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Suppose that you have the following set of numbers: 8, 2, 5, 3, 6, 7, 4, 5.

1. The value of the mean is ..

(A) 5 (B) 4.25 (C) 4 (D) 6.1

2. The value of the mode is ..

(A) 2 (B) 5 (C) 4 (D) 3

3. The value of the first quartile (Q1) is ..

(A) 2.5 (B) 3.5 (C) 2 (D) 3.25

4. The value of the interquartile range (IQR) is ...

(A) 3.15 (B) 4 (C) 3 (D) 3.5

5. The value of the variance is ..

(A) 5.5 (B) 5 (C) 4.5 (D) 4

6. The value of the midrange is ..

(A) 4 (B) 5.5 (C) 5 (D) 4.5

7. The value of the coefficient of variation is ..

(A) 55.4 % (B) 55 % (C) 40 % (D) 50 %

8. From the values of the mean, median, and mode, you can conclude that the

distribution of these data is ..

(A) positively skewed. (C) negatively skewed.

(B) symmetric. (D) left-skewed.

9. The distribution of these data is called .. distribution.

(A) bimodal (B) trimodal (C) unimodal (D) multimodal

10. If we have measured the weights of a sample of 50 persons and computed their

median, this will be an example of .. statistics.

(A) descriptive (B) inferential (C) predictive (D) population

11. Nationality is an example of what level of measurement?

(A) ordinal (B) nominal (C) ratio (D) interval

Use the following frequency distribution to answer questions (12-17).

Class Limits 40-50 50-60 60-70 70-80 80-90 Total

Frequency 3 4 6 5 2 20

12. The number of classes is ..

(A) 3 (B) 6 (C) 4 (D) 5

13. What is the width of the class 60 -70?

(A) 15 (B) 10 (C) 20 (D) 5

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14. The modal class is ..

(A) 70 - 80 (B) 60 - 70 (C) 50 - 60 (D) 40 - 50

(A) 50 (B) 45 (C) 40 (D) 55

16. Using the class 70 - 80, the lower class limit, and the class midpoint are

and , respectively.

(A) 69.5, 75 (B) 69.75, 70 (C) 80, 70 (D) 70, 75

(A) 16 (B) 12 (C) 18 (D) 17

18. When data are categorized as Saudi, Egyptian, Syrian, and Sudanese, the most

appropriate measure of central tendency is the

(A) mean (B) median (C) midrange (D) mode

19. The distribution of statistics scores is ..

(A) positively skewed. (C) negatively skewed.

(B) right-skewed. (D) symmetric.

20. What do you expect for the values of the mean, median, and mode?

(A) mean = median (C) mean < median

(B) mean > median (D) mean = mode

21. If a student scored 80 points on a test where the mean was 75 and the student's

z-score was 0.5, then the standard deviation, s, must be ..

(A) 10 (B) 12 (C) 8 (D) 15

-2-

22. When the distribution is normal or bell-shaped, if a data value is not within the

_ _

range [x 3s , x + 3s], then this value is called ..

(A) the third quartile (B) an outlier (C) the first quartile (D) the midrange

variable.

(A) continuous (C) discrete

(B) continuous and quantitative (D) discrete and qualitative

24. The most appropriate measure of central tendency for the values 2, 3, 6, and

100 is the ..

(A) mean (B) median (C) mode (D) midrange

25. If a variable can take any value between 0 and 15, then this variable is called

a .. variable.

(A) continuous (C) discrete and quantitative

(B) discrete (D) continuous and qualitative

26. When we want to compare the variability of students' weights and heights, we

should use the ..

(A) variance (B) range (C) standard deviation (D) coefficient of variation

27. What is the statistical term for the mean that is obtained by using the data

values of a sample drawn from a specific population.

(A) parameter (B) statistic (C) variable (D) quantity

28. If a researcher would like to determine the effect of height on weight, then

height is called a (an) .. variable.

(A) dependent (B) outcome (C) confounding (D) independent

29. Except for rounding error, relative frequencies should add up to what sum?

(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 50 (D) 100

30. If the mean of 10 values is 50, then the sum of the values is ..

(A) 400 (B) 600 (C) 450 (D) 500

31. The slope of the regression line y' = 10 - 3x is:

(A) 2 (B) 5 (C) -5 (D) -3

32. A researcher wants to determine if there is a linear relationship between the number

of hours a person goes without sleep (x) and the number of mistakes he makes on

a simple test (y). The following data are recorded.

n = 6 , x = 24 , y = 36 , xy = 124 , x2 = 106

The equation of the regression line is:

(A) y' = 2 14x (C) y' = 14 2x

(B) y' = -2 + 14x (D) y' = -14 + 2x

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33. Determine the type of relationship shown in the figure below.

