation Dependent .081 .032 2.471
P8BSC Dependent .051 .029 1.740
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .035 .006
tau
P8BSC Dependent .019 .005
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 34
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .007
Designation Dependent .013
P8BSC Dependent .082
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .786 c .818 d
tau
P8BSC Dependent .677 c
.632 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P8BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .811 .826
tau
P8BSC Dependent .622 .641
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .449 .752 .788 a .780 .796
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 35
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 1.479E2 a
133 .178 .165 b
.157 .172
Likelihood Ratio 150.760 133 .139 .235 b
.227 .243
Fisher's Exact Test 130.585 .198 b .190 .205
Linear-by-Linear
Association 1.171 c 1 .279 .269 b .260 .277
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 145 cells (90.6%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.082.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .129 .143 .136 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 145 cells (90.6%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.082.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .086 .024 3.458
Designation Dependent .124 .035 3.391
P9ASC Dependent .047 .023 1.991
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .059 .008
tau
P9ASC Dependent .024 .005
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 36
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .001
Designation Dependent .001
P9ASC Dependent .046
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .239 c .214 d
tau
P9ASC Dependent .071 c
.125 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P9ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .205 .222
tau
P9ASC Dependent .119 .131
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .545 .178 .165 a .157 .172
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 37
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 1.188E2 a
140 .902 .945 b
.940 .949
Likelihood Ratio 123.327 140 .841 .891 b
.885 .897
Fisher's Exact Test 116.728 .911 b .906 .917
Linear-by-Linear
Association 6.729 c 1 .009 .009 b .007 .011
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 148 cells (88.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 2.594.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .004 .007 .005 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 148 cells (88.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 2.594.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .071 .025 2.813
Designation Dependent .097 .034 2.758
P9BSC Dependent .044 .027 1.594
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .048 .006
tau
P9BSC Dependent .017 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 38
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .005
Designation Dependent .006
P9BSC Dependent .111
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .910 c .943 d
tau
P9BSC Dependent .899 c
.816 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P9BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .939 .948
tau
P9BSC Dependent .808 .824
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .503 .902 .945 a .940 .949
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 39
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 1.230E2 a
98 .045 .028 b
.025 .031
Likelihood Ratio 116.835 98 .094 .050 b
.045 .054
Fisher's Exact Test 115.694 .027 b .024 .030
Linear-by-Linear
Association .028 c 1 .868 .874 b .867 .880
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 90 cells (75.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .167.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .430 .449 .440 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 90 cells (75.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .167.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .097 .024 3.845
Designation Dependent .128 .033 3.659
P10ASC Dependent .065 .030 2.099
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .050 .008
tau
P10ASC Dependent .029 .006
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 40
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .000
Designation Dependent .000
P10ASC Dependent .036
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .050 c .026 d
tau
P10ASC Dependent .002 c
.015 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P10ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .023 .029
tau
P10ASC Dependent .013 .018
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .510 .045 .028 a .025 .031
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 41
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 78.115 a
91 .830 .864 b
.857 .870
Likelihood Ratio 84.518 91 .671 .812 b .804 .819
Fisher's Exact Test 77.268 .744 b
.736 .753
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .176 1 .675 .680 .671 .689
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 78 cells (69.6%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.420.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .330 .348 .339 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 78 cells (69.6%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.420.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .069 .026 2.562
Designation Dependent .074 .032 2.215
P10BSC Dependent .065 .032 1.981
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .031 .006
tau
P10BSC Dependent .020 .005
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 42
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .010
Designation Dependent .027
P10BSC Dependent .048
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .855 c .878 d
tau
P10BSC Dependent .512 c
.496 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P10BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .872 .885
tau
P10BSC Dependent .487 .506
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .427 .830 .864 a .857 .870
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 43
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 1.093E2 a
119 .728 .764 b
.756 .772
Likelihood Ratio 111.935 119 .664 .724 b
.715 .733
Fisher's Exact Test 102.295 .807 b .799 .814
Linear-by-Linear
Association .025 c 1 .873 .873 b .867 .880
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 130 cells (90.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.159.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .425 .444 .434 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 130 cells (90.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.159.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .047 .024 1.924
Designation Dependent .074 .036 1.971
P11ASC Dependent .020 .025 .775
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .044 .006
tau
P11ASC Dependent .016 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 44
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .054
Designation Dependent .049
P11ASC Dependent .438
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .771 c .805 d
tau
P11ASC Dependent .965 c
.927 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P11ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .797 .813
tau
P11ASC Dependent .922 .932
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .488 .728 .764 a .756 .772
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 45
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 1.241E2 a
126 .531 .546 b
.536 .556
Likelihood Ratio 127.163 126 .454 .602 b
.593 .612
Fisher's Exact Test 110.287 .640 b .631 .650
Linear-by-Linear
Association .175 c 1 .675 .674 b .665 .684
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 140 cells (92.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .419.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .333 .351 .342 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 140 cells (92.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .09.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .419.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .075 .023 3.172
Designation Dependent .117 .032 3.509
P11BSC Dependent .033 .027 1.234
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .051 .007
tau
P11BSC Dependent .019 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 46
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .002
Designation Dependent .000
P11BSC Dependent .217
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .535 c .542 d
tau
P11BSC Dependent .648 c
.613 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Designation Dependent
P11BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Designation Dependent .532 .552
tau
P11BSC Dependent .603 .622
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .512 .531 .546 a .536 .556
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 47
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 20.248 a
16 .209 .188 b
.180 .195
Likelihood Ratio 22.266 16 .135 .204 b .196 .211
Fisher's Exact Test 19.420 .200 b
.192 .208
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 8.363 1 .004 .004 .003 .005
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 15 cells (44.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -2.892.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .001 .003 .002 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 15 cells (44.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -2.892.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .033 .023 1.404
Division Dependent .083 .043 1.869
P1A Standard score
Dependent .010 .027 .372
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .058 .021
tau
P1A Standard score
Dependent .003 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 48
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .160
Division Dependent .062
P1A Standard score
Dependent .710
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .212 c .189 d
tau
P1A Standard score
Dependent .436 c .417 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P1A Standard score
Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .181 .196
tau
P1A Standard score
Dependent .408 .427
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .234 .209 .188 a .180 .195
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 49
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 9.737 a
15 .836 .864 b
.857 .871
Likelihood Ratio 12.127 15 .669 .784 b .776 .792
Fisher's Exact Test 8.978 .905 b
.899 .911
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .144 1 .705 .692 .683 .701
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 12 cells (37.5%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.379.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .343 .361 .352 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 12 cells (37.5%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.379.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. T
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .000 .000 .b
Division Dependent .000 .000 .b
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .000 .000 .b
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .028 .013
tau
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .001 .001
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 50
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .b
Division Dependent .b
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .b
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .838 c .865 d
tau
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .956 c .910 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P1B Standard Score
Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .858 .872
tau
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .904 .915
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .165 .836 .864 a .857 .871
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 51
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 17.820 a
18 .468 .479 b
.469 .489
Likelihood Ratio 20.628 18 .299 .488 b .478 .498
Fisher's Exact Test 16.856 .508 b
.498 .518
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 2.100 1 .147 .161 .154 .168
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 20 cells (52.6%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.449.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .075 .085 .080 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 20 cells (52.6%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.449.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .023 .027 .858
Division Dependent .015 .052 .289
P2ASC Dependent .027 .021 1.268
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .051 .019
tau
P2ASC Dependent .004 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 52
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .391
