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WorldLiteratureandCompositionSLOQuizAnswerKey

Language - (ELACC9-10L4a) Context Clues, (ELACC9-10L2a) Semicolon, (ELACC9-10L1b) Phrases And Clauses, (ELACC9-10L1a)
Parallel Structure
Reading Literature - (ELACC9-10RL3) Complex Characters, (ELACC9-10RL4) Word Meanings, (ELACC9-10RL6) Cultural Experience

Student Name: _______________________ Date: _________


Teacher Name: Adrian Dunmeyer Score: _________

The Peachtree Road Race: A Race Like No Other


David Matherne

1)

However, in the sport of road racing, common people and novice joggers can lace up and be in the same race as the world-
class runners competing to win it all.

Which is the BEST meaning for the word novice as it is used in the selected sentence?
A) a person new to a field or activity; a beginner
B) a person skilled in a field or activity; an expert
C) a person who has written about his field or activity
D) a person who has entered a religious order but has not yet taken vows

Explanation:
The best definition for novice from this context is a person new to a eld or activity; a beginner.

2)

Only a handful, however, really have a legitimate chance to win the prestigious crystal peach and the $15,000 first place
prize that comes with it.

Which is the BEST definition for legitimate as it is used in the selected sentence?
A) not being legal
B) Based on logical reasoning; reasonable
C) Being in compliance with the law; lawful
D) Being in accordance with established or accepted patterns and standards

Explanation:
Based on logical reasoning; reasonable is the best answer. Legitimate in this sentence implies that only a few have a
reasonable chance of winning the big prize.

3)

The Peachtree Road Race is unique as a 10K road race in three distinctive ways: it is run on the 4th of July, it has a rich
tradition, and it is the most competitive 10K in the world.

Which is the BEST meaning for distinctive as it is used in the selected sentence?
A) ordinary or typical
B) extremely difficult
C) serving to identify; distinguishing
D) phonemically relevant and capable of conveying a difference in meaning

Explanation:
Serving to identify; distinguishing, is the best answer. The context of the sentence suggests that particular characteristics
identify or distinguish this race from other races.
4)

blocks:
1. A solid piece of a hard substance, such as wood, having one or more flat sides.
2. A stand from which articles are displayed and sold at an auction
3. A mold or form on which an item is shaped or displayed.
4. A measurement referring to the distance between intersecting city streets.

Which is the BEST definition for blocks as it is used in this sentence?

The Peachtree Road Race in Atlanta, GA is the worlds largest 10K, boasting 55,000 runners who line up for blocks at 7:30am to
run down Atlantas most famous street.
A) Definition 1
B) Definition 2
C) Definition 3
D) Definition 4

Explanation:
A measurement referring to the distance between intersecting city streets, is the best definition for the word blocks as it is
used in the sentence. Key words form the passgage such as road and street provide context clues for this meaning.

5)

Ofcially:
1. Of or relating to an office or a post of authority
2. Authorized by a proper authority; authoritative
3. Holding office or serving in a public capacity
4. Characteristic of or befitting a person of authority; formal

Which is the BEST meaning for ofcially as it is used in this sentence?

That means no Statues of Liberty are ofcially allowed running down the road, as with other large festive races such as the Bay-
to-Breakers 12K in San Francisco.
A) Definition 1
B) Definition 2
C) Definition 3
D) Definition 4

Explanation:
Denition 2 is the best denition for ofcially as it is used in the sentence. The sentence indicates that wearing costumes
is not authorized by a proper authority.

6) Which sentence is punctuated correctly?


A) Robert wanted a new car however, he couldn't afford to buy one.
B) Robert wanted a new car however; he couldn't afford to buy one.
C) Robert wanted a new car; however he couldn't afford to buy one.
D) Robert wanted a new car; however, he couldn't afford to buy one.

