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Annex-1: Foundation Design

TABLE: Design Reactions and Footing Area


Assumed Safe bearing capacity 200
Joint
Story Load Case/Combo Pu, kN P, kN Area Size, m
Label
Ground 42 UDCon2 132 88 0.44 0.66
Ground 44 UDCon2 237 158 0.79 0.89
Ground 46 UDCon2 243 162 0.81 0.90
Ground 48 UDCon2 262 174 0.87 0.93
Ground 50 UDCon2 767 511 2.56 1.60
Ground 52 UDCon2 669 446 2.23 1.49
Ground 54 UDCon2 988 659 3.29 1.82
Ground 56 UDCon2 1325 884 4.42 2.10
Ground 58 UDCon2 989 660 3.30 1.82
Ground 60 UDCon2 1056 704 3.52 1.88
Ground 62 UDCon2 1217 811 4.06 2.01
Ground 64 UDCon2 1077 718 3.59 1.89
Ground 66 UDCon2 627 418 2.09 1.45
Ground 68 UDCon2 899 599 3.00 1.73
Ground 70 UDCon2 598 398 1.99 1.41
Ground 72 UDCon2 653 436 2.18 1.48
Ground 74 UDCon2 698 465 2.33 1.53
Ground 76 UDCon2 1508 1005 5.03 2.24
Ground 77 UDCon2 1591 1060 5.30 2.30
Ground 80 UDCon2 1058 705 3.53 1.88
Ground 82 UDCon2 366 244 1.22 1.10
Ground 84 UDCon2 353 236 1.18 1.09
Ground 86 UDCon2 341 227 1.14 1.07
Ground 88 UDCon2 368 245 1.23 1.11
Ground 90 UDCon2 645 430 2.15 1.47
Ground 92 UDCon2 1013 676 3.38 1.84
Ground 94 UDCon2 671 447 2.24 1.50
Ground 96 UDCon2 293 195 0.98 0.99
Ground 98 UDCon2 274 183 0.91 0.96
Ground 100 UDCon2 257 171 0.86 0.93
Ground 102 UDCon2 286 190 0.95 0.98
DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING
Client: Date:
Designed By: Building Type:
Footing F5 Location:
Input Load Combination: 1.5DL + 1.5LL
Width along x, a 500 mm x-direction
Width along y, b 500 mm y-direction
2
Grade of concrete,fck = 20 N/mm Pu (kN) Mux(kNm) Muy (kNm)
2
Grade of steel, fy = 500 N/mm 1590 0 0
Clear cover 50 mm P (kN) Mx(kNm) My (kNm)
2
Safe bearing pressure 200 kN/m 1060.00 0.00 0.00
Loading condition Normal ey = 0.000 m
2
Safe bearing pressure for given loading 200 kN/m ex = 0.000 m
Quick Check
Calculated length 2.41 m Suggested Length 2.5 m (X-dimension)
Calculated width 2.41 m Suggested width 2.5 m (Y-dimension)
Pressure at corner points
at (-1.25,1.25) = 169.60 OK at (1.25,1.25) = 169.60 OK
at (-1.25,-1.25) = 169.60 OK at (1.25,-1.25) = 169.60 OK
Check for development length: OK Check for bearing pressure: SAFE
Check for X-direction Check for Y-direction
Required d for moment 218.68 mm Required d for moment 219
Provide D 500.00 mm Provide D 500.00
Diameter of bars 12 mm Diameter of bars 12
Calculated Spacing 160 mm Calculated Spacing 160
Provided spacing 100 mm Provided spacing 100
Check for two way shear SAFE Check for two way shear SAFE
Check for one way shear SAFE Check for one way shear SAFE

Calculations
2
Area of footing required, LB 5.83 m
a-b = 0 mm
2 = 0 Ref. S.N Sinha
L= 2.41 m Provide 2.5 m
B= 2.41 m Provide 2.5 m
2
Area provided = 6.25 m
4
Moment of Inertia about X axix, Ix = 3.26 m
4
Moment of Inertia about Y axix, Iy = 3.26 m