Division Dependent .773
P2ASC Dependent .205
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .471 c .481 d
tau
P2ASC Dependent .088 c
.156 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P2ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .471 .491
tau
P2ASC Dependent .149 .163
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .220 .468 .479 a .469 .489
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 53
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 17.075 a
17 .449 .453 b
.443 .463
Likelihood Ratio 19.535 17 .299 .440 b .430 .450
Fisher's Exact Test 16.601 .454 b
.444 .464
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .092 1 .762 .773 .765 .781
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 16 cells (44.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.303.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .380 .399 .390 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 16 cells (44.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.303.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .016 .015 1.095
Division Dependent .053 .047 1.095
P2BSC Dependent .000 .000 c
.
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .049 .017
tau
P2BSC Dependent .002 .001
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 54
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .273
Division Dependent .273
P2BSC Dependent .c
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .453 d .456 e
tau
P2BSC Dependent .852 d
.764 e
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P2BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .446 .465
tau
P2BSC Dependent .756 .773
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .216 .449 .453 a .443 .463
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 55
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 16.323 a
17 .501 .511 b
.501 .521
Likelihood Ratio 17.520 17 .420 .531 b .521 .541
Fisher's Exact Test 15.853 .522 b
.512 .531
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .123 1 .725 .728 .719 .737
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 10 cells (27.8%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.351.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .348 .367 .358 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 10 cells (27.8%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.351.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .029 .029 .996
Division Dependent .053 .051 1.023
P3ASC Dependent .019 .029 .663
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .047 .021
tau
P3ASC Dependent .003 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 56
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .319
Division Dependent .307
P3ASC Dependent .507
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .504 c .512 d
tau
P3ASC Dependent .272 c
.287 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P3ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .502 .521
tau
P3ASC Dependent .278 .296
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .211 .501 .511 a .501 .521
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 57
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 16.832 a
18 .535 .551 b
.541 .561
Likelihood Ratio 18.326 18 .434 .580 b .570 .590
Fisher's Exact Test 16.572 .545 b
.535 .555
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .102 1 .749 .745 .737 .754
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 16 cells (42.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .319.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .363 .382 .372 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 16 cells (42.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .319.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .012 .021 .549
Division Dependent .030 .041 .731
P3BSC Dependent .003 .024 .137
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .048 .019
tau
P3BSC Dependent .003 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 58
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .583
Division Dependent .465
P3BSC Dependent .891
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .538 c .553 d
tau
P3BSC Dependent .535 c
.503 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P3BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .543 .563
tau
P3BSC Dependent .493 .513
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .214 .535 .551 a .541 .561
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 59
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 15.062 a
14 .374 .373 b
.363 .382
Likelihood Ratio 15.794 14 .326 .442 b .433 .452
Fisher's Exact Test 15.058 .343 b
.334 .353
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 1.384 1 .239 .239 .230 .247
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 13 cells (43.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.176.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .116 .129 .122 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 13 cells (43.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.176.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .016 .018 .897
Division Dependent .045 .036 1.227
P4ASC Dependent .003 .020 .164
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .043 .018
tau
P4ASC Dependent .002 .001
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 60
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .370
Division Dependent .220
P4ASC Dependent .869
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .377 c .375 d
tau
P4ASC Dependent .871 c
.786 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P4ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .365 .384
tau
P4ASC Dependent .778 .794
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .203 .374 .373 a .363 .382
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 61
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 18.885 a
15 .219 .191 b
.183 .199
Likelihood Ratio 20.957 15 .138 .202 b .194 .210
Fisher's Exact Test 17.958 .216 b
.208 .224
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .425 1 .514 .515 .505 .525
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 14 cells (43.8%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .652.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .245 .262 .253 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 14 cells (43.8%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .652.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .032 .021 1.515
Division Dependent .061 .033 1.797
P4BSC Dependent .020 .027 .739
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .054 .018
tau
P4BSC Dependent .003 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 62
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .130
Division Dependent .072
P4BSC Dependent .460
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .221 c .192 d
tau
P4BSC Dependent .578 c
.523 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P4BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .184 .200
tau
P4BSC Dependent .513 .533
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .226 .219 .191 a .183 .199
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 63
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 4.473 a
14 .992 .994 b
.993 .996
Likelihood Ratio 4.465 14 .992 .996 b .994 .997
Fisher's Exact Test 5.261 .991 b
.989 .993
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .000 1 .999 .991 .989 .992
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 11 cells (36.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .75.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .001.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .492 .512 .502 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 11 cells (36.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .75.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .001.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .002 .015 .153
Division Dependent .008 .013 .578
P5ASC Dependent .000 .021 .000
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .013 .012
tau
P5ASC Dependent .001 .001
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 64
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .879
Division Dependent .564
P5ASC Dependent 1.000
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .992 c .994 d
tau
P5ASC Dependent .995 c
.985 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P5ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .993 .996
tau
P5ASC Dependent .983 .988
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .112 .992 .994 a .993 .996
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 65
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 11.471 a
12 .489 .495 b
.486 .505
Likelihood Ratio 11.642 12 .475 .526 b .516 .536
Fisher's Exact Test 11.338 .496 b
.486 .505
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 3.983 1 .046 .047 .042 .051
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 6 cells (23.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 1.51.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.996.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .021 .027 .024 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 6 cells (23.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is 1.51.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.996.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .018 .025 .737
Division Dependent .023 .031 .728
P5BSC Dependent .017 .033 .498
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .033 .019
tau
P5BSC Dependent .003 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 66
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .461
Division Dependent .467
P5BSC Dependent .619
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .492 c .497 d
tau
P5BSC Dependent .420 c
.405 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P5BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .488 .507
tau
P5BSC Dependent .395 .414
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .178 .489 .495 a .486 .505
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 67
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 20.407 a
19 .370 .360 b
.350 .369
Likelihood Ratio 23.250 19 .227 .331 b .322 .340
Fisher's Exact Test 19.084 .419 b
.410 .429
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .039 1 .843 .843 .835 .850
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 16 cells (40.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .198.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .406 .425 .416 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 16 cells (40.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .198.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .011 .032 .353
Division Dependent .038 .063 .585
P6ASC Dependent .000 .031 .000
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .058 .021
tau
P6ASC Dependent .004 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 68
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .724
Division Dependent .558
P6ASC Dependent 1.000
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .374 c .361 d
tau
P6ASC Dependent .149 c
.185 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P6ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .352 .371
tau
P6ASC Dependent .178 .193
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .235 .370 .360 a .350 .369
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 69
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 15.053 a
17 .592 .616 b
.607 .626
Likelihood Ratio 16.901 17 .461 .590 b .580 .599
Fisher's Exact Test 14.601 .630 b
.621 .639
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 1.588 1 .208 .212 .204 .220
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 12 cells (33.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.260.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .100 .112 .106 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 12 cells (33.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.260.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .021 .018 1.155
Division Dependent .045 .039 1.136
P6BSC Dependent .010 .019 .522
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .043 .019
tau
P6BSC Dependent .002 .001
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 70
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .248
Division Dependent .256
P6BSC Dependent .601
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .595 c .618 d
tau
P6BSC Dependent .704 c
.653 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P6BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .608 .627
tau
P6BSC Dependent .643 .662
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .203 .592 .616 a .607 .626
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 71
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 24.680 a
