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Name: June 23, 2008

Lehman

115 Molecular Structure


Question 1. Define the followingtenns:

a) ionic bond A ~ ~ I -rc- -

~~ ~ '1 -6Lo, ~ @hQ I!Yt fi


~~M-L~~~.
h)covm,n'bond
/J- ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ Bne-j ~)frt ~

');:t;~~~~
~~~-

d)VSEPR.~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ b-y.,r::!if--rdJ
'~~ ~U7t--=--
,) mol",.l"
geumotry
~~ ~. JJl~
~')<>-~.

fl ~"~oon~_~~~~
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Name: June 23, 2008
Lehman

Question 7. Draw the Lewis Structure for each of the following. Also give the shape of each atom center in each
molecule, and draw it in three dimensions. Be sure to use the model kit to construct each one..

C4Hg
C4H 10 \t rt 1+
t
}t- C) - L- C- c...
I I '_H-
( I I
H \--\- H 11 .All.~
\..L 1+ 1+ tj
{T..

I
f ;

,
I H
().)U.

If",C-1~ L -Y"
It ;,- 14
CH3CI C3Hg
~d: ~ 14-
. ( l
1+
1

H--LI - (f It- L--U--~lt


I 1

H C) ~ H ~ All C
)
It ,-,rC Y /~ ~W4
~
H- ;,-C-H /r,,!G
rf "c..:) I~
H-~ H-

C3H6 C2H2 .n
4- H-

{t "'~~c ~C.-M
~'\
_:ry.i1
~r
VA'
HIt
" ,
-teJ(~k.JiJ tt ~ \ ~f-rt
l~
It'- c ~ c-,rc- '- H
11 r 'H

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Name: June 23, 2008
Lehman

CH3COOH ~ tJ'. ~ C3H70H It- H


l' _.t. r 1 ~ I I .'
~- (' - C-~ - l+ c- -c C- -tJ-11
1 r~~
UA.T
~
...fet/~v
H, (
d--\
~('~\pl~
f'\
1.I
11
U
J+-l
t e;t"~
I-(
1fP
}f
H

rl
H

/C,- Ii "./
If '- c C\ 'c /6", G ",E)-If-
i- ~.!
H +1 It-~J I' \H .
CH20 C2HsNH2 1f1~- -, ,
ry(~,d.t1- )
~IO'.
+t}f
I \ I ~.
-I C--f.J -)f

1-\/ '-H ?r~


~t{)~~ ft-

rt
1#0...
11t
~ I n~
11:
(,o-X.

It &H,
C/,C" IV -
H-'Vi ~ -, H-
H \J>.}\-

C2HsBr CH2BrCOOH ~~\. ~


(t .. ~) II ,,' rI
fr-"L - LAH : a-- <;:::::-C - 9 -It
1t-~; '" S e- ,. t-j' -re1\il.~
N 1(\~'
W- r\ 0 f\~r
., -. , Ii
ft-C-c-fSr: ~ <'-
/G'O/tt
~~~e:tlb-lJrJ '~~
Name: - - June 23, 2008
Lehman

NH3 . l H2O
.

H- \!-r;JJ .'0'
H- Pi \ / '-It
I
tt "---

Jr-'
If ---H
CO2

-
P :s
-
'--
b- C 0
...,

n/
"-
.'
t

C3H7I
~ . ~I '
)-\ .' ~H4 -+:'- ,/ It
Jt- CI - C-- GI ~ -I: C ~C
1 - "ft
H
tt
\1 rr ~..
A((~ iT
/ V L
iflr 'f
I., r
d r~
,~Ir ,~
~)}
f~r.r
n ,,/Cc.. "-
- f/-f' H- r I
Name: June 25, 2008
Summer 2008

istry 115 Exam #4 Practice


Question1. Alida dissolves a quantity of KCI into 238 g of water. She attempts to calculate the concentration
when she realizes that she forgot to record the mass of the KCI. To determine the concentration of
the unknown solution she decides to take 125 g of the solution and evaporate it to dryness. When
the water is evaporated the residue is weighed and found to have a mass of 2.20 g. What is the
percent concentration ofthis solution?

