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EXAM 1

Honors Chemistry
November, 2017

On this work I have upheld Grotons Honor Code.

NAME:

Problem Score
1. __________ / 20
2. __________ / 20
3. __________ / 20
4. __________ / 20
5. __________ / 20
Bonus ________ / 5

___________________ / 100
Honors Chemistry 2017
Exam 1 1
Name the following compounds and molecules. (1 pts each)
a. CaCl2 ________________________________ f. Beryllium hydroxide ________________________

b. N2 O ________________________________ g. Titanium(IV) carbide ________________________

c. NiSO4 ________________________________ h. Boron trichloride ________________________

d. Sc(NO3)3 ________________________________ i. Ammonium phosphate ________________________

Set up the conversion to solve the following problems. (4 pts each)


k. How many grams of oxygen are in a 0.155 mol Ba(NO3)2?

l. What is the concentration of glycerol, in mol/L, of a 50% by volume glycerol solution?


Information. glycerol density = 1.26 g/mL, glycerol (C3H8O3) = 92.094 g/mol

m. How many milliliters of 0.025 mol/L H2SO4 do you need to add to 303 mL of 2.05 mol/L HCl so that the final
concentration of H+ is 0.42 mol/L?

________ / 20 pts
Honors Chemistry 2017
Exam 1 2
Provide the following information for each atom. (2 pts each)
A = atomic mass N = neutrons Z = protons e- = electrons

a. 26Mg in MgCl2.
A = ______ N = ______ Z = ______ e- = ______ Symbol = ______

b. The anion X in K2X with an atomic mass of 32 amu and 16 neutrons.

A = ______ N = ______ Z = ______ e- = ______ Symbol = ______

c. The cation X in XCO3 with 37 neutrons and 28 electrons.

A = ______ N = ______ Z = ______ e- = ______ Symbol = ______

d. An anion that has a minus one charge and 9 protons.

A = ______ N = ______ Z = ______ e- = ______ Symbol = ______

e. This cation is stable with an atomic mass of 42 amu and is commonly found with +2 charge in water.

A = ______ N = ______ Z = ______ e- = ______ Symbol = ______

Fill in the blanks and label the type of decay for each step in the following radioactive decay pathway. (3 pts each)

f. - _______
204Tl _______ + _______ 200Hg-2 + _______

g. _______ _______
_______ 227Th+ + _______ _______ + 4He+2

h. _______
a
_______ 204Pb- + e+ _______ + _______

________ / 20 pts
Honors Chemistry 2017
Exam 1 3
Suppose you collected Re-Os isotope data from two sets of rocks 0.024
in the Klamath mountains of southwestern Oregon.
0.022
-
187Re 187Os + e- 0.020
t = 4.12 1010 years
0.018 Rock 1

/ 188Os
Answer the following questions based on the data in the graph. 0.016
Rock 2

187Os
a. Which of the following two rock samples is older? Briefly Rock 1
0.014
explain your reasoning. (5 pts) Slope = 0.001095
Intercept = 0.001055
0.012
Rock 2
0.010 Slope = 0.003792
Intercept = 0.003550
0.008
0 5 10 15 20
187Re / 188Os

b. Calculate the difference in age between the two rock samples. (15 pts)
Information. 187Re t = 4.12 1010 years

t (years)

________ / 20 pts
Honors Chemistry 2017
Exam 1 4
Suppose you confiscate a small baggy of white crytalline powder from your younger brother. Combustion analysis of
0.0500 grams of the substance produces 0.144 g CO2 and 0.0375 g H2O.

Does the baggy contain fentanyl or glucose? Provide an answer based on analysis of the data provided. (20 pts)
O OH
O HO

N N
HO OH
Fentanyl Glucose OH
C22H28N2O C6H12O6

________ / 20 pts
Honors Chemistry 2017
Exam 1 5
Below are electrospray ionization quadrupole mass spectra for acetic acid (C2H4O2) and hydroxyacetadlehyde (C2H4O2).
O H H

H C H H C O
C O O C

H H H
Acetic Acid Hydroxyacetaldehyde

a. Based on the fragmentation patterns assign each of the mass spectra. Briefly explain your logic. (10 pts)

b. Assign the labeled peaks in the mass spectra by writing the chemical formula above the label. (1 pt each)

MS 1
31

29

15 42 60

15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
Mass (amu)

MS 2
43
45

60

15
29

5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
Mass (amu)
________ / 20 pts
Honors Chemistry 2017
Exam 1 Bonus
Identify the reaction type.
Balance the equation.
Complete the R.I.C.E. table

Reaction Type :
Reaction Conditions : 0.250 L of 6.20 M ammonium sulfate are combined with 0.400 L of 1.375 M magnesium methoxide.

R: ___ (NH4)2SO4 (aq) + ___ Mg(CH3O)2 (aq) ___ MgSO4 (aq) + ___ NH3 (aq) + ___ CH3OH (aq)
I:
C:
E:

Reaction Type :

R: ___ KMnO4 (aq) + ___ PH3 (aq) ___ MnO2 (s) + ___ K3PO4 (aq) + ___ K2HPO4 (aq) + ___ H2O (l)
I: 0.400 mol 0.170 mol 0.00 mol 0.00 mol 0.00 mol 5.50 mol
C:
E: 5.70 mol

________ / 4 pts
Honors Chemistry 2017
Exam 1 Bonus
Draw the Feynman diagram(s) for the strong nuclear interaction in deuterium.