16 .076 .053 b
.049 .057
Likelihood Ratio 28.319 16 .029 .047 b .042 .051
Fisher's Exact Test 23.927 .054 b
.050 .059
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 1.157 1 .282 .282 .274 .291
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 16 cells (47.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.076.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .136 .150 .143 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 16 cells (47.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.076.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .031 .016 1.866
Division Dependent .053 .022 2.352
P7BSC Dependent .021 .022 .950
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .071 .019
tau
P7BSC Dependent .004 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 72
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .062
Division Dependent .019
P7BSC Dependent .342
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .077 c .054 d
tau
P7BSC Dependent .123 c
.176 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P7BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .049 .058
tau
P7BSC Dependent .168 .183
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .257 .076 .053 a .049 .057
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 73
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 21.453 a
16 .162 .146 b
.139 .153
Likelihood Ratio 24.251 16 .084 .138 b .131 .145
Fisher's Exact Test 21.530 .121 b
.115 .128
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .056 1 .814 .802 .794 .810
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 15 cells (44.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .236.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .391 .410 .400 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 15 cells (44.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .236.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .026 .028 .928
Division Dependent .061 .049 1.209
P7ASC Dependent .010 .023 .438
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .061 .021
tau
P7ASC Dependent .005 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 74
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .354
Division Dependent .227
P7ASC Dependent .662
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .164 c .146 d
tau
P7ASC Dependent .068 c
.114 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P7ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .140 .153
tau
P7ASC Dependent .108 .120
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .240 .162 .146 a .139 .153
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 75
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 22.195 a
15 .103 .086 b
.080 .091
Likelihood Ratio 26.236 15 .036 .055 b .051 .060
Fisher's Exact Test 20.767 .114 b
.107 .120
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .230 1 .631 .617 .608 .627
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 10 cells (31.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .480.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .301 .319 .310 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 10 cells (31.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .480.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .019 .021 .864
Division Dependent .053 .034 1.533
P8ASC Dependent .003 .027 .124
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .063 .019
tau
P8ASC Dependent .003 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 76
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .388
Division Dependent .125
P8ASC Dependent .901
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .104 c .086 d
tau
P8ASC Dependent .434 c
.416 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P8ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .080 .091
tau
P8ASC Dependent .407 .426
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .244 .103 .086 a .080 .091
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 77
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 9.748 a
14 .780 .804 b
.796 .812
Likelihood Ratio 10.282 14 .741 .829 b .821 .836
Fisher's Exact Test 9.963 .780 b
.772 .789
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .001 1 .969 .980 .978 .983
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 10 cells (33.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.038.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .482 .501 .492 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 10 cells (33.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.038.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .007 .012 .578
Division Dependent .023 .039 .578
P8BSC Dependent .000 .000 c
.
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .028 .016
tau
P8BSC Dependent .002 .001
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 78
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .564
Division Dependent .564
P8BSC Dependent .c
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .782 d .805 e
tau
P8BSC Dependent .882 d
.814 e
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P8BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .797 .813
tau
P8BSC Dependent .806 .822
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .165 .780 .804 a .796 .812
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 79
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 19.047 a
19 .454 .463 b
.453 .472
Likelihood Ratio 23.745 19 .206 .310 b .301 .320
Fisher's Exact Test 18.100 .502 b
.493 .512
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 12.304 1 .000 .001 .000 .001
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 18 cells (45.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 3.508.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .000 .001 .000 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 18 cells (45.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 3.508.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .012 .010 1.215
Division Dependent .038 .031 1.215
P9ASC Dependent .000 .000 c
.
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .054 .016
tau
P9ASC Dependent .001 .001
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 80
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .224
Division Dependent .224
P9ASC Dependent .c
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .457 d .464 e
tau
P9ASC Dependent .956 d
.907 e
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P9ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .454 .474
tau
P9ASC Dependent .901 .913
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .227 .454 .463 a .453 .472
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 81
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 20.500 a
20 .427 .433 b
.423 .442
Likelihood Ratio 23.063 20 .286 .461 b .451 .471
Fisher's Exact Test 20.210 .401 b
.392 .411
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .259 1 .611 .626 .617 .636
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 21 cells (50.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.509.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .310 .328 .319 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 21 cells (50.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.509.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .016 .019 .856
Division Dependent .038 .017 2.252
P9BSC Dependent .007 .026 .254
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .059 .017
tau
P9BSC Dependent .002 .001
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 82
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .392
Division Dependent .024
P9BSC Dependent .799
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .431 c .434 d
tau
P9BSC Dependent .778 c
.689 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P9BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .424 .444
tau
P9BSC Dependent .680 .698
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .235 .427 .433 a .423 .442
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 83
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 15.959 a
14 .316 .298 b
.289 .307
Likelihood Ratio 17.882 14 .212 .291 b .282 .300
Fisher's Exact Test 14.820 .350 b
.340 .359
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 1.677 1 .195 .208 .200 .216
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 10 cells (33.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.295.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .105 .117 .111 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 10 cells (33.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.295.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .017 .020 .809
Division Dependent .030 .015 2.012
P10ASC Dependent .010 .029 .356
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .046 .016
tau
P10ASC Dependent .002 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 84
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .418
Division Dependent .044
P10ASC Dependent .722
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .319 c .299 d
tau
P10ASC Dependent .677 c
.602 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P10ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .290 .308
tau
P10ASC Dependent .593 .612
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .209 .316 .298 a .289 .307
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 85
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 18.988 a
13 .123 .110 b
.104 .117
Likelihood Ratio 21.388 13 .066 .098 b .093 .104
Fisher's Exact Test 19.662 .081 b
.075 .086
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .238 1 .626 .635 .625 .644
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 10 cells (35.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .488.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .305 .323 .314 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 10 cells (35.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .488.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .012 .024 .493
Division Dependent .038 .041 .899
P10BSC Dependent .000 .029 .000
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .054 .019
tau
P10BSC Dependent .003 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 86
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .622
Division Dependent .369
P10BSC Dependent 1.000
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .125 c .111 d
tau
P10BSC Dependent .344 c
.344 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P10BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .105 .117
tau
P10BSC Dependent .335 .354
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .227 .123 .110 a .104 .117
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 87
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 14.852 a
17 .606 .634 b
.625 .644
Likelihood Ratio 15.621 17 .551 .712 b .703 .721
Fisher's Exact Test 15.280 .570 b
.560 .579
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .011 1 .916 .933 .928 .938
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 15 cells (41.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .105.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .458 .478 .468 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 15 cells (41.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .105.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .012 .014 .801
Division Dependent .038 .046 .801
P11ASC Dependent .000 .000 c
.
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .042 .019
tau
P11ASC Dependent .003 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 88
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .423
Division Dependent .423
P11ASC Dependent .c
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .609 d .636 e
tau
P11ASC Dependent .497 d
.465 e
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P11ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .626 .645
tau
P11ASC Dependent .456 .475
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .202 .606 .634 a .625 .644
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 89
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 15.742 a
18 .611 .640 b
.630 .649
Likelihood Ratio 16.953 18 .526 .691 b .682 .700
Fisher's Exact Test 15.455 .632 b
.623 .642
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 1.671 1 .196 .206 .198 .214
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 16 cells (42.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.293.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .101 .113 .107 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 16 cells (42.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .38.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.293.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .014 .009 1.505
Division Dependent .045 .030 1.505
P11BSC Dependent .000 .000 .c

Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .045 .019


tau
P11BSC Dependent .002 .001
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 90
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .132
Division Dependent .132
P11BSC Dependent .c
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .614 d .641 e
tau
P11BSC Dependent .784 d
.721 e
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Division Dependent
P11BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Division Dependent .632 .651
tau
P11BSC Dependent .712 .730
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .207 .611 .640 a .630 .649
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 91
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 61.981 a
64 .548 .567 b
.557 .577
Likelihood Ratio 64.428 64 .462 .558 b .549 .568
Fisher's Exact Test 60.733 .474 b
.464 .484
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .141 1 .708 .697 .688 .706
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 53 cells (62.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .375.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .338 .357 .347 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 53 cells (62.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .375.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .050 .020 2.497
Education Dependent .052 .030 1.729
P1A Standard score
Dependent .047 .022 2.124
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .045 .009
tau
P1A Standard score
Dependent .013 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 92
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .013
Education Dependent .084
P1A Standard score
Dependent .034
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .516 c .523 d
tau
P1A Standard score
Dependent .234 c .282 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P1A Standard score
Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .513 .533
tau
P1A Standard score
Dependent .273 .291
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .388 .548 .567 a .557 .577
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 93
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 81.471 a
60 .034 .027 b
.024 .030
Likelihood Ratio 85.589 60 .017 .028 b .025 .031
Fisher's Exact Test 73.619 .026 b
.023 .029
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .216 1 .642 .646 .636 .655
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 52 cells (65.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .465.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .315 .334 .324 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 52 cells (65.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .465.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .057 .029 1.914
Education Dependent .077 .040 1.829
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .041 .030 1.345
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .056 .011
tau
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .016 .005
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 94
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .056
Education Dependent .067
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .179
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .054 c .043 d
tau
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .022 c .056 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P1B Standard Score
Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .039 .047
tau
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .052 .061
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .435 .034 .027 a .024 .030
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 95
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 79.084 a
72 .265 .234 b
.226 .242
Likelihood Ratio 83.772 72 .162 .148 b .141 .155
Fisher's Exact Test 75.986 .156 b
.149 .164
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 1.164 1 .281 .278 .270 .287
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 64 cells (67.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.079.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .137 .151 .144 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 64 cells (67.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.079.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .052 .022 2.288
Education Dependent .048 .039 1.227
P2ASC Dependent .054 .025 2.152
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .056 .009
tau
P2ASC Dependent .015 .005
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 96
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .022
Education Dependent .220
P2ASC Dependent .031
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .289 c .256 d
tau
P2ASC Dependent .044 c
.108 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P2ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .248 .265
tau
P2ASC Dependent .102 .114
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .429 .265 .234 a .226 .242
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 97
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 62.209 a
68 .675 .735 b
.726 .743
Likelihood Ratio 61.837 68 .687 .684 b .675 .693
Fisher's Exact Test 61.176 .723 b
.714 .731
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .453 1 .501 .515 .505 .524
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 58 cells (64.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .673.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .246 .263 .254 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 58 cells (64.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .673.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .033 .017 1.929
Education Dependent .036 .021 1.740
P2BSC Dependent .030 .026 1.155
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .045 .008
tau
P2BSC Dependent .010 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 98
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .054
Education Dependent .082
P2BSC Dependent .248
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .664 c .713 d
tau
P2BSC Dependent .808 c
.731 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P2BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .704 .721
tau
P2BSC Dependent .723 .740
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .388 .675 .735 a .726 .743
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 99
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 77.352 a
68 .205 .192 b
.184 .199
Likelihood Ratio 81.383 68 .128 .225 b .216 .233
Fisher's Exact Test 70.067 .251 b
.242 .259
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .122 1 .727 .715 .706 .724
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 59 cells (65.6%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .349.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .351 .370 .361 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 59 cells (65.6%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .349.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .055 .025 2.191
Education Dependent .073 .039 1.808
P3ASC Dependent .042 .021 1.948
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .055 .010
tau
P3ASC Dependent .012 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 100
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .028
Education Dependent .071
P3ASC Dependent .051
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .207 c .196 d
tau
P3ASC Dependent .303 c
.329 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P3ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .188 .203
tau
P3ASC Dependent .320 .338
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .425 .205 .192 a .184 .199
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 101
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 72.677 a
72 .456 .456 b
.447 .466
Likelihood Ratio 72.617 72 .457 .583 b .574 .593
Fisher's Exact Test 64.877 .639 b
.630 .649
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 4.068 1 .044 .041 .037 .045
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 64 cells (67.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -2.017.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .018 .023 .020 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 64 cells (67.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -2.017.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .038 .023 1.631
Education Dependent .065 .040 1.574
P3BSC Dependent .017 .021 .801
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .053 .010
tau
P3BSC Dependent .011 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 102
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .103
Education Dependent .115
P3BSC Dependent .423
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .427 c .419 d
tau
P3BSC Dependent .554 c
.528 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P3BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .410 .429
tau
P3BSC Dependent .518 .537
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .415 .456 .456 a .447 .466
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 103
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 55.027 a
56 .512 .519 b
.510 .529
Likelihood Ratio 56.300 56 .464 .620 b .611 .630
Fisher's Exact Test 49.386 .616 b
.606 .625
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .120 1 .729 .735 .726 .743
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 44 cells (58.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .346.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .359 .378 .369 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 44 cells (58.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .346.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .049 .023 2.102
Education Dependent .052 .030 1.729
P4ASC Dependent .047 .030 1.551
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .041 .009
tau
P4ASC Dependent .011 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 104
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .036
Education Dependent .084
P4ASC Dependent .121
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .451 c .452 d
tau
P4ASC Dependent .637 c
.587 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P4ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .442 .462
tau
P4ASC Dependent .577 .596
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .369 .512 .519 a .510 .529
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 105
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 45.965 a
60 .909 .948 b
.943 .952
Likelihood Ratio 48.328 60 .860 .939 b .934 .944
Fisher's Exact Test 46.031 .925 b
.920 .930
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .160 1 .689 .691 .682 .700
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 47 cells (58.8%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.400.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .331 .349 .340 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 47 cells (58.8%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.400.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .031 .015 2.059
Education Dependent .032 .018 1.797
P4BSC Dependent .030 .023 1.289
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .033 .007
tau
P4BSC Dependent .008 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 106
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .040
Education Dependent .072
P4BSC Dependent .197
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .917 c .951 d
tau
P4BSC Dependent .970 c
.924 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P4BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .946 .955
tau
P4BSC Dependent .918 .929
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .341 .909 .948 a .943 .952
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 107
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 58.138 a
56 .397 .406 b
.397 .416
Likelihood Ratio 66.923 56 .151 .270 b .261 .278
Fisher's Exact Test 57.087 .266 b
.257 .275
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .325 1 .569 .564 .554 .573
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 45 cells (60.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .31.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .570.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .274 .291 .282 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 45 cells (60.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .31.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .570.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .050 .021 2.291
Education Dependent .056 .028 1.952
P5ASC Dependent .044 .026 1.644
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .045 .009
tau
P5ASC Dependent .013 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 108
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .022
Education Dependent .051
P5ASC Dependent .100
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .263 c .254 d
tau
P5ASC Dependent .233 c
.267 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P5ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .246 .263
tau
P5ASC Dependent .258 .275
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .377 .397 .406 a .397 .416
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 109
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 33.259 a
48 .948 .959 b
.955 .963
Likelihood Ratio 37.858 48 .853 .945 b .940 .949
Fisher's Exact Test 33.813 .935 b
.931 .940
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .387 1 .534 .526 .516 .536
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 30 cells (46.2%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .63.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .622.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .253 .270 .262 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 30 cells (46.2%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .63.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .622.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .025 .021 1.186
Education Dependent .028 .024 1.153
P5BSC Dependent .023 .033 .690
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .024 .007
tau
P5BSC Dependent .008 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 110
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .236
Education Dependent .249
P5BSC Dependent .490
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .948 c .954 d
tau
P5BSC Dependent .945 c
.923 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P5BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .950 .958
tau
P5BSC Dependent .918 .928
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .295 .948 .959 a .955 .963
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 111
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 68.838 a
76 .707 .743 b
.735 .752
Likelihood Ratio 71.822 76 .614 .725 b .717 .734
Fisher's Exact Test 64.811 .796 b
.789 .804
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .732 1 .392 .393 .383 .403
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 70 cells (70.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .856.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .192 .207 .199 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 70 cells (70.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .856.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .038 .021 1.816
Education Dependent .060 .033 1.763
P6ASC Dependent .020 .021 .927
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .050 .009
tau
P6ASC Dependent .009 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 112
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .069
Education Dependent .078
P6ASC Dependent .354
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .681 c .707 d
tau
P6ASC Dependent .889 c