Stress at any point is given by,


= + +

2
At x = -L/2 = -1.25 y = -B/2 = -1.25 p= 169.60 kN/m OK
2
x = L/2 = 1.25 y = -B/2 = -1.25 p= 169.60 kN/m OK
2
x = L/2 = 1.25 y = B/2 = 1.25 p= 169.60 kN/m OK
2
x = -L/2 = -1.25 y = B/2 = 1.25 p= 169.60 kN/m OK
Calculation for X-direction

254.40 (Factored upward pressure)


2
254.40 kN/m
1.50 m 1.00 m
254.40

Bending moment at critical section 127.20 kN-m/m at face of the column


Reinforcement index 0.133
Minimum depth, d 219 mm
Provide overall depth, D 500 mm approx three times calculated value
Assume diameter of bar 12 mm
Effective depth d 432 mm
0.68158

2
Ast required 705.752 mm
2
Ast minimum 518.4 mm
Spacing 160.25 mm Provide 100 mm c/c
2
Area of steel provided 1130.97 mm and pt = 0.26%
Provide 12 mm dia bars @ 100 mm c/c at bottom (Parallel to X)
Check for two way shear:
Critical Section in two way shear
The critical section for the two way
shear occurs at a distance of d/2 2

from the face of the column 1.5


a+d = 932 mm 1
b+d = 932 mm 0.5
2
Punching area = 0.87 m 0
Punching perimeter = 3.728 m -2.00 -1.00 0.00 1.00 2.00
-0.5
-1
Factored pressure at corners
2 -1.5
at (-0.466,-0.466) = 254.40 kN/m
2 -2
at (0.466,-0.466) = 254.40 kN/m
2
at (0.466,0.466) = 254.40 kN/m
2
at (-0.466,0.466) = 254.40 kN/m
2
Average factored upward pressure = 254.4 kN/m
Punching shear force = Factored load - factored upward pressure x punching area
1369.02 kN
2
Therefore, Nominal punching shear stress, = 0.85 N/mm Ref. IS 456: 2000, Cl. 31.6.1
2

Allowable shear stress = 1.12 N/mm SAFE
Where, ks = 1
= 1.12 N/mm
2
Check for one way shear:
The critical section for one way shear occurs at a distance "d" from the face of the column.
= 0.568 m from edge of the fooring
2
Factored upward stress at that point = 254.4 kN/m
2
Average upward stress 254.4 kN/m
Total shear force along the critical section = 361.248 kN
2
Nominal shear stress 0.33 N/mm
Percentage of steel, pt 0.26%

= 8.99

2
Design shear stress, = 0.36 N/mm
SAFE

Calculation for Y-direction

254.40 (Factored upward pressure)


2
254.40 kN/m
1.50 m 1.00 m
254.40

Bending moment at critical section 127.20 kN-m/m at face of the column


Reinforcement index 0.133
Minimum depth, d 219 mm
Provide overall depth, D 500 mm approx three times calculated value
Assume diameter of bar 12 mm
Effective depth d 432 mm
0.682

2
Ast required 705.752 mm
2
Ast minimum 518.4 mm
Spacing 160.25 mm Provide 100 mm c/c
2
Area of steel provided 1130.97 mm and pt = 0.26%
Provide 12 mm dia bars @ 100 mm c/c at bottom (Parallel to X)
Check for two way shear:
The critical section for the two way Critical Section in two way shear
shear occurs at a distance of d/2 2
from the face of the column 1.5
a+d = 932 mm
1
b+d = 932 mm
2 0.5
Punching area = 0.87 m
Punching perimeter = 3.728 m 0
-2.00 -1.00 0.00 1.00 2.00
-0.5
Factored pressure at corners -1
2
at (-0.466,-0.466) = 254.40 kN/m
2
-1.5
at (0.466,-0.466) = 254.40 kN/m
2 -2
at (0.466,0.466) = 254.40 kN/m
2
at (-0.466,0.466) = 254.40 kN/m
2
Average factored upward pressure = 254.4 kN/m
Punching shear force = Factored load - factored upward pressure x punching area
1369.02 kN
2
Therefore, Nominal punching shear stress, = 0.85 N/mm
2
Allowable shear stress = 1.12 N/mm SAFE Ref. IS 456: 2000, Cl. 31.6.1
Where, ks = 1
= 1.12 N/mm
2

