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Aragorn II Elessar
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The one ring animated
AJ Padlock
This article is about the son of Arathorn II. For the son of Aravir, see Aragorn I.
This article refers to the the heir of Isildur. For other namesakes, see Aragorn
This article refers to the Ranger of the North. For other namesakes, see Strider

Viggo Mortensen portrays Aragorn in The Lord of the Rings trilogyThe Lord of the
Rings trilogy
Biographical information
Other names
Estel, Telcontar, Thorongil, Strider (see more)
Chieftain of the Dnedain, Heir of Isildur (see more)
March 1, 2931[1]
May 1, 3019[2]
FO 120 (aged 210)[3]
Reunited Kingdom, Arnor, Gondor
Physical description
198cm (6'6")[4]
Grey (book), Blue (films)
Dnedain of the North, Dnedain (House of Telcontar), Men of Gondor
Peter Jackson's Film Triology
Viggo Mortensen
Tengwar Aragorn
"I am Aragorn son of Arathorn, and am called Elessar, the Elfstone, Dnadan, the
heir of Isildur Elendil's son of Gondor. Here is the sword that was broken and is
forged again! "
The Two Towers, The Riders of Rohan
Aragorn II, the son of Arathorn II and Gilraen, also known as Elessar as well as
Strider. 16th Chieftain of the Dnedain of the North; he was later crowned King
Elessar Telcontar (March 1, 2931 - FO 120 or SR 1541), the 26th King of Arnor, and
the 35th King of Gondor and first High King of Gondor and Arnor, since the short
reign of Isildur. He was a great warrior, and as the heir of Isildur bore the
shards of Narsil, reforged and renamed Andril, in the War of the Ring.

Early years
Aragorn as a toddler, portrayed by Luke Johnston in the fan film Born of Hope

He was Aragorn son of Arathorn, the nine and thirtieth heir in the right line from
Isildur, and yet more like Elendil than any before him.
The Silmarillion, Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age
Aragorn was a descendant of Elros Tar-Minyatur. His ancestor Arvedui was wedded to
Friel, who was descended from Anrion, who bore their son Aranarth, making Aragorn
the last descendant of Anrion as well.

When Aragorn was only two years old, his father Arathorn was killed while pursuing
orcs. Aragorn was afterwards fostered in Rivendell by Elrond. At the request of his
mother, his lineage was kept secret, as she feared he would be killed like his
father and grandfather if his true identity as the descendant of Elendil and Heir
of Isildur became known. Aragorn was renamed Estel and was not told about his
heritage until 2951.[5]

Anna Lee - Young Aragorn

Young Aragorn with the shards of Narsil, by Anna Lee

Elrond revealed to "Estel" his true name and ancestry when he was twenty, and gave
to him the Ring of Barahir and the Shards of Narsil. Elrond withheld the Sceptre of
Annminas from Aragorn until he "came of the right" to possess the item. It was
also around this time that Aragorn met and fell in love with Arwen, Elrond's
daughter, newly returned from her mother's homeland of Lrien where she had visited
her grandmother Galadriel.[5]

Aragorn thereafter assumed his proper role as the sixteenth Chieftain of the
Dnedain and the Rangers of the North, and left the comforts of Rivendell for the
wild, where he lived with the remainder of his people, whose kingdom had been
destroyed through civil and regional wars centuries before.[5]

Aragorn met Gandalf the Grey in 2956 and they became close friends. Heeding
Gandalf's advice, Aragorn and the Rangers began to guard a small land known as the
Shire inhabited by the diminutive and agrarian Hobbits, and he became known among
the peoples just outside the Shire's borders as Strider.

From TA 2957 to TA 2980, Aragorn undertook great journeys, serving in the armies of
King Thengel of Rohan, and Steward Ecthelion II of Gondor. Many of his tasks helped
to raise morale in the West and counter the growing threat of Sauron and his
allies, and he earned priceless experience which he would later put to use in the
War of the Ring. Aragorn served his lords in disguise and his name in Gondor and
Rohan during that time was Thorongil ("Eagle of the Star"). With a small Gondor
squadron of ships, he led an assault on the long-standing rebel province of Umbar
in 2980, burning many of the Corsairs' ships and personally slaying their lord
during the battle on the Havens. After the victory at Umbar, "Thorongil" left the
field and, to the dismay of his men, went east.[6]

Screen shot 2010-12-05 at 4.40.37 PM

Aragorn the Ranger in the wild, from the fan film The Hunt for Gollum

Later in 2980, he visited Lrien, and there once again met Arwen. He gave her the
heirloom of his House, the Ring of Barahir, and, on the hill of Cerin Amroth, Arwen
pledged her hand to him in marriage, renouncing her elvish lineage and accepting
the Gift of Men: death.[5]

Elrond withheld from Aragorn permission to marry his daughter until such a time as
his foster son should be king of both Gondor and Arnor. As both Elrond and Aragorn
knew, to marry a mortal, Arwen would be required to choose mortality, and thus
deprive the deathless Elrond of his daughter while the world lasted. Elrond was
also concerned for Arwen's own happiness, fearing that in the end she might find
death (her own and that of her beloved) too difficult to bear.[5]

Before the events of The Lord of the Rings properly take place, Aragorn also
traveled through the Dwarven mines of Moria, to Harad, where (in his own words)
"the stars are strange." Tolkien does not specify when these travels occurred nor
does he indicate what happens when Aragorn visits.