34. The correlation coefficient between the amount of fats which a person

eats and his or her weight may be:

(A) close to -1 (B) close to 2 (C) close to 1 (D) 0

35. An emergency service center wishes to see whether a relationship between the

outside temperature (x) and the number of emergency calls (y) exists.

The data are shown here:

n = 5 x = 9 y = 17 xy = 28 x2 = 23 y2 = 71

Compute the value of the correlation coefficient.

(A) -0.274 (B) 0.247 (C) 0.274 (D) -0.275

The equation of the regression line between a person's age in years (x) and the

number of hours he exercises per week (y) is given by: y' = 25 0.4 x.

Use the above equation to answer the questions (36-37).

36. The correct statement that represents the relationship between (x) and (y) is:

(A) When the number of hours he exercises increases by 1 hour, his age increases

by 0.4 years.

(B) When the number of hours he exercises decreases by 1 hour, his age

decreases by 25 on average.

(C) When a person's age increases by 1 year, the number of hours he

exercises decreases by 0.4 on average.

(D) When a persons's age Increases by 1 year, the number of hours he

exercises increases by 0.4 on average.

37. Predict the number of hours a person exercises per week when his age is 50 years.

(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 3 (D) 1.5

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In the study of the relationship between the number of absences (x) and the final

grade (y) of 6 students in the statistics class, the data are shown as follows.

x = 42 , y = 470 , xy = 3143 , x2 = 354 , y2 = 37358

Answer the following two questions (38 -39)

38. The slope of the regression line is

(A) 3.45 (B) -2.45 (C) -3.45 (D) 2.45

(A) -0.82 (B) 1 (C) 0.92 (D) 0.82

40. If the correlation coefficient (r) equals 0.6, then the relationship can be described

as ..

(A) weak and linear. (B) moderate and nonlinear.

(C) positive, strong and nonlinear. (D) positive, moderate and linear.

41. As x increase, y decrease and vice versa. Then, the relationship between the two

variables, x and y, can be described as:

(A) positive relationship (B) negative relationship

(C) no relationship (D) (A) and (B)

(A) -1 to 2 (B) -1 to 1 (C) -2 to 1 (D) -2 to 2

43. If the value of the correlation coefficient equals 0.9, then the type of the

relationship is:

(A) strong negative (C) weak positive

(B) strong positive (D) moderate negative

Answer questions (44-46).

44. What is the probability of getting a 4?

(A) 5/6 (B) 2/6 (C) 1/6 (D) 6/6

(A) 1/6 (B) 3/6 (C) 4/6 (D) 2/6

(A) 1/2 (B) 1 (C) 2/3 (D) 1/3

47. Two fair dice are rolled. What is the probability of getting a sum of 3?

(A) 5/18 (B) 2/9 (C) 5/36 (D) 1/18

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A card is drawn from an ordinary deck.

Answer questions (48-50).

48. What is the probability of getting a 5.

(A) 5/52 (B) 2/26 (C) 3/26 (D) 5/13

(A) 3/13 (B) 5/52 (C) 2/13 (D) 4/13

50. What is the probability of getting a picture card?

(A) 3/13 (B) 5/26 (C) 1/13 (D) 6/13

51. A box contains 2 black balls and 3 red balls. One ball is randomly selected. Find

the probability of obtaining a black ball.

(A) 3/5 (B) 2/5 (C) 3/10 (D) 4/5

A survey of a sample of undergraduate students in the faculty of Science in

a university revealed the following regarding the gender and majors of the

students:

Gender Major

Biology Physics Mathematics Total

Male 22 10 8 40

Female 3 5 2 10

Total 25 15 10 50

A student is randomly selected, use the above table to answer questions (52-55)

52. The probability of selecting a male student is

(A) 3/5 (B) 4/5 (C) 1/5 (D) 3/10

53. The probability of selecting a biology or physics major is ..

(A) 4/5 (B) 2/5 (C) 5/8 (D) 7/10

54. The probability of selecting a male or a mathematics major is ..

(A) 14/25 (B) 21/25 (C) 3/5 (D) 16/25

55. The probability of selecting a biology major, given that the student selected is

a female is ..