Check for one way shear:


The critical section for one way shear occurs at a distance "d" from the face of the column.
= 0.568 m from edge of the fooring
2
Factored upward stress at that point = 254.4 kN/m
2
Average upward stress 254.4 kN/m
Total shear force along the critical section = 361.248 kN
2
Nominal shear stress 0.33 N/mm
Percentage of steel, pt 0.26%

= 8.99

2
Design shear stress, = 0.36 N/mm
SAFE
Check for development Length
Sufficient development length should be available for the reinforcement from the critical section.
2 2
= 1.92 N/mm = 434.783 N/mm
Ld = 679 mm
The total length available from the critical section = 0.5(L - a)- Cover 950 mm
OK
Check for bearing stress
2
A1 = 6.25 m 2
2 2
A2 = 0.25 m = 18 N/mm

2
6.36 N/mm SAFE
Annex-2: Slab Design
SLAB DESIGN SHEET

Live Load, LL = 5 KN/m2 Axp = 0.043


Shorter Length, Lx = 6.50 m Axn = 0.057
Longer Length, Ly = 7.50 m Ayp = 0.035
Floor Finish Load, FF = 1 KN/m2 Ayn = 0.047
Two Adjacent Edges Discontinuous Ly/Lx = 1.15 (Two way)
Depth of Slab = 150 mm Effective Depth, d = 125
Clear Cover = 20 mm Span/Effective depth = 52
Bar Diameter = 10 mm Grade of Concrete = M25
Total Dead Load = 4.75 KN/m2 Grade of Steel = Fe500
2
Factored Design Load = 14.63 KN/m Depth of Slab for Shear Force:
Max. Shear Force, Vu = w*Lx/2 = 47.53 KN c = 0.53
Mx Positive = 26 k= 1.3
Mx Negative = 35 cmax = 3.1
My Positive = 22 v = 0.38 OK
My Negative = 29
Depth of Slab for Maximum Moment:
Area of Steel Calculation: Mu = 4E+07 Nmm
Short Span Eff. Depth required = 101.16 OK
2
Bottom Steel for Positive Moment 532 mm 10 mm @ 148 mm c/c
2
Top Steel for Negative Moment 736 mm 10 mm @ 107 mm c/c
Long Span
2
Bottom Steel for Positive Moment 427 mm 10 mm @ 184 mm c/c
2
Top Steel for Negative Moment 590 mm 10 mm @ 133 mm c/c
2
Minimum Area of Steel, Ast,min = 180 mm
Maximum Spacing = 300 mm
Hence provide : 10 mm @ 100 mm c/c
Due to secondary beams, moment on slab will be reduced which is checked using CSI SAFE Software.
SLAB DESIGN SHEET
Annex-3: Column Design
Design of RCC Rectangular Columns
Project :
Col Id :

Column Dimensions Rcc Characteristics Slenderness Ratios


Width Depth Leff (width) Leff (depth) Conc Grade Reinf Grade Clear Cover
Leff/B Leff/D
mm mm m m N/mm2 N/mm2 mm
500 500 4.2 4.2 25 500 40 8.40 8.40

Reinforcement Summary of Reinforcement Spacing


Dia (mm) # of Bars Along Total #s Area %age @ width @ depth
Main Ties Width Depth cm2 mm mm
20 10 4 4 12 37.68 1.508 % 113.33 113.33

Factored Forces & Moments Ecc' Moments (Kn-m)