In 3009, Gandalf grew suspicious of the origin of the ring belonging to the Hobbit
Bilbo Baggins, which later turned out to be the One Ring, the source of the Dark
Lord Sauron's evil power. Aragorn went at his request into Rhovanion in search of
Gollum, who had once possessed the Ring. He caught the creature in the Dead Marshes
near Mordor, and brought him as a captive to Thranduil's halls in Mirkwood, where
Gandalf questioned him.[7]

War of the Ring

What his right name is I've never heard: but he's known round here as Strider.
The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Prancing Pony"
Strider in Prancing Pony - FOTR
Strider at The Prancing Pony in Bree

Aragorn joined Frodo Baggins, Bilbo's adopted heir, and three of his friends at the
Inn of the Prancing Pony in Bree.[8] Though originally the hobbits were suspicious
of Strider, they eventually trusted him and prepared to escape Bree and the
Ringwraiths.[9] These four had set out from the Shire to bring the One Ring to
Rivendell. Aragorn was aged 87 at that time, nearing the prime of life for one of
royal Nmenrean descent. With Aragorn's help, the Hobbits escaped the pursuing
Nazgl.[10] The elf-lord Glorfindel later arrived and led them to Rivendell.[11]
There, Aragorn chose to join Frodo, thus forming the Fellowship of the Ring that
was formed to guard Frodo, tasked with destroying the Ring in the fires of Mount
Doom in Mordor. Besides Aragorn, Gandalf, and Frodo, the company included Frodo's
cousins Pippin and Merry, his best friend Samwise Gamgee, Legolas the elf, Gimli
the Dwarf, and Boromir of Gondor.[7]

All that is gold does not glitter,

Not all those who wander are lost;
The old that is strong does not wither,
Deep roots are not reached by the frost.
From the ashes a fire shall be woken,
A light from the shadows shall spring;
Renewed shall be Blade that was Broken,
The crownless again shall be king.

Bilbo's poem about Aragorn[9]

Before the group set out, the shards of Narsil were reforged, and the restored
blade was named Andril.

Aragorn accompanied the group through an attempt to cross the pass of Caradhras and
through the mines of Moria. He helped protect Frodo from an Orc captain and became
group leader after Gandalf was presumed lost in battle with a Balrog.[12] Aragorn
led the company to Lrien, where Lady Galadriel gave him the Elessar.[13]

After Lrien, Aragorn and the Fellowship sailed down the river Anduin to the Falls
of Rauros. Though his original plan was to set out for Gondor and aid its people in
the War, he felt responsible for Frodo after the loss of Gandalf.[14]

Fear not! he said. "Long have I desired to look upon the likenesses of Isildur and
Anarion, my sires of old. Under their shadow Elessar, the Elfstone son of Arathorn
of the House of Valandil Isildur's son heir of Elendil, has naught to dread!
Aragorn proclaiming his lineage[14]"

Death of Boromir
Aragorn saying goodbye to Boromir after his death

After passing into the Argonath, the Fellowship camped in Amon Hen. Frodo saw that
Boromir had been driven mad by the influence of the One Ring trying to take it.
Frodo put the ring on, rendering him invisible, and ran away from Boromir. Frodo
climbed to the high seat on Amon Hen; from there he could see Sauron's eye looking
for him. The Hobbit felt the eye but it was distracted by Gandalf the White later
found in Fangorn Forest by (Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli looking for Merry and
Pippin.) Frodo would struggle against the power of Sauron, finally taking the ring
off. Then Frodo knew what had to be done: He was to go alone to Mordor to destroy
the ring. On the way back to the river he meets Sam, who goes with him.

Aragorn Close up - FOTR

Aragorn at Amon Hen

At this same time, the others were attacked by Saruman's Uruk-hai and a battle
ensued. During the ensuing battle, Boromir was killed defending Merry and Pippin
and giving up his desire for the ring in a last attempt to resist the ring. After
discovering that Frodo had left, Aragorn and the others decided that they would
leave Frodo and Sam to continue their quest on their own. Legolas, Gimli, and
Aragorn put Boromir's body and war gear in one of the elven boats as a funeral boat
and tribute to Boromir for his bravery and courage. His body would be sent to the
Falls of Rauros.[15]

While Frodo continued his quest with Samwise Gamgee, Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli
went to Rohan to free Merry and Pippin, who had been captured by the Uruk-hai
working for Saruman.

The Three Hunters

Ted Nasmith - Pursuit in Rohan
The Three Hunters, by Ted Nasmith

In the fields of Rohan, the Three Hunters Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli encountered
omer, who had recently been pursuing rumours of an orc raid in the area. From
omer, Aragorn learned that the Orcs who had kidnapped Merry and Pippin had been
destroyed and that the Hobbits had not been found. Dejected, he led Legolas and
Gimli to the site of the battle. Clues led Aragorn to believe that the Hobbits
might still be alive, and he led the Three Hunters into Fangorn Forest.[16] They
did not find the Hobbits, but they did find Gandalf the White, sent back from
Valinor to continue his struggle against Sauron. Gandalf told the Three Hunters
that the Hobbits were safe with the Ents of Fangorn.[17]

Where now are the Dunedain, Elessar, Elessar?

Where do thy kinsfolk wander afar?
Near is the hour when the lost should come forth,
And the Grey Company ride from the North.
But dark is the path appointed to thee:
The Dead watch the road that leads to the Sea.

- Galadriel's message to Aragorn[17]

Together, Gandalf and the Three Hunters travelled to Edoras, where Gandalf freed
Thoden from Saruman's enchantment and helped him organize the Rohirrim against
Saruman.[18] He allied with Thoden and led the refugees to Helm's Deep.

