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Food Therapy: Chick pea Pulses and Fibers in Reduced Risk

of Metabolic Syndrome
Kyle J. Norton

Chickpea may have a profound effect in activated gut microbiota host energy
homeostasis in modulated risk of metabolic syndrome, some studies suggested.

Garbanzo bean also known as chickpea is an edible legume of genus Cicer and
the family Fabaceae, high in protein and minerals. It is one of the earliest
cultivated vegetables, native to Middle East.

Metabolic syndrome is a set of conditions, including high blood pressure and

blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or
triglyceride levels which may contribute to the onset of cardiovascular disease
and diabetes.

The effect of chickpea in reduced risk of metabolic syndrome has been

investigated extensively through numbers of aspect and mechanism.

-galactooligosaccharides (-GOS) isolated from fermentable soluble fibers

extracted of chickpea on high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced metabolic syndrome and
gut bacterial dysbiosis in animal model, displayed a significant improvement of
parameters which have a direct influence to the initiate risk of CVD, including
deceased levels of blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, glycated serum
protein, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein
cholesterol of mice in compared to control after 4 weeks of experiment.

Injection of -galactooligosaccharides (-GOS) showed a restrictive activity in

reduced high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced metabolic syndrome in inhibited the
content of all bacteria, such as Bacteroides in breaking down food and
producing valuable nutrients and energy that the body needs and Lactobacillus
with function in glucose metabolism and protect against over growth of
pathogens in the digestive tract.

These illustration indicated that -galactooligosaccharides (-GOS) have a

potential used as a probiotic to improve digestive health by balancing the levels
of gut bacteria through colonic fermentation.

Furthermore, the extract also induced the production of short-chain fatty acids
such as propionic acid with function in reduced acidity and butyric acids with
function in reduced inflammation and improve overall gastrointestinal health
through colonic bacterial fermentation.

Short-chain fatty acids has been extensively promoted as prebiotics and

probiotics with an aimed at improving colonic and systemic health.

The finding information suggested that -galactooligosaccharides (-GOS)

isolated from fermentable soluble fibers extracted of chickpea may affect the
metabolic disorders and gut bacterial ecosystem in a positive way.

Additionally, 14 days of 2 single-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-

controlled trials, 88 overweight adults [50% men and 50% women; 18-60 y old;
body mass index (in kg/m(2)): 25-28] were supplemented for 14 d with tea
contained -GOSs with different -GOS dosages (6, 12, or 18 g -GOSs/d),
formulas (12 g -GOSs/d with >80% of molecules with a degree of
polymerization of 2, 3, or 4), or a control substance (glucose syrup), also
suggested that regardless to the composition, tea contained -GOSs treatment
group demonstrated a significant in reduced appetite, reduced energy intake
during lunch and dinner in compared to control.

In other word, injection of -GOSs daily and regularly may have a long-term
effect in induced weight loss and mitigated metabolic disorders.

Similarly, the investigation of the effects of frequent consumption (five

cups/week over 8 weeks) of pulses (yellow peas, chickpeas, navy beans and
lentils), in compared with counselling to reduce energy intake by 2093 kJ/d
(500 kcal/d), on risk factors of the MetSyn in two groups (nineteen and twenty-
one subjects, respectively) of overweight or obese (mean BMI 328 kg/m2)
2017], also found that at the end of the experiment, both diets expressed a
reductions in energy intake, waist circumference, systolic blood pressure,
glycosylated Hb (HbA1c) and glucose AUC and homeostasis model of insulin
resistance (HOMA-IR) following a 75 g oral glucose load at weeks 1 and 8
with levels of HDL and C-peptide increased by 45 and 123 %, respectively in
compared to decreased by 08 and 76 %, respectively, in the energy-restricted

C-peptide is a proinsulin molecule produced by the beta cells in the pancreas.

Interestingly, insulin area under curve was found to decrease in both females
and males on the energy-restricted diet by 242 and 48 %, respectively, but on
the pulse diet it decreased by 139 % in females and increased by 273 % in

After taking into account of other con founder, Dr.Mollard RC, the lead author
said, "frequent consumption of pulses,...reduced risk factors of the metabolic
syndrome and these effects were equivalent, and in some instances stronger,
than counselling for dietary energy reduction".

Taken together, the information findings, suggested that chick pea with
abundant fibers with direct effect in improved gut health and reduced high
blood pressure, high blood sugar, abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels
and promoted weigh loss through decrease appetite may be considered as a
function food in ameliorated risk of metabolic syndrome, thus lowering the risk
of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton, Master of Nutrients
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers
have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine
articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate
GB daily, etc.,.
by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as
international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) Effects of -Galactooligosaccharides from Chickpeas on High-Fat-Diet-
Induced Metabolic Syndrome in Mice by Dai Z1, Lyu W2, Xie M1, Yuan Q1,
Ye H1, Hu B1, Zhou L1, Zeng X1.(PubMed)
(2) Regular consumption of pulses for 8 weeks reduces metabolic syndrome
risk factors in overweight and obese adults by Mollard RC1, Luhovyy BL,
Panahi S, Nunez M, Hanley A, Anderson GH.(PubMed)
(3) -Galacto-oligosaccharides Dose-Dependently Reduce Appetite and
Decrease Inflammation in Overweight Adults by Morel FB1, Dai Q2, Ni J3,
Thomas D4, Parnet P5, Fana-Berthon P6.(PubMed)