.836 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P6ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .698 .716
tau
P6ASC Dependent .828 .843
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .405 .707 .743 a .735 .752
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 113
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 65.426 a
68 .566 .576 b
.566 .585
Likelihood Ratio 66.261 68 .537 .671 b .662 .680
Fisher's Exact Test 59.983 .674 b
.665 .683
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 1.590 1 .207 .212 .203 .220
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 59 cells (65.6%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.261.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .102 .114 .108 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 59 cells (65.6%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.261.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .045 .020 2.234
Education Dependent .073 .034 2.050
P6BSC Dependent .023 .018 1.303
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .045 .009
tau
P6BSC Dependent .010 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 114
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .025
Education Dependent .040
P6BSC Dependent .193
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .649 c .668 d
tau
P6BSC Dependent .779 c
.726 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P6BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .659 .678
tau
P6BSC Dependent .717 .734
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .397 .566 .576 a .566 .585
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 115
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 79.260 a
64 .095 .068 b
.063 .073
Likelihood Ratio 79.795 64 .088 .092 b .086 .097
Fisher's Exact Test 71.607 .090 b
.084 .096
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .001 1 .971 .974 .971 .977
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 55 cells (64.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .037.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .479 .498 .488 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 55 cells (64.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .037.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .061 .028 2.122
Education Dependent .073 .039 1.808
P7BSC Dependent .052 .027 1.870
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .055 .010
tau
P7BSC Dependent .015 .005
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 116
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .034
Education Dependent .071
P7BSC Dependent .062
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .129 c .101 d
tau
P7BSC Dependent .060 c
.124 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P7BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .095 .107
tau
P7BSC Dependent .118 .131
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .430 .095 .068 a .063 .073
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 117
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 62.445 a
64 .532 .546 b
.536 .556
Likelihood Ratio 68.564 64 .325 .499 b .490 .509
Fisher's Exact Test 59.914 .453 b
.443 .462
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .400 1 .527 .530 .520 .540
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 53 cells (62.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.633.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .260 .278 .269 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 53 cells (62.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.633.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .046 .027 1.681
Education Dependent .052 .038 1.337
P7ASC Dependent .041 .025 1.581
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .044 .009
tau
P7ASC Dependent .014 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 118
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .093
Education Dependent .181
P7ASC Dependent .114
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .566 c .580 d
tau
P7ASC Dependent .099 c
.155 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P7ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .570 .590
tau
P7ASC Dependent .148 .162
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .389 .532 .546 a .536 .556
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 119
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 66.413 a
60 .266 .257 b
.249 .266
Likelihood Ratio 72.663 60 .126 .219 b .211 .227
Fisher's Exact Test 61.757 .262 b
.254 .271
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 1.462 1 .227 .232 .224 .240
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 49 cells (61.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.209.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .109 .122 .116 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 49 cells (61.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.209.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .042 .015 2.759
Education Dependent .085 .028 2.919
P8ASC Dependent .007 .014 .472
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .048 .010
tau
P8ASC Dependent .011 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 120
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .006
Education Dependent .004
P8ASC Dependent .637
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .232 c .218 d
tau
P8ASC Dependent .639 c
.607 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P8ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .210 .226
tau
P8ASC Dependent .597 .616
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .399 .266 .257 a .249 .266
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 121
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 50.451 a
56 .684 .708 b
.699 .716
Likelihood Ratio 55.930 56 .477 .604 b .594 .613
Fisher's Exact Test 48.501 .711 b
.702 .720
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .696 1 .404 .406 .396 .415
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 49 cells (65.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .834.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .196 .212 .204 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 49 cells (65.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .834.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .022 .016 1.362
Education Dependent .040 .027 1.448
P8BSC Dependent .007 .019 .365
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .036 .008
tau
P8BSC Dependent .009 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 122
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .173
Education Dependent .148
P8BSC Dependent .715
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .685 c .707 d
tau
P8BSC Dependent .869 c
.806 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P8BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .698 .716
tau
P8BSC Dependent .798 .813
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .355 .684 .708 a .699 .716
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 123
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 72.903 a
76 .579 .595 b
.586 .605
Likelihood Ratio 79.893 76 .358 .563 b .554 .573
Fisher's Exact Test 69.254 .543 b
.534 .553
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .551 1 .458 .468 .458 .477
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 69 cells (69.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.742.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .225 .241 .233 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 69 cells (69.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.742.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .026 .019 1.326
Education Dependent .044 .034 1.273
P9ASC Dependent .010 .014 .728
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .049 .009
tau
P9ASC Dependent .011 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 124
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .185
Education Dependent .203
P9ASC Dependent .467
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .706 c .728 d
tau
P9ASC Dependent .562 c
.533 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P9ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .719 .737
tau
P9ASC Dependent .524 .543
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .415 .579 .595 a .586 .605
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 125
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 97.038 a
80 .094 .069 b
.064 .074
Likelihood Ratio 99.998 80 .065 .086 b .080 .091
Fisher's Exact Test 88.166 .066 b
.061 .071
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .033 1 .856 .861 .854 .868
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 79 cells (75.2%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .181.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .425 .445 .435 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 79 cells (75.2%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .181.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .062 .022 2.770
Education Dependent .085 .030 2.764
P9BSC Dependent .044 .032 1.337
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .069 .011
tau
P9BSC Dependent .016 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 126
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .006
Education Dependent .006
P9BSC Dependent .181
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .100 c .073 d
tau
P9BSC Dependent .020 c
.067 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P9BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .068 .078
tau
P9BSC Dependent .062 .072
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .466 .094 .069 a .064 .074
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 127
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 61.497 a
56 .286 .266 b
.257 .274
Likelihood Ratio 63.131 56 .239 .242 b .233 .250
Fisher's Exact Test 60.530 .197 b
.189 .205
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 1.541 1 .214 .222 .214 .230
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 47 cells (62.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.241.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .100 .113 .106 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 47 cells (62.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.241.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .052 .023 2.215
Education Dependent .065 .029 2.152
P10ASC Dependent .041 .030 1.345
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .045 .009
tau
P10ASC Dependent .013 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 128
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .027
Education Dependent .031
P10ASC Dependent .179
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .261 c .240 d
tau
P10ASC Dependent .278 c
.307 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P10ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .232 .249
tau
P10ASC Dependent .298 .316
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .387 .286 .266 a .257 .274
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 129
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 46.920 a
52 .673 .697 b
.688 .706
Likelihood Ratio 48.230 52 .623 .782 b .774 .790
Fisher's Exact Test 44.364 .697 b
.688 .706
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 2.380 1 .123 .127 .120 .133
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 42 cells (60.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.543.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .061 .070 .066 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 42 cells (60.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.543.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .039 .019 1.987
Education Dependent .044 .025 1.769
P10BSC Dependent .034 .029 1.165
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .033 .009
tau
P10BSC Dependent .010 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 130
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .047
Education Dependent .077
P10BSC Dependent .244
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .727 c .745 d
tau
P10BSC Dependent .694 c
.646 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P10BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .737 .754
tau
P10BSC Dependent .637 .656
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .344 .673 .697 a .688 .706
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 131
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 71.463 a
68 .364 .356 b
.346 .365
Likelihood Ratio 74.557 68 .274 .372 b .363 .382
Fisher's Exact Test 66.173 .372 b
.362 .381
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 3.483 1 .062 .064 .060 .069
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 55 cells (61.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.866.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .029 .036 .032 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 55 cells (61.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.866.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .044 .023 1.828
Education Dependent .060 .036 1.614
P11ASC Dependent .030 .026 1.136
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .052 .011
tau
P11ASC Dependent .012 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 132
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .068
Education Dependent .106
P11ASC Dependent .256
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .336 c .321 d
tau
P11ASC Dependent .380 c
.388 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P11ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .312 .330
tau
P11ASC Dependent .379 .398
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .412 .364 .356 a .346 .365
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 133
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 75.852 a
72 .355 .348 b
.338 .357
Likelihood Ratio 79.188 72 .263 .433 b .424 .443
Fisher's Exact Test 66.819 .461 b
.451 .471
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .008 1 .929 .931 .926 .936
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 58 cells (61.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.088.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .446 .465 .455 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 58 cells (61.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .16.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.088.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .044 .024 1.777
Education Dependent .073 .030 2.383
P11BSC Dependent .020 .031 .647
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .057 .010
tau
P11BSC Dependent .011 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 134
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .076
Education Dependent .017
P11BSC Dependent .517
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .258 c .246 d
tau
P11BSC Dependent .498 c
.490 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Education Dependent
P11BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Education Dependent .237 .254
tau
P11BSC Dependent .480 .499
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .422 .355 .348 a .338 .357
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 135
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 34.374 a
32 .355 .340 b
.331 .349
Likelihood Ratio 36.937 32 .251 .367 b .358 .377
Fisher's Exact Test 33.443 .309 b
.300 .318
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .032 1 .858 .863 .856 .870
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 27 cells (52.9%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.179.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .422 .441 .431 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 27 cells (52.9%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.179.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .089 .029 2.992