Axial (Kn) Bending Moment (Kn-m) @ width @ depth
( Pu ) ( Mub ) ( Mud ) ( Meb ) ( Med )
4.26 4.26
170.00 229.00 37.00

Summary of Bending Moments (Kn-m) Axial Load Capacity


Type @ width @ depth 1105.99
Initial 229.00 37.00
Ecc 4.26 4.26 Moment Capacity
Slenderness 0.00 0.00 @ width @ depth
Final 229.00 37.00 384.83 384.83

Summary of Design Interaction Equation

500 X 500 Column with reinf 229.00 37.00 = 0.69 < 1.0
+
12 Nos 20 dia @ 1.508 % is 384.83 384.83 Safe
SAFE
Project
Job Number
Engineer
SAP2000

Indian IS 456-2000 COLUMN SECTION DESIGN Type: Ductile Frame Units: KN, m, C (Flexural
Details)

L=4.000
Element : 1027 B=0.500 D=0.500 dc=0.064
Station Loc : 0.000 E=25000000.0 fc=25000.000 Lt.Wt. Fac.=1.000
Section ID : C500X500-M25 fy=500000.000 fys=500000.000
Combo ID : DCON20 RLLF=1.000

Gamma(Concrete): 1.500
Gamma(Steel) : 1.150

AXIAL FORCE & BIAXIAL MOMENT DESIGN FOR Pu, Mu2, Mu3
Rebar Rebar Design Design Design
Area % Pu Mu2 Mu3
0.003 1.228 170.583 229.170 -37.183

Factored Biaxial Moments


Non-Sway Sway Factored
Mns Ms Mu
Major Bending(M3) -7.157 -30.026 -37.183
Minor Bending(M2) 13.471 215.699 229.170

Slenderness Effects (IS 39.7.1) and Minimum Biaxial Moments (IS 39.2, 25.4)
EndMoment EndMoment Initial k*Ma Minimum Minimum
Mu1 Mu2 Moment Moment Moment Eccentrcty
Major Bending(M3) -37.183 -9.390 -26.066 0.000 4.208 0.025
Minor Bending(M2) 229.170 100.766 177.808 0.000 4.208 0.025

Effective Length Factors (IS 25.2, Annex E)


K K Framing P-Delta Q K
Sway No-Sway Type Done? Factor Used
Major Bending(M3) 1.779 0.762 Ductile Yes 1.000 1.000
Minor Bending(M2) 1.919 0.783 Ductile Yes 1.000 1.000

Additional Moment Reduction Factor k (IS 39.7.1.1)


Ag Asc Puz Pb Pu k
0.250 0.003 3963.607 1060.913 170.583 1.000

Additional Moment (IS 39.7.1)


Consider Length Section KL/Depth KL/Depth KL/Depth Ma
Ma Factor Depth Ratio Limit Exceeded Moment
Major(M3) Yes 1.000 0.500 8.000 12.000 No 0.000
Minor(M2) Yes 1.000 0.500 8.000 12.000 No 0.000

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Annex-4: Beam Design
DESIGN OF RECTANGULAR BEAM
Client: Date:
Designed By: Building Type: Commercial
Input
Width of beam, b 300 mm Mu = 212 kNm
Depth of beam, D 600 mm Vu = 181 kN
Clear cover 25 mm Tu = 21 kNm
Stirrups size 8 mm Stress-Strain Data
Bar size 12 mm Strain Stress
Effective depth 561 mm 0.00174 347.8
2
Grade of concrete,fck = 25 N/mm 0.00195 369.6
2
Grade of steel, fy = 500 N/mm 0.00226 391.3
Calculation for Moment 0.00277 413
2
Ast, min 287 mm 0.00312 423.9
xu, max/d 0.46 0.00417 434.8
Mu, lim 315 kNm
Type of Section SRS Singly Reinforced Section
2
Area of tension reinforcement, Ast 984 mm
Area of compression reinforcement 0 mm2
Provide 20 mm dia. 4 nos. bars. tension reinforcement 1257 OK
Provide 12 mm dia. 3 nos. bars. comp. reinforcement 339 OK