Shin Lin - Night Battle on Helm's Deep

Night Battle on Helm's Deep, by Shin Lin

Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli then help the people of Rohan in the Battle of the
Hornburg, in which they conclusively and victoriously defeated Saruman's army.
[19]Afterward Aragorn went with Gandalf to Isengard only to find Isengard in ruins
by the work of the Ents. Aragorn, being present with Gandalf, Theoden, omer,
Legolas and Gimli, negotiate in a final parley with Saruman. Saruman at first tries
to bend Theoden to his will and at first Theoden is almost swayed but then he
masters his will and refuses to join with Saruman. Saruman then sneers at Theoden
and turns his attention to Gandalf and tries to sway him, only to be laughed at.
Then Gandalf offers him a chance of repentance without limits. Saruman turns white
in his face at this, sadly in the end however Saruman refuses to repent out of
pride and to leave Orthanc. Gandalf breaks Saruman's staff as he is no longer the
head and is banished from the Order of Wizards and The White Council. After Saruman
crawls away, Grima Wormtongue then throws the Palantr of Orthanc at Gandalf as he
and the others are leaving the Orthanc tower. But misses not being able to decide
who he hated more Gandalf or Saruman. Thus ending the Battle of the Hornburg and
the Battle of Isengard.[20]

Return of the King

Aragorn and army of dead
Aragorn and the Army of the Dead attacks the orcs

In order to defend the city, Aragorn travelled the Paths of the Dead, and summoned
the Dead Men of Dunharrow who owed allegiance to the King of Gondor. It had been
prophesied by Isildur and Malbeth the Seer that the Dead would be summoned once
more to pay their debt for betraying Gondor a millennia before. With their aid the
Corsairs of Umbar were defeated.[21]
Aragorn, a small force of Rangers, and a large contingent of men and soldiers from
the southern regions then sailed up the Anduin to Minas Tirith. When they arrived
at the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, Aragorn unfurled a standard that Arwen had
made for him which showed both the White Tree of Gondor along with the jeweled
crown and seven stars of the House of Elendil. With the help of the southern forces
the armies of Gondor and Rohan rallied together and defeated Sauron's army.[22]

The Steward Denethor II declared that he would not bow to a descendant of Isildur
(years before, he had seen "Thorongil" as a rival to his father's favor). Aragorn
healed Faramir, Denethor's last heir, winning him the immediate recognition of
Faramir as rightful heir to the throne; his humility and self-sacrifice gained him
the hearts of the inhabitants of Gondor's capital city. Aragorn's healing
abilities, moreover, were a sign to the people of Gondor of the identity of their
true king; as Ioreth said, "The hands of the King are the hands of a healer, and so
shall the rightful king be known." The people hailed him as King that same evening.

Despite his immediate success and popularity, however, and despite his claim to the
throne through raising the royal banner, Aragorn decided to lay aside his claim for
the time being. He knew that if he aggressively promoted his claim, rival claimants
or debates as to his legitimacy were not out of the question, and this could be a
fatal distraction for Gondor at a time when the West needed to be united against
Sauron. So, to avoid conflict, after he had healed people during the following
nights of March 1516, he left Minas Tirith and symbolically refused to enter it
again until he was crowned King on May first.

As Reunited King of Gondor and Arnor

Men of Gondor, hear now the Steward of this Realm! Behold! One has come to claim
the kingship again at last. Here is Aragorn, son of Arathorn, chieftain of the
Dnedain of Arnor, Captain of the Host of the West, bearer of the Star of the
North, wielder of the Sword Reforged, victorious in battle, whose hands bring
healing, the Elfstone, Elessar of the line of Valandil, Isildur's son, Elendil's
son of Numenor. Shall he be king and enter into the City and dwell there?" And all
the host and all the people cried yea with one voice.
Faramir the Steward announces the coronation of King Elessar
King Aragorn
Aragorn, son of Arathorn, King of Gondor

Upon Sauron's defeat, Aragorn was crowned as King Elessar, a name given to him by
Galadriel. He became the twenty-sixth King of Arnor, thirty-fifth King of Gondor
and the first High King of the Reunited Kingdom, though it would be several years
before his authority was firmly reestablished in Arnor. His line was referred to as
the House of Telcontar (Telcontar being Quenya for "Strider"). Aragorn married
Arwen shortly afterwards, and ruled the Kingdom of Gondor and Arnor until 120 of
the Fourth Age. His reign was marked by great harmony and prosperity within Gondor
and Arnor, and by a great renewal of cooperation and communication between Men,
Elves, and Dwarves, fostered by his vigorous rebuilding campaign following the war.
Aragorn led the forces of the Reunited Kingdom on military campaigns against some
Easterlings and Haradrim, re-establishing rule over much territory that Gondor had
lost in previous centuries.
During his coronation, Aragorn sang Elendil's Oath: "Et Erello Endorenna utlien.
Sinome maruvan ar Hildinyar tenn' Ambar-metta!" ("Out of the Great Sea to Middle-
earth I am come. In this place I will abide, and my heirs, unto the ending of the

Death and End of Reign

Then a great beauty was revealed in him, so that all who after came there looked on
him in wonder; for they saw that the grace of his youth, and the valour of his
manhood, and the wisdom and majesty of his age were blended together. And long
there he lay, an image of the Kings of Men in glory undimmed before the breaking of
the world.
Description of Aragorn's death.[5]
Aragorn's death
Aragorn's death

When in the year 120 of the Fourth Age, King Elessar realised his days were at an
end, he went to the House of the Kings in the Silent Street. He said farewell to
his son Eldarion and his daughters and gave Eldarion his crown and sceptre. Arwen
remained at Aragorn's side until he died. Shortly a year after Aragorn died, Arwen
soon died of a broken heart. Eldarion began his reign as the Second King of the
Reunited Kingdom after his father's and mother's death.[5]

Was there ever anyone like him? Except Gandalf, of course. I think they must be
Peregrin Took on Aragorn[23]
Tolkien gives a brief but detailed description of him in The Lord of the Rings:
lean, dark, tall, with "a shaggy head of dark hair flecked with grey, and in a pale
stern face a pair of keen grey eyes."[8]

In The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen, he was said to be often grim and sad, with
unexpected moments of levity.[5] Some time after the publications of the books,
Tolkien wrote that he was six feet six inches tall.