________ / 1 pt
NLV
Group I Group II Group III Group IV Group V Group VI Group VII Group VIII
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1 2
Period 1

H He
Hydrogen Helium
1.008
Atomic # 4.003
2.2
3 4
SYMBOL 5 6 7 8 9 10
Period 2

Li Be B C N O F Ne
Lithium Beryllium
Element Name Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
6.940 9.012 10.810 12.011 14.007 15.999 18.998 20.180
0.98 1.57
Weight (g/mol) 2.04 2.55 3.04 3.44 3.98
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Electronegativity (EN)
Period 3

Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
22.990 24.305 26.982 28.085 30.974 32.060 35.450 39.948
0.93 1.31 1.61 1.9 2.19 2.58 3.16
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36
Period 4

K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
39.098 40.078 44.956 47.867 50.942 51.996 54.938 55.845 58.933 58.693 63.546 65.380 69.723 72.630 74.922 78.960 79.904 83.798
0.82 1 1.36 1.54 1.63 1.66 1.55 1.83 1.88 1.91 1.9 1.65 1.81 2.01 2.18 2.55 2.96 3
37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54
Period 5

Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
85.468 87.620 88.906 91.224 92.906 95.960 [98]1 101.070 102.906 106.420 107.868 112.411 114.818 118.710 121.760 127.600 126.904 131.293
0.82 0.95 1.22 1.33 1.6 2.16 1.9 2.2 2.28 2.2 1.93 1.69 1.78 1.96 2.05 2.1 2.66 2.6
55 56 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86
Period 6

Cs Ba Lu Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn
Caesium Barium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
132.905 137.327 174.967 178.490 180.948 183.840 186.207 190.230 192.217 195.084 196.967 200.590 204.380 207.200 208.980 [209]1 [210]1 [222]1
0.79 0.89 1.27 1.3 1.5 2.36 1.9 2.2 2.2 2.28 2.54 2 1.62 2.33 2.02 2 2.2
87 88 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118
Period 7

Fr Ra Lr Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og
Francium Radium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson
[223]1 [226]1 [262]1 [267]1 [268]1 [269]1 [270]1 [269]1 [278]1 [281]1 [281]1 [285]1 [286]1 288.186 288.192 292.200 292.207 [294]1
0.7 0.9 1.3
57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70
La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb
Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium
138.905 140.116 140.908 144.242 [145]1 150.360 151.964 157.250 158.925 162.500 164.930 167.259 168.934 173.054

89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102
Ac Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No
Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium
[227]1 232.038 231.036 238.029 [237]1 [244]1 [243]1 [247]1 [247]1 [251]1 [252]1 [257]1 [258]1 [259]1

Honors Chemistry
Exam 1 Useful Information
Electromagnetic Radiation (light)
c = c = speed of light, = wavelength, = frequency

Energy = E = h n E = energy, h = Plancks constant, n = frequency

Classical Mechanics

l
Velocity v= v = velocity, l = length, t = time
t

at2
Diffraction D= D = diffraction, a = acceleration, t = time
2

Mechanical Force F = ma m = mass, a = acceleration

Electrical Force FE = qE q = charge of particle, E = strength of electrical field

Magnetic Force FB = qvB q = charge of particle, v = velocity of particle, B = magnetic field strength

Relativity E = mc2 E = energy, m = mass, c = speed of light

mv2
Kinetic Energy (KE) = m = mass, v = velocity
2

q 1q 2
Electrostatic Energy (PE) = q = charge of ion, = 3.14, o = Permittivity of vacuum, r = distance between ions
4or

Nuclear Decay

d No NF = Final amount of Parent Nuclide, No = Initial amount of Parent Nuclide


No = Nfet ln = t
N = -lN Nf = decay constant, t = time
dt

DF = Do + No - NF NF = Final amount of Parent Nuclide, No = Initial amount of Parent Nuclide,


DF = Final amount of Daughter Nuclide, Do = Initial amount of Daughter Nuclide,

RD = RDo + RN(et - 1) RD = Ratio of daughter nuclide to a stable isotope


RDo = Ratio of initial amount of daughter nuclide to a stable isotope
RN = Ratio of parent nuclide to a stable isotope
= decay constant, t = time

Constants Metric Prefixes

Electron mass (me) = 9.109381910-31 kg peta P 11015

tera T 11012
Avogadros Number (NA) = 6.0221408571023 things = 1mol
giga G 1109
Permittivity of vacuum (o) = 8.8541878210-12 C2J-1m-1
mega M 1106
Plancks constant (h) = 6.6260689610-34 Js
kilo k 1103
Speed of light (c) = 2.99792458108 m/s 1100

Terrestrial Gravity (g) = 9.80665 ms-2 milli m 110-3

Universal Gas Constant (R) = 8.314472 Jmol-1K-1 micro 110-6

Universal Gas Constant (R) = 0.0820574 L atm mol-1K-1 nano n 110-9

Angstrom 110-10
Rydberg (Ry) = 2.1798710-18 J
pico p 110-12
Life/Universe/Everything (J) = 42
femto f 110-15