Calculation for Shear


% of tension reinforcement 0.698%
Equivalent Shear 293 kN
2
Nominal shear stress, 1.63 N/mm
= 4.21

2
Design shear stress, = 0.56 N/mm
Hence, shear reinforcement is to be provided for a shear force of
(1.63 - 0.56) 300 x 600 = 192600 N

2
Assuming 8 2-legged stirrups, Asv = 101 mm

120 mm c/c

Provide 8 mm dia 2-legged stirrups @ 120 mm c/c.

Page 1 of 1
Project
Job Number
Engineer
SAP2000

Indian IS 456-2000 BEAM SECTION DESIGN Type: Ductile Frame Units: KN, m, C (Flexural
Details)

L=6.500
Element : 1114 D=0.600 B=0.300 bf=0.300
Station Loc : 6.500 ds=0.000 dct=0.060 dcb=0.060
Section ID : B300X600-M25 E=25000000.0 fc=25000.000 Lt.Wt. Fac.=1.000
Combo ID : DCON3 fy=500000.000 fys=500000.000

Gamma(Concrete): 1.500
Gamma(Steel) : 1.150

LONGITUDINAL REINFORCEMENT FOR MOMENT AND TORSION, (Mu3, Tu)


Required +veMoment -veMoment RegularMin SeismicMin
Rebar Rebar Rebar Rebar Rebar
Top (+2 Axis) 0.001 0.000 0.001 4.320E-04 4.320E-04
Bottom (-2 Axis) 5.206E-04 0.000 0.000 0.000 5.206E-04

Factored Forces and Moments


Factored Factored Torsion
Mu3 Tu Mt
-174.901 21.345 37.668

Design Moments, Mu3


Design Design
+veMoment -veMoment
0.000 -212.569

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Annex5:TRUSS DESIGN
Grade of Steel: 345 N/mm2

Wind load as per IS 875 (Part 3)


Basic wind speed : 50 m/s (Assumed)
Wind load:
F = ( Cpe - Cpi ) .A. Pd
where, Cpe = external pressure coefficient
Cpe = internal pressure coefficient
A = Surface area of structural element or claddding units
Pd = design wind pressure
Wall opening : 20 %
Cpi : 0.5 and -0.5
Roof angle : 5.00 degree
Height of building to eaves : 10 m 1.65
Short dimension of the building in plan: 10.5 m
Building height to width ratio : 1.0 (1/2<h/w<3/2)
Wind Angle - 0 [Table 5 of IS 875 (Part 3)]
For 5 degree in windward side, Cpe: -0.9
in leeward side, Cpe: -0.6
For 10 degree in windward side, Cpe: -1.1
in leeward side, Cpe: -0.6
For roof angle = 5.00 degree
By interpolation, Cpe : -0.90 for windward side
-0.60 for leeward side
Wind Angle - 90 [Table 5 of IS 875 (Part 3)]
For 5 degree, Cpe: for 1/4 length of building -0.9
degree, Cpe: for 1/2 length of building -0.6
For 10 degree, Cpe: for 1/4 length of building -0.8
degree, Cpe: for 1/2 length of building -0.6
For roof angle = 5.00 degree
By interpolation, Cpe : -0.90 for 1/4 length of building
-0.60 for 1/2 lenth of building

Risk Coefficient, k1 : 1.08 Cl. 5.3.1


Terrian, height and structure size factor, K2: 1.05 Table 2
Topography factor : 1
Terrian 1 Class B)
Wind pressure Calculation
Total height of building : 17.00 m
Design wind speed, : 56.7 m/s

Design Wind pressure, pd = 0.6Vz2 : 1928.93 N/m2


1.93 kN/m2
Figure: Truss Type 1

Figure: Design Check of Member Section in SAP2000 (Type1)


Figure: Truss type 2

Figure: Design Check of Member Section in SAP2000 (Type2)