(A) 1/2 (B) 3/10 (C) 1/3 (D) 1/4

56. The mean of the number of spots that appear when a die is tossed is ..

(A) 2.5 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 3.5

57. Which of the following probability values would complete the following

probability distribution?

x 0 1 2 3

P(x) 1/8 3/8 k 1/4

(A) 1/8 (B) 3/8 (C) 1/4 (D) 1/2

-6-

Let X denote the number of accidents that occur in a city during a week. The

following table lists the probability distribution of X.

Number of accidents 3 4 5 6

Probability P(x) 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Use the probability distribution given above to answer questions (58-59).

58. The mean of the distribution is ..

(A) 3.5 (B) 4.5 (C) 2.5 (D) 3

(A) 1.05 (B) 0.89 (C) 0.85 (D) 1.02

60. A survey found that 2 out of 5 students say that they like statistics course. If 3

students are selected at random, find the probability that exactly one student would

have liked the statistics course.

(A) 0.525 (B) 0.455 (C) 0.432 (D) 0.345

61. If 20% of T.V.s are defective , the mean and standard deviation of the

number of defective T.V.s for a sample of 100 T.V.s are .. and ..,

respectively.

(A) 20 and 4 (B) 25 and 4 (C) 20 and 16 (D) 25 and 16

62. If a player rolls one die and gets 6, he wins $120. The cost to play the game is $15.

What is the expected value of his gain?

(A) $6 (B) $8 (C) $5 (D) $3

63. If a player draws a card from an ordinary deck and gets 10, he wins $104. If he gets

a picture, he looses $26. What is the expected value of his gain?

(A) $4 (B) $2 (C) $6 (D) $8

64. How many different 2-digit numbers can be formed from the digits in the

number 235?

(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 3

65. How many different tests can be made from a test bank of 5 questions if the test

consists of 4 questions?

(A) 4 (B) 6 (C) 3 (D) 5

Use the following to answer Questions (66-70):

The probability that Student A will pass the statistics exam is 0.8, and the

probability that student B will pass the same exam is 0.6. Find the following

probabilities:

66. Both students (A and B) will pass the exam.

(A) 0.16 (B) 0.72 (C) 0.80 (D) 0.48

-7-

67. Only one of them will pass the exam.

(A) 0.35 (B) 0.44 (C) 0.36 (D) 0.40

68. Student A will pass the exam and Student B will fail the exam.

(A) 0.27 (B) 0.07 (C) 0.63 (D) 0.32

(A) 0.95 (B) 0.85 (C) 0.92 (D) 0.80

(A) 0.08 (B) 0.50 (C) 0.52 (D) 0.10

71. If X is a discrete random variable with [x2P(x)] = 30 and E(x) = 5. The variance

of the probability distribution of X is ..

(A) 2 (B) 1.5 (C) 3 (D) 5

Two dice, A and B, are rolled. Let X represents the sum of the two numbers of

spots that will appear. Answer questions (72-74).

72. What is the probability of X = 5 is?

(A) 4/36 (B) 1/12 (C) 3/18 (D) 5/6

(A) 3/4 (B) 1/2 (C) 5/18 (D) 1/4

(A) 1/6 (B) 5/6 (C) 7/36 (D) 1/2

75. A coin is rolled three times, the probability of getting two tails is ..

(A) 1/2 (B) 3/4 (C) 5/8 (D) 3/8

(A) 5/72 (B) 1/24 (C) 5/36 (D) 1/18

(A) must be fixed (B) are dependent (C) are unlimited (D) are independent

(A) Asking 5 people if they are smokers.

(B) Rolling a die to see the number of spots appear on the die.

(C) Drawing two balls without replacement from a box contains 2 white balls, 5

red balls, and 3 black balls.

(D) Asking 50 people which brand of cigarettes they smoke.

-8-

In questions (79-81), find probabilities, for each using the standard normal

distribution.

79. P(z < 1.25)

(A) 0.8944 (B) 0.9944 (C) 0.5845 (D) 0.8499

(A) 0.0065 (B) 0.0075 (C) 0.9935 (D) 0.9925

(A) 0.1425 (B) 0.8625 (C) 0.1359 (D) 0.1375

Find the area under the standard normal curve for questions (82) and (83).

82. To the left of z = 1.96.

(A) 0.95 (B) 0.0975 (C) 0.0925 (D) 0.975

(A) 0.9486 (B) 0.0514 (C) 0.9846 (D) 0.0154

(A) 1 (B) 0 (C) 10 (D) 2

85. Approximately what percentage of normally distributed data values will fall within

1 standard deviation above or below the mean?