Explanation:
Two sentences can be joined with a semi-colon. The conjunctive adverb "however" must be followed by a comma. Robert wanted
a new car; however, he couldn't afford to buy one. is correct.
7) Which sentence demonstrates correct use of the semicolon?
There have been many accidents during airshows for example; last year the wind toppled a tent and equipment on top
A)
of bystanders.
There have been many accidents during airshows; for example, last year the wind toppled a tent and equipment on top
B)
of bystanders.
There have been many accidents during airshows for example, last year; the wind toppled a tent and equipment on top
C)
of bystanders.
There have been many accidents; during airshows for example, last year the wind toppled a tent and equipment on top
D)
of bystanders.

Explanation:
There have been many accidents during airshows; for example, last year the wind toppled a tent and equipment on
top of bystanders. A semicolon is used to join main clauses joined by a conjunctive adverb.

8)

After the first weeks of school, Anita's grades were not good, however, she studied hard and improved her grades during the
next few weeks.

Choose the answer that is the most effective substitute for the underlined part of the sentence. If no substitute is necessary,
choose "Leave as is."
A) Leave as is.
B) Anita's grades were not good however; she studied hard and improved
C) Anita's grades were not good; however, she studied hard and improved
D) Anita's grades were not good: however, she studied hard and improved

Explanation:
After the first few weeks of school, Anita's grades were not good; however, she studied hard and improved her grades
during the next few weeks is the correct answer because the sentence is a compound sentence which has two complete
thoughts. They are combined by the conjunctive adverb however which should be preceded by a semicolon.

9) Which sentence demonstrates correct use of the semicolon?


A) My favorite store is having a huge sale you can buy pants; shirts, and shoes for half price.
B) My favorite store is having a huge sale; you can buy pants, shirts, and shoes for half price.
C) My favorite store is having a huge sale you can buy; pants, shirts, and shoes for half price.
D) My favorite store; is having a huge sale you can buy pants, shirts, and shoes for half price.

Explanation:
My favorite store is having a huge sale; you can buy pants, shirts, and shoes for half price. A semicolon is used to join
main clauses not joined by a coordinating conjunction.

10)

Although Terry liked to run in the rain she wasn't so sure about jogging in a monsoon.

Read the sentence and determine which of the answers correctly punctuates the underlined portion.
A) rain. She
B) rain; she
C) rain: she
D) rain, she

Explanation:
rain, she is correct. A comma separates the introductory dependent clause from the independent clause.
11) Which sentence uses a participial phrase?
A) The fence, which was broken and dirty, looked terrible.
B) Shutting out their opponent, the other team celebrated in victory.
C) Swimming in the pool all day is my favorite way to spend the summer.
D) I am pretty tired and not interested in staying up too late tonight.

Explanation:
Shutting out their opponent, the other team celebrated in victory. uses a participial phrase as an adjective. The phrase
"Shutting out their opponent" is a participial phrase modifying the team. Therefore, it is functioning as an adjective.

12) Which sentence uses a participial phrase as an adjective?


A) Working hard is the key for being successful in life.
B) The book, torn and ripped nearly to shreds, was now worthless.
C) My friend, who participated in the Olympics, is a talented runner.
D) Lily jumped over the small stream and gracefully landed on the other side.

Explanation:
The book, torn and ripped nearly to shreds, was now worthless. uses a participial phrase as an adjective. The phrase "torn
and ripped nearly to shreds" is a participial phrase modifying the book. Therefore, it is functioning as an adjective.

13) Choose the sentence in which the prepositional phrase "down the street" BEST explains where the speaker was driving.
A) Driving down the street, I saw the cat.
B) Driving, I saw the cat down the street.
C) I saw the cat driving down the street.
D) While driving, I saw the cat down the street.

Explanation:
Driving down the street, I saw the cat is the correct answer. In this sentence, the prepositional phrase is modifying the verb
driving, not the noun cat. The question asks that "down the street" describe where the speaker is driving--not where the cat is
located.

14) The applicant indicated that her strengths included copy-editing reports, designing presentations, and _______.