Experience in VSP
Dependent .155 .042 3.459
P1A Standard score
Dependent .037 .028 1.309
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .049 .014
P1A Standard score
Dependent .007 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 136
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .003
Experience in VSP
Dependent .001
P1A Standard score
Dependent .191
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .357 c .347 d
P1A Standard score
Dependent .143 c .196 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P1A Standard score
Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .338 .356
P1A Standard score
Dependent .188 .203
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .299 .355 .340 a .331 .349
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 137
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 19.475 a
30 .929 .952 b
.948 .956
Likelihood Ratio 21.429 30 .874 .954 b .950 .959
Fisher's Exact Test 20.234 .927 b
.922 .932
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .579 1 .447 .457 .448 .467
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 24 cells (50.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .761.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .219 .236 .228 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 24 cells (50.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .761.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .063 .033 1.875
Experience in VSP
Dependent .112 .051 2.068
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .024 .029 .809
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .028 .011
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .005 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 138
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .061
Experience in VSP
Dependent .039
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .418
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .931 c .953 d
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .682 c .622 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P1B Standard Score
Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .949 .957
P1B Standard Score
Dependent .612 .631
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .230 .929 .952 a .948 .956
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 139
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 31.837 a
36 .667 .726 b
.717 .735
Likelihood Ratio 35.495 36 .492 .718 b .709 .726
Fisher's Exact Test 32.386 .581 b
.571 .590
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .068 1 .794 .804 .796 .811
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 33 cells (57.9%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.261.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .396 .415 .405 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 33 cells (57.9%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.261.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .070 .033 2.052
Experience in VSP
Dependent .134 .054 2.309
P2ASC Dependent .020 .028 .718
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .046 .012
P2ASC Dependent .007 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 140
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .040
Experience in VSP
Dependent .021
P2ASC Dependent .473
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .670 c .721 d
P2ASC Dependent .232 c .281 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P2ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .713 .730
P2ASC Dependent .272 .290
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .289 .667 .726 a .717 .735
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 141
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 24.459 a
34 .886 .952 b
.947 .956
Likelihood Ratio 25.736 34 .845 .957 b .953 .961
Fisher's Exact Test 23.614 .948 b
.944 .953
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .707 1 .400 .403 .393 .413
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 27 cells (50.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .841.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .195 .211 .203 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 27 cells (50.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .841.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .064 .026 2.424
Experience in VSP
Dependent .116 .046 2.378
P2BSC Dependent .023 .018 1.260
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .035 .010
P2BSC Dependent .004 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 142
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .015
Experience in VSP
Dependent .017
P2BSC Dependent .208
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .888 c .957 d
P2BSC Dependent .895 c .812 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P2BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .953 .961
P2BSC Dependent .805 .820
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .256 .886 .952 a .947 .956
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 143
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 33.633 a
34 .486 .496 b
.486 .505
Likelihood Ratio 35.829 34 .383 .528 b .518 .537
Fisher's Exact Test 31.482 .552 b
.543 .562
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .359 1 .549 .554 .544 .564
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 18 cells (33.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .599.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .269 .286 .278 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 18 cells (33.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .599.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .081 .027 2.937
Experience in VSP
Dependent .159 .047 3.160
P3ASC Dependent .022 .024 .928
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .048 .015
P3ASC Dependent .005 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 144
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .003
Experience in VSP
Dependent .002
P3ASC Dependent .353
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .489 c .496 d
P3ASC Dependent .674 c .645 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P3ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .486 .506
P3ASC Dependent .636 .654
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .296 .486 .496 a .486 .505
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 145
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 37.807 a
36 .387 .386 b
.376 .396
Likelihood Ratio 38.887 36 .341 .484 b .474 .493
Fisher's Exact Test 35.962 .406 b
.396 .416
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 2.468 1 .116 .111 .105 .118
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 27 cells (47.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.571.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .051 .060 .055 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 27 cells (47.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.571.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .086 .026 3.145
Experience in VSP
Dependent .177 .048 3.414
P3BSC Dependent .017 .019 .871
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .054 .016
P3BSC Dependent .007 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 146
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .002
Experience in VSP
Dependent .001
P3BSC Dependent .384
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .393 c .390 d
P3BSC Dependent .263 c .292 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P3BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .381 .400
P3BSC Dependent .283 .301
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .312 .387 .386 a .376 .396
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 147
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 23.123 a
28 .727 .762 b
.753 .770
Likelihood Ratio 28.050 28 .462 .629 b .620 .639
Fisher's Exact Test 23.609 .687 b
.678 .696
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .001 1 .975 .978 .975 .981
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 21 cells (46.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .031.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .475 .494 .485 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 21 cells (46.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .031.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .060 .034 1.733
Experience in VSP
Dependent .099 .057 1.645
P4ASC Dependent .030 .027 1.085
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .033 .010
P4ASC Dependent .005 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 148
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .083
Experience in VSP
Dependent .100
P4ASC Dependent .278
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .729 c .760 d
P4ASC Dependent .695 c .635 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P4ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .752 .769
P4ASC Dependent .625 .644
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .249 .727 .762 a .753 .770
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 149
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 31.899 a
30 .372 .358 b
.349 .367
Likelihood Ratio 34.659 30 .255 .370 b .361 .380
Fisher's Exact Test 31.950 .278 b
.270 .287
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .712 1 .399 .393 .384 .403
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 24 cells (50.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.844.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .187 .202 .194 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 24 cells (50.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.844.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .090 .032 2.756
Experience in VSP
Dependent .142 .052 2.578
P4BSC Dependent .050 .027 1.788
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .046 .013
P4BSC Dependent .008 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 150
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .006
Experience in VSP
Dependent .010
P4BSC Dependent .074
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .372 c .355 d
P4BSC Dependent .060 c .114 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P4BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .346 .364
P4BSC Dependent .108 .120
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .289 .372 .358 a .349 .367
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 151
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 23.972 a
28 .683 .707 b
.698 .716
Likelihood Ratio 25.799 28 .584 .737 b .728 .746
Fisher's Exact Test 22.561 .744 b
.735 .752
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 1.840 1 .175 .178 .171 .186
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 21 cells (46.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .65.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.357.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .086 .097 .091 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 21 cells (46.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .65.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.357.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .059 .028 2.079
Experience in VSP
Dependent .121 .050 2.303
P5ASC Dependent .010 .021 .481
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .034 .012
P5ASC Dependent .005 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 152
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .038
Experience in VSP
Dependent .021
P5ASC Dependent .631
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .680 c .698 d
P5ASC Dependent .655 c .611 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P5ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .689 .707
P5ASC Dependent .601 .620
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .253 .683 .707 a .698 .716
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 153
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 28.964 a
24 .221 .221 b
.213 .229
Likelihood Ratio 30.920 24 .156 .230 b .221 .238
Fisher's Exact Test 28.354 .214 b
.206 .222
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .464 1 .496 .502 .492 .512
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 15 cells (38.5%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 1.30.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.681.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .244 .261 .253 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 15 cells (38.5%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is 1.30.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.681.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .069 .027 2.535
Experience in VSP
Dependent .129 .050 2.422
P5BSC Dependent .023 .017 1.351
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .041 .014
P5BSC Dependent .007 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 154
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .011
Experience in VSP
Dependent .015
P5BSC Dependent .177
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .222 c .211 d
P5BSC Dependent .196 c .218 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P5BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .203 .219
P5BSC Dependent .210 .226
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .276 .221 .221 a .213 .229
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 155
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 31.484 a
38 .763 .808 b
.800 .815
Likelihood Ratio 34.233 38 .644 .796 b .788 .804
Fisher's Exact Test 30.743 .795 b
.787 .803
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .243 1 .622 .623 .613 .632
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 27 cells (45.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .493.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .308 .327 .317 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 27 cells (45.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .493.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .071 .028 2.485
Experience in VSP
Dependent .142 .043 3.120
P6ASC Dependent .016 .025 .651
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .045 .012
P6ASC Dependent .004 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 156
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .013
Experience in VSP
Dependent .002
P6ASC Dependent .515
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .765 c .808 d
P6ASC Dependent .833 c .772 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P6ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .800 .815
P6ASC Dependent .764 .780
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .287 .763 .808 a .800 .815
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 157
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 25.003 a
34 .869 .905 b
.899 .910
Likelihood Ratio 26.875 34 .802 .906 b .900 .912
Fisher's Exact Test 25.206 .880 b
.873 .886
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .024 1 .877 .876 .870 .883
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 21 cells (38.9%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.155.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .433 .453 .443 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 21 cells (38.9%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.155.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .050 .020 2.416
Experience in VSP
Dependent .116 .046 2.416
P6BSC Dependent .000 .000 .c
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .036 .012
P6BSC Dependent .004 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 158
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .016
Experience in VSP
Dependent .016
P6BSC Dependent .c

Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP


tau Dependent .868 d .902 e
P6BSC Dependent .911 d .865 e
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P6BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .896 .908
P6BSC Dependent .858 .872
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Cannot be computed because the asymptotic standard error equals zero.
d. Based on chi-square approximation
e. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .258 .869 .905 a .899 .910
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 159
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 31.715 a
32 .481 .494 b
.484 .504
Likelihood Ratio 35.442 32 .309 .462 b .452 .472
Fisher's Exact Test 30.561 .461 b
.452 .471
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .200 1 .655 .657 .647 .666
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 27 cells (52.9%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .447.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .319 .337 .328 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 27 cells (52.9%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .447.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .080 .024 3.231
Experience in VSP
Dependent .134 .042 2.979
P7BSC Dependent .038 .021 1.817
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .045 .011
P7BSC Dependent .007 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 160
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .001
Experience in VSP
Dependent .003
P7BSC Dependent .069
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .484 c .491 d
P7BSC Dependent .194 c .243 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P7BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .481 .500
P7BSC Dependent .235 .252
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .288 .481 .494 a .484 .504
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 161
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 48.713 a
32 .030 .018 b
.015 .020
Likelihood Ratio 53.455 32 .010 .020 b .017 .023
Fisher's Exact Test 45.363 .021 b
.018 .024
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .078 1 .780 .778 .769 .786
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 24 cells (47.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .279.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .382 .401 .392 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 24 cells (47.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .279.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .107 .033 3.145
Experience in VSP
Dependent .207 .051 3.710
P7ASC Dependent .027 .029 .944
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .069 .017
P7ASC Dependent .010 .004
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 162
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .002
Experience in VSP
Dependent .000
P7ASC Dependent .345
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .031 c .017 d
P7ASC Dependent .007 c .028 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P7ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .014 .019
P7ASC Dependent .024 .031
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .350 .030 .018 a .015 .020
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 163
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 34.280 a
30 .270 .258 b
.249 .266
Likelihood Ratio 35.035 30 .241 .353 b .343 .362
Fisher's Exact Test 33.428 .233 b
.225 .241
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .567 1 .452 .464 .454 .474
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 21 cells (43.8%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .753.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .222 .239 .231 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 21 cells (43.8%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .753.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .083 .028 2.937
Experience in VSP
Dependent .164 .050 3.044
P8ASC Dependent .020 .019 1.062
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .049 .015
P8ASC Dependent .008 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 164
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .003
Experience in VSP
Dependent .002
P8ASC Dependent .288
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .276 c .262 d
P8ASC Dependent .101 c .138 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P8ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .253 .270
P8ASC Dependent .131 .144
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .299 .270 .258 a .249 .266
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 165
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 18.790 a
28 .905 .932 b
.927 .937
Likelihood Ratio 19.274 28 .889 .946 b .942 .951
Fisher's Exact Test 18.230 .939 b
.934 .943
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .000 1 .994 .994 .993 .996
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 18 cells (40.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .008.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .488 .507 .498 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 18 cells (40.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .008.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .051 .029 1.747
Experience in VSP
Dependent .108 .052 1.969
P8BSC Dependent .007 .021 .324
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .027 .011
P8BSC Dependent .003 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 166
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .081
Experience in VSP
Dependent .049
P8BSC Dependent .746
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .905 c .935 d
P8BSC Dependent .976 c .942 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P8BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .930 .940
P8BSC Dependent .938 .947
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .226 .905 .932 a .927 .937
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 167
Crosstab