Aragorn possessed Elven wisdom due to his childhood in Rivendell with Elrond and
the foresight of the Dnedain. He was also a skilled healer, notably with the plant
Athelas (also known as Kingsfoil). He was also a mighty warrior and an unmatched
commander; after the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, he, omer, and Imrahil were
said to be left unscathed, even though they had been in the thick of the fighting.

Though there is no indication of his ever doubting his role and destiny as the
future king of the Reunited Kingdom and one of the leaders of the war against
Sauron (as he did in Peter Jackson's film), he was not immune to self-doubt, as he
doubted the wisdom of his decisions while leading the Fellowship after the loss of
Gandalf in Moria, and blamed himself for many of their subsequent misfortunes.

On one occasion, his pride (or reverence for his heritage) led to complications, as
he refused to disarm and leave his sword Andril (a priceless heirloom of Nmenor
and one of the weapons which slew Sauron) at the door of Edoras, as Thoden had
required, and only did so after Gandalf left his own sword (also of high lineage)
behind. Even so, he swore that death would come to anyone else who touched it
(whether by his own hand or by some magic, it is left unsaid).

He also appeared to possess a nigh-indomidable will. At one point, he was able to

psychically challenge Sauron for control of the Palantir of Orthanc, and proved
victorious in that struggle. It should be noted that even Gandalf the White was
reluctant to use the Palantir for fear of challenging Sauron directly and revealing
himself to the Dark Lord. He was accounted as "the hardiest of living Men" during
his lifetime.

The name Aragorn means "Revered King", from the Sindarin ara ("king") and (n)gorn
("revered").[25]. Aragorn was named after Aragorn I.

Other Names
Elessar - Aragorn's name as king (Quenya).
Edhelharn - Sindarin translation of Elessar.
Elfstone - Westron translation of Elessar.
Estel - Aragorn's nickname during his childhood in Rivendell. It means "Hope".[25]
Longshanks - Used by Samwise Gamgee and some of the Men of Bree.[10]
Stick-at-naught Strider - Used by the Men of Bree, particularly Bill Ferny[10]
Strider - Used by the Men of Bree.
Telcontar - Quenya translation of Strider and the name of his House.
Thorongil - Aragorn's alias during his travels to Rohan and Gondor. It means "Eagle
of the Star."[6]
Wingfoot - Given by omer.[26]
As king, Aragorn has many titles:

The Dnadan
Chieftain of the Dnedain
Heir of Isildur
King of all the Dnedain
King of the West
Lord of the Dnedain
Envinyatar - the Renewer[22]
King of Gondor
King of Arnor
High King of Gondor and Arnor
Lord of the House of Telcontar
Main article: Andril
Anduril, Flame of the West

As a Ranger, Aragorn was trained to be proficient with various weapons, such as

bows, knives, spears and swords In battle he focused primarily on his sword play,
preferring close combat to a long scale fight. He was a mighty warrior, and as such
easily defeated many types of foes, ranging from large groups of orcs to far more
powerful foes such as Trolls and Ringwraiths, evident throughout various battles
like Helm's Deep and the Morannon. In each case, Aragorn's finesse in battle has
served him greatly and earned him much recognition and respect from both the
Fellowship of the Ring and the people of Rohan and Gondor. He was arguably the
greatest swordsman of the Third Age, surpassing the likes of Faramir, Boromir and
perhaps even Elrond.

Aragorn's sword is Andril, Flame of the West, the reforged sword Narsil, Elendil's
blade that Isildur used to cut the One Ring from Sauron's hand. Aragorn uses it
with the same skill the Numenoreans had long ago.

Behind the Scenes

The restoration of the line of Elendil to the throne of Gondor is a subplot of The
Lord of the Rings; Aragorn's adventures not only aid Frodo in his Quest, but also
bring him closer to his own kingship which, though his by right and lineage, has
been left open for centuries due to historical, legal, and military circumstances.
The people of Gondor have been under the rule of the Stewards of Gondor for
centuries, as it was widely doubted that any of the royal line still lived. Shortly
after Isildur's departure, Meneldil, son of Anrion, had severed Gondor from Arnor
politically, although the formal title of High King remained with the northern line
(as Isildur was Elendil's eldest son). This arrangement had been reinforced by the
Steward Pelendur in nearly 2,000 years before when he rejected Arvedui's claim to
the Throne of Gondor during a Gondorian succession crisis (Ernil, a member of the
House of Anrion, was eventually chosen as King instead). It is worth noting,
however, that Arvedui had also based his claim on the fact that he had married a
descendant of Anrion: thus, Aragorn was technically a descendant of not only
Elendil and Isildur but of Anrion as well.
Concept and creation
The "first term" of the character that later evolved into Aragorn or Strider was a
peculiar hobbit met by Bingo Bolger-Baggins (precursor of Frodo Baggins) at the inn
of The Prancing Pony. His description and behavior, however, was already quite
close to the final story, with the difference that the hobbit wore wooden shoes,
and was nicknamed Trotter for the "clitter-clap" sound that they produced. He was
also accounted to be "one of the wild folk rangers", and he played the same role
in Frodo's journey to Rivendell as in The Lord of the Rings.