Which phrase would preserve the parallel structure in the sentence?


A) what a lot of other skills.
B) the ability to speak Chinese
C) a knowledge of computer programming
D) troubleshooting computer network problems

Explanation:
Choice D is the only gerund phrase, and this is needed to maintain the parallel structure of the sentence.

15) Which sentence is the best example of parallel structure?


A) The little boy had on torn pants, dirty socks, and shoes with mud on them.
B) The little boy had on torn pants, dirty socks, and muddy shoes.
C) The little boys had on pants that were torn, socks that were dirty, and muddy shoes.
D) The little boy had on torn pants, dirty socks, and shoes that were muddy.

Explanation:
Parallel structure uses the same grammatical form to express equal, or parallel, ideas. B is correct because each noun in the
predicate is preceded by an adjective.
16) Which sentence lacks parallel structure?
A) I am going to the store, driving home, and then going out to dinner.
B) I wanted to buy the children a new game and a new toy for Christmas.
C) The editor likes articles that are written correctly, precisely, and with a cover sheet.
D) The mother told her children that they should get plenty of rest, and should eat a good breakfast.

Explanation:
The editor likes articles that are written correctly, precisely, and with a cover sheet. In order to be parallel, another adverb
should have been used to complete the sentence.

17)

When making a peanut butter and jelly sandwich, be sure to use ____________________.

Please fill in the blank with the words that best illustrate parallel structure.
A) creamy peanut butter, grape jelly, and white bread
B) a clean knife, peanut butter and smoothing on the peanut butter.
C) long strokes to spread the peanut butter and smearing the jelly on top of it.
D) a clean knife, a full jar of peanut butter and smoothing on the peanut butter.

Explanation:
A is correct. All of the words are nouns. Your peanut butter and jelly preference is irrelevant. (Although, creamy Peter Pan is the
best!)

18) Which sentence lacks parallel structure?


A) We had a delicious breakfast of bacon and eggs and bread and butter.
B) A doll, a video, and a wagon were the items on the little girl's list.
C) Tonya and her friend Tammy were studying biology and watching science films until late last night.
Because he waited to the last minute to study, finished his labs too late, and is lacking motivation, Jonathan failed
D)
science.

Explanation:
Because he waited to the last minute to study, nished his labs too late, and is lacking motivation, Jonathan failed
science. In order to be parallel, a third past tense verb is needed.

Mrs. Bullfrog
Nathaniel Hawthorne

19) Mrs. Bullfrog's true character is directly revealed through


A) her physical description.
B) her interaction with the narrator.
C) her action with the stagecoach driver.
D) her expression of her thoughts and feelings.

Explanation:
Since the dialogue does not reveal her true character, but rather the person she wants Mr. Bullfrog to see her as, the reader must
rely on her actions to know her true character. It is only after her vicious action with the stagecoach driver that the reader,
along with Mr. Bullfrog, begin to learn of her real nature.

20) In this story, Mrs. Bullfrog is indirectly characterized as


A) a highly principled lady.
B) a proud and dainty mother.
C) a vicious, vengeful woman.
D) a social pillar of the community.

Explanation:
Because her actions in the attack of the stagecoach driver lead the reader to conclude she is a vicious, vengeful woman, it is
considered indirect characterization.
21)

As the driver closed the door upon us, I heard him whisper to the three countrymen, "How do you suppose a fellow feels shut
up in the cage with a she tiger?"

When the narrator overhears the driver whisper the phrase "How do you suppose a fellow feels shut up in the cage with a she
tiger?" to his countrymen, how does he respond?
A) The narrator is unsure how he feels having just realied his wife is a she tiger.
B) The narrator is frustrated that the driver does not understand his wife's nature.
C) The narrator is deeply offended by the suggestion that his new wife is a she tiger.
D) The narrator thinks that the question asked by the driver has nothing to do with his situation.