Count
P9ASC
30 32.5 35 37.5 40 42.5 45 47.5
Experience in VSP 1-10 1 0 2 1 1 7 9 8
10-20 0 1 1 2 3 5 6 14
20-30 0 0 2 2 1 1 0 8
Total 1 1 5 5 5 13 15 30

Crosstab

Count
P9ASC
50 52.5 55 57.5 60 62.5 65 67.5
Experience in VSP 1-10 9 20 12 13 10 6 6 4
10-20 8 18 12 10 9 6 6 9
20-30 19 16 16 11 14 6 7 4
Total 36 54 40 34 33 18 19 17

Crosstab

Count
P9ASC
70 72.5 75 80 Total
Experience in VSP 1-10 4 3 1 1 118
10-20 4 1 2 1 118
20-30 2 3 2 0 114
Total 10 7 5 2 350

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 37.062 a
38 .513 .524 b
.515 .534
Likelihood Ratio 42.693 38 .276 .444 b .435 .454
Fisher's Exact Test 38.311 .378 b
.369 .388
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .860 1 .354 .367 .358 .377
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 31 cells (51.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .927.

Page 168
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .174 .190 .182 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 31 cells (51.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .927.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .072 .027 2.636
Experience in VSP
Dependent .151 .047 3.007
P9ASC Dependent .010 .020 .507
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .053 .014
P9ASC Dependent .006 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 169
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .008
Experience in VSP
Dependent .003
P9ASC Dependent .612
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .525 c .530 d
P9ASC Dependent .339 c .349 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P9ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .520 .540
P9ASC Dependent .339 .358
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .309 .513 .524 a .515 .534
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 170
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 35.496 a
40 .673 .716 b
.707 .725
Likelihood Ratio 40.323 40 .456 .692 b .683 .701
Fisher's Exact Test 33.021 .762 b
.754 .771
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .729 1 .393 .402 .392 .412
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 36 cells (57.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.854.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .198 .214 .206 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 36 cells (57.1%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.854.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .079 .032 2.421
Experience in VSP
Dependent .138 .050 2.603
P9BSC Dependent .034 .028 1.181
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .051 .012
P9BSC Dependent .005 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 171
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .015
Experience in VSP
Dependent .009
P9BSC Dependent .238
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .670 c .707 d
P9BSC Dependent .811 c .718 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P9BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .698 .716
P9BSC Dependent .709 .726
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .303 .673 .716 a .707 .725
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

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Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 20.069 a
28 .862 .916 b
.910 .921
Likelihood Ratio 21.857 28 .788 .913 b .908 .919
Fisher's Exact Test 18.622 .941 b
.936 .945
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .184 1 .668 .678 .669 .687
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 18 cells (40.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .429.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .336 .355 .346 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 18 cells (40.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is .429.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .042 .026 1.569
Experience in VSP
Dependent .078 .046 1.636
P10ASC Dependent .014 .020 .667
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .029 .009
P10ASC Dependent .003 .002
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

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Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .117
Experience in VSP
Dependent .102
P10ASC Dependent .505
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .863 c .916 d
P10ASC Dependent .995 c .979 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P10ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .911 .922
P10ASC Dependent .976 .982
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .233 .862 .916 a .910 .921
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

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Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 25.904 a
26 .468 .479 b
.469 .489
Likelihood Ratio 26.787 26 .421 .577 b .567 .587
Fisher's Exact Test 25.150 .466 b
.456 .475
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 1.955 1 .162 .161 .154 .168
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 15 cells (35.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.398.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .077 .088 .082 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 15 cells (35.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is 1.398.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .074 .029 2.514
Experience in VSP
Dependent .134 .046 2.759
P10BSC Dependent .027 .029 .931
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .037 .013
P10BSC Dependent .007 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

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Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .012
Experience in VSP
Dependent .006
P10BSC Dependent .352
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .471 c .480 d
P10BSC Dependent .277 c .300 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P10BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .470 .490
P10BSC Dependent .291 .309
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .263 .468 .479 a .469 .489
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

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Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 26.981 a
34 .798 .838 b
.831 .846
Likelihood Ratio 29.565 34 .685 .846 b .839 .853
Fisher's Exact Test 26.835 .804 b
.797 .812
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association .394 1 .530 .526 .516 .535
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 24 cells (44.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.628.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .256 .273 .265 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 24 cells (44.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -.628.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .077 .033 2.243
Experience in VSP
Dependent .142 .059 2.267
P11ASC Dependent .026 .026 1.001
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .038 .013
P11ASC Dependent .006 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 177
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .025
Experience in VSP
Dependent .023
P11ASC Dependent .317
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .803 c .842 d
P11ASC Dependent .511 c .492 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P11ASC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .835 .850
P11ASC Dependent .482 .501
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .268 .798 .838 a .831 .846
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 178
Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (2-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Asymp. Sig.
Value df (2-sided) Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Pearson Chi-Square 41.247 a
36 .252 .245 b
.237 .253
Likelihood Ratio 45.220 36 .139 .271 b .262 .280
Fisher's Exact Test 37.861 .290 b
.281 .299
Linear-by-Linear c b
Association 2.191 1 .139 .138 .131 .144
N of Valid Cases 350

a. 27 cells (47.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.480.

Chi-Square Tests

Monte Carlo Sig. (1-sided)


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound Sig.
Pearson Chi-Square
Likelihood Ratio
Fisher's Exact Test
Linear-by-Linear
Association .064 .074 .069 b
N of Valid Cases
a. 27 cells (47.4%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count
is .33.
b. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.
c. The standardized statistic is -1.480.

Directional Measures

Asymp. Std.
Value Errora Approx. Tb
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .072 .025 2.833
Experience in VSP
Dependent .155 .042 3.428
P11BSC Dependent .007 .019 .343
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .059 .014
P11BSC Dependent .006 .003
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 179
Directional Measures

Monte
Carlo
Sig.

Approx. Sig. Sig.


Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .005
Experience in VSP
Dependent .001
P11BSC Dependent .732
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .253 c .238 d
P11BSC Dependent .311 c .341 d
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Directional Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric
Experience in VSP
Dependent
P11BSC Dependent
Goodman and Kruskal Experience in VSP
tau Dependent .230 .247
P11BSC Dependent .331 .350
a. Not assuming the null hypothesis.
b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.
c. Based on chi-square approximation
d. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Symmetric Measures

Monte Carlo Sig.


95% Confidence Interval
Value Approx. Sig. Sig. Lower Bound Upper Bound
Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .325 .252 .245 a .237 .253
N of Valid Cases 350
a. Based on 10000 sampled tables with starting seed 605580418.

Page 180