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Analysing ethical behaviour of students for

submitting their assignment

1. Abstract:
The education system is managed through series of activities for providing quality of
education to their students. The educational institutes play vital role for building students
career. These educational institutes are not only educating and mentoring their students,
but they are also conducting tests and exams to analyse their educational performance of
students. There are many challenges faced by these educational institutes for managing the
behaviour of students for submitting their assignments and coursework. Many previous
research papers were providing limited information about the impacts of different factors
on ethical behaviour of students for submitting their assignment. There are many factors
that can affect the ethical behaviour of students such as personal factors, financial issues,
technical issues, learning issues, teaching factors and social factors. This report provides key
literature information about different factors increasing problems for students to submit
their assignment. This report adopted the questionnaire methodology for collecting
response from 20 postgraduate students of University of Sunderland. The analysis of results
confirmed that financial and social issues are increasing more problems for respondents to
submit their assignment.

2. Rationale:
The examination and tests are considered as most essential function of educational
institutes for assessing the educational performance of their students. The awards and
further actions about the study are made on the basis of different examinations and tests.
There are different aspects involved for submission of assignment, whereas different criteria
are defined for fulfilling all the requirements such as written reports, essay style, software
development, and others. (Nicol and Macfarlane-Dick, 2006).

The researchers also identified that most of the students are finding it difficult for
submitting their assignments through internet tools such as sunspace, Moodle, and Turnitin
accounts. The reason is that majority of students prefer pen based assignments as compare
to online submission of assignment. The research conducted by Bride and Appleyard (2008),

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criminal activities. and social rejection. (Carvalho et al. The study further confirmed key problems faced by students in Portuguese University for submitting their assignment such as heavy workloads. (2005) argued that online submitted assignments are improving different aspects in students such as high level of student commitment. Marsden et al. 2012). social issues. (Moore et al. stereotype for difficult questions. academic failure.. there are different other factors that directly or indirectly affecting the behaviour of students for submitting their assignment such as financial issues. academic dishonesty. technical issues. more argumentation. penalties. interpersonal issues. The educationists can eliminate these factors from students by providing essential class session for increasing their awareness about plagiarism issues. (Burgoon et al. The educational institutes can improve the unethical behaviour of students through praise delivery mechanism. Fontaine (2012) argued that online assignment submission is increasing different interpersonal flaws among students such as laziness and egoism.. According to research conducted by Carvalho et al. and data sharing between friends. and evaluation of rationale. Also. Beside these key factors. (2011). 2|Page . In contrast. and consequences.. 1996). The originality report generated from Moodle is efficiently capable of differentiating the ethical and unethical behaviour of students. eagerness for higher marks.. educationists also interact with students to provide solutions for their problems during studies. There are many factors that directly affect the behaviour of students for submitting their assignment such as high social circle. laziness. 2010). Beside these general factors. In contrast. acquisition of key knowledge. time constraints. 2011). many students use advanced technologies for cheating the assignment submission system to complete their work with less efforts. drug abuse.. Also.identified that fear of getting plagiarism is considered as major constraint of students for submitting their assignments. and educationist issues. completing and proof reading their assignments. (Sendag et al. modifying. efficient reasoning. students are finding it easy for submitting online assignments due to no direct face to face assessment from instructor. The students have plenty of time for designing. Moodle software is used for checking the originality of student work.