Later Tolkien hesitated about the true identity of "Trotter" for a long time. One
of his notes suggested that the Rangers should not be hobbits as originally
planned, and that this would mean that Trotter was either a Man, or a hobbit who
associated himself with the Rangers and was "very well known" (within the story).
The latter suggestion was linked to an early comment of Bingo: "I keep on feeling
that I have seen him somewhere before". Tolkien made a proposal that Trotter might
be Bilbo Baggins himself, but rejected that idea.

Another suggestion was that Trotter was "Fosco Took (Bilbo's first cousin), who
vanished when a lad, owing to Gandalf". This story was further elaborated, making
Trotter a nephew of Bilbo, named Peregrin Boffin, and an elder cousin of Frodo. He
was said to have run away after he came of age, some twenty years before Bilbo's
party, and had helped Gandalf in tracking Gollum later. A hint was also given as to
why Trotter wore wooden shoes: he had been captured by the Dark Lord in Mordor and
tortured, but saved by Gandalf; a note was added by Tolkien in the margin, saying
that it would later be revealed that Trotter had wooden feet.

The conception of Trotter being a hobbit was discarded with the following
recommencing of writing; another short-lived idea was to make Trotter "a disguised
elf - friend of Bilbo's in Rivendell", and a scout from Rivendell who "pretends to
be a ranger".[27]

Quite soon Tolkien finally settled on the Mannish identity of Trotter, from the
beginning introducing him as a "descendant of the ancient men of the North, and one
of Elrond's household", as well as the name Aragorn. While the history of Nmenor
and the descendants of Elros and Elendil were not fully developed, the terms of it
were in existence, and would come to be connected with The Lord of the Rings as the
character of Aragorn developed. Thus the evolution of the history of the Second and
Third Ages was dependent on the bringing of Trotter to association with them.

Further character developments

The development of Aragorn's connection to Gondor was long and complex, as was his
association with Boromir. Initially it is said that Aragorn's forefathers were the
exiles of Nmenor who ruled over the people of Ond (early name of Gondor), but were
driven out by the Wizard King "when Sauron raised a rebellion". The story of the
two branches of Elendil's descendants ruling over two kingdoms of Men through many
generations only emerged gradually; at one time, Tolkien even seems to have
conceived only three generations between Isildur and Aragorn.

One significant feature which was not established until late stages was Aragorn's
relationship with Arwen. When Tolkien first introduced owyn, the interest which
she showed towards Aragorn was not one-sided, with suggestions in notes that they
would marry at the end of the story. Another proposal was done soon, that owyn
would die to save or avenge Thoden, and Aragorn would never marry after her death.

The first mention of Elrond's daughter, named Arwen Undomiel, was in reference to
the banner which she made for Aragorn, but Tolkien did not give any hint whether
she had any further part to play. The references to her marriage with Aragorn were
made later, but it was explicitly stated only near the completion of the book. It
is only in his working on the appendices for The Lord of the Rings that Tolkien
recorded the full tale of Aragorn and Arwen.

A passing idea was that Galadriel gave her Ring to Aragorn, and that he would
accordingly be titled the "Lord of the Ring".

Rejected names
The original nickname Trotter was retained for a long while, and Tolkien decided to
change it to Strider only after the story was completed. There were also several
experimental translations of Trotter to Sindarin: Padathir, Du-finnion and
Rimbedir, with Ecthelion possibly being equivalent to Peregrin (Boffin). Instead of
the latter title "the Dnadan", Quenya Tarkil ("Noble Man") was first used, synonym
with Nmenrean.

Tolkien hesitated for some time about Trotter's "real" name. Although Aragorn was
the first suggestion when the Mannish descent was settled, it was changed a number
of times. At one point Tolkien decided that an Elvish name does not suit a Man, and
thus altered it from Aragorn via Elfstone to Ingold, where the last one is an Old
English name with ing- representing "west". Later, however, a new plot element was
introduced: Galadriel's gift of a green stone, and Tolkien reverted the usage to
Elfstone in order to make an additional connection. This was retained into the
final version of the legendarium as a side name and a translation of Elessar.

Among other names to be used instead of Elfstone Tolkien considered Elfstan,

Elfmere, Elf-friend, Elfspear, Elfwold and Erkenbrand, with various Elvish forms:
Eldamir, Eldavel, Eledon, and Qendemir. The name of Aragorn's father also passed
through many transient forms: Tolkien intended Aramir or Celegorn to go in pair
with Aragorn before settling upon Arathorn; Elfhelm and Eldakar with Elfstone and
Eldamir; and Ingrim with Ingold.[28]

History and Mythology

Richard J. Finn presented a paper entitled "Arthur and Aragorn - Arthurian
Influence in LOTR at the Forty-First International Congress on Medieval Studies".
The are additional similarities between Aragorn and Arthur beyond those pointed out
by Finn. Arthur is descended from Kings of Goddodin - Coel Hen, Aragorn becomes
King of Gondor. Kings of the period in Goddodin lived at both Traprain Law and Din
Eidyn (Edinburgh, still known as Dn ideann in Scottish Gaelic) remarkably similar
to Dnadan. For "Men of the North", Goddodin was a far northern kingdom. Arthur was
crowned by St. Dubriticus, who wore a long gray robe for which he was called "His
Grey Eminence" - Gandalf the White also wore a gray robe at Aragorn's coronation to
indicate he at one time was Gandalf the Grey.