(A) 95% (B) 68% (C) 99.7% (D) 99%

(A) it's symmetric about the mean. (B) it's bell-shaped.

(C) it's unimodal. (D) it's skewed to the right.

(A) The population standard deviation.

(B) The population standard deviation divided by the population mean

(C) The square root of the population standard deviation.

(D) The population standard deviation divided by the square root of the

sample size.

a standard deviation of 10. Find the probabilities for questions (88 to 91).

88. P(X < 75)

(A) 0.0668 (B) 0.8557 (C) 0.9332 (D) 0.9475

(A) 0.9772 (B) 0.9975 (C) 0.9995 (D) 0.0228

-9-

90. P(65 < X < 80)

(A) 0.2857 (B) 0.7143 (C) 0.2975 (D) 0.7025

(A) 0 (B) 0.25 (C) 1 (D) 0.5

The time T1 to travel from A to B through city centre (road R1) is normally

distributed with a mean of 20 minutes and a standard deviation of 5 minutes. The

time T2 to travel from A to B through a new ring road (road R2) is normally

distributed with a mean of 15 minutes and a standard deviation of 8 minutes. You

have 17 minutes to travel from A to B on an important appointment. Using this

information, solve questions (92 to 94).

92. P(T1 > 17)

(A) 0.2743 (B) 0.2347 (C) 0.4723 (D) 0.4327

(A) 0.0031 (B) 0.0013 (C) 0.4013 (D) 0.4031

(A) R1 is better than R2. (B) Both R1 and R2 are the same.

(C) R2 is better than R1. (D) Insufficient information to make a decision.

(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 0.5 (D) 2

96. Approximately what percentage of normally distributed data values will fall

within 2 standard deviation above or below the mean?

(A) 95% (B) 68% (C) 99.7% (D) 99%

(A) skewed to the right. (B) skewed to the left.

(C) symmetric. (D) asymmetric.

The time (X) needed to complete a final examination in a particular college course

is normally distributed with a mean of 60 minutes and a standard deviation of 10

minutes.

Answer questions (98 to 100).

98. What is the probability of completing the exam in less than 70 minutes?

(A) 0.1587 (B) 0.9655 (C) 0.8413 (D) 0.0345

99. What is the probability that a student will complete the exam in more than 75

minutes but less than 80 minutes?

(A) 0.9965 (B) 0.0404 (C) 0.9956 (D) 0.0044

- 11 -

100. The best point estimate of the population mean is the .

(A) sample mean. (B) sample median.

(C) sample mode. (D) sample midrange.

A research firm conducted a survey to determine the mean amount smokers spend

on cigarettes during a day. A sample of 100 smokers revealed that the sample

mean is $5 and sample standard deviation is $ 2. Assume that the sample was

drawn from a normal population.

Answer questions (101-104).

101. The point estimate of the population mean is ..

(A) 2 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 100

102. The lower limit of the 95% confidence interval for the population mean is ..

(A) 4.5 (B) 5.5 (C) 4.6 (D) 5.6

103. The upper limit of the 95% confidence interval for the population mean is ..

(A) 5.2 (B) 5.5 (C) 6.2 (D) 5.4

104. The width of the 95% confidence interval for the population mean is

(A) 0.8 (B) 1 (C) 1.2 (D) 0.6

(A) 0.6 (B) 0.4 (C) 0.5 (D) 0.8

interval with n being the same. The maximum error of estimate will be .

(A) smaller. (B) larger. (C) the same. (D) It cannot be determined.

If one wishes to test the claim that the mean of the population is 50.

Answer questions (107-108).

107. The appropriate null hypothesis is ..

(A) 50 (B) 50 (C) 50 (D) = 50

(A) 50 (B) 50 (C) 50 (D) = 50

A researcher wishes to test the claim that the average productivity of items

produced per hour by a machine is 50 units per hour. This machine was observed

for 64 hours, and the average productivity of items produced per hour and the

standard deviation were found to be 53 and 10, respectively.

To test the validity of this claim, and using = 0.05, Answer questions (109-112).

109. The null and alternative hypotheses are ..

(A) (B) (C) (D)

H0: = 50 H0: = 52 H0: = 52 H0: = 50

H1: 52 H1: 50 H1: 50 H1: 50

- 11 -

110. The critical value of the test statistic is .

(A) 1.5 (B) 2 (C) 2.5 (D) 3

(A) 2.5 (B) 3.2 (C) 2.4 (D) 2.6

(A) the claim is valid. (C) the claim is not valid (invalid).

(B) support the claim. (D) no decision can be made.

- 12 -

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