~ .~ 0 d-
~lfJO -- \.1-~ fflo
I ':2-5 d-

Question2. 6.20 g of Na2S is dissolved in enough water to prepare 325 mL of solution. What is the molarity of

~:~:;n?~S~ J Z- '\M01U1Zc

18 .14 A."S
~ )( I
D.~'2.5 L =- O.'2}t4 ~
-

Question3. 0.0565 g of KN03 is dissolved in 238 mL of water. What is the % concentration of this solution?
You will need the density of water to solve this problem.

0 .e>5t;,S,jKi0Qs x (~D - (). 0 '2-~ -:t-Vj<:J


~ 3<t< -r ~ ().OS"S(f
Q-

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Name: June 25, 2008
Summer 2008

Question 4. 2.50 mL of the solutionin Question 2., above, is diluted to 50.0 mL. What is the molarity of this

dilute;l~ti~ D V>A L (p. 2- Yl..\ ~') ~ M 1),'-- (5""'0.0 ,.,L)


~ OIL- -:; 0.0 l f2-2- ~

.Question 5. What massof zinc is neededto fully react with 8.00 g of a 6.0% HCl solution?

:c Y\ -T- 2-\ C-\ ~ ~ (\ CI~ -t l--JZ-

%.0°'1 ~ )t~)(~ljp,k>~ 'i{g5'~f:b.:::-


0 /eoJS&t.- -3Io.~fL\ 2~}tCl \~::Cn

~. 43 J2:n

Question6. 10.00 mL of a H2SO4 solution is titrated to the endpoint with 38.4 mL of a 0.0992 M NaOH
solution. What is the concentration ofthe H2SO4 solution?

~ tvd.-0 r+ t- 1+~SOL{ -; f1-z-Wq t:{ 11.~J)


~),:J~~If~sO-'L
2,g.~...L ,'II'..-f)H)( c:: I. rDX/;;3
lew...L ,Q..J>tJ...ott ~ 11>.-0,[;1

~10)«(l>-U~"S~ .::-\ ()./90 }'II


D,otooo L- ~- --..

Page 2 of 9
Name: June 25, 2008
Summer 2008

Question7. What is the [OH-] of a 2.0 M NaOH solution?

d.t) ~

Question8. What is the [H+] of a 2.0 M NaOH solution?

[6t-\-J :: ::< .D
~-t') :;J..O :::: 1<D X lOlL!

[..H-+J", 5.0 x. (0- (5'

Question9. What is the [OH-] in a solution that has a pH of 8.0?

,0- ~.D ~ Lttr-.J -;::-,. t)(1 D ~


[D H-] 1.0 Xl D~ =- ,. 0 ~J t)"-/4
[0 l,t -] s I.0 Xl CO-- b
Question 10. What is the pH of a 0.050 M KOH solution?

~OH-:J~<9.050
[1-1-+)(9.0SO -:: }.OXIO'lf
CJt+] -: ~,O X-lt)--(~

fH ~ ~1 e>~(:2..DX.1013) :;- 13
Question 11. 20.0 mL of a 3.0M HCI solution are mixed with 20.0 mL of a 5.0M NaOH solution. Is the pH of the
resulting solution above 7, below 7, or 7? Explain your answer.