Explanation:
After overhearing the driver's question, The narrator thinks that the question asked by the driver has nothing to do with
his situation. The narrator simply can't imagine that his wife, Mrs. Bullfrog, is the same person who just before nearly beat the
driver to death in anger.

22) In paragraph 13, which detail supports the main idea that the phantom attacking the stagecoach driver is actually Mrs.
Bullfrog herself?
A) the blows were given by a person of grisly aspect
B) in my terror and turmoil of mind I could imagine nothing less than that the Old Nick
C) there being no teeth to modulate the voice, it had a mumbled fierceness, not passionate, but stern
D) [this ogre] had a riding habit like Mrs. Bullfrog's, and also a green silk calash dangling down her back by the strings

Explanation:
The assailant' looked like Mrs. Bullfrog, and wore the same clothes as Mrs. Bullfrog, making it easy to assume that it actually
was Mrs. Bullfrog.

Wuthering Heights
Emily Bront

23)

I wondered often what my master saw to admire so much in the sullen boy, who never, to my recollection, repaid his
indulgence by any sign of gratitude.

In this sentence from the passage, what does sullen mean?


A) impressive, proud
B) small-framed, slight
C) joyous, appreciative
D) gloomy, resentfully silent

Explanation:
Gloomy, resentfully silent is the correct answer. The author creates the impression that Heathcliff is not a very happy person.

24)

He was not insolent to his benefactor, he was simply insensible.

Insolent means
A) helpful
B) insecure
C) rude
D) troubled

Explanation:
Rude is the correct answer. Heathcliff may not have even been aware of the way he was because he was simply not sensitive to
how others felt.
25)

The difference between him and the others forced me to be less partial.

In this sentence from the passage, the phrase less partial could easily be replaced with which synonym?
A) fair
B) forgiving
C) loving
D) strict

Explanation:
Fair is the correct answer. Since there was such a difference in her affection for Heathcliff and the others for whom she had to
care, she was forced to treat everyone the same .

26) Which word in paragraph 1 shows that the speaker did not have a choice in caring for the sick children?
A) compelled
B) partial
C) sympathized
D) uncomplaining

Explanation:
Compelled is the correct answer. Compel means to force. The speaker was not caring for the children because she wanted to; she
was forced to do so because of her circumstances.

The Prophet
Kahlil Gibran

27)

And think not you can direct the course of love, for love, if it finds you worthy, directs your course.

What does course mean in this line from the passage?


A) pathway
B) as might be expected
C) part of a school curriculum
D) accustomed procedure or action

Explanation:
Pathway is the correct answer. The author is referring to the direction in which love will move.

28)

To return home at eventide with gratitude;

In this line from the passage, what does eventide mean?


A) once
B) peace
C) length
D) nighttime

Explanation:
Nighttime is the correct answer. Eventide is evening time.

The Shepherds Lute: A Chinese Folktale


Natalie Stewart
29) What cultural aspect is mentioned in this Chinese short story excerpt?
A) The story contains a rather cruel father and farmer.
B) The story demonstrates the power of music over people's lives.
C) The story explains celebrates music and the playing of the lute.
D) The story uses the symbol of a rabbit as mystic, spiritual animal.

Explanation:
The correct answer is the following statement: The story uses the symbol of
a rabbit as mystic, spiritual animal. Animals are often seen as powerful or
mystical in many cultures, but the Chinese Calendar emphasizes some animal
attributes as the Year of the Rat, Year of the Tiger, and Year of the Dragon.

30) What words are clues that this story includes aspects of Chinese culture?
A) The plot of the story is indicative of Chinese culture.
B) The professions of the characters are indicative of Chinese culture.
The titles and names of the characters are indicative of Chinese
C)
culture.
D) The friendly conversation between the characters are indicative of Chinese culture.

Explanation:
The titles and names of the characters are indicative of Chinese culture. The characters have names like Chao and Jiang,
both of which imply a Chinese origin.