utilitarianism. and experiments. family stress. 2013). The assessment of moral equity and egoism can provide the actual issues faced by students for submitting their assignments. This report also conducted analysis of key factors affecting student behaviour by adopting questionnaire methodology. research nature. (Jung.  H1: Financial and social factors are not affecting the behaviour of students for submission of their assignments. The selection of dissertation is depending on different research aspects and criteria such as research mode. and moral equity.  H0: Financial and social factors are severely affecting the behaviour of students for submission of their assignments. sample size and study field. it is important for analysing and assessing the key factors affecting the assignment submission behaviour of students. self identity stress. 3|Page . authentication problems. Research design and planning: Methodology is considered as heart of any research due to provision of key information about adopting research approach. Moreover. There are different types of research methodologies that can be used for different studies such as observation. whereas these stresses are directly affecting their behaviour for submission of assignment such as academic stress. These factors can be eliminated through teacher student interaction. 2009). The educational institutes and all other stakeholders must adopt strategies to eliminate factors that affect performance and assignment submission behaviour of students. contractualism. control strategies with proper appraisal system in universities and college can help in reducing these factors from students. emotional stress. (Deng and Tavares. 2009). strategy. 3. Therefore. and career development stress. case study. 2013). student union office to helps students to rectify different issues affecting their assignment submission. interviews. egoism. philosophy and research data collection methods. student ambassadors. interpersonal stress. questionnaire. (Gray. (Simpson.The students are also facing different types of stress during their studies. In addition. there are five key philosophies that can be used for assessing the assignment submission behaviour of students such as relativism.

2011). interpretation and analysis of data. Also. approaching someone in research for providing their perception and experience was also very difficult and required complete ethics for not disclosing the participant’s personal information.The research methodology is selected on the basis of different key elements of research such as research philosophy. research approach. difficulties were faced for making communication and maintaining their privacy for research. and data reliability and validity. The questionnaire was distributed among 20 postgraduate students of University of Sunderland. whereas questionnaire was designed by considering the literature information about student behaviour. research ethics. Excel and others. Many respondents confirmed that their name will not be disclosed in research. The questionnaire distribution and data collection was completed in 2 weeks time. The collected data was cross analysed with key literature studies to confirm the validity and reliability of data.1 Research Ethics and SEPL Issues: The research ethics and SEPL issues are strongly linked with each other and better understanding of SEPL issues help in achieving research ethics.. (Saunders et al. This report is adopting questionnaire research strategy for collecting data from students. data collection method. (Gray. 2011). data analysis method. (Saunders et al. research strategy. 2011). Although.. The research ethics were maintained by considering all social. compiling of collected data was very difficult due to incomplete filled data in questionnaire. This report is considering positivism study by considering the key facts and strategies to analyse behaviour of student. (Kothari. The sample 4|Page . ethical. The research approach is defining the process for collection and final presentation of data. Also. There were different ethical issues faced due to distribution and collection of data. There were no technological issues faced by research for conducting research due to expertise for using statistical tool such as SPSS. to consider literature studies to design questionnaire and cross analyse to confirm its reliability and validity. (Kothari. There were no initial social issues faced during research. 2009). This report was considering the deductive research approach. professional and technological issues in research. 2011). 3. The research philosophy is considered as major belief of research for collection. This report was considering the data collection method by personally requesting the students to provide response for questionnaire. The researcher faced issues for collecting data from respondents.

There were also no legal issues faced by researcher due to properly acknowledging all the collected data. Result and Discussion: As mentioned above. analysis was done by conducting the t-test analysis using IBM SPSS software. whereas further t-test was conducted to calculate the average mean values. 2007). After collecting the data.size was required to be maintained for 20 respondents. 3. whereas chocolates were provided to respondents for increasing their interest for analyse the ethical behaviour of students. The literature information and observation of students during assignment submission time helped in designing the questionnaire. Also. The collected data was compiled in the form of chart showing percentages of agreement and disagreement from respondents about different factors. 5|Page . researcher maintained complete privacy and confidentiality of respondents. whereas plagiarism factors were also removed by pre-checking the originality report. 2010). t-critical. 4. The responses were collected from 20 postgraduate students. and df values. Figure 1 shows the graphical output for total response collected for each statement. by properly managing research ethics. (Denscombe. (Grix. There were 20 complete responses received from postgraduate students. The complete declaration was made to select Data protection Act for efficiently managing. The collected data is presented in the form of chart. whereas respondents were requested to agree or disagree with the factors provided in the questionnaire. research questionnaire was considering of 5 key statements about factors affecting the ethical behaviour of students for submitting their assignment. The time horizon was kept one week for distributing and collecting questionnaire data from respondents. The questionnaire was distributed among 35 students in library and hall of residences. standard deviation. There were no economical factors affecting the research. There were five key factors provided in the questionnaire.2 Design and Planning for Questionnaire: The questionnaire design was considering key factors that directly affects the ethical behaviour of students.