t-\C-\ -T /1Jo.-Dl4 g NO--cl +- H--:i-O


1k- ~ ~ - LVU
M I.:I) I-k): /Vo.-OH
~~~~~.~~
~I
~~W~~fH~
~)~~+<)
Page 3 of 9
Name: June 25, 2008
Summer 2008

Question 12. 6.2 roL of a 6.0M solution of KOH is diluted to 50.0 roL. What is the pH of the dilute solution?

~.2~L (~D~) "- ~DIL-(gJ.OI"-L)


M ::- {). 1- LfLf:- 12-6l-rJ
. D-\.}J::1./»)t'/)-'~.:- I. 3tt X 10/'1
l>. 1-Y Y

f 1-1<:-I "1 (I. '34XJbll\) =- 14


Question 13. How many mL of a O.345Mphosphoric acid solution are required to neutralize 125 mL of a O.123M
KOH solution?

1-.\3?C\~-\-':, K Or\- --7 K'3:PD~ +dH2-°


1'25...L f\Ol-\J<'j).n-'3~J\QH)L
)~ot)~L.
~
3~KeH
f-3.0~~tJ;- \ I
t1~'fDq

L'4. '1 M- L 1-I-~Pt)4

Page 4 of 9
Name: June 25, 2008
Summer 2008

Question 14. Draw the Lewis Structure, and give the shape of each atom center in each molecule Make sure that
you show all of the lone pairs..

CH20 H2S
, '
, '

~ {

;c'H .- S" II
H- t {\q.,~ tl'1 w-
-P Lo1l~ (

C2H2
C4HS -r(\~~ ~\~

!--r-L ~ c-H
H'i~ -l-t-H
~j
~ ~ ~~
t .IL:rfV.-~

Page 5 of 9
Name: June 25, 2008
Summer 2008

Question 15. A 25.0 L balloon is filled with N20 at 25°C and 800 torr. How many molecules of N20 are in the
balloon? Pi ~ f\ f2- T'
)
~ ~~ ~ )
\J-::2-$. t) L-) r~ Zt Kf:-.
Y1 ~ f'{ ~ ~~)C '2S.60 -- ~ /; - . AJ ~
fZ-r ~ I
,0 ~ zLJ
$.tJf>2.( ~t: C-Z?~K
/ 2-3
[.05~JV~D 'j:P_ID 46X!D
~ (O~~\~.A1l.fJ
Question 16. 25.0 g of oxygen react with 25.0 g of acetylene (C2H2).How many L of CO2 at 22°C and 760 torr
are formed? '2..J
2C2H2 + 5°2 ~ 4C02 + 2H20

J-S'. c9CLOL.-
(J
'I-- 1~2-~O
~fk ::- (). "1-<6~~ () L

J..~,°1.~/-l X 1:](1,,/-1 .:=:-(). "I fr,2 J~}I2-


0 ~ '°0 ~CJ~
~ ().~
--
~ (fJ~ ,c ~1U.(i<4 ~
S.JD;?-
(). f> ztf ~C{) L

v= ~ ~( ::: O.IQ7-L\ \A!c..Q ( (). 0<62-1 ~~ ) 2."cS ~ -II ~/ 1


Question 17.
p .~
Two bottles, with identical mass and volume are filled with argon. Bottle A is filled to a pressure of
-~
810 torr, and bottle B is filled to 358 torr. Which bottle weighs more after it is filled with the gas?

s::an~ ~ ~ '\-k ~ ~
w.J
-@ ~
VtJ!- d 'f-tu.
0 ~
~ ~~(~
. .
~~~
/'YvIMtl tuuJp
$-Ltl
.1

d7 O~) ~ JI J ~ ' -- H , .

Page 6 of 9
Name: June 25, 2008
Summer 2008

Question 18. Briefly explain the relationship between vapor pressure and intermolecular forces.

1k-~44~~~
~~~Y-lu- ~
~.

Question 19. Describe and explain the trends in the following figure.
400
350
-~ 300
250 ~Hn'l
SbH3 21e

J AsH3 H2SH§e

i PH3 HEIHBr

~150
.-
==
CH4
100
~
200 ---'Siffi'eH4
-t

S 50
0
Group4A Group 5A Group 6A Group 7A

~~~~~~ - ~

~(.
J-u
~ ~~ M ~v..d;}J(} ~ ~
-

.L ~11v4 i+Av'b ~~ .
'

~~.~Me-S~ AJ

Page 7 of 9
Name: June 25,2008
Summer 2008

Question 20. Define the following.

a) solute

b) solvent

c) intermolecular forces

d) hydrophobic

e) hydrophilic

f) saturated

g) molarity

h) allotrope

i) "Like dissolves like"

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