House of Telcontar

House of



House of Bor







Kings of
Lords of

Kings of Arnor
Kings of Gondor
Kings of


Chieftains of
the Dnedain
Arathorn II

Aragorn II




Appearance in the books and films

In the books
The Fellowship of the Ring
The Two Towers
The Return of the King
The Silmarillion (Mentioned only)
In the films
The Fellowship of the Ring (2001)
The Two Towers (2002)
The Return of the King (2003)
The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies (2014) (Mentioned only)
Portrayal in adaptations
Lord of the Rings film trilogy
Sons of Gondor, of Rohan! My brothers! I see in your eyes the same fear that would
take the heart of me! A day may come when the courage of men fails, when we forsake
our friends and break all bonds of fellowship. But it is not this day! An hour of
wolves and shattered shields when the Age of Men comes crashing down! But it is not
this day! This day we fight! By all that you hold dear on this good earth, I BID
Aragorn encouraging the Men of Rohan and Gondor
Aragorn 3
Viggo Mortensen as Aragorn II

In The Lord of the Rings movie trilogy (2001 2003) directed by Peter Jackson,
Aragorn is played by Danish-American actor Viggo Mortensen, who took over the role
from Stuart Townsend after a month of rehearsals. In these movies, Aragorn must
overcome his self-doubt to claim the kingship. This specific element of self-doubt
is not present in Tolkien's books, where Aragorn intends to claim the throne all
along. Daniel Day-Lewis was offered the role, but declined.

In order to ensure safe passage across Mordor for Frodo to fulfill his quest,
Aragorn then led the Army of the West out from Minas Tirith to make a diversionary
feint on the Black Gate of Mordor itself in the Battle of the Morannon. Gandalf had
been given supreme command of the war effort after the Pelennor Fields, and acted
as chief spokesman in the parley with the Mouth of Sauron; but Aragorn commanded
the Allied troops during the battle and its aftermath.

Non-Canonical weapons
In the film adaptation, Aragorn never carries the shards of Narsil as he did in the
books, and only receives the reforged Andril before entering the Paths of the
Dead. Up until this time, Aragorn uses a different, more basic sword that is never
given a name. Attached to the scabbard of this sword is a small utility knife that
Aragorn uses in the wild country.

Celeborn's gift to Aragorn
Aragorn's dagger given by Celeborn

Aragorn also uses a long, curved dagger in battle, though a lot less frequently
than his sword. This dagger is used for close combat and as a last resort if the
sword is useless in a particular situation, such as when Aragorn is knocked down or
assassinating Sauron's servants. He received a curved dagger from Celeborn in the
movie, upon leaving Lorien. In The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (video
game), Aragorn uses his dagger as a finishing blow for his Final Judgment and
Warrior Bane combos.

Bow and arrows

Battle of Moria
Aragorn with a bow in the Balin's Tomb sequence

Aragorn's next weapon in his arsenal is his bow. This bow is rarely used at all.
Aragorn only uses it in Moria, shooting Goblins in the beginning of the Fight in
Balin's Tomb and while fleeing the Bridge of Khazad-dm. During these few scenes,
Aragorn shows that, though he does not have the expert bow skill and speed that
Legolas possesses, he is still an effective shooter when he successfully brings
down two goblins through small cracks in the door.

In "The Two Towers" and "Return of the King" video games, Aragorn's missile weapon
is his bow and arrows. In each case, Aragorn has 30 arrows.

The Black Stone

Aragorn holding a Palantir 01
Aragorn with the Palantir

Aragorn's final weapon is the Black Stone. He uses it once in The Return of the
King to summon the Oathbreakers and defeat the Corsairs of Umbar. He is not shown
using it in the movie adaptation.

In LOTR: Conquest, Aragorn's special, heavy attack is to summon the Army of the

In The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II, Aragorn's most powerful
ability is to summon the Army of the Dead, which appears as four abnormally large,
invincible ghost units, who can kill infantry almost instantly, though they are
weak against buildings. The only units capable of doing any sort of damage to the
Dead are heroes, which even then get immediately wiped out.
The Hobbit film trilogy
While not appearing physically in Peter Jackson's The Hobbit trilogy, he is alluded
to by Thranduil to Legolas in The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies. In a
departure from the books, he is stated to already be a Ranger and well known among
his people, rather than a ten year old child. Thranduil only told him that the
Ranger's name was Strider and that he was the son of Arathon, telling him that he
would have to find out Strider's true name for himself.

Given that Aragorn was 87 in The Two Towers, he would have been 27 during the
Hobbit film series, since the original trilogy omitted the 17 year gap between
where Gandalf leaves Frodo and finds out about the Ring's origin.

Ralph Bakshi version

Aragorn was voiced by John Hurt in Ralph Bakshi's 1978 animated film version of The
Lord of the Rings. Bakshi's Aragorn, unlike all other portrayals that were to
follow to date, has no beard. This actually conforms to a statement appearing in
Unfinished Tales that implicitly says that Aragorn was not supposed to have one,
due to his Elvish ancestry (Elves did not grow beards). In a note written in 1972
or later, among the last writings of my father's on the subject of Middle-earth,
there is a discussion of the Elvish strain in Men, as to its being observable in
the beardlessness of those who were so descended (it was a characteristic of all
Elves to be beardless. However, Tolkien actually wrote elsewhere that Elves did
have beards; in The Lord of the Rings itself Crdan is described as having a beard.
Also, some viewers and critics have said that this version of Aragorn looks Native
American though not necessarily to the detriment of the film.