Table 3 shows the results collected from IBM SPSS software for research. Table 2: Mean value and standard deviation of student responses The calculated values of standard deviation and mean average further helped in calculating the t-critical values. df value and t. These values were calculated by using the IBM SPSS tool for confirming or rejecting the null hypothesis of research. Table 2 shows the further calculated mean average and standard deviation values for collected response from questionnaire. 6|Page . The respondents were also asked to identify and categorise the most affecting factors that highly influences their assignment submission behaviour.cal value. Figure 1: Graphical presentation of questionnaire response The students were further asked in the questionnaire to rate the impact of these factors on their severity level ranging from 1 to 5 score.

The high social circle is also preventing the student to properly concentrate on their studies. social and their studies together. The remaining factors were less affecting their ethical behaviour for assignment submission. 7|Page . Also.5 and social factors with mean average of 3. (Lin and Huang. many students face problems for buying advanced and paid resources from internet. and student loans. The postgraduate students are getting less help from parents or guardians as compare to undergraduate students. The value of t- critical was not exceeding 1. student loan. The financial and social issues were included such as high tuition fees. Table 3: Values calculated by IBM SPSS for t-test of results The t-test results confirmed the null hypothesis that financial and social issues are highly affecting the ethical behaviour of students for submitting their assignment. The university is providing links to download research papers from reliable sources but still majority of websites provides paid services such as Francis and Taylor. 2013). work tiredness. part time work. The majority of students were from developing countries and faces severe financial issues during their studies.7 were affecting the ethical behaviour of assignment submission. ACM library and others. 2005).95 that showed acceptance of null hypothesis and rejection of full hypothesis H1. (Lin and Huang. lack of time.. 2005). Majority of postgraduate students confirmed that financial issues with mean average of 3. and high social circle. The students are also engaging themselves in extracurricular activities such as sports and events.. (Marsden et al. postgraduate students have to make proper planning for mitigating these issues during their studies. Majority of postgraduate students were either married with family or in a relationship. postgraduate students are facing problems for managing their students with their social circle. The respondents were mostly facing financial problems due to heavy workload. family responsibilities. Thus. The students were facing issues to manage finances. 2013). part time jobs. Beside the financial factors. (Marsden et al.

This report increased the research and analysis skills and provided key knowledge about how research work is conducted. The use of analytical tool developed technical skills for conducting research. there were different social issues identified in report such as looking after family. work tiredness. egoism. technical issues. and educationist issues. interpersonal issues. social issues. part time jobs. Beside these two key factors. time constraints. criminal activities. Beside the financial issues. academic failure. but experience can be further used for analysing big issues with larger sample sizes. This report was using small sample size. The analysis of collected response confirmed that majority of students were facing financial and social issues during their studies.5. Conclusion: This report was critically evaluating the key factors affecting the ethical behaviour of students for submitting their assignment. there are different other factors that directly or indirectly affecting the behaviour of students for submitting their assignment such as financial issues. Beside these key factors. there are different psychological factors that severely affect the behaviour of students for submission of their assignment such as laziness. Also. last minute approach and sharing assignment by neglecting plagiarism. 8|Page . high social circle. There are many factors that directly affect the behaviour of students for submitting their assignment such as high social circle. and low finance for buying high quality research material. whereas educational institutes must also provide appraisal and control for monitoring the behaviour of students for submitting their assignment. This report adopted the questionnaire methodology to analyse the high impacting factors for student’s behaviour. and lack of time. and social rejection. these research and analytical knowledge will be further used throughout career for analysing different problems by adopting proper methodology and analysis methods. The key financial issues identified in the research were student loan problems. drug abuse. The financial and social issues are directly affecting their ethical behaviour for submitting their assignment. These issues and factors can be resolved by making proper mitigation planning during studies.

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