Rankin/Bass' Return of the King

Aragorn was voiced by Theodore Bikel in the 1980 Rankin/Bass animated version of
The Return of the King, made for television. He first appears at the Battle of the
Pelennor Fields, leading the reinforcements from southern Gondor.

(See the stage article: The Lord of the Rings)

Aragorn was portrayed by Evan Buliung in the three-hour production of The Lord of
the Rings, which opened in 2006 in Toronto, Canada.

In the United States, Aragorn was portrayed by Josh Beshears in the Cincinnati,
Ohio production of The Return of the King (2003) for Clear Stage Cincinnati. At
Chicago's Lifeline Theatre, Aragorn was played by Robert McLean in the 1999
production of The Two Towers.

Born of Hope
In the fan-film Born of Hope, Aragorn appears as a two-year-old toddler played by
the child actor Luke Johnston.

Robert Stephens voiced the character in the 1981 BBC Radio serial of The Lord of
the Rings.

Video games
Aragorn appears in LEGO The Lord of the Rings: The Video Game and its associated
toy line, LEGO The Lord of the Rings, as a minifigure; Viggo Mortenson once again
voices him through archived audio recordings.

Voice Dubbing actors

Foreign Language Voice dubbing artist
Japanese Hochu Otsuka (?? ??)
Korean (SBS TV Edition) An Ji Hwan (???)
French (Qubec) Jacques Lavalle
French (France) Bernard Gabay
Spanish (Latin America) Sergio Gutirrez Coto
Spanish (Spain) Juan Antonio Bernal
German Jacques Breuer
Italian Pino Insegno
Portuguese (Brazil) (Television/DVD) Affonso Amajones
Turkish Bogahan Szmen
Czech Michal Dlouh
Slovak Pavel Vinovsk
Hungarian Selmeczi Roland
Russian Aleksei Ryazantesv (????????, ??????? ???????????)
Ukrainian Michael Zhonin (??????? ?????)
Mandarian Chinese (China / Taiwan) Kui Lu (??)
Cantonese Chinese (Hong Kong) Luo Ooa (???)
Thai Uttaporn Teemakorn (?????? ??????) (Kapook, Films 2-3)
Wanchai Paowiboon (?????? ???????????) (Channel 7)
Persian Saeed Mozafari (???? ?????)
Lists of miscellaneous information should be avoided. Please relocate any relevant
information into appropriate sections or articles.
Aragorn is also descended from the House of Finw, since Idril is his ancestor
Elros' grandmother, Turgon is his grandfather, and Fingolfin is his great-
Near the end of the first movie The Fellowship of the Ring, in the scene where
Aragorn fights the Uruk-hai Captain Lurtz, Aragorn uses his sword to deflect his
Elvish dagger, which Lurtz threw at him after he stabbed him in the leg with it.
This was not meant to happen as in the original script the knife was supposed to
miss and hit the tree behind Aragorn, though the mask Lurtz's actor was wearing
restricted his vision, causing him to miss his mark and throw the knife directly at
Aragorn. Luckily he was able to use his sword to deflect the knife just in time.
The director decided to keep that scene rather than the originally planned scene,
as he did just barely manage to knock the dagger away.
At one point, Viggo Mortensen is approached by one of the producers of The Hobbit
film, asking him if he would like to reprise his role as Aragorn. Viggo replies
that, "You do know, dont you, that Aragorn isnt in The Hobbit? That there is a
60-year gap between the books?"
Although Aragorn does not appear in the The Hobbit trilogy, he is briefly mentioned
by King Thranduil towards the end of the third installment, The Battle of the Five
Armies. He is referred to as "Strider", a member of the Dnedain Rangers, and a son
of Arathorn.
Viggo Mortensen as Aragorn
Aragorn and Hasufel
Aragorn and Hasufel
Aragorn as the King of Men
Aragorn and Arwen
Aragorn and Arwen
Aragorn in the 2003 Cincinnati stage production of The Return of the King.
Aragorn and the Eye of Sauron
Aragorn in the 1978 animated film based on The Lord of the Rings.
Aragorn in the 1980 animated TV special based on The Return of the King.
Aragorn-The Hunt for Gollum
Aragorn/Strider (Adrian Webster) in the Fan film The Hunt for Gollum.
Lego Aragorn
LEGO Minifigure of Aragorn
Translation around the World
Foreign Language Translated name
Arabic ?????? ?????? ???????
Armenian ??????? ?? ???????
Belarusian Cyrillic ??????? ?? ???????
Bulgarian Cyrillic ??????? ?? ???????
Chinese (Hong Kong) ???
Chinese (China) ???
Georgian ???????? ?? ???????
Greek ??a???? ?? ??essa?
Gujarati ?????? ? ????????
Hebrew ??????? ?? ???????
Hindi ??????? ??????? ???????
Italian Aragorn II Elessar
Japanese ????? ?? ?lessar ?
Korean ??? ? ?? ?lessar ?
Kyrgyz Cyrillic ??????? ? ???????
Lithuanian Aragornas II Elessar
Macedonian Cyrillic ??????? II ???????
Mongolian Cyrillic ??????? ?? ???????
Nepalese ??????? ??????? ???????
Persian ???????
Russian ??????? II ???????
Serbian ??????? II ??????? (Cyrillic) Aragorn II Elessar (Latin)
Sinhalese ???????? ?? ????????
Tajik Cyrillic ??????? ?? ???????
Tamil ???????? ? ????????
Telugu ????????? ????? ????????
Thai ?????????
Tibetan ?????? ?? ?????
Ukrainian Cyrillic ??????? ?? ???????
Uzbek Cyrillic ??????? ?? ???????
Yiddish ?????????? ?? ????????
Chieftain of the Dnedain
Preceded by
Arathorn II Aragorn II Elessar Succeeded by
TA 2933 - TA 3019
King of all the Dnedain
Preceded by
Isildur Aragorn II Elessar Succeeded by
TA 3019 - FO 120
Lord of the Dnedain
Preceded by
Arathorn II Aragorn II Elessar Succeeded by
TA 2933 - TA 3019
Heir of Isildur
Preceded by
Arathorn II Aragorn II Elessar Succeeded by
TA 2933 - TA 3019
King of the West
Preceded by
None Aragorn II Elessar Succeeded by
TA 3019 - FO 120
High King of Gondor and Arnor
Preceded by
Isildur Aragorn II Elessar Succeeded by
TA 3019 - FO 120
King of Gondor
Preceded by
Ernur Aragorn II Elessar Succeeded by
TA 3019 - FO 120
King of Arnor
Preceded by
Arvedui, King of Arthedain Aragorn II Elessar Succeeded by
TA 3019 - FO 120
King of the Reunited Kingdom
Preceded by
None Aragorn II Elessar Succeeded by
TA 3019 - FO 120
Lord of the House of Telcontar
Preceded by
None, House and Title newly created Aragorn II Elessar Succeeded by
FO 120 - ?
Chieftains of the Dnedain
Aranarth Arahael Aranuir Aravir Aragorn I Araglas Arahad I Aragost
Aravorn Arahad II Arassuil Arathorn I Argonui Arador Arathorn II
Aragorn II (Elessar)

The Fellowship of the Ring

Gandalf the Grey 1
King Aragorn
Legolas The Hobbit
Gimli at the siege of moria
Seanbean boromir
Frodo Sam Merry Pippin Gandalf Aragorn Legolas Gimli Boromir

Kings of Arnor & Kings of Arthedain

Arnor Elendil Isildur Valandil Eldacar Arantar Tarcil Tarondor
Valandur Elendur Erendur
Restoration Period Aragorn II Elessar Eldarion
Arthedain Amlaith Beleg Mallor Celepharn Celebrindor Malvegil Argeleb
I Arveleg I Araphor Argeleb II Arvegil Arveleg II Araval Araphant

Kings of Gondor
Elendil | Isildur | Meneldil | Cemendur | Erendil | Anardil | Ostoher | Rmendacil
I | Turambar | Atanatar I | Siriondil | Tarannon Falastur | Ernil I | Ciryandil |
Hyarmendacil I | Atanatar II Alcarin | Narmacil I | Calmacil | Rmendacil II |
Valacar | Eldacar | Castamir the Usurper | Eldacar (restored) | Aldamir |
Hyarmendacil II | Minardil | Telemnar | Tarondor | Telumehtar Umbardacil | Narmacil
II | Calimehtar | Ondoher | Ernil II | Ernur | Aragorn II Elessar | Eldarion

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Westlands), "The Third Age"
? The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B: The Tale of Years (Chronology of the
Westlands), "The Chief Days from the Fall of Power Door to the End of the Third
? The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B: The Tale of Years (Chronology of the
Westlands), "Later Events concerning the Members of the Fellowship of the Ring"
? The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion
? 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A: Annals of the
Kings and Rulers, I: The Nmenrean Kings, (v): "The tale of Aragorn and Arwen"
? 6.0 6.1 The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A: Annals of the Kings and Rulers, I: The
Nmenrean Kings, (iv): "Gondor and the Heirs of Anrion", The Stewards
? 7.0 7.1 The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book Two, Chapter II:
"The Council of Elrond"
? 8.0 8.1 The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book One, Chapter IX:
"At the Sign of the Prancing Pony"
? 9.0 9.1 The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book One, Chapter X:
? 10.0 10.1 10.2 The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book One,
Chapter XI: "A Knife in the Dark"
? The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book One, Chapter XII: "Flight
to the Ford"
? The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book Two, Chapter V: "The
Bridge of Khazad-dm"
? The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book Two, Chapter VIII:
"Farewell to Lorien"
? 14.0 14.1 The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book Two, Chapter
IX: "The Great River
? The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book Two, Chapter X: "The
Breaking of the Fellowship"
? The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, Book Three, Chapter II: "The Riders of
? 17.0 17.1 The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, Book Three, Chapter V: "The
White Rider"
? The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, Book Three, Chapter VI: "The King of the
Golden Hall"
? The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, Book Three, Chapter VII: "Helm's Deep"
? The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, Book Three, Chapter VIII: "The Road to
? The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, Book Five, Chapter II: "The
Passing of the Gray Company"
? 22.0 22.1 The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, Book Five, Chapter VI:
"The Battle of the Pelennor Fields"
? 23.0 23.1 The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, Book Five, Chapter VIII:
"The Houses of Healing"
? The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, Book Six, Chapter V: "The Steward
and the King"
? 25.0 25.1 Parma Eldalamberon, Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in
The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien
? The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, Book Three, Chapter II: "The Riders of
? The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 7: The Treason of Isengard, I: "Gandalf's
? The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 7: The Treason of Isengard, XIV: "Farewell to
Characters Cleanup Dnedain of the North Men of Gondor Elf friends